Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 13, 2015	USDL-15-0015

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                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – NOVEMBER 2014

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of November, little changed from 4.8 
million in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires (5.0 million) were little 
changed and separations (4.6 million) declined in November. Within separations, the quits rate (1.9 
percent) was unchanged and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.2 percent) was little changed. This release 
includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector 
by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of November. The job openings rate was 
3.4 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and increased for 
government in November. (See table 1.) Job openings increased for nondurable goods manufacturing 
and for state and local government. The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in 
November for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for 
many industries, including professional and business services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. Job openings decreased in arts, entertainment, and recreation. The 
number of openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 5.0 million hires in November, little changed from October. The hires rate in November was 
3.6 percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private and government. Hires decreased 
over the month in professional and business services and in the West region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for 
total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. Hires increased over the year in 
several industries, including retail trade and accommodation and food services. The number of hires 
increased in the Northeast and Midwest regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.6 million total separations in November, down from October. The separations rate was 
3.3 percent in November. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and 
government and decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 3.)

There were 2.6 million quits in November, little changed from October. The quits rate in November was 
1.9 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and decreased for government. 
Quits decreased in durable goods manufacturing, professional and business services, and state and local 
government.  The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in November for 
total nonfarm and total private and was unchanged for government. Over the year, quits increased for 
many industries, including both health care and social assistance and accommodation and food services. 
The number of quits also increased over the year in the South region. (See table 10.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in November, little changed from October. The rate was 
1.2 percent in November. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month for 
total private and government, and fell in the Northeast region. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in November for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges increased over the year in mining and logging and in the Midwest region. (See table 11.)

In November, there were 393,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from October. 
Over the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 331,000 and for 
government at 62,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) 
was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations fell over the year 
for information and was little changed in all four regions. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in November 2014, hires totaled 57.6 
million and separations totaled 54.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
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The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for December 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, February 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

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Last Modified Date: January 13, 2015