Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 8, 2016	USDL-16-1149

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – APRIL 2016

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.8 million on the last business day of April, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires edged down to 5.1 million while separations were little 
changed at 5.0 million. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.0 percent, and the layoffs and discharges 
rate was 1.1 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and 
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

Job openings were little changed at 5.8 million in April. The job openings rate was 3.9 percent. The 
number of job openings was little changed in April for total private and for government. Job openings 
increased in a number of industries, with the largest changes occurring in wholesale trade (+65,000), 
transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+58,000), durable goods manufacturing (+46,000), and real 
estate and rental and leasing (+41,000). Job openings decreased in professional and business services
(-274,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires edged down to 5.1 million in April. The hires rate was 3.5 percent. The number of 
hires was little changed in April for total private and edged down for government (-31,000). Hires were 
little changed in all industries in April and decreased in the Midwest region. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 5.0 million total separations in April, little changed from March. The total separations rate 
in April was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed over the month for total 
private and for government. All industries experienced little change in total separations over the month. 
In the regions, the number of total separations declined in the Midwest. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in April at 2.9 million. The quits rate was 2.0 percent. Over the 
month, the number of quits was little changed for total private and for government. Quits increased in 
arts, entertainment, and recreation (+15,000) but decreased in construction (-45,000) and mining and 
logging (-5,000). The number of quits decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 4.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in April, little changed from March. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and for government. In April, layoffs and discharges declined in professional and 
business services (-81,000). In the regions, layoffs and discharges decreased in the Midwest. (See table 
5.)

In April, other separations edged up for total nonfarm and for total private, and was little changed for 
government. The number of other separations rose in health care and social assistance (+20,000), 
accommodation and food services (+13,000), and information (+7,000). The number of other 
separations was little changed over the month in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in April, hires totaled 62.4 million and 
separations totaled 59.7 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for May 2016 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, July 12, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

The PDF version of the news release

Supplemental Files Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: June 08, 2016