Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, November 8, 2016	USDL-16-2128

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – SEPTEMBER 2016

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.5 million on the last business day of September, the 
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires edged down to 5.1 million and total separations 
was little changed at 4.9 million. Within separations, the quits rate was unchanged at 2.1 percent and the 
layoffs and discharges rate decreased to 1.0 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and 
rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic 
regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of September, there were 5.5 million job openings, little changed from August. 
The job openings rate was 3.7 percent in September. The number of job openings was little changed for 
total private and for government. Job openings was also little changed in all industries and regions. (See 
table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires edged down to 5.1 million in September (-187,000). The hires rate was 3.5 percent. 
The number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. Hires decreased in arts, 
entertainment, and recreation (-63,000) and was little changed in all other industries. The number of 
hires decreased in the Northeast region (-108,000) and was little changed in all other regions. (See table 
2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in September, little changed from August. The total 
separations rate in September was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations was essentially 
unchanged for total private and for government. Total separations increased in transportation, 
warehousing, and utilities (+50,000) and decreased in arts, entertainment, and recreation (-55,000). The 
number of total separations was little changed in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in September at 3.1 million. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. Over 
the month, the number of quits was little changed for total private, and increased for government 
(+36,000). Quits increased in transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+43,000), state and local 
government, excluding education (+25,000), information (+15,000), and state and local government 
education (+10,000). Quits decreased in other services (-37,000). The number of quits was little changed 
in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.5 million layoffs and discharges in September, a decrease of 218,000 from August. The 
layoffs and discharges rate decreased to 1.0 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges decreased for 
total private (-186,000) and for government (-31,000). The layoffs and discharges level decreased in 
health care and social assistance (-61,000), arts, entertainment, and recreation (-60,000), state and local 
government education (-23,000), and mining and logging (-5,000). The number of layoffs and 
discharges decreased in the South region (-105,000). (See table 5.)

In September, the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and 
government. Other separations decreased in mining and logging (-3,000). The number of other 
separations was little changed in all other industries and in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in September, hires totaled 62.7 million 
and separations totaled 60.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.6 million. These totals 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for October 2016 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, December 7, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,360 5,453 5,486 5,131 5,268 5,081 4,956 5,052 4,914

Total private

4,880 4,941 4,987 4,806 4,888 4,716 4,633 4,696 4,552

Mining and logging(1)

17 11 17 25 31 28 34 31 24

Construction(1)

104 192 221 324 337 310 316 327 291

Manufacturing

312 326 334 279 274 269 272 268 268

Durable goods(1)

191 185 205 175 152 159 168 157 162

Nondurable goods(1)

120 141 130 104 122 110 103 111 106

Trade, transportation, and utilities

954 997 978 1,060 1,091 1,100 1,022 1,009 1,040

Wholesale trade(1)

163 160 163 133 160 137 124 147 120

Retail trade

623 628 636 744 752 771 718 707 714

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

169 208 180 183 179 191 180 156 206

Information(1)

110 83 94 83 71 72 81 72 77

Financial activities

313 332 354 188 192 173 186 186 169

Finance and insurance

269 253 259 117 133 114 114 123 112

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

44 79 95 71 59 59 73 63 57

Professional and business services

1,111 1,022 1,055 1,058 1,072 1,077 1,012 1,008 1,009

Education and health services

1,080 1,041 1,063 610 634 592 542 595 555

Educational services(1)

92 95 97 80 92 81 66 85 74

Health care and social assistance

989 946 967 529 543 511 476 510 481

Leisure and hospitality

706 749 701 961 1,005 908 938 988 925

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 74 64 141 174 111 139 193 138

Accommodation and food services

656 675 637 820 831 797 799 795 787

Other services(1)

173 189 168 217 180 187 231 211 194

Government

480 511 499 325 380 365 323 357 362

Federal(1)

55 88 93 33 40 39 35 37 37

State and local

424 424 406 292 339 327 288 320 325

State and local education

150 147 139 139 160 165 151 162 150

State and local, excluding education(1)

274 276 267 153 180 162 137 157 174





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.6 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4

Total private

3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.7

Mining and logging(1)

2.1 1.6 2.5 3.2 4.6 4.1 4.3 4.6 3.5

Construction(1)

1.6 2.8 3.2 5.0 5.1 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.4

Manufacturing

2.5 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

Durable goods(1)

2.4 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods(1)

2.6 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.4 3.5 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8

Wholesale trade(1)

2.7 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.5 2.0

Retail trade

3.8 3.8 3.8 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.4 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.0 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.3 2.8 3.8

Information(1)

3.8 2.9 3.3 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.8

Financial activities

3.7 3.8 4.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.0

Finance and insurance

4.2 3.9 4.0 1.9 2.2 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

2.1 3.5 4.2 3.4 2.8 2.7 3.5 2.9 2.7

Professional and business services

5.3 4.8 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 5.0

Education and health services

4.6 4.4 4.5 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.4

Educational services(1)

2.6 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.3 1.9 2.4 2.1

Health care and social assistance

5.0 4.7 4.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

4.4 4.6 4.3 6.3 6.5 5.8 6.2 6.4 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.3 3.2 2.8 6.5 7.7 5.0 6.4 8.6 6.2

Accommodation and food services

4.8 4.8 4.6 6.3 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.9

Other services(1)

3.0 3.2 2.9 3.9 3.2 3.3 4.1 3.7 3.4

Government

2.1 2.3 2.2 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6

Federal(1)

2.0 3.0 3.2 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

2.2 2.1 2.1 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.7

State and local education

1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education(1)

2.9 3.0 2.9 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.9

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

5,360 5,514 5,643 5,831 5,453 5,486 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,880 4,986 5,115 5,284 4,941 4,987 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging(3)

17 11 12 13 11 17 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.6 2.5

Construction(3)

104 193 187 225 192 221 1.6 2.8 2.7 3.3 2.8 3.2

Manufacturing

312 350 361 379 326 334 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.7

Durable goods(3)

191 180 200 223 185 205 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.4 2.6

Nondurable goods(3)

120 170 160 156 141 130 2.6 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.0 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

954 970 986 1,046 997 978 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.5 3.4

Wholesale trade(3)

163 162 182 177 160 163 2.7 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.7

Retail trade

623 605 588 623 628 636 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

169 202 217 246 208 180 3.0 3.6 3.8 4.3 3.7 3.2

Information(3)

110 95 94 80 83 94 3.8 3.3 3.3 2.8 2.9 3.3

Financial activities

313 305 314 318 332 354 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.1

Finance and insurance

269 249 232 240 253 259 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.9 4.0

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

44 56 82 78 79 95 2.1 2.5 3.7 3.5 3.5 4.2

Professional and business services

1,111 1,032 1,104 1,212 1,022 1,055 5.3 4.9 5.2 5.6 4.8 4.9

Education and health services

1,080 1,073 1,127 1,073 1,041 1,063 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5

Educational services(3)

92 87 102 103 95 97 2.6 2.4 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.7

Health care and social assistance

989 985 1,025 970 946 967 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

706 791 741 747 749 701 4.4 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.6 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 87 91 94 74 64 2.3 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.2 2.8

Accommodation and food services

656 704 651 653 675 637 4.8 5.1 4.7 4.7 4.8 4.6

Other services(3)

173 167 188 191 189 168 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.2 2.9

Government

480 528 527 546 511 499 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2

Federal(3)

55 93 86 90 88 93 2.0 3.2 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.2

State and local

424 435 441 457 424 406 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1

State and local education

150 144 139 164 147 139 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.3

State and local, excluding education(3)

274 291 302 292 276 267 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

896 966 928 983 944 991 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6

South

2,015 1,995 2,166 2,119 1,961 2,042 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.9 3.6 3.7

Midwest

1,218 1,243 1,275 1,333 1,223 1,189 3.7 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.5

West

1,232 1,310 1,273 1,396 1,324 1,263 3.7 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

5,131 5,047 5,172 5,258 5,268 5,081 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,806 4,695 4,814 4,889 4,888 4,716 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8

Mining and logging

25 20 23 23 31 28 3.2 2.9 3.4 3.4 4.6 4.1

Construction

324 325 281 328 337 310 5.0 4.9 4.2 4.9 5.1 4.6

Manufacturing

279 268 281 276 274 269 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

175 160 161 163 152 159 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1

Nondurable goods

104 108 119 113 122 110 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,060 1,019 1,038 1,059 1,091 1,100 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0

Wholesale trade

133 142 144 135 160 137 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.3

Retail trade

744 710 719 750 752 771 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

183 167 175 174 179 191 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.5

Information

83 69 76 77 71 72 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6

Financial activities

188 192 197 183 192 173 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.1

Finance and insurance

117 130 130 118 133 114 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

71 62 67 65 59 59 3.4 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7

Professional and business services

1,058 987 1,003 1,162 1,072 1,077 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.7 5.3 5.3

Education and health services

610 644 654 626 634 592 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.6

Educational services

80 102 96 84 92 81 2.3 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.3

Health care and social assistance

529 541 558 542 543 511 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

961 986 1,024 1,001 1,005 908 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.5 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

141 146 180 160 174 111 6.5 6.6 8.0 7.1 7.7 5.0

Accommodation and food services

820 840 844 840 831 797 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.0

Other services

217 187 238 156 180 187 3.9 3.3 4.2 2.7 3.2 3.3

Government

325 352 358 368 380 365 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6

Federal

33 41 38 41 40 39 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

292 311 320 328 339 327 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

State and local education

139 160 163 168 160 165 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6

State and local, excluding education

153 151 156 159 180 162 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

814 777 859 805 895 787 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.3 2.9

South

2,033 1,907 1,889 2,056 2,002 1,984 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.8

Midwest

1,122 1,152 1,187 1,187 1,182 1,139 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5

West

1,162 1,211 1,237 1,210 1,189 1,171 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

4,956 4,978 4,964 4,991 5,052 4,914 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,633 4,642 4,612 4,665 4,696 4,552 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7

Mining and logging

34 26 28 25 31 24 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.6 3.5

Construction

316 338 293 294 327 291 4.9 5.1 4.4 4.4 4.9 4.4

Manufacturing

272 294 264 263 268 268 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

168 183 160 160 157 162 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

103 111 103 103 111 106 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,022 1,010 1,047 1,068 1,009 1,040 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8

Wholesale trade

124 132 138 146 147 120 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.0

Retail trade

718 706 711 750 707 714 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

180 173 198 172 156 206 3.3 3.2 3.6 3.1 2.8 3.8

Information

81 75 68 81 72 77 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.8

Financial activities

186 186 177 173 186 169 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.0

Finance and insurance

114 126 118 107 123 112 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

73 60 58 66 63 57 3.5 2.8 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.7

Professional and business services

1,012 966 943 1,045 1,008 1,009 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.2 5.0 5.0

Education and health services

542 593 618 584 595 555 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.4

Educational services

66 92 102 93 85 74 1.9 2.6 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.1

Health care and social assistance

476 501 517 491 510 481 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

938 969 950 944 988 925 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.4 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

139 155 155 140 193 138 6.4 7.0 6.9 6.2 8.6 6.2

Accommodation and food services

799 815 795 804 795 787 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.1 6.0 5.9

Other services

231 184 224 188 211 194 4.1 3.2 3.9 3.3 3.7 3.4

Government

323 335 352 326 357 362 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.6

Federal

35 32 34 36 37 37 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3

State and local

288 303 317 289 320 325 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7

State and local education

151 146 164 132 162 150 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.6 1.5

State and local, excluding education

137 157 153 158 157 174 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

785 749 787 848 876 807 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.0

South

1,967 1,946 1,885 2,003 1,960 1,894 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.6

Midwest

1,061 1,139 1,115 1,068 1,052 1,030 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2

West

1,143 1,143 1,176 1,072 1,164 1,183 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.5 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

2,748 2,942 2,979 2,977 3,009 3,070 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,601 2,775 2,785 2,807 2,847 2,873 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3

Mining and logging

15 12 13 12 13 14 2.0 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1

Construction

133 120 110 128 137 115 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.7

Manufacturing

144 142 136 143 140 147 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2

Durable goods

88 80 77 80 76 85 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1

Nondurable goods

57 62 59 63 64 62 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

620 623 649 653 651 677 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5

Wholesale trade

83 67 89 95 90 76 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.3

Retail trade

446 462 459 467 475 473 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

90 94 101 90 85 128 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.6 2.3

Information

43 36 36 40 38 53 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.9

Financial activities

97 112 103 100 105 87 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.0

Finance and insurance

61 74 71 63 68 57 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

36 38 32 37 37 30 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.4

Professional and business services

486 547 542 565 598 601 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0

Education and health services

342 405 410 398 375 389 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7

Educational services

35 53 51 51 51 43 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.2

Health care and social assistance

308 352 359 347 324 346 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

608 678 645 635 639 675 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

55 65 58 63 63 70 2.5 3.0 2.6 2.8 2.8 3.1

Accommodation and food services

552 612 587 573 576 605 4.2 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.5

Other services(3)

114 100 140 133 150 113 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.0

Government

147 168 194 170 162 198 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9

Federal

12 11 13 13 13 13 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

134 156 181 156 149 184 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.0

State and local education

72 70 96 69 76 86 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.8

State and local, excluding education

62 86 85 87 73 98 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.1

REGION(4)

Northeast

393 394 407 442 433 432 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6

South

1,126 1,197 1,199 1,206 1,214 1,248 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4

Midwest

621 691 660 644 625 631 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9

West

608 661 713 685 737 759 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

1,842 1,701 1,622 1,639 1,692 1,474 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,737 1,594 1,529 1,542 1,557 1,371 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1

Mining and logging(3)

15 10 11 8 13 8 1.9 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.9 1.1

Construction

175 204 168 146 171 158 2.7 3.1 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.4

Manufacturing

108 131 106 95 110 98 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

67 92 70 64 70 63 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

41 39 36 32 40 36 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

301 301 311 331 276 280 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0

Wholesale trade(3)

25 59 37 40 48 34 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

204 177 189 222 175 188 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.1 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

72 65 85 68 54 58 1.3 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.1

Information

26 30 24 30 24 15 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.5

Financial activities

73 53 51 47 51 54 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

Finance and insurance

40 36 30 24 32 32 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

33 17 20 23 18 22 1.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0

Professional and business services

471 368 340 413 358 348 2.4 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.7

Education and health services

152 157 167 140 179 118 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5

Educational services

25 33 37 34 26 26 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.7

Health care and social assistance

128 123 130 106 153 92 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

303 261 281 278 317 215 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

80 84 95 76 125 65 3.6 3.8 4.2 3.3 5.5 2.9

Accommodation and food services

224 177 186 203 192 151 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.1

Other services

112 80 71 54 58 75 2.0 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.3

Government

106 107 93 97 134 103 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5

Federal

8 11 11 12 13 13 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local

98 97 83 85 122 90 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5

State and local education

50 49 42 42 64 41 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4

State and local, excluding education

48 47 41 43 58 49 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

323 307 328 337 372 304 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.1

South

689 615 539 644 601 496 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.9

Midwest

379 372 383 354 356 326 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0

West

451 408 372 304 362 347 1.4 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

365 334 363 375 351 370 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

295 274 298 316 291 309 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

3 5 3 5 5 2 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.3

Construction(3)

8 15 15 21 19 18 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Manufacturing

19 21 22 24 18 22 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

13 11 13 16 11 14 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

6 10 8 8 7 8 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101 87 87 84 82 82 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

15 6 12 10 9 10 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

68 68 63 60 57 53 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

18 13 12 14 16 19 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4

Information(3)

12 9 9 11 10 10 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4

Financial activities

17 21 23 26 31 28 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

13 16 17 19 23 23 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

4 5 6 7 7 5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

55 51 61 67 52 59 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

47 31 42 46 40 48 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

7 6 14 9 7 5 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Health care and social assistance(3)

40 26 28 38 33 42 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 31 24 31 32 34 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

4 5 2 2 5 3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services(3)

23 26 22 29 27 31 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

5 4 13 1 3 6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1

Government

70 60 65 59 60 61 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

15 10 11 11 11 11 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

55 50 54 47 49 50 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

State and local education

29 27 27 20 22 24 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

27 23 27 27 27 27 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

69 48 53 69 71 70 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

151 134 147 153 145 149 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

61 77 72 70 70 73 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

84 75 91 83 65 78 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

5,343 5,564 5,445 3.6 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,873 5,028 4,952 3.9 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging

17 11 17 2.1 1.5 2.5

Construction

104 192 221 1.5 2.7 3.1

Manufacturing

312 326 334 2.5 2.6 2.6

Durable goods

191 185 205 2.4 2.3 2.6

Nondurable goods

120 141 130 2.5 2.9 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,028 1,041 1,047 3.7 3.7 3.7

Wholesale trade

163 160 163 2.7 2.6 2.7

Retail trade

697 673 705 4.3 4.0 4.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

169 208 180 3.0 3.7 3.2

Information

110 83 94 3.8 2.9 3.3

Financial activities

305 323 348 3.6 3.7 4.0

Finance and insurance

261 244 253 4.1 3.8 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

44 79 95 2.1 3.5 4.2

Professional and business services

1,075 1,021 1,013 5.1 4.8 4.7

Education and health services

1,060 1,058 1,047 4.6 4.5 4.4

Educational services

92 95 97 2.6 2.9 2.7

Health care and social assistance

969 963 950 4.9 4.8 4.7

Leisure and hospitality

689 784 661 4.3 4.6 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

41 84 47 1.8 3.2 2.0

Accommodation and food services

648 700 615 4.7 4.9 4.4

Other services

173 189 168 3.0 3.2 2.9

Government

470 536 494 2.1 2.5 2.2

Federal

55 88 93 2.0 3.0 3.2

State and local

415 449 401 2.1 2.4 2.0

State and local education

141 172 134 1.4 1.9 1.3

State and local, excluding education

274 276 267 3.0 2.9 2.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

896 1,002 1,009 3.3 3.6 3.6

South

1,990 1,946 2,013 3.7 3.6 3.7

Midwest

1,244 1,267 1,189 3.8 3.8 3.5

West

1,213 1,349 1,235 3.6 3.9 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

5,273 5,853 5,186 3.7 4.1 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,872 5,202 4,743 4.0 4.2 3.9

Mining and logging

24 31 28 3.0 4.5 4.0

Construction

308 335 284 4.6 4.8 4.1

Manufacturing

286 295 277 2.3 2.4 2.3

Durable goods

174 162 160 2.2 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

112 133 117 2.4 2.9 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,041 1,123 1,102 3.9 4.1 4.0

Wholesale trade

139 161 140 2.4 2.7 2.4

Retail trade

712 781 748 4.6 4.9 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

191 181 213 3.5 3.3 3.9

Information

78 71 67 2.8 2.6 2.4

Financial activities

186 193 165 2.3 2.3 2.0

Finance and insurance

114 133 108 1.9 2.2 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

72 60 57 3.4 2.7 2.7

Professional and business services

1,026 1,100 1,041 5.2 5.4 5.1

Education and health services

714 819 679 3.2 3.7 3.0

Educational services

146 178 140 4.3 5.5 4.0

Health care and social assistance

569 642 539 3.0 3.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

983 1,071 906 6.4 6.6 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

132 139 101 5.9 5.5 4.4

Accommodation and food services

851 932 805 6.5 6.8 6.0

Other services

225 163 195 4.0 2.8 3.4

Government

401 652 443 1.8 3.1 2.0

Federal

32 39 36 1.2 1.4 1.3

State and local

369 613 407 1.9 3.3 2.1

State and local education

238 445 270 2.3 4.9 2.6

State and local, excluding education

131 168 138 1.5 1.8 1.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

932 933 885 3.5 3.5 3.3

South

2,003 2,321 1,960 3.9 4.4 3.7

Midwest

1,118 1,303 1,128 3.5 4.0 3.5

West

1,221 1,296 1,213 3.8 3.9 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

5,341 6,105 5,238 3.7 4.2 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,978 5,584 4,823 4.1 4.5 3.9

Mining and logging

36 34 26 4.5 5.0 3.8

Construction

320 370 286 4.8 5.3 4.2

Manufacturing

300 344 293 2.4 2.8 2.4

Durable goods

181 201 172 2.3 2.6 2.2

Nondurable goods

120 142 121 2.6 3.1 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,013 1,151 1,040 3.8 4.2 3.8

Wholesale trade

132 164 125 2.2 2.7 2.1

Retail trade

710 827 708 4.6 5.2 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

171 160 206 3.1 2.9 3.8

Information

80 82 76 2.9 2.9 2.8

Financial activities

180 224 163 2.2 2.7 2.0

Finance and insurance

111 158 106 1.8 2.6 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

69 65 57 3.3 3.0 2.6

Professional and business services

1,020 1,139 1,003 5.1 5.6 4.9

Education and health services

574 731 570 2.6 3.3 2.5

Educational services

73 137 74 2.2 4.3 2.1

Health care and social assistance

501 593 496 2.7 3.1 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,199 1,273 1,145 7.8 7.8 7.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

257 269 240 11.5 10.6 10.4

Accommodation and food services

942 1,003 905 7.2 7.3 6.7

Other services

256 237 219 4.6 4.1 3.8

Government

363 521 415 1.7 2.5 1.9

Federal

37 40 39 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

326 481 376 1.7 2.6 1.9

State and local education

131 231 133 1.3 2.6 1.3

State and local, excluding education

195 249 243 2.2 2.7 2.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

950 1,106 959 3.6 4.1 3.6

South

2,015 2,360 1,930 3.9 4.5 3.7

Midwest

1,159 1,308 1,093 3.6 4.1 3.4

West

1,217 1,331 1,256 3.8 4.0 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

2,929 3,851 3,270 2.1 2.7 2.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,776 3,595 3,059 2.3 2.9 2.5

Mining and logging

17 17 17 2.2 2.5 2.5

Construction

140 187 117 2.1 2.7 1.7

Manufacturing

161 198 164 1.3 1.6 1.3

Durable goods

95 105 94 1.2 1.4 1.2

Nondurable goods

66 93 71 1.4 2.0 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

662 811 727 2.5 3.0 2.7

Wholesale trade

92 106 80 1.6 1.8 1.3

Retail trade

478 603 508 3.1 3.8 3.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

92 102 139 1.7 1.9 2.5

Information

42 50 53 1.5 1.8 1.9

Financial activities

100 130 85 1.2 1.5 1.0

Finance and insurance

64 92 55 1.1 1.5 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

36 37 30 1.7 1.7 1.4

Professional and business services

481 726 597 2.4 3.6 2.9

Education and health services

361 478 402 1.6 2.1 1.8

Educational services

43 89 49 1.3 2.8 1.4

Health care and social assistance

318 389 354 1.7 2.0 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

699 848 784 4.5 5.2 5.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 113 99 3.4 4.4 4.3

Accommodation and food services

622 736 685 4.7 5.4 5.1

Other services

114 150 113 2.0 2.6 2.0

Government

153 256 211 0.7 1.2 1.0

Federal

14 18 14 0.5 0.6 0.5

State and local

140 238 197 0.7 1.3 1.0

State and local education

72 124 87 0.7 1.4 0.8

State and local, excluding education

68 113 111 0.8 1.2 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

464 587 511 1.8 2.2 1.9

South

1,153 1,528 1,282 2.2 2.9 2.4

Midwest

673 835 673 2.1 2.6 2.1

West

640 901 804 2.0 2.7 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

2,056 1,891 1,610 1.4 1.3 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,911 1,689 1,462 1.6 1.4 1.2

Mining and logging

15 13 8 1.9 1.9 1.1

Construction

172 164 151 2.6 2.4 2.2

Manufacturing

122 127 108 1.0 1.0 0.9

Durable goods

74 85 67 1.0 1.1 0.9

Nondurable goods

48 42 42 1.0 0.9 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

248 248 231 0.9 0.9 0.8

Wholesale trade

25 48 34 0.4 0.8 0.6

Retail trade

162 158 150 1.0 1.0 0.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

61 42 47 1.1 0.8 0.9

Information

25 22 14 0.9 0.8 0.5

Financial activities

64 63 51 0.8 0.7 0.6

Finance and insurance

35 42 29 0.6 0.7 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

29 21 22 1.4 0.9 1.0

Professional and business services

487 362 350 2.5 1.8 1.7

Education and health services

166 213 120 0.8 0.9 0.5

Educational services

23 41 21 0.7 1.3 0.6

Health care and social assistance

143 171 99 0.8 0.9 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

474 392 327 3.1 2.4 2.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

177 152 137 7.9 6.0 6.0

Accommodation and food services

297 241 190 2.3 1.8 1.4

Other services

138 85 100 2.5 1.5 1.8

Government

145 202 148 0.7 1.0 0.7

Federal

9 11 15 0.3 0.4 0.5

State and local

136 190 133 0.7 1.0 0.7

State and local education

36 80 28 0.4 0.9 0.3

State and local, excluding education

100 110 106 1.1 1.2 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

410 447 371 1.6 1.7 1.4

South

723 685 512 1.4 1.3 1.0

Midwest

426 394 348 1.3 1.2 1.1

West

497 365 378 1.5 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)
Sept.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016(p)

Total

356 364 357 0.2 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

291 301 301 0.2 0.2 0.2

Mining and logging

3 4 2 0.4 0.6 0.2

Construction

8 19 18 0.1 0.3 0.3

Manufacturing

18 18 20 0.1 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

11 11 12 0.1 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

6 7 8 0.1 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

103 92 81 0.4 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

15 10 12 0.3 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

70 65 50 0.4 0.4 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

18 16 19 0.3 0.3 0.4

Information

12 10 10 0.4 0.4 0.4

Financial activities

16 31 27 0.2 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

12 24 23 0.2 0.4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

4 7 5 0.2 0.3 0.2

Professional and business services

52 51 56 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

47 40 48 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

7 7 5 0.2 0.2 0.1

Health care and social assistance

40 33 42 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

27 32 34 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4 5 3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

23 27 31 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

5 3 6 0.1 0.1 0.1

Government

65 63 56 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

15 10 11 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local

50 53 45 0.3 0.3 0.2

State and local education

23 26 19 0.2 0.3 0.2

State and local, excluding education

27 26 27 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

76 71 76 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

139 148 136 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

60 79 72 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

81 66 73 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: November 08, 2016