Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, March 10, 2015	USDL-15-0385

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JANUARY 2015

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of January, little changed from 4.9 million 
in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires decreased to 5.0 million in 
January and separations were little changed at 4.8 million. Within separations, the quits rate was little 
changed at 2.0 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was unchanged at 1.2 percent. This release 
includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector 
by industry and by four geographic regions. The release also includes 2014 annual estimates for hires 
and separations. The annual number of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations 
increased in 2014.

Job Openings

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of January, little changed from December. 
This was the highest level of job openings since January 2001. The job openings rate for January was 
3.4 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and government in January. 
Job openings increased for accommodation and food services and in the West region. (See table 1.)
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                                 Revisions to the JOLTS Data                                          |
|Effective with this release, revisions to data from January 2010 forward incorporate annual updates to|
|the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the Job Openings and Labor Turnover        |
|Survey seasonal adjustment factors. See page 4 for more information on the revisions.                 |
|______________________________________________________________________________________________________|

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in January 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for many 
industries including professional and business services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. Job openings decreased over the year in mining and logging. The 
number of openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 5.0 million hires in January, down from December. The hires rate in January was 3.5 
percent. The number of hires decreased for total private in January and was little changed in 
government. Hires decreased over the month in construction and in the Northeast region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in January, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. Hires increased over the year in retail 
trade and in finance and insurance. Hires decreased over the year in educational services. In the regions, 
hires increased over the year in the Midwest. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.8 million total separations in January, little changed from December. The separations rate 
was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and government, 
and in all four regions. (See table 3.)

There were 2.8 million quits in January, little changed from December. The quits rate in January was 
2.0 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and unchanged for government over 
the month. Quits increased in January in professional and business services and in health care and social 
assistance. The number of quits increased in the Midwest region. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in January for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. Over the year, quits increased for 
several industries, including the professional and business services and the accommodation and food 
services industries. The number of quits increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 10.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in January, little changed from December. The layoffs 
and discharges rate was 1.2 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the 
month for total private and government, and in all four regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in January for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges increased in mining and logging, construction, and federal government. The number 
decreased over the year in finance and insurance; educational services; and health care and social 
assistance. Layoffs and discharges was little changed in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In January, there were 354,000 other separations for total nonfarm, a decrease from December. Over 
the month, the number of other separations decreased for total private to 287,000 and was little changed 
for government at 67,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not 
available for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in January, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was 
little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations increased over the year 
in retail trade and educational services. The number decreased in wholesale trade, information, and 
federal government. Other separations increased in the West region but decreased in the Midwest region. 
(See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in January 2015, hires totaled 59.1 
million and separations totaled 56.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 3.1 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

Annual Levels and Rates

This release contains the 2014 annual levels and rates for hires, total separations, quits, layoffs and 
discharges, and other separations. Note that annual figures for job openings are not calculated because 
job openings are measured on a stock, or point-in-time, basis rather than on a flow basis over a specified 
time period. The annual figures and additional tables are published with the release of January data each 
year. (See the Technical Note for additional information on these measures.)

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons across years. In 2014, annual levels 
for hires, quits, and other separations rose for the fourth consecutive year. The layoffs and discharges 
annual level rose in 2014 after declining in 2013.

In 2014, annual hires increased to 58.7 million (42.2 percent of employment) and annual total 
separations rose to 55.5 million (39.9 percent of employment). Annual quits increased to 30.5 million 
(22.0 percent of employment) in 2014. Annual layoffs and discharges increased in 2014 to 20.4 million 
(14.7 percent of employment). Annual other separations rose in 2014 to 4.6 million (3.3 percent of 
employment). (See tables 13 through 22.)
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2015 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, April 7, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
          Category             | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                               | 2014 | 2014 | 2015p| 2014 | 2014 | 2015p| 2014 | 2014 | 2015p
-------------------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     LEVELS BY INDUSTRY        |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
       (in thousands)          |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|3,906 |4,877 |4,998 |4,600 |5,239 |4,996 |4,473 |4,901 |4,821 
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|3,518 |4,396 |4,523 |4,317 |4,920 |4,686 |4,172 |4,593 |4,495
  Construction.................|  131 |  140 |  120 |  295 |  438 |  364 |  237 |  393 |  332
  Manufacturing................|  263 |  310 |  330 |  248 |  276 |  262 |  236 |  253 |  252
   Durable goods...............|  166 |  195 |  202 |  143 |  164 |  157 |  137 |  146 |  145
   Nondurable goods............|   96 |  115 |  127 |  106 |  112 |  105 |  100 |  108 |  107
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  670 |  831 |  876 |  947 |1,118 |1,087 |  973 |1,079 |1,074
   Retail trade................|  381 |  516 |  516 |  627 |  787 |  768 |  669 |  767 |  738
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  644 |  967 |  927 |  961 |1,040 |1,022 |  923 |  942 |  984
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  721 |  923 |  889 |  571 |  602 |  559 |  573 |  541 |  529
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  646 |  837 |  801 |  482 |  528 |  497 |  487 |  470 |  464
  Leisure and hospitality......|  599 |  651 |  755 |  819 |  930 |  881 |  788 |  881 |  845
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|   88 |   65 |   66 |  132 |  137 |  147 |  126 |  131 |  148
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  512 |  586 |  689 |  687 |  793 |  734 |  661 |  750 |  698
 Government(4).................|  388 |  482 |  475 |  283 |  319 |  310 |  301 |  308 |  327
  State and local..............|  339 |  409 |  422 |  258 |  289 |  276 |  256 |  280 |  276
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
     RATES BY INDUSTRY         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
         (percent)             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|  2.8 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  3.3 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.2 |  3.5 |  3.4
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|  2.9 |  3.6 |  3.7 |  3.7 |  4.1 |  3.9 |  3.6 |  3.9 |  3.8
  Construction.................|  2.1 |  2.2 |  1.9 |  4.9 |  7.0 |  5.8 |  3.9 |  6.3 |  5.3
  Manufacturing................|  2.1 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  2.0
   Durable goods...............|  2.1 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  1.9 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  1.9
   Nondurable goods............|  2.1 |  2.5 |  2.7 |  2.3 |  2.5 |  2.3 |  2.2 |  2.4 |  2.4
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  2.5 |  3.0 |  3.2 |  3.6 |  4.2 |  4.1 |  3.7 |  4.0 |  4.0
   Retail trade................|  2.4 |  3.2 |  3.2 |  4.1 |  5.1 |  4.9 |  4.4 |  4.9 |  4.7
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  3.3 |  4.7 |  4.5 |  5.1 |  5.3 |  5.2 |  4.9 |  4.8 |  5.0
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  3.3 |  4.1 |  3.9 |  2.7 |  2.8 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  2.5 |  2.4
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  3.5 |  4.4 |  4.2 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.6 |  2.5
  Leisure and hospitality......|  4.0 |  4.2 |  4.8 |  5.7 |  6.2 |  5.9 |  5.4 |  5.9 |  5.6
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|  4.0 |  3.0 |  3.0 |  6.4 |  6.4 |  6.9 |  6.1 |  6.1 |  6.9
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  4.0 |  4.4 |  5.1 |  5.5 |  6.2 |  5.7 |  5.3 |  5.9 |  5.4
 Government(4).................|  1.7 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  1.3 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.5
  State and local..............|  1.7 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  1.4 |  1.5 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.5 |  1.4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not
shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown
separately.
  3 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  4 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p Preliminary
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment
factors.


                    Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have 
been revised to reflect annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES), or establishment 
survey, employment estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not published) are ratio-adjusted to the 
CES employment levels, and the resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual 
benchmark process resulted in revisions to all not seasonally adjusted JOLTS data series from April 
2013 forward, the time period since the last benchmark was established. Additionally, the seasonally 
adjusted JOLTS data series have been recalculated from January 2010 forward to reflect updated 
seasonal adjustment factors. Further, the methodology incorporated in 2009 to more closely align the 
hires and separations estimates with the monthly payroll employment change created a dependency of 
the not seasonally adjusted estimates on the seasonal adjustment process. Therefore, the not seasonally 
adjusted data series have been recalculated from January 2010 forward to reflect the updated seasonal 
adjustment factors’ effect on the alignment process.

Tables B through G below present revised total nonfarm data for January through December 2014. The 
December 2014 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into the 
final December estimates. Tables presenting revisions to total nonfarm data for January 2010 through 
December 2013 will be available later today on the JOLTS website. The website also contains all 
revised seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data. The revision tables and data can be 
accessed through the JOLTS homepage at //www.bls.gov/jlt.


Table B. Revisions in job openings data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    3,874   |  3,906  |     32     |     2.7    |  2.8    |    0.1
February..|    4,125   |  4,160  |     35     |     2.9    |  2.9    |     .0
March.....|    4,166   |  4,210  |     44     |     2.9    |  3.0    |     .1
April.....|    4,464   |  4,417  |    -47     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
May.......|    4,577   |  4,608  |     31     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
June......|    4,675   |  4,710  |     35     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
July......|    4,605   |  4,726  |    121     |     3.2    |  3.3    |     .1
August....|    4,853   |  4,925  |     72     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
September.|    4,685   |  4,678  |     -7     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
October...|    4,830   |  4,849  |     19     |     3.3    |  3.4    |     .1
November..|    4,847   |  4,886  |     39     |     3.3    |  3.4    |     .1
December..|    5,028   |  4,877  |   -151     |     3.5    |  3.4    |    -.1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table C. Revisions in hires data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,516   |  4,600  |     84     |     3.3    |  3.3    |    0.0
February..|    4,699   |  4,698  |     -1     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
March.....|    4,706   |  4,744  |     38     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
April.....|    4,770   |  4,790  |     20     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
May.......|    4,738   |  4,805  |     67     |     3.4    |  3.5    |     .1
June......|    4,791   |  4,820  |     29     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
July......|    4,934   |  5,003  |     69     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
August....|    4,742   |  4,792  |     50     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
September.|    5,075   |  5,061  |    -14     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
October...|    5,101   |  5,106  |      5     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
November..|    5,054   |  5,026  |    -28     |     3.6    |  3.6    |     .0
December..|    5,148   |  5,239  |     91     |     3.7    |  3.7    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table D. Revisions in total separations data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,419   |  4,473  |     54     |     3.2    |  3.2    |    0.0
February..|    4,459   |  4,486  |     27     |     3.2    |  3.3    |     .1
March.....|    4,491   |  4,519  |     28     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
April.....|    4,550   |  4,522  |    -28     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
May.......|    4,530   |  4,543  |     13     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
June......|    4,520   |  4,523  |      3     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
July......|    4,629   |  4,711  |     82     |     3.3    |  3.4    |     .1
August....|    4,531   |  4,569  |     38     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
September.|    4,809   |  4,829  |     20     |     3.4    |  3.5    |     .1
October...|    4,863   |  4,906  |     43     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
November..|    4,700   |  4,628  |    -72     |     3.4    |  3.3    |    -.1
December..|    4,886   |  4,901  |     15     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table E. Revisions in quits data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,368   |  2,384  |     16     |     1.7    |  1.7    |    0.0
February..|    2,475   |  2,438  |    -37     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
March.....|    2,461   |  2,430  |    -31     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
April.....|    2,467   |  2,413  |    -54     |     1.8    |  1.7    |    -.1
May.......|    2,487   |  2,494  |      7     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
June......|    2,484   |  2,469  |    -15     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
July......|    2,547   |  2,542  |     -5     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
August....|    2,510   |  2,516  |      6     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
September.|    2,735   |  2,733  |     -2     |     2.0    |  2.0    |     .0
October...|    2,712   |  2,746  |     34     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
November..|    2,661   |  2,662  |      1     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
December..|    2,717   |  2,715  |     -2     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table F. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    1,703   |  1,752  |     49     |     1.2    |  1.3    |    0.1
February..|    1,596   |  1,671  |     75     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
March.....|    1,638   |  1,684  |     46     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
April.....|    1,701   |  1,703  |      2     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
May.......|    1,656   |  1,659  |      3     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
June......|    1,657   |  1,700  |     43     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
July......|    1,726   |  1,827  |    101     |     1.2    |  1.3    |     .1
August....|    1,619   |  1,663  |     44     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
September.|    1,653   |  1,694  |     41     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
October...|    1,757   |  1,745  |    -12     |     1.3    |  1.2    |    -.1
November..|    1,655   |  1,595  |    -60     |     1.2    |  1.1    |    -.1
December..|    1,726   |  1,725  |     -1     |     1.2    |  1.2    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table G. Revisions in other separations data January 2014 - December 2014,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2014   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      348   |    337  |    -11     |     0.3    |  0.2    |   -0.1
February..|      388   |    377  |    -11     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
March.....|      392   |    405  |     13     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
April.....|      382   |    406  |     24     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
May.......|      387   |    390  |      3     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
June......|      378   |    354  |    -24     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
July......|      356   |    343  |    -13     |      .3    |   .2    |    -.1
August....|      402   |    390  |    -12     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
September.|      420   |    402  |    -18     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
October...|      394   |    414  |     20     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
November..|      384   |    371  |    -13     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
December..|      443   |    461  |     18     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

3,906 4,678 4,849 4,886 4,877 4,998 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,518 4,195 4,440 4,424 4,396 4,523 2.9 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7

Construction

131 103 139 130 140 120 2.1 1.6 2.2 2.0 2.2 1.9

Manufacturing

263 292 283 332 310 330 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.6

Durable goods

166 178 180 206 195 202 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.5

Nondurable goods

96 114 103 126 115 127 2.1 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

670 834 873 850 831 876 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2

Retail trade

381 511 500 497 516 516 2.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2

Professional and business services

644 861 964 1,009 967 927 3.3 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.5

Education and health services(6)

721 872 854 825 923 889 3.3 3.9 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.9

Health care and social assistance

646 771 769 752 837 801 3.5 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

599 662 698 616 651 755 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.0 4.2 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

88 52 54 44 65 66 4.0 2.4 2.5 2.0 3.0 3.0

Accommodation and food services

512 610 644 571 586 689 4.0 4.6 4.8 4.3 4.4 5.1

Government(7)

388 483 409 462 482 475 1.7 2.2 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1

State and local

339 419 355 400 409 422 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2

REGION(8)

Northeast

623 787 757 791 817 841 2.4 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1

South

1,420 1,823 1,876 1,889 1,902 1,882 2.8 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6

Midwest

894 1,027 1,065 1,109 1,086 1,090 2.8 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.3

West

969 1,041 1,150 1,097 1,072 1,185 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

4,600 5,061 5,106 5,026 5,239 4,996 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,317 4,719 4,802 4,714 4,920 4,686 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1 3.9

Construction

295 291 322 326 438 364 4.9 4.7 5.2 5.2 7.0 5.8

Manufacturing

248 279 286 269 276 262 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

Durable goods

143 162 174 158 164 157 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0

Nondurable goods

106 116 112 111 112 105 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

947 1,018 1,129 1,123 1,118 1,087 3.6 3.8 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.1

Retail trade

627 690 779 774 787 768 4.1 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.9

Professional and business services

961 1,116 1,085 968 1,040 1,022 5.1 5.8 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.2

Education and health services(6)

571 635 601 578 602 559 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.6

Health care and social assistance

482 540 518 512 528 497 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

819 886 903 908 930 881 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.2 5.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

132 139 149 135 137 147 6.4 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.4 6.9

Accommodation and food services

687 747 754 774 793 734 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.2 5.7

Government(7)

283 342 303 312 319 310 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4

State and local

258 311 275 268 289 276 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

701 813 765 761 819 691 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.6

South

1,860 1,961 2,020 1,987 2,072 2,006 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.1 3.9

Midwest

955 1,129 1,150 1,217 1,170 1,199 3.1 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.8

West

1,084 1,158 1,170 1,061 1,177 1,100 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

4,473 4,829 4,906 4,628 4,901 4,821 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,172 4,519 4,586 4,338 4,593 4,495 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.8

Construction

237 280 303 298 393 332 3.9 4.5 4.9 4.8 6.3 5.3

Manufacturing

236 262 258 224 253 252 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.0

Durable goods

137 145 148 126 146 145 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.9

Nondurable goods

100 117 110 98 108 107 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

973 994 1,060 1,043 1,079 1,074 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.0

Retail trade

669 688 735 729 767 738 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.7

Professional and business services

923 1,047 1,064 906 942 984 4.9 5.4 5.5 4.7 4.8 5.0

Education and health services(6)

573 577 587 522 541 529 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.4

Health care and social assistance

487 497 502 454 470 464 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

788 877 841 838 881 845 5.4 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

126 142 133 131 131 148 6.1 6.7 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.9

Accommodation and food services

661 735 708 707 750 698 5.3 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.9 5.4

Government(7)

301 310 320 289 308 327 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5

State and local

256 278 285 254 280 276 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

755 745 786 661 844 786 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.5 3.2 3.0

South

1,735 1,968 1,957 1,875 1,989 1,944 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.8

Midwest

969 1,050 1,079 1,062 976 1,011 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2

West

1,015 1,066 1,083 1,030 1,092 1,081 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

2,384 2,733 2,746 2,662 2,715 2,799 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,257 2,570 2,591 2,528 2,572 2,655 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2

Construction

92 120 105 94 144 135 1.5 1.9 1.7 1.5 2.3 2.1

Manufacturing

112 130 126 113 135 138 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.1

Durable goods

59 73 77 57 77 84 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.0 1.1

Nondurable goods

54 57 49 56 58 54 1.2 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

562 575 615 637 650 617 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3

Retail trade

428 407 449 462 459 448 2.8 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9

Professional and business services

476 540 537 433 444 555 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.2 2.3 2.8

Education and health services(6)

307 344 360 346 336 359 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6

Health care and social assistance

271 308 311 308 297 326 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

482 566 563 611 588 572 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.1 3.9 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 52 54 54 49 60 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.8

Accommodation and food services

434 514 510 557 540 512 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.2 4.0

Government(7)

128 163 155 134 144 144 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

State and local

117 152 143 122 133 132 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

332 367 374 368 422 384 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.5

South

1,004 1,127 1,180 1,120 1,169 1,171 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3

Midwest

511 635 566 589 528 608 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.9

West

537 604 627 585 596 635 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

1,752 1,694 1,745 1,595 1,725 1,669 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,648 1,612 1,656 1,494 1,623 1,552 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

104 83 89 101 102 116 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

358 299 335 232 355 336 1.4 1.1 1.3 0.9 1.4 1.3

South

610 661 605 613 617 629 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

Midwest

375 354 438 396 358 357 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.1

West

410 380 367 354 394 347 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

337 402 414 371 461 354 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

268 338 339 316 399 287 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

69 64 75 54 62 67 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.
NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

3,966 4,373 5,053 2.8 3.0 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,613 3,913 4,621 3.1 3.2 3.8

Mining and logging

31 19 13 3.5 2.1 1.5

Construction

128 97 117 2.2 1.5 1.9

Manufacturing

256 275 322 2.1 2.2 2.6

Durable goods

161 176 198 2.1 2.2 2.5

Nondurable goods

94 99 124 2.1 2.1 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

677 707 885 2.5 2.5 3.2

Wholesale trade

149 152 187 2.5 2.5 3.1

Retail trade

361 411 493 2.3 2.5 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

167 144 205 3.2 2.6 3.8

Information

107 96 120 3.8 3.3 4.2

Financial activities

248 244 359 3.1 2.9 4.3

Finance and insurance

203 191 277 3.3 3.1 4.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

45 53 82 2.2 2.5 3.9

Professional and business services

712 927 990 3.7 4.5 4.9

Education and health services

742 871 916 3.4 3.8 4.1

Educational services

73 78 86 2.2 2.2 2.5

Health care and social assistance

669 793 830 3.6 4.1 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

556 527 712 3.9 3.5 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

89 48 70 4.6 2.4 3.5

Accommodation and food services

467 478 643 3.8 3.7 4.9

Other services

155 149 187 2.8 2.6 3.3

Government

353 460 432 1.6 2.0 1.9

Federal

43 70 45 1.5 2.5 1.6

State and local

310 390 387 1.6 2.0 2.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

626 700 840 2.4 2.6 3.1

South

1,500 1,746 1,974 3.0 3.3 3.8

Midwest

852 1,000 1,039 2.7 3.0 3.2

West

987 926 1,200 3.1 2.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

4,398 3,750 4,743 3.2 2.7 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,141 3,549 4,464 3.6 3.0 3.8

Mining and logging

35 21 36 4.0 2.3 4.0

Construction

260 252 320 4.6 4.1 5.4

Manufacturing

257 181 272 2.1 1.5 2.2

Durable goods

154 108 168 2.0 1.4 2.2

Nondurable goods

104 73 103 2.3 1.6 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

794 884 901 3.1 3.2 3.4

Wholesale trade

134 117 151 2.3 2.0 2.6

Retail trade

486 583 589 3.2 3.6 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 183 161 3.4 3.4 3.1

Information

89 62 92 3.3 2.2 3.4

Financial activities

171 170 212 2.2 2.1 2.6

Finance and insurance

111 130 147 1.9 2.2 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

60 40 65 3.0 1.9 3.2

Professional and business services

1,050 783 1,113 5.7 4.0 5.8

Education and health services

594 433 583 2.8 2.0 2.7

Educational services

90 38 63 2.7 1.1 1.9

Health care and social assistance

504 395 520 2.8 2.2 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

695 641 746 5.0 4.4 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

100 94 111 5.4 4.8 5.8

Accommodation and food services

595 547 635 5.0 4.3 5.1

Other services

197 122 190 3.6 2.2 3.4

Government

257 201 279 1.2 0.9 1.3

Federal

22 25 30 0.8 0.9 1.1

State and local

235 176 249 1.2 0.9 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

643 588 631 2.5 2.2 2.4

South

1,880 1,486 2,018 3.8 2.9 4.0

Midwest

884 825 1,100 2.9 2.6 3.5

West

991 851 994 3.2 2.7 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

4,998 4,628 5,358 3.7 3.3 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,712 4,357 5,047 4.1 3.7 4.3

Mining and logging

31 33 44 3.7 3.6 5.0

Construction

266 438 372 4.7 7.1 6.3

Manufacturing

253 216 262 2.1 1.8 2.1

Durable goods

150 124 151 2.0 1.6 1.9

Nondurable goods

102 92 111 2.3 2.0 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,328 1,128 1,452 5.1 4.1 5.5

Wholesale trade

130 122 154 2.3 2.1 2.6

Retail trade

903 823 998 6.0 5.1 6.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

295 184 299 5.8 3.4 5.7

Information

93 67 91 3.5 2.4 3.3

Financial activities

202 201 220 2.6 2.5 2.7

Finance and insurance

131 161 142 2.2 2.7 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

71 41 78 3.6 2.0 3.9

Professional and business services

1,006 926 1,069 5.5 4.7 5.6

Education and health services

577 462 540 2.7 2.1 2.5

Educational services

75 52 59 2.3 1.5 1.8

Health care and social assistance

502 409 480 2.8 2.2 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

773 743 815 5.6 5.1 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

104 100 121 5.6 5.1 6.4

Accommodation and food services

669 644 694 5.6 5.1 5.6

Other services

184 142 182 3.4 2.5 3.3

Government

286 271 311 1.3 1.2 1.4

Federal

60 27 66 2.2 1.0 2.4

State and local

226 243 245 1.2 1.2 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

854 834 898 3.4 3.2 3.5

South

1,929 1,802 2,160 3.9 3.5 4.3

Midwest

1,102 972 1,123 3.6 3.1 3.6

West

1,113 1,020 1,176 3.6 3.2 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

2,358 2,211 2,772 1.7 1.6 2.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,244 2,100 2,643 2.0 1.8 2.3

Mining and logging

11 10 13 1.3 1.1 1.5

Construction

82 99 122 1.5 1.6 2.1

Manufacturing

99 96 122 0.8 0.8 1.0

Durable goods

53 53 75 0.7 0.7 1.0

Nondurable goods

46 43 48 1.0 0.9 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

586 566 643 2.3 2.1 2.4

Wholesale trade

60 69 87 1.0 1.2 1.5

Retail trade

452 416 473 3.0 2.6 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

75 81 83 1.5 1.5 1.6

Information

48 31 46 1.8 1.1 1.7

Financial activities

70 87 122 0.9 1.1 1.5

Finance and insurance

35 64 88 0.6 1.1 1.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 23 34 1.8 1.1 1.7

Professional and business services

474 385 561 2.6 2.0 2.9

Education and health services

312 272 369 1.5 1.2 1.7

Educational services

33 25 30 1.0 0.7 0.9

Health care and social assistance

280 247 339 1.6 1.3 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

456 472 540 3.3 3.2 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

39 35 49 2.1 1.8 2.6

Accommodation and food services

417 437 491 3.5 3.5 4.0

Other services

105 81 105 1.9 1.4 1.9

Government

114 111 129 0.5 0.5 0.6

Federal

12 10 13 0.4 0.3 0.5

State and local

102 101 116 0.5 0.5 0.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

345 337 398 1.4 1.3 1.5

South

1,008 953 1,178 2.1 1.9 2.3

Midwest

483 430 577 1.6 1.4 1.8

West

521 492 619 1.7 1.5 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

2,194 1,976 2,116 1.6 1.4 1.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,107 1,882 2,016 1.9 1.6 1.7

Mining and logging

14 20 26 1.6 2.2 2.9

Construction

175 323 246 3.1 5.2 4.2

Manufacturing

119 101 112 1.0 0.8 0.9

Durable goods

77 59 58 1.0 0.8 0.7

Nondurable goods

41 42 54 0.9 0.9 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

655 451 665 2.5 1.6 2.5

Wholesale trade

52 47 58 0.9 0.8 1.0

Retail trade

398 317 409 2.6 2.0 2.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

205 87 198 4.0 1.6 3.8

Information

31 28 35 1.1 1.0 1.3

Financial activities

97 60 70 1.2 0.7 0.9

Finance and insurance

68 48 36 1.2 0.8 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

29 12 34 1.4 0.6 1.7

Professional and business services

437 462 416 2.4 2.4 2.2

Education and health services

225 147 131 1.1 0.7 0.6

Educational services

39 23 23 1.2 0.6 0.7

Health care and social assistance

186 124 108 1.0 0.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

294 240 249 2.1 1.6 1.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

62 60 69 3.3 3.1 3.6

Accommodation and food services

232 180 179 1.9 1.4 1.4

Other services

62 50 67 1.1 0.9 1.2

Government

87 93 100 0.4 0.4 0.5

Federal

26 7 34 0.9 0.2 1.3

State and local

62 86 65 0.3 0.4 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

425 439 412 1.7 1.7 1.6

South

769 649 797 1.6 1.3 1.6

Midwest

490 459 473 1.6 1.4 1.5

West

510 429 434 1.7 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)
Jan.
2014
Dec.
2014
Jan.
2015(p)

Total

447 441 470 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

362 374 387 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

7 2 5 0.8 0.2 0.5

Construction

9 16 4 0.2 0.3 0.1

Manufacturing

35 19 28 0.3 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

20 12 18 0.3 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

15 7 10 0.3 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

87 111 144 0.3 0.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

18 5 9 0.3 0.1 0.1

Retail trade

53 90 117 0.4 0.6 0.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

15 16 19 0.3 0.3 0.4

Information

15 8 10 0.5 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

35 54 28 0.4 0.7 0.3

Finance and insurance

27 49 18 0.5 0.8 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

8 6 10 0.4 0.3 0.5

Professional and business services

95 79 91 0.5 0.4 0.5

Education and health services

40 43 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

3 4 7 0.1 0.1 0.2

Health care and social assistance

37 39 33 0.2 0.2 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

23 31 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 4 3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Accommodation and food services

20 26 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

17 11 11 0.3 0.2 0.2

Government

85 66 83 0.4 0.3 0.4

Federal

23 11 18 0.8 0.4 0.7

State and local

62 55 64 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

84 58 88 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

153 200 185 0.3 0.4 0.4

Midwest

128 83 73 0.4 0.3 0.2

West

81 99 124 0.3 0.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.
NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 13. Annual hires levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[in thousands]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

48,740 50,283 52,367 54,241 58,657

INDUSTRY

Total private

44,903 47,179 48,916 50,787 55,048

Mining and logging

282 339 379 346 407

Construction

4,022 4,193 3,969 3,844 3,799

Manufacturing

3,155 3,040 2,982 2,895 3,115

Durable goods

1,806 1,771 1,793 1,740 1,838

Nondurable goods

1,348 1,270 1,186 1,151 1,280

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,734 10,001 10,480 11,153 12,776

Wholesale trade

1,405 1,508 1,558 1,422 1,760

Retail trade

6,725 6,808 6,999 7,810 8,827

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

1,605 1,683 1,922 1,919 2,187

Information

642 742 767 844 926

Financial activities

2,017 1,882 2,183 2,406 2,322

Finance and insurance

1,338 1,193 1,412 1,580 1,534

Real estate and rental and leasing

679 689 771 825 788

Professional and business services

9,425 10,458 10,604 10,970 12,109

Education and health services

5,856 5,801 6,229 6,463 6,887

Educational services

889 947 883 900 992

Health care and social assistance

4,965 4,856 5,344 5,565 5,896

Leisure and hospitality

7,824 8,510 9,099 9,634 10,469

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,326 1,452 1,540 1,569 1,719

Accommodation and food services

6,496 7,057 7,559 8,063 8,749

Other services

1,945 2,216 2,226 2,241 2,238

Government

3,842 3,104 3,450 3,453 3,611

Federal

1,044 335 364 368 375

State and local

2,793 2,769 3,086 3,084 3,237

REGION(2)

Northeast

8,669 8,434 8,443 8,527 8,880

South

18,297 19,209 20,731 21,464 23,104

Midwest

11,159 11,596 11,623 11,878 13,256

West

10,616 11,049 11,568 12,377 13,420

Footnotes
(1) The annual hires level is the total number of hires during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 14. Annual hires rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[percent]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

37.4 38.1 39.0 39.8 42.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

41.7 43.0 43.6 44.3 47.0

Mining and logging

40.0 43.0 44.7 40.1 45.4

Construction

72.9 75.8 70.3 65.6 61.9

Manufacturing

27.4 25.9 25.0 24.1 25.6

Durable goods

25.6 24.4 24.0 23.1 23.9

Nondurable goods

30.2 28.5 26.6 25.7 28.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

39.5 39.9 41.1 43.1 48.4

Wholesale trade

25.8 27.2 27.5 24.8 30.2

Retail trade

46.6 46.4 47.2 51.8 57.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

33.8 34.7 38.7 38.0 42.1

Information

23.7 27.7 28.7 31.2 33.8

Financial activities

26.2 24.5 28.0 30.5 29.1

Finance and insurance

23.2 20.7 24.2 26.8 25.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

35.1 35.8 39.4 41.3 38.5

Professional and business services

56.3 60.3 59.1 59.2 63.4

Education and health services

29.4 28.7 30.1 30.6 32.1

Educational services

28.2 29.1 26.4 26.8 29.0

Health care and social assistance

29.7 28.6 30.8 31.4 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

60.0 63.7 66.1 67.6 71.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

69.3 75.7 78.2 77.3 81.7

Accommodation and food services

58.3 61.7 64.1 66.0 69.4

Other services

36.5 41.3 41.0 40.9 40.2

Government

17.1 14.1 15.7 15.8 16.5

Federal

35.1 11.7 12.9 13.3 13.7

State and local

14.3 14.4 16.2 16.2 16.9

REGION(2)

Northeast

34.9 33.7 33.5 33.5 34.3

South

38.7 40.1 42.6 43.4 45.8

Midwest

37.8 38.7 38.3 38.7 42.4

West

37.1 38.2 38.7 40.3 42.7

Footnotes
(1) The annual hires rate is the number of hires during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 15. Annual total separations levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[in thousands]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

47,752 48,227 50,047 51,783 55,524

INDUSTRY

Total private

43,627 44,757 46,545 48,280 51,992

Mining and logging

209 241 359 330 361

Construction

4,247 3,981 3,855 3,613 3,526

Manufacturing

3,050 2,825 2,808 2,776 2,899

Durable goods

1,678 1,540 1,648 1,649 1,643

Nondurable goods

1,372 1,287 1,158 1,126 1,257

Trade, transportation, and utilities

9,396 9,487 10,067 10,592 12,184

Wholesale trade

1,400 1,386 1,467 1,363 1,654

Retail trade

6,538 6,512 6,832 7,420 8,525

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

1,458 1,590 1,765 1,809 2,006

Information

711 741 781 802 883

Financial activities

2,076 1,841 2,092 2,320 2,194

Finance and insurance

1,362 1,157 1,351 1,535 1,469

Real estate and rental and leasing

714 684 739 783 728

Professional and business services

8,897 9,871 10,001 10,420 11,412

Education and health services

5,531 5,417 5,750 6,138 6,374

Educational services

811 823 862 863 903

Health care and social assistance

4,720 4,595 4,887 5,274 5,469

Leisure and hospitality

7,581 8,191 8,645 9,131 9,996

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,283 1,474 1,451 1,490 1,637

Accommodation and food services

6,298 6,718 7,193 7,641 8,360

Other services

1,929 2,159 2,191 2,158 2,165

Government

4,123 3,472 3,501 3,504 3,532

Federal

991 370 384 434 385

State and local

3,132 3,101 3,116 3,068 3,145

REGION(2)

Northeast

8,637 8,115 8,233 8,441 8,772

South

17,661 18,496 19,759 20,295 22,049

Midwest

10,890 11,100 11,242 11,142 12,168

West

10,563 10,511 10,813 11,905 12,535

Footnotes
(1) The annual total separations level is the total number of total separations during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 16. Annual total separations rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[percent]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

36.7 36.6 37.3 38.0 39.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

40.5 40.8 41.5 42.2 44.4

Mining and logging

29.6 30.6 42.3 38.2 40.3

Construction

77.0 72.0 68.3 61.7 57.4

Manufacturing

26.5 24.1 23.5 23.1 23.8

Durable goods

23.8 21.2 22.1 21.8 21.4

Nondurable goods

30.7 28.9 26.0 25.2 27.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

38.1 37.8 39.5 41.0 46.2

Wholesale trade

25.7 25.0 25.9 23.8 28.4

Retail trade

45.3 44.4 46.0 49.2 55.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

30.7 32.8 35.5 35.8 38.6

Information

26.3 27.7 29.2 29.6 32.2

Financial activities

27.0 23.9 26.9 29.4 27.5

Finance and insurance

23.6 20.1 23.2 26.1 24.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

36.9 35.5 37.8 39.2 35.6

Professional and business services

53.2 57.0 55.8 56.3 59.8

Education and health services

27.8 26.8 27.8 29.1 29.7

Educational services

25.7 25.3 25.8 25.7 26.4

Health care and social assistance

28.2 27.1 28.2 29.7 30.3

Leisure and hospitality

58.1 61.3 62.8 64.1 68.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

67.1 76.8 73.7 73.4 77.8

Accommodation and food services

56.6 58.8 61.0 62.5 66.3

Other services

36.2 40.3 40.3 39.4 38.8

Government

18.3 15.7 16.0 16.0 16.2

Federal

33.3 12.9 13.6 15.7 14.1

State and local

16.1 16.1 16.3 16.1 16.4

REGION(2)

Northeast

34.8 32.4 32.6 33.1 33.9

South

37.3 38.6 40.6 41.0 43.7

Midwest

36.8 37.1 37.1 36.3 38.9

West

36.9 36.3 36.2 38.7 39.9

Footnotes
(1) The annual total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 17. Annual quits levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[in thousands]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

22,062 23,539 25,074 27,636 30,522

INDUSTRY

Total private

20,752 22,150 23,530 26,079 28,842

Mining and logging

92 139 193 168 182

Construction

898 947 973 1,175 1,323

Manufacturing

1,132 1,253 1,294 1,318 1,450

Durable goods

563 643 710 746 798

Nondurable goods

568 610 584 576 652

Trade, transportation, and utilities

4,924 5,219 5,558 6,073 7,032

Wholesale trade

539 618 700 721 903

Retail trade

3,731 3,872 3,994 4,478 5,153

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

652 728 864 873 976

Information

349 405 443 427 490

Financial activities

1,010 978 1,087 1,170 1,179

Finance and insurance

670 646 704 779 758

Real estate and rental and leasing

343 330 382 388 421

Professional and business services

3,991 4,438 4,384 5,269 5,614

Education and health services

2,987 3,000 3,304 3,621 3,856

Educational services

357 380 406 400 452

Health care and social assistance

2,629 2,620 2,895 3,222 3,402

Leisure and hospitality

4,418 4,797 5,223 5,698 6,468

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

450 519 530 574 607

Accommodation and food services

3,966 4,276 4,693 5,123 5,861

Other services

954 978 1,070 1,163 1,248

Government

1,307 1,390 1,545 1,557 1,679

Federal

142 111 130 133 125

State and local

1,167 1,279 1,416 1,423 1,555

REGION(2)

Northeast

3,476 3,380 3,687 3,843 4,200

South

8,890 9,535 10,505 11,520 12,727

Midwest

5,003 5,485 5,651 6,195 6,817

West

4,690 5,139 5,230 6,077 6,778

Footnotes
(1) The annual quits level is the total number of quits during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 18. Annual quits rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[percent]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

16.9 17.9 18.7 20.3 22.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

19.3 20.2 21.0 22.8 24.6

Mining and logging

13.0 17.6 22.8 19.5 20.3

Construction

16.3 17.1 17.2 20.1 21.6

Manufacturing

9.8 10.7 10.8 11.0 11.9

Durable goods

8.0 8.8 9.5 9.9 10.4

Nondurable goods

12.7 13.7 13.1 12.9 14.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.0 20.8 21.8 23.5 26.7

Wholesale trade

9.9 11.1 12.4 12.6 15.5

Retail trade

25.8 26.4 26.9 29.7 33.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

13.7 15.0 17.4 17.3 18.8

Information

12.9 15.1 16.6 15.8 17.9

Financial activities

13.1 12.7 14.0 14.8 14.8

Finance and insurance

11.6 11.2 12.1 13.2 12.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

17.7 17.1 19.5 19.4 20.6

Professional and business services

23.9 25.6 24.4 28.5 29.4

Education and health services

15.0 14.8 16.0 17.2 18.0

Educational services

11.3 11.7 12.2 11.9 13.2

Health care and social assistance

15.7 15.4 16.7 18.2 18.8

Leisure and hospitality

33.9 35.9 37.9 40.0 44.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

23.5 27.0 26.9 28.3 28.8

Accommodation and food services

35.6 37.4 39.8 41.9 46.5

Other services

17.9 18.2 19.7 21.2 22.4

Government

5.8 6.3 7.0 7.1 7.7

Federal

4.8 3.9 4.6 4.8 4.6

State and local

6.0 6.7 7.4 7.5 8.1

REGION(2)

Northeast

14.0 13.5 14.6 15.1 16.2

South

18.8 19.9 21.6 23.3 25.2

Midwest

16.9 18.3 18.6 20.2 21.8

West

16.4 17.8 17.5 19.8 21.6

Footnotes
(1) The annual quits rate is the number of quits during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 19. Annual layoffs and discharges levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[in thousands]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

21,827 20,801 20,872 19,889 20,418

INDUSTRY

Total private

19,775 19,466 19,686 18,725 19,347

Mining and logging

95 83 143 137 144

Construction

3,157 2,868 2,766 2,325 2,049

Manufacturing

1,678 1,330 1,252 1,191 1,163

Durable goods

959 742 778 743 679

Nondurable goods

720 587 473 444 483

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3,674 3,396 3,570 3,552 3,965

Wholesale trade

734 585 638 518 616

Retail trade

2,320 2,154 2,249 2,320 2,516

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

620 657 685 713 834

Information

294 277 276 307 305

Financial activities

778 659 625 716 650

Finance and insurance

462 355 339 406 411

Real estate and rental and leasing

318 304 286 309 240

Professional and business services

4,319 4,821 5,022 4,665 5,120

Education and health services

2,122 1,873 1,952 1,929 2,022

Educational services

406 374 390 407 393

Health care and social assistance

1,715 1,500 1,560 1,519 1,630

Leisure and hospitality

2,807 3,109 3,091 3,042 3,154

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

790 925 896 881 989

Accommodation and food services

2,016 2,186 2,193 2,161 2,163

Other services

855 1,048 998 865 777

Government

2,049 1,337 1,185 1,163 1,070

Federal

738 134 128 150 130

State and local

1,312 1,202 1,060 1,014 940

REGION(2)

Northeast

4,409 4,030 3,753 3,745 3,742

South

7,421 7,557 7,770 7,245 7,456

Midwest

5,016 4,694 4,645 4,015 4,431

West

4,980 4,522 4,701 4,884 4,791

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges level is the total number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 20. Annual layoffs and discharges rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[percent]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

16.8 15.8 15.6 14.6 14.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

18.3 17.7 17.5 16.3 16.5

Mining and logging

13.5 10.5 16.9 15.9 16.1

Construction

57.2 51.8 49.0 39.7 33.4

Manufacturing

14.6 11.3 10.5 9.9 9.5

Durable goods

13.6 10.2 10.4 9.8 8.8

Nondurable goods

16.1 13.2 10.6 9.9 10.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

14.9 13.5 14.0 13.7 15.0

Wholesale trade

13.5 10.6 11.3 9.0 10.6

Retail trade

16.1 14.7 15.2 15.4 16.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

13.1 13.5 13.8 14.1 16.1

Information

10.9 10.3 10.3 11.3 11.1

Financial activities

10.1 8.6 8.0 9.1 8.1

Finance and insurance

8.0 6.2 5.8 6.9 6.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

16.4 15.8 14.6 15.5 11.7

Professional and business services

25.8 27.8 28.0 25.2 26.8

Education and health services

10.7 9.3 9.4 9.1 9.4

Educational services

12.9 11.5 11.7 12.1 11.5

Health care and social assistance

10.2 8.8 9.0 8.6 9.0

Leisure and hospitality

21.5 23.3 22.5 21.3 21.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

41.3 48.2 45.5 43.4 47.0

Accommodation and food services

18.1 19.1 18.6 17.7 17.2

Other services

16.0 19.6 18.4 15.8 13.9

Government

9.1 6.1 5.4 5.3 4.9

Federal

24.8 4.7 4.5 5.4 4.8

State and local

6.7 6.3 5.5 5.3 4.9

REGION(2)

Northeast

17.8 16.1 14.9 14.7 14.4

South

15.7 15.8 16.0 14.6 14.8

Midwest

17.0 15.7 15.3 13.1 14.2

West

17.4 15.6 15.7 15.9 15.3

Footnotes
(1) The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 21. Annual other separations levels by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[in thousands]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

3,865 3,886 4,101 4,259 4,584

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,097 3,143 3,331 3,473 3,801

Mining and logging

25 21 21 25 34

Construction

193 168 119 113 154

Manufacturing

241 245 263 265 288

Durable goods

155 155 163 162 164

Nondurable goods

86 89 97 103 124

Trade, transportation, and utilities

795 872 938 969 1,187

Wholesale trade

125 182 127 124 137

Retail trade

485 488 592 625 854

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

187 200 217 222 196

Information

67 56 65 68 89

Financial activities

286 206 376 432 364

Finance and insurance

232 156 305 349 298

Real estate and rental and leasing

55 48 73 83 67

Professional and business services

590 612 598 486 676

Education and health services

422 544 493 589 498

Educational services

49 70 65 56 60

Health care and social assistance

376 475 430 533 440

Leisure and hospitality

356 286 334 394 375

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

38 30 28 34 39

Accommodation and food services

317 255 305 357 332

Other services

119 133 122 129 141

Government

768 746 769 786 783

Federal

116 125 127 155 130

State and local

654 619 642 633 649

REGION(2)

Northeast

747 704 789 846 827

South

1,356 1,410 1,489 1,532 1,869

Midwest

871 921 945 932 919

West

891 850 876 945 969

Footnotes
(1) The annual other separations level is the total number of other separations during the entire year.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Table 22. Annual other separations rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
[percent]
Industry and region 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Total

3.0 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.2

Mining and logging

3.5 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.8

Construction

3.5 3.0 2.1 1.9 2.5

Manufacturing

2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.4

Durable goods

2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.2 3.5 3.7 3.7 4.5

Wholesale trade

2.3 3.3 2.2 2.2 2.4

Retail trade

3.4 3.3 4.0 4.1 5.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

3.9 4.1 4.4 4.4 3.8

Information

2.5 2.1 2.4 2.5 3.2

Financial activities

3.7 2.7 4.8 5.5 4.6

Finance and insurance

4.0 2.7 5.2 5.9 5.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

2.8 2.5 3.7 4.2 3.3

Professional and business services

3.5 3.5 3.3 2.6 3.5

Education and health services

2.1 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.3

Educational services

1.6 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.8

Health care and social assistance

2.2 2.8 2.5 3.0 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

2.7 2.1 2.4 2.8 2.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.0 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.9

Accommodation and food services

2.8 2.2 2.6 2.9 2.6

Other services

2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.5

Government

3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.6

Federal

3.9 4.4 4.5 5.6 4.8

State and local

3.4 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.4

REGION(2)

Northeast

3.0 2.8 3.1 3.3 3.2

South

2.9 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.7

Midwest

2.9 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9

West

3.1 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) The annual other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average employment.
(2) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates.


Last Modified Date: March 10, 2015