Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 13, 2015	USDL-15-0015

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – NOVEMBER 2014

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of November, little changed from 4.8 
million in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires (5.0 million) were little 
changed and separations (4.6 million) declined in November. Within separations, the quits rate (1.9 
percent) was unchanged and the layoffs and discharges rate (1.2 percent) was little changed. This release 
includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector 
by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

There were 5.0 million job openings on the last business day of November. The job openings rate was 
3.4 percent. The number of job openings was little changed for total private and increased for 
government in November. (See table 1.) Job openings increased for nondurable goods manufacturing 
and for state and local government. The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in 
November for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings increased over the year for 
many industries, including professional and business services, health care and social assistance, and 
accommodation and food services. Job openings decreased in arts, entertainment, and recreation. The 
number of openings increased over the year in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 5.0 million hires in November, little changed from October. The hires rate in November was 
3.6 percent. The number of hires was little changed for total private and government. Hires decreased 
over the month in professional and business services and in the West region. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for 
total nonfarm and total private, and was little changed for government. Hires increased over the year in 
several industries, including retail trade and accommodation and food services. The number of hires 
increased in the Northeast and Midwest regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.6 million total separations in November, down from October. The separations rate was 
3.3 percent in November. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and 
government and decreased in the Northeast region. (See table 3.)

There were 2.6 million quits in November, little changed from October. The quits rate in November was 
1.9 percent. The number of quits was little changed for total private and decreased for government. 
Quits decreased in durable goods manufacturing, professional and business services, and state and local 
government.  The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in November for 
total nonfarm and total private and was unchanged for government. Over the year, quits increased for 
many industries, including both health care and social assistance and accommodation and food services. 
The number of quits also increased over the year in the South region. (See table 10.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in November, little changed from October. The rate was 
1.2 percent in November. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month for 
total private and government, and fell in the Northeast region. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted 
estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for individual industries.

The number of layoffs and discharges (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in November for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges increased over the year in mining and logging and in the Midwest region. (See table 11.)

In November, there were 393,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from October. 
Over the month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 331,000 and for 
government at 62,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in November, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) 
was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. Other separations fell over the year 
for information and was little changed in all four regions. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in November 2014, hires totaled 57.6 
million and separations totaled 54.9 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.7 million. These 
figures include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for December 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, February 10, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

4,126 4,830 4,972 4,574 5,101 4,990 4,316 4,863 4,623

Total private(1)

3,757 4,409 4,512 4,286 4,797 4,688 4,028 4,554 4,335

Construction

165 141 145 299 320 308 275 304 291

Manufacturing

298 287 318 269 276 259 228 260 223

Durable goods

175 182 191 147 169 153 126 149 128

Nondurable goods

123 105 127 122 108 106 103 110 95

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

786 832 876 1,012 1,135 1,119 933 1,052 1,046

Retail trade

439 460 509 694 778 778 668 720 720

Professional and business services

750 966 1,046 950 1,110 998 888 1,074 923

Education and health services(3)

682 850 822 522 589 578 492 564 530

Health care and social assistance

610 764 735 448 507 507 416 484 464

Leisure and hospitality

562 715 639 792 899 907 761 840 832

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

84 57 42 141 150 132 127 133 128

Accommodation and food services

477 658 597 651 749 775 634 707 704

Government(4)

369 421 459 288 304 303 287 309 287

State and local

313 361 403 249 275 266 253 276 248

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.9 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.1 3.5 3.3

Total private(1)

3.2 3.6 3.7 3.7 4.1 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.7

Construction

2.7 2.3 2.3 5.1 5.3 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.8

Manufacturing

2.4 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.1 1.8

Durable goods

2.3 2.3 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.7

Nondurable goods

2.7 2.3 2.8 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.9 3.0 3.2 3.9 4.3 4.2 3.6 4.0 3.9

Retail trade

2.8 2.9 3.2 4.6 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.7 4.6

Professional and business services

3.8 4.7 5.1 5.0 5.7 5.1 4.7 5.5 4.7

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.8 3.7 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.3 4.0 3.9 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

3.8 4.6 4.1 5.5 6.1 6.1 5.3 5.7 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.9 2.6 1.9 6.8 7.1 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.0

Accommodation and food services

3.7 5.0 4.5 5.3 5.9 6.1 5.1 5.6 5.6

Government(4)

1.7 1.9 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

State and local

1.6 1.8 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

4,126 4,605 4,853 4,685 4,830 4,972 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,757 4,129 4,411 4,219 4,409 4,512 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7

Construction

165 139 121 112 141 145 2.7 2.2 2.0 1.8 2.3 2.3

Manufacturing

298 293 296 293 287 318 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5

Durable goods

175 195 179 179 182 191 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4

Nondurable goods

123 97 118 115 105 127 2.7 2.1 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

786 806 821 803 832 876 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0 3.2

Retail trade

439 473 500 493 460 509 2.8 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.2

Professional and business services

750 880 928 941 966 1,046 3.8 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.7 5.1

Education and health services(6)

682 826 866 872 850 822 3.1 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7

Health care and social assistance

610 746 789 776 764 735 3.3 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

562 622 700 661 715 639 3.8 4.1 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

84 63 71 52 57 42 3.9 2.9 3.3 2.4 2.6 1.9

Accommodation and food services

477 559 629 608 658 597 3.7 4.3 4.8 4.6 5.0 4.5

Government(7)

369 476 443 466 421 459 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.1

State and local

313 421 378 395 361 403 1.6 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

692 765 796 769 767 800 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.0

South

1,535 1,722 1,897 1,816 1,875 1,922 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Midwest

941 1,087 1,076 1,064 1,077 1,125 2.9 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.4

West

957 1,031 1,084 1,035 1,110 1,124 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

4,574 4,934 4,742 5,075 5,101 4,990 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,286 4,651 4,450 4,764 4,797 4,688 3.7 4.0 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.0

Construction

299 371 330 284 320 308 5.1 6.1 5.4 4.7 5.3 5.0

Manufacturing

269 259 236 279 276 259 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.3 2.1

Durable goods

147 155 139 160 169 153 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.0

Nondurable goods

122 103 97 119 108 106 2.7 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

1,012 1,090 1,011 1,020 1,135 1,119 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.3 4.2

Retail trade

694 758 686 693 778 778 4.6 4.9 4.5 4.5 5.0 5.0

Professional and business services

950 1,012 1,049 1,168 1,110 998 5.0 5.3 5.4 6.0 5.7 5.1

Education and health services(6)

522 555 514 636 589 578 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.9 2.7 2.7

Health care and social assistance

448 485 437 543 507 507 2.5 2.7 2.4 3.0 2.8 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

792 852 845 887 899 907 5.5 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

141 138 136 142 150 132 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 7.1 6.2

Accommodation and food services

651 714 709 745 749 775 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.1

Government(7)

288 282 293 311 304 303 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

249 252 265 281 275 266 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

696 793 728 827 776 794 2.7 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.0 3.0

South

1,824 1,945 1,872 1,971 2,017 1,953 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.0 3.8

Midwest

1,022 1,119 1,018 1,139 1,160 1,226 3.3 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.9

West

1,032 1,077 1,124 1,139 1,149 1,018 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

4,316 4,629 4,531 4,809 4,863 4,623 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,028 4,369 4,247 4,500 4,554 4,335 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.7

Construction

275 331 316 263 304 291 4.7 5.5 5.2 4.3 5.0 4.8

Manufacturing

228 231 237 256 260 223 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.8

Durable goods

126 137 134 142 149 128 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.7

Nondurable goods

103 95 103 115 110 95 2.3 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.5 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

933 1,031 987 977 1,052 1,046 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.9

Retail trade

668 723 681 679 720 720 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6

Professional and business services

888 946 974 1,088 1,074 923 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.6 5.5 4.7

Education and health services(6)

492 524 484 578 564 530 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.4

Health care and social assistance

416 450 410 495 484 464 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

761 827 818 861 840 832 5.3 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

127 126 142 136 133 128 6.1 6.0 6.8 6.4 6.3 6.0

Accommodation and food services

634 702 675 725 707 704 5.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.6

Government(7)

287 260 284 308 309 287 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

State and local

253 235 259 277 276 248 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

659 717 715 756 779 665 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.9 3.0 2.5

South

1,680 1,835 1,827 1,943 1,928 1,862 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7

Midwest

941 1,016 996 1,065 1,115 1,092 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.5

West

1,036 1,061 993 1,044 1,042 1,004 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

2,448 2,547 2,510 2,735 2,712 2,618 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.9 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,325 2,413 2,364 2,574 2,561 2,493 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.1

Construction

75 107 127 109 106 96 1.3 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.6

Manufacturing

120 127 121 131 130 102 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8

Durable goods

66 70 68 73 76 53 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7

Nondurable goods

54 57 54 59 54 49 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

559 580 554 565 609 632 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.4

Retail trade

410 428 406 402 439 453 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.9

Professional and business services

500 470 454 572 519 428 2.7 2.4 2.3 3.0 2.7 2.2

Education and health services(6)

283 348 297 343 349 349 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

250 310 263 305 301 314 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

540 529 549 566 568 599 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.8 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

53 53 53 53 52 53 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Accommodation and food services

487 477 496 513 516 547 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.3

Government(7)

124 134 145 161 152 125 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

State and local

113 125 139 150 141 111 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

344 339 339 372 374 358 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

South

1,007 1,040 1,030 1,119 1,152 1,112 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.2

Midwest

551 590 597 665 584 589 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.9

West

547 578 544 579 603 559 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

1,511 1,726 1,619 1,653 1,757 1,612 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,419 1,657 1,547 1,573 1,670 1,512 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

92 70 72 81 87 100 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

252 321 296 300 332 244 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.3 0.9

South

551 634 639 645 605 602 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2

Midwest

304 358 332 336 465 413 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.3

West

404 413 352 371 355 353 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
July
2014
Aug.
2014
Sept.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

356 356 402 420 394 393 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

285 299 335 354 323 331 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

71 57 66 66 71 62 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

3,723 5,077 4,559 2.6 3.5 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,380 4,668 4,139 2.8 3.8 3.4

Mining and logging

16 36 25 1.8 3.7 2.7

Construction

122 147 115 2.0 2.3 1.8

Manufacturing

259 289 289 2.1 2.3 2.3

Durable goods

153 177 172 2.0 2.2 2.2

Nondurable goods

106 111 117 2.3 2.4 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

697 906 794 2.6 3.3 2.8

Wholesale trade

145 167 168 2.4 2.7 2.8

Retail trade

387 540 458 2.4 3.4 2.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

166 199 168 3.1 3.6 3.1

Information

127 91 106 4.5 3.3 3.8

Financial activities

188 354 314 2.3 4.2 3.8

Finance and insurance

153 286 254 2.5 4.6 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

35 68 60 1.7 3.2 2.9

Professional and business services

725 1,045 1,029 3.7 5.1 5.0

Education and health services

640 892 769 2.9 3.9 3.4

Educational services

67 92 82 1.8 2.5 2.2

Health care and social assistance

573 799 687 3.1 4.2 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

486 720 558 3.3 4.7 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

75 57 35 3.8 2.7 1.8

Accommodation and food services

412 663 523 3.3 5.0 4.0

Other services

119 188 137 2.1 3.3 2.4

Government

344 409 420 1.5 1.8 1.8

Federal

52 56 49 1.9 2.0 1.8

State and local

292 353 371 1.5 1.8 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

624 834 725 2.3 3.1 2.7

South

1,329 1,952 1,684 2.6 3.7 3.2

Midwest

882 1,115 1,078 2.7 3.4 3.3

West

887 1,176 1,071 2.8 3.6 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

4,165 5,415 4,575 3.0 3.8 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,945 5,136 4,342 3.4 4.3 3.7

Mining and logging

19 32 26 2.2 3.4 2.8

Construction

218 325 227 3.6 5.1 3.6

Manufacturing

219 281 212 1.8 2.3 1.7

Durable goods

124 168 129 1.6 2.2 1.7

Nondurable goods

95 113 84 2.1 2.5 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,250 1,370 1,377 4.7 5.1 5.1

Wholesale trade

88 164 113 1.5 2.8 1.9

Retail trade

907 978 1,020 5.8 6.3 6.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

255 228 244 4.9 4.3 4.6

Information

66 87 64 2.4 3.2 2.4

Financial activities

153 190 192 1.9 2.4 2.4

Finance and insurance

104 128 133 1.8 2.2 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

49 61 58 2.5 3.0 2.8

Professional and business services

859 1,180 911 4.5 6.0 4.6

Education and health services

410 626 459 1.9 2.9 2.1

Educational services

46 86 40 1.3 2.4 1.1

Health care and social assistance

363 541 418 2.0 3.0 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

621 864 717 4.4 5.9 4.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

109 122 99 5.7 5.8 5.0

Accommodation and food services

512 743 618 4.2 5.9 4.9

Other services

131 182 157 2.4 3.3 2.8

Government

221 278 233 1.0 1.2 1.0

Federal

37 27 42 1.3 1.0 1.6

State and local

184 251 190 0.9 1.3 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

617 801 714 2.4 3.0 2.7

South

1,664 2,170 1,794 3.3 4.2 3.5

Midwest

917 1,205 1,124 2.9 3.8 3.5

West

967 1,238 943 3.1 3.9 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

3,798 5,044 4,065 2.7 3.6 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,608 4,792 3,863 3.1 4.0 3.2

Mining and logging

20 33 30 2.3 3.6 3.2

Construction

294 354 308 4.9 5.6 4.9

Manufacturing

198 276 198 1.6 2.3 1.6

Durable goods

106 154 114 1.4 2.0 1.5

Nondurable goods

92 122 84 2.1 2.7 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

817 1,065 912 3.1 4.0 3.4

Wholesale trade

96 172 138 1.7 2.9 2.3

Retail trade

591 710 634 3.8 4.6 4.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

130 183 139 2.5 3.5 2.6

Information

58 84 60 2.2 3.1 2.2

Financial activities

146 180 161 1.8 2.3 2.0

Finance and insurance

93 118 102 1.6 2.0 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

52 63 58 2.6 3.0 2.8

Professional and business services

825 1,103 855 4.3 5.6 4.3

Education and health services

380 519 410 1.8 2.4 1.9

Educational services

43 57 36 1.2 1.6 1.0

Health care and social assistance

337 462 374 1.9 2.5 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

711 992 768 5.0 6.7 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

151 178 149 7.9 8.5 7.6

Accommodation and food services

560 814 619 4.6 6.4 4.9

Other services

157 185 163 2.9 3.3 2.9

Government

190 252 201 0.9 1.1 0.9

Federal

26 34 33 1.0 1.2 1.2

State and local

164 218 169 0.8 1.1 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

590 828 575 2.3 3.1 2.2

South

1,411 1,988 1,557 2.8 3.9 3.0

Midwest

869 1,141 1,044 2.8 3.6 3.3

West

927 1,087 889 3.0 3.5 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

2,017 2,804 2,179 1.5 2.0 1.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,931 2,672 2,091 1.7 2.3 1.8

Mining and logging

10 18 12 1.1 1.9 1.3

Construction

58 120 69 1.0 1.9 1.1

Manufacturing

94 136 79 0.8 1.1 0.6

Durable goods

50 82 40 0.7 1.1 0.5

Nondurable goods

44 54 39 1.0 1.2 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

474 640 544 1.8 2.4 2.0

Wholesale trade

51 94 78 0.9 1.6 1.3

Retail trade

350 457 393 2.2 3.0 2.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

72 88 73 1.4 1.7 1.4

Information

30 53 37 1.1 2.0 1.4

Financial activities

69 112 89 0.9 1.4 1.1

Finance and insurance

46 72 51 0.8 1.2 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 40 38 1.2 1.9 1.8

Professional and business services

446 535 382 2.4 2.7 1.9

Education and health services

222 344 277 1.0 1.6 1.3

Educational services

21 40 20 0.6 1.1 0.6

Health care and social assistance

201 304 256 1.1 1.7 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

434 615 504 3.1 4.2 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

39 53 39 2.0 2.5 2.0

Accommodation and food services

396 562 465 3.2 4.4 3.7

Other services

94 97 99 1.7 1.8 1.8

Government

87 132 87 0.4 0.6 0.4

Federal

8 10 10 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

79 122 78 0.4 0.6 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

272 388 291 1.0 1.5 1.1

South

831 1,179 927 1.7 2.3 1.8

Midwest

464 607 497 1.5 1.9 1.6

West

449 629 464 1.5 2.0 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

1,508 1,877 1,583 1.1 1.3 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,447 1,803 1,508 1.2 1.5 1.3

Mining and logging

8 13 16 1.0 1.4 1.7

Construction

229 209 221 3.8 3.3 3.6

Manufacturing

90 114 108 0.7 0.9 0.9

Durable goods

48 56 68 0.6 0.7 0.9

Nondurable goods

42 58 40 0.9 1.3 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

276 318 283 1.0 1.2 1.0

Wholesale trade

39 56 53 0.7 0.9 0.9

Retail trade

190 184 177 1.2 1.2 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

47 78 52 0.9 1.5 1.0

Information

20 26 18 0.7 1.0 0.7

Financial activities

51 49 43 0.6 0.6 0.5

Finance and insurance

30 37 25 0.5 0.6 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 12 18 1.0 0.6 0.9

Professional and business services

342 510 418 1.8 2.6 2.1

Education and health services

126 142 105 0.6 0.7 0.5

Educational services

18 13 12 0.5 0.4 0.3

Health care and social assistance

108 129 93 0.6 0.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

246 349 235 1.7 2.4 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

110 123 108 5.7 5.9 5.5

Accommodation and food services

136 226 128 1.1 1.8 1.0

Other services

59 73 61 1.1 1.3 1.1

Government

61 74 75 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

10 14 13 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local

51 60 62 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

274 369 248 1.1 1.4 0.9

South

487 647 518 1.0 1.3 1.0

Midwest

341 480 475 1.1 1.5 1.5

West

406 381 343 1.3 1.2 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)
Nov.
2013
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014(p)

Total

273 363 303 0.2 0.3 0.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

230 317 264 0.2 0.3 0.2

Mining and logging

2 2 2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Construction

6 24 17 0.1 0.4 0.3

Manufacturing

15 27 11 0.1 0.2 0.1

Durable goods

8 17 6 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

7 9 4 0.2 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

68 108 85 0.3 0.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

6 22 7 0.1 0.4 0.1

Retail trade

51 69 64 0.3 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

11 16 13 0.2 0.3 0.3

Information

9 4 4 0.3 0.2 0.2

Financial activities

26 20 29 0.3 0.2 0.4

Finance and insurance

17 9 27 0.3 0.2 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

8 10 3 0.4 0.5 0.1

Professional and business services

37 58 55 0.2 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

33 33 29 0.2 0.1 0.1

Educational services

4 4 4 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

29 28 25 0.2 0.2 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

31 28 28 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 2 2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

28 26 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

4 14 3 0.1 0.3 0.0

Government

42 46 39 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

8 10 10 0.3 0.4 0.4

State and local

34 36 29 0.2 0.2 0.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

43 70 36 0.2 0.3 0.1

South

94 163 114 0.2 0.3 0.2

Midwest

65 53 71 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

71 77 82 0.2 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: January 13, 2015