Education and Health Services

About the Education and Health Services supersector

The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The education and health services supersector consists of these sectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in education and health services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

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data
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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22,481 22,527 (P) 22,573 (P) 22,640

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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19,723 19,753 (P) 19,790 (P) 19,854

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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3.0% 3.4% 2.7% 2.9%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

 

Job openings

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993 1,009 (P) 1,201  

Hires

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551 535 (P) 597  

Separations

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443 498 (P) 550  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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8.1% 8.3% 8.2% 8.7%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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9.3% 9.5% 9.5% 9.9%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

 

Gross job gains

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930 855 933 961

Gross job losses

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778 818 810 823

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates in education and health services, see the Employment and projected employment by major industry sector table.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$25.60 $25.57 (P) $25.66 (P) $25.71

Average weekly hours

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32.8 32.9 (P) 32.8 (P) 32.8

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Average hourly earnings

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$22.42 $22.39 (P) $22.44 (P) $22.44

Average weekly hours

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32.2 32.2 (P) 32.2 (P) 32.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2012 2013 2014 2015

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$748 $765 $777 $787

Members of unions

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$879 $894 $926 $962

Represented by unions

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$876 $897 $925 $946

Nonunion

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$736 $752 $763 $768

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employer Compensation Costs

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data
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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1.9% 1.9% 1.7% 1.7%

Wages and salaries

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2.0% 2.0% 1.7% 1.8%

12-month percent change: State and local government

 

Total compensation

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2.2% 2.4% 2.7% 2.4%

Wages and salaries

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2.0% 1.9% 1.9% 1.8%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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data
1st quarter 2016
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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33.27 100.0

Wages and salaries

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23.47 70.5

Total benefits

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9.80 29.5

Insurance

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2.92 8.8

Retirement

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1.18 3.5

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in education and health services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2011 2012 2013 2014

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

227 204 209 209

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2014

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

4.2

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.0

Cases involving days away from work

1.1

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.8

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in education and health services.

Establishments

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1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015
4th quarter
2015

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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(P) 1,507,199 (P) 1,518,567 (P) 1,537,768 (P) 1,557,434

Local government

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(P) 72,471 (P) 72,665 (P) 72,784 (P) 72,740

State government

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(P) 14,389 (P) 14,350 (P) 14,416 (P) 14,403

Federal government

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(P) 1,288 (P) 1,339 (P) 1,333 (P) 1,337

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

 

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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278 285 289  

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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262 266 266  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

 

Data extracted on: June 29, 2016