Education and Health Services

About the Education and Health Services supersector

The education and health services supersector is part of the service-providing industries supersector group.

The education and health services supersector consists of these sectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in education and health services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, job openings and labor turnover, union membership and representation, gross job gains and losses, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment, Unemployment, and Openings, Hires, and Separations

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Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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21,362 21,421 (P) 21,466 (P) 21,483

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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18,758 18,807 (P) 18,847 (P) 18,872

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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3.7% 3.9% 4.5% 4.8%

Job openings, hires, and separations (in thousands)

 

Job openings

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783 806 (P) 778  

Hires

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564 517 (P) 605  

Separations

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540 490 (P) 582  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey, Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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8.1% 8.6% 8.1% 8.3%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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9.4% 10.0% 9.3% 9.5%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Dynamic Changes in Employment

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data
1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Dynamic changes in employment (in thousands)

 

Gross job gains

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(1) 1,200 838 886 887

Gross job losses

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743 848 778 778

Footnotes
(1) An administrative event occurred during this quarter

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates in education and health services, see the Employment and projected employment by major industry sector table.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$24.59 $24.64 (P) $24.66 (P) $24.67

Average weekly hours

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32.7 32.8 (P) 32.7 (P) 32.8

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$21.53 $21.55 (P) $21.56 (P) $21.57

Average weekly hours

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32.1 32.0 (P) 32.0 (P) 31.9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$731 $736 $748 $765

Members of unions

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$849 $870 $879 $894

Represented by unions

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$846 $878 $876 $897

Nonunion

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$717 $722 $736 $752

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employer Compensation Costs

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3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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1.7% 1.9% 1.7% 1.8%

Wages and salaries

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1.7% 1.9% 1.6% 1.8%

12-month percent change: State and local government

 

Total compensation

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1.4% 1.7% 1.7% 1.7%

Wages and salaries

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0.9% 1.0% 1.1% 1.1%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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1st quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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31.81 100.0

Wages and salaries

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22.54 70.9

Total benefits

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9.27 29.1

Insurance

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2.68 8.4

Retirement

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1.15 3.6

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in education and health services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2009 2010 2011 2012

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

207 233 227 204

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

5.0 4.8 4.7 4.5

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1

Cases involving days away from work

1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments and the number of establishments experiencing job gains or job losses in education and health services.

Establishments

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1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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(P) 1,413,869 (P) 1,440,125 (P) 1,467,311 (P) 1,484,394

Local government

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(P) 70,335 (P) 70,281 (P) 70,610 (P) 70,127

State government

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(P) 13,342 (P) 13,292 (P) 13,377 (P) 13,240

Federal government

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(P) 1,254 (P) 1,251 (P) 1,239 (P) 1,227

Establishments with changes in employment (in thousands)

 

With job gains (seasonally adjusted)

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(1) 683 267 274 272

With job losses (seasonally adjusted)

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217 276 247 257

Footnotes
(1) An administrative event occurred during this quarter
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Business Employment Dynamics, Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: August 27, 2014