Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services: NAICS 54

About the Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector

The professional, scientific, and technical services sector is part of the professional and business services supersector.

The Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector comprises establishments that specialize in performing professional, scientific, and technical activities for others. These activities require a high degree of expertise and training. The establishments in this sector specialize according to expertise and provide these services to clients in a variety of industries and, in some cases, to households. Activities performed include: legal advice and representation; accounting, bookkeeping, and payroll services; architectural, engineering, and specialized design services; computer services; consulting services; research services; advertising services; photographic services; translation and interpretation services; veterinary services; and other professional, scientific, and technical services.

North American Industry Classification System

The professional, scientific, and technical services sector consists of a single subsector, Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services: NAICS 541. Data published under either the sector or subsector classification are included in the tables below. The subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Legal Services: NAICS 5411
  • Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping, and Payroll Services: NAICS 5412
  • Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services: NAICS 5413
  • Specialized Design Services: NAICS 5414
  • Computer Systems Design and Related Services: NAICS 5415
  • Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services: NAICS 5416
  • Scientific Research and Development Services: NAICS 5417
  • Advertising and Related Services: NAICS 5418
  • Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services: NAICS 5419

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in professional, scientific, and technical services. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014
Nov.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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8,394.7 8,412.1 (P) 8,438.9 (P) 8,476.4

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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6,607.7 6,574.6 (P) 6,642.3  

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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4.0% 3.4% 4.0% 3.4%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.4% 1.2% 1.2% 1.5%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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1.9% 1.8% 1.8% 2.0%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

Accountants and auditors

410,310

Architectural and civil drafters

69,840

Lawyers

386,960

Management analysts

216,220

Market research analysts

 

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for professional, scientific, and technical services.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in real estate and rental and leasing. This section also contains information on the average cost of benefits paid by employers, as well as recent rates of change in wages and total compensation.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$37.48 $37.45 $37.66 (P) $37.66

Average weekly hours

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36.4 36.8 36.6 (P) 36.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$32.20 $32.11 $32.21 (P) $32.28

Average weekly hours

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35.8 36.2 36.1 (P) 36.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$1,124 $1,149 $1,165 $1,172

Members of unions

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$1,157 $1,193 $1,183 $1,169

Represented by unions

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$1,147 $1,211 $1,133 $1,165

Nonunion

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$1,123 $1,149 $1,165 $1,173

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Accountants and auditors

$32.10 $37.18 $66,770 $77,340

Architectural and civil drafters

$23.47 $24.52 $48,820 $51,000

Lawyers

$56.63 $66.63 $117,800 $138,600

Management analysts

$42.05 $49.47 $87,460 $102,900

Market research analysts

       

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Employer Compensation Costs

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4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014
3rd quarter
2014

12-month percent change

 

Total compensation

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1.7% 1.8% 1.7% 1.9%

Wages and salaries

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1.4% 1.3% 1.6% 1.9%

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)



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data
3rd quarter 2014
Compensation component
($ per hour worked)
Percent of total compensation

Compensation costs

 

Total compensation

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47.94 100.0

Wages and salaries

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34.09 71.1

Total benefits

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13.85 28.9

Insurance

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3.35 7.0

Retirement

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1.95 4.1

(Source: Compensation Cost Trends)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in professional, scientific, and technical services. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

78 77 57 (P) 82

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3

Cases involving days away from work

0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in professional, scientific, and technical services.

Establishments

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data
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014
2nd quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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1,088,992 1,096,391 (P) 1,101,242 (P) 1,113,250

Local government

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1,006 1,009 (P) 1,004 (P) 1,014

State government

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352 352 (P) 340 (P) 341

Federal government

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1,421 1,357 (P) 1,369 (P) 1,371

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Monthly Labor Review

See technological change in the Index of the Monthly Labor Review Online (Current Issue).

Career Guide to Industries

See advertising and public relations services, computer systems design and related services, management, scientific, and technical consulting services and scientific research and development services in the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: December 18, 2014