Postal Service: NAICS 491

About the Postal Service subsector

The postal service subsector is part of the transportation and warehousing sector.

The Postal Service subsector includes the activities of the National Post Office and its subcontractors operating under a universal service obligation to provide mail services, and using the infrastructure required to fulfill that obligation. These services include delivering letters and small parcels. These articles can be described as those that can be handled by one person without using special equipment. This allows the collection, pick-up, and delivery operations to be done with limited labor costs and minimal equipment. Sorting and transportation activities, where necessary, are generally mechanized. The restriction to small parcels distinguishes these establishments from those in the transportation industries. These establishments may also provide express delivery services using the infrastructure established for provision of basic mail services.

North American Industry Classification System

The postal service subsector consists of a single industry group, Postal Service: NAICS 4911.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in postal service. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry , data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2015

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

4,120

Postal service clerks

78,660

Postal service mail carriers

315,940

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

109,900

Postmasters and mail superintendents

14,770

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Earnings

Recent hourly and annual earnings for occupations commonly found in postal service.

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2015
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

33.23 33.25 69,130 69,160

Postal service clerks

27.30 23.60 56,790 49,090

Postal service mail carriers

28.02 24.58 58,280 51,130

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

27.28 24.35 56,740 50,650

Postmasters and mail superintendents

33.96 33.92 70,640 70,540

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities in postal service.

Data series 2011 2012 2013 2014

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

19 22 20 17

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Producer price index

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(P) 218.4 (P) 218.4 (P) 221.0 (P) 221.0

Percent change from previous month

  (P) 0.0% (P) 0.0% (P) 1.2% (P) 0.0%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in postal service. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2014
1st quarter
2015
2nd quarter
2015
3rd quarter
2015

Number of establishments

 

Federal government

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29,142 (P) 29,129 (P) 29,275 (P) 29,217

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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97.791 98.145 96.471  

Percent change from previous year

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-4.1 0.4 -1.7  

Labor index, total labor hours

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72.754 71.570 71.168 71.991

Percent change from previous year

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-2.4 -1.6 -0.6 1.2

Output index

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71.147 70.242 68.656  

Percent change from previous year

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-6.4 -1.3 -2.3  

Unit labor costs index

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118.197 112.126 116.801  

Percent change from previous year

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6.1 -5.1 4.2  

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: April 29, 2016