Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing: NAICS 324

About the Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing subsector

The petroleum and coal products manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

The Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing subsector is based on the transformation of crude petroleum and coal into usable products. The dominant process is petroleum refining that involves the separation of crude petroleum into component products through such techniques as cracking and distillation.

In addition, this subsector includes establishments that primarily further process refined petroleum and coal products and produce products, such as asphalt coatings and petroleum lubricating oils.

North American Industry Classification System

The petroleum and coal products manufacturing subsector consists of a single industry group, Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing: NAICS 3241.

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in petroleum and coal products manufacturing. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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113.0 114.1 (P) 114.0 (P) 114.3

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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72.3 73.8 (P) 73.6 (P) 74.1

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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1.4% 0.6% 0.0% 2.7%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, Current Population Survey

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

7,180

Maintenance and repair workers, general

 

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

3,850

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

20,580

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

2,600

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for petroleum and coal products manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in petroleum and coal products manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$37.34 $37.48 (P) $37.98 (P) $37.35

Average weekly hours

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43.3 42.9 (P) 42.8 (P) 43.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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data
May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$35.88 $35.72 (P) $35.88 (P) $35.33

Average weekly hours

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46.1 46.0 (P) 46.0 (P) 46.7

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$40.88 $40.84 $85,020 $84,950

Maintenance and repair workers, general

       

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

$17.85 $19.06 $37,120 $39,650

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

$31.43 $31.20 $65,370 $64,890

Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer

$18.97 $20.50 $39,460 $42,650

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in petroleum and coal products manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

11   14 (P) 7

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

1.5 2.0 1.5  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

0.9 1.0 0.9  

Cases involving days away from work

0.6 0.5 0.5  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.3 0.6 0.4  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

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May
2014
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 363.5 (P) 362.4 (P) 361.0 (P) 358.8

Percent change from previous month

  (P) -1.6% (P) -0.3% (P) -0.4% (P) -0.6%

Import index

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164.7 (R) 165.8 (R) 161.3 155.0

Percent change from previous month

  4.2% (R) 0.7% (R) -2.7% (R) -3.9%

Export index

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(R) 165.9 162.1 (R) 164.3 159.7

Percent change from previous month

  (R) 0.6% (R) -2.3% (R) 1.4% (R) -2.8%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in petroleum and coal products manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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1st quarter
2013
2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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(P) 2,336 (P) 2,374 (P) 2,377 (P) 2,392

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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114.176 115.704 105.635  

Percent change from previous year

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5.1 1.3 -8.7  

Labor index, total labor hours

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94.723 94.695 104.726 101.706

Percent change from previous year

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-1.0 0.0 10.6 -2.9

Output index

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108.151 109.566 110.628  

Percent change from previous year

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4.1 1.3 1.0  

Unit labor costs index

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130.884 134.808 142.042  

Percent change from previous year

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-3.4 3.0 5.4  

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: September 16, 2014