Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 315

About the Apparel Manufacturing subsector

The apparel manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Apparel Manufacturing subsector group establishments with two distinct manufacturing processes: (1) cut and sew (i.e., purchasing fabric and cutting and sewing to make a garment), and (2) the manufacture of garments in establishments that first knit fabric and then cut and sew the fabric into a garment. The Apparel Manufacturing subsector includes a diverse range of establishments manufacturing full lines of ready-to-wear apparel and custom apparel: apparel contractors, performing cutting or sewing operations on materials owned by others; jobbers performing entrepreneurial functions involved in apparel manufacture; and tailors, manufacturing custom garments for individual clients are all included. Knitting, when done alone, is classified in the Textile Mills subsector, but when knitting is combined with the production of complete garments, the activity is classified in Apparel Manufacturing.

North American Industry Classification System

The apparel manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Apparel Knitting Mills: NAICS 3151
  • Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3152
  • Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing: NAICS 3159

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in apparel manufacturing. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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132.1 131.7 (P) 131.4 (P) 131.5

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

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96.9 96.6 (P) 96.5 (P) 97.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

4,260

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

3,940

Sewing machine operators

60,270

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

4,630

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

2,690

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for apparel manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in apparel manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$17.09 $17.35 (P) $17.48 (P) $17.12

Average weekly hours

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36.7 36.4 (P) 36.3 (P) 36.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$13.39 $13.49 (P) $13.59 (P) $13.54

Average weekly hours

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38.4 38.5 (P) 38.2 (P) 38.5

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$18.81 $20.92 $39,130 $43,510

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

$10.51 $12.47 $21,860 $25,930

Sewing machine operators

$9.27 $10.34 $19,280 $21,510

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

$10.47 $11.47 $21,780 $23,850

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

$10.42 $10.82 $21,680 $22,510

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in apparel manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2008 2009 2010 2011

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

4     6

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

2.6 (1) 2.6 (1) 3.0  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.2 (1) 1.3 (1) 1.5  

Cases involving days away from work

0.6 (1) 0.4 (1) 0.7  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.5 (1) 0.9 (1) 0.8  

Footnotes
(1) Industry scope changed in 2009

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 110.5 (P) 111.3 (P) 111.1 (P) 111.1

Percent change from previous month

  (P) -0.1% (P) 0.7% (P) -0.2% (P) 0.0%

Import index

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(R) 111.0 (R) 111.2 (R) 111.5 111.9

Percent change from previous month

  (R) 0.0% (R) 0.2% (R) 0.3% (R) 0.4%

Export index

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Percent change from previous month

         

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in apparel manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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7,065 7,075 7,024 (P) 7,086

Local government

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State government

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1 1 1 (P) 1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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55.525 57.165 56.323  

Percent change from previous year

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5.9 3.0 -1.5  

Labor index, total labor hours

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49.308 46.738 45.756 43.783

Percent change from previous year

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-4.0 -5.2 -2.1 -4.3

Output index

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27.378 26.718 25.771  

Percent change from previous year

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1.7 -2.4 -3.5  

Unit labor costs index

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153.148 152.475 153.766  

Percent change from previous year

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-6.6 -0.4 0.8  

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

Career Guide to Industries

See textile, textile product, and apparel manufacturing in the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: October 29, 2014