Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction: NAICS 21

About the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector

The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector is part of the natural resources and mining supersector.

The Mining sector comprises establishments that extract naturally occurring mineral solids, such as coal and ores; liquid minerals, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. The term mining is used in the broad sense to include quarrying, well operations, beneficiating (e.g., crushing, screening, washing, and flotation), and other preparation customarily performed at the mine site, or as a part of mining activity.

North American Industry Classification System

The mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector consists of these subsectors:

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment and unemployment in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. While most data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys, information on industry unemployment comes from a national survey of households. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, the unemployment rate of those previously employed in the industry, union membership and representation, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment and Unemployment

Data series Back
data
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Employment (in thousands)

 

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

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861.6 863.4 (P) 871.3 (P) 872.7

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees

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631.3 635.3 (P) 640.1  

Unemployment

 

Unemployment rate

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3.0% 6.3% 6.1% 4.5%

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics, and Current Population Survey)

Union Membership and Representation

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data
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Members of unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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8.0% 7.2% 7.2% 5.4%

Represented by unions (percent of wage and salary workers)

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8.8% 7.8% 7.7% 6.6%

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2013

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

32,560

Helpers--extraction workers

19,380

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

3,930

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

31,650

Roustabouts, oil and gas

60,950

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours, as well as weekly earnings by union membership status, are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

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data
Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$31.53 $31.30 $31.35 (P) $31.53

Average weekly hours

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45.6 44.8 45.3 (P) 45.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

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Jun.
2014
Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014

Average hourly earnings

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$27.13 $27.42 $27.29 (P) $27.37

Average weekly hours

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48.4 47.7 48.5 (P) 48.1

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Union Membership and Representation

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Median weekly earnings
2010 2011 2012 2013

Union membership and representation

 

Full-time workers

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$1,032 $1,064 $1,112 $1,119

Members of unions

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$1,076 $1,030 $1,119 $1,075

Represented by unions

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$1,053 $1,005 $1,112 $995

Nonunion

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$1,026 $1,069 $1,113 $1,130

(Source: Current Population Survey)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2013
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers

$34.71 $36.64 $72,190 $76,200

Helpers--extraction workers

$16.78 $17.27 $34,910 $35,910

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

$42.51 $47.91 $88,420 $99,640

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

$20.48 $21.55 $42,600 $44,820

Roustabouts, oil and gas

$16.78 $17.52 $34,890 $36,430

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2010 2011 2012 2013

Fatalities

 

Number of fatalities

172 155 181 (P) 154

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

 

Total recordable cases

2.3 2.2 2.1  

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.4 1.4 1.3  

Cases involving days away from work

1.0 0.9 0.9  

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.4 0.5 0.4  

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

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Jul.
2014
Aug.
2014
Sep.
2014
Oct.
2014

Producer price index

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(P) 240.4 (P) 231.5 (P) 229.5 (P) 216.6

Percent change from previous month

  (P) -2.6% (P) -3.7% (P) -0.9% (P) -5.6%

Import index

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172.8 (R) 164.8 (R) 161.2 150.0

Percent change from previous month

  -1.1% (R) -4.6% (R) -2.2% (R) -6.9%

Export index

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91.3 88.8 (R) 88.1 87.5

Percent change from previous month

  -3.8% -2.7% (R) -0.8% (R) -0.7%

Footnotes
(R) Revised
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

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2nd quarter
2013
3rd quarter
2013
4th quarter
2013
1st quarter
2014

Number of establishments

 

Private industry

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34,832 35,121 35,300 (P) 35,650

Local government

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9 9 9 (P) 9

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

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2010 2011 2012 2013

Labor productivity index, output per hour

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73.876 65.673 66.071 71.668

Percent change from previous year

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-2.9 -11.1 0.6 8.5

Labor index, total labor hours

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134.401 157.956 170.157 169.984

Percent change from previous year

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5.5 17.5 7.7 -0.1

Output index

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99.289 103.734 112.425 121.823

Percent change from previous year

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2.5 4.5 8.4 8.4

Unit labor costs index

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202.442 225.111 230.673 218.269

Percent change from previous year

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6.1 11.2 2.5 -5.4

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

Other BLS Resources

The Editor's Desk

See industry studies in the subject matter index of The Editor's Desk (Current Edition).

Career Guide to Industries

To learn about careers from an industry perspective, see the Career Guide to Industries.

 

Data extracted on: November 21, 2014