News Release Information

16-733-DAL
Tuesday, May 24, 2016

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2015

From June 2015 to September 2015 gross job losses in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 100,050, while gross job gains numbered 98,922, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,128, compared to the previous quarter when gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 6,618. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job losses in Louisiana fell by more than 8,700 between June and September 2015 after increasing by about 800 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Louisiana’s gross job losses have remained above 100,000 for three consecutive quarters. Gross job gains declined by more than 3,200 in the three months ended in September 2015 after increasing by about 3,400 in the previous quarter.

Gross job losses represented 6.2 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana in the quarter ended in September 2015, while nationally gross job losses accounted for 5.8 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Louisiana’s rates of gross job loss have exceeded the national averages since the second quarter of 2009. Gross jobs gains in the state also represented 6.2 percent of private sector employment in the latest period, compared to the national rate of 6.1 percent. With only two exceptions (June 2013 and June 2015), Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain have equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates for over a decade since December 2004.

During the third quarter of 2015, Louisiana gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 7 of the 11 industry sectors. The information and manufacturing sectors experienced the largest net job losses during the quarter. While 1,926 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments in the information sector, 3,822 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments for a net loss of 1,896. In manufacturing, 4,924 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 6,564 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net loss of 1,640. (See table 1.)

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in four industry sectors in the state. The construction and education and health services sectors had the largest net job gains in this quarter. In the construction sector, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,002. Although 10,897 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, 13,899 jobs were gained at opening and expanding establishments. Within education and health services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,783.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2015 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2016.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

107,909 110,344 98,762 102,189 98,922 6.8 6.8 6.1 6.3 6.2

At expanding establishments

90,992 91,155 79,374 85,854 81,633 5.7 5.6 4.9 5.3 5.1

At opening establishments

16,917 19,189 19,388 16,335 17,289 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

94,961 94,750 107,998 108,807 100,050 5.9 5.8 6.7 6.8 6.2

At contracting establishments

78,012 81,361 91,954 93,000 85,312 4.8 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.3

At closing establishments

16,949 13,389 16,044 15,807 14,738 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

12,948 15,594 -9,236 -6,618 -1,128 0.9 1.0 -0.6 -0.5 0.0

Construction

 

Gross job gains

17,435 12,472 13,305 13,641 13,899 12.5 8.8 9.5 9.9 9.9

At expanding establishments

15,807 10,177 11,149 12,127 12,438 11.3 7.2 8.0 8.8 8.9

At opening establishments

1,628 2,295 2,156 1,514 1,461 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

10,627 15,869 14,864 14,864 10,897 7.6 11.1 10.6 10.7 7.8

At contracting establishments

9,107 14,402 13,136 13,205 9,656 6.5 10.1 9.4 9.5 6.9

At closing establishments

1,520 1,467 1,728 1,659 1,241 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.9

Net employment change (2)

6,808 -3,397 -1,559 -1,223 3,002 4.9 -2.3 -1.1 -0.8 2.1

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

5,787 6,181 5,985 5,642 4,924 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.5

At expanding establishments

5,242 5,684 5,490 5,104 4,523 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.2

At opening establishments

545 497 495 538 401 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

5,921 5,930 7,266 7,919 6,564 4.0 4.1 5.0 5.4 4.6

At contracting establishments

5,209 5,247 6,583 7,428 5,935 3.5 3.6 4.5 5.1 4.2

At closing establishments

712 683 683 491 629 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-134 251 -1,281 -2,277 -1,640 0.0 0.1 -1.0 -1.5 -1.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

3,748 3,384 3,261 3,208 2,835 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.0

At expanding establishments

3,092 2,822 2,776 2,650 2,418 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.4

At opening establishments

656 562 485 558 417 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

2,879 3,039 3,446 4,265 3,109 3.9 4.1 4.7 5.9 4.3

At contracting establishments

2,223 2,456 2,786 3,573 2,542 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.9 3.5

At closing establishments

656 583 660 692 567 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

869 345 -185 -1,057 -274 1.2 0.5 -0.2 -1.5 -0.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

13,736 15,181 14,103 14,502 13,029 6.0 6.6 6.0 6.2 5.5

At expanding establishments

11,674 12,910 11,708 12,273 10,830 5.1 5.6 5.0 5.2 4.6

At opening establishments

2,062 2,271 2,395 2,229 2,199 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

13,688 11,880 13,960 12,805 13,521 6.0 5.2 6.0 5.5 5.7

At contracting establishments

11,743 10,528 12,291 11,247 11,785 5.1 4.6 5.3 4.8 5.0

At closing establishments

1,945 1,352 1,669 1,558 1,736 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

48 3,301 143 1,697 -492 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.7 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,377 5,128 3,686 3,710 4,192 5.8 6.6 4.7 4.9 5.6

At expanding establishments

3,794 4,523 2,667 3,110 3,544 5.0 5.8 3.4 4.1 4.7

At opening establishments

583 605 1,019 600 648 0.8 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

2,912 3,416 5,541 5,007 4,586 3.8 4.4 7.2 6.6 6.1

At contracting establishments

2,438 2,952 4,867 4,541 3,939 3.2 3.8 6.3 6.0 5.2

At closing establishments

474 464 674 466 647 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,465 1,712 -1,855 -1,297 -394 2.0 2.2 -2.5 -1.7 -0.5

Information

 

Gross job gains

2,262 3,723 1,732 3,068 1,926 8.8 14.3 6.6 11.8 7.3

At expanding establishments

1,872 3,518 1,487 2,888 1,719 7.3 13.5 5.7 11.1 6.5

At opening establishments

390 205 245 180 207 1.5 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

3,623 1,359 2,987 1,979 3,822 14.0 5.2 11.5 7.5 14.4

At contracting establishments

3,279 1,130 2,603 1,837 3,609 12.7 4.3 10.0 7.0 13.6

At closing establishments

344 229 384 142 213 1.3 0.9 1.5 0.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,361 2,364 -1,255 1,089 -1,896 -5.2 9.1 -4.9 4.3 -7.1

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

5,333 4,765 4,698 4,300 4,271 6.0 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.9

At expanding establishments

4,385 3,572 3,700 3,590 3,397 4.9 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.9

At opening establishments

948 1,193 998 710 874 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8 1.0

Gross job losses

4,809 4,754 5,105 4,751 4,982 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.4 5.7

At contracting establishments

3,659 3,969 4,065 3,865 4,016 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.6

At closing establishments

1,150 785 1,040 886 966 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.1

Net employment change (2)

524 11 -407 -451 -711 0.6 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.8

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

17,000 20,477 17,630 17,986 16,778 8.1 9.5 8.2 8.4 7.9

At expanding establishments

13,705 16,350 14,135 14,579 13,444 6.5 7.6 6.6 6.8 6.3

At opening establishments

3,295 4,127 3,495 3,407 3,334 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6

Gross job losses

15,547 15,144 18,748 18,327 17,301 7.3 7.0 8.7 8.6 8.1

At contracting establishments

12,121 12,516 15,007 14,065 14,116 5.7 5.8 7.0 6.6 6.6

At closing establishments

3,426 2,628 3,741 4,262 3,185 1.6 1.2 1.7 2.0 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,453 5,333 -1,118 -341 -523 0.8 2.5 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

13,578 12,185 12,256 12,875 13,585 4.8 4.2 4.3 4.5 4.7

At expanding establishments

11,691 10,085 9,522 10,830 11,580 4.1 3.5 3.3 3.8 4.0

At opening establishments

1,887 2,100 2,734 2,045 2,005 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

9,914 10,695 11,345 12,830 10,802 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.5 3.7

At contracting establishments

7,740 8,886 9,130 10,681 8,724 2.7 3.1 3.2 3.7 3.0

At closing establishments

2,174 1,809 2,215 2,149 2,078 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

3,664 1,490 911 45 2,783 1.3 0.5 0.3 0.0 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

17,113 19,203 16,174 16,661 16,613 7.7 8.6 7.2 7.3 7.3

At expanding establishments

13,483 15,318 11,930 13,206 12,362 6.1 6.9 5.3 5.8 5.4

At opening establishments

3,630 3,885 4,244 3,455 4,251 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.9

Gross job losses

17,243 15,451 14,716 15,416 16,286 7.8 6.9 6.5 6.8 7.2

At contracting establishments

14,132 13,211 12,703 13,242 14,085 6.4 5.9 5.6 5.8 6.2

At closing establishments

3,111 2,240 2,013 2,174 2,201 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-130 3,752 1,458 1,245 327 -0.1 1.7 0.7 0.5 0.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,154 3,243 3,036 3,364 3,303 7.1 7.3 6.8 7.5 7.3

At expanding establishments

2,587 2,691 2,414 2,640 2,620 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.9 5.8

At opening establishments

567 552 622 724 683 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

3,131 2,843 3,184 3,046 3,288 7.1 6.4 7.1 6.8 7.3

At contracting establishments

2,556 2,406 2,595 2,497 2,713 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.6 6.0

At closing establishments

575 437 589 549 575 1.3 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.3

Net employment change (2)

23 400 -148 318 15 0.0 0.9 -0.3 0.7 0.0

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.



Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
June
2015
Sept.
2015

United States(1)

6.3 6.6 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.8

Alabama

5.9 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.3 5.6

Alaska

9.5 10.6 10.4 10.6 9.0 10.4 10.4 9.2 10.8 10.2

Arizona

6.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.8 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.7 5.4

Arkansas

6.0 6.6 5.4 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.1 5.7 5.3 5.2

California

7.1 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.8

Colorado

7.3 7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.4

Connecticut

5.2 5.4 4.8 5.8 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.1 4.8 5.8

Delaware

6.3 7.0 5.7 7.6 6.1 6.2 5.4 7.3 5.6 6.1

District of Columbia

5.7 5.5 5.5 6.2 6.2 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.5

Florida

7.3 7.1 6.3 6.9 6.8 6.1 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.8

Georgia

6.8 6.9 6.2 6.7 6.5 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.9

Hawaii

5.3 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.4 4.8 5.0 4.8

Idaho

7.5 8.0 9.1 7.5 7.8 7.3 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.1

Illinois

5.7 6.2 5.8 6.2 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.7

Indiana

5.4 6.3 5.3 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.3

Iowa

5.8 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.9 6.0

Kansas

5.7 6.2 5.7 6.0 5.7 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.8 5.7

Kentucky

6.2 6.6 5.5 6.4 6.0 5.5 5.3 6.0 5.5 5.6

Louisiana

6.8 6.8 6.1 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.8 6.7 6.8 6.2

Maine

6.7 7.2 6.5 8.0 6.5 7.0 7.2 7.0 6.4 7.1

Maryland

6.5 6.7 5.9 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.9 6.3

Massachusetts

5.7 6.0 5.1 6.3 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.0 5.6

Michigan

5.4 6.2 5.2 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.7

Minnesota

5.6 5.8 5.6 6.1 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.9

Mississippi

6.2 6.9 5.5 6.3 6.2 6.0 5.4 6.4 5.9 5.8

Missouri

5.7 6.3 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.2 5.5

Montana

8.1 8.5 9.1 8.0 7.6 8.1 8.0 7.2 8.4 7.7

Nebraska

6.0 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.5

Nevada

6.6 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.2 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.3

New Hampshire

5.9 6.9 5.7 6.8 6.0 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.9 6.3

New Jersey

6.3 6.9 5.8 7.1 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9 6.1

New Mexico

6.6 7.2 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.5

New York

6.4 6.6 5.9 6.7 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.8 6.0

North Carolina

6.2 6.5 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.6

North Dakota

8.2 8.7 7.1 6.7 7.1 6.9 6.7 8.7 11.3 8.5

Ohio

5.5 6.1 5.4 6.0 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.2 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 5.5 6.1 6.5 6.1

Oregon

7.0 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.0 6.2 6.3 5.7 6.1 6.4

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.6 4.9 5.6 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.2 4.9 5.2

Rhode Island

5.9 6.4 5.3 6.6 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.7

South Carolina

6.0 6.8 5.7 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.0 5.5 5.6 5.8

South Dakota

6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.9 6.1

Tennessee

5.7 6.2 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.0 4.8 5.2 4.8 5.1

Texas

6.1 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.1 5.0 5.7 5.5 5.5

Utah

7.1 7.2 7.3 6.9 7.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.9

Vermont

6.9 7.5 6.8 7.3 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.6

Virginia

5.6 5.8 6.0 6.4 6.9 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.9

Washington

7.1 6.9 6.7 7.2 6.5 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.8 6.7

West Virginia

6.2 6.6 6.0 6.3 5.8 6.5 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.8

Wisconsin

5.5 5.8 5.4 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.6

Wyoming

8.3 9.3 8.9 7.8 8.3 8.5 8.0 8.9 10.9 8.7

Puerto Rico

5.6 6.4 5.3 5.8 6.2 6.0 4.9 6.4 6.8 6.3

Virgin Islands

6.6 6.2 5.5 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.9 6.7 7.4

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 24, 2016