Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013

51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
19,840 3.2 % $17.94 $37,320 1.1 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $11.03 $13.39 $17.05 $21.85 $26.79
Annual Wage (2) $22,950 $27,850 $35,450 $45,440 $55,730


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 3,110 3.85 $17.87 $37,170
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 2,090 5.27 $15.62 $32,490
Rubber Product Manufacturing 1,640 1.25 $17.92 $37,270
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,170 1.37 $15.73 $32,710
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,090 1.54 $17.36 $36,120

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Clay Product and Refractory Manufacturing 2,090 5.27 $15.62 $32,490
Lime and Gypsum Product Manufacturing 490 3.98 $20.31 $42,240
Glass and Glass Product Manufacturing 3,110 3.85 $17.87 $37,170
Other Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,090 1.54 $17.36 $36,120
Sawmills and Wood Preservation 1,170 1.37 $15.73 $32,710

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 710 0.67 $23.98 $49,890
Cement and Concrete Product Manufacturing 440 0.26 $23.56 $48,990
Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing 110 0.02 $22.07 $45,910
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 640 0.70 $21.76 $45,260
Metal Ore Mining 540 1.19 $21.50 $44,710


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ohio 1,540 0.30 2.01 $16.59 $34,520
North Carolina 1,500 0.38 2.54 $20.66 $42,960
Texas 1,080 0.10 0.66 $16.08 $33,450
Indiana 1,080 0.38 2.52 $19.85 $41,290
Alabama 980 0.53 3.55 $19.07 $39,670




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alabama 980 0.53 3.55 $19.07 $39,670
Oklahoma 620 0.39 2.64 $17.44 $36,270
Arkansas 440 0.39 2.57 $16.10 $33,490
North Carolina 1,500 0.38 2.54 $20.66 $42,960
Indiana 1,080 0.38 2.52 $19.85 $41,290




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Virginia 450 0.12 0.83 $22.34 $46,470
Maryland 80 0.03 0.22 $21.49 $44,700
North Carolina 1,500 0.38 2.54 $20.66 $42,960
Nevada 130 0.11 0.75 $20.38 $42,390
Illinois 760 0.13 0.89 $20.20 $42,020





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 470 1.75 11.67 $23.81 $49,520
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 380 0.10 0.68 $20.36 $42,350
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 370 0.09 0.63 $19.50 $40,560
Columbus, OH 330 0.35 2.37 $16.52 $34,370
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 330 0.33 2.19 $17.05 $35,450
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX Metropolitan Division 280 0.13 0.88 $15.10 $31,410
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.55 3.67 $23.86 $49,630
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division 200 0.14 0.92 $16.07 $33,430
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 190 0.18 1.22 $20.00 $41,590
Pittsburgh, PA 180 0.16 1.06 $17.48 $36,360




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 110 1.86 12.46 $17.10 $35,570
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 470 1.75 11.67 $23.81 $49,520
Wausau, WI 50 0.75 5.04 $14.88 $30,940
Glens Falls, NY 30 0.63 4.24 (8) (8)
Medford, OR 50 0.60 3.99 $16.67 $34,680
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.55 3.67 $23.86 $49,630
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 80 0.40 2.67 $16.23 $33,750
Tulsa, OK 150 0.36 2.40 $14.97 $31,150
Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 50 0.36 2.39 $17.06 $35,480
Columbus, OH 330 0.35 2.37 $16.52 $34,370




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 40 0.13 0.90 $28.22 $58,690
Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 60 0.19 1.29 $26.28 $54,670
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 40 0.06 0.41 $26.22 $54,530
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 30 0.03 0.22 $24.72 $51,410
Tacoma, WA Metropolitan Division 40 0.15 0.98 $23.91 $49,730
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 270 0.55 3.67 $23.86 $49,630
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 470 1.75 11.67 $23.81 $49,520
Stockton, CA 50 0.26 1.71 $21.33 $44,360
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 70 0.21 1.42 $20.80 $43,260
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 380 0.10 0.68 $20.36 $42,350

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 380 2.80 18.74 $14.01 $29,130
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 350 1.20 8.00 $23.41 $48,690
Other Ohio nonmetropolitan area 250 0.91 6.07 $19.73 $41,040
Southeastern Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 220 1.35 9.03 $15.64 $32,530
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 180 0.64 4.27 $19.22 $39,990

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northeast Alabama nonmetropolitan area 380 2.80 18.74 $14.01 $29,130
Lower Savannah South Carolina nonmetropolitan area 110 1.93 12.93 $12.57 $26,140
Southwestern Washington nonmetropolitan area 120 1.85 12.37 $15.94 $33,160
Southeastern Oklahoma nonmetropolitan area 220 1.35 9.03 $15.64 $32,530
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 350 1.20 8.00 $23.41 $48,690

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Nevada nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $26.94 $56,030
Southwest Maine nonmetropolitan area 40 0.23 1.50 $26.30 $54,710
Southwest Alabama nonmetropolitan area 100 0.75 5.03 $23.46 $48,800
Other North Carolina nonmetropolitan area 350 1.20 8.00 $23.41 $48,690
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 70 0.38 2.53 $20.36 $42,360


About May 2013 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: April 1, 2014