Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2014

19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists

Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants or trees, shrubs, and nursery stock, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
15,150 3.9 % $31.10 $64,680 1.0 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $17.27 $21.96 $28.81 $37.29 $48.29
Annual Wage (2) $35,920 $45,670 $59,920 $77,550 $100,440


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 3,230 0.51 $33.89 $70,480
Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools 2,560 0.09 $27.58 $57,370
Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 2,280 0.19 $27.67 $57,560
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,690 0.51 $32.30 $67,170
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,370 0.07 $39.09 $81,300

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Scientific Research and Development Services 3,230 0.51 $33.89 $70,480
Miscellaneous Nondurable Goods Merchant Wholesalers 1,690 0.51 $32.30 $67,170
Farm Product Raw Material Merchant Wholesalers 290 0.38 $30.66 $63,780
Tobacco Manufacturing 30 0.24 $39.01 $81,140
Museums, Historical Sites, and Similar Institutions 320 0.22 $24.80 $51,580

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Management of Companies and Enterprises 340 0.02 $40.29 $83,800
Federal Executive Branch (OES Designation) 1,370 0.07 $39.09 $81,300
Tobacco Manufacturing 30 0.24 $39.01 $81,140
Sugar and Confectionery Product Manufacturing 30 0.05 $35.92 $74,720
Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores 60 0.04 $34.23 $71,190


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.




States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iowa 2,500 1.65 14.75 $33.86 $70,440
California 2,290 0.15 1.35 $32.66 $67,930
North Carolina 880 0.22 1.94 $33.00 $68,630
Texas 760 0.07 0.60 $29.17 $60,670
Oregon 680 0.41 3.63 $27.39 $56,960



States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iowa 2,500 1.65 14.75 $33.86 $70,440
South Dakota 450 1.11 9.86 $27.19 $56,560
North Dakota 300 0.68 6.04 $31.14 $64,780
Nebraska 510 0.54 4.84 $28.13 $58,500
Oregon 680 0.41 3.63 $27.39 $56,960



Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New Hampshire (8) (8) (8) $43.90 $91,320
Louisiana 50 0.03 0.25 $42.80 $89,030
Mississippi 100 0.09 0.84 $39.74 $82,660
Maryland 180 0.07 0.64 $38.67 $80,430
Arkansas 100 0.08 0.75 $36.26 $75,430




Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 1,170 3.40 30.29 $37.66 $78,340
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 560 0.65 5.82 $37.85 $78,720
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 410 0.11 0.96 $33.11 $68,860
San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, CA Metropolitan Division 260 0.24 2.13 (8) (8)
Ames, IA 250 5.95 53.03 $31.26 $65,020
St. Louis, MO-IL 250 0.19 1.71 $27.36 $56,900
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division 250 0.06 0.54 $34.36 $71,470
Raleigh-Cary, NC 240 0.44 3.93 $25.88 $53,830
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 210 1.07 9.52 $24.46 $50,870
Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division 190 0.13 1.17 $30.46 $63,350



Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ames, IA 250 5.95 53.03 $31.26 $65,020
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 1,170 3.40 30.29 $37.66 $78,340
Corvallis, OR 70 2.04 18.19 $40.42 $84,080
Columbia, MO 120 1.30 11.60 $26.34 $54,790
College Station-Bryan, TX 120 1.23 10.93 $27.53 $57,260
Lansing-East Lansing, MI 210 1.07 9.52 $24.46 $50,870
Ithaca, NY 40 0.78 6.93 $35.10 $73,010
Auburn-Opelika, AL 40 0.77 6.86 $31.40 $65,300
Fargo, ND-MN 100 0.72 6.44 $27.69 $57,600
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 100 0.69 6.18 $27.36 $56,920



Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 170 0.07 0.62 $45.50 $94,640
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 120 0.12 1.08 $43.90 $91,310
Corvallis, OR 70 2.04 18.19 $40.42 $84,080
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 30 0.05 0.46 $38.22 $79,510
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 560 0.65 5.82 $37.85 $78,720
Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 1,170 3.40 30.29 $37.66 $78,340
Kennewick-Pasco-Richland, WA 30 0.31 2.76 $37.29 $77,570
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 150 0.08 0.74 $36.12 $75,140
Ithaca, NY 40 0.78 6.93 $35.10 $73,010
Tacoma, WA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $34.62 $72,000

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 300 2.40 21.40 $26.11 $54,300
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 180 0.46 4.11 $28.01 $58,260
Central Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 130 1.19 10.64 $24.78 $51,550
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 2.54 22.69 $28.98 $60,270
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 120 0.53 4.75 $29.79 $61,960

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southeastern Nebraska nonmetropolitan area 120 2.54 22.69 $28.98 $60,270
Eastern South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 300 2.40 21.40 $26.11 $54,300
Central South Dakota nonmetropolitan area 70 1.98 17.66 $30.89 $64,240
Far Eastern North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 50 1.85 16.54 $59.73 $124,250
West Central North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 120 1.83 16.33 $25.36 $52,750

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Far Eastern North Dakota nonmetropolitan area 50 1.85 16.54 $59.73 $124,250
Northeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 40 0.44 3.93 $39.91 $83,010
Northwest Mississippi nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $39.16 $81,450
Northeast Mississippi nonmetropolitan area 30 0.14 1.26 $39.00 $81,120
West Northwestern Ohio nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $36.40 $75,720


About May 2014 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2014 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 25, 2015