Employment Characteristics of Families News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, April 23, 2015                 USDL-15-0689

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378    cpsinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


             EMPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FAMILIES -- 2014


In 2014, 8.0 percent of families included an unemployed person, down from 
9.6 percent in 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Of 
the nation's 80.9 million families, 80.1 percent had at least one employed 
member in 2014.

These data on employment, unemployment, and family relationships are 
collected as part of the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly sample 
survey of approximately 60,000 households. Data in this release are annual 
averages. Families are classified either as married-couple families or as 
families maintained by women or men without spouses present. Unless 
otherwise noted, families include those without children as well as those 
with children under age 18. For further information, see the Technical Note.

Families and Unemployment

The number of families with at least one member unemployed decreased to 
6.5 million in 2014 from 7.7 million in 2013. The proportion of families 
with an unemployed member declined to 8.0 percent in 2014. Black and 
Hispanic families remained more likely to have an unemployed member in 
2014 (14.1 percent and 10.8 percent, respectively) than white and Asian 
families (7.0 percent and 7.5 percent, respectively). (See table 1.)

About two-thirds (68.1 percent) of families with an unemployed member in 
2014 also had at least one family member who was employed, about the same 
as the prior year. Among families with an unemployed family member, 58.9 
percent had at least one family member who was employed full time, up 
from 58.0 percent in 2013. (See table 1.)

Among married-couple families with an unemployed member, the proportion 
of families with at least one employed family member was 80.4 percent in 
2014, up from 79.4 percent in 2013. Among families maintained by women 
(no spouse present) with an unemployed member, 48.4 percent also had an 
employed member in 2014; for families maintained by men (no spouse 
present), the proportion was 57.7 percent. Both proportions were little 
changed from 2013. (See table 3.)

Families and Employment

The share of families with an employed member was about unchanged at 
80.1 percent in 2014. The likelihood of having an employed family member 
rose in 2014 for black families (from 75.7 percent to 76.4 percent) and
for Hispanic families (from 85.1 percent to 85.9 percent). The likelihood
for white and Asian families showed little or no change (80.1 percent and
88.5 percent, respectively). (See table 1.)

In 2014, families maintained by women with no spouse present remained 
less likely to have an employed member (74.4 percent) than families 
maintained by men with no spouse present (83.0 percent) or married-couple 
families (81.4 percent). Both the husband and wife were employed in 47.7 
percent of married-couple families in 2014. The husband was the only 
worker in 19.9 percent of married-couple families, and the wife was the 
only worker in 7.5 percent of these families. (See table 2.)

Families with Children

In 2014, about 43 percent of all families included children under age 18. 
(Children are sons, daughters, step-children, or adopted children living 
in the household. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, other 
related and unrelated children, and children not living in the household.) 
Among the 34.4 million families with children, 88.7 percent had at least 
one employed parent in 2014. Among married-couple families with children, 
96.6 percent had at least one employed parent in 2014. The share of 
married-couple families with children where both parents worked was 60.2 
percent. The mother was employed in 69.4 percent of families with 
children maintained by women with no spouse present in 2014, and the 
father was employed in 81.9 percent of families with children maintained 
by men with no spouse present. (See table 4.)

Parents

The labor force participation rate--the percent of the population working 
or looking for work--for all mothers with children under age 18 was 70.1 
percent in 2014. The participation rate for married mothers with a 
spouse present (67.8 percent) remained lower than the rate for mothers 
with other marital statuses (74.6 percent). (Other marital status refers 
to persons who never married or are widowed, divorced, separated, or 
married but living apart from their spouse.) The unemployment rate for 
married mothers was substantially lower than for mothers with other 
marital statuses--4.0 percent, compared with 10.3 percent. (See table 5.)

Mothers with younger children are less likely to be in the labor force 
than mothers with older children. In 2014, the labor force participation 
rate of mothers with children under 6 years old (64.2 percent) was lower 
than the rate of those whose youngest child was 6 to 17 years old (74.7 
percent). The participation rate of mothers with infants under a year 
old was 57.1 percent. Among mothers with infants, there was little 
difference in the participation rates of married mothers (57.9 percent) 
and those with other marital statuses (55.8 percent). However, the 
unemployment rate for married mothers of infants, at 4.1 percent, was 
considerably lower than the rate for mothers with other marital statuses, 
at 15.6 percent. (See tables 5 and 6.)

In 2014, 92.8 percent of all fathers with children under age 18 
participated in the labor force. The rate for married fathers with a 
spouse present (93.7 percent) continued to be higher than the 
participation rate for fathers with other marital statuses (87.1 
percent). Married fathers had a lower unemployment rate (3.2 percent) 
than fathers with other marital statuses (8.7 percent). (See table 5.) 




Technical Note

   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from the Current
Population Survey (CPS). The CPS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for
the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible
households that provides information on the labor force status, demographics, and
other characteristics of the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16
and over.

   The data presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for
earlier years due to the introduction of updated population estimates, or controls,
used in the CPS. The population controls are updated each year in January to reflect
the latest information about population change. Additional information is available from
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request: Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and
this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a
90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will
differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of
sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of
confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   Information about the reliability of data from the CPS and guidance on estimating standard
errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Definitions

   Definitions of the principal terms used in this release are presented below.

   Family. A family is a group of two or more persons residing together who are related
by birth, marriage, or adoption. The count of families is for "primary" families only,
that is, the householder and all other persons related to and residing with the householder.
Families are classified either as married-couple families or as families maintained by
women or men without spouses. Families include those without children as well as those with
children under 18.

   Householder. The householder is the family reference person. This is the person (or one
of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. The relationship of other
individuals in the household is defined in terms of relationship to the householder. The
race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder. 

   Married, spouse present; other marital status. These terms denote the marital status of
individuals at the time of interview. Married, spouse present, refers to husbands and wives
living together in the same household, even though one may be temporarily absent on business,
on vacation, on a visit, in a hospital, or for other reasons. Other marital status includes
persons who are never-married; married, spouse absent; separated; widowed; or divorced. 
Separated includes persons with legal separations, those living apart with intentions of 
obtaining a divorce, and other people permanently or temporarily separated because of marital
discord. Married, spouse absent, includes married people living apart because either the 
husband or wife was employed and living at a considerable distance from home, was serving 
away from home in the Armed Forces, had moved to another area, or had a different place of
residence for any other reason except separation as defined above.

   Children. Data on children refer to own children under age 18 that live in the household.
Included are sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or
person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, other related
children, and all unrelated children living in the household.

   Employed. Employed persons are all those who, during the survey reference week, (a) did
any work at all as paid employees; (b) worked in their own business, profession, or on
their own farm; (c) or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated
by a member of the family. Persons who were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness,
vacation, labor disputes, or another reason also are counted as employed.

   Unemployed. The unemployed are persons who had no employment during the reference week,
were available for work at that time, and had made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting
to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not be looking for work to
be classified as unemployed.

   Civilian labor force. The civilian labor force comprises all persons classified as
employed or unemployed.

   Unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the
 civilian labor force.

   Labor force participation rate. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as
a percent of the population.

   Employment-population ratio. The employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent
of the population.




Table 1. Employment and unemployment in families by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2013 2014

EMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

80,445 80,889

With at least one family member employed

64,318 64,832

As a percent of total families

80.0 80.1

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

58,113 58,762

With no family member employed

16,127 16,057

As a percent of total families

20.0 19.9

White

Total families

64,294 64,476

With at least one family member employed

51,471 51,661

As a percent of total families

80.1 80.1

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

46,636 46,937

With no family member employed

12,822 12,815

As a percent of total families

19.9 19.9

Black or African American

Total families

9,737 9,793

With at least one family member employed

7,373 7,481

As a percent of total families

75.7 76.4

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

6,451 6,596

With no family member employed

2,363 2,312

As a percent of total families

24.3 23.6

Asian

Total families

4,156 4,374

With at least one family member employed

3,692 3,872

As a percent of total families

88.8 88.5

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

3,441 3,614

With no family member employed

464 502

As a percent of total families

11.2 11.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

12,023 12,178

With at least one family member employed

10,231 10,456

As a percent of total families

85.1 85.9

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

9,242 9,429

With no family member employed

1,792 1,722

As a percent of total families

14.9 14.1

UNEMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

80,445 80,889

With at least one family member unemployed

7,685 6,486

As a percent of total families

9.6 8.0

Some family member(s) employed

5,192 4,419

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

67.6 68.1

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

4,453 3,819

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

58.0 58.9

White

Total families

64,294 64,476

With at least one family member unemployed

5,471 4,499

As a percent of total families

8.5 7.0

Some family member(s) employed

3,845 3,195

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

70.3 71.0

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

3,310 2,767

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

60.5 61.5

Black or African American

Total families

9,737 9,793

With at least one family member unemployed

1,555 1,376

As a percent of total families

16.0 14.1

Some family member(s) employed

880 780

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

56.6 56.7

Some family member employed full time(1)

733 666

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

47.1 48.4

Asian

Total families

4,156 4,374

With at least one family member unemployed

323 328

As a percent of total families

7.8 7.5

Some family member(s) employed

262 262

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

81.1 79.8

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

232 232

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

72.0 70.9

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

12,023 12,178

With at least one family member unemployed

1,547 1,311

As a percent of total families

12.9 10.8

Some family member(s) employed

1,078 933

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

69.7 71.1

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

919 798

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

59.4 60.9

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.

NOTE: The race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder, the family reference person in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2013 2014 2013 2014

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

Total

58,529 58,806 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

47,722 47,852 81.5 81.4

Husband only

11,755 11,713 20.1 19.9

Wife only

4,578 4,422 7.8 7.5

Husband and wife

27,748 28,042 47.4 47.7

Other employment combinations

3,640 3,676 6.2 6.3

With no family member employed

10,807 10,954 18.5 18.6

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(1)

Total

15,507 15,581 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

11,360 11,585 73.3 74.4

Householder only

6,359 6,368 41.0 40.9

Householder and other member(s)

2,933 3,059 18.9 19.6

Other member(s), not householder

2,069 2,159 13.3 13.9

With no family member employed

4,147 3,995 26.7 25.6

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(1)

Total

6,410 6,502 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

5,236 5,394 81.7 83.0

Householder only

2,529 2,568 39.5 39.5

Householder and other member(s)

1,736 1,891 27.1 29.1

Other member(s), not householder

971 935 15.1 14.4

With no family member employed

1,174 1,108 18.3 17.0

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2013 2014 2013 2014

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

With at least one family member unemployed, total

4,586 3,765 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

3,639 3,028 79.4 80.4

No family member employed

946 737 20.6 19.6

Unemployment of family members

Husband unemployed(1)

1,824 1,398 39.8 37.1

Wife employed

1,134 872 24.7 23.2

Wife unemployed, husband employed or not in labor force

1,346 1,121 29.4 29.8

Husband employed

1,129 943 24.6 25.1

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,416 1,246 30.9 33.1

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

2,165 1,933 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

1,026 936 47.4 48.4

No family member employed

1,139 997 52.6 51.6

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

1,053 892 48.6 46.2

Other member(s) employed

251 216 11.6 11.2

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,112 1,040 51.4 53.8

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

934 789 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

527 455 56.4 57.7

No family member employed

408 333 43.6 42.3

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

550 446 58.8 56.5

Other member(s) employed

238 200 25.5 25.4

Other family member(s) unemployed

385 343 41.2 43.5

Footnotes
(1) Total families with unemployed husbands, including those with unemployed wives.
(2) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2013 2014 2013 2014

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

34,392 34,434 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,336 30,545 88.2 88.7

No parent employed

4,056 3,889 11.8 11.3

Married-couple families

Total

23,259 23,330 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,408 22,528 96.3 96.6

Mother employed

15,200 15,347 65.4 65.8

Both parents employed

13,746 14,033 59.1 60.2

Mother employed, not father

1,454 1,314 6.3 5.6

Father employed, not mother

7,208 7,181 31.0 30.8

Neither parent employed

851 801 3.7 3.4

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

8,575 8,589 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,851 5,958 68.2 69.4

Mother not employed

2,724 2,632 31.8 30.6

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

2,558 2,515 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,077 2,059 81.2 81.9

Father not employed

481 456 18.8 18.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,767 19,850 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,592 17,768 89.0 89.5

No parent employed

2,175 2,082 11.0 10.5

Married-couple families

Total

13,183 13,239 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,676 12,753 96.2 96.3

Mother employed

9,213 9,321 69.9 70.4

Both parents employed

8,291 8,453 62.9 63.9

Mother employed, not father

922 868 7.0 6.6

Father employed, not mother

3,463 3,432 26.3 25.9

Neither parent employed

507 486 3.8 3.7

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

5,125 5,130 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,727 3,811 72.7 74.3

Mother not employed

1,398 1,319 27.3 25.7

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,459 1,481 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,188 1,204 81.4 81.3

Father not employed

271 277 18.6 18.7

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,625 14,584 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,745 12,777 87.1 87.6

No parent employed

1,880 1,807 12.9 12.4

Married-couple families

Total

10,076 10,091 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,732 9,775 96.6 96.9

Mother employed

5,987 6,027 59.4 59.7

Both parents employed

5,455 5,580 54.1 55.3

Mother employed, not father

532 447 5.3 4.4

Father employed, not mother

3,745 3,749 37.2 37.1

Neither parent employed

344 315 3.4 3.1

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

3,450 3,460 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,124 2,147 61.6 62.1

Mother not employed

1,326 1,313 38.4 37.9

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,100 1,034 100.0 100.0

Father employed

889 854 80.9 82.7

Father not employed

210 179 19.1 17.3

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2013 2014
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

65,385 28,947 36,438 65,643 29,040 36,602

Civilian labor force

52,335 26,869 25,466 52,580 26,939 25,641

Participation rate

80.0 92.8 69.9 80.1 92.8 70.1

Employed

49,146 25,540 23,606 49,948 25,899 24,049

Full-time workers(1)

41,844 24,207 17,637 42,727 24,615 18,112

Part-time workers(2)

7,302 1,333 5,969 7,221 1,284 5,937

Employment-population ratio

75.2 88.2 64.8 76.1 89.2 65.7

Unemployed

3,189 1,329 1,860 2,632 1,040 1,592

Unemployment rate

6.1 4.9 7.3 5.0 3.9 6.2

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

49,595 25,035 24,560 49,739 25,098 24,641

Civilian labor force

40,096 23,447 16,650 40,220 23,505 16,715

Participation rate

80.8 93.7 67.8 80.9 93.7 67.8

Employed

38,325 22,478 15,847 38,804 22,762 16,042

Full-time workers(1)

33,196 21,436 11,759 33,773 21,751 12,022

Part-time workers(2)

5,130 1,042 4,088 5,032 1,012 4,020

Employment-population ratio

77.3 89.8 64.5 78.0 90.7 65.1

Unemployed

1,771 969 802 1,415 742 673

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.1 4.8 3.5 3.2 4.0

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,789 3,912 11,878 15,904 3,943 11,961

Civilian labor force

12,238 3,422 8,817 12,360 3,434 8,926

Participation rate

77.5 87.5 74.2 77.7 87.1 74.6

Employed

10,820 3,062 7,759 11,143 3,137 8,007

Full-time workers(1)

8,648 2,771 5,878 8,955 2,864 6,090

Part-time workers(2)

2,172 291 1,881 2,189 272 1,917

Employment-population ratio

68.5 78.3 65.3 70.1 79.6 66.9

Unemployed

1,418 360 1,058 1,217 298 919

Unemployment rate

11.6 10.5 12.0 9.8 8.7 10.3

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,218 16,007 20,212 36,486 16,114 20,372

Civilian labor force

29,815 14,714 15,101 29,989 14,768 15,221

Participation rate

82.3 91.9 74.7 82.2 91.6 74.7

Employed

28,216 14,047 14,169 28,689 14,244 14,445

Full-time workers(1)

24,181 13,361 10,819 24,746 13,594 11,153

Part-time workers(2)

4,035 686 3,349 3,943 650 3,292

Employment-population ratio

77.9 87.8 70.1 78.6 88.4 70.9

Unemployed

1,599 667 933 1,300 524 775

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.5 6.2 4.3 3.6 5.1

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,166 12,940 16,226 29,157 12,927 16,230

Civilian labor force

22,519 12,155 10,365 22,591 12,171 10,420

Participation rate

77.2 93.9 63.9 77.5 94.2 64.2

Employed

20,930 11,493 9,437 21,259 11,655 9,604

Full-time workers(1)

17,663 10,846 6,817 17,981 11,021 6,959

Part-time workers(2)

3,267 647 2,620 3,278 634 2,644

Employment-population ratio

71.8 88.8 58.2 72.9 90.2 59.2

Unemployed

1,589 662 928 1,332 516 816

Unemployment rate

7.1 5.4 8.9 5.9 4.2 7.8

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

180,295 89,609 90,686 182,304 90,707 91,596

Civilian labor force

103,055 55,798 47,256 103,342 55,943 47,399

Participation rate

57.2 62.3 52.1 56.7 61.7 51.7

Employed

94,783 50,813 43,971 96,357 51,793 44,564

Full-time workers(1)

74,470 42,128 32,342 75,991 43,214 32,777

Part-time workers(2)

20,313 8,685 11,629 20,366 8,579 11,787

Employment-population ratio

52.6 56.7 48.5 52.9 57.1 48.7

Unemployed

8,271 4,986 3,285 6,985 4,150 2,835

Unemployment rate

8.0 8.9 7.0 6.8 7.4 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2013 2014
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,211 2,877 3,266 3,069 9,224 2,834 3,293 3,097

Civilian labor force

5,626 1,875 1,995 1,757 5,624 1,799 2,056 1,770

Participation rate

61.1 65.2 61.1 57.3 61.0 63.5 62.4 57.1

Employed

5,113 1,723 1,798 1,593 5,169 1,661 1,880 1,628

Full-time workers(1)

3,615 1,240 1,251 1,124 3,685 1,185 1,325 1,175

Part-time workers(2)

1,497 482 547 469 1,484 477 555 453

Employment-population ratio

55.5 59.9 55.0 51.9 56.0 58.6 57.1 52.6

Unemployed

514 152 197 164 456 137 176 142

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.1 9.9 9.3 8.1 7.6 8.6 8.0

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,224 1,913 2,232 2,080 6,243 1,934 2,300 2,009

Civilian labor force

3,689 1,194 1,299 1,196 3,691 1,153 1,376 1,163

Participation rate

59.3 62.4 58.2 57.5 59.1 59.6 59.8 57.9

Employed

3,503 1,141 1,224 1,138 3,526 1,104 1,307 1,116

Full-time workers(1)

2,541 835 867 839 2,602 807 950 844

Part-time workers(2)

962 305 357 299 925 296 357 271

Employment-population ratio

56.3 59.6 54.9 54.7 56.5 57.1 56.8 55.5

Unemployed

186 54 75 58 165 49 68 47

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.5 5.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 5.0 4.1

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,987 964 1,034 989 2,981 900 993 1,088

Civilian labor force

1,937 681 695 561 1,933 646 681 607

Participation rate

64.9 70.6 67.3 56.7 64.9 71.8 68.6 55.8

Employed

1,610 582 573 455 1,642 558 573 512

Full-time workers(1)

1,075 405 384 285 1,083 377 375 330

Part-time workers(2)

535 177 189 169 559 180 197 182

Employment-population ratio

53.9 60.3 55.5 46.0 55.1 62.0 57.7 47.0

Unemployed

327 99 122 107 291 88 108 95

Unemployment rate

16.9 14.5 17.5 19.0 15.0 13.6 15.8 15.6

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: April 23, 2015