Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                  USDL-16-2233
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 2, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:       (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2016


The unemployment rate declined to 4.6 percent in November, and total nonfarm payroll
employment increased by 178,000, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment gains occurred in professional and business services and in health care.

Household Survey Data

In November, the unemployment rate decreased by 0.3 percentage point to 4.6 percent,
and the number of unemployed persons declined by 387,000 to 7.4 million. Both measures
had shown little movement, on net, from August 2015 through October 2016. (See
table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men declined to 4.3
percent in November. The rates for adult women (4.2 percent), teenagers (15.2 percent),
Whites (4.2 percent), Blacks (8.1 percent), Asians (3.0 percent), and Hispanics (5.7 percent)
showed little or no change over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs edged down by 194,000
to 3.6 million in November. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27
weeks or more) was little changed at 1.9 million and accounted for 24.8 percent of the
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed was down by
198,000. (See tables A-11 and A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, changed little in
November, and the employment-population ratio held at 59.7 percent. These measures
have shown little movement in recent months. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers), at 5.7 million, changed little in November but was
down by 416,000 over the year. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time
employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In November, 1.9 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, up by
215,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 591,000 discouraged workers in November, little
different from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are
available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in November had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or
family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 178,000 in November. Thus far in 2016,
employment growth has averaged 180,000 per month, compared with an average monthly
increase of 229,000 in 2015. In November, employment gains occurred in professional
and business services and in health care. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services rose by 63,000 in November and has
risen by 571,000 over the year. Over the month, accounting and bookkeeping services
added 18,000 jobs. Employment continued to trend up in administrative and support
services (+36,000), computer systems design and related services (+5,000), and
management and technical consulting services (+4,000).

Health care employment rose by 28,000 in November. Within the industry, employment growth
occurred in ambulatory health care services (+22,000). Over the past 12 months, health 
care has added 407,000 jobs.

Employment in construction continued on its recent upward trend in November (+19,000), with
a gain in residential specialty trade contractors (+15,000). Over the past 3 months,
construction has added 59,000 jobs, largely in residential construction.

Employment in other major industries, including mining, manufacturing, wholesale trade,
retail trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, leisure
and hospitality, and government, changed little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 34.4
hours in November. In manufacturing, the workweek declined by 0.2 hour to 40.6 hours,
while overtime was unchanged at 3.3 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
declined by 3 cents to $25.89, following an 11-cent increase in October. Over the year,
average hourly earnings have risen by 2.5 percent. Average hourly earnings of private-
sector production and nonsupervisory employees edged up by 2 cents to $21.73 in November.
(See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised up from +191,000 
to +208,000, and the change for October was revised down from +161,000 to +142,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in September and October combined were 2,000 less than
previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 176,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 6, 2017, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


  _______________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                       |
 |                   Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data               |
 |                                                                                       |
 |In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation news release for December  |
 |2016, scheduled for January 6, 2017, will incorporate annual revisions in seasonally   |
 |adjusted household survey data. Seasonally adjusted data for the most recent 5 years   |
 |are subject to revision.                                                               |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________________|


  _______________________________________________________________________________________
 |                                                                                       |
 |                     Upcoming Changes to the Establishment Survey Data                 |
 |                                                                                       |
 |Effective with the release of January 2017 data on February 3, 2017, the Current       |
 |Employment Statistics (CES) program will begin using an improved methodology to select |
 |models for annual seasonal adjustment processing. See www.bls.gov/ces/cestramo.htm for |
 |more information.                                                                      |
 |_______________________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Change from:
Oct.
2016-
Nov.
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

251,747 254,091 254,321 254,540 219

Civilian labor force

157,367 159,907 159,712 159,486 -226

Participation rate

62.5 62.9 62.8 62.7 -0.1

Employed

149,444 151,968 151,925 152,085 160

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.8 59.7 59.7 0.0

Unemployed

7,924 7,939 7,787 7,400 -387

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.0 4.9 4.6 -0.3

Not in labor force

94,380 94,184 94,609 95,055 446

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.0 5.0 4.9 4.6 -0.3

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.7 4.7 4.6 4.3 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

15.6 15.8 15.6 15.2 -0.4

White

4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 -0.1

Black or African American

9.4 8.3 8.6 8.1 -0.5

Asian

3.9 3.9 3.4 3.0 -0.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.4 6.4 5.7 5.7 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

4.1 4.2 4.0 3.9 -0.1

Less than a high school diploma

6.8 8.5 7.3 7.9 0.6

High school graduates, no college

5.4 5.2 5.5 4.9 -0.6

Some college or associate degree

4.4 4.2 3.8 3.9 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 -0.3

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,873 3,967 3,749 3,555 -194

Job leavers

800 893 949 934 -15

Reentrants

2,449 2,333 2,354 2,274 -80

New entrants

847 805 793 729 -64

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,412 2,574 2,397 2,421 24

5 to 14 weeks

2,253 2,234 2,296 2,136 -160

15 to 26 weeks

1,270 1,157 1,165 1,077 -88

27 weeks and over

2,054 1,974 1,979 1,856 -123

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,085 5,894 5,889 5,669 -220

Slack work or business conditions

3,536 3,618 3,505 3,505 0

Could only find part-time work

2,221 1,969 2,118 1,909 -209

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,171 20,688 20,691 21,018 327

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,717 1,844 1,700 1,932 -

Discouraged workers

594 553 487 591 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

280 208 142 178

Total private

279 205 135 156

Goods-producing

53 21 7 17

Mining and logging

-15 1 -2 2

Construction

65 26 14 19

Manufacturing

3 -6 -5 -4

Durable goods(1)

-12 -6 -1 -6

Motor vehicles and parts

-4.0 -0.7 1.2 1.2

Nondurable goods

15 0 -4 2

Private service-providing

226 184 128 139

Wholesale trade

9.7 11.4 7.9 2.8

Retail trade

51.8 22.5 -8.9 -8.3

Transportation and warehousing

11.8 -3.2 12.2 8.9

Utilities

2.2 0.3 0.7 -0.3

Information

-18 5 -3 -10

Financial activities

18 2 9 6

Professional and business services(1)

48 87 48 63

Temporary help services

0.7 33.6 7.3 14.3

Education and health services(1)

45 38 44 44

Health care and social assistance

42.4 22.5 37.4 34.7

Leisure and hospitality

46 8 15 29

Other services

11 13 3 4

Government

1 3 7 22

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

241 212 175 176

Total private

248 186 157 165

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.7 49.6 49.6

Total private women employees

47.9 48.2 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.3 82.3 82.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$25.27 $25.81 $25.92 $25.89

Average weekly earnings

$871.82 $887.86 $891.65 $890.62

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

104.6 105.8 106.0 106.1

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

126.4 130.6 131.3 131.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.8 0.5 0.0

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

62.2 58.0 59.2 55.5

Manufacturing (79 industries)

55.1 46.2 48.1 46.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

251,747 254,321 254,540 251,747 253,620 253,854 254,091 254,321 254,540

Civilian labor force

157,340 159,783 159,451 157,367 159,287 159,463 159,907 159,712 159,486

Participation rate

62.5 62.8 62.6 62.5 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.7

Employed

149,766 152,335 152,385 149,444 151,517 151,614 151,968 151,925 152,085

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.9 59.9 59.4 59.7 59.7 59.8 59.7 59.7

Unemployed

7,573 7,447 7,066 7,924 7,770 7,849 7,939 7,787 7,400

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.7 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.6

Not in labor force

94,407 94,539 95,089 94,380 94,333 94,391 94,184 94,609 95,055

Persons who currently want a job

5,326 5,613 5,524 5,637 5,886 5,833 6,088 5,912 5,876

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,577 122,889 122,998 121,577 122,539 122,656 122,775 122,889 122,998

Civilian labor force

83,258 84,991 84,628 83,503 84,826 84,906 85,084 85,034 84,874

Participation rate

68.5 69.2 68.8 68.7 69.2 69.2 69.3 69.2 69.0

Employed

79,142 80,966 80,763 79,182 80,548 80,674 80,755 80,722 80,843

Employment-population ratio

65.1 65.9 65.7 65.1 65.7 65.8 65.8 65.7 65.7

Unemployed

4,115 4,025 3,865 4,321 4,278 4,232 4,329 4,312 4,030

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.7 4.6 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.7

Not in labor force

38,319 37,898 38,370 38,074 37,713 37,750 37,691 37,855 38,125

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,149 114,401 114,506 113,149 114,058 114,173 114,289 114,401 114,506

Civilian labor force

80,548 82,065 81,751 80,623 81,834 81,838 82,019 82,004 81,823

Participation rate

71.2 71.7 71.4 71.3 71.7 71.7 71.8 71.7 71.5

Employed

76,911 78,538 78,405 76,823 78,048 78,143 78,195 78,233 78,343

Employment-population ratio

68.0 68.7 68.5 67.9 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4 68.4

Unemployed

3,637 3,527 3,347 3,800 3,786 3,695 3,825 3,771 3,480

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.3 4.1 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.3

Not in labor force

32,601 32,337 32,755 32,526 32,224 32,335 32,269 32,398 32,684

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

130,170 131,432 131,542 130,170 131,081 131,198 131,317 131,432 131,542

Civilian labor force

74,082 74,791 74,823 73,865 74,461 74,557 74,823 74,678 74,612

Participation rate

56.9 56.9 56.9 56.7 56.8 56.8 57.0 56.8 56.7

Employed

70,624 71,369 71,622 70,262 70,969 70,940 71,213 71,202 71,242

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.3 54.4 54.0 54.1 54.1 54.2 54.2 54.2

Unemployed

3,458 3,423 3,201 3,603 3,492 3,617 3,610 3,475 3,370

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.6 4.3 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5

Not in labor force

56,088 56,640 56,719 56,305 56,620 56,641 56,493 56,754 56,930

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,979 123,179 123,285 121,979 122,835 122,949 123,066 123,179 123,285

Civilian labor force

71,482 72,061 72,109 71,139 71,572 71,630 71,893 71,811 71,753

Participation rate

58.6 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.3 58.3 58.4 58.3 58.2

Employed

68,335 68,997 69,203 67,891 68,508 68,415 68,723 68,716 68,730

Employment-population ratio

56.0 56.0 56.1 55.7 55.8 55.6 55.8 55.8 55.7

Unemployed

3,147 3,064 2,906 3,249 3,065 3,215 3,169 3,094 3,023

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.3 4.0 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2

Not in labor force

50,497 51,117 51,176 50,840 51,262 51,319 51,173 51,368 51,532

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,619 16,741 16,749 16,619 16,728 16,732 16,737 16,741 16,749

Civilian labor force

5,310 5,656 5,591 5,605 5,881 5,995 5,995 5,898 5,910

Participation rate

32.0 33.8 33.4 33.7 35.2 35.8 35.8 35.2 35.3

Employed

4,520 4,800 4,778 4,729 4,961 5,056 5,050 4,976 5,013

Employment-population ratio

27.2 28.7 28.5 28.5 29.7 30.2 30.2 29.7 29.9

Unemployed

790 856 814 875 920 938 945 922 897

Unemployment rate

14.9 15.1 14.6 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.2

Not in labor force

11,309 11,084 11,158 11,014 10,847 10,737 10,741 10,843 10,839

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

197,377 198,633 198,745 197,377 198,253 198,380 198,509 198,633 198,745

Civilian labor force

123,534 124,779 124,549 123,496 124,793 124,756 124,873 124,739 124,611

Participation rate

62.6 62.8 62.7 62.6 62.9 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.7

Employed

118,503 119,677 119,680 118,115 119,426 119,281 119,427 119,333 119,409

Employment-population ratio

60.0 60.3 60.2 59.8 60.2 60.1 60.2 60.1 60.1

Unemployed

5,031 5,102 4,869 5,381 5,367 5,475 5,446 5,406 5,202

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.1 3.9 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2

Not in labor force

73,843 73,854 74,197 73,881 73,460 73,624 73,636 73,894 74,134

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,489 65,359 65,096 64,503 65,232 65,226 65,310 65,292 65,163

Participation rate

71.5 72.0 71.7 71.6 72.0 72.0 72.0 71.9 71.7

Employed

62,027 62,886 62,716 61,884 62,556 62,546 62,608 62,614 62,651

Employment-population ratio

68.8 69.3 69.0 68.7 69.1 69.0 69.0 69.0 69.0

Unemployed

2,462 2,473 2,380 2,619 2,676 2,680 2,703 2,678 2,511

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,906 55,014 55,065 54,638 54,948 54,863 54,888 54,859 54,807

Participation rate

57.8 57.6 57.6 57.6 57.6 57.5 57.5 57.4 57.4

Employed

52,860 52,993 53,168 52,466 52,913 52,720 52,809 52,776 52,785

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.5 55.6 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.3 55.3 55.2

Unemployed

2,046 2,021 1,897 2,172 2,035 2,144 2,080 2,082 2,022

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.7 3.4 4.0 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,139 4,406 4,388 4,355 4,613 4,666 4,674 4,588 4,642

Participation rate

33.6 35.7 35.5 35.4 37.4 37.8 37.8 37.2 37.6

Employed

3,616 3,799 3,796 3,765 3,957 4,014 4,010 3,943 3,973

Employment-population ratio

29.4 30.8 30.7 30.6 32.0 32.5 32.5 31.9 32.2

Unemployed

523 608 593 590 656 652 663 645 669

Unemployment rate

12.6 13.8 13.5 13.5 14.2 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,557 32,028 32,068 31,557 31,904 31,945 31,987 32,028 32,068

Civilian labor force

19,458 19,904 19,916 19,447 19,522 19,768 19,825 19,797 19,859

Participation rate

61.7 62.1 62.1 61.6 61.2 61.9 62.0 61.8 61.9

Employed

17,682 18,222 18,361 17,628 17,885 18,165 18,174 18,104 18,258

Employment-population ratio

56.0 56.9 57.3 55.9 56.1 56.9 56.8 56.5 56.9

Unemployed

1,776 1,682 1,555 1,819 1,637 1,603 1,650 1,693 1,600

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.4 7.8 9.4 8.4 8.1 8.3 8.6 8.1

Not in labor force

12,099 12,124 12,152 12,110 12,382 12,178 12,163 12,231 12,209

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,740 9,046 9,009 8,752 8,994 8,947 8,998 9,011 9,016

Participation rate

66.6 67.8 67.4 66.7 67.7 67.3 67.5 67.5 67.5

Employed

7,915 8,284 8,355 7,885 8,254 8,264 8,259 8,228 8,322

Employment-population ratio

60.3 62.1 62.5 60.1 62.1 62.1 62.0 61.7 62.3

Unemployed

825 762 655 867 740 683 739 783 693

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.4 7.3 9.9 8.2 7.6 8.2 8.7 7.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,047 10,160 10,226 10,009 9,831 10,026 10,066 10,073 10,138

Participation rate

63.0 62.8 63.2 62.8 61.0 62.2 62.3 62.3 62.6

Employed

9,247 9,419 9,496 9,218 9,114 9,314 9,362 9,359 9,419

Employment-population ratio

58.0 58.3 58.7 57.8 56.6 57.8 58.0 57.9 58.2

Unemployed

801 740 730 791 717 712 704 714 719

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.3 7.1 7.9 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

671 698 681 686 697 795 761 713 705

Participation rate

26.9 27.7 27.0 27.6 27.7 31.6 30.2 28.3 28.0

Employed

521 518 510 525 518 587 553 516 517

Employment-population ratio

20.9 20.6 20.3 21.1 20.6 23.3 22.0 20.5 20.5

Unemployed

150 180 171 161 179 208 207 196 188

Unemployment rate

22.4 25.8 25.0 23.5 25.7 26.1 27.2 27.6 26.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,476 15,344 15,323 14,476 15,211 15,304 15,310 15,344 15,323

Civilian labor force

9,100 9,717 9,584 9,132 9,651 9,702 9,764 9,807 9,633

Participation rate

62.9 63.3 62.5 63.1 63.4 63.4 63.8 63.9 62.9

Employed

8,743 9,393 9,292 8,778 9,281 9,290 9,381 9,470 9,340

Employment-population ratio

60.4 61.2 60.6 60.6 61.0 60.7 61.3 61.7 61.0

Unemployed

356 324 292 354 369 412 382 337 293

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.3 3.0 3.9 3.8 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.0

Not in labor force

5,377 5,627 5,739 5,344 5,560 5,603 5,547 5,537 5,690

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,005 41,011 41,102 40,005 40,732 40,825 40,919 41,011 41,102

Civilian labor force

26,304 26,954 27,066 26,225 26,785 26,987 27,064 26,922 26,989

Participation rate

65.8 65.7 65.8 65.6 65.8 66.1 66.1 65.6 65.7

Employed

24,654 25,482 25,540 24,543 25,347 25,468 25,327 25,381 25,445

Employment-population ratio

61.6 62.1 62.1 61.3 62.2 62.4 61.9 61.9 61.9

Unemployed

1,650 1,472 1,526 1,682 1,438 1,519 1,737 1,541 1,544

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.5 5.6 6.4 5.4 5.6 6.4 5.7 5.7

Not in labor force

13,701 14,057 14,037 13,780 13,947 13,838 13,856 14,089 14,113

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,427 14,902 14,932 14,377 14,842 14,897 14,837 14,865 14,889

Participation rate

80.0 80.6 80.6 79.7 80.8 80.9 80.4 80.4 80.4

Employed

13,665 14,208 14,162 13,601 14,141 14,184 14,035 14,120 14,116

Employment-population ratio

75.7 76.8 76.4 75.4 77.0 77.1 76.1 76.4 76.2

Unemployed

762 694 770 776 701 713 803 744 773

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 5.2 5.4 4.7 4.8 5.4 5.0 5.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,819 10,917 11,035 10,754 10,797 10,957 10,999 10,905 10,968

Participation rate

59.3 58.3 58.8 59.0 58.1 58.8 58.9 58.3 58.5

Employed

10,090 10,344 10,476 10,031 10,226 10,322 10,292 10,307 10,410

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.3 55.8 55.0 55.0 55.4 55.1 55.1 55.5

Unemployed

729 573 559 723 571 635 707 598 558

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.2 5.1 6.7 5.3 5.8 6.4 5.5 5.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,058 1,135 1,099 1,095 1,146 1,133 1,227 1,153 1,132

Participation rate

28.4 29.8 28.8 29.4 30.3 29.9 32.3 30.3 29.7

Employed

899 930 902 912 980 963 1,000 954 919

Employment-population ratio

24.1 24.5 23.7 24.5 25.9 25.4 26.3 25.1 24.1

Unemployed

159 205 196 183 166 170 227 198 213

Unemployment rate

15.0 18.0 17.9 16.7 14.5 15.0 18.5 17.2 18.8

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,014 10,450 10,678 10,958 10,638 10,809 10,828 10,678 10,617

Participation rate

46.0 44.4 45.5 45.7 47.0 46.5 45.7 45.4 45.2

Employed

10,271 9,753 9,858 10,210 9,969 10,035 9,902 9,895 9,783

Employment-population ratio

42.9 41.5 42.0 42.6 44.0 43.2 41.8 42.1 41.6

Unemployed

743 698 820 748 669 774 926 783 834

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.7 7.7 6.8 6.3 7.2 8.5 7.3 7.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,333 36,168 35,873 35,224 35,547 35,793 35,704 35,852 35,862

Participation rate

57.3 58.3 57.8 57.2 57.1 57.1 57.4 57.8 57.8

Employed

33,495 34,314 34,175 33,315 33,758 33,985 33,857 33,895 34,096

Employment-population ratio

54.4 55.3 55.1 54.1 54.2 54.2 54.4 54.6 54.9

Unemployed

1,838 1,854 1,698 1,910 1,789 1,808 1,847 1,958 1,766

Unemployment rate

5.2 5.1 4.7 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.5 4.9

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,428 38,196 38,110 37,610 37,791 37,571 37,900 38,158 38,236

Participation rate

66.4 66.5 66.3 66.7 66.2 66.5 67.0 66.5 66.5

Employed

35,834 36,773 36,684 35,957 36,182 35,970 36,296 36,706 36,748

Employment-population ratio

63.5 64.1 63.8 63.8 63.4 63.7 64.2 64.0 63.9

Unemployed

1,593 1,423 1,426 1,653 1,609 1,601 1,604 1,452 1,488

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.7 3.7 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.8 3.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

52,933 54,179 54,054 52,757 54,100 54,068 54,341 54,101 53,923

Participation rate

74.2 74.3 73.9 74.0 74.0 74.1 74.2 74.1 73.7

Employed

51,681 52,801 52,867 51,451 52,741 52,618 52,967 52,709 52,679

Employment-population ratio

72.5 72.4 72.3 72.1 72.1 72.1 72.3 72.2 72.0

Unemployed

1,252 1,378 1,187 1,306 1,359 1,450 1,374 1,392 1,244

Unemployment rate

2.4 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,085 20,782 19,081 18,762 2,004 2,020

Civilian labor force

10,763 10,493 9,508 9,218 1,255 1,275

Participation rate

51.0 50.5 49.8 49.1 62.6 63.1

Employed

10,372 9,994 9,173 8,812 1,198 1,181

Employment-population ratio

49.2 48.1 48.1 47.0 59.8 58.5

Unemployed

391 499 334 406 57 94

Unemployment rate

3.6 4.8 3.5 4.4 4.5 7.4

Not in labor force

10,322 10,289 9,573 9,544 749 745

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,728 4,034 3,025 3,335 702 699

Civilian labor force

3,091 3,338 2,561 2,813 531 525

Participation rate

82.9 82.8 84.6 84.3 75.5 75.2

Employed

2,960 3,123 2,467 2,650 492 473

Employment-population ratio

79.4 77.4 81.6 79.5 70.1 67.7

Unemployed

131 216 93 163 38 53

Unemployment rate

4.2 6.5 3.6 5.8 7.2 10.0

Not in labor force

637 696 465 522 172 173

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,389 3,295 2,915 2,783 475 512

Civilian labor force

2,676 2,609 2,331 2,231 346 377

Participation rate

79.0 79.2 80.0 80.2 72.8 73.7

Employed

2,594 2,522 2,259 2,163 335 359

Employment-population ratio

76.5 76.5 77.5 77.7 70.7 70.1

Unemployed

82 87 72 68 10 18

Unemployment rate

3.1 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0 4.8

Not in labor force

713 687 584 552 129 135

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,739 8,341 8,427 8,042 312 299

Civilian labor force

2,244 1,944 2,174 1,877 70 67

Participation rate

25.7 23.3 25.8 23.3 22.6 22.5

Employed

2,168 1,867 2,105 1,804 63 63

Employment-population ratio

24.8 22.4 25.0 22.4 20.1 21.0

Unemployed

76 78 69 73 8 4

Unemployment rate

3.4 4.0 3.2 3.9 - -

Not in labor force

6,495 6,397 6,253 6,165 242 232

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,229 5,112 4,714 4,602 515 510

Civilian labor force

2,751 2,602 2,443 2,297 308 305

Participation rate

52.6 50.9 51.8 49.9 59.9 59.9

Employed

2,650 2,483 2,342 2,196 308 287

Employment-population ratio

50.7 48.6 49.7 47.7 59.8 56.3

Unemployed

101 119 101 101 1 19

Unemployment rate

3.7 4.6 4.1 4.4 0.2 6.1

Not in labor force

2,478 2,510 2,271 2,305 207 205

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

221,746 224,658 97,897 99,680 123,849 124,978

Civilian labor force

144,783 147,061 72,844 74,491 71,939 72,570

Participation rate

65.3 65.5 74.4 74.7 58.1 58.1

Employed

137,877 140,801 69,223 71,234 68,654 69,566

Employment-population ratio

62.2 62.7 70.7 71.5 55.4 55.7

Unemployed

6,906 6,260 3,621 3,256 3,285 3,003

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.3 5.0 4.4 4.6 4.1

Not in labor force

76,963 77,598 25,053 25,189 51,910 52,408

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,591 30,170 222,156 224,371

Civilian labor force

5,672 6,023 151,667 153,428

Participation rate

19.2 20.0 68.3 68.4

Employed

4,985 5,423 144,781 146,962

Employment-population ratio

16.8 18.0 65.2 65.5

Unemployed

687 600 6,886 6,466

Unemployment rate

12.1 10.0 4.5 4.2

Not in labor force

23,918 24,147 70,489 70,942

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,422 2,623 75,968 76,913

Participation rate

31.3 33.9 81.8 82.2

Employed

2,101 2,353 72,357 73,493

Employment-population ratio

27.2 30.4 77.9 78.6

Unemployed

322 270 3,611 3,421

Unemployment rate

13.3 10.3 4.8 4.4

Not in labor force

5,308 5,106 16,863 16,629

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,297 2,313 67,718 68,243

Participation rate

28.6 28.4 70.5 70.8

Employed

1,996 2,052 64,706 65,477

Employment-population ratio

24.8 25.2 67.4 67.9

Unemployed

301 261 3,013 2,766

Unemployment rate

13.1 11.3 4.4 4.1

Not in labor force

5,745 5,833 28,305 28,205

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

952 1,087 7,981 8,272

Participation rate

6.9 7.6 24.0 24.1

Employed

888 1,018 7,719 7,992

Employment-population ratio

6.4 7.1 23.2 23.2

Unemployed

64 69 262 280

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.3 3.3 3.4

Not in labor force

12,865 13,208 25,320 26,108

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,353 41,898 19,729 20,306 20,624 21,592

Civilian labor force

26,665 27,384 15,474 15,842 11,191 11,542

Participation rate

66.1 65.4 78.4 78.0 54.3 53.5

Employed

25,495 26,196 14,891 15,211 10,604 10,985

Employment-population ratio

63.2 62.5 75.5 74.9 51.4 50.9

Unemployed

1,170 1,188 583 632 586 557

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.3 3.8 4.0 5.2 4.8

Not in labor force

13,688 14,514 4,254 4,464 9,433 10,050

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

211,394 212,643 101,848 102,692 109,546 109,950

Civilian labor force

130,675 132,068 67,783 68,786 62,892 63,282

Participation rate

61.8 62.1 66.6 67.0 57.4 57.6

Employed

124,271 126,190 64,251 65,553 60,020 60,637

Employment-population ratio

58.8 59.3 63.1 63.8 54.8 55.1

Unemployed

6,403 5,878 3,532 3,233 2,872 2,645

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.5 5.2 4.7 4.6 4.2

Not in labor force

80,720 80,575 34,065 33,906 46,655 46,669

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,363 2,408 2,366 2,424 2,388 2,520 2,441 2,321 2,438

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,540 1,575 1,535 1,557 1,605 1,617 1,530 1,496 1,558

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

801 810 796 822 766 873 886 816 829

Unpaid family workers

22 23 34 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

147,404 149,927 150,020 147,110 149,155 149,118 149,560 149,637 149,772

Wage and salary workers(1)

138,642 141,123 141,210 138,478 140,468 140,431 140,812 140,856 141,039

Government

21,140 20,746 21,114 21,088 20,430 20,670 20,798 20,654 20,932

Private industries

117,501 120,377 120,096 117,368 119,988 119,736 120,046 120,142 120,087

Private households

736 757 717 - - - - - -

Other industries

116,766 119,620 119,380 116,626 119,250 118,982 119,293 119,390 119,358

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,692 8,748 8,757 8,593 8,660 8,621 8,574 8,715 8,696

Unpaid family workers

70 57 53 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

5,967 5,648 5,518 6,085 5,940 6,053 5,894 5,889 5,669

Slack work or business conditions

3,468 3,321 3,391 3,536 3,642 3,727 3,618 3,505 3,505

Could only find part-time work

2,194 2,085 1,853 2,221 1,981 1,929 1,969 2,118 1,909

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

21,094 21,265 22,084 20,171 20,717 20,523 20,688 20,691 21,018

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

5,855 5,567 5,411 5,970 5,846 5,931 5,790 5,789 5,562

Slack work or business conditions

3,396 3,269 3,327 3,469 3,566 3,641 3,536 3,440 3,444

Could only find part-time work

2,183 2,079 1,832 2,208 1,965 1,911 1,956 2,100 1,883

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,721 20,930 21,757 19,783 20,337 20,185 20,333 20,369 20,656

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

149,766 152,335 152,385 149,444 151,517 151,614 151,968 151,925 152,085

16 to 19 years

4,520 4,800 4,778 4,729 4,961 5,056 5,050 4,976 5,013

16 to 17 years

1,518 1,659 1,590 1,559 1,811 1,829 1,843 1,667 1,671

18 to 19 years

3,002 3,141 3,187 3,142 3,149 3,225 3,189 3,283 3,326

20 years and over

145,246 147,535 147,608 144,714 146,556 146,558 146,918 146,949 147,072

20 to 24 years

13,965 13,895 14,024 13,920 13,865 14,139 14,006 13,886 13,985

25 years and over

131,281 133,640 133,584 130,837 132,756 132,464 132,869 133,133 133,174

25 to 54 years

97,303 98,806 98,751 96,960 98,042 97,870 98,204 98,444 98,435

25 to 34 years

33,019 34,015 34,056 32,814 33,812 33,947 33,989 33,914 33,909

35 to 44 years

31,474 31,758 31,870 31,361 31,627 31,404 31,557 31,601 31,744

45 to 54 years

32,810 33,034 32,824 32,785 32,602 32,520 32,658 32,929 32,782

55 years and over

33,978 34,834 34,833 33,877 34,714 34,594 34,666 34,690 34,739

Men, 16 years and over

79,142 80,966 80,763 79,182 80,548 80,674 80,755 80,722 80,843

16 to 19 years

2,231 2,429 2,359 2,358 2,500 2,531 2,560 2,490 2,501

16 to 17 years

747 743 716 781 869 895 852 752 766

18 to 19 years

1,485 1,685 1,642 1,571 1,627 1,631 1,710 1,727 1,731

20 years and over

76,911 78,538 78,405 76,823 78,048 78,143 78,195 78,233 78,343

20 to 24 years

7,020 7,105 7,171 7,026 7,120 7,238 7,185 7,123 7,195

25 years and over

69,892 71,433 71,233 69,767 70,987 70,913 70,968 71,149 71,172

25 to 54 years

51,982 52,815 52,760 51,862 52,395 52,401 52,497 52,620 52,672

25 to 34 years

17,829 18,273 18,254 17,732 18,197 18,238 18,232 18,208 18,199

35 to 44 years

16,883 17,126 17,187 16,829 17,048 16,996 16,968 17,033 17,134

45 to 54 years

17,270 17,416 17,319 17,302 17,149 17,167 17,298 17,379 17,339

55 years and over

17,910 18,618 18,473 17,905 18,592 18,512 18,471 18,529 18,501

Women, 16 years and over

70,624 71,369 71,622 70,262 70,969 70,940 71,213 71,202 71,242

16 to 19 years

2,289 2,372 2,419 2,371 2,461 2,525 2,490 2,486 2,512

16 to 17 years

771 916 874 778 942 934 991 915 905

18 to 19 years

1,517 1,456 1,545 1,571 1,522 1,594 1,478 1,556 1,595

20 years and over

68,335 68,997 69,203 67,891 68,508 68,415 68,723 68,716 68,730

20 to 24 years

6,946 6,790 6,852 6,894 6,745 6,901 6,820 6,763 6,790

25 years and over

61,390 62,207 62,351 61,070 61,768 61,551 61,902 61,984 62,001

25 to 54 years

45,321 45,991 45,990 45,098 45,646 45,469 45,707 45,824 45,763

25 to 34 years

15,191 15,741 15,802 15,082 15,614 15,709 15,757 15,706 15,710

35 to 44 years

14,591 14,632 14,683 14,533 14,579 14,408 14,589 14,567 14,610

45 to 54 years

15,540 15,618 15,505 15,483 15,453 15,352 15,360 15,550 15,443

55 years and over

16,069 16,216 16,361 15,972 16,122 16,082 16,195 16,161 16,238

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,952 45,445 45,294 44,816 45,532 45,478 45,678 45,347 45,252

Married women, spouse present

35,503 35,608 35,653 35,185 35,316 35,350 35,493 35,406 35,332

Women who maintain families

9,702 10,034 9,935 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

121,897 124,588 123,960 122,099 123,892 124,301 124,296 124,193 124,202

Part-time workers(2)

27,870 27,747 28,425 27,332 27,595 27,207 27,637 27,727 27,845

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,596 8,050 8,107 7,414 7,361 7,562 7,863 7,776 7,837

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.2

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,692 5,704 5,898 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,493 9,558 9,553 9,415 9,426 9,495 9,461 9,532 9,525

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

7,924 7,787 7,400 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.6

16 to 19 years

875 922 897 15.6 15.6 15.7 15.8 15.6 15.2

16 to 17 years

322 407 374 17.1 15.3 16.7 17.3 19.6 18.3

18 to 19 years

565 513 558 15.2 15.9 15.2 15.2 13.5 14.4

20 years and over

7,048 6,865 6,503 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.2

20 to 24 years

1,480 1,278 1,230 9.6 9.0 8.1 8.1 8.4 8.1

25 years and over

5,608 5,595 5,338 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.0 3.9

25 to 54 years

4,311 4,286 4,064 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.0

25 to 34 years

1,913 1,839 1,720 5.5 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.1 4.8

35 to 44 years

1,289 1,287 1,169 3.9 3.5 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.6

45 to 54 years

1,108 1,160 1,175 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5

55 years and over

1,300 1,333 1,269 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.5

Men, 16 years and over

4,321 4,312 4,030 5.2 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.7

16 to 19 years

521 541 550 18.1 16.5 17.5 16.5 17.9 18.0

16 to 17 years

184 210 235 19.1 15.0 17.9 18.8 21.9 23.5

18 to 19 years

341 335 337 17.8 17.4 17.5 15.6 16.2 16.3

20 years and over

3,800 3,771 3,480 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.3

20 to 24 years

887 775 723 11.2 10.1 9.3 9.2 9.8 9.1

25 years and over

2,936 3,004 2,816 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.1 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,255 2,248 2,136 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.9

25 to 34 years

1,049 999 929 5.6 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.2 4.9

35 to 44 years

641 665 621 3.7 3.5 3.8 4.1 3.8 3.5

45 to 54 years

565 585 586 3.2 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.3

55 years and over

682 755 680 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.5

Women, 16 years and over

3,603 3,475 3,370 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5

16 to 19 years

355 381 347 13.0 14.8 13.7 15.0 13.3 12.1

16 to 17 years

138 197 138 15.1 15.6 15.5 15.9 17.7 13.3

18 to 19 years

224 178 221 12.5 14.2 12.8 14.8 10.3 12.2

20 years and over

3,249 3,094 3,023 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2

20 to 24 years

592 502 507 7.9 7.8 6.8 7.0 6.9 7.0

25 years and over

2,672 2,591 2,523 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.1 4.0 3.9

25 to 54 years

2,056 2,038 1,928 4.4 4.0 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.0

25 to 34 years

865 841 791 5.4 5.0 5.4 5.1 5.1 4.8

35 to 44 years

648 622 548 4.3 3.5 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.6

45 to 54 years

543 575 589 3.4 3.4 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.7

55 years and over

599 570 572 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,246 1,320 1,264 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.7

Married women, spouse present

1,107 1,091 991 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.7

Women who maintain families(1)

719 652 657 6.9 7.2 7.9 6.4 6.1 6.2

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

6,554 6,330 6,177 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,416 1,469 1,307 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 5.0 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,633 3,352 3,271 3,873 3,739 3,791 3,967 3,749 3,555

On temporary layoff

768 673 723 939 997 998 1,075 994 904

Not on temporary layoff

2,865 2,679 2,548 2,934 2,743 2,792 2,892 2,755 2,651

Permanent job losers

2,072 1,856 1,838 2,112 2,021 2,005 1,986 1,907 1,901

Persons who completed temporary jobs

793 823 710 822 722 787 906 847 750

Job leavers

791 975 936 800 824 885 893 949 934

Reentrants

2,361 2,374 2,188 2,449 2,298 2,271 2,333 2,354 2,274

New entrants

788 746 671 847 826 861 805 793 729

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.0 45.0 46.3 48.6 48.6 48.6 49.6 47.8 47.5

On temporary layoff

10.1 9.0 10.2 11.8 13.0 12.8 13.4 12.7 12.1

Not on temporary layoff

37.8 36.0 36.1 36.8 35.7 35.8 36.2 35.1 35.4

Job leavers

10.4 13.1 13.3 10.0 10.7 11.3 11.2 12.1 12.5

Reentrants

31.2 31.9 31.0 30.7 29.9 29.1 29.2 30.0 30.4

New entrants

10.4 10.0 9.5 10.6 10.7 11.0 10.1 10.1 9.7

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.3 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2

Job leavers

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

1.5 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4

New entrants

0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,173 2,218 2,201 2,412 2,160 2,290 2,574 2,397 2,421

5 to 14 weeks

2,144 2,142 2,006 2,253 2,266 2,329 2,234 2,296 2,136

15 weeks and over

3,256 3,087 2,859 3,324 3,170 3,062 3,131 3,144 2,933

15 to 26 weeks

1,249 1,157 1,060 1,270 1,150 1,056 1,157 1,165 1,077

27 weeks and over

2,007 1,930 1,799 2,054 2,020 2,006 1,974 1,979 1,856

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

29.1 27.9 27.1 27.9 28.1 27.6 27.5 27.2 26.3

Median duration, in weeks

11.4 10.5 10.5 10.7 11.6 11.2 10.3 10.2 10.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

28.7 29.8 31.1 30.2 28.4 29.8 32.4 30.6 32.3

5 to 14 weeks

28.3 28.8 28.4 28.2 29.8 30.3 28.1 29.3 28.5

15 weeks and over

43.0 41.5 40.5 41.6 41.7 39.9 39.4 40.1 39.2

15 to 26 weeks

16.5 15.5 15.0 15.9 15.1 13.8 14.6 14.9 14.4

27 weeks and over

26.5 25.9 25.5 25.7 26.6 26.1 24.9 25.2 24.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

149,766 152,385 7,573 7,066 4.8 4.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

58,667 59,707 1,276 1,382 2.1 2.3

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,101 25,051 513 592 2.1 2.3

Professional and related occupations

34,566 34,656 763 790 2.2 2.2

Service occupations

25,927 26,964 1,795 1,600 6.5 5.6

Sales and office occupations

33,728 33,869 1,649 1,501 4.7 4.2

Sales and related occupations

15,716 15,792 851 770 5.1 4.6

Office and administrative support occupations

18,012 18,077 798 732 4.2 3.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,971 14,144 932 866 6.3 5.8

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,057 1,041 169 146 13.8 12.3

Construction and extraction occupations

7,892 8,091 578 562 6.8 6.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,021 5,012 185 158 3.5 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,475 17,701 1,115 1,018 6.0 5.4

Production occupations

8,252 8,258 437 449 5.0 5.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,223 9,443 678 568 6.8 5.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

7,573 7,066 4.8 4.4

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

5,810 5,415 4.7 4.3

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

80 37 8.5 4.7

Construction

536 517 6.2 5.7

Manufacturing

622 619 4.0 3.9

Durable goods

384 341 3.9 3.4

Nondurable goods

238 278 4.1 4.7

Wholesale and retail trade

1,013 915 5.0 4.4

Transportation and utilities

271 209 4.3 3.2

Information

111 115 4.3 4.2

Financial activities

251 273 2.6 2.8

Professional and business services

839 753 5.2 4.5

Education and health services

734 716 3.2 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,005 1,011 7.4 7.1

Other services

348 249 5.3 3.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

170 156 10.2 9.6

Government workers

472 449 2.2 2.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

332 376 3.4 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.1 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.3 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

4.8 4.7 4.4 5.0 4.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.2 5.0 4.8 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

5.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.9 5.8

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.6 9.2 9.0 9.9 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.5 9.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

94,407 95,089 38,319 38,370 56,088 56,719

Persons who currently want a job

5,326 5,524 2,599 2,636 2,726 2,889

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,717 1,932 947 1,020 770 912

Discouraged workers(2)

594 591 389 393 205 198

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,123 1,341 558 627 565 714

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,596 8,107 3,693 3,816 3,902 4,290

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.3 4.7 4.7 5.5 6.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,055 4,362 2,149 2,369 1,906 1,992

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,107 2,287 720 739 1,388 1,548

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

233 270 166 141 67 130

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,169 1,136 641 538 527 598

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Change from:
Oct.2016 - Nov.2016(p)

Total nonfarm

144,122 145,052 145,920 146,399 142,875 144,808 144,950 145,128 178

Total private

121,611 122,900 123,332 123,657 120,847 122,592 122,727 122,883 156

Goods-producing

19,747 19,881 19,871 19,778 19,634 19,622 19,629 19,646 17

Mining and logging

776 688 691 692 771 682 680 682 2

Logging

51.7 50.8 51.0 50.4 50.3 49.2 49.3 49.1 -0.2

Mining

723.8 637.3 639.9 641.2 720.4 632.3 631.0 633.1 2.1

Oil and gas extraction

184.8 171.8 171.9 173.7 185.0 172.3 172.3 173.4 1.1

Mining, except oil and gas

193.5 184.4 184.5 185.2 192.4 181.5 181.8 183.1 1.3

Coal mining

62.1 52.8 53.6 54.3 62.0 52.9 53.4 53.7 0.3

Metal ore mining

39.5 38.5 38.5 38.6 39.9 38.7 38.8 38.7 -0.1

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

91.9 93.1 92.4 92.3 90.6 89.9 89.6 90.7 1.1

Support activities for mining

345.5 281.1 283.5 282.3 343.0 278.5 276.9 276.6 -0.3

Construction

6,654 6,886 6,891 6,813 6,549 6,671 6,685 6,704 19

Construction of buildings

1,446.6 1,498.9 1,503.4 1,493.7 1,428.3 1,464.8 1,470.5 1,475.7 5.2

Residential building

712.9 754.4 756.5 754.5 702.2 735.1 738.1 743.0 4.9

Nonresidential building

733.7 744.5 746.9 739.2 726.1 729.7 732.4 732.7 0.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

968.4 995.6 1,000.1 963.8 939.6 932.7 937.3 935.2 -2.1

Specialty trade contractors

4,239.4 4,391.9 4,387.0 4,355.7 4,180.9 4,273.1 4,277.4 4,292.9 15.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,842.7 1,937.6 1,929.9 1,923.1 1,821.1 1,882.9 1,886.0 1,900.7 14.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,396.7 2,454.3 2,457.1 2,432.6 2,359.8 2,390.2 2,391.4 2,392.2 0.8

Manufacturing

12,317 12,307 12,289 12,273 12,314 12,269 12,264 12,260 -4

Durable goods

7,732 7,670 7,669 7,661 7,733 7,663 7,662 7,656 -6

Wood products

385.9 384.0 385.5 386.3 383.7 381.7 383.2 383.9 0.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

403.1 409.0 410.0 406.5 400.2 401.9 402.9 402.3 -0.6

Primary metals

385.5 372.6 373.5 373.9 385.9 373.0 373.6 373.6 0.0

Fabricated metal products

1,441.7 1,419.5 1,421.1 1,419.0 1,444.4 1,420.6 1,420.4 1,418.8 -1.6

Machinery

1,105.0 1,076.9 1,074.8 1,071.3 1,106.0 1,078.5 1,075.1 1,071.2 -3.9

Computer and electronic products

1,039.8 1,032.5 1,030.7 1,032.4 1,041.4 1,034.2 1,033.3 1,034.2 0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

154.8 161.9 161.5 161.6 155.5 162.4 162.7 162.9 0.2

Communications equipment

86.3 83.9 83.8 84.2 86.2 84.2 84.0 84.0 0.0

Semiconductors and electronic components

366.0 357.3 355.8 356.5 366.3 358.1 356.7 356.8 0.1

Electronic instruments

397.7 394.5 394.5 395.1 398.6 394.6 394.8 395.7 0.9

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.0 34.9 35.1 35.0 34.8 35.0 35.0 34.8 -0.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

382.4 382.7 381.5 381.9 382.4 382.5 382.1 382.1 0.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,605.9 1,606.8 1,603.2 1,603.2 1,606.3 1,605.9 1,605.1 1,603.8 -1.3

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

919.0 928.0 927.5 929.3 918.0 927.7 928.9 930.1 1.2

Furniture and related products

383.7 387.5 388.2 386.0 385.5 386.5 387.6 387.5 -0.1

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

599.3 598.2 600.2 600.6 597.4 598.2 599.1 598.3 -0.8

Nondurable goods

4,585 4,637 4,620 4,612 4,581 4,606 4,602 4,604 2

Food manufacturing

1,513.2 1,558.4 1,552.2 1,543.6 1,511.3 1,535.5 1,538.4 1,540.0 1.6

Textile mills

115.3 111.6 111.8 112.1 115.3 112.2 112.2 112.0 -0.2

Textile product mills

118.0 116.6 115.0 115.8 116.9 116.8 114.5 114.6 0.1

Apparel

136.7 133.1 131.6 131.8 136.2 131.9 130.8 131.2 0.4

Paper and paper products

373.1 369.1 367.2 368.1 373.3 369.1 368.2 368.2 0.0

Printing and related support activities

451.3 439.6 439.1 438.3 449.4 440.0 438.2 436.1 -2.1

Petroleum and coal products

117.4 117.1 117.3 115.6 116.8 115.5 114.8 114.9 0.1

Chemicals

811.1 818.3 818.1 821.4 812.3 820.6 821.4 822.4 1.0

Plastics and rubber products

686.4 690.7 685.6 684.5 687.8 689.7 687.9 685.7 -2.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

262.2 282.4 281.7 280.3 261.5 275.1 275.6 279.2 3.6

Private service-providing

101,864 103,019 103,461 103,879 101,213 102,970 103,098 103,237 139

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,596 27,281 27,465 27,919 27,087 27,409 27,421 27,424 3

Wholesale trade

5,907.8 5,941.4 5,953.7 5,961.6 5,897.3 5,938.8 5,946.7 5,949.5 2.8

Durable goods

2,942.1 2,952.0 2,950.7 2,952.7 2,942.9 2,951.8 2,951.0 2,952.3 1.3

Nondurable goods

2,058.6 2,076.5 2,088.5 2,088.3 2,049.6 2,073.6 2,081.3 2,078.8 -2.5

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

907.1 912.9 914.5 920.6 904.8 913.4 914.4 918.4 4.0

Retail trade

16,168.7 15,846.7 15,997.0 16,368.5 15,754.2 15,994.0 15,985.1 15,976.8 -8.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,964.2 2,011.6 2,013.0 2,016.6 1,965.7 2,005.6 2,011.4 2,017.3 5.9

Automobile dealers

1,265.4 1,298.4 1,302.6 1,304.8 1,263.9 1,295.8 1,300.6 1,303.7 3.1

Other motor vehicle dealers

145.2 153.9 150.8 147.5 149.4 151.1 151.2 151.2 0.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

553.6 559.3 559.6 564.3 552.4 558.6 559.6 562.4 2.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

485.1 479.3 487.4 498.6 469.5 485.3 482.5 483.6 1.1

Electronics and appliance stores

555.8 518.5 517.6 534.6 527.2 525.5 513.7 509.5 -4.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,221.9 1,267.6 1,266.4 1,260.4 1,248.5 1,289.2 1,291.2 1,291.7 0.5

Food and beverage stores

3,087.2 3,105.8 3,113.7 3,126.6 3,065.4 3,108.9 3,110.9 3,113.1 2.2

Health and personal care stores

1,045.2 1,042.7 1,051.6 1,073.7 1,033.2 1,050.2 1,052.9 1,058.9 6.0

Gasoline stations

912.6 937.3 934.4 924.7 911.3 930.4 930.6 924.7 -5.9

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,492.2 1,344.3 1,359.4 1,453.4 1,376.8 1,383.4 1,364.8 1,347.2 -17.6

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

684.1 611.9 619.3 673.8 627.3 623.1 622.1 621.7 -0.4

General merchandise stores

3,320.1 3,155.5 3,223.4 3,374.5 3,169.4 3,214.0 3,221.3 3,222.1 0.8

Department stores

1,414.3 1,280.7 1,315.5 1,412.0 1,321.0 1,320.3 1,321.5 1,316.4 -5.1

Other general merchandise stores

1,905.8 1,874.8 1,907.9 1,962.5 1,848.3 1,893.7 1,899.8 1,905.7 5.9

Miscellaneous store retailers

851.3 838.3 859.7 849.7 837.2 838.3 841.4 836.6 -4.8

Nonstore retailers

549.0 533.9 551.1 581.9 522.7 540.1 542.3 550.4 8.1

Transportation and warehousing

4,956.8 4,928.2 4,950.2 5,024.4 4,872.3 4,911.8 4,924.0 4,932.9 8.9

Air transportation

460.1 471.8 470.6 468.1 461.2 470.7 470.6 469.6 -1.0

Rail transportation

233.8 217.0 216.2 215.9 233.9 216.0 215.9 215.4 -0.5

Water transportation

61.1 62.6 61.7 60.1 61.9 62.0 61.6 61.3 -0.3

Truck transportation

1,469.6 1,478.3 1,485.9 1,479.9 1,460.3 1,462.1 1,468.9 1,470.0 1.1

Transit and ground passenger transportation

489.5 476.3 481.9 480.1 472.4 465.5 465.4 465.5 0.1

Pipeline transportation

49.8 47.7 47.6 47.7 49.8 47.9 47.7 47.6 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

25.8 36.3 30.4 25.3 30.5 30.1 29.7 29.9 0.2

Support activities for transportation

659.3 654.5 657.4 657.0 656.1 654.0 653.1 653.7 0.6

Couriers and messengers

656.0 609.9 610.6 690.1 613.8 632.1 634.4 640.1 5.7

Warehousing and storage

851.8 873.8 887.9 900.2 832.4 871.4 876.7 879.8 3.1

Utilities

562.5 564.4 564.5 564.7 562.8 564.8 565.5 565.2 -0.3

Information

2,767 2,772 2,776 2,773 2,753 2,781 2,778 2,768 -10

Publishing industries, except Internet

726.1 726.9 725.9 726.2 724.2 726.5 724.6 724.1 -0.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

399.9 414.8 425.4 424.3 395.0 424.1 429.6 425.5 -4.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

280.0 276.8 277.6 277.5 278.8 277.0 277.0 276.4 -0.6

Telecommunications

810.4 790.9 782.3 783.8 806.6 791.2 783.3 781.3 -2.0

Data processing, hosting and related services

301.3 299.8 300.7 298.4 300.6 299.7 300.1 298.0 -2.1

Other information services

248.9 263.0 264.4 263.2 248.1 262.8 263.7 262.9 -0.8

Financial activities

8,183 8,329 8,336 8,337 8,182 8,320 8,329 8,335 6

Finance and insurance

6,090.1 6,166.0 6,181.3 6,193.7 6,078.8 6,172.4 6,179.9 6,183.0 3.1

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.9 17.8 17.9 17.9 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.9 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,573.2 2,608.7 2,611.5 2,619.7 2,572.2 2,612.1 2,614.3 2,618.5 4.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,676.2 1,687.3 1,685.8 1,690.2 1,677.3 1,691.2 1,690.7 1,691.9 1.2

Commercial banking

1,264.3 1,265.6 1,263.4 1,265.9 1,264.7 1,268.2 1,267.2 1,267.2 0.0

Nondepository credit intermediation

600.9 610.8 613.9 616.1 599.1 610.2 612.2 613.7 1.5

Activities related to credit intermediation

296.1 310.6 311.8 313.4 295.8 310.7 311.3 312.9 1.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

919.5 930.9 931.3 929.7 918.9 930.5 928.7 928.8 0.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,579.5 2,608.6 2,620.6 2,626.4 2,569.9 2,612.0 2,619.1 2,617.8 -1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,092.8 2,162.6 2,154.8 2,143.6 2,103.2 2,147.1 2,148.8 2,152.4 3.6

Real estate

1,529.6 1,580.2 1,583.8 1,581.2 1,534.4 1,574.7 1,578.8 1,583.7 4.9

Rental and leasing services

539.3 559.2 547.5 538.9 545.0 549.1 546.7 545.4 -1.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.9 23.2 23.5 23.5 23.8 23.3 23.3 23.3 0.0

Professional and business services

20,081 20,451 20,601 20,669 19,921 20,381 20,429 20,492 63

Professional and technical services

8,737.7 8,900.0 8,990.5 9,041.0 8,742.2 8,991.6 9,016.5 9,040.2 23.7

Legal services

1,126.4 1,121.1 1,127.3 1,127.3 1,123.8 1,124.9 1,125.1 1,124.6 -0.5

Accounting and bookkeeping services

961.7 958.9 973.1 1,017.2 1,009.9 1,036.3 1,041.0 1,058.7 17.7

Architectural and engineering services

1,424.5 1,448.2 1,460.0 1,454.2 1,420.1 1,446.5 1,451.2 1,450.2 -1.0

Specialized design services

140.0 143.1 146.0 144.6 138.8 144.3 144.1 143.3 -0.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,960.3 2,010.2 2,034.0 2,042.4 1,948.4 2,016.5 2,024.9 2,030.3 5.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,303.5 1,361.5 1,381.7 1,385.4 1,291.4 1,364.4 1,370.4 1,373.9 3.5

Scientific research and development services

660.7 671.9 676.2 681.7 661.7 676.3 678.8 682.1 3.3

Advertising and related services

493.0 496.9 498.9 495.0 491.0 497.0 495.8 493.1 -2.7

Other professional and technical services

667.6 688.2 693.3 693.2 657.2 685.5 685.2 684.0 -1.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,245.3 2,278.9 2,277.9 2,283.0 2,244.6 2,277.2 2,280.1 2,282.1 2.0

Administrative and waste services

9,098.3 9,272.5 9,332.2 9,345.0 8,933.9 9,112.0 9,132.3 9,170.0 37.7

Administrative and support services

8,696.5 8,859.2 8,918.6 8,930.2 8,531.9 8,701.8 8,719.8 8,755.7 35.9

Office administrative services

478.2 497.3 500.9 504.2 478.2 497.8 500.2 502.7 2.5

Facilities support services

143.9 144.4 144.4 144.0 143.8 144.2 143.9 144.0 0.1

Employment services(1)

3,713.9 3,715.8 3,762.6 3,796.6 3,587.7 3,630.7 3,639.4 3,660.7 21.3

Temporary help services

3,033.4 3,027.0 3,072.6 3,098.5 2,919.2 2,953.7 2,961.0 2,975.3 14.3

Business support services

921.7 920.2 937.7 946.7 900.5 925.6 924.5 924.9 0.4

Travel arrangement and reservation services

201.4 205.1 204.1 202.0 201.2 204.5 204.2 202.6 -1.6

Investigation and security services

884.0 904.2 906.9 910.3 872.8 896.7 898.2 899.8 1.6

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,038.4 2,142.0 2,129.5 2,096.6 2,029.9 2,074.8 2,081.2 2,089.3 8.1

Other support services

315.0 330.2 332.5 329.8 317.9 327.6 328.2 331.6 3.4

Waste management and remediation services

401.8 413.3 413.6 414.8 402.0 410.2 412.5 414.3 1.8

Education and health services

22,569 22,738 23,050 23,145 22,315 22,808 22,852 22,896 44

Educational services

3,674.9 3,519.9 3,725.6 3,761.3 3,485.6 3,559.0 3,565.5 3,574.7 9.2

Health care and social assistance

18,893.7 19,217.8 19,324.2 19,383.2 18,829.3 19,249.3 19,286.7 19,321.4 34.7

Health care(3)

15,310.9 15,610.7 15,676.9 15,717.1 15,267.0 15,618.5 15,645.6 15,674.0 28.4

Ambulatory health care services

6,995.2 7,170.9 7,223.9 7,249.9 6,967.5 7,182.5 7,199.3 7,221.5 22.2

Offices of physicians

2,573.3 2,622.5 2,638.6 2,648.1 2,564.2 2,626.6 2,630.3 2,637.7 7.4

Offices of dentists

919.7 940.5 947.4 948.1 917.3 943.1 944.7 944.8 0.1

Offices of other health practitioners

825.1 866.6 877.8 881.7 823.7 870.3 874.6 879.8 5.2

Outpatient care centers

759.0 788.5 793.5 801.6 757.4 789.9 793.9 799.2 5.3

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

260.9 257.8 260.7 259.5 261.1 259.2 260.6 260.0 -0.6

Home health care services

1,361.2 1,400.6 1,410.4 1,413.1 1,349.6 1,399.4 1,402.6 1,404.8 2.2

Other ambulatory health care services

296.0 294.4 295.5 297.8 294.2 294.0 292.6 295.2 2.6

Hospitals

4,998.2 5,111.5 5,121.9 5,131.1 4,987.6 5,104.6 5,115.1 5,120.6 5.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,317.5 3,328.3 3,331.1 3,336.1 3,311.9 3,331.4 3,331.2 3,331.9 0.7

Nursing care facilities

1,663.4 1,660.7 1,659.0 1,661.8 1,659.2 1,659.9 1,657.4 1,657.2 -0.2

Residential mental health facilities

610.2 612.8 613.2 614.6 609.3 613.1 613.9 614.0 0.1

Community care facilities for the elderly

882.2 891.0 893.8 894.2 882.0 894.1 894.9 895.5 0.6

Other residential care facilities

161.7 163.8 165.1 165.5 161.4 164.3 165.0 165.2 0.2

Social assistance

3,582.8 3,607.1 3,647.3 3,666.1 3,562.3 3,630.8 3,641.1 3,647.4 6.3

Individual and family services

2,190.4 2,222.7 2,241.8 2,256.9 2,186.4 2,237.5 2,245.6 2,252.2 6.6

Emergency and other relief services

154.7 158.4 159.1 158.9 155.0 159.0 159.5 159.3 -0.2

Vocational rehabilitation services

334.1 332.1 333.6 332.2 334.6 333.5 334.5 333.2 -1.3

Child day care services

903.6 893.9 912.8 918.1 886.2 900.8 901.5 902.7 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

15,034 15,748 15,518 15,327 15,307 15,556 15,571 15,600 29

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,045.7 2,293.9 2,185.4 2,086.2 2,196.0 2,225.6 2,232.4 2,242.6 10.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

448.7 492.2 469.0 450.0 460.9 465.8 465.0 466.6 1.6

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

147.4 159.7 159.3 151.8 152.2 158.1 158.2 157.3 -0.9

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,449.6 1,642.0 1,557.1 1,484.4 1,582.9 1,601.7 1,609.2 1,618.7 9.5

Accommodation and food services

12,988.4 13,454.1 13,332.1 13,241.1 13,110.9 13,329.9 13,339.0 13,357.8 18.8

Accommodation

1,866.0 1,970.5 1,913.1 1,866.0 1,926.4 1,930.0 1,926.3 1,926.2 -0.1

Food services and drinking places

11,122.4 11,483.6 11,419.0 11,375.1 11,184.5 11,399.9 11,412.7 11,431.6 18.9

Other services

5,634 5,700 5,715 5,709 5,648 5,715 5,718 5,722 4

Repair and maintenance

1,281.7 1,284.1 1,288.1 1,282.4 1,285.3 1,284.2 1,287.1 1,286.5 -0.6

Personal and laundry services

1,412.2 1,446.4 1,447.7 1,450.6 1,413.6 1,446.4 1,448.1 1,451.9 3.8

Membership associations and organizations

2,940.5 2,969.8 2,979.0 2,976.4 2,948.6 2,984.1 2,982.9 2,984.0 1.1

Government

22,511 22,152 22,588 22,742 22,028 22,216 22,223 22,245 22

Federal

2,755.0 2,805.0 2,802.0 2,806.0 2,758.0 2,800.0 2,808.0 2,811.0 3.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,156.3 2,194.3 2,191.9 2,193.8 2,159.8 2,186.9 2,194.8 2,197.9 3.1

U.S. Postal Service

598.9 611.1 609.7 611.8 598.6 613.4 613.5 613.4 -0.1

State government

5,294.0 5,165.0 5,270.0 5,299.0 5,110.0 5,120.0 5,112.0 5,117.0 5.0

State government education

2,628.0 2,492.3 2,604.8 2,632.5 2,435.6 2,447.2 2,440.1 2,441.7 1.6

State government, excluding education

2,666.1 2,673.0 2,664.7 2,666.9 2,674.8 2,673.1 2,672.3 2,674.9 2.6

Local government

14,462.0 14,182.0 14,516.0 14,637.0 14,160.0 14,296.0 14,303.0 14,317.0 14.0

Local government education

8,165.7 7,766.7 8,124.6 8,218.4 7,814.8 7,875.2 7,871.7 7,870.3 -1.4

Local government, excluding education

6,296.6 6,415.1 6,391.6 6,418.3 6,345.4 6,420.5 6,431.4 6,446.8 15.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.3 40.3 40.4 40.2

Mining and logging

44.1 43.4 44.3 43.3

Construction

39.1 39.2 39.2 39.2

Manufacturing

40.7 40.7 40.8 40.6

Durable goods

41.0 41.2 41.3 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.0 39.8 40.0 39.7

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.2 34.2 34.3

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.9 38.9 38.9

Retail trade

31.4 30.8 30.8 30.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.9 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.6 42.4 43.0 41.9

Information

36.1 35.8 36.0 35.8

Financial activities

37.6 37.5 37.3 37.4

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.1 36.0

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.9 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.2 26.2 26.2

Other services

31.9 31.9 32.0 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

Total private

$25.27 $25.81 $25.92 $25.89 $871.82 $887.86 $891.65 $890.62

Goods-producing

26.47 27.08 27.24 27.09 1,066.74 1,091.32 1,100.50 1,089.02

Mining and logging

31.75 31.92 32.22 31.76 1,400.18 1,385.33 1,427.35 1,375.21

Construction

27.62 28.28 28.38 28.28 1,079.94 1,108.58 1,112.50 1,108.58

Manufacturing

25.52 26.17 26.35 26.19 1,038.66 1,065.12 1,075.08 1,063.31

Durable goods

26.80 27.42 27.63 27.43 1,098.80 1,129.70 1,141.12 1,127.37

Nondurable goods

23.30 24.01 24.14 24.06 932.00 955.60 965.60 955.18

Private service-providing

24.99 25.51 25.62 25.61 834.67 849.48 853.15 852.81

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22.02 22.46 22.55 22.56 761.89 768.13 771.21 773.81

Wholesale trade

28.81 29.70 29.76 29.76 1,120.71 1,155.33 1,157.66 1,157.66

Retail trade

17.69 17.90 17.96 18.01 555.47 551.32 553.17 556.51

Transportation and warehousing

23.07 23.48 23.56 23.65 897.42 913.37 911.77 917.62

Utilities

37.94 38.29 38.96 38.24 1,616.24 1,623.50 1,675.28 1,602.26

Information

35.79 36.95 37.36 37.27 1,292.02 1,322.81 1,344.96 1,334.27

Financial activities

31.84 32.60 32.60 32.70 1,197.18 1,222.50 1,215.98 1,222.98

Professional and business services

30.39 30.97 31.12 31.12 1,097.08 1,118.02 1,123.43 1,120.32

Education and health services

25.49 25.83 25.92 25.87 836.07 849.81 852.77 851.12

Leisure and hospitality

14.47 15.02 15.07 15.06 379.11 393.52 394.83 394.57

Other services

22.68 23.01 23.15 23.12 723.49 734.02 740.80 737.53

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2016 - Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2016 - Nov.
2016(p)

Total private

104.6 105.8 106.0 106.1 0.1 126.4 130.6 131.3 131.3 0.0

Goods-producing

90.1 90.1 90.3 90.0 -0.3 107.8 110.3 111.2 110.2 -0.9

Mining and logging

106.8 93.0 94.7 92.8 -2.0 136.2 119.2 122.5 118.3 -3.4

Construction

88.3 90.1 90.3 90.6 0.3 105.9 110.8 111.4 111.3 -0.1

Manufacturing

90.2 89.8 90.0 89.5 -0.6 107.0 109.3 110.3 109.1 -1.1

Durable goods

89.3 88.9 89.1 88.6 -0.6 106.2 108.2 109.3 107.9 -1.3

Nondurable goods

91.4 91.5 91.9 91.2 -0.8 108.1 111.5 112.5 111.4 -1.0

Private service-providing

108.8 110.3 110.5 110.6 0.1 132.1 136.8 137.5 137.6 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.9 101.9 102.0 102.3 0.3 120.8 123.2 123.8 124.2 0.3

Wholesale trade

100.1 100.8 100.9 101.0 0.1 120.3 124.9 125.4 125.4 0.0

Retail trade

100.5 100.1 100.0 100.3 0.3 117.5 118.4 118.7 119.4 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

108.5 109.4 109.1 109.5 0.4 127.0 130.3 130.4 131.5 0.8

Utilities

103.7 103.6 105.2 102.5 -2.6 130.0 131.1 135.4 129.5 -4.4

Information

90.8 90.9 91.3 90.5 -0.9 115.7 119.6 121.5 120.1 -1.2

Financial activities

100.8 102.2 101.7 102.1 0.4 125.1 129.9 129.4 130.2 0.6

Professional and business services

113.1 115.7 116.0 116.0 0.0 139.3 145.2 146.2 146.3 0.1

Education and health services

119.5 122.5 122.8 123.0 0.2 146.5 152.2 153.0 153.0 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

114.4 116.3 116.4 116.6 0.2 133.6 140.9 141.5 141.7 0.1

Other services

103.9 105.1 105.5 105.2 -0.3 129.1 132.6 133.9 133.4 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

70,531 71,902 71,959 72,032 49.4 49.7 49.6 49.6

Total private

57,926 59,136 59,197 59,252 47.9 48.2 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,279 4,301 4,304 4,309 21.8 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

109 100 100 100 14.1 14.7 14.7 14.7

Construction

815 834 839 839 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.5

Manufacturing

3,355 3,367 3,365 3,370 27.2 27.4 27.4 27.5

Durable goods

1,799 1,799 1,797 1,797 23.3 23.5 23.5 23.5

Nondurable goods

1,556 1,568 1,568 1,573 34.0 34.0 34.1 34.2

Private service-providing

53,647 54,835 54,893 54,943 53.0 53.3 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,964 11,160 11,155 11,150 40.5 40.7 40.7 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,735.2 1,754.3 1,754.8 1,752.3 29.4 29.5 29.5 29.5

Retail trade

7,932.6 8,075.7 8,068.4 8,062.6 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,161.4 1,198.8 1,200.3 1,203.2 23.8 24.4 24.4 24.4

Utilities

134.4 131.3 131.9 132.0 23.9 23.2 23.3 23.4

Information

1,105 1,114 1,116 1,109 40.1 40.1 40.2 40.1

Financial activities

4,667 4,740 4,742 4,747 57.0 57.0 56.9 57.0

Professional and business services

8,875 9,159 9,164 9,170 44.6 44.9 44.9 44.7

Education and health services

17,174 17,580 17,618 17,653 77.0 77.1 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

7,915 8,080 8,097 8,110 51.7 51.9 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,947 3,002 3,001 3,004 52.2 52.5 52.5 52.5

Government

12,605 12,766 12,762 12,780 57.2 57.5 57.4 57.5

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

Total private

99,566 100,926 101,024 101,124

Goods-producing

14,159 14,105 14,108 14,126

Mining and logging

559 475 475 480

Construction

4,939 5,034 5,046 5,057

Manufacturing

8,661 8,596 8,587 8,589

Durable goods

5,327 5,257 5,258 5,259

Nondurable goods

3,334 3,339 3,329 3,330

Private service-providing

85,407 86,821 86,916 86,998

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,777 23,007 23,017 23,005

Wholesale trade

4,726.7 4,754.1 4,760.2 4,763.4

Retail trade

13,371.6 13,550.6 13,543.6 13,514.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,227.3 4,247.6 4,257.8 4,272.0

Utilities

450.9 454.3 455.2 455.3

Information

2,229 2,235 2,242 2,225

Financial activities

6,334 6,458 6,467 6,478

Professional and business services

16,328 16,669 16,703 16,745

Education and health services

19,575 20,014 20,053 20,086

Leisure and hospitality

13,467 13,690 13,691 13,713

Other services

4,697 4,748 4,743 4,746

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.2 41.2 41.2 41.2

Mining and logging

45.6 45.7 45.8 45.6

Construction

39.8 39.8 39.6 39.8

Manufacturing

41.7 41.8 42.0 41.8

Durable goods

42.1 42.2 42.4 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.1 41.3 41.1

Private service-providing

32.4 32.3 32.4 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.4 33.5 33.4

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.7 38.8 38.7

Retail trade

30.1 29.6 29.7 29.6

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.8 38.6 38.6

Utilities

42.6 42.6 43.3 42.0

Information

35.6 35.7 35.6 35.2

Financial activities

37.1 36.9 36.8 36.8

Professional and business services

35.5 35.3 35.4 35.3

Education and health services

32.1 32.2 32.2 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 24.9 24.9 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.8 30.8 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4

Durable goods

4.2 4.5 4.5 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)

Total private

$21.23 $21.67 $21.71 $21.73 $715.45 $728.11 $729.46 $730.13

Goods-producing

22.16 22.75 22.80 22.80 912.99 937.30 939.36 939.36

Mining and logging

26.61 27.03 27.13 26.96 1,213.42 1,235.27 1,242.55 1,229.38

Construction

25.43 26.21 26.24 26.24 1,012.11 1,043.16 1,039.10 1,044.35

Manufacturing

20.07 20.56 20.64 20.62 836.92 859.41 866.88 861.92

Durable goods

21.10 21.57 21.64 21.63 888.31 910.25 917.54 912.79

Nondurable goods

18.39 18.93 19.02 18.99 757.67 778.02 785.53 780.49

Private service-providing

21.03 21.45 21.49 21.50 681.37 692.84 696.28 694.45

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.79 19.07 19.10 19.11 633.22 636.94 639.85 638.27

Wholesale trade

23.75 24.33 24.37 24.33 914.38 941.57 945.56 941.57

Retail trade

14.94 15.03 15.03 15.07 449.69 444.89 446.39 446.07

Transportation and warehousing

20.87 21.11 21.13 21.17 811.84 819.07 815.62 817.16

Utilities

34.66 35.42 35.86 35.35 1,476.52 1,508.89 1,552.74 1,484.70

Information

29.52 30.32 30.39 30.41 1,050.91 1,082.42 1,081.88 1,070.43

Financial activities

25.61 26.31 26.33 26.26 950.13 970.84 968.94 966.37

Professional and business services

25.05 25.59 25.63 25.69 889.28 903.33 907.30 906.86

Education and health services

22.27 22.59 22.63 22.67 714.87 727.40 728.69 732.24

Leisure and hospitality

12.55 12.97 12.98 13.01 313.75 322.95 323.20 325.25

Other services

19.14 19.30 19.38 19.38 587.60 594.44 596.90 596.90

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2016 - Nov.
2016(p)
Nov.
2015
Sept.
2016
Oct.
2016(p)
Nov.
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2016 - Nov.
2016(p)

Total private

111.8 113.0 113.1 113.2 0.1 158.6 163.6 164.1 164.4 0.2

Goods-producing

89.1 88.8 88.8 88.9 0.1 121.0 123.7 124.0 124.2 0.2

Mining and logging

135.5 115.4 115.6 116.3 0.6 209.6 181.3 182.4 182.4 0.0

Construction

98.4 100.3 100.1 100.8 0.7 135.2 142.0 141.8 142.8 0.7

Manufacturing

82.9 82.5 82.8 82.4 -0.5 108.8 110.9 111.8 111.1 -0.6

Durable goods

84.3 83.4 83.8 83.4 -0.5 111.0 112.3 113.2 112.6 -0.5

Nondurable goods

80.9 80.9 81.0 80.6 -0.5 105.2 108.2 108.9 108.2 -0.6

Private service-providing

117.8 119.4 119.9 119.7 -0.2 170.0 175.7 176.7 176.4 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

107.0 107.1 107.5 107.1 -0.4 143.4 145.7 146.5 146.0 -0.3

Wholesale trade

107.2 108.3 108.8 108.6 -0.2 149.9 155.3 156.1 155.6 -0.3

Retail trade

101.9 101.5 101.8 101.3 -0.5 130.5 130.8 131.2 130.8 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

123.8 124.1 123.7 124.1 0.3 163.9 166.1 165.8 166.7 0.5

Utilities

98.2 99.0 100.8 97.8 -3.0 142.1 146.3 150.9 144.3 -4.4

Information

90.6 91.1 91.1 89.4 -1.9 132.4 136.7 137.1 134.6 -1.8

Financial activities

110.6 112.2 112.0 112.2 0.2 174.3 181.6 181.5 181.3 -0.1

Professional and business services

129.9 131.9 132.5 132.5 0.0 193.7 200.8 202.1 202.5 0.2

Education and health services

133.9 137.4 137.6 138.3 0.5 196.9 204.8 205.6 206.9 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

123.3 124.9 124.9 125.6 0.6 175.8 183.9 184.1 185.5 0.8

Other services

101.1 102.6 102.5 102.5 0.0 141.0 144.2 144.7 144.8 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: December 02, 2016