Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until           USDL-16-1096
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 3, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- MAY 2016


The unemployment rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 4.7 percent in May, and 
nonfarm payroll employment changed little (+38,000), the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. Employment increased in health care. Mining continued 
to lose jobs, and employment in information decreased due to a strike.

Household Survey Data

In May, the unemployment rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 4.7 percent, and 
the number of unemployed persons declined by 484,000 to 7.4 million. Both measures 
had shown little movement from August to April. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.3 percent), 
adult women (4.2 percent), Whites (4.1 percent), and Hispanics (5.6 percent) 
declined in May. The rates for teenagers (16.0 percent), Blacks (8.2 percent), and 
Asians (4.1 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined 
by 178,000 to 1.9 million in May. These individuals accounted for 25.1 percent of 
the unemployed. The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks decreased by 
338,000 to 2.2 million. (See table A-12.)

The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs declined by 
282,000 over the month to 3.6 million. (See table A-11.)

In May, the civilian labor force participation rate decreased by 0.2 percentage 
point to 62.6 percent.  The rate has declined by 0.4 percentage point over the 
past 2 months, offsetting gains in the first quarter. The employment-population 
ratio, at 59.7 percent, was unchanged in May. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (also referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 468,000 to 6.4 million in May, 
after showing little movement since November. These individuals, who would have 
preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had 
been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In May, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little 
changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and 
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as 
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the 
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 538,000 discouraged workers in May, 
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)  
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.2 million persons 
marginally attached to the labor force in May had not searched for work for 
reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment changed little in May (+38,000). Job growth 
occurred in health care. Mining continued to lose jobs, and a strike resulted 
in job losses in information. (See table B-1.)

Health care added 46,000 jobs in May, with increases occurring in ambulatory 
health care services (+24,000), hospitals (+17,000), and nursing care facilities 
(+5,000). Over the year, health care employment has increased by 487,000.

In May, mining employment continued to decline (-10,000). Since reaching a
peak in September 2014, mining has lost 207,000 jobs. Support activities for 
mining accounted for three-fourths of the jobs lost during this period, including 
6,000 in May.

Employment in information declined by 34,000 in May. About 35,000 workers in the 
telecommunications industry were on strike and not on company payrolls during 
the survey reference period.

Within manufacturing, employment in durable goods declined by 18,000 in May, 
with job losses of 7,000 in machinery and 3,000 in furniture and related products.

Employment in professional and business services changed little in May (+10,000), 
after increasing by 55,000 in April. Within the industry, professional and 
technical services added 26,000 jobs in May, in line with average monthly gains 
over the prior 12 months. Employment in temporary help services was little changed 
over the month (-21,000) but is down by 64,000 thus far this year.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, wholesale trade, 
retail trade, transportation and warehousing, financial activities, leisure and 
hospitality, and government, changed little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged 
at 34.4 hours in May. The manufacturing workweek increased by 0.1 hour to 40.8 
hours, and manufacturing overtime was unchanged at 3.2 hours. The average workweek 
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 
unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In May, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
increased by 5 cents to $25.59, following an increase of 9 cents in April. Over 
the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.5 percent. Average hourly 
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 
3 cents to $21.49 in May. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for March was revised from +208,000 
to +186,000, and the change for April was revised from +160,000 to +123,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in March and April combined were 59,000 less 
than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 116,000 
per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 8, 
2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
Change from:
Apr.
2016-
May
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

250,455 252,768 252,969 253,174 205

Civilian labor force

157,367 159,286 158,924 158,466 -458

Participation rate

62.8 63.0 62.8 62.6 -0.2

Employed

148,748 151,320 151,004 151,030 26

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.9 59.7 59.7 0.0

Unemployed

8,619 7,966 7,920 7,436 -484

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.0 5.0 4.7 -0.3

Not in labor force

93,089 93,482 94,044 94,708 664

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.5 5.0 5.0 4.7 -0.3

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.0 4.5 4.6 4.3 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.0 4.6 4.5 4.2 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

17.8 15.9 16.0 16.0 0.0

White

4.7 4.3 4.3 4.1 -0.2

Black or African American

10.2 9.0 8.8 8.2 -0.6

Asian

4.1 4.0 3.8 4.1 0.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.7 5.6 6.1 5.6 -0.5

Total, 25 years and over

4.4 4.1 4.1 3.8 -0.3

Less than a high school diploma

8.5 7.4 7.5 7.1 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

5.7 5.4 5.4 5.1 -0.3

Some college or associate degree

4.4 4.1 4.1 3.9 -0.2

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.7 2.6 2.4 2.4 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,263 3,835 3,855 3,573 -282

Job leavers

823 833 851 796 -55

Reentrants

2,584 2,495 2,357 2,209 -148

New entrants

963 778 839 865 26

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,397 2,412 2,545 2,207 -338

5 to 14 weeks

2,507 2,205 2,131 2,239 108

15 to 26 weeks

1,286 1,178 1,304 1,173 -131

27 weeks and over

2,491 2,213 2,063 1,885 -178

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,600 6,123 5,962 6,430 468

Slack work or business conditions

3,883 3,631 3,709 3,890 181

Could only find part-time work

2,371 2,154 2,009 2,086 77

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,950 20,428 20,469 20,606 137

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,862 1,720 1,715 1,713 -

Discouraged workers

563 585 568 538 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

273 186 123 38

Total private

256 167 130 25

Goods-producing

5 -7 -14 -36

Mining and logging

-20 -15 -11 -11

Construction

17 37 -5 -15

Manufacturing

8 -29 2 -10

Durable goods(1)

2 -25 2 -18

Motor vehicles and parts

5.0 -1.0 6.6 -0.5

Nondurable goods

6 -4 0 8

Private service-providing

251 174 144 61

Wholesale trade

6.7 3.6 1.8 -10.3

Retail trade

26.9 42.4 -5.1 11.4

Transportation and warehousing

11.2 5.7 10.1 -0.5

Utilities

1.1 -0.9 -0.2 -1.3

Information

2 8 3 -34

Financial activities

9 14 18 8

Professional and business services(1)

80 31 55 10

Temporary help services

11.7 -1.8 5.0 -21.0

Education and health services(1)

57 46 46 67

Health care and social assistance

61.5 36.7 31.8 55.4

Leisure and hospitality

49 18 11 11

Other services

8 6 5 -1

Government

17 19 -7 13

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

203 196 181 116

Total private

196 181 173 107

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.3 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private women employees

47.9 48.1 48.1 48.1

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.4 82.3 82.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$24.97 $25.45 $25.54 $25.59

Average weekly earnings

$861.47 $875.48 $878.58 $880.30

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

103.5 105.0 105.1 105.2

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

123.5 127.8 128.4 128.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

62.0 56.3 53.8 51.3

Manufacturing (79 industries)

53.8 34.8 45.6 43.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
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HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

250,455 252,969 253,174 250,455 252,397 252,577 252,768 252,969 253,174

Civilian labor force

157,719 158,488 158,800 157,367 158,335 158,890 159,286 158,924 158,466

Participation rate

63.0 62.7 62.7 62.8 62.7 62.9 63.0 62.8 62.6

Employed

149,349 151,075 151,594 148,748 150,544 151,074 151,320 151,004 151,030

Employment-population ratio

59.6 59.7 59.9 59.4 59.6 59.8 59.9 59.7 59.7

Unemployed

8,370 7,413 7,207 8,619 7,791 7,815 7,966 7,920 7,436

Unemployment rate

5.3 4.7 4.5 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

Not in labor force

92,736 94,481 94,374 93,089 94,062 93,688 93,482 94,044 94,708

Persons who currently want a job

6,536 5,671 6,449 6,047 5,973 5,870 5,712 5,793 5,923

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,927 122,213 122,316 120,927 121,926 122,017 122,112 122,213 122,316

Civilian labor force

84,020 84,323 84,524 83,820 84,238 84,673 84,765 84,641 84,332

Participation rate

69.5 69.0 69.1 69.3 69.1 69.4 69.4 69.3 68.9

Employed

79,474 80,302 80,673 79,168 80,104 80,491 80,543 80,419 80,369

Employment-population ratio

65.7 65.7 66.0 65.5 65.7 66.0 66.0 65.8 65.7

Unemployed

4,546 4,021 3,851 4,652 4,134 4,181 4,222 4,222 3,963

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.8 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

Not in labor force

36,907 37,890 37,792 37,107 37,688 37,344 37,347 37,572 37,984

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,498 113,746 113,844 112,498 113,483 113,566 113,653 113,746 113,844

Civilian labor force

81,102 81,655 81,637 80,855 81,333 81,667 81,815 81,748 81,407

Participation rate

72.1 71.8 71.7 71.9 71.7 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.5

Employed

77,137 78,028 78,241 76,807 77,704 77,991 78,096 77,999 77,917

Employment-population ratio

68.6 68.6 68.7 68.3 68.5 68.7 68.7 68.6 68.4

Unemployed

3,965 3,628 3,396 4,048 3,629 3,677 3,719 3,749 3,490

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.4 4.2 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3

Not in labor force

31,396 32,090 32,208 31,644 32,151 31,898 31,838 31,998 32,437

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,528 130,756 130,858 129,528 130,471 130,561 130,656 130,756 130,858

Civilian labor force

73,699 74,164 74,276 73,547 74,097 74,217 74,520 74,284 74,134

Participation rate

56.9 56.7 56.8 56.8 56.8 56.8 57.0 56.8 56.7

Employed

69,875 70,773 70,921 69,580 70,440 70,583 70,777 70,586 70,661

Employment-population ratio

53.9 54.1 54.2 53.7 54.0 54.1 54.2 54.0 54.0

Unemployed

3,824 3,391 3,356 3,967 3,657 3,634 3,743 3,698 3,473

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.6 4.5 5.4 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

Not in labor force

55,829 56,592 56,582 55,981 56,374 56,344 56,135 56,472 56,725

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,342 122,524 122,622 121,342 122,263 122,345 122,433 122,524 122,622

Civilian labor force

70,874 71,329 71,366 70,712 71,171 71,313 71,610 71,302 71,218

Participation rate

58.4 58.2 58.2 58.3 58.2 58.3 58.5 58.2 58.1

Employed

67,493 68,346 68,496 67,175 67,940 68,094 68,293 68,072 68,209

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.8 55.9 55.4 55.6 55.7 55.8 55.6 55.6

Unemployed

3,381 2,983 2,870 3,538 3,231 3,219 3,317 3,230 3,009

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.2 4.0 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.2

Not in labor force

50,467 51,196 51,256 50,629 51,092 51,032 50,823 51,223 51,404

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,615 16,699 16,708 16,615 16,651 16,666 16,682 16,699 16,708

Civilian labor force

5,743 5,504 5,797 5,800 5,832 5,909 5,860 5,875 5,841

Participation rate

34.6 33.0 34.7 34.9 35.0 35.5 35.1 35.2 35.0

Employed

4,718 4,701 4,857 4,766 4,901 4,990 4,931 4,934 4,904

Employment-population ratio

28.4 28.2 29.1 28.7 29.4 29.9 29.6 29.5 29.4

Unemployed

1,025 802 940 1,033 931 920 929 941 937

Unemployment rate

17.8 14.6 16.2 17.8 16.0 15.6 15.9 16.0 16.0

Not in labor force

10,872 11,195 10,911 10,815 10,819 10,757 10,822 10,824 10,867

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

196,673 197,906 198,013 196,673 197,639 197,718 197,809 197,906 198,013

Civilian labor force

124,087 124,416 124,590 123,796 124,362 124,748 125,018 124,749 124,299

Participation rate

63.1 62.9 62.9 62.9 62.9 63.1 63.2 63.0 62.8

Employed

118,457 119,337 119,686 117,991 119,029 119,442 119,674 119,369 119,222

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.3 60.4 60.0 60.2 60.4 60.5 60.3 60.2

Unemployed

5,630 5,079 4,904 5,805 5,333 5,306 5,345 5,380 5,077

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.1 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1

Not in labor force

72,586 73,490 73,423 72,877 73,277 72,970 72,791 73,157 73,714

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,942 65,093 65,104 64,754 65,002 65,304 65,296 65,178 64,932

Participation rate

72.3 72.0 72.0 72.1 72.0 72.3 72.3 72.1 71.8

Employed

62,297 62,583 62,777 62,009 62,482 62,787 62,739 62,600 62,498

Employment-population ratio

69.4 69.2 69.4 69.1 69.2 69.5 69.4 69.2 69.1

Unemployed

2,645 2,510 2,327 2,746 2,520 2,517 2,557 2,578 2,434

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.9 3.6 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,619 55,023 54,925 54,457 54,753 54,803 55,142 54,984 54,754

Participation rate

57.7 57.8 57.7 57.6 57.6 57.6 58.0 57.8 57.5

Employed

52,347 52,991 53,017 52,110 52,603 52,659 52,992 52,798 52,775

Employment-population ratio

55.3 55.7 55.7 55.1 55.4 55.4 55.7 55.5 55.4

Unemployed

2,271 2,032 1,908 2,347 2,150 2,144 2,149 2,185 1,979

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.7 3.5 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,526 4,300 4,560 4,585 4,607 4,641 4,580 4,587 4,612

Participation rate

36.7 34.8 36.9 37.2 37.4 37.7 37.1 37.2 37.4

Employed

3,812 3,763 3,892 3,872 3,944 3,995 3,942 3,970 3,949

Employment-population ratio

30.9 30.5 31.5 31.4 32.0 32.4 32.0 32.2 32.0

Unemployed

714 537 668 712 663 645 638 617 664

Unemployment rate

15.8 12.5 14.7 15.5 14.4 13.9 13.9 13.4 14.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,326 31,792 31,828 31,326 31,679 31,716 31,753 31,792 31,828

Civilian labor force

19,443 19,368 19,424 19,434 19,536 19,569 19,513 19,413 19,410

Participation rate

62.1 60.9 61.0 62.0 61.7 61.7 61.5 61.1 61.0

Employed

17,489 17,779 17,865 17,450 17,821 17,851 17,759 17,700 17,822

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.9 56.1 55.7 56.3 56.3 55.9 55.7 56.0

Unemployed

1,953 1,590 1,559 1,984 1,716 1,718 1,754 1,713 1,588

Unemployment rate

10.0 8.2 8.0 10.2 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.2

Not in labor force

11,883 12,423 12,403 11,892 12,143 12,147 12,240 12,379 12,417

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,927 8,964 8,926 8,902 8,844 8,910 8,881 9,013 8,889

Participation rate

68.7 67.7 67.4 68.5 67.1 67.5 67.2 68.1 67.1

Employed

7,994 8,157 8,248 7,987 8,101 8,146 8,112 8,155 8,218

Employment-population ratio

61.5 61.6 62.3 61.4 61.5 61.7 61.4 61.6 62.0

Unemployed

933 807 677 915 743 764 768 858 671

Unemployment rate

10.5 9.0 7.6 10.3 8.4 8.6 8.7 9.5 7.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,798 9,712 9,773 9,822 9,970 9,938 9,868 9,667 9,801

Participation rate

61.9 60.5 60.8 62.0 62.3 62.0 61.5 60.2 61.0

Employed

8,990 9,090 9,089 8,967 9,179 9,152 9,076 9,003 9,079

Employment-population ratio

56.8 56.6 56.6 56.6 57.4 57.1 56.6 56.1 56.5

Unemployed

808 622 684 855 791 786 792 665 722

Unemployment rate

8.2 6.4 7.0 8.7 7.9 7.9 8.0 6.9 7.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

718 693 726 710 722 720 764 732 720

Participation rate

28.8 27.6 28.9 28.5 28.9 28.8 30.5 29.2 28.7

Employed

506 533 528 496 540 552 571 542 525

Employment-population ratio

20.3 21.3 21.0 19.9 21.7 22.1 22.8 21.6 20.9

Unemployed

212 160 198 215 182 168 193 190 195

Unemployment rate

29.6 23.1 27.3 30.2 25.2 23.3 25.3 26.0 27.1

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,403 14,853 14,938 14,403 14,816 14,974 14,911 14,853 14,938

Civilian labor force

9,157 9,444 9,422 9,159 9,192 9,426 9,411 9,448 9,413

Participation rate

63.6 63.6 63.1 63.6 62.0 62.9 63.1 63.6 63.0

Employed

8,804 9,101 9,055 8,785 8,856 9,070 9,038 9,090 9,027

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.3 60.6 61.0 59.8 60.6 60.6 61.2 60.4

Unemployed

353 343 367 374 337 355 373 357 386

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.6 3.9 4.1 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.1

Not in labor force

5,246 5,409 5,516 5,244 5,623 5,548 5,500 5,406 5,525

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,483 40,474 40,558 39,483 40,215 40,302 40,386 40,474 40,558

Civilian labor force

26,179 26,530 26,535 26,132 26,451 26,642 26,782 26,595 26,510

Participation rate

66.3 65.5 65.4 66.2 65.8 66.1 66.3 65.7 65.4

Employed

24,521 25,036 25,163 24,377 24,893 25,193 25,289 24,960 25,032

Employment-population ratio

62.1 61.9 62.0 61.7 61.9 62.5 62.6 61.7 61.7

Unemployed

1,658 1,493 1,372 1,755 1,558 1,449 1,493 1,636 1,478

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.6 5.2 6.7 5.9 5.4 5.6 6.1 5.6

Not in labor force

13,304 13,944 14,023 13,351 13,764 13,660 13,604 13,878 14,048

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,505 14,656 14,616 14,470 14,590 14,705 14,799 14,685 14,598

Participation rate

81.5 80.3 79.9 81.3 80.5 80.9 81.3 80.5 79.8

Employed

13,676 13,985 14,016 13,613 13,878 14,018 14,085 13,949 13,956

Employment-population ratio

76.8 76.7 76.7 76.5 76.5 77.2 77.4 76.5 76.3

Unemployed

829 671 600 857 712 688 714 736 642

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.6 4.1 5.9 4.9 4.7 4.8 5.0 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,575 10,768 10,696 10,533 10,649 10,742 10,814 10,744 10,667

Participation rate

58.8 58.3 57.8 58.6 58.0 58.4 58.7 58.2 57.6

Employed

9,936 10,099 10,134 9,849 10,022 10,167 10,218 10,041 10,058

Employment-population ratio

55.2 54.7 54.8 54.8 54.6 55.3 55.5 54.4 54.3

Unemployed

639 670 562 684 627 576 596 703 609

Unemployment rate

6.0 6.2 5.3 6.5 5.9 5.4 5.5 6.5 5.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,099 1,105 1,223 1,129 1,212 1,194 1,168 1,166 1,244

Participation rate

29.7 29.4 32.5 30.5 32.5 31.9 31.1 31.0 33.0

Employed

910 952 1,014 915 994 1,008 986 969 1,017

Employment-population ratio

24.6 25.3 26.9 24.7 26.6 26.9 26.3 25.8 27.0

Unemployed

190 153 209 214 218 186 182 196 227

Unemployment rate

17.3 13.8 17.1 18.9 18.0 15.6 15.6 16.8 18.3

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,481 11,036 10,786 11,100 11,037 10,648 10,777 10,777 10,464

Participation rate

45.9 47.2 45.9 44.4 46.0 46.2 46.2 46.1 44.5

Employed

10,561 10,206 10,064 10,156 10,221 9,871 9,978 9,966 9,720

Employment-population ratio

42.2 43.7 42.8 40.6 42.6 42.8 42.8 42.7 41.3

Unemployed

919 830 722 944 816 777 799 812 744

Unemployment rate

8.0 7.5 6.7 8.5 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,442 35,635 35,688 35,380 35,347 35,626 35,615 35,501 35,536

Participation rate

57.4 57.4 57.4 57.3 57.8 57.5 57.4 57.2 57.1

Employed

33,515 33,785 33,993 33,347 33,475 33,747 33,688 33,567 33,728

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.4 54.7 54.0 54.7 54.5 54.3 54.1 54.2

Unemployed

1,927 1,850 1,695 2,033 1,872 1,878 1,927 1,934 1,808

Unemployment rate

5.4 5.2 4.8 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,403 37,841 37,776 37,479 38,098 38,106 37,958 37,757 37,829

Participation rate

67.0 66.1 66.1 67.2 66.5 66.7 66.3 65.9 66.2

Employed

35,841 36,350 36,416 35,827 36,493 36,496 36,396 36,204 36,364

Employment-population ratio

64.2 63.5 63.7 64.2 63.7 63.9 63.6 63.2 63.7

Unemployed

1,562 1,491 1,361 1,651 1,605 1,610 1,562 1,553 1,465

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.9 3.6 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

52,052 53,428 53,448 51,989 52,674 53,112 53,447 53,316 53,398

Participation rate

75.2 74.4 74.4 75.1 73.8 73.8 74.5 74.3 74.3

Employed

50,722 52,223 52,247 50,567 51,358 51,805 52,051 52,025 52,113

Employment-population ratio

73.3 72.8 72.7 73.0 71.9 72.0 72.6 72.5 72.5

Unemployed

1,329 1,205 1,201 1,422 1,316 1,307 1,396 1,291 1,285

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,251 20,937 19,255 18,924 1,996 2,013

Civilian labor force

10,767 10,561 9,514 9,327 1,253 1,234

Participation rate

50.7 50.4 49.4 49.3 62.8 61.3

Employed

10,227 10,198 9,054 9,016 1,173 1,183

Employment-population ratio

48.1 48.7 47.0 47.6 58.8 58.8

Unemployed

541 363 460 312 81 51

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.4 4.8 3.3 6.4 4.1

Not in labor force

10,484 10,376 9,741 9,597 743 779

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,610 3,905 2,988 3,195 621 711

Civilian labor force

2,946 3,133 2,512 2,634 434 500

Participation rate

81.6 80.2 84.1 82.4 69.9 70.3

Employed

2,787 3,008 2,380 2,529 406 480

Employment-population ratio

77.2 77.0 79.6 79.1 65.4 67.5

Unemployed

160 125 132 105 28 20

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.0 5.3 4.0 6.3 4.0

Not in labor force

663 772 476 561 187 211

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,399 3,320 2,860 2,836 540 483

Civilian labor force

2,725 2,665 2,325 2,279 400 386

Participation rate

80.2 80.3 81.3 80.4 74.0 79.8

Employed

2,586 2,600 2,227 2,224 359 376

Employment-population ratio

76.1 78.3 77.9 78.4 66.5 77.8

Unemployed

139 65 98 55 41 10

Unemployment rate

5.1 2.4 4.2 2.4 10.1 2.5

Not in labor force

675 655 534 557 140 98

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,954 8,540 8,636 8,234 318 306

Civilian labor force

2,374 2,150 2,270 2,084 104 67

Participation rate

26.5 25.2 26.3 25.3 32.8 21.8

Employed

2,257 2,085 2,160 2,025 97 59

Employment-population ratio

25.2 24.4 25.0 24.6 30.4 19.4

Unemployed

118 66 110 59 8 7

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.1 4.8 2.8 7.5 -

Not in labor force

6,580 6,390 6,366 6,150 214 239

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,288 5,172 4,771 4,659 517 513

Civilian labor force

2,722 2,613 2,407 2,331 315 281

Participation rate

51.5 50.5 50.4 50.0 61.0 54.9

Employed

2,598 2,505 2,287 2,237 311 268

Employment-population ratio

49.1 48.4 47.9 48.0 60.1 52.2

Unemployed

124 107 119 94 5 14

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.1 5.0 4.0 1.5 4.9

Not in labor force

2,566 2,559 2,364 2,328 202 232

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

220,356 223,294 97,162 98,902 123,194 124,392

Civilian labor force

144,962 146,177 73,468 74,202 71,494 71,976

Participation rate

65.8 65.5 75.6 75.0 58.0 57.9

Employed

137,529 139,732 69,617 70,856 67,913 68,876

Employment-population ratio

62.4 62.6 71.7 71.6 55.1 55.4

Unemployed

7,432 6,445 3,851 3,345 3,581 3,100

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.4 5.2 4.5 5.0 4.3

Not in labor force

75,394 77,117 23,693 24,701 51,701 52,416

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,922 30,209 220,533 222,965

Civilian labor force

5,933 6,186 151,787 152,614

Participation rate

19.8 20.5 68.8 68.4

Employed

5,333 5,583 144,016 146,010

Employment-population ratio

17.8 18.5 65.3 65.5

Unemployed

600 603 7,771 6,604

Unemployment rate

10.1 9.7 5.1 4.3

Not in labor force

23,989 24,023 68,746 70,351

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,649 2,804 76,446 76,583

Participation rate

34.1 35.6 82.6 82.3

Employed

2,335 2,517 72,387 73,169

Employment-population ratio

30.1 32.0 78.2 78.6

Unemployed

314 287 4,059 3,414

Unemployment rate

11.9 10.2 5.3 4.5

Not in labor force

5,121 5,073 16,098 16,504

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,313 2,233 67,456 67,910

Participation rate

28.5 27.7 70.5 70.5

Employed

2,071 1,989 64,011 64,927

Employment-population ratio

25.6 24.7 66.9 67.4

Unemployed

242 245 3,445 2,983

Unemployment rate

10.5 11.0 5.1 4.4

Not in labor force

5,792 5,830 28,252 28,427

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

970 1,149 7,885 8,122

Participation rate

6.9 8.0 24.4 24.2

Employed

927 1,078 7,618 7,915

Employment-population ratio

6.6 7.6 23.6 23.6

Unemployed

43 71 267 207

Unemployment rate

4.5 6.2 3.4 2.5

Not in labor force

13,077 13,120 24,396 25,421

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,380 40,693 19,629 19,810 20,751 20,882

Civilian labor force

26,331 26,243 15,388 15,269 10,943 10,973

Participation rate

65.2 64.5 78.4 77.1 52.7 52.5

Employed

25,098 25,274 14,740 14,781 10,358 10,493

Employment-population ratio

62.2 62.1 75.1 74.6 49.9 50.3

Unemployed

1,233 969 648 489 585 480

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.7 4.2 3.2 5.3 4.4

Not in labor force

14,049 14,450 4,241 4,541 9,807 9,909

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

210,075 212,482 101,297 102,506 108,778 109,976

Civilian labor force

131,388 132,557 68,632 69,255 62,756 63,303

Participation rate

62.5 62.4 67.8 67.6 57.7 57.6

Employed

124,251 126,319 64,734 65,892 59,517 60,427

Employment-population ratio

59.1 59.4 63.9 64.3 54.7 54.9

Unemployed

7,137 6,238 3,899 3,362 3,239 2,875

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.7 5.7 4.9 5.2 4.5

Not in labor force

78,687 79,925 32,665 33,251 46,022 46,674

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,431 2,478 2,620 2,395 2,385 2,456 2,623 2,592 2,585

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,536 1,592 1,695 1,532 1,538 1,571 1,643 1,706 1,689

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

866 869 899 835 827 878 938 856 862

Unpaid family workers

30 17 26 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

146,918 148,597 148,974 146,336 148,115 148,620 148,704 148,377 148,429

Wage and salary workers(1)

137,648 139,607 139,978 137,201 139,371 139,815 139,703 139,411 139,574

Government

20,902 20,615 20,889 20,609 20,715 20,775 20,548 20,323 20,599

Private industries

116,746 118,992 119,089 116,616 118,690 119,024 119,223 119,136 119,011

Private households

770 747 732 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,976 118,245 118,357 115,859 118,025 118,332 118,584 118,390 118,282

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,207 8,941 8,914 9,133 8,699 8,735 8,869 8,872 8,816

Unpaid family workers

63 50 82 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,363 5,771 6,238 6,600 5,988 5,988 6,123 5,962 6,430

Slack work or business conditions

3,673 3,603 3,721 3,883 3,544 3,579 3,631 3,709 3,890

Could only find part-time work

2,434 1,994 2,162 2,371 2,134 2,104 2,154 2,009 2,086

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,192 21,460 20,888 19,950 20,311 20,615 20,428 20,469 20,606

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,272 5,690 6,188 6,491 5,851 5,897 6,032 5,874 6,372

Slack work or business conditions

3,624 3,546 3,685 3,819 3,467 3,519 3,575 3,651 3,828

Could only find part-time work

2,416 1,984 2,156 2,353 2,116 2,099 2,138 1,995 2,076

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,824 21,089 20,492 19,582 19,973 20,238 20,084 20,114 20,224

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

149,349 151,075 151,594 148,748 150,544 151,074 151,320 151,004 151,030

16 to 19 years

4,718 4,701 4,857 4,766 4,901 4,990 4,931 4,934 4,904

16 to 17 years

1,593 1,540 1,663 1,670 1,669 1,731 1,688 1,692 1,732

18 to 19 years

3,126 3,161 3,194 3,117 3,222 3,279 3,252 3,239 3,193

20 years and over

144,630 146,374 146,737 143,981 145,644 146,085 146,389 146,070 146,126

20 to 24 years

13,990 13,810 14,018 14,061 14,056 14,109 14,171 14,016 14,090

25 years and over

130,640 132,564 132,719 129,886 131,597 131,922 132,116 131,998 131,965

25 to 54 years

96,939 97,932 98,203 96,517 97,583 97,736 97,932 97,648 97,765

25 to 34 years

32,935 33,458 33,707 32,775 33,320 33,370 33,493 33,390 33,518

35 to 44 years

31,224 31,533 31,693 31,118 31,511 31,548 31,555 31,445 31,578

45 to 54 years

32,780 32,941 32,803 32,624 32,752 32,818 32,883 32,813 32,669

55 years and over

33,701 34,632 34,516 33,369 34,014 34,186 34,184 34,350 34,200

Men, 16 years and over

79,474 80,302 80,673 79,168 80,104 80,491 80,543 80,419 80,369

16 to 19 years

2,337 2,275 2,432 2,361 2,400 2,501 2,447 2,420 2,452

16 to 17 years

803 709 801 837 813 830 770 789 826

18 to 19 years

1,534 1,566 1,631 1,531 1,587 1,681 1,674 1,621 1,630

20 years and over

77,137 78,028 78,241 76,807 77,704 77,991 78,096 77,999 77,917

20 to 24 years

7,232 7,168 7,205 7,246 7,191 7,293 7,284 7,274 7,221

25 years and over

69,905 70,860 71,036 69,528 70,500 70,637 70,750 70,710 70,647

25 to 54 years

51,950 52,414 52,657 51,726 52,436 52,513 52,580 52,388 52,431

25 to 34 years

17,820 18,056 18,224 17,747 18,069 18,056 18,199 18,060 18,136

35 to 44 years

16,840 17,024 17,127 16,776 17,010 17,075 17,018 17,017 17,059

45 to 54 years

17,290 17,334 17,306 17,202 17,357 17,382 17,363 17,312 17,236

55 years and over

17,955 18,446 18,379 17,802 18,064 18,125 18,170 18,321 18,216

Women, 16 years and over

69,875 70,773 70,921 69,580 70,440 70,583 70,777 70,586 70,661

16 to 19 years

2,382 2,427 2,424 2,405 2,501 2,489 2,485 2,514 2,452

16 to 17 years

790 831 862 833 856 901 918 903 906

18 to 19 years

1,592 1,596 1,563 1,587 1,635 1,598 1,578 1,618 1,563

20 years and over

67,493 68,346 68,496 67,175 67,940 68,094 68,293 68,072 68,209

20 to 24 years

6,758 6,642 6,813 6,815 6,865 6,817 6,887 6,742 6,868

25 years and over

60,735 61,704 61,683 60,358 61,096 61,285 61,366 61,288 61,318

25 to 54 years

44,990 45,518 45,546 44,791 45,147 45,224 45,351 45,259 45,334

25 to 34 years

15,115 15,402 15,483 15,028 15,250 15,315 15,294 15,330 15,382

35 to 44 years

14,385 14,509 14,566 14,342 14,501 14,474 14,537 14,427 14,519

45 to 54 years

15,490 15,607 15,498 15,421 15,395 15,435 15,520 15,502 15,433

55 years and over

15,746 16,186 16,137 15,567 15,950 16,061 16,015 16,028 15,984

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

45,077 45,277 45,215 44,791 45,231 45,175 45,266 45,207 45,023

Married women, spouse present

35,035 35,333 35,279 34,893 34,997 35,100 35,387 35,227 35,158

Women who maintain families

9,787 9,678 9,831 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

121,863 122,742 123,548 121,415 123,141 123,206 123,447 123,194 123,135

Part-time workers(2)

27,486 28,333 28,046 27,452 27,364 27,853 27,818 27,797 27,936

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,081 7,383 7,472 6,986 7,504 7,339 7,466 7,411 7,412

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,457 5,518 5,476 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

10,073 9,809 9,813 9,968 9,526 9,613 9,807 9,728 9,678

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

8,619 7,920 7,436 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

16 to 19 years

1,033 941 937 17.8 16.0 15.6 15.9 16.0 16.0

16 to 17 years

398 415 394 19.3 17.9 18.8 19.2 19.7 18.5

18 to 19 years

628 504 536 16.8 14.9 13.8 14.0 13.5 14.4

20 years and over

7,586 6,979 6,500 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.3

20 to 24 years

1,577 1,357 1,269 10.1 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.8 8.3

25 years and over

6,028 5,618 5,261 4.4 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8

25 to 54 years

4,748 4,319 4,074 4.7 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.0

25 to 34 years

2,007 1,822 1,777 5.8 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.0

35 to 44 years

1,418 1,298 1,137 4.4 4.0 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.5

45 to 54 years

1,323 1,199 1,160 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4

55 years and over

1,287 1,298 1,189 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.4

Men, 16 years and over

4,652 4,222 3,963 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

16 to 19 years

604 473 473 20.4 17.4 16.8 17.0 16.4 16.2

16 to 17 years

237 204 197 22.1 19.8 21.4 22.8 20.6 19.3

18 to 19 years

361 247 271 19.1 16.1 14.5 14.3 13.2 14.3

20 years and over

4,048 3,749 3,490 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3

20 to 24 years

899 762 699 11.0 9.0 9.3 9.1 9.5 8.8

25 years and over

3,184 2,985 2,823 4.4 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,467 2,269 2,135 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.9

25 to 34 years

1,067 1,023 975 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.4 5.1

35 to 44 years

741 636 593 4.2 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4

45 to 54 years

659 610 567 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.2

55 years and over

717 716 687 3.9 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.6

Women, 16 years and over

3,967 3,698 3,473 5.4 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

16 to 19 years

430 468 464 15.2 14.5 14.3 14.6 15.7 15.9

16 to 17 years

161 211 196 16.2 16.1 16.3 16.0 18.9 17.8

18 to 19 years

267 257 265 14.4 13.8 13.1 13.6 13.7 14.5

20 years and over

3,538 3,230 3,009 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.2

20 to 24 years

678 595 570 9.0 7.3 7.9 7.6 8.1 7.7

25 years and over

2,843 2,633 2,438 4.5 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.8

25 to 54 years

2,281 2,050 1,939 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1

25 to 34 years

940 799 802 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.0

35 to 44 years

677 663 544 4.5 4.4 4.1 4.2 4.4 3.6

45 to 54 years

664 588 593 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.7

55 years and over

590 590 527 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.2

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,326 1,258 1,209 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.6

Married women, spouse present

1,177 1,135 1,043 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.9

Women who maintain families(1)

717 695 694 6.8 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.6

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,175 6,585 6,103 5.6 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.1 4.7

Part-time workers(3)

1,416 1,313 1,331 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,962 3,716 3,322 4,263 3,664 3,749 3,835 3,855 3,573

On temporary layoff

818 748 645 1,041 923 960 921 841 829

Not on temporary layoff

3,144 2,968 2,677 3,222 2,741 2,790 2,914 3,014 2,744

Permanent job losers

2,175 2,065 1,955 2,211 1,876 1,969 2,068 2,058 1,982

Persons who completed temporary jobs

969 903 722 1,011 865 821 845 957 762

Job leavers

771 810 744 823 766 760 833 851 796

Reentrants

2,719 2,163 2,305 2,584 2,468 2,467 2,495 2,357 2,209

New entrants

918 724 835 963 827 833 778 839 865

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

47.3 50.1 46.1 49.4 47.4 48.0 48.3 48.8 48.0

On temporary layoff

9.8 10.1 9.0 12.1 11.9 12.3 11.6 10.6 11.1

Not on temporary layoff

37.6 40.0 37.1 37.3 35.5 35.7 36.7 38.2 36.9

Job leavers

9.2 10.9 10.3 9.5 9.9 9.7 10.5 10.8 10.7

Reentrants

32.5 29.2 32.0 29.9 31.9 31.6 31.4 29.8 29.7

New entrants

11.0 9.8 11.6 11.2 10.7 10.7 9.8 10.6 11.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.5 2.3 2.1 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.7 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4

New entrants

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,473 2,164 2,243 2,397 2,249 2,297 2,412 2,545 2,207

5 to 14 weeks

2,046 1,749 1,850 2,507 2,282 2,236 2,205 2,131 2,239

15 weeks and over

3,851 3,499 3,113 3,778 3,224 3,297 3,391 3,367 3,058

15 to 26 weeks

1,346 1,390 1,219 1,286 1,135 1,132 1,178 1,304 1,173

27 weeks and over

2,505 2,109 1,894 2,491 2,089 2,165 2,213 2,063 1,885

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

31.9 29.8 27.8 30.5 28.9 29.0 28.4 27.7 26.7

Median duration, in weeks

12.6 13.2 11.4 11.6 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.4 10.7

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

29.5 29.2 31.1 27.6 29.0 29.3 30.1 31.6 29.4

5 to 14 weeks

24.4 23.6 25.7 28.9 29.4 28.6 27.5 26.5 29.8

15 weeks and over

46.0 47.2 43.2 43.5 41.6 42.1 42.4 41.9 40.8

15 to 26 weeks

16.1 18.8 16.9 14.8 14.6 14.5 14.7 16.2 15.6

27 weeks and over

29.9 28.5 26.3 28.7 26.9 27.7 27.6 25.7 25.1

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

149,349 151,594 8,370 7,207 5.3 4.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

58,155 59,613 1,460 1,305 2.4 2.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,891 24,907 709 606 2.9 2.4

Professional and related occupations

34,264 34,706 751 699 2.1 2.0

Service occupations

26,296 26,931 1,853 1,533 6.6 5.4

Sales and office occupations

33,838 33,235 1,909 1,541 5.3 4.4

Sales and related occupations

15,962 15,721 987 850 5.8 5.1

Office and administrative support occupations

17,876 17,515 923 690 4.9 3.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,754 13,941 977 827 6.6 5.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,086 1,227 112 113 9.3 8.4

Construction and extraction occupations

7,821 7,964 632 519 7.5 6.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,847 4,750 233 196 4.6 4.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,306 17,873 1,212 1,154 6.5 6.1

Production occupations

8,481 8,725 549 569 6.1 6.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,825 9,148 664 584 7.0 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,370 7,207 5.3 4.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,379 5,473 5.2 4.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

72 96 7.2 11.1

Construction

569 461 6.7 5.2

Manufacturing

702 738 4.6 4.7

Durable goods

405 466 4.1 4.7

Nondurable goods

297 272 5.4 4.8

Wholesale and retail trade

1,237 981 6.0 5.0

Transportation and utilities

261 254 4.2 3.9

Information

90 134 3.3 5.2

Financial activities

214 178 2.3 1.8

Professional and business services

963 713 6.1 4.3

Education and health services

806 679 3.5 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,117 933 7.9 6.6

Other services

348 305 5.3 4.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

151 116 9.2 6.5

Government workers

491 452 2.3 2.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

431 330 4.1 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
May
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.4 2.2 2.0 2.4 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.5 2.3 2.1 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.3 4.7 4.5 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.6 5.0 4.9 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.0

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.4 5.7 5.6 6.6 6.2 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.4 9.3 9.4 10.7 9.9 9.7 9.8 9.7 9.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016
May
2015
May
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,736 94,374 36,907 37,792 55,829 56,582

Persons who currently want a job

6,536 6,449 2,969 3,061 3,567 3,388

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,862 1,713 918 896 945 817

Discouraged workers(2)

563 538 327 339 236 199

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,300 1,175 591 557 709 617

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,081 7,472 3,441 3,677 3,641 3,796

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.9 4.3 4.6 5.2 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,796 4,052 1,993 2,237 1,803 1,815

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,870 2,140 640 725 1,229 1,415

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

284 256 183 176 102 80

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,093 970 598 507 496 462

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
Change from:
Apr.2016 - May2016(p)

Total nonfarm

142,233 142,895 143,941 144,592 141,496 143,733 143,856 143,894 38

Total private

119,879 120,413 121,440 122,137 119,508 121,650 121,780 121,805 25

Goods-producing

19,611 19,288 19,494 19,644 19,574 19,675 19,661 19,625 -36

Mining and logging

821 703 692 687 824 717 706 695 -11

Logging

50.9 49.1 46.6 47.8 52.2 51.2 49.9 49.3 -0.6

Mining

769.7 653.7 645.1 638.8 771.5 666.0 655.9 645.7 -10.2

Oil and gas extraction

192.5 176.2 172.7 172.7 193.2 177.9 175.6 173.9 -1.7

Mining, except oil and gas

203.5 181.1 183.6 184.6 200.5 186.6 184.5 182.1 -2.4

Coal mining

66.4 56.3 55.3 53.5 66.4 56.6 55.5 53.9 -1.6

Metal ore mining

42.5 38.2 37.7 38.4 42.4 38.6 38.0 38.3 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

94.6 86.6 90.6 92.7 91.6 91.5 90.9 89.9 -1.0

Support activities for mining

373.7 296.4 288.8 281.5 377.8 301.5 295.8 289.7 -6.1

Construction

6,482 6,355 6,560 6,695 6,426 6,665 6,660 6,645 -15

Construction of buildings

1,410.8 1,415.6 1,440.9 1,460.8 1,413.3 1,465.3 1,470.2 1,463.9 -6.3

Residential building

689.9 689.5 708.9 724.0 690.4 719.6 725.3 724.1 -1.2

Nonresidential building

720.9 726.1 732.0 736.8 722.9 745.7 744.9 739.8 -5.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

954.1 871.5 935.4 960.7 930.7 950.6 945.9 937.7 -8.2

Specialty trade contractors

4,117.0 4,068.1 4,183.2 4,273.7 4,081.9 4,249.0 4,243.6 4,243.4 -0.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,788.6 1,785.8 1,839.0 1,881.1 1,765.5 1,873.6 1,862.7 1,859.5 -3.2

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,328.4 2,282.3 2,344.2 2,392.6 2,316.4 2,375.4 2,380.9 2,383.9 3.0

Manufacturing

12,308 12,230 12,242 12,262 12,324 12,293 12,295 12,285 -10

Durable goods

7,769 7,680 7,689 7,684 7,767 7,703 7,705 7,687 -18

Wood products

378.3 376.9 380.2 383.9 376.6 382.4 382.3 383.0 0.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

400.8 391.9 398.7 404.7 396.4 401.3 399.8 400.4 0.6

Primary metals

394.8 377.5 375.4 375.8 395.0 377.6 377.3 376.7 -0.6

Fabricated metal products

1,465.3 1,428.1 1,429.6 1,427.8 1,466.6 1,433.5 1,432.9 1,430.0 -2.9

Machinery

1,125.6 1,090.5 1,086.1 1,077.6 1,127.3 1,090.3 1,086.6 1,079.3 -7.3

Computer and electronic products

1,051.7 1,040.8 1,040.3 1,040.7 1,053.1 1,042.9 1,043.1 1,042.3 -0.8

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.4 162.8 162.7 162.8 160.8 163.3 163.4 162.8 -0.6

Communications equipment

88.7 84.9 84.8 84.1 88.7 85.0 84.7 84.1 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

368.1 362.5 362.4 365.0 369.1 363.7 364.4 366.3 1.9

Electronic instruments

398.7 395.6 395.4 393.5 398.6 395.7 395.5 393.8 -1.7

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.8 35.0 35.0 35.3 35.8 35.2 35.1 35.3 0.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

383.5 383.6 383.5 381.9 384.1 384.5 384.7 382.7 -2.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,598.7 1,608.4 1,610.6 1,608.7 1,598.5 1,604.4 1,612.5 1,609.3 -3.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

910.2 926.0 929.0 929.3 908.9 923.2 929.8 929.3 -0.5

Furniture and related products

378.2 388.0 387.3 384.4 377.7 388.7 387.4 384.0 -3.4

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

592.0 594.4 596.8 598.7 591.7 597.8 598.5 599.1 0.6

Nondurable goods

4,539 4,550 4,553 4,578 4,557 4,590 4,590 4,598 8

Food manufacturing

1,484.0 1,495.2 1,494.9 1,503.3 1,503.2 1,518.6 1,519.3 1,522.5 3.2

Textile mills

118.3 114.3 114.3 113.7 117.6 114.2 113.8 113.1 -0.7

Textile product mills

116.3 116.5 115.9 117.3 116.7 117.5 117.2 117.6 0.4

Apparel

135.8 133.7 133.0 132.4 136.3 133.8 133.7 133.0 -0.7

Paper and paper products

372.2 370.4 371.1 372.2 372.4 372.5 371.9 372.6 0.7

Printing and related support activities

449.3 444.4 443.9 445.6 448.8 445.4 445.3 445.5 0.2

Petroleum and coal products

114.0 112.7 114.2 116.6 113.0 115.7 115.4 115.7 0.3

Chemicals

807.8 817.6 815.3 817.4 809.2 818.2 817.5 818.5 1.0

Plastics and rubber products

687.9 690.1 690.3 695.6 686.1 691.4 690.3 693.7 3.4

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

253.1 255.5 259.7 264.1 254.0 262.9 265.4 265.3 -0.1

Private service-providing

100,268 101,125 101,946 102,493 99,934 101,975 102,119 102,180 61

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,791 26,965 27,055 27,207 26,861 27,280 27,286 27,286 0

Wholesale trade

5,881.2 5,895.0 5,910.6 5,923.1 5,867.9 5,919.7 5,921.5 5,911.2 -10.3

Durable goods

2,936.1 2,940.3 2,944.3 2,942.8 2,932.2 2,947.3 2,950.0 2,939.1 -10.9

Nondurable goods

2,040.3 2,043.7 2,055.8 2,064.5 2,031.5 2,057.7 2,058.0 2,057.2 -0.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

904.8 911.0 910.5 915.8 904.2 914.7 913.5 914.9 1.4

Retail trade

15,543.0 15,688.7 15,753.5 15,862.3 15,604.7 15,921.7 15,916.6 15,928.0 11.4

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,931.8 1,978.9 1,987.2 1,999.0 1,924.1 1,990.1 1,990.7 1,992.3 1.6

Automobile dealers

1,234.8 1,277.6 1,279.9 1,284.5 1,233.9 1,282.3 1,283.3 1,284.1 0.8

Other motor vehicle dealers

150.2 146.3 150.4 155.1 144.5 150.2 149.7 149.7 0.0

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

546.8 555.0 556.9 559.4 545.8 557.6 557.7 558.4 0.7

Furniture and home furnishings stores

463.7 472.2 471.1 475.8 470.6 478.9 479.1 482.1 3.0

Electronics and appliance stores

507.8 522.9 519.1 516.1 523.3 530.9 531.9 531.8 -0.1

Building material and garden supply stores

1,309.0 1,278.0 1,328.4 1,352.8 1,236.4 1,281.8 1,278.2 1,277.2 -1.0

Food and beverage stores

3,060.4 3,061.6 3,069.8 3,090.2 3,065.0 3,095.1 3,093.8 3,094.6 0.8

Health and personal care stores

1,026.7 1,035.7 1,038.6 1,044.7 1,032.0 1,042.3 1,045.5 1,048.5 3.0

Gasoline stations

905.0 908.8 916.4 922.9 900.0 920.9 921.3 919.9 -1.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,315.6 1,333.8 1,329.0 1,331.8 1,361.7 1,387.7 1,383.8 1,379.7 -4.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

607.2 616.7 610.4 615.0 625.8 633.9 630.1 633.3 3.2

General merchandise stores

3,085.5 3,147.9 3,137.5 3,154.8 3,127.9 3,192.1 3,191.3 3,199.5 8.2

Department stores

1,295.3 1,289.2 1,286.0 1,286.2 1,329.6 1,322.5 1,322.0 1,319.9 -2.1

Other general merchandise stores

1,790.2 1,858.7 1,851.5 1,868.6 1,798.3 1,869.6 1,869.3 1,879.6 10.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

830.5 811.5 825.5 841.7 825.5 836.7 838.6 837.4 -1.2

Nonstore retailers

499.8 520.7 520.5 517.5 512.4 531.3 532.3 531.7 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,809.3 4,818.0 4,829.1 4,858.3 4,831.1 4,874.0 4,884.1 4,883.6 -0.5

Air transportation

454.9 462.5 466.2 469.4 454.1 464.8 467.2 468.4 1.2

Rail transportation

246.9 218.8 218.0 217.3 246.3 219.8 217.6 216.9 -0.7

Water transportation

65.8 60.2 61.5 63.2 65.5 61.9 62.4 62.7 0.3

Truck transportation

1,452.7 1,434.2 1,444.2 1,457.1 1,455.8 1,462.4 1,462.8 1,460.4 -2.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

492.8 490.6 491.9 495.4 477.2 477.2 478.5 479.1 0.6

Pipeline transportation

49.6 48.6 48.9 48.6 49.6 48.8 48.9 48.8 -0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.4 22.4 26.2 31.2 32.0 28.9 29.5 28.8 -0.7

Support activities for transportation

648.2 649.4 649.8 646.5 648.3 652.5 650.1 647.4 -2.7

Couriers and messengers

569.7 593.9 579.9 584.7 598.2 611.1 613.8 614.8 1.0

Warehousing and storage

794.3 837.4 842.5 844.9 804.1 846.6 853.3 856.3 3.0

Utilities

557.7 562.9 562.0 563.0 557.1 564.4 564.2 562.9 -1.3

Information

2,748 2,778 2,788 2,754 2,747 2,782 2,785 2,751 -34

Publishing industries, except Internet

721.3 722.7 723.4 724.0 725.4 725.5 725.8 727.6 1.8

Motion picture and sound recording industries

403.3 421.3 428.2 431.3 394.4 419.3 421.3 421.3 0.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

278.7 280.8 279.6 277.6 279.7 280.6 279.5 278.6 -0.9

Telecommunications

812.1 800.3 802.2 765.5 814.3 801.2 803.7 766.5 -37.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

296.7 297.3 300.5 299.4 295.5 298.2 298.3 298.4 0.1

Other information services

236.3 255.7 254.5 256.3 238.0 256.7 256.4 258.1 1.7

Financial activities

8,084 8,185 8,209 8,243 8,098 8,229 8,247 8,255 8

Finance and insurance

6,005.5 6,105.8 6,109.8 6,120.2 6,021.1 6,117.3 6,131.5 6,134.4 2.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.6 17.8 17.8 17.8 17.7 17.9 18.0 17.9 -0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,563.7 2,584.2 2,588.0 2,591.1 2,570.5 2,590.1 2,597.7 2,595.4 -2.3

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,681.7 1,682.6 1,682.4 1,683.1 1,684.1 1,684.3 1,685.3 1,684.5 -0.8

Commercial banking

1,276.4 1,267.5 1,266.6 1,265.4 1,278.0 1,267.5 1,267.5 1,265.4 -2.1

Nondepository credit intermediation

588.9 601.8 602.6 603.2 591.9 604.4 608.4 605.7 -2.7

Activities related to credit intermediation

293.1 299.8 303.0 304.8 294.4 301.4 304.0 305.1 1.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

897.7 918.3 920.6 923.0 901.0 921.5 924.7 926.7 2.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,526.5 2,585.5 2,583.4 2,588.3 2,531.9 2,587.8 2,591.1 2,594.4 3.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,078.6 2,078.7 2,098.7 2,122.9 2,076.4 2,111.3 2,115.1 2,120.6 5.5

Real estate

1,509.4 1,527.9 1,535.7 1,548.4 1,509.7 1,545.9 1,544.7 1,548.8 4.1

Rental and leasing services

545.4 527.6 539.8 551.1 543.0 541.9 546.9 548.5 1.6

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.8 23.2 23.2 23.4 23.7 23.5 23.5 23.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

19,607 19,829 20,091 20,128 19,585 20,045 20,100 20,110 10

Professional and technical services

8,528.8 8,867.0 8,915.1 8,814.5 8,583.9 8,818.6 8,843.9 8,869.7 25.8

Legal services

1,116.5 1,120.1 1,118.9 1,120.3 1,119.7 1,124.0 1,123.4 1,123.5 0.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

922.2 1,126.0 1,109.4 969.9 970.1 1,011.4 1,013.3 1,018.7 5.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,408.9 1,414.4 1,422.6 1,434.7 1,407.3 1,433.4 1,431.9 1,434.0 2.1

Specialized design services

133.6 137.4 139.9 142.3 132.8 139.0 140.3 141.6 1.3

Computer systems design and related services

1,897.2 1,952.8 1,977.6 1,983.8 1,899.0 1,969.7 1,978.3 1,985.7 7.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,264.8 1,299.3 1,315.3 1,327.0 1,268.0 1,312.0 1,322.1 1,329.3 7.2

Scientific research and development services

654.3 660.9 664.2 669.4 652.7 663.7 665.4 667.8 2.4

Advertising and related services

479.2 488.7 492.9 495.0 480.9 491.7 494.9 496.4 1.5

Other professional and technical services

652.1 667.4 674.3 672.1 653.4 673.8 674.2 672.7 -1.5

Management of companies and enterprises

2,205.0 2,252.2 2,253.3 2,257.8 2,206.3 2,258.9 2,263.3 2,260.0 -3.3

Administrative and waste services

8,873.3 8,710.2 8,922.3 9,055.3 8,795.2 8,967.5 8,992.4 8,980.6 -11.8

Administrative and support services

8,475.6 8,313.5 8,519.1 8,648.7 8,398.3 8,562.8 8,585.3 8,575.0 -10.3

Office administrative services

470.1 483.9 486.1 489.5 469.5 485.9 486.6 488.7 2.1

Facilities support services

141.9 146.6 145.4 144.7 141.0 146.0 144.7 144.0 -0.7

Employment services(1)

3,525.6 3,461.5 3,519.6 3,557.3 3,518.0 3,571.9 3,575.0 3,556.0 -19.0

Temporary help services

2,871.8 2,802.6 2,849.9 2,882.7 2,863.2 2,896.3 2,901.3 2,880.3 -21.0

Business support services

886.4 903.0 904.1 901.4 895.0 904.6 907.5 908.8 1.3

Travel arrangement and reservation services

203.2 202.0 204.0 205.5 201.7 203.3 203.9 204.0 0.1

Investigation and security services

865.3 881.2 886.3 893.4 868.2 887.8 893.7 895.4 1.7

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,077.1 1,917.5 2,051.0 2,138.7 2,000.6 2,045.5 2,052.4 2,061.1 8.7

Other support services

306.0 317.8 322.6 318.2 304.4 317.9 321.5 316.9 -4.6

Waste management and remediation services

397.7 396.7 403.2 406.6 396.9 404.7 407.1 405.6 -1.5

Education and health services

22,038 22,673 22,751 22,719 21,962 22,527 22,573 22,640 67

Educational services

3,494.2 3,676.0 3,708.6 3,590.5 3,450.3 3,514.4 3,528.7 3,540.4 11.7

Health care and social assistance

18,544.1 18,997.0 19,042.8 19,128.6 18,512.0 19,012.8 19,044.6 19,100.0 55.4

Health care(3)

15,004.5 15,384.1 15,426.5 15,489.7 15,015.0 15,420.4 15,456.3 15,502.0 45.7

Ambulatory health care services

6,841.9 7,041.1 7,066.5 7,101.3 6,842.2 7,061.0 7,075.9 7,099.4 23.5

Offices of physicians

2,520.1 2,585.7 2,585.8 2,597.6 2,522.8 2,589.4 2,590.6 2,599.6 9.0

Offices of dentists

904.6 924.5 930.4 935.2 905.8 930.4 933.4 935.9 2.5

Offices of other health practitioners

811.9 839.6 847.3 856.0 810.8 842.5 847.3 852.7 5.4

Outpatient care centers

745.2 765.7 771.1 773.7 744.6 767.2 770.8 772.8 2.0

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

257.7 259.0 258.8 258.3 257.6 258.8 258.8 258.6 -0.2

Home health care services

1,314.5 1,374.1 1,381.2 1,389.8 1,313.2 1,379.6 1,382.5 1,388.1 5.6

Other ambulatory health care services

287.9 292.5 291.9 290.7 287.5 292.9 292.5 291.7 -0.8

Hospitals

4,877.5 5,036.0 5,051.1 5,067.3 4,885.6 5,041.8 5,061.2 5,077.7 16.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,285.1 3,307.0 3,308.9 3,321.1 3,287.2 3,317.6 3,319.2 3,324.9 5.7

Nursing care facilities

1,646.2 1,645.9 1,648.2 1,655.9 1,648.1 1,652.1 1,653.4 1,658.1 4.7

Residential mental health facilities

605.0 612.5 611.6 613.4 606.0 613.9 613.8 614.5 0.7

Community care facilities for the elderly

872.0 886.7 886.9 889.3 870.8 888.7 889.3 889.4 0.1

Other residential care facilities

161.9 161.9 162.2 162.5 162.3 162.9 162.7 162.9 0.2

Social assistance

3,539.6 3,612.9 3,616.3 3,638.9 3,497.0 3,592.4 3,588.3 3,598.0 9.7

Individual and family services

2,149.2 2,204.1 2,204.4 2,220.4 2,130.1 2,200.1 2,196.2 2,203.9 7.7

Emergency and other relief services

154.4 158.1 156.3 157.3 154.2 158.3 156.6 157.2 0.6

Vocational rehabilitation services

337.3 333.0 336.0 337.0 337.9 336.7 338.2 336.8 -1.4

Child day care services

898.7 917.7 919.6 924.2 874.8 897.2 897.3 900.1 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

15,348 15,041 15,367 15,728 15,059 15,431 15,442 15,453 11

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,262.6 2,066.7 2,179.0 2,308.0 2,166.7 2,222.9 2,227.7 2,217.3 -10.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

485.4 454.4 490.6 493.5 457.5 471.7 477.4 467.2 -10.2

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

156.9 145.8 152.9 164.0 152.2 154.0 155.1 158.5 3.4

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,620.3 1,466.5 1,535.5 1,650.5 1,557.0 1,597.2 1,595.2 1,591.6 -3.6

Accommodation and food services

13,085.4 12,973.8 13,187.6 13,420.0 12,892.5 13,207.7 13,214.6 13,235.3 20.7

Accommodation

1,922.6 1,861.5 1,877.3 1,921.8 1,917.1 1,923.5 1,921.2 1,919.7 -1.5

Food services and drinking places

11,162.8 11,112.3 11,310.3 11,498.2 10,975.4 11,284.2 11,293.4 11,315.6 22.2

Other services

5,652 5,654 5,685 5,714 5,622 5,681 5,686 5,685 -1

Repair and maintenance

1,283.9 1,289.7 1,295.7 1,302.0 1,272.6 1,291.6 1,291.8 1,291.6 -0.2

Personal and laundry services

1,415.6 1,415.1 1,431.4 1,441.8 1,401.5 1,424.3 1,428.3 1,427.7 -0.6

Membership associations and organizations

2,952.2 2,948.8 2,957.7 2,970.2 2,947.9 2,964.8 2,966.0 2,965.5 -0.5

Government

22,354 22,482 22,501 22,455 21,988 22,083 22,076 22,089 13

Federal

2,750.0 2,758.0 2,768.0 2,781.0 2,752.0 2,771.0 2,767.0 2,779.0 12.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,157.4 2,153.9 2,165.9 2,173.9 2,156.9 2,166.7 2,169.6 2,172.5 2.9

U.S. Postal Service

592.2 604.5 602.0 607.1 595.0 604.3 597.2 606.9 9.7

State government

5,121.0 5,269.0 5,275.0 5,124.0 5,096.0 5,111.0 5,110.0 5,103.0 -7.0

State government education

2,438.7 2,601.4 2,602.8 2,448.7 2,421.0 2,437.3 2,436.4 2,435.1 -1.3

State government, excluding education

2,682.6 2,667.9 2,672.3 2,674.8 2,674.9 2,673.6 2,673.5 2,667.9 -5.6

Local government

14,483.0 14,455.0 14,458.0 14,550.0 14,140.0 14,201.0 14,199.0 14,207.0 8.0

Local government education

8,170.8 8,173.3 8,146.3 8,159.3 7,825.8 7,818.5 7,810.4 7,815.1 4.7

Local government, excluding education

6,312.2 6,281.5 6,311.5 6,390.8 6,313.7 6,382.7 6,389.0 6,391.6 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.3 40.1 40.3 40.3

Mining and logging

43.6 42.7 43.4 44.2

Construction

39.0 38.7 39.1 39.1

Manufacturing

40.7 40.6 40.7 40.8

Durable goods

41.1 41.1 41.2 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.1 39.8 40.0 40.1

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.3 34.4 34.3

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.8 38.9 38.8

Retail trade

31.4 31.0 31.1 31.0

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.9 38.8 38.9

Utilities

42.3 42.0 42.4 42.0

Information

36.3 36.0 36.0 36.0

Financial activities

37.6 37.6 37.6 37.5

Professional and business services

36.2 36.0 36.1 36.1

Education and health services

32.8 32.9 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.3 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.8 31.8 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.3 3.3 3.2 3.2

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

Total private

$24.97 $25.45 $25.54 $25.59 $861.47 $875.48 $878.58 $880.30

Goods-producing

26.12 26.66 26.81 26.91 1,052.64 1,069.07 1,080.44 1,084.47

Mining and logging

31.01 31.79 32.05 32.27 1,352.04 1,357.43 1,390.97 1,426.33

Construction

27.34 27.85 27.93 28.04 1,066.26 1,077.80 1,092.06 1,096.36

Manufacturing

25.16 25.74 25.91 25.99 1,024.01 1,045.04 1,054.54 1,060.39

Durable goods

26.52 27.05 27.21 27.27 1,089.97 1,111.76 1,121.05 1,123.52

Nondurable goods

22.79 23.47 23.67 23.79 913.88 934.11 946.80 953.98

Private service-providing

24.70 25.17 25.24 25.29 824.98 838.16 840.49 842.16

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.79 22.19 22.23 22.25 753.93 761.12 764.71 763.18

Wholesale trade

28.72 29.30 29.41 29.48 1,117.21 1,136.84 1,144.05 1,143.82

Retail trade

17.41 17.80 17.79 17.84 546.67 551.80 553.27 553.04

Transportation and warehousing

22.88 23.06 23.09 23.03 890.03 897.03 895.89 895.87

Utilities

36.94 37.91 38.15 38.01 1,562.56 1,592.22 1,617.56 1,596.42

Information

34.86 36.07 36.24 36.59 1,265.42 1,298.52 1,304.64 1,317.24

Financial activities

31.52 32.14 32.18 32.18 1,185.15 1,208.46 1,209.97 1,206.75

Professional and business services

30.02 30.56 30.66 30.72 1,086.72 1,100.16 1,106.83 1,108.99

Education and health services

25.22 25.57 25.66 25.71 827.22 841.25 841.65 843.29

Leisure and hospitality

14.31 14.70 14.77 14.81 376.35 383.67 385.50 386.54

Other services

22.43 22.75 22.79 22.84 713.27 723.45 727.00 728.60

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2016 - May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2016 - May
2016(p)

Total private

103.5 105.0 105.1 105.2 0.1 123.5 127.8 128.4 128.6 0.2

Goods-producing

89.9 89.9 90.3 90.1 -0.2 106.1 108.3 109.4 109.6 0.2

Mining and logging

112.9 96.2 96.3 96.5 0.2 140.6 122.8 123.9 125.1 1.0

Construction

86.4 88.9 89.8 89.6 -0.2 102.6 107.6 108.9 109.1 0.2

Manufacturing

90.2 89.8 90.0 90.2 0.2 105.6 107.5 108.5 109.0 0.5

Durable goods

89.9 89.1 89.4 89.2 -0.2 105.9 107.1 108.0 108.0 0.0

Nondurable goods

91.2 91.2 91.6 92.0 0.4 105.5 108.6 110.0 111.1 1.0

Private service-providing

107.4 109.2 109.4 109.5 0.1 128.9 133.6 134.2 134.5 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.1 101.8 102.1 101.8 -0.3 118.5 121.5 122.1 121.9 -0.2

Wholesale trade

99.6 100.2 100.5 100.1 -0.4 119.4 122.5 123.4 123.1 -0.2

Retail trade

99.5 100.3 100.6 100.3 -0.3 114.6 118.0 118.3 118.3 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

107.6 108.5 108.5 108.7 0.2 124.9 127.0 127.1 127.1 0.0

Utilities

102.0 102.6 103.5 102.3 -1.2 124.4 128.5 130.5 128.5 -1.5

Information

91.1 91.5 91.6 90.4 -1.3 113.0 117.5 118.2 117.8 -0.3

Financial activities

99.7 101.3 101.6 101.4 -0.2 122.6 127.0 127.5 127.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

111.5 113.5 114.1 114.2 0.1 135.6 140.5 141.8 142.1 0.2

Education and health services

117.6 121.0 120.9 121.3 0.3 142.6 148.8 149.2 149.9 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

113.0 114.9 115.0 115.1 0.1 130.5 136.3 137.0 137.5 0.4

Other services

103.1 104.2 104.6 104.6 0.0 126.7 129.9 130.6 130.9 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

69,803 71,135 71,208 71,293 49.3 49.5 49.5 49.5

Total private

57,225 58,486 58,564 58,645 47.9 48.1 48.1 48.1

Goods-producing

4,278 4,294 4,294 4,291 21.9 21.8 21.8 21.9

Mining and logging

114 104 102 102 13.8 14.5 14.4 14.7

Construction

811 830 831 829 12.6 12.5 12.5 12.5

Manufacturing

3,353 3,360 3,361 3,360 27.2 27.3 27.3 27.4

Durable goods

1,804 1,799 1,800 1,799 23.2 23.4 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,549 1,561 1,561 1,561 34.0 34.0 34.0 33.9

Private service-providing

52,947 54,192 54,270 54,354 53.0 53.1 53.1 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,870 11,078 11,088 11,086 40.5 40.6 40.6 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,730.7 1,745.8 1,748.9 1,747.9 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.6

Retail trade

7,864.5 8,034.1 8,035.9 8,029.7 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,141.3 1,163.6 1,169.8 1,175.5 23.6 23.9 24.0 24.1

Utilities

133.7 134.2 133.3 132.7 24.0 23.8 23.6 23.6

Information

1,099 1,110 1,108 1,100 40.0 39.9 39.8 40.0

Financial activities

4,624 4,701 4,704 4,710 57.1 57.1 57.0 57.1

Professional and business services

8,708 8,986 9,017 9,033 44.5 44.8 44.9 44.9

Education and health services

16,898 17,358 17,378 17,440 76.9 77.1 77.0 77.0

Leisure and hospitality

7,815 7,989 8,000 8,010 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.8

Other services

2,933 2,970 2,975 2,975 52.2 52.3 52.3 52.3

Government

12,578 12,649 12,644 12,648 57.2 57.3 57.3 57.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

Total private

98,540 100,184 100,248 100,247

Goods-producing

14,117 14,174 14,157 14,122

Mining and logging

605 511 500 489

Construction

4,836 5,019 5,027 5,020

Manufacturing

8,676 8,644 8,630 8,613

Durable goods

5,356 5,307 5,300 5,283

Nondurable goods

3,320 3,337 3,330 3,330

Private service-providing

84,423 86,010 86,091 86,125

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,608 22,940 22,922 22,907

Wholesale trade

4,709.2 4,735.8 4,733.6 4,723.1

Retail trade

13,274.3 13,535.6 13,516.6 13,515.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,176.1 4,216.5 4,220.1 4,217.6

Utilities

448.3 451.7 451.8 450.4

Information

2,221 2,247 2,247 2,209

Financial activities

6,247 6,375 6,387 6,396

Professional and business services

16,108 16,412 16,441 16,445

Education and health services

19,271 19,753 19,790 19,854

Leisure and hospitality

13,288 13,571 13,588 13,601

Other services

4,680 4,712 4,716 4,713

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.1 40.9 41.2 41.1

Mining and logging

45.6 44.3 45.2 46.2

Construction

39.3 39.2 39.7 39.5

Manufacturing

41.8 41.7 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.1 42.1 42.2 42.2

Nondurable goods

41.3 41.1 41.1 41.2

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.5 33.5 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.5 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.1 29.7 29.8 29.7

Transportation and warehousing

38.7 38.9 38.9 38.9

Utilities

42.4 42.1 42.2 42.0

Information

35.8 35.4 35.5 35.5

Financial activities

37.1 37.0 37.1 36.9

Professional and business services

35.3 35.5 35.5 35.5

Education and health services

32.0 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 24.9 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.9 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)

Total private

$20.99 $21.40 $21.46 $21.49 $705.26 $719.04 $721.06 $722.06

Goods-producing

21.92 22.37 22.46 22.51 900.91 914.93 925.35 925.16

Mining and logging

26.44 26.84 27.08 27.13 1,205.66 1,189.01 1,224.02 1,253.41

Construction

25.19 25.68 25.66 25.80 989.97 1,006.66 1,018.70 1,019.10

Manufacturing

19.86 20.29 20.40 20.41 830.15 846.09 852.72 853.14

Durable goods

20.94 21.34 21.46 21.45 881.57 898.41 905.61 905.19

Nondurable goods

18.08 18.57 18.67 18.72 746.70 763.23 767.34 771.26

Private service-providing

20.79 21.20 21.26 21.27 673.60 686.88 688.82 689.15

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.62 18.93 18.95 18.95 627.49 634.16 634.83 634.83

Wholesale trade

23.67 24.06 24.11 24.21 911.30 926.31 930.65 932.09

Retail trade

14.74 15.04 15.04 15.05 443.67 446.69 448.19 446.99

Transportation and warehousing

20.73 20.93 20.92 20.83 802.25 814.18 813.79 810.29

Utilities

33.94 34.62 35.12 34.88 1,439.06 1,457.50 1,482.06 1,464.96

Information

29.00 29.67 29.80 29.86 1,038.20 1,050.32 1,057.90 1,060.03

Financial activities

25.25 26.01 26.18 26.13 936.78 962.37 971.28 964.20

Professional and business services

24.74 25.19 25.27 25.34 873.32 894.25 897.09 899.57

Education and health services

22.06 22.39 22.44 22.44 705.92 720.96 722.57 722.57

Leisure and hospitality

12.39 12.74 12.77 12.82 309.75 317.23 317.97 319.22

Other services

18.97 19.16 19.18 19.22 582.38 588.21 592.66 591.98

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2016 - May
2016(p)
May
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016(p)
May
2016(p)
Percent change from:
Apr.
2016 - May
2016(p)

Total private

110.3 112.2 112.2 112.2 0.0 154.7 160.4 160.9 161.2 0.2

Goods-producing

88.7 88.6 89.1 88.7 -0.4 119.0 121.3 122.6 122.3 -0.2

Mining and logging

146.6 120.3 120.1 120.1 0.0 225.4 187.8 189.1 189.4 0.2

Construction

95.2 98.5 99.9 99.3 -0.6 129.4 136.6 138.5 138.3 -0.1

Manufacturing

83.3 82.7 82.8 82.6 -0.2 108.1 109.8 110.5 110.3 -0.2

Durable goods

84.7 84.0 84.0 83.8 -0.2 110.8 111.8 112.6 112.2 -0.4

Nondurable goods

80.8 80.8 80.6 80.8 0.2 103.2 106.0 106.4 106.9 0.5

Private service-providing

116.5 118.7 118.8 118.8 0.0 166.1 172.5 173.2 173.3 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.2 107.1 107.0 107.0 0.0 141.1 144.7 144.7 144.6 -0.1

Wholesale trade

106.8 107.4 107.6 107.1 -0.5 148.9 152.2 152.8 152.7 -0.1

Retail trade

101.1 101.8 102.0 101.6 -0.4 127.8 131.2 131.4 131.1 -0.2

Transportation and warehousing

121.7 123.5 123.6 123.5 -0.1 160.0 163.9 164.0 163.2 -0.5

Utilities

97.2 97.3 97.5 96.7 -0.8 137.7 140.5 142.9 140.8 -1.5

Information

90.8 90.8 91.0 89.5 -1.6 130.3 133.4 134.3 132.3 -1.5

Financial activities

109.1 111.0 111.6 111.1 -0.4 169.5 177.7 179.7 178.6 -0.6

Professional and business services

127.4 130.6 130.8 130.8 0.0 187.6 195.7 196.7 197.3 0.3

Education and health services

131.4 135.6 135.8 136.3 0.4 191.4 200.4 201.2 201.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

121.7 123.8 123.9 124.1 0.2 171.2 179.1 179.7 180.6 0.5

Other services

100.8 101.5 102.2 101.8 -0.4 139.3 141.6 142.8 142.6 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: June 03, 2016