Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until              USDL-16-1409
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 8, 2016

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                       THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2016


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 287,000 in June, and the unemployment 
rate rose to 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job 
growth occurred in leisure and hospitality, health care and social assistance, and 
financial activities. Employment also increased in information, mostly reflecting 
the return of workers from a strike.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage point to 4.9 percent in June, and 
the number of unemployed persons increased by 347,000 to 7.8 million. These increases 
largely offset declines in May and brought both measures back in line with levels 
that had prevailed from August 2015 to April. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (4.5 percent)
and Whites (4.4 percent) rose in June. The rates for adult men (4.5 percent), 
teenagers (16.0 percent), Blacks (8.6 percent), Asians (3.5 percent), and Hispanics 
(5.8 percent) showed little or no change. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks increased by 211,000 in June, 
following a decrease in the prior month. At 2.0 million, the number of long-term 
unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) changed little in June and accounted 
for 25.8 percent of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

In June, the number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs rose by 
203,000 to 3.8 million, after a decline in May. (See table A-11.)

Both the labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population 
ratio, at 59.6 percent, changed little in June. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to 
as involuntary part-time workers) decreased by 587,000 to 5.8 million in June, 
offsetting an increase in May. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time 
employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because 
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 1.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, about 
unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had 
looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed 
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See 
table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 502,000 discouraged workers in June, down 
by 151,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged 
workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are 
available for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the 
labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance 
or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 287,000 in June, after changing little 
in May (+11,000). In June, job growth occurred in leisure and hospitality, health 
care and social assistance, and financial activities. Employment also rose in 
information, largely reflecting the return of workers from a strike. (See table B-1.)

Leisure and hospitality added 59,000 jobs in June, following little employment change 
in the prior month. In June, employment increased in performing arts and spectator 
sports (+14,000), after edging down in May. Employment in food services and drinking 
places changed little over the month (+22,000). Job gains in leisure and hospitality 
have averaged 27,000 per month thus far this year, down from an average of 37,000 in 
2015, reflecting slower job growth in food services and drinking places. 

Health care and social assistance added 58,000 jobs in June. Health care employment 
increased by 39,000 over the month. Job gains occurred in ambulatory health care 
services (+19,000) and hospitals (+15,000), about in line with average monthly gains 
over the prior 12 months in each industry. Within social assistance, child day care 
services added 15,000 jobs in June.

Employment in financial activities rose by 16,000 in June and has risen by 163,000 
over the year.

Employment in information increased by 44,000 in June. Employment rose in telecommuni-
cations (+28,000), largely reflecting the return of workers from a strike. Employment 
increased in motion picture and sound recording industries (+11,000), after a decrease 
of similar magnitude in May. 

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in June (+38,000).
Thus far this year, the industry has added an average of 30,000 jobs per month, compared 
with an average monthly gain of 52,000 in 2015. 

Employment in retail trade edged up by 30,000 in June, after changing little over 
the prior 2 months. In June, job gains occurred in general merchandise stores (+9,000) 
and in health and personal care stores (+5,000). Retail trade has added 313,000 jobs 
over the year.

Employment in mining continued to trend down in June (-6,000). Since reaching a peak 
in September 2014, mining has lost 211,000 jobs.

Employment in other major industries, including construction, manufacturing, wholesale 
trade, transportation and warehousing, and government, showed little or no change in 
June.

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.4 
hours for the fifth consecutive month. The manufacturing workweek (40.7 hours) and 
manufacturing overtime (3.3 hours) were also unchanged over the month. The average 
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 
unchanged at 33.6 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged 
up (+2 cents) to $25.61, following a 6-cent increase in May. Over the year, average 
hourly earnings have risen by 2.6 percent. Average hourly earnings of private-sector 
production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to $21.51 in June. (See 
tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +123,000 
to +144,000, and the change for May was revised from +38,000 to +11,000. With these 
revisions, employment gains in April and May combined were 6,000 less, on net, than 
previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have averaged 147,000 per month.

____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 5, 
2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
Change from:
May
2016-
June
2016

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

250,663 252,969 253,174 253,397 223

Civilian labor force

156,984 158,924 158,466 158,880 414

Participation rate

62.6 62.8 62.6 62.7 0.1

Employed

148,722 151,004 151,030 151,097 67

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.7 59.7 59.6 -0.1

Unemployed

8,262 7,920 7,436 7,783 347

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.0 4.7 4.9 0.2

Not in labor force

93,679 94,044 94,708 94,517 -191

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.3 5.0 4.7 4.9 0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

4.8 4.6 4.3 4.5 0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

4.7 4.5 4.2 4.5 0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

17.9 16.0 16.0 16.0 0.0

White

4.6 4.3 4.1 4.4 0.3

Black or African American

9.5 8.8 8.2 8.6 0.4

Asian

3.8 3.8 4.1 3.5 -0.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.6 6.1 5.6 5.8 0.2

Total, 25 years and over

4.2 4.1 3.8 4.0 0.2

Less than a high school diploma

8.1 7.5 7.1 7.5 0.4

High school graduates, no college

5.4 5.4 5.1 5.0 -0.1

Some college or associate degree

4.2 4.1 3.9 4.2 0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,060 3,855 3,573 3,776 203

Job leavers

767 851 796 828 32

Reentrants

2,488 2,357 2,209 2,268 59

New entrants

931 839 865 902 37

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,347 2,545 2,207 2,418 211

5 to 14 weeks

2,350 2,131 2,239 2,140 -99

15 to 26 weeks

1,385 1,304 1,173 1,129 -44

27 weeks and over

2,128 2,063 1,885 1,979 94

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,465 5,962 6,430 5,843 -587

Slack work or business conditions

3,880 3,709 3,890 3,443 -447

Could only find part-time work

2,204 2,009 2,086 2,062 -24

Part time for noneconomic reasons

20,455 20,469 20,606 20,505 -101

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

1,914 1,715 1,713 1,779 -

Discouraged workers

653 568 538 502 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

228 144 11 287

Total private

226 147 -6 265

Goods-producing

-3 -12 -41 9

Mining and logging

-4 -11 -9 -5

Construction

0 -6 -16 0

Manufacturing

1 5 -16 14

Durable goods(1)

-2 3 -20 3

Motor vehicles and parts

-0.2 4.6 -1.6 -0.1

Nondurable goods

3 2 4 11

Private service-providing

229 159 35 256

Wholesale trade

2.3 6.0 -4.4 3.6

Retail trade

34.9 -2.2 3.0 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

10.6 11.9 3.6 -9.4

Utilities

0.1 0.0 -2.1 2.9

Information

4 0 -39 44

Financial activities

19 21 14 16

Professional and business services(1)

76 57 18 38

Temporary help services

21.6 9.8 -19.0 15.2

Education and health services(1)

55 47 52 59

Health care and social assistance

52.7 33.8 47.6 58.4

Leisure and hospitality

30 15 -3 59

Other services

-3 3 -7 13

Government

2 -3 17 22

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

251 188 114 147

Total private

241 179 103 135

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.5 49.6 49.6

Total private women employees

47.9 48.1 48.2 48.2

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.3 82.3 82.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$24.96 $25.53 $25.59 $25.61

Average weekly earnings

$861.12 $878.23 $880.30 $880.98

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

103.7 105.2 105.2 105.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

123.7 128.3 128.6 129.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (262 industries)

57.8 54.0 48.1 62.4

Manufacturing (79 industries)

51.9 44.9 39.9 55.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 146,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 623,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment's principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 115,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-65,000 to +165,000 (50,000 +/- 115,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

250,663 253,174 253,397 250,663 252,577 252,768 252,969 253,174 253,397

Civilian labor force

158,283 158,800 160,135 156,984 158,890 159,286 158,924 158,466 158,880

Participation rate

63.1 62.7 63.2 62.6 62.9 63.0 62.8 62.6 62.7

Employed

149,645 151,594 151,990 148,722 151,074 151,320 151,004 151,030 151,097

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.9 60.0 59.3 59.8 59.9 59.7 59.7 59.6

Unemployed

8,638 7,207 8,144 8,262 7,815 7,966 7,920 7,436 7,783

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.5 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

Not in labor force

92,380 94,374 93,262 93,679 93,688 93,482 94,044 94,708 94,517

Persons who currently want a job

6,561 6,449 6,101 6,057 5,870 5,712 5,793 5,923 5,692

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,032 122,316 122,427 121,032 122,017 122,112 122,213 122,316 122,427

Civilian labor force

84,461 84,524 85,790 83,460 84,673 84,765 84,641 84,332 84,766

Participation rate

69.8 69.1 70.1 69.0 69.4 69.4 69.3 68.9 69.2

Employed

79,902 80,673 81,514 79,006 80,491 80,543 80,419 80,369 80,596

Employment-population ratio

66.0 66.0 66.6 65.3 66.0 66.0 65.8 65.7 65.8

Unemployed

4,560 3,851 4,275 4,455 4,181 4,222 4,222 3,963 4,169

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.6 5.0 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

Not in labor force

36,571 37,792 36,638 37,572 37,344 37,347 37,572 37,984 37,662

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,605 113,844 113,951 112,605 113,566 113,653 113,746 113,844 113,951

Civilian labor force

81,074 81,637 82,209 80,651 81,667 81,815 81,748 81,407 81,788

Participation rate

72.0 71.7 72.1 71.6 71.9 72.0 71.9 71.5 71.8

Employed

77,315 78,241 78,673 76,762 77,991 78,096 77,999 77,917 78,127

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.7 69.0 68.2 68.7 68.7 68.6 68.4 68.6

Unemployed

3,759 3,396 3,536 3,890 3,677 3,719 3,749 3,490 3,661

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.5

Not in labor force

31,532 32,208 31,742 31,954 31,898 31,838 31,998 32,437 32,163

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

129,631 130,858 130,969 129,631 130,561 130,656 130,756 130,858 130,969

Civilian labor force

73,822 74,276 74,345 73,524 74,217 74,520 74,284 74,134 74,115

Participation rate

56.9 56.8 56.8 56.7 56.8 57.0 56.8 56.7 56.6

Employed

69,744 70,921 70,476 69,716 70,583 70,777 70,586 70,661 70,501

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.2 53.8 53.8 54.1 54.2 54.0 54.0 53.8

Unemployed

4,078 3,356 3,869 3,808 3,634 3,743 3,698 3,473 3,614

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.5 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

Not in labor force

55,809 56,582 56,625 56,108 56,344 56,135 56,472 56,725 56,855

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,445 122,622 122,728 121,445 122,345 122,433 122,524 122,622 122,728

Civilian labor force

70,436 71,366 71,057 70,657 71,313 71,610 71,302 71,218 71,303

Participation rate

58.0 58.2 57.9 58.2 58.3 58.5 58.2 58.1 58.1

Employed

67,003 68,496 67,769 67,302 68,094 68,293 68,072 68,209 68,107

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.9 55.2 55.4 55.7 55.8 55.6 55.6 55.5

Unemployed

3,433 2,870 3,288 3,355 3,219 3,317 3,230 3,009 3,196

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.0 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.5

Not in labor force

51,009 51,256 51,671 50,789 51,032 50,823 51,223 51,404 51,425

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,613 16,708 16,718 16,613 16,666 16,682 16,699 16,708 16,718

Civilian labor force

6,773 5,797 6,868 5,676 5,909 5,860 5,875 5,841 5,789

Participation rate

40.8 34.7 41.1 34.2 35.5 35.1 35.2 35.0 34.6

Employed

5,327 4,857 5,548 4,659 4,990 4,931 4,934 4,904 4,864

Employment-population ratio

32.1 29.1 33.2 28.0 29.9 29.6 29.5 29.4 29.1

Unemployed

1,446 940 1,320 1,018 920 929 941 937 926

Unemployment rate

21.4 16.2 19.2 17.9 15.6 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.0

Not in labor force

9,840 10,911 9,849 10,937 10,757 10,822 10,824 10,867 10,928

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

196,786 198,013 198,132 196,786 197,718 197,809 197,906 198,013 198,132

Civilian labor force

124,526 124,590 125,448 123,595 124,748 125,018 124,749 124,299 124,551

Participation rate

63.3 62.9 63.3 62.8 63.1 63.2 63.0 62.8 62.9

Employed

118,598 119,686 119,783 117,905 119,442 119,674 119,369 119,222 119,133

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.4 60.5 59.9 60.4 60.5 60.3 60.2 60.1

Unemployed

5,928 4,904 5,665 5,690 5,306 5,345 5,380 5,077 5,418

Unemployment rate

4.8 3.9 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 4.4

Not in labor force

72,260 73,423 72,684 73,191 72,970 72,791 73,157 73,714 73,581

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,013 65,104 65,419 64,696 65,304 65,296 65,178 64,932 65,112

Participation rate

72.4 72.0 72.3 72.0 72.3 72.3 72.1 71.8 71.9

Employed

62,419 62,777 62,925 62,000 62,787 62,739 62,600 62,498 62,526

Employment-population ratio

69.5 69.4 69.5 69.0 69.5 69.4 69.2 69.1 69.1

Unemployed

2,594 2,327 2,494 2,696 2,517 2,557 2,578 2,434 2,586

Unemployment rate

4.0 3.6 3.8 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.7 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,162 54,925 54,622 54,396 54,803 55,142 54,984 54,754 54,869

Participation rate

57.2 57.7 57.3 57.5 57.6 58.0 57.8 57.5 57.6

Employed

51,801 53,017 52,353 52,106 52,659 52,992 52,798 52,775 52,682

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.7 55.0 55.1 55.4 55.7 55.5 55.4 55.3

Unemployed

2,361 1,908 2,269 2,289 2,144 2,149 2,185 1,979 2,187

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.5 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.6 4.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,350 4,560 5,407 4,504 4,641 4,580 4,587 4,612 4,570

Participation rate

43.4 36.9 43.8 36.6 37.7 37.1 37.2 37.4 37.0

Employed

4,378 3,892 4,505 3,799 3,995 3,942 3,970 3,949 3,925

Employment-population ratio

35.5 31.5 36.5 30.8 32.4 32.0 32.2 32.0 31.8

Unemployed

972 668 902 705 645 638 617 664 645

Unemployment rate

18.2 14.7 16.7 15.6 13.9 13.9 13.4 14.4 14.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,362 31,828 31,866 31,362 31,716 31,753 31,792 31,828 31,866

Civilian labor force

19,541 19,424 19,707 19,337 19,569 19,513 19,413 19,410 19,532

Participation rate

62.3 61.0 61.8 61.7 61.7 61.5 61.1 61.0 61.3

Employed

17,630 17,865 17,974 17,505 17,851 17,759 17,700 17,822 17,854

Employment-population ratio

56.2 56.1 56.4 55.8 56.3 55.9 55.7 56.0 56.0

Unemployed

1,911 1,559 1,733 1,831 1,718 1,754 1,713 1,588 1,678

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.0 8.8 9.5 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.2 8.6

Not in labor force

11,821 12,403 12,159 12,026 12,147 12,240 12,379 12,417 12,334

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,870 8,926 9,089 8,791 8,910 8,881 9,013 8,889 9,000

Participation rate

68.1 67.4 68.5 67.5 67.5 67.2 68.1 67.1 67.8

Employed

8,058 8,248 8,370 7,962 8,146 8,112 8,155 8,218 8,262

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.3 63.1 61.1 61.7 61.4 61.6 62.0 62.3

Unemployed

812 677 719 829 764 768 858 671 738

Unemployment rate

9.2 7.6 7.9 9.4 8.6 8.7 9.5 7.6 8.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,829 9,773 9,775 9,830 9,938 9,868 9,667 9,801 9,799

Participation rate

62.0 60.8 60.8 62.0 62.0 61.5 60.2 61.0 60.9

Employed

9,054 9,089 9,082 9,055 9,152 9,076 9,003 9,079 9,088

Employment-population ratio

57.1 56.6 56.4 57.1 57.1 56.6 56.1 56.5 56.5

Unemployed

775 684 693 775 786 792 665 722 711

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.0 7.1 7.9 7.9 8.0 6.9 7.4 7.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

842 726 843 716 720 764 732 720 733

Participation rate

33.8 28.9 33.6 28.7 28.8 30.5 29.2 28.7 29.2

Employed

518 528 522 489 552 571 542 525 504

Employment-population ratio

20.8 21.0 20.8 19.6 22.1 22.8 21.6 20.9 20.1

Unemployed

324 198 321 227 168 193 190 195 228

Unemployment rate

38.5 27.3 38.1 31.7 23.3 25.3 26.0 27.1 31.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,430 14,938 15,032 14,430 14,974 14,911 14,853 14,938 15,032

Civilian labor force

9,128 9,422 9,584 9,067 9,426 9,411 9,448 9,413 9,504

Participation rate

63.3 63.1 63.8 62.8 62.9 63.1 63.6 63.0 63.2

Employed

8,754 9,055 9,226 8,721 9,070 9,038 9,090 9,027 9,172

Employment-population ratio

60.7 60.6 61.4 60.4 60.6 60.6 61.2 60.4 61.0

Unemployed

374 367 358 346 355 373 357 386 332

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.1 3.5

Not in labor force

5,303 5,516 5,448 5,364 5,548 5,500 5,406 5,525 5,529

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

39,566 40,558 40,646 39,566 40,302 40,386 40,474 40,558 40,646

Civilian labor force

26,309 26,535 26,853 26,121 26,642 26,782 26,595 26,510 26,675

Participation rate

66.5 65.4 66.1 66.0 66.1 66.3 65.7 65.4 65.6

Employed

24,520 25,163 25,251 24,393 25,193 25,289 24,960 25,032 25,136

Employment-population ratio

62.0 62.0 62.1 61.7 62.5 62.6 61.7 61.7 61.8

Unemployed

1,789 1,372 1,602 1,728 1,449 1,493 1,636 1,478 1,539

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.2 6.0 6.6 5.4 5.6 6.1 5.6 5.8

Not in labor force

13,257 14,023 13,793 13,444 13,660 13,604 13,878 14,048 13,971

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,438 14,616 14,783 14,397 14,705 14,799 14,685 14,598 14,751

Participation rate

80.9 79.9 80.7 80.7 80.9 81.3 80.5 79.8 80.5

Employed

13,600 14,016 14,145 13,549 14,018 14,085 13,949 13,956 14,095

Employment-population ratio

76.3 76.7 77.2 76.0 77.2 77.4 76.5 76.3 76.9

Unemployed

838 600 638 848 688 714 736 642 656

Unemployment rate

5.8 4.1 4.3 5.9 4.7 4.8 5.0 4.4 4.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,565 10,696 10,762 10,548 10,742 10,814 10,744 10,667 10,750

Participation rate

58.6 57.8 58.0 58.5 58.4 58.7 58.2 57.6 58.0

Employed

9,933 10,134 10,079 9,910 10,167 10,218 10,041 10,058 10,067

Employment-population ratio

55.1 54.8 54.3 55.0 55.3 55.5 54.4 54.3 54.3

Unemployed

632 562 684 638 576 596 703 609 683

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.3 6.4 6.1 5.4 5.5 6.5 5.7 6.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,306 1,223 1,307 1,177 1,194 1,168 1,166 1,244 1,175

Participation rate

35.3 32.5 34.6 31.8 31.9 31.1 31.0 33.0 31.1

Employed

987 1,014 1,027 935 1,008 986 969 1,017 974

Employment-population ratio

26.7 26.9 27.2 25.3 26.9 26.3 25.8 27.0 25.8

Unemployed

319 209 280 242 186 182 196 227 201

Unemployment rate

24.4 17.1 21.4 20.6 15.6 15.6 16.8 18.3 17.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,209 10,786 10,684 10,989 10,648 10,777 10,777 10,464 10,522

Participation rate

45.2 45.9 45.9 44.3 46.2 46.2 46.1 44.5 45.2

Employed

10,388 10,064 9,954 10,097 9,871 9,978 9,966 9,720 9,734

Employment-population ratio

41.9 42.8 42.8 40.7 42.8 42.8 42.7 41.3 41.9

Unemployed

821 722 730 892 777 799 812 744 787

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.7 6.8 8.1 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.1 7.5

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

34,925 35,688 35,068 34,995 35,626 35,615 35,501 35,536 35,260

Participation rate

56.9 57.4 56.9 57.0 57.5 57.4 57.2 57.1 57.2

Employed

33,136 33,993 33,393 33,110 33,747 33,688 33,567 33,728 33,480

Employment-population ratio

54.0 54.7 54.2 54.0 54.5 54.3 54.1 54.2 54.3

Unemployed

1,789 1,695 1,675 1,885 1,878 1,927 1,934 1,808 1,780

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.8 4.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.0

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,719 37,776 37,883 37,609 38,106 37,958 37,757 37,829 37,804

Participation rate

66.9 66.1 66.1 66.7 66.7 66.3 65.9 66.2 66.0

Employed

36,162 36,416 36,349 36,016 36,496 36,396 36,204 36,364 36,231

Employment-population ratio

64.1 63.7 63.4 63.9 63.9 63.6 63.2 63.7 63.2

Unemployed

1,556 1,361 1,534 1,593 1,610 1,562 1,553 1,465 1,573

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.6 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 4.2

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

51,505 53,448 53,744 51,903 53,112 53,447 53,316 53,398 54,102

Participation rate

74.1 74.4 73.9 74.7 73.8 74.5 74.3 74.3 74.4

Employed

50,171 52,247 52,328 50,596 51,805 52,051 52,025 52,113 52,723

Employment-population ratio

72.2 72.7 71.9 72.8 72.0 72.6 72.5 72.5 72.5

Unemployed

1,333 1,201 1,417 1,307 1,307 1,396 1,291 1,285 1,378

Unemployment rate

2.6 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,224 20,907 19,227 18,893 1,997 2,014

Civilian labor force

10,541 10,508 9,407 9,314 1,133 1,194

Participation rate

49.7 50.3 48.9 49.3 56.8 59.3

Employed

10,082 10,066 9,025 8,932 1,057 1,134

Employment-population ratio

47.5 48.1 46.9 47.3 52.9 56.3

Unemployed

459 442 382 382 77 60

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.2 4.1 4.1 6.8 5.0

Not in labor force

10,683 10,399 9,820 9,579 864 820

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,576 3,877 2,951 3,154 626 723

Civilian labor force

2,796 3,103 2,409 2,602 387 501

Participation rate

78.2 80.1 81.6 82.5 61.9 69.4

Employed

2,645 2,966 2,302 2,493 343 474

Employment-population ratio

74.0 76.5 78.0 79.0 54.8 65.5

Unemployed

151 137 107 109 44 28

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 4.5 4.2 11.4 5.5

Not in labor force

780 773 542 552 238 221

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,449 3,364 2,911 2,890 537 474

Civilian labor force

2,746 2,704 2,373 2,354 373 350

Participation rate

79.6 80.4 81.5 81.5 69.4 73.7

Employed

2,630 2,596 2,278 2,263 352 333

Employment-population ratio

76.3 77.2 78.3 78.3 65.4 70.2

Unemployed

116 108 95 91 22 16

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 5.8 4.7

Not in labor force

702 661 538 536 164 125

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

8,920 8,507 8,603 8,202 317 305

Civilian labor force

2,348 2,117 2,261 2,035 87 82

Participation rate

26.3 24.9 26.3 24.8 27.5 26.9

Employed

2,250 2,022 2,164 1,947 86 76

Employment-population ratio

25.2 23.8 25.2 23.7 27.0 24.8

Unemployed

98 94 96 88 1 6

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.5 4.3 4.3 1.7 7.7

Not in labor force

6,572 6,390 6,342 6,167 230 223

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,279 5,159 4,762 4,647 517 512

Civilian labor force

2,650 2,584 2,364 2,323 286 261

Participation rate

50.2 50.1 49.7 50.0 55.3 50.9

Employed

2,557 2,481 2,280 2,230 277 251

Employment-population ratio

48.4 48.1 47.9 48.0 53.5 49.0

Unemployed

93 103 84 93 9 10

Unemployment rate

3.5 4.0 3.6 4.0 3.3 3.7

Not in labor force

2,629 2,575 2,398 2,324 231 251

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

220,583 223,458 97,257 98,962 123,326 124,495

Civilian labor force

145,295 146,933 73,791 75,090 71,505 71,843

Participation rate

65.9 65.8 75.9 75.9 58.0 57.7

Employed

137,702 139,829 69,934 71,527 67,768 68,302

Employment-population ratio

62.4 62.6 71.9 72.3 54.9 54.9

Unemployed

7,594 7,104 3,857 3,563 3,737 3,541

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.8 5.2 4.7 5.2 4.9

Not in labor force

75,288 76,524 23,466 23,872 51,822 52,652

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,170 30,453 220,493 222,944

Civilian labor force

6,032 6,262 152,251 153,873

Participation rate

20.0 20.6 69.1 69.0

Employed

5,470 5,504 144,175 146,486

Employment-population ratio

18.1 18.1 65.4 65.7

Unemployed

562 758 8,076 7,386

Unemployment rate

9.3 12.1 5.3 4.8

Not in labor force

24,138 24,191 68,241 69,071

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,638 2,853 76,988 77,728

Participation rate

34.1 36.1 83.1 83.5

Employed

2,402 2,507 72,819 73,989

Employment-population ratio

31.0 31.8 78.6 79.5

Unemployed

236 346 4,169 3,738

Unemployment rate

8.9 12.1 5.4 4.8

Not in labor force

5,108 5,039 15,620 15,388

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,339 2,299 67,574 67,969

Participation rate

28.1 28.2 70.7 70.6

Employed

2,069 1,998 63,950 64,586

Employment-population ratio

24.9 24.5 66.9 67.1

Unemployed

269 300 3,625 3,383

Unemployment rate

11.5 13.1 5.4 5.0

Not in labor force

5,988 5,851 27,988 28,315

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,056 1,111 7,689 8,175

Participation rate

7.5 7.7 23.8 24.4

Employed

999 999 7,406 7,910

Employment-population ratio

7.1 6.9 22.9 23.6

Unemployed

57 112 282 265

Unemployment rate

5.4 10.1 3.7 3.2

Not in labor force

13,042 13,302 24,633 25,368

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,342 41,055 19,563 19,954 20,779 21,101

Civilian labor force

26,100 26,936 15,310 15,736 10,791 11,200

Participation rate

64.7 65.6 78.3 78.9 51.9 53.1

Employed

24,816 25,851 14,646 15,259 10,169 10,592

Employment-population ratio

61.5 63.0 74.9 76.5 48.9 50.2

Unemployed

1,285 1,086 664 477 621 609

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.0 4.3 3.0 5.8 5.4

Not in labor force

14,241 14,119 4,254 4,218 9,988 9,900

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

210,321 212,342 101,469 102,473 108,853 109,869

Civilian labor force

132,183 133,198 69,151 70,053 63,031 63,145

Participation rate

62.8 62.7 68.2 68.4 57.9 57.5

Employed

124,830 126,140 65,255 66,255 59,575 59,885

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.4 64.3 64.7 54.7 54.5

Unemployed

7,353 7,058 3,896 3,798 3,457 3,260

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.2

Not in labor force

78,139 79,144 32,317 32,420 45,821 46,724

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,703 2,620 2,661 2,548 2,456 2,623 2,592 2,585 2,516

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,687 1,695 1,748 1,591 1,571 1,643 1,706 1,689 1,651

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

952 899 885 904 878 938 856 862 840

Unpaid family workers

65 26 27 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

146,942 148,974 149,329 146,198 148,620 148,704 148,377 148,429 148,640

Wage and salary workers(1)

138,083 139,978 140,363 137,466 139,815 139,703 139,411 139,574 139,777

Government

20,416 20,889 19,821 20,723 20,775 20,548 20,323 20,599 20,186

Private industries

117,667 119,089 120,542 116,726 119,024 119,223 119,136 119,011 119,592

Private households

854 732 790 - - - - - -

Other industries

116,813 118,357 119,751 115,926 118,332 118,584 118,390 118,282 118,837

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,780 8,914 8,909 8,634 8,735 8,869 8,872 8,816 8,772

Unpaid family workers

80 82 58 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,776 6,238 6,119 6,465 5,988 6,123 5,962 6,430 5,843

Slack work or business conditions

4,011 3,721 3,567 3,880 3,579 3,631 3,709 3,890 3,443

Could only find part-time work

2,308 2,162 2,144 2,204 2,104 2,154 2,009 2,086 2,062

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,649 20,888 19,659 20,455 20,615 20,428 20,469 20,606 20,505

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,650 6,188 6,023 6,345 5,897 6,032 5,874 6,372 5,745

Slack work or business conditions

3,932 3,685 3,507 3,796 3,519 3,575 3,651 3,828 3,377

Could only find part-time work

2,284 2,156 2,128 2,187 2,099 2,138 1,995 2,076 2,052

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,232 20,492 19,261 19,965 20,238 20,084 20,114 20,224 20,101

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

149,645 151,594 151,990 148,722 151,074 151,320 151,004 151,030 151,097

16 to 19 years

5,327 4,857 5,548 4,659 4,990 4,931 4,934 4,904 4,864

16 to 17 years

1,862 1,663 2,095 1,646 1,731 1,688 1,692 1,732 1,839

18 to 19 years

3,466 3,194 3,453 3,014 3,279 3,252 3,239 3,193 3,032

20 years and over

144,318 146,737 146,442 144,063 146,085 146,389 146,070 146,126 146,234

20 to 24 years

14,462 14,018 14,419 14,053 14,109 14,171 14,016 14,090 14,023

25 years and over

129,857 132,719 132,023 130,010 131,922 132,116 131,998 131,965 132,251

25 to 54 years

96,611 98,203 97,748 96,590 97,736 97,932 97,648 97,765 97,793

25 to 34 years

32,747 33,707 33,686 32,746 33,370 33,493 33,390 33,518 33,662

35 to 44 years

31,236 31,693 31,490 31,292 31,548 31,555 31,445 31,578 31,543

45 to 54 years

32,629 32,803 32,573 32,552 32,818 32,883 32,813 32,669 32,588

55 years and over

33,245 34,516 34,275 33,420 34,186 34,184 34,350 34,200 34,459

Men, 16 years and over

79,902 80,673 81,514 79,006 80,491 80,543 80,419 80,369 80,596

16 to 19 years

2,586 2,432 2,841 2,244 2,501 2,447 2,420 2,452 2,469

16 to 17 years

942 801 1,055 819 830 770 789 826 906

18 to 19 years

1,644 1,631 1,786 1,425 1,681 1,674 1,621 1,630 1,571

20 years and over

77,315 78,241 78,673 76,762 77,991 78,096 77,999 77,917 78,127

20 to 24 years

7,418 7,205 7,473 7,174 7,293 7,284 7,274 7,221 7,229

25 years and over

69,897 71,036 71,200 69,619 70,637 70,750 70,710 70,647 70,899

25 to 54 years

52,084 52,657 52,756 51,826 52,513 52,580 52,388 52,431 52,493

25 to 34 years

17,901 18,224 18,344 17,786 18,056 18,199 18,060 18,136 18,209

35 to 44 years

16,935 17,127 17,127 16,908 17,075 17,018 17,017 17,059 17,084

45 to 54 years

17,248 17,306 17,286 17,131 17,382 17,363 17,312 17,236 17,200

55 years and over

17,813 18,379 18,444 17,793 18,125 18,170 18,321 18,216 18,406

Women, 16 years and over

69,744 70,921 70,476 69,716 70,583 70,777 70,586 70,661 70,501

16 to 19 years

2,741 2,424 2,707 2,415 2,489 2,485 2,514 2,452 2,394

16 to 17 years

919 862 1,040 828 901 918 903 906 934

18 to 19 years

1,821 1,563 1,667 1,589 1,598 1,578 1,618 1,563 1,461

20 years and over

67,003 68,496 67,769 67,302 68,094 68,293 68,072 68,209 68,107

20 to 24 years

7,043 6,813 6,946 6,879 6,817 6,887 6,742 6,868 6,794

25 years and over

59,960 61,683 60,823 60,391 61,285 61,366 61,288 61,318 61,353

25 to 54 years

44,528 45,546 44,992 44,764 45,224 45,351 45,259 45,334 45,300

25 to 34 years

14,846 15,483 15,342 14,959 15,315 15,294 15,330 15,382 15,453

35 to 44 years

14,301 14,566 14,363 14,383 14,474 14,537 14,427 14,519 14,460

45 to 54 years

15,381 15,498 15,288 15,421 15,435 15,520 15,502 15,433 15,387

55 years and over

15,432 16,137 15,831 15,627 16,061 16,015 16,028 15,984 16,053

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,894 45,215 45,609 44,881 45,175 45,266 45,207 45,023 45,562

Married women, spouse present

34,620 35,279 34,827 34,954 35,100 35,387 35,227 35,158 35,171

Women who maintain families

9,600 9,831 9,542 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

122,268 123,548 124,903 121,056 123,206 123,447 123,194 123,135 123,586

Part-time workers(2)

27,378 28,046 27,087 27,651 27,853 27,818 27,797 27,936 27,445

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,025 7,472 7,059 7,149 7,339 7,466 7,411 7,412 7,207

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.9 4.6 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,555 5,476 5,586 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,731 9,813 9,794 9,538 9,613 9,807 9,728 9,678 9,612

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

8,262 7,436 7,783 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

16 to 19 years

1,018 937 926 17.9 15.6 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.0

16 to 17 years

366 394 376 18.2 18.8 19.2 19.7 18.5 17.0

18 to 19 years

672 536 557 18.2 13.8 14.0 13.5 14.4 15.5

20 years and over

7,245 6,500 6,857 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.5

20 to 24 years

1,533 1,269 1,331 9.8 8.6 8.4 8.8 8.3 8.7

25 years and over

5,701 5,261 5,540 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 3.8 4.0

25 to 54 years

4,381 4,074 4,233 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.1

25 to 34 years

1,928 1,777 1,824 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1

35 to 44 years

1,273 1,137 1,228 3.9 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.5 3.7

45 to 54 years

1,180 1,160 1,181 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5

55 years and over

1,276 1,189 1,265 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.4 3.5

Men, 16 years and over

4,455 3,963 4,169 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

16 to 19 years

565 473 508 20.1 16.8 17.0 16.4 16.2 17.1

16 to 17 years

197 197 203 19.4 21.4 22.8 20.6 19.3 18.3

18 to 19 years

388 271 320 21.4 14.5 14.3 13.2 14.3 16.9

20 years and over

3,890 3,490 3,661 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.5

20 to 24 years

877 699 746 10.9 9.3 9.1 9.5 8.8 9.4

25 years and over

2,997 2,823 2,909 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.9

25 to 54 years

2,298 2,135 2,190 4.2 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.0

25 to 34 years

996 975 983 5.3 5.0 4.9 5.4 5.1 5.1

35 to 44 years

701 593 617 4.0 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.5

45 to 54 years

601 567 590 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.3

55 years and over

699 687 719 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.8

Women, 16 years and over

3,808 3,473 3,614 5.2 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

16 to 19 years

453 464 417 15.8 14.3 14.6 15.7 15.9 14.8

16 to 17 years

169 196 173 17.0 16.3 16.0 18.9 17.8 15.6

18 to 19 years

284 265 237 15.2 13.1 13.6 13.7 14.5 14.0

20 years and over

3,355 3,009 3,196 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.5

20 to 24 years

656 570 585 8.7 7.9 7.6 8.1 7.7 7.9

25 years and over

2,704 2,438 2,631 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1 3.8 4.1

25 to 54 years

2,083 1,939 2,043 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.3

25 to 34 years

932 802 841 5.9 5.1 5.4 5.0 5.0 5.2

35 to 44 years

572 544 610 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.4 3.6 4.1

45 to 54 years

579 593 591 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7

55 years and over

598 527 561 3.7 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.2 3.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,307 1,209 1,233 2.8 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.6

Married women, spouse present

1,136 1,043 1,181 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.2

Women who maintain families(1)

812 694 749 7.8 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.6 7.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

6,734 6,103 6,339 5.3 4.9 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,507 1,331 1,425 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3,951 3,322 3,677 4,060 3,749 3,835 3,855 3,573 3,776

On temporary layoff

1,044 645 1,124 1,040 960 921 841 829 1,097

Not on temporary layoff

2,907 2,677 2,552 3,019 2,790 2,914 3,014 2,744 2,679

Permanent job losers

2,060 1,955 1,848 2,120 1,969 2,068 2,058 1,982 1,917

Persons who completed temporary jobs

847 722 704 899 821 845 957 762 763

Job leavers

736 744 797 767 760 833 851 796 828

Reentrants

2,662 2,305 2,392 2,488 2,467 2,495 2,357 2,209 2,268

New entrants

1,289 835 1,278 931 833 778 839 865 902

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

45.7 46.1 45.1 49.2 48.0 48.3 48.8 48.0 48.6

On temporary layoff

12.1 9.0 13.8 12.6 12.3 11.6 10.6 11.1 14.1

Not on temporary layoff

33.7 37.1 31.3 36.6 35.7 36.7 38.2 36.9 34.5

Job leavers

8.5 10.3 9.8 9.3 9.7 10.5 10.8 10.7 10.7

Reentrants

30.8 32.0 29.4 30.2 31.6 31.4 29.8 29.7 29.2

New entrants

14.9 11.6 15.7 11.3 10.7 9.8 10.6 11.6 11.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.5 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4

New entrants

0.8 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,102 2,243 3,206 2,347 2,297 2,412 2,545 2,207 2,418

5 to 14 weeks

2,167 1,850 1,969 2,350 2,236 2,205 2,131 2,239 2,140

15 weeks and over

3,369 3,113 2,970 3,513 3,297 3,391 3,367 3,058 3,108

15 to 26 weeks

1,316 1,219 1,066 1,385 1,132 1,178 1,304 1,173 1,129

27 weeks and over

2,052 1,894 1,904 2,128 2,165 2,213 2,063 1,885 1,979

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

26.2 27.8 25.7 28.1 29.0 28.4 27.7 26.7 27.7

Median duration, in weeks

9.4 11.4 8.3 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.4 10.7 10.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

35.9 31.1 39.4 28.6 29.3 30.1 31.6 29.4 31.5

5 to 14 weeks

25.1 25.7 24.2 28.6 28.6 27.5 26.5 29.8 27.9

15 weeks and over

39.0 43.2 36.5 42.8 42.1 42.4 41.9 40.8 40.5

15 to 26 weeks

15.2 16.9 13.1 16.9 14.5 14.7 16.2 15.6 14.7

27 weeks and over

23.8 26.3 23.4 25.9 27.7 27.6 25.7 25.1 25.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

149,645 151,990 8,638 8,144 5.5 5.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

57,710 59,181 1,714 1,712 2.9 2.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

24,049 25,354 603 646 2.4 2.5

Professional and related occupations

33,661 33,827 1,111 1,067 3.2 3.1

Service occupations

26,795 27,618 1,789 1,658 6.3 5.7

Sales and office occupations

33,707 33,391 1,777 1,550 5.0 4.4

Sales and related occupations

15,899 16,040 950 820 5.6 4.9

Office and administrative support occupations

17,807 17,351 827 730 4.4 4.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,956 14,277 926 832 6.2 5.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,226 1,254 88 151 6.7 10.8

Construction and extraction occupations

7,694 8,240 617 462 7.4 5.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,036 4,783 221 218 4.2 4.4

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,478 17,524 1,122 1,091 6.0 5.9

Production occupations

8,510 8,470 462 439 5.1 4.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,969 9,054 660 652 6.9 6.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,638 8,144 5.5 5.1

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,162 5,575 5.0 4.4

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

87 100 8.9 11.5

Construction

522 417 6.3 4.6

Manufacturing

599 568 3.9 3.7

Durable goods

353 374 3.6 3.8

Nondurable goods

246 195 4.4 3.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,169 922 5.7 4.7

Transportation and utilities

280 255 4.5 4.0

Information

109 126 3.9 4.7

Financial activities

239 219 2.5 2.2

Professional and business services

818 805 5.2 4.7

Education and health services

953 839 4.2 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,101 953 7.5 6.6

Other services

283 372 4.3 5.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

133 159 7.6 8.6

Government workers

689 737 3.3 3.6

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

364 395 3.6 3.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
May
2016
June
2016
June
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.1 2.0 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.5 2.1 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.5 4.5 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.8 4.9 5.4 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.0 5.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.6 5.6 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

10.8 9.4 9.9 10.5 9.7 9.8 9.7 9.7 9.6

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016
June
2015
June
2016

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,380 93,262 36,571 36,638 55,809 56,625

Persons who currently want a job

6,561 6,101 3,009 2,764 3,552 3,336

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

1,914 1,779 898 897 1,016 882

Discouraged workers(2)

653 502 384 294 269 208

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,261 1,277 514 603 747 674

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,025 7,059 3,471 3,486 3,554 3,573

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.6 4.3 4.3 5.1 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,787 3,908 2,013 2,134 1,774 1,774

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,870 1,881 682 648 1,188 1,233

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

302 288 196 205 107 83

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,014 938 554 477 460 461

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
Change from:
May2016 - June2016(p)

Total nonfarm

142,717 143,934 144,557 145,239 141,724 143,877 143,888 144,175 287

Total private

120,786 121,439 122,105 123,191 119,734 121,797 121,791 122,056 265

Goods-producing

19,853 19,491 19,644 19,916 19,571 19,663 19,622 19,631 9

Mining and logging

825 691 689 692 820 706 697 692 -5

Logging

52.4 46.6 48.2 50.8 52.2 50.2 49.8 50.6 0.8

Mining

772.4 644.6 641.0 641.1 768.2 655.9 647.6 641.2 -6.4

Oil and gas extraction

193.3 172.7 173.8 173.8 192.2 175.7 174.6 172.4 -2.2

Mining, except oil and gas

204.0 183.6 184.0 185.4 198.7 184.6 182.1 181.4 -0.7

Coal mining

66.3 55.3 53.7 52.8 65.7 55.5 54.0 52.8 -1.2

Metal ore mining

42.3 37.7 38.1 39.3 41.7 38.1 38.4 38.8 0.4

Nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying

95.4 90.6 92.2 93.3 91.3 90.9 89.6 89.7 0.1

Support activities for mining

375.1 288.3 283.2 281.9 377.3 295.6 290.9 287.4 -3.5

Construction

6,621 6,561 6,699 6,850 6,426 6,659 6,643 6,643 0

Construction of buildings

1,440.9 1,441.0 1,460.7 1,489.4 1,412.5 1,468.6 1,460.8 1,457.1 -3.7

Residential building

703.3 709.3 723.4 737.2 685.5 724.1 721.2 718.8 -2.4

Nonresidential building

737.6 731.7 737.3 752.2 727.0 744.5 739.6 738.3 -1.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

981.8 935.2 959.7 980.7 934.1 945.9 936.7 932.8 -3.9

Specialty trade contractors

4,197.8 4,184.5 4,278.1 4,379.6 4,079.4 4,244.7 4,245.0 4,253.4 8.4

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,831.9 1,840.1 1,883.7 1,933.9 1,766.4 1,864.6 1,862.3 1,867.0 4.7

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,365.9 2,344.4 2,394.4 2,445.7 2,313.0 2,380.1 2,382.7 2,386.4 3.7

Manufacturing

12,407 12,239 12,256 12,374 12,325 12,298 12,282 12,296 14

Durable goods

7,817 7,685 7,681 7,738 7,765 7,706 7,686 7,689 3

Wood products

379.9 379.6 383.1 388.8 376.8 382.1 383.0 385.1 2.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

403.9 398.8 405.4 407.2 395.7 399.4 400.2 398.4 -1.8

Primary metals

396.5 375.3 375.5 375.3 395.4 377.1 376.3 375.0 -1.3

Fabricated metal products

1,472.9 1,429.4 1,427.6 1,435.4 1,463.0 1,433.1 1,430.2 1,430.0 -0.2

Machinery

1,131.0 1,086.4 1,076.7 1,085.9 1,126.2 1,087.8 1,079.5 1,080.4 0.9

Computer and electronic products

1,055.9 1,039.2 1,040.6 1,045.6 1,052.4 1,042.2 1,041.8 1,039.7 -2.1

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.1 162.7 163.1 164.0 160.6 163.4 163.0 162.6 -0.4

Communications equipment

89.0 84.8 84.4 85.3 88.5 84.8 84.5 84.6 0.1

Semiconductors and electronic components

369.2 361.8 363.8 364.5 368.4 363.3 364.6 363.0 -1.6

Electronic instruments

401.2 395.3 394.5 396.8 399.5 395.9 394.8 394.6 -0.2

Miscellaneous computer and electronic products

35.4 34.6 34.8 35.0 35.4 34.9 34.9 35.0 0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

386.3 383.4 382.8 388.9 384.9 385.4 383.9 386.6 2.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,608.0 1,610.9 1,605.4 1,615.7 1,596.3 1,612.8 1,606.1 1,604.6 -1.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

915.5 929.1 925.2 933.0 908.7 927.8 926.2 926.1 -0.1

Furniture and related products

383.6 387.3 387.0 392.1 379.3 388.8 387.4 390.2 2.8

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

598.7 594.9 596.6 603.0 594.7 597.2 597.6 599.4 1.8

Nondurable goods

4,590 4,554 4,575 4,636 4,560 4,592 4,596 4,607 11

Food manufacturing

1,516.0 1,495.0 1,500.8 1,543.5 1,507.5 1,522.0 1,522.5 1,535.5 13.0

Textile mills

117.5 114.0 114.0 114.0 116.5 113.7 113.4 113.1 -0.3

Textile product mills

116.7 116.0 117.2 117.6 116.2 117.1 117.4 116.7 -0.7

Apparel

136.9 133.0 132.5 132.5 136.7 133.8 133.0 132.6 -0.4

Paper and paper products

373.1 371.1 371.9 374.1 370.4 371.8 372.2 371.8 -0.4

Printing and related support activities

448.6 443.8 444.8 446.2 447.4 445.0 444.8 444.4 -0.4

Petroleum and coal products

116.6 114.6 116.3 117.8 114.0 115.6 115.5 115.7 0.2

Chemicals

813.2 815.4 817.4 822.1 809.3 817.3 818.1 818.0 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products

691.0 691.0 695.8 694.3 686.1 690.3 693.3 691.1 -2.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

259.9 259.7 264.6 273.4 255.8 265.8 266.1 268.3 2.2

Private service-providing

100,933 101,948 102,461 103,275 100,163 102,134 102,169 102,425 256

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,955 27,061 27,220 27,375 26,909 27,296 27,296 27,323 27

Wholesale trade

5,910.8 5,912.4 5,934.1 5,964.8 5,870.2 5,925.7 5,921.3 5,924.9 3.6

Durable goods

2,948.4 2,944.7 2,947.9 2,965.3 2,931.5 2,951.9 2,945.0 2,947.9 2.9

Nondurable goods

2,054.1 2,055.9 2,068.7 2,081.1 2,035.3 2,059.6 2,060.6 2,061.9 1.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

908.3 911.8 917.5 918.4 903.4 914.2 915.7 915.1 -0.6

Retail trade

15,643.6 15,757.2 15,854.4 15,963.2 15,639.6 15,919.5 15,922.5 15,952.4 29.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

1,944.1 1,987.3 1,999.8 2,008.8 1,927.0 1,990.0 1,992.1 1,992.5 0.4

Automobile dealers

1,242.0 1,280.0 1,285.7 1,292.6 1,236.0 1,283.6 1,285.1 1,287.1 2.0

Other motor vehicle dealers

154.1 150.3 154.5 157.4 144.7 149.3 149.1 149.0 -0.1

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

548.0 557.0 559.6 558.8 546.3 557.2 557.9 556.4 -1.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

466.0 470.6 474.4 476.8 472.4 478.6 481.0 483.6 2.6

Electronics and appliance stores

510.6 518.9 516.0 515.5 525.5 530.9 530.6 528.8 -1.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,293.5 1,329.0 1,355.9 1,350.7 1,233.6 1,280.2 1,281.5 1,285.1 3.6

Food and beverage stores

3,096.6 3,071.0 3,093.9 3,135.8 3,071.2 3,097.2 3,099.5 3,105.8 6.3

Health and personal care stores

1,034.3 1,039.0 1,039.6 1,049.3 1,034.5 1,046.1 1,045.4 1,050.8 5.4

Gasoline stations

918.3 916.9 924.1 931.3 905.6 921.3 920.1 920.1 0.0

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,334.2 1,330.4 1,333.8 1,349.0 1,366.1 1,384.2 1,380.3 1,378.1 -2.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

605.2 610.8 612.9 611.2 623.1 630.0 631.8 633.0 1.2

General merchandise stores

3,101.2 3,137.5 3,141.5 3,158.9 3,138.7 3,188.6 3,187.4 3,196.1 8.7

Department stores

1,297.7 1,286.0 1,274.3 1,285.2 1,331.9 1,320.5 1,311.0 1,315.3 4.3

Other general merchandise stores

1,803.5 1,851.5 1,867.2 1,873.7 1,806.9 1,868.1 1,876.4 1,880.8 4.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

833.3 825.7 842.4 849.3 827.7 839.6 838.9 842.9 4.0

Nonstore retailers

506.3 520.1 520.1 526.6 514.2 532.8 533.9 535.6 1.7

Transportation and warehousing

4,839.2 4,829.5 4,869.0 4,878.6 4,841.7 4,885.9 4,889.5 4,880.1 -9.4

Air transportation

458.2 465.7 471.1 474.5 454.9 467.4 469.9 470.7 0.8

Rail transportation

246.0 218.0 217.4 216.8 244.9 217.7 216.9 215.3 -1.6

Water transportation

67.2 61.5 62.9 64.9 65.5 62.4 62.6 62.9 0.3

Truck transportation

1,476.7 1,443.7 1,457.9 1,471.9 1,459.6 1,461.5 1,459.3 1,453.0 -6.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

468.4 492.1 494.7 463.2 476.3 478.1 478.0 472.0 -6.0

Pipeline transportation

49.7 49.0 48.6 48.2 49.4 48.9 48.6 48.1 -0.5

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

39.3 26.2 31.8 36.2 32.1 29.5 29.2 28.9 -0.3

Support activities for transportation

650.5 650.1 648.3 651.0 649.3 650.7 648.8 647.0 -1.8

Couriers and messengers

578.4 580.7 588.2 596.5 600.4 615.5 617.0 618.3 1.3

Warehousing and storage

804.8 842.5 848.1 855.4 809.3 854.2 859.2 863.9 4.7

Utilities

560.9 562.0 562.6 568.5 557.2 564.4 562.3 565.2 2.9

Information

2,755 2,785 2,742 2,802 2,751 2,782 2,743 2,787 44

Publishing industries, except Internet

726.7 722.9 722.3 729.6 727.1 725.5 726.5 728.2 1.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

404.0 428.1 417.4 432.6 400.4 420.3 410.5 421.4 10.9

Broadcasting, except Internet

279.2 279.5 278.2 278.1 278.6 279.4 278.9 277.6 -1.3

Telecommunications

805.5 800.0 769.0 797.5 807.2 802.0 769.8 797.9 28.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

297.2 300.4 298.3 300.9 296.6 298.5 298.0 300.2 2.2

Other information services

241.9 254.5 257.0 263.2 240.8 256.5 259.1 261.6 2.5

Financial activities

8,168 8,210 8,249 8,337 8,117 8,250 8,264 8,280 16

Finance and insurance

6,048.0 6,110.8 6,121.9 6,165.2 6,036.2 6,133.0 6,137.7 6,146.7 9.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.8 17.8 17.8 18.0 17.8 18.0 17.9 17.9 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities

2,573.7 2,587.6 2,592.9 2,608.3 2,570.0 2,597.9 2,597.5 2,598.9 1.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,685.6 1,682.4 1,685.8 1,693.4 1,681.7 1,685.8 1,687.5 1,688.4 0.9

Commercial banking

1,274.5 1,266.6 1,267.1 1,269.3 1,273.3 1,267.9 1,267.4 1,266.7 -0.7

Nondepository credit intermediation

593.3 602.3 602.5 605.3 593.3 607.4 604.2 602.1 -2.1

Activities related to credit intermediation

294.8 302.9 304.6 309.6 295.1 304.7 305.8 308.3 2.5

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

909.5 920.4 921.5 927.3 906.2 923.9 924.9 925.2 0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,547.0 2,585.0 2,589.7 2,611.6 2,542.2 2,593.2 2,597.4 2,604.7 7.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,119.9 2,099.0 2,127.5 2,171.5 2,080.3 2,117.4 2,125.8 2,132.8 7.0

Real estate

1,533.2 1,537.0 1,553.2 1,574.0 1,512.0 1,546.3 1,553.0 1,555.7 2.7

Rental and leasing services

562.5 538.8 550.9 573.8 544.3 547.6 549.4 553.7 4.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.2 23.2 23.4 23.7 24.0 23.5 23.4 23.4 0.0

Professional and business services

19,797 20,088 20,137 20,330 19,661 20,102 20,120 20,158 38

Professional and technical services

8,595.8 8,910.7 8,819.6 8,883.1 8,616.8 8,840.8 8,873.3 8,890.3 17.0

Legal services

1,128.3 1,118.8 1,120.8 1,134.4 1,119.2 1,123.4 1,123.9 1,124.0 0.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

918.5 1,106.7 969.2 959.2 979.2 1,010.9 1,016.2 1,016.5 0.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,425.8 1,421.8 1,435.6 1,455.6 1,409.6 1,431.1 1,435.1 1,437.5 2.4

Specialized design services

135.5 139.9 142.1 144.1 134.3 140.4 141.6 143.0 1.4

Computer systems design and related services

1,907.9 1,977.5 1,988.0 1,992.4 1,908.1 1,978.1 1,988.8 1,990.2 1.4

Management and technical consulting services

1,274.9 1,315.2 1,326.7 1,338.3 1,270.6 1,321.9 1,329.0 1,335.0 6.0

Scientific research and development services

662.7 664.0 670.2 681.5 656.2 665.9 669.3 673.0 3.7

Advertising and related services

483.6 492.3 494.5 498.3 482.7 494.3 495.9 495.9 0.0

Other professional and technical services

658.6 674.5 672.5 679.3 656.9 674.7 673.5 675.1 1.6

Management of companies and enterprises

2,227.4 2,252.8 2,259.1 2,277.1 2,212.6 2,263.6 2,261.5 2,266.2 4.7

Administrative and waste services

8,973.9 8,924.6 9,058.4 9,169.3 8,831.2 8,997.6 8,985.3 9,001.6 16.3

Administrative and support services

8,567.7 8,521.0 8,652.4 8,755.0 8,433.0 8,590.2 8,580.0 8,596.2 16.2

Office administrative services

472.6 485.7 489.3 493.5 469.4 486.3 488.6 490.1 1.5

Facilities support services

142.7 145.8 144.0 144.2 143.3 144.6 143.3 143.5 0.2

Employment services(1)

3,565.9 3,520.7 3,559.1 3,601.7 3,544.6 3,580.7 3,560.8 3,570.4 9.6

Temporary help services

2,900.9 2,850.2 2,883.6 2,923.1 2,884.8 2,906.1 2,887.1 2,902.3 15.2

Business support services

878.5 904.7 900.9 902.6 892.0 907.8 908.7 911.2 2.5

Travel arrangement and reservation services

205.1 204.1 205.6 208.8 201.9 204.0 204.2 204.7 0.5

Investigation and security services

866.1 886.5 893.5 897.0 869.2 894.0 895.7 898.0 2.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,122.6 2,051.5 2,138.2 2,182.6 2,005.2 2,052.0 2,058.9 2,059.6 0.7

Other support services

314.2 322.0 321.8 324.6 307.3 320.7 319.9 318.6 -1.3

Waste management and remediation services

406.2 403.6 406.0 414.3 398.2 407.4 405.3 405.4 0.1

Education and health services

21,829 22,755 22,698 22,484 22,017 22,574 22,626 22,685 59

Educational services

3,256.7 3,710.0 3,579.1 3,314.1 3,452.3 3,527.4 3,532.1 3,532.5 0.4

Health care and social assistance

18,572.2 19,045.2 19,119.0 19,170.0 18,564.7 19,046.6 19,094.2 19,152.6 58.4

Health care(3)

15,070.2 15,428.3 15,486.4 15,556.3 15,056.2 15,456.1 15,498.6 15,537.1 38.5

Ambulatory health care services

6,877.7 7,066.1 7,101.7 7,127.4 6,869.2 7,076.2 7,099.5 7,118.8 19.3

Offices of physicians

2,527.2 2,586.1 2,595.4 2,604.3 2,530.1 2,591.0 2,597.9 2,604.5 6.6

Offices of dentists

911.2 930.5 934.6 939.3 908.1 932.8 934.7 935.0 0.3

Offices of other health practitioners

819.5 847.2 857.0 862.3 815.4 847.9 853.8 858.0 4.2

Outpatient care centers

747.8 769.9 773.7 777.9 746.9 770.2 773.0 775.9 2.9

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

260.7 258.9 258.3 258.1 259.8 258.8 258.6 258.8 0.2

Home health care services

1,323.1 1,381.6 1,391.4 1,394.0 1,321.5 1,383.0 1,389.4 1,393.8 4.4

Other ambulatory health care services

288.2 291.9 291.3 291.5 287.4 292.6 292.2 292.8 0.6

Hospitals

4,894.0 5,052.7 5,062.5 5,086.7 4,895.6 5,060.5 5,073.3 5,088.3 15.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

3,298.5 3,309.5 3,322.2 3,342.2 3,291.4 3,319.4 3,325.8 3,330.0 4.2

Nursing care facilities

1,652.3 1,648.2 1,655.3 1,667.3 1,648.9 1,653.6 1,658.2 1,661.3 3.1

Residential mental health facilities

608.4 611.5 613.1 615.1 606.3 613.3 613.8 613.3 -0.5

Community care facilities for the elderly

874.3 887.6 890.8 895.7 873.8 889.8 890.6 892.9 2.3

Other residential care facilities

163.5 162.2 163.0 164.1 162.4 162.7 163.1 162.5 -0.6

Social assistance

3,502.0 3,616.9 3,632.6 3,613.7 3,508.5 3,590.5 3,595.6 3,615.5 19.9

Individual and family services

2,147.5 2,204.9 2,216.9 2,220.6 2,139.3 2,197.0 2,201.6 2,208.4 6.8

Emergency and other relief services

155.9 156.3 156.5 156.7 155.2 156.4 156.3 155.6 -0.7

Vocational rehabilitation services

341.1 336.1 336.1 339.7 337.3 338.0 335.8 335.1 -0.7

Child day care services

857.5 919.6 923.1 896.7 876.7 899.1 901.8 916.3 14.5

Leisure and hospitality

15,742 15,367 15,711 16,186 15,089 15,446 15,443 15,502 59

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,442.8 2,176.9 2,302.8 2,542.5 2,162.0 2,229.4 2,215.8 2,243.0 27.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

479.1 489.2 491.6 508.2 455.5 477.3 466.7 480.7 14.0

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

165.1 152.9 163.2 173.8 152.9 155.3 157.8 159.6 1.8

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,798.6 1,534.8 1,648.0 1,860.5 1,553.6 1,596.8 1,591.3 1,602.7 11.4

Accommodation and food services

13,299.6 13,189.7 13,408.1 13,643.2 12,926.8 13,216.4 13,227.6 13,258.7 31.1

Accommodation

2,010.0 1,877.3 1,923.7 2,032.1 1,911.3 1,924.8 1,923.7 1,932.9 9.2

Food services and drinking places

11,289.6 11,312.4 11,484.4 11,611.1 11,015.5 11,291.6 11,303.9 11,325.8 21.9

Other services

5,687 5,682 5,704 5,761 5,619 5,684 5,677 5,690 13

Repair and maintenance

1,286.2 1,292.5 1,294.3 1,303.0 1,276.7 1,288.8 1,285.4 1,289.6 4.2

Personal and laundry services

1,418.5 1,430.4 1,441.2 1,446.5 1,401.8 1,427.6 1,427.3 1,430.8 3.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,981.8 2,958.9 2,968.5 3,011.8 2,940.6 2,967.3 2,964.6 2,970.0 5.4

Government

21,931 22,495 22,452 22,048 21,990 22,080 22,097 22,119 22

Federal

2,764.0 2,768.0 2,781.0 2,794.0 2,752.0 2,767.0 2,780.0 2,782.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,171.3 2,165.9 2,173.9 2,184.6 2,156.1 2,169.2 2,171.8 2,173.4 1.6

U.S. Postal Service

592.4 602.0 607.1 609.0 595.4 597.5 608.0 608.3 0.3

State government

4,855.0 5,275.0 5,122.0 4,858.0 5,099.0 5,109.0 5,102.0 5,105.0 3.0

State government education

2,159.8 2,603.3 2,446.5 2,164.8 2,424.7 2,435.9 2,433.3 2,433.7 0.4

State government, excluding education

2,694.8 2,672.0 2,675.0 2,693.6 2,674.0 2,673.5 2,668.3 2,671.5 3.2

Local government

14,312.0 14,452.0 14,549.0 14,396.0 14,139.0 14,204.0 14,215.0 14,232.0 17.0

Local government education

7,815.2 8,146.9 8,165.3 7,803.9 7,822.4 7,818.2 7,825.9 7,835.0 9.1

Local government, excluding education

6,496.3 6,305.3 6,383.9 6,591.6 6,316.2 6,385.7 6,389.2 6,396.8 7.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.4 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.3 40.3 40.3 40.3

Mining and logging

43.3 43.4 43.8 42.7

Construction

39.3 39.1 39.1 39.2

Manufacturing

40.6 40.7 40.7 40.7

Durable goods

41.0 41.2 41.2 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.0 39.9 40.0 40.0

Private service-providing

33.4 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.3 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.9 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

31.4 31.2 31.0 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.9 38.9 38.9 39.0

Utilities

42.2 42.4 42.2 42.1

Information

36.3 36.0 36.0 35.9

Financial activities

37.6 37.6 37.4 37.6

Professional and business services

36.1 36.1 36.1 36.1

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.3 26.1 26.1 26.0

Other services

31.8 31.9 31.9 32.0

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.2 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

Total private

$24.96 $25.53 $25.59 $25.61 $861.12 $878.23 $880.30 $880.98

Goods-producing

26.09 26.81 26.92 26.90 1,051.43 1,080.44 1,084.88 1,084.07

Mining and logging

30.86 31.99 32.12 32.00 1,336.24 1,388.37 1,406.86 1,366.40

Construction

27.37 27.95 28.05 28.13 1,075.64 1,092.85 1,096.76 1,102.70

Manufacturing

25.10 25.90 26.02 25.96 1,019.06 1,054.13 1,059.01 1,056.57

Durable goods

26.49 27.20 27.31 27.27 1,086.09 1,120.64 1,125.17 1,123.52

Nondurable goods

22.69 23.65 23.80 23.72 907.60 943.64 952.00 948.80

Private service-providing

24.69 25.23 25.28 25.31 824.65 840.16 841.82 842.82

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.77 22.22 22.25 22.31 753.24 766.59 763.18 769.70

Wholesale trade

28.67 29.39 29.46 29.49 1,112.40 1,143.27 1,143.05 1,144.21

Retail trade

17.44 17.78 17.82 17.85 547.62 554.74 552.42 556.92

Transportation and warehousing

22.83 23.12 23.08 23.29 888.09 899.37 897.81 908.31

Utilities

36.83 38.17 38.06 38.28 1,554.23 1,618.41 1,606.13 1,611.59

Information

34.95 36.24 36.56 36.62 1,268.69 1,304.64 1,316.16 1,314.66

Financial activities

31.48 32.15 32.15 32.18 1,183.65 1,208.84 1,202.41 1,209.97

Professional and business services

29.99 30.66 30.71 30.72 1,082.64 1,106.83 1,108.63 1,108.99

Education and health services

25.23 25.64 25.69 25.70 827.54 840.99 842.63 842.96

Leisure and hospitality

14.28 14.78 14.84 14.89 375.56 385.76 387.32 387.14

Other services

22.48 22.77 22.80 22.79 714.86 726.36 727.32 729.28

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
Percent change from:
May
2016 - June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
Percent change from:
May
2016 - June
2016(p)

Total private

103.7 105.2 105.2 105.4 0.2 123.7 128.3 128.6 129.0 0.3

Goods-producing

89.9 90.3 90.1 90.1 0.0 106.0 109.4 109.6 109.6 0.0

Mining and logging

111.6 96.3 95.9 92.8 -3.2 138.2 123.7 123.7 119.3 -3.6

Construction

87.1 89.8 89.5 89.8 0.3 103.5 109.0 109.1 109.7 0.5

Manufacturing

90.0 90.0 89.9 90.0 0.1 105.1 108.5 108.8 108.7 -0.1

Durable goods

89.6 89.4 89.2 89.2 0.0 105.4 108.0 108.1 108.0 -0.1

Nondurable goods

91.0 91.4 91.7 92.0 0.3 104.8 109.7 110.8 110.7 -0.1

Private service-providing

107.6 109.4 109.5 109.7 0.2 129.1 134.2 134.5 135.0 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.3 102.4 101.8 102.5 0.7 118.6 122.5 121.9 123.1 1.0

Wholesale trade

99.4 100.6 100.2 100.3 0.1 118.9 123.4 123.2 123.4 0.2

Retail trade

99.8 100.9 100.3 101.1 0.8 115.0 118.6 118.1 119.3 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

107.8 108.8 108.9 108.9 0.0 124.9 127.6 127.5 128.7 0.9

Utilities

101.7 103.5 102.7 103.0 0.3 123.8 130.6 129.1 130.2 0.9

Information

91.2 91.5 90.2 91.4 1.3 113.5 118.0 117.4 119.1 1.4

Financial activities

100.0 101.6 101.2 102.0 0.8 122.7 127.4 126.9 128.0 0.9

Professional and business services

111.6 114.1 114.2 114.5 0.3 135.6 141.8 142.1 142.4 0.2

Education and health services

117.9 120.9 121.2 121.5 0.2 143.1 149.1 149.7 150.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

113.2 115.0 115.0 115.0 0.0 130.5 137.2 137.7 138.2 0.4

Other services

103.0 104.5 104.4 105.0 0.6 126.9 130.5 130.5 131.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

Total nonfarm

69,965 71,235 71,309 71,479 49.4 49.5 49.6 49.6

Total private

57,384 58,582 58,651 58,793 47.9 48.1 48.2 48.2

Goods-producing

4,290 4,296 4,292 4,301 21.9 21.8 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

114 102 102 101 13.9 14.4 14.6 14.6

Construction

813 831 830 831 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.5

Manufacturing

3,363 3,363 3,360 3,369 27.3 27.3 27.4 27.4

Durable goods

1,809 1,801 1,799 1,800 23.3 23.4 23.4 23.4

Nondurable goods

1,554 1,562 1,561 1,569 34.1 34.0 34.0 34.1

Private service-providing

53,094 54,286 54,359 54,492 53.0 53.2 53.2 53.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,896 11,097 11,105 11,124 40.5 40.7 40.7 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,731.2 1,748.8 1,748.9 1,749.6 29.5 29.5 29.5 29.5

Retail trade

7,889.0 8,042.9 8,039.9 8,055.7 50.4 50.5 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,142.1 1,171.7 1,183.2 1,185.8 23.6 24.0 24.2 24.3

Utilities

133.9 133.6 133.0 132.7 24.0 23.7 23.7 23.5

Information

1,101 1,109 1,097 1,108 40.0 39.9 40.0 39.8

Financial activities

4,634 4,706 4,714 4,715 57.1 57.0 57.0 56.9

Professional and business services

8,750 9,011 9,024 9,042 44.5 44.8 44.9 44.9

Education and health services

16,951 17,384 17,441 17,480 77.0 77.0 77.1 77.1

Leisure and hospitality

7,828 8,003 8,002 8,033 51.9 51.8 51.8 51.8

Other services

2,934 2,976 2,976 2,990 52.2 52.4 52.4 52.5

Government

12,581 12,653 12,658 12,686 57.2 57.3 57.3 57.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

Total private

98,747 100,288 100,274 100,506

Goods-producing

14,119 14,161 14,120 14,115

Mining and logging

600 501 492 485

Construction

4,839 5,025 5,015 5,004

Manufacturing

8,680 8,635 8,613 8,626

Durable goods

5,354 5,302 5,283 5,282

Nondurable goods

3,326 3,333 3,330 3,344

Private service-providing

84,628 86,127 86,154 86,391

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,644 22,934 22,928 22,947

Wholesale trade

4,710.9 4,740.3 4,738.6 4,741.5

Retail trade

13,297.0 13,521.2 13,516.4 13,529.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,188.8 4,220.7 4,223.7 4,222.1

Utilities

447.0 452.0 449.7 453.2

Information

2,225 2,245 2,207 2,242

Financial activities

6,274 6,389 6,402 6,418

Professional and business services

16,151 16,446 16,460 16,495

Education and health services

19,336 19,799 19,844 19,911

Leisure and hospitality

13,319 13,599 13,604 13,662

Other services

4,679 4,715 4,709 4,716

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

41.2 41.1 41.2 41.1

Mining and logging

45.2 45.0 45.7 44.3

Construction

39.8 39.7 39.6 39.7

Manufacturing

41.8 41.8 41.8 41.7

Durable goods

42.1 42.2 42.3 42.1

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.1 41.1 41.1

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.6 33.6 33.5 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.7 38.5 38.6

Retail trade

30.0 29.8 29.8 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.9 38.9 39.0

Utilities

41.8 42.2 42.1 42.3

Information

35.6 35.5 35.6 35.5

Financial activities

37.0 37.1 36.9 37.0

Professional and business services

35.4 35.4 35.4 35.4

Education and health services

32.0 32.2 32.2 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 24.9 24.9 24.9

Other services

30.6 30.9 30.8 30.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.4 4.3 4.2 4.2

Durable goods

4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.4 4.1 4.0 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)

Total private

$21.00 $21.46 $21.47 $21.51 $705.60 $721.06 $721.39 $722.74

Goods-producing

21.98 22.47 22.52 22.55 905.58 923.52 927.82 926.81

Mining and logging

26.34 27.09 27.11 27.26 1,190.57 1,219.05 1,238.93 1,207.62

Construction

25.29 25.71 25.83 25.97 1,006.54 1,020.69 1,022.87 1,031.01

Manufacturing

19.89 20.39 20.41 20.39 831.40 852.30 853.14 850.26

Durable goods

20.97 21.44 21.43 21.39 882.84 904.77 906.49 900.52

Nondurable goods

18.12 18.67 18.75 18.77 746.54 767.34 770.63 771.45

Private service-providing

20.79 21.25 21.26 21.29 673.60 688.50 688.82 689.80

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.59 18.96 18.95 18.99 624.62 637.06 634.83 638.06

Wholesale trade

23.52 24.10 24.19 24.18 905.52 932.67 931.32 933.35

Retail trade

14.79 15.03 15.04 15.01 443.70 447.89 448.19 448.80

Transportation and warehousing

20.69 20.96 20.88 21.07 798.63 815.34 812.23 821.73

Utilities

33.86 35.20 35.00 35.69 1,415.35 1,485.44 1,473.50 1,509.69

Information

28.95 29.82 29.91 30.09 1,030.62 1,058.61 1,064.80 1,068.20

Financial activities

25.29 26.13 26.09 26.15 935.73 969.42 962.72 967.55

Professional and business services

24.74 25.27 25.32 25.38 875.80 894.56 896.33 898.45

Education and health services

22.10 22.42 22.42 22.40 707.20 721.92 721.92 721.28

Leisure and hospitality

12.34 12.78 12.81 12.83 309.73 318.22 318.97 319.47

Other services

19.02 19.16 19.18 19.17 582.01 592.04 590.74 592.35

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
Percent change from:
May
2016 - June
2016(p)
June
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016(p)
June
2016(p)
Percent change from:
May
2016 - June
2016(p)

Total private

110.5 112.3 112.3 112.5 0.2 155.1 161.0 161.1 161.7 0.4

Goods-producing

88.9 88.9 88.9 88.7 -0.2 119.6 122.4 122.6 122.4 -0.2

Mining and logging

144.1 119.8 119.5 114.2 -4.4 220.8 188.8 188.4 181.0 -3.9

Construction

96.4 99.9 99.4 99.5 0.1 131.7 138.7 138.7 139.5 0.6

Manufacturing

83.3 82.9 82.6 82.6 0.0 108.3 110.5 110.3 110.1 -0.2

Durable goods

84.7 84.1 84.0 83.6 -0.5 110.9 112.5 112.3 111.6 -0.6

Nondurable goods

80.7 80.7 80.6 81.0 0.5 103.4 106.5 106.8 107.4 0.6

Private service-providing

116.8 118.8 118.9 119.2 0.3 166.5 173.2 173.3 174.0 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

106.1 107.4 107.1 107.5 0.4 140.7 145.3 144.7 145.6 0.6

Wholesale trade

106.8 108.0 107.4 107.8 0.4 148.0 153.4 153.1 153.5 0.3

Retail trade

101.0 102.0 102.0 102.4 0.4 128.0 131.4 131.4 131.7 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

121.7 123.6 123.7 123.9 0.2 159.7 164.3 163.8 165.7 1.2

Utilities

95.6 97.5 96.8 98.0 1.2 135.1 143.3 141.4 146.0 3.3

Information

90.4 91.0 89.7 90.8 1.2 129.6 134.3 132.8 135.3 1.9

Financial activities

109.3 111.6 111.2 111.8 0.5 170.0 179.4 178.5 179.8 0.7

Professional and business services

128.1 130.5 130.6 130.9 0.2 188.6 196.2 196.8 197.7 0.5

Education and health services

131.9 135.9 136.2 136.7 0.4 192.4 201.1 201.6 202.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

122.5 124.0 124.1 124.6 0.4 171.6 180.0 180.5 181.6 0.6

Other services

100.4 102.2 101.7 102.2 0.5 139.2 142.6 142.1 142.7 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2015 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: July 08, 2016