Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-14-1243
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, July 3, 2014

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 288,000 in June, and the unemployment 
rate declined to 6.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Job gains were widespread, led by employment growth in professional and business
services, retail trade, food services and drinking places, and health care.

Household Survey Data

In June, the unemployment rate declined by 0.2 percentage point to 6.1 percent. The 
number of unemployed persons decreased by 325,000 to 9.5 million. Over the year, the 
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.4 percentage 
points and 2.3 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult women (5.3 percent) 
and blacks (10.7 percent) declined in June, and the rate increased for teenagers 
(21.0 percent). The rates for adult men (5.7 percent), whites (5.3 percent), and 
Hispanics (7.8 percent) showed little change. The jobless rate for Asians was 5.1 
percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year earlier. (See tables 
A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) declined by 
293,000 in June to 3.1 million; these individuals accounted for 32.8 percent of the 
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has decreased 
by 1.2 million. (See table A-12.)

In June, the civilian labor force participation rate was 62.8 percent for the third 
consecutive month. The employment-population ratio, at 59.0 percent, showed little 
change over the month but is up by 0.3 percentage point over the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 275,000 in June to 7.5 million. 
The number of involuntary part-time workers is down over the year but has shown no 
clear trend in recent months. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See 
table A-8.)

In June, 2.0 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 
554,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals 
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for 
a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because 
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 676,000 discouraged workers in June, a 
decrease of 351,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) 
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe 
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached 
to the labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as school 
attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 288,000 in June. Over the past 3 months, 
job growth has averaged 272,000 per month. In June, employment growth was widespread, 
led by gains in professional and business services, retail trade, food services and 
drinking places, and health care. (See table B-1.)

Employment in professional and business services rose by 67,000 in June and had 
averaged 53,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In June, employment within the 
industry increased in management and technical consulting services (+8,000), 
architectural and engineering services (+7,000), and computer systems design and 
related services (+7,000). Employment continued to trend up in temporary help 
services.

Retail trade employment increased by 40,000 in June. Over the prior 12 months, 
employment in this industry had grown by an average of 26,000 per month. In June, 
job growth in the industry occurred in motor vehicle and parts dealers (+12,000), 
building material and garden supply stores (+8,000), and electronics and appliance 
stores (+7,000). 

Employment in food services and drinking places rose by 33,000 in June and has 
increased by 314,000 over the past year.

Health care employment increased by 21,000 in June, about in line with the prior 12-
month average gain of 18,000 per month. Within health care, employment continued to 
trend up in ambulatory health care services (+13,000) and in nursing and residential 
care facilities (+6,000).
 
Transportation and warehousing employment increased by 17,000 in June. Over the prior 
12 months, this industry had added an average of 11,000 jobs per month. In June, 
couriers and messengers added 6,000 jobs.

Financial activities added 17,000 jobs in June, with a gain of 9,000 in insurance 
carriers and related activities. Employment in real estate and rental and leasing 
continued to trend up in June (+9,000). Financial activities had added an average of 
5,000 jobs per month over the prior 12 months. 

Manufacturing added 16,000 jobs in June, with all of the increase in durable goods 
manufacturing. Within durable goods, employment increased in motor vehicles and parts 
(+6,000) and in computer and peripheral equipment (+3,000).

Wholesale trade added 15,000 jobs over the month and has added 140,000 jobs over the 
year. 

Employment changed little over the month in other major industries, including mining 
and logging, construction, information, and government.

In June, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.5 
hours for the fourth straight month. Both the manufacturing workweek, at 41.1 hours, 
and factory overtime, at 3.5 hours, were unchanged in June. The average workweek for 
production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours 
for the fourth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose 
by 6 cents to $24.45, following a 6-cent increase in May. Over the past 12 months, 
average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0 percent. In June, average hourly earnings 
of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased by 4 cents to 
$20.58. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised from +282,000 
to +304,000, and the change for May was revised from +217,000 to +224,000. With 
these revisions, employment gains in April and May were 29,000 higher than previously 
reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 1, 
2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


         ----------------------------------------------------------------------
        |                                                                      |
        |          Upcoming Changes to the Establishment Survey Data           |
        |                                                                      |
        | Effective with the release of July 2014 data on August 1, 2014, the  |
        | establishment survey will implement new sample units into production |
        | on a quarterly basis, replacing the current practice of implementing |
        | new sample units annually. There is no change to the establishment   |
        | survey sample design. More information about the quarterly sample    |
        | implementation is available at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm.           |
        |                                                                      |
         ----------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
Change from:
May
2014-
June
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,552 247,439 247,622 247,814 192

Civilian labor force

155,822 155,421 155,613 155,694 81

Participation rate

63.5 62.8 62.8 62.8 0.0

Employed

144,075 145,669 145,814 146,221 407

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.9 58.9 59.0 0.1

Unemployed

11,747 9,753 9,799 9,474 -325

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.3 6.3 6.1 -0.2

Not in labor force

89,730 92,018 92,009 92,120 111

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.5 6.3 6.3 6.1 -0.2

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.0 5.9 5.9 5.7 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.8 5.7 5.7 5.3 -0.4

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.8 19.1 19.2 21.0 1.8

White

6.6 5.3 5.4 5.3 -0.1

Black or African American

13.5 11.6 11.5 10.7 -0.8

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.0 5.7 5.3 5.1 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.1 7.3 7.7 7.8 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

6.2 5.2 5.2 5.0 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

10.7 8.9 9.1 9.1 0.0

High school graduates, no college

7.6 6.3 6.5 5.8 -0.7

Some college or associate degree

6.3 5.7 5.5 5.0 -0.5

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.9 3.3 3.2 3.3 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,089 5,236 5,018 4,862 -156

Job leavers

1,034 784 875 854 -21

Reentrants

3,240 2,620 2,857 2,707 -150

New entrants

1,250 1,043 1,062 1,064 2

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,665 2,447 2,559 2,410 -149

5 to 14 weeks

2,848 2,359 2,390 2,416 26

15 to 26 weeks

1,892 1,533 1,441 1,472 31

27 weeks and over

4,325 3,452 3,374 3,081 -293

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,194 7,465 7,269 7,544 275

Slack work or business conditions

5,193 4,555 4,453 4,525 72

Could only find part-time work

2,635 2,669 2,537 2,648 111

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,032 18,886 19,040 19,880 840

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,582 2,160 2,130 2,028 -

Discouraged workers

1,027 783 697 676 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

201 304 224 288

Total private

201 278 224 262

Goods-producing

13 50 22 26

Mining and logging

3 5 2 4

Construction

13 36 9 6

Manufacturing

-3 9 11 16

Durable goods(1)

1 10 17 17

Motor vehicles and parts

5.8 1.5 5.9 5.9

Nondurable goods

-4 -1 -6 -1

Private service-providing(1)

188 228 202 236

Wholesale trade

5.7 15.9 9.0 15.1

Retail trade

38.7 43.0 10.5 40.2

Transportation and warehousing

5.8 12.0 18.8 16.6

Information

-1 1 -12 9

Financial activities

13 9 8 17

Professional and business services(1)

59 72 58 67

Temporary help services

18.3 15.1 15.5 10.1

Education and health services(1)

15 32 62 38

Health care and social assistance

27.3 26.3 58.8 33.7

Leisure and hospitality

51 32 45 39

Other services

0 12 3 -6

Government

0 26 0 26

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.0 48.0 48.0 48.0

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.7 82.7 82.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.98 $24.33 $24.39 $24.45

Average weekly earnings

$827.31 $839.39 $841.46 $843.53

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

98.7 100.4 100.6 100.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

112.9 116.6 117.1 117.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.3 0.4 0.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$20.12 $20.50 $20.54 $20.58

Average weekly earnings

$678.04 $690.85 $692.20 $693.55

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

106.1 108.1 108.3 108.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

142.7 148.0 148.6 149.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

58.7 65.2 62.9 64.8

Manufacturing (81 industries)

48.1 54.9 63.6 61.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,552 247,622 247,814 245,552 247,085 247,258 247,439 247,622 247,814

Civilian labor force

157,089 155,841 156,997 155,822 155,724 156,227 155,421 155,613 155,694

Participation rate

64.0 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.0 63.2 62.8 62.8 62.8

Employed

144,841 146,398 147,104 144,075 145,266 145,742 145,669 145,814 146,221

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.1 59.4 58.7 58.8 58.9 58.9 58.9 59.0

Unemployed

12,248 9,443 9,893 11,747 10,459 10,486 9,753 9,799 9,474

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.1 6.3 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1

Not in labor force

88,463 91,782 90,817 89,730 91,361 91,030 92,018 92,009 92,120

Persons who currently want a job

7,152 7,031 6,694 6,511 6,060 6,146 6,146 6,438 6,115

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,490 119,582 119,680 118,490 119,306 119,395 119,488 119,582 119,680

Civilian labor force

83,837 82,723 83,850 82,858 82,597 83,052 82,586 82,590 82,860

Participation rate

70.8 69.2 70.1 69.9 69.2 69.6 69.1 69.1 69.2

Employed

77,277 77,619 78,541 76,437 76,808 77,416 77,292 77,310 77,653

Employment-population ratio

65.2 64.9 65.6 64.5 64.4 64.8 64.7 64.7 64.9

Unemployed

6,560 5,104 5,310 6,422 5,789 5,636 5,294 5,280 5,207

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.2 6.3 7.8 7.0 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.3

Not in labor force

34,654 36,859 35,830 35,632 36,709 36,343 36,902 36,992 36,821

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

109,943 111,126 111,230 109,943 110,838 110,930 111,027 111,126 111,230

Civilian labor force

80,186 80,020 80,458 79,855 79,917 80,171 79,851 79,830 80,068

Participation rate

72.9 72.0 72.3 72.6 72.1 72.3 71.9 71.8 72.0

Employed

74,717 75,459 76,018 74,265 74,780 75,230 75,134 75,127 75,510

Employment-population ratio

68.0 67.9 68.3 67.5 67.5 67.8 67.7 67.6 67.9

Unemployed

5,469 4,562 4,440 5,590 5,137 4,941 4,718 4,703 4,558

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.7 5.5 7.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7

Not in labor force

29,757 31,106 30,772 30,088 30,921 30,760 31,176 31,296 31,162

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,062 128,040 128,133 127,062 127,779 127,863 127,951 128,040 128,133

Civilian labor force

73,253 73,118 73,147 72,964 73,128 73,175 72,835 73,023 72,835

Participation rate

57.7 57.1 57.1 57.4 57.2 57.2 56.9 57.0 56.8

Employed

67,565 68,779 68,563 67,638 68,458 68,325 68,376 68,504 68,568

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.7 53.5 53.2 53.6 53.4 53.4 53.5 53.5

Unemployed

5,688 4,339 4,584 5,325 4,670 4,850 4,459 4,519 4,267

Unemployment rate

7.8 5.9 6.3 7.3 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9

Not in labor force

53,809 54,923 54,987 54,098 54,652 54,688 55,116 55,017 55,299

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,804 119,852 119,948 118,804 119,583 119,669 119,760 119,852 119,948

Civilian labor force

69,899 70,274 69,795 70,099 70,331 70,361 70,037 70,153 69,987

Participation rate

58.8 58.6 58.2 59.0 58.8 58.8 58.5 58.5 58.3

Employed

64,981 66,466 65,952 65,340 66,183 66,008 66,057 66,137 66,254

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.5 55.0 55.0 55.3 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

4,918 3,809 3,843 4,760 4,148 4,352 3,980 4,016 3,733

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.4 5.5 6.8 5.9 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3

Not in labor force

48,905 49,577 50,152 48,705 49,252 49,309 49,724 49,699 49,961

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,805 16,644 16,636 16,805 16,664 16,658 16,652 16,644 16,636

Civilian labor force

7,004 5,546 6,744 5,868 5,476 5,696 5,534 5,630 5,640

Participation rate

41.7 33.3 40.5 34.9 32.9 34.2 33.2 33.8 33.9

Employed

5,143 4,473 5,134 4,470 4,303 4,503 4,479 4,550 4,457

Employment-population ratio

30.6 26.9 30.9 26.6 25.8 27.0 26.9 27.3 26.8

Unemployed

1,860 1,072 1,610 1,398 1,173 1,193 1,055 1,080 1,183

Unemployment rate

26.6 19.3 23.9 23.8 21.4 20.9 19.1 19.2 21.0

Not in labor force

9,801 11,098 9,892 10,937 11,188 10,962 11,119 11,014 10,996

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,254 195,310 195,416 194,254 195,029 195,117 195,210 195,310 195,416

Civilian labor force

124,627 123,443 124,241 123,752 123,641 123,763 123,111 123,287 123,379

Participation rate

64.2 63.2 63.6 63.7 63.4 63.4 63.1 63.1 63.1

Employed

116,132 117,029 117,383 115,557 116,447 116,581 116,601 116,669 116,778

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.9 60.1 59.5 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.8

Unemployed

8,495 6,414 6,858 8,195 7,193 7,183 6,510 6,618 6,600

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.2 5.5 6.6 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.3

Not in labor force

69,628 71,867 71,175 70,502 71,388 71,353 72,099 72,022 72,037

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,843 64,482 64,697 64,617 64,594 64,724 64,445 64,343 64,435

Participation rate

73.3 72.4 72.6 73.1 72.6 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.3

Employed

60,951 61,389 61,652 60,619 61,020 61,282 61,182 61,129 61,291

Employment-population ratio

68.9 68.9 69.2 68.6 68.6 68.9 68.7 68.6 68.8

Unemployed

3,892 3,094 3,045 3,998 3,574 3,441 3,264 3,214 3,144

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.8 4.7 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,239 54,599 54,194 54,475 54,635 54,509 54,277 54,520 54,454

Participation rate

58.1 58.2 57.7 58.4 58.3 58.1 57.9 58.1 58.0

Employed

50,893 52,043 51,523 51,226 51,822 51,597 51,730 51,864 51,847

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.5 54.9 54.9 55.3 55.0 55.2 55.3 55.2

Unemployed

3,346 2,556 2,671 3,250 2,813 2,911 2,547 2,656 2,606

Unemployment rate

6.2 4.7 4.9 6.0 5.1 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,545 4,361 5,350 4,659 4,412 4,531 4,389 4,425 4,490

Participation rate

44.3 35.2 43.2 37.2 35.6 36.5 35.4 35.7 36.3

Employed

4,289 3,598 4,208 3,712 3,606 3,701 3,690 3,676 3,640

Employment-population ratio

34.3 29.0 34.0 29.7 29.1 29.9 29.8 29.7 29.4

Unemployed

1,256 763 1,143 947 807 830 699 749 850

Unemployment rate

22.7 17.5 21.4 20.3 18.3 18.3 15.9 16.9 18.9

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,355 30,787 30,821 30,355 30,685 30,719 30,755 30,787 30,821

Civilian labor force

18,852 18,717 18,992 18,611 18,654 18,756 18,720 18,715 18,791

Participation rate

62.1 60.8 61.6 61.3 60.8 61.1 60.9 60.8 61.0

Employed

16,154 16,618 16,885 16,090 16,416 16,437 16,556 16,564 16,784

Employment-population ratio

53.2 54.0 54.8 53.0 53.5 53.5 53.8 53.8 54.5

Unemployed

2,698 2,099 2,107 2,521 2,237 2,319 2,164 2,151 2,007

Unemployment rate

14.3 11.2 11.1 13.5 12.0 12.4 11.6 11.5 10.7

Not in labor force

11,502 12,070 11,829 11,744 12,031 11,963 12,035 12,072 12,029

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,411 8,516 8,674 8,354 8,430 8,496 8,435 8,496 8,592

Participation rate

67.5 66.9 68.1 67.1 66.6 67.0 66.4 66.8 67.5

Employed

7,331 7,516 7,752 7,272 7,345 7,470 7,522 7,519 7,660

Employment-population ratio

58.9 59.1 60.9 58.4 58.0 58.9 59.2 59.1 60.1

Unemployed

1,079 1,000 922 1,082 1,085 1,026 913 977 932

Unemployment rate

12.8 11.7 10.6 13.0 12.9 12.1 10.8 11.5 10.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,551 9,504 9,563 9,537 9,594 9,614 9,583 9,521 9,566

Participation rate

62.3 61.1 61.4 62.2 61.9 62.0 61.7 61.2 61.4

Employed

8,365 8,619 8,670 8,409 8,646 8,554 8,590 8,564 8,702

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.4 55.7 54.9 55.8 55.1 55.3 55.1 55.9

Unemployed

1,186 885 893 1,128 948 1,060 993 957 864

Unemployment rate

12.4 9.3 9.3 11.8 9.9 11.0 10.4 10.0 9.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

891 696 755 720 630 646 701 698 632

Participation rate

34.7 27.7 30.1 28.0 24.9 25.6 27.9 27.8 25.2

Employed

458 483 463 409 425 413 443 481 421

Employment-population ratio

17.8 19.2 18.4 15.9 16.9 16.4 17.6 19.1 16.8

Unemployed

433 214 292 311 204 233 258 217 211

Unemployment rate

48.6 30.7 38.7 43.2 32.4 36.1 36.8 31.1 33.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,291 13,771 13,807 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,737 8,755 8,746 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.7 63.6 63.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,302 8,287 8,301 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

62.5 60.2 60.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

435 467 445 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.0 5.3 5.1 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,554 5,016 5,061 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,471 38,277 38,352 37,471 38,053 38,126 38,203 38,277 38,352

Civilian labor force

24,975 25,183 25,577 24,849 25,061 25,266 25,055 25,108 25,409

Participation rate

66.7 65.8 66.7 66.3 65.9 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.3

Employed

22,698 23,360 23,589 22,579 23,021 23,264 23,232 23,162 23,433

Employment-population ratio

60.6 61.0 61.5 60.3 60.5 61.0 60.8 60.5 61.1

Unemployed

2,277 1,823 1,988 2,270 2,040 2,002 1,824 1,946 1,976

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.2 7.8 9.1 8.1 7.9 7.3 7.7 7.8

Not in labor force

12,495 13,093 12,775 12,622 12,992 12,859 13,148 13,169 12,943

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,768 13,965 14,127 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.4 80.7 81.4 - - - - - -

Employed

12,731 13,100 13,229 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

75.3 75.7 76.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,036 865 898 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.2 6.4 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,914 10,172 10,193 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.6 58.8 58.8 - - - - - -

Employed

9,057 9,404 9,458 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.5 54.3 54.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

857 767 735 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.6 7.5 7.2 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,293 1,047 1,257 - - - - - -

Participation rate

35.4 28.6 34.4 - - - - - -

Employed

910 856 902 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

24.9 23.4 24.6 - - - - - -

Unemployed

383 191 355 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

29.6 18.2 28.3 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,414 11,131 10,673 11,136 11,154 11,199 10,891 10,861 10,451

Participation rate

45.5 45.3 44.3 44.4 46.2 45.9 44.6 44.2 43.3

Employed

10,312 10,181 9,795 9,948 10,056 10,128 9,925 9,869 9,497

Employment-population ratio

41.1 41.5 40.6 39.7 41.7 41.5 40.7 40.2 39.4

Unemployed

1,102 950 878 1,188 1,098 1,071 965 993 954

Unemployment rate

9.7 8.5 8.2 10.7 9.8 9.6 8.9 9.1 9.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,324 36,302 36,137 36,408 36,108 36,392 36,089 36,096 36,112

Participation rate

59.1 58.2 57.9 59.3 58.5 58.8 58.0 57.9 57.8

Employed

33,681 34,091 34,130 33,651 33,792 34,106 33,830 33,750 34,001

Employment-population ratio

54.8 54.7 54.7 54.8 54.7 55.1 54.3 54.1 54.5

Unemployed

2,643 2,211 2,007 2,757 2,316 2,286 2,258 2,346 2,112

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.1 5.6 7.6 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.5 5.8

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,943 37,001 37,290 37,338 37,169 37,158 37,364 37,178 37,476

Participation rate

67.4 66.8 67.2 68.1 66.9 67.1 67.3 67.2 67.6

Employed

34,561 35,037 35,393 34,981 34,876 34,904 35,218 35,131 35,598

Employment-population ratio

63.1 63.3 63.8 63.8 62.8 63.0 63.4 63.5 64.2

Unemployed

2,382 1,964 1,896 2,356 2,293 2,254 2,146 2,047 1,878

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.3 5.1 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

49,086 50,248 50,047 49,391 50,240 49,908 49,934 50,208 50,383

Participation rate

75.1 75.4 74.7 75.5 75.2 74.7 75.1 75.4 75.2

Employed

47,163 48,760 48,364 47,486 48,543 48,198 48,279 48,611 48,728

Employment-population ratio

72.1 73.2 72.1 72.6 72.6 72.2 72.6 73.0 72.7

Unemployed

1,923 1,487 1,683 1,904 1,697 1,711 1,655 1,596 1,654

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.0 3.4 3.9 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,412 21,181 19,188 18,930 2,224 2,251

Civilian labor force

10,950 10,621 9,532 9,245 1,418 1,377

Participation rate

51.1 50.1 49.7 48.8 63.8 61.2

Employed

10,264 10,043 8,952 8,771 1,311 1,273

Employment-population ratio

47.9 47.4 46.7 46.3 59.0 56.5

Unemployed

687 578 579 474 107 104

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.4 6.1 5.1 7.6 7.5

Not in labor force

10,462 10,560 9,656 9,685 806 874

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,790 3,093 2,232 2,461 558 632

Civilian labor force

2,223 2,492 1,825 2,061 398 432

Participation rate

79.7 80.6 81.7 83.7 71.4 68.3

Employed

2,063 2,317 1,700 1,930 363 387

Employment-population ratio

73.9 74.9 76.2 78.4 65.0 61.2

Unemployed

160 175 125 131 36 44

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.0 6.8 6.3 8.9 10.3

Not in labor force

567 601 408 400 160 201

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,266 3,380 2,627 2,712 639 668

Civilian labor force

2,658 2,797 2,164 2,280 494 518

Participation rate

81.4 82.8 82.4 84.1 77.3 77.6

Employed

2,527 2,670 2,056 2,192 471 478

Employment-population ratio

77.4 79.0 78.3 80.8 73.6 71.5

Unemployed

131 127 107 87 23 40

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.6 5.0 3.8 4.7 7.8

Not in labor force

609 582 463 432 145 150

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,829 9,399 9,459 9,046 370 353

Civilian labor force

3,010 2,623 2,899 2,519 111 104

Participation rate

30.6 27.9 30.7 27.8 29.9 29.4

Employed

2,828 2,489 2,725 2,397 103 92

Employment-population ratio

28.8 26.5 28.8 26.5 27.8 26.2

Unemployed

183 133 175 122 8 11

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.1 6.0 4.8 7.1 10.9

Not in labor force

6,819 6,776 6,559 6,527 259 249

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,526 5,309 4,870 4,711 656 598

Civilian labor force

3,059 2,709 2,644 2,386 415 323

Participation rate

55.4 51.0 54.3 50.6 63.2 54.1

Employed

2,846 2,567 2,471 2,252 375 315

Employment-population ratio

51.5 48.4 50.7 47.8 57.1 52.7

Unemployed

213 142 173 134 40 8

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.2 6.5 5.6 9.7 2.4

Not in labor force

2,467 2,600 2,226 2,325 241 275

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,434 217,844 94,854 96,293 120,580 121,550

Civilian labor force

143,662 144,013 72,989 73,460 70,673 70,553

Participation rate

66.7 66.1 76.9 76.3 58.6 58.0

Employed

132,902 135,399 67,492 69,006 65,409 66,393

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.2 71.2 71.7 54.2 54.6

Unemployed

10,760 8,614 5,497 4,453 5,263 4,161

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.0 7.5 6.1 7.4 5.9

Not in labor force

71,772 73,831 21,864 22,834 49,907 50,997

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,491 29,014 217,061 218,800

Civilian labor force

5,768 5,604 151,321 151,394

Participation rate

20.2 19.3 69.7 69.2

Employed

4,950 4,883 139,891 142,221

Employment-population ratio

17.4 16.8 64.4 65.0

Unemployed

818 721 11,430 9,173

Unemployment rate

14.2 12.9 7.6 6.1

Not in labor force

22,724 23,410 65,739 67,406

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,570 2,526 76,761 76,781

Participation rate

34.4 32.7 83.5 83.4

Employed

2,204 2,140 70,795 72,072

Employment-population ratio

29.5 27.7 77.0 78.3

Unemployed

366 387 5,965 4,709

Unemployment rate

14.2 15.3 7.8 6.1

Not in labor force

4,907 5,208 15,132 15,234

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,242 2,071 67,389 67,409

Participation rate

28.5 27.0 70.9 70.6

Employed

1,846 1,794 62,323 63,274

Employment-population ratio

23.4 23.4 65.6 66.2

Unemployed

397 277 5,065 4,135

Unemployment rate

17.7 13.4 7.5 6.1

Not in labor force

5,630 5,592 27,614 28,118

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

956 1,007 7,172 7,204

Participation rate

7.3 7.4 23.8 23.0

Employed

901 949 6,773 6,875

Employment-population ratio

6.9 7.0 22.5 22.0

Unemployed

55 57 399 329

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.7 5.6 4.6

Not in labor force

12,186 12,610 22,993 24,054

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,658 38,787 18,371 18,726 19,286 20,061

Civilian labor force

25,305 25,389 14,692 14,692 10,612 10,697

Participation rate

67.2 65.5 80.0 78.5 55.0 53.3

Employed

23,670 24,039 13,809 13,975 9,861 10,064

Employment-population ratio

62.9 62.0 75.2 74.6 51.1 50.2

Unemployed

1,635 1,350 883 717 751 633

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.3 6.0 4.9 7.1 5.9

Not in labor force

12,353 13,398 3,679 4,034 8,674 9,364

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,894 209,027 100,119 100,954 107,775 108,073

Civilian labor force

131,785 131,608 69,144 69,158 62,640 62,450

Participation rate

63.4 63.0 69.1 68.5 58.1 57.8

Employed

121,172 123,065 63,468 64,566 57,704 58,499

Employment-population ratio

58.3 58.9 63.4 64.0 53.5 54.1

Unemployed

10,613 8,543 5,676 4,592 4,936 3,951

Unemployment rate

8.1 6.5 8.2 6.6 7.9 6.3

Not in labor force

76,110 77,419 30,975 31,796 45,135 45,623

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,234 2,101 2,288 2,091 2,150 2,148 2,161 2,045 2,138

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,380 1,312 1,494 1,282 1,373 1,375 1,382 1,273 1,379

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

836 767 769 793 768 743 767 738 734

Unpaid family workers

18 22 25 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,607 144,297 144,815 142,021 143,132 143,543 143,531 143,843 144,159

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,652 135,781 136,186 133,245 134,428 134,745 134,860 135,355 135,687

Government

19,719 20,247 19,891 20,166 20,192 20,401 20,320 20,051 20,357

Private industries

113,932 115,534 116,294 113,072 114,177 114,327 114,532 115,257 115,294

Private households

702 867 859 - - - - - -

Other industries

113,230 114,667 115,435 112,456 113,317 113,444 113,643 114,460 114,487

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,885 8,432 8,571 8,654 8,697 8,674 8,559 8,375 8,370

Unpaid family workers

71 84 59 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,440 6,960 7,805 8,194 7,186 7,411 7,465 7,269 7,544

Slack work or business conditions

5,222 4,177 4,598 5,193 4,251 4,512 4,555 4,453 4,525

Could only find part-time work

2,748 2,519 2,793 2,635 2,692 2,731 2,669 2,537 2,648

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,931 19,410 18,825 19,032 19,027 19,216 18,886 19,040 19,880

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,328 6,917 7,706 8,073 7,071 7,324 7,333 7,199 7,436

Slack work or business conditions

5,150 4,144 4,552 5,113 4,208 4,454 4,487 4,407 4,474

Could only find part-time work

2,717 2,510 2,761 2,625 2,653 2,697 2,623 2,530 2,637

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,644 19,117 18,526 18,705 18,672 18,903 18,603 18,727 19,533

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

144,841 146,398 147,104 144,075 145,266 145,742 145,669 145,814 146,221

16 to 19 years

5,143 4,473 5,134 4,470 4,303 4,503 4,479 4,550 4,457

16 to 17 years

1,676 1,413 1,661 1,454 1,512 1,591 1,472 1,494 1,451

18 to 19 years

3,467 3,060 3,473 3,022 2,830 2,922 3,016 3,052 3,010

20 years and over

139,698 141,924 141,970 139,605 140,963 141,238 141,190 141,264 141,763

20 to 24 years

13,981 13,855 14,288 13,639 13,704 13,905 13,879 13,952 13,933

25 years and over

125,717 128,069 127,682 125,957 127,260 127,246 127,211 127,277 127,810

25 to 54 years

94,390 95,510 95,556 94,450 95,241 95,360 95,151 95,041 95,507

25 to 34 years

31,206 31,839 31,937 31,215 31,883 31,849 31,713 31,699 31,923

35 to 44 years

30,523 30,978 30,882 30,585 31,007 30,960 30,905 30,840 30,940

45 to 54 years

32,661 32,692 32,736 32,651 32,351 32,552 32,533 32,503 32,643

55 years and over

31,326 32,559 32,126 31,507 32,019 31,886 32,060 32,236 32,303

Men, 16 years and over

77,277 77,619 78,541 76,437 76,808 77,416 77,292 77,310 77,653

16 to 19 years

2,560 2,160 2,523 2,172 2,028 2,186 2,159 2,183 2,143

16 to 17 years

832 656 764 698 673 706 644 689 648

18 to 19 years

1,728 1,504 1,759 1,487 1,375 1,481 1,516 1,492 1,500

20 years and over

74,717 75,459 76,018 74,265 74,780 75,230 75,134 75,127 75,510

20 to 24 years

7,193 7,155 7,460 6,967 7,005 7,223 7,206 7,194 7,227

25 years and over

67,524 68,303 68,558 67,303 67,731 67,961 67,875 67,915 68,263

25 to 54 years

50,878 51,105 51,442 50,646 50,810 51,101 50,909 50,837 51,146

25 to 34 years

16,987 17,166 17,416 16,929 17,218 17,340 17,185 17,110 17,322

35 to 44 years

16,607 16,762 16,775 16,600 16,613 16,706 16,657 16,676 16,762

45 to 54 years

17,284 17,177 17,251 17,117 16,980 17,055 17,066 17,052 17,062

55 years and over

16,646 17,199 17,116 16,657 16,921 16,860 16,966 17,079 17,117

Women, 16 years and over

67,565 68,779 68,563 67,638 68,458 68,325 68,376 68,504 68,568

16 to 19 years

2,584 2,313 2,611 2,299 2,275 2,317 2,320 2,367 2,314

16 to 17 years

844 757 898 757 839 885 828 805 803

18 to 19 years

1,739 1,556 1,714 1,535 1,455 1,441 1,500 1,560 1,510

20 years and over

64,981 66,466 65,952 65,340 66,183 66,008 66,057 66,137 66,254

20 to 24 years

6,789 6,700 6,828 6,672 6,700 6,683 6,672 6,758 6,706

25 years and over

58,192 59,766 59,124 58,655 59,529 59,285 59,336 59,362 59,547

25 to 54 years

43,512 44,405 44,114 43,804 44,431 44,259 44,242 44,205 44,361

25 to 34 years

14,220 14,673 14,521 14,286 14,665 14,509 14,528 14,589 14,601

35 to 44 years

13,915 14,216 14,107 13,985 14,395 14,254 14,247 14,164 14,178

45 to 54 years

15,377 15,516 15,486 15,533 15,371 15,497 15,466 15,451 15,582

55 years and over

14,680 15,361 15,010 14,851 15,098 15,026 15,094 15,157 15,186

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,923 44,776 44,478 43,963 44,292 44,483 44,525 44,608 44,508

Married women, spouse present

34,276 34,855 34,380 34,647 34,619 34,779 34,813 34,716 34,728

Women who maintain families

9,348 9,563 9,572 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

117,400 119,179 119,472 116,087 117,819 118,003 118,415 118,727 118,204

Part-time workers(2)

27,442 27,219 27,631 28,008 27,330 27,695 27,297 27,219 28,018

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,990 7,305 6,960 7,044 6,960 6,998 7,093 7,113 7,031

Percent of total employed

4.8 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,170 5,396 5,302 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,720 9,199 9,340 9,448 9,465 9,417 9,326 9,113 9,104

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,747 9,799 9,474 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1

16 to 19 years

1,398 1,080 1,183 23.8 21.4 20.9 19.1 19.2 21.0

16 to 17 years

514 446 442 26.1 21.8 20.1 22.1 23.0 23.3

18 to 19 years

865 632 721 22.3 21.0 20.7 17.4 17.1 19.3

20 years and over

10,349 8,719 8,291 6.9 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.5

20 to 24 years

2,093 1,743 1,629 13.3 11.9 12.2 10.6 11.1 10.5

25 years and over

8,276 7,013 6,695 6.2 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.0

25 to 54 years

6,478 5,491 5,178 6.4 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.1

25 to 34 years

2,588 2,272 2,234 7.7 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.5

35 to 44 years

1,922 1,657 1,514 5.9 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.7

45 to 54 years

1,968 1,562 1,430 5.7 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.2

55 years and over

1,766 1,549 1,496 5.3 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4

Men, 16 years and over

6,422 5,280 5,207 7.8 7.0 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.3

16 to 19 years

832 577 649 27.7 24.3 24.1 21.1 20.9 23.2

16 to 17 years

304 230 235 30.4 25.0 25.2 26.8 25.0 26.6

18 to 19 years

515 341 402 25.7 24.2 23.0 18.0 18.6 21.1

20 years and over

5,590 4,703 4,558 7.0 6.4 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7

20 to 24 years

1,209 974 962 14.8 13.4 13.2 12.0 11.9 11.7

25 years and over

4,404 3,779 3,617 6.1 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.0

25 to 54 years

3,436 2,957 2,736 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.1

25 to 34 years

1,369 1,270 1,226 7.5 7.0 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.6

35 to 44 years

1,014 895 787 5.8 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.5

45 to 54 years

1,054 792 723 5.8 5.3 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.1

55 years and over

968 822 881 5.5 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.9

Women, 16 years and over

5,325 4,519 4,267 7.3 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9

16 to 19 years

566 503 534 19.7 18.7 17.7 17.1 17.5 18.7

16 to 17 years

209 216 207 21.7 19.1 15.4 18.0 21.2 20.5

18 to 19 years

350 290 319 18.6 17.6 18.3 16.7 15.7 17.5

20 years and over

4,760 4,016 3,733 6.8 5.9 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3

20 to 24 years

884 768 668 11.7 10.3 11.1 9.0 10.2 9.1

25 years and over

3,872 3,235 3,078 6.2 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.9

25 to 54 years

3,042 2,534 2,443 6.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.2

25 to 34 years

1,219 1,002 1,008 7.9 7.1 7.3 6.7 6.4 6.5

35 to 44 years

908 762 728 6.1 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9

45 to 54 years

914 770 706 5.6 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.3

55 years and over

815 724 647 5.2 4.5 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,001 1,544 1,572 4.4 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.4

Married women, spouse present

1,675 1,446 1,359 4.6 4.2 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,123 873 847 10.7 9.1 9.0 8.5 8.4 8.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,927 8,175 7,878 7.9 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.2

Part-time workers(3)

1,816 1,591 1,626 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.5

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,939 4,613 4,670 6,089 5,448 5,489 5,236 5,018 4,862

On temporary layoff

1,139 770 1,002 1,195 1,036 1,051 1,021 1,003 1,029

Not on temporary layoff

4,800 3,843 3,668 4,894 4,412 4,438 4,215 4,015 3,833

Permanent job losers

3,639 2,843 2,695 3,683 3,230 3,295 3,077 2,946 2,806

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,161 1,000 974 1,211 1,182 1,143 1,138 1,069 1,027

Job leavers

981 819 816 1,034 823 815 784 875 854

Reentrants

3,600 3,000 2,948 3,240 2,997 3,037 2,620 2,857 2,707

New entrants

1,728 1,009 1,459 1,250 1,229 1,169 1,043 1,062 1,064

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.5 48.9 47.2 52.4 51.9 52.2 54.1 51.1 51.2

On temporary layoff

9.3 8.2 10.1 10.3 9.9 10.0 10.5 10.2 10.8

Not on temporary layoff

39.2 40.7 37.1 42.1 42.0 42.2 43.5 40.9 40.4

Job leavers

8.0 8.7 8.3 8.9 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.9 9.0

Reentrants

29.4 31.8 29.8 27.9 28.5 28.9 27.1 29.1 28.5

New entrants

14.1 10.7 14.7 10.8 11.7 11.1 10.8 10.8 11.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.8 3.0 3.0 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5

Reentrants

2.3 1.9 1.9 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7

New entrants

1.1 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,569 2,617 3,239 2,665 2,373 2,461 2,447 2,559 2,410

5 to 14 weeks

2,592 1,928 2,207 2,848 2,568 2,581 2,359 2,390 2,416

15 weeks and over

6,086 4,898 4,448 6,218 5,464 5,417 4,985 4,814 4,553

15 to 26 weeks

1,841 1,532 1,443 1,892 1,615 1,677 1,533 1,441 1,472

27 weeks and over

4,245 3,366 3,005 4,325 3,849 3,739 3,452 3,374 3,081

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

34.1 35.9 31.4 35.7 37.1 35.6 35.1 34.5 33.5

Median duration, in weeks

14.3 15.9 11.3 16.2 16.4 16.3 16.0 14.6 13.1

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

29.1 27.7 32.7 22.7 22.8 23.5 25.0 26.2 25.7

5 to 14 weeks

21.2 20.4 22.3 24.3 24.7 24.7 24.1 24.5 25.8

15 weeks and over

49.7 51.9 45.0 53.0 52.5 51.8 50.9 49.3 48.5

15 to 26 weeks

15.0 16.2 14.6 16.1 15.5 16.0 15.7 14.8 15.7

27 weeks and over

34.7 35.6 30.4 36.9 37.0 35.8 35.3 34.6 32.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

144,841 147,104 12,248 9,893 7.8 6.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,323 55,714 2,358 2,001 4.2 3.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,019 23,351 843 661 3.5 2.8

Professional and related occupations

31,304 32,363 1,515 1,340 4.6 4.0

Service occupations

26,769 26,542 2,732 1,963 9.3 6.9

Sales and office occupations

33,224 33,460 2,444 2,065 6.9 5.8

Sales and related occupations

15,765 15,543 1,124 1,009 6.7 6.1

Office and administrative support occupations

17,459 17,917 1,321 1,056 7.0 5.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,532 13,764 1,327 1,078 8.9 7.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,069 1,157 92 79 7.9 6.4

Construction and extraction occupations

7,480 7,686 937 778 11.1 9.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,983 4,921 298 221 5.6 4.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,993 17,625 1,613 1,299 8.7 6.9

Production occupations

8,087 8,600 772 570 8.7 6.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,906 9,025 841 729 8.6 7.5

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,248 9,893 7.8 6.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,800 7,164 7.2 5.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

70 26 6.4 2.5

Construction

825 710 9.8 8.2

Manufacturing

989 695 6.4 4.4

Durable goods

569 396 5.9 4.0

Nondurable goods

420 299 7.1 5.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,415 1,174 7.0 5.8

Transportation and utilities

384 333 6.3 5.4

Information

164 150 5.6 5.2

Financial activities

441 419 4.7 4.4

Professional and business services

1,300 1,042 8.2 6.6

Education and health services

1,243 1,001 5.6 4.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,559 1,228 10.7 8.6

Other services

411 385 6.3 5.9

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

118 71 8.2 4.7

Government workers

1,086 745 5.2 3.6

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

517 454 5.0 4.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
May
2014
June
2014
June
2013
Feb.
2014
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.9 3.1 2.8 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.8 3.0 3.0 3.9 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.8 6.1 6.3 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.4 6.5 6.7 8.1 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.3 7.3 7.5 9.0 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.6 7.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.6 11.7 12.4 14.2 12.6 12.7 12.3 12.2 12.1

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014
June
2013
June
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,463 90,817 34,654 35,830 53,809 54,987

Persons who currently want a job

7,152 6,694 3,243 2,946 3,909 3,748

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,582 2,028 1,332 1,025 1,250 1,004

Discouraged workers(2)

1,027 676 595 385 431 291

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,555 1,353 737 640 818 713

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,990 6,960 3,640 3,503 3,350 3,456

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5 5.0 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,727 3,620 2,197 2,030 1,530 1,590

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,808 1,888 679 674 1,128 1,214

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

246 272 135 162 111 110

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,156 1,127 603 610 554 517

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
Change from:
May2014 - June2014(p)

Total nonfarm

137,195 138,265 139,179 139,761 136,285 138,268 138,492 138,780 288

Total private

115,401 115,958 116,918 117,896 114,433 116,386 116,610 116,872 262

Goods-producing

18,965 18,796 19,050 19,330 18,684 18,995 19,017 19,043 26

Mining and logging

873 892 900 917 864 901 903 907 4

Logging

52.9 50.8 52.4 55.3 52.6 54.4 54.1 54.9 0.8

Mining

820.3 841.4 847.9 861.3 811.4 846.7 848.6 852.3 3.7

Oil and gas extraction

197.3 207.1 209.8 212.8 196.0 207.9 210.2 211.5 1.3

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

216.8 210.3 214.0 218.0 210.4 212.4 211.5 211.6 0.1

Coal mining

80.4 78.1 78.5 79.4 79.4 78.4 78.2 78.6 0.4

Support activities for mining

406.2 424.0 424.1 430.5 405.0 426.4 426.9 429.2 2.3

Construction

6,018 5,869 6,054 6,210 5,829 6,000 6,009 6,015 6

Construction of buildings

1,308.2 1,315.5 1,342.1 1,381.2 1,281.7 1,347.1 1,347.9 1,354.5 6.6

Residential building

627.7 640.4 657.0 678.5 610.0 656.3 656.1 660.6 4.5

Nonresidential building

680.5 675.1 685.1 702.7 671.7 690.8 691.8 693.9 2.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

934.1 886.1 942.2 964.7 887.4 912.1 916.4 915.7 -0.7

Specialty trade contractors

3,775.7 3,667.7 3,770.0 3,864.5 3,660.0 3,741.2 3,744.5 3,745.2 0.7

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,611.2 1,566.6 1,618.6 1,669.3 1,550.0 1,600.2 1,603.6 1,605.7 2.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,164.5 2,101.1 2,151.4 2,195.2 2,110.0 2,141.0 2,140.9 2,139.5 -1.4

Manufacturing

12,074 12,035 12,096 12,203 11,991 12,094 12,105 12,121 16

Durable goods

7,586 7,602 7,647 7,712 7,532 7,623 7,640 7,657 17

Wood products

355.1 363.5 367.8 372.0 350.6 366.0 366.9 367.1 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral products

380.4 379.9 389.5 393.7 372.3 383.0 384.5 384.8 0.3

Primary metals

395.5 397.0 398.9 401.2 394.1 397.0 398.0 399.9 1.9

Fabricated metal products

1,440.1 1,447.0 1,455.7 1,463.2 1,428.8 1,450.2 1,452.8 1,452.8 0.0

Machinery

1,104.4 1,119.3 1,124.2 1,132.6 1,100.3 1,121.1 1,124.7 1,128.5 3.8

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,074.0 1,051.1 1,052.8 1,062.0 1,069.9 1,056.0 1,056.0 1,057.7 1.7

Computer and peripheral equipment

159.6 162.4 162.8 167.7 159.0 163.7 164.2 166.8 2.6

Communications equipment

103.3 99.1 97.6 98.8 102.7 99.4 98.1 98.3 0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

376.8 366.4 367.5 369.5 375.9 368.1 368.7 368.6 -0.1

Electronic instruments

395.7 385.0 386.3 386.8 393.9 386.2 386.4 385.2 -1.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

372.9 374.1 373.8 376.4 371.8 375.7 374.9 375.4 0.5

Transportation equipment(1)

1,518.2 1,529.7 1,537.9 1,557.8 1,506.9 1,529.7 1,536.6 1,545.5 8.9

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

827.6 844.2 851.3 865.2 819.4 844.8 850.7 856.6 5.9

Furniture and related products

363.2 363.0 366.7 370.8 357.8 364.1 365.4 365.6 0.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

582.0 577.3 579.8 581.9 579.3 579.9 580.4 579.4 -1.0

Nondurable goods

4,488 4,433 4,449 4,491 4,459 4,471 4,465 4,464 -1

Food manufacturing

1,478.7 1,456.2 1,458.3 1,475.7 1,471.7 1,482.4 1,476.5 1,471.7 -4.8

Textile mills

118.1 117.1 116.7 117.9 117.1 117.2 116.8 116.9 0.1

Textile product mills

114.2 110.4 110.5 111.2 112.9 110.8 110.5 110.1 -0.4

Apparel

142.7 134.3 132.4 132.6 141.6 134.1 132.0 132.0 0.0

Paper and paper products

382.3 374.6 375.9 379.3 379.7 376.7 376.8 376.7 -0.1

Printing and related support activities

449.1 441.7 441.4 443.2 447.4 442.2 441.5 441.6 0.1

Petroleum and coal products

113.1 111.6 114.1 116.8 110.6 112.7 113.1 114.0 0.9

Chemicals

796.3 796.7 801.1 806.9 792.7 798.2 800.3 802.2 1.9

Plastics and rubber products

660.8 661.0 664.5 667.9 656.2 662.3 663.0 663.5 0.5

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

232.6 229.4 234.1 239.4 228.8 234.1 234.4 235.5 1.1

Private service-providing

96,436 97,162 97,868 98,566 95,749 97,391 97,593 97,829 236

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,852 26,056 26,256 26,443 25,811 26,294 26,332 26,404 72

Wholesale trade

5,773.6 5,837.8 5,872.4 5,914.9 5,737.4 5,853.5 5,862.5 5,877.6 15.1

Durable goods

2,885.0 2,924.4 2,940.8 2,966.6 2,869.7 2,934.5 2,941.8 2,950.7 8.9

Nondurable goods

1,997.1 2,005.7 2,018.3 2,032.4 1,981.4 2,009.6 2,008.5 2,015.9 7.4

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

891.5 907.7 913.3 915.9 886.3 909.4 912.2 911.0 -1.2

Retail trade

15,036.9 15,127.4 15,229.3 15,353.6 15,040.4 15,306.5 15,317.0 15,357.2 40.2

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,802.0 1,842.1 1,854.2 1,874.6 1,786.8 1,843.4 1,846.9 1,859.0 12.1

Automobile dealers

1,140.7 1,163.1 1,173.8 1,182.0 1,134.6 1,164.9 1,171.9 1,176.2 4.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores

438.3 442.5 442.3 443.5 444.4 448.4 448.6 449.6 1.0

Electronics and appliance stores

481.8 486.5 483.1 489.7 493.6 497.9 496.5 503.2 6.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,262.8 1,269.4 1,296.5 1,292.6 1,204.6 1,227.0 1,225.7 1,233.3 7.6

Food and beverage stores

2,946.5 2,976.4 2,995.1 3,026.7 2,926.5 3,004.8 3,001.2 3,007.2 6.0

Health and personal care stores

1,009.1 1,005.8 1,013.5 1,018.1 1,010.2 1,014.0 1,018.1 1,018.7 0.6

Gasoline stations

876.0 865.9 876.8 888.7 864.9 874.1 876.8 877.1 0.3

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,360.2 1,351.0 1,353.4 1,372.5 1,393.5 1,403.3 1,404.8 1,406.5 1.7

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

577.4 574.9 578.0 575.4 591.5 595.3 594.1 591.1 -3.0

General merchandise stores(1)

3,021.3 3,055.4 3,061.2 3,084.5 3,058.0 3,112.7 3,117.4 3,122.4 5.0

Department stores

1,309.5 1,298.7 1,299.2 1,307.1 1,345.0 1,339.9 1,340.5 1,341.9 1.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

810.8 785.5 804.1 809.4 804.7 799.9 802.2 801.4 -0.8

Nonstore retailers

450.7 472.0 471.1 477.9 461.7 485.7 484.7 487.7 3.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,483.6 4,540.7 4,602.6 4,619.4 4,479.8 4,583.1 4,601.9 4,618.5 16.6

Air transportation

452.3 454.3 458.1 460.7 448.3 454.4 456.2 456.4 0.2

Rail transportation

233.1 234.6 237.2 238.9 232.3 234.7 236.4 237.9 1.5

Water transportation

66.5 66.7 68.1 69.7 65.3 67.5 68.0 68.4 0.4

Truck transportation

1,394.8 1,385.1 1,404.9 1,421.0 1,379.0 1,399.9 1,401.7 1,405.0 3.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

441.5 466.8 469.1 445.3 446.1 451.4 451.2 451.4 0.2

Pipeline transportation

44.2 45.3 45.2 45.7 44.0 45.6 45.3 45.4 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

37.0 26.1 32.7 36.5 29.5 29.0 30.1 29.3 -0.8

Support activities for transportation

591.7 605.4 611.9 616.3 591.6 607.2 611.8 615.1 3.3

Couriers and messengers

521.5 531.3 544.4 551.2 536.1 558.9 563.0 568.5 5.5

Warehousing and storage

701.0 725.1 731.0 734.1 707.6 734.5 738.2 741.1 2.9

Utilities

558.1 549.7 551.5 555.4 553.4 550.7 550.6 550.6 0.0

Information

2,694 2,655 2,653 2,668 2,685 2,660 2,648 2,657 9

Publishing industries, except Internet

733.0 726.8 724.3 728.7 733.8 729.0 728.2 729.2 1.0

Motion picture and sound recording industries

359.4 311.6 320.0 318.8 351.7 313.9 306.7 310.1 3.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

285.7 288.8 286.9 289.3 285.4 288.1 288.3 288.9 0.6

Telecommunications

853.0 853.2 846.3 849.4 853.4 853.8 849.8 850.0 0.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

269.0 270.0 269.5 271.4 268.0 269.2 268.4 270.0 1.6

Other information services

193.9 204.3 205.7 210.8 192.9 206.2 207.0 209.2 2.2

Financial activities

7,933 7,886 7,919 7,997 7,885 7,919 7,927 7,944 17

Finance and insurance

5,893.2 5,861.0 5,868.0 5,904.1 5,882.4 5,878.0 5,882.7 5,891.3 8.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.1 18.0 18.1 18.3 18.1 18.2 18.2 18.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,628.8 2,563.5 2,562.1 2,573.6 2,625.5 2,570.1 2,569.0 2,569.8 0.8

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,738.6 1,700.3 1,698.4 1,704.1 1,735.1 1,703.3 1,701.4 1,700.5 -0.9

Commercial banking

1,312.0 1,275.8 1,272.2 1,274.8 1,309.6 1,277.9 1,274.8 1,272.2 -2.6

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

867.0 870.5 871.4 876.4 862.4 871.9 873.1 872.4 -0.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,379.3 2,409.0 2,416.4 2,435.8 2,376.4 2,417.8 2,422.4 2,430.9 8.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,039.7 2,025.2 2,050.5 2,093.3 2,002.2 2,041.2 2,044.1 2,052.6 8.5

Real estate

1,478.9 1,470.6 1,481.1 1,508.7 1,458.1 1,480.0 1,480.6 1,486.5 5.9

Rental and leasing services

537.1 532.5 547.3 562.4 520.4 539.0 541.1 544.0 2.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.7 22.1 22.1 22.2 23.7 22.2 22.4 22.1 -0.3

Professional and business services

18,681 19,061 19,153 19,342 18,570 19,092 19,150 19,217 67

Professional and technical services(1)

8,097.7 8,365.8 8,269.7 8,329.8 8,127.6 8,296.7 8,323.0 8,353.1 30.1

Legal services

1,140.6 1,132.2 1,131.5 1,145.7 1,131.0 1,136.3 1,135.2 1,136.4 1.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

872.3 1,040.4 902.7 895.2 934.9 940.7 945.9 952.2 6.3

Architectural and engineering services

1,367.5 1,381.7 1,396.0 1,418.4 1,354.9 1,392.5 1,397.9 1,405.1 7.2

Computer systems design and related services

1,696.3 1,746.7 1,757.2 1,763.3 1,699.7 1,751.3 1,759.9 1,766.8 6.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,178.9 1,208.0 1,218.7 1,232.5 1,176.4 1,213.6 1,220.8 1,229.0 8.2

Management of companies and enterprises

2,107.8 2,122.4 2,131.9 2,150.3 2,094.4 2,132.1 2,134.5 2,136.8 2.3

Administrative and waste services

8,475.8 8,572.5 8,751.3 8,861.4 8,347.5 8,663.2 8,692.5 8,726.9 34.4

Administrative and support services(1)

8,091.9 8,197.9 8,371.9 8,473.8 7,969.9 8,284.4 8,313.1 8,346.2 33.1

Employment services(1)

3,337.9 3,479.8 3,559.0 3,603.0 3,326.5 3,548.7 3,570.9 3,589.0 18.1

Temporary help services

2,664.6 2,785.7 2,852.7 2,884.1 2,653.7 2,844.0 2,859.5 2,869.6 10.1

Business support services

842.3 854.3 849.7 849.1 854.1 860.9 859.5 860.8 1.3

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,999.7 1,920.5 2,008.4 2,055.6 1,885.0 1,924.8 1,930.1 1,939.7 9.6

Waste management and remediation services

383.9 374.6 379.4 387.6 377.6 378.8 379.4 380.7 1.3

Education and health services

20,874 21,534 21,486 21,265 21,084 21,362 21,424 21,462 38

Educational services

3,139.6 3,557.3 3,427.5 3,196.6 3,342.5 3,389.1 3,391.7 3,396.6 4.9

Health care and social assistance

17,733.9 17,976.8 18,058.7 18,068.6 17,741.3 17,973.1 18,031.9 18,065.6 33.7

Health care(3)

14,512.9 14,646.8 14,698.8 14,741.7 14,500.0 14,667.1 14,704.1 14,725.1 21.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,484.8 6,616.4 6,650.5 6,668.3 6,480.3 6,623.2 6,648.9 6,662.0 13.1

Offices of physicians

2,432.6 2,476.1 2,480.5 2,488.7 2,434.3 2,482.0 2,485.8 2,489.8 4.0

Outpatient care centers

679.7 711.0 716.9 715.7 680.2 710.9 715.2 715.9 0.7

Home health care services

1,236.8 1,271.4 1,281.7 1,283.8 1,235.8 1,272.2 1,279.4 1,282.9 3.5

Hospitals

4,792.8 4,786.6 4,793.5 4,803.6 4,793.4 4,795.2 4,800.7 4,802.9 2.2

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,235.3 3,243.8 3,254.8 3,269.8 3,226.3 3,248.7 3,254.5 3,260.2 5.7

Nursing care facilities

1,657.3 1,649.0 1,653.2 1,660.0 1,653.3 1,651.4 1,652.8 1,655.2 2.4

Social assistance(1)

3,221.0 3,330.0 3,359.9 3,326.9 3,241.3 3,306.0 3,327.8 3,340.5 12.7

Child day care services

819.8 879.1 889.3 854.3 842.3 859.0 864.1 872.2 8.1

Leisure and hospitality

14,871 14,469 14,864 15,280 14,249 14,558 14,603 14,642 39

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,304.1 2,035.8 2,175.6 2,372.6 2,037.1 2,089.1 2,095.9 2,100.2 4.3

Performing arts and spectator sports

437.1 451.9 461.9 461.6 415.8 438.4 438.3 439.4 1.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

150.1 139.7 148.6 154.8 138.1 141.9 142.9 142.6 -0.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,716.9 1,444.2 1,565.1 1,756.2 1,483.2 1,508.8 1,514.7 1,518.2 3.5

Accommodation and food services

12,567.0 12,432.8 12,688.1 12,906.9 12,212.3 12,469.1 12,507.1 12,542.1 35.0

Accommodation

1,965.1 1,827.8 1,884.6 1,982.4 1,865.7 1,874.8 1,879.5 1,881.7 2.2

Food services and drinking places

10,601.9 10,605.0 10,803.5 10,924.5 10,346.6 10,594.3 10,627.6 10,660.4 32.8

Other services

5,531 5,501 5,537 5,571 5,465 5,506 5,509 5,503 -6

Repair and maintenance

1,215.4 1,220.7 1,227.0 1,223.6 1,208.3 1,216.8 1,217.1 1,215.3 -1.8

Personal and laundry services

1,356.9 1,364.8 1,379.7 1,379.9 1,340.1 1,362.3 1,364.5 1,362.8 -1.7

Membership associations and organizations

2,958.3 2,915.6 2,930.5 2,967.8 2,916.2 2,927.1 2,927.1 2,925.3 -1.8

Government

21,794 22,307 22,261 21,865 21,852 21,882 21,882 21,908 26

Federal

2,780.0 2,717.0 2,714.0 2,729.0 2,767.0 2,713.0 2,711.0 2,713.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,190.7 2,118.3 2,126.4 2,139.9 2,172.7 2,122.6 2,121.4 2,121.4 0.0

U.S. Postal Service

589.0 598.7 588.0 588.9 593.8 590.0 589.6 591.4 1.8

State government

4,799.0 5,230.0 5,092.0 4,826.0 5,034.0 5,067.0 5,063.0 5,065.0 2.0

State government education

2,126.7 2,573.4 2,423.3 2,144.2 2,383.0 2,408.9 2,403.1 2,404.9 1.8

State government, excluding education

2,672.6 2,656.5 2,668.4 2,681.3 2,651.0 2,658.1 2,660.2 2,660.0 -0.2

Local government

14,215.0 14,360.0 14,455.0 14,310.0 14,051.0 14,102.0 14,108.0 14,130.0 22.0

Local government education

7,759.5 8,144.6 8,142.8 7,806.0 7,769.9 7,801.6 7,793.0 7,811.0 18.0

Local government, excluding education

6,455.4 6,215.7 6,312.5 6,503.5 6,280.6 6,300.0 6,314.8 6,319.1 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.5 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.4 40.5 40.6 40.6

Mining and logging

44.2 44.6 44.5 45.1

Construction

39.0 39.1 38.9 39.0

Manufacturing

40.9 40.9 41.1 41.1

Durable goods

41.2 41.4 41.7 41.6

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.0 40.2 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.5 34.5 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.8 38.8 38.9 38.8

Retail trade

31.4 31.4 31.2 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.7 38.6 38.3

Utilities

42.4 42.2 42.2 41.9

Information

37.0 37.0 37.0 37.0

Financial activities

37.3 37.1 37.3 37.2

Professional and business services

36.1 36.2 36.3 36.3

Education and health services

32.8 32.7 32.8 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 26.1 26.1 26.2

Other services

31.8 31.7 31.8 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5

Durable goods

3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

Total private

$23.98 $24.33 $24.39 $24.45 $827.31 $839.39 $841.46 $843.53

Goods-producing

25.19 25.59 25.63 25.74 1,017.68 1,036.40 1,040.58 1,045.04

Mining and logging

29.87 30.78 30.99 31.09 1,320.25 1,372.79 1,379.06 1,402.16

Construction

26.13 26.59 26.63 26.70 1,019.07 1,039.67 1,035.91 1,041.30

Manufacturing

24.39 24.70 24.73 24.84 997.55 1,010.23 1,016.40 1,020.92

Durable goods

25.80 26.04 26.06 26.20 1,062.96 1,078.06 1,086.70 1,089.92

Nondurable goods

21.95 22.33 22.37 22.43 884.59 893.20 899.27 901.69

Private service-providing

23.69 24.03 24.10 24.14 788.88 800.20 802.53 803.86

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.99 21.36 21.41 21.40 724.16 736.92 736.50 736.16

Wholesale trade

27.73 28.10 28.12 28.10 1,075.92 1,090.28 1,093.87 1,090.28

Retail trade

16.63 16.93 16.96 16.99 522.18 531.60 529.15 531.79

Transportation and warehousing

22.33 22.93 22.92 22.90 859.71 887.39 884.71 877.07

Utilities

35.09 35.30 35.48 35.38 1,487.82 1,489.66 1,497.26 1,482.42

Information

32.94 33.85 33.84 33.96 1,218.78 1,252.45 1,252.08 1,256.52

Financial activities

30.19 30.56 30.64 30.84 1,126.09 1,133.78 1,142.87 1,147.25

Professional and business services

28.52 29.02 29.13 29.21 1,029.57 1,050.52 1,057.42 1,060.32

Education and health services

24.46 24.59 24.64 24.65 802.29 804.09 808.19 806.06

Leisure and hospitality

13.47 13.76 13.79 13.83 350.22 359.14 359.92 362.35

Other services

21.38 21.77 21.80 21.93 679.88 690.11 693.24 695.18

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
Percent change from:
May
2014 - June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
Percent change from:
May
2014 - June
2014(p)

Total private

98.7 100.4 100.6 100.8 0.2 112.9 116.6 117.1 117.6 0.4

Goods-producing

86.0 87.6 88.0 88.1 0.1 97.9 101.4 101.9 102.5 0.6

Mining and logging

120.0 126.3 126.3 128.5 1.7 143.9 156.0 157.1 160.4 2.1

Construction

78.4 80.9 80.6 80.9 0.4 89.0 93.4 93.2 93.8 0.6

Manufacturing

88.2 89.0 89.5 89.6 0.1 100.1 102.2 102.9 103.5 0.6

Durable goods

87.4 88.9 89.7 89.7 0.0 100.1 102.8 103.8 104.4 0.6

Nondurable goods

89.7 89.2 89.6 89.6 0.0 99.9 101.1 101.7 101.9 0.2

Private service-providing

102.0 103.8 104.0 104.2 0.2 117.2 120.9 121.5 122.0 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.8 98.7 98.5 98.8 0.3 109.4 113.4 113.5 113.8 0.3

Wholesale trade

97.1 99.1 99.5 99.5 0.0 112.4 116.2 116.8 116.7 -0.1

Retail trade

95.9 97.6 97.1 97.6 0.5 105.5 109.3 108.8 109.7 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

98.7 101.5 101.7 101.2 -0.5 111.9 118.1 118.2 117.7 -0.4

Utilities

101.5 100.5 100.5 99.8 -0.7 117.7 117.3 117.8 116.7 -0.9

Information

90.7 89.9 89.5 89.8 0.3 106.4 108.3 107.8 108.6 0.7

Financial activities

96.3 96.2 96.8 96.8 0.0 113.4 114.7 115.7 116.4 0.6

Professional and business services

105.4 108.7 109.3 109.7 0.4 121.8 127.8 129.0 129.8 0.6

Education and health services

111.0 112.1 112.8 112.6 -0.2 127.9 129.9 130.9 130.8 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

105.7 108.4 108.7 109.5 0.7 114.9 120.4 121.0 122.1 0.9

Other services

96.3 96.7 97.1 96.7 -0.4 116.8 119.5 120.1 120.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,376 68,334 68,435 68,593 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

54,923 55,833 55,941 56,073 48.0 48.0 48.0 48.0

Goods-producing

4,114 4,161 4,167 4,174 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.9

Mining and logging

116 121 121 122 13.4 13.4 13.4 13.5

Construction

744 759 761 764 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,254 3,281 3,285 3,288 27.1 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,738 1,755 1,762 1,763 23.1 23.0 23.1 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,516 1,526 1,523 1,525 34.0 34.1 34.1 34.2

Private service-providing

50,809 51,672 51,774 51,899 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,442 10,656 10,664 10,678 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.4

Wholesale trade

1,697.9 1,729.8 1,732.2 1,737.0 29.6 29.6 29.5 29.6

Retail trade

7,552.5 7,709.8 7,712.4 7,720.2 50.2 50.4 50.4 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,054.6 1,082.9 1,085.6 1,088.3 23.5 23.6 23.6 23.6

Utilities

136.8 133.5 133.6 132.4 24.7 24.2 24.3 24.0

Information

1,068 1,069 1,064 1,068 39.8 40.2 40.2 40.2

Financial activities

4,542 4,543 4,542 4,553 57.6 57.4 57.3 57.3

Professional and business services

8,272 8,534 8,560 8,594 44.5 44.7 44.7 44.7

Education and health services

16,201 16,413 16,454 16,493 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,419 7,570 7,597 7,621 52.1 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,865 2,887 2,893 2,892 52.4 52.4 52.5 52.6

Government

12,453 12,501 12,494 12,520 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

Total private

94,505 96,225 96,399 96,640

Goods-producing

13,423 13,703 13,702 13,724

Mining and logging

632 662 662 662

Construction

4,400 4,542 4,534 4,538

Manufacturing

8,391 8,499 8,506 8,524

Durable goods

5,168 5,247 5,258 5,275

Nondurable goods

3,223 3,252 3,248 3,249

Private service-providing

81,082 82,522 82,697 82,916

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,826 22,220 22,248 22,312

Wholesale trade

4,623.8 4,736.7 4,743.2 4,760.3

Retail trade

12,892.9 13,075.6 13,080.5 13,116.5

Transportation and warehousing

3,863.0 3,962.7 3,978.6 3,988.9

Utilities

446.4 445.2 445.5 445.8

Information

2,175 2,158 2,148 2,156

Financial activities

6,067 6,114 6,120 6,145

Professional and business services

15,359 15,829 15,886 15,945

Education and health services

18,503 18,758 18,808 18,847

Leisure and hospitality

12,589 12,855 12,894 12,926

Other services

4,563 4,588 4,593 4,585

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.3 41.4 41.5 41.6

Mining and logging

45.8 47.0 47.0 47.4

Construction

39.6 39.7 39.5 39.6

Manufacturing

41.9 41.9 42.2 42.1

Durable goods

42.2 42.4 42.7 42.6

Nondurable goods

41.3 41.2 41.3 41.4

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.6

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.6 38.7 38.5

Retail trade

30.2 30.1 30.0 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.5 38.5 38.4

Utilities

41.8 42.3 42.1 42.1

Information

36.1 36.2 36.1 36.1

Financial activities

36.8 36.6 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.3 35.4 35.6 35.5

Education and health services

32.1 32.1 32.0 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.2 25.1 25.1

Other services

30.7 30.7 30.7 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.4 4.6 4.5

Durable goods

4.3 4.6 4.8 4.6

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)

Total private

$20.12 $20.50 $20.54 $20.58 $678.04 $690.85 $692.20 $693.55

Goods-producing

21.24 21.51 21.56 21.58 877.21 890.51 894.74 897.73

Mining and logging

27.08 26.49 26.82 26.92 1,240.26 1,245.03 1,260.54 1,276.01

Construction

24.23 24.62 24.66 24.66 959.51 977.41 974.07 976.54

Manufacturing

19.28 19.49 19.55 19.58 807.83 816.63 825.01 824.32

Durable goods

20.35 20.57 20.66 20.64 858.77 872.17 882.18 879.26

Nondurable goods

17.53 17.70 17.70 17.79 723.99 729.24 731.01 736.51

Private service-providing

19.89 20.29 20.33 20.36 644.44 657.40 658.69 659.66

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.73 18.23 18.23 18.26 597.50 614.35 612.53 613.54

Wholesale trade

22.64 23.25 23.10 23.22 876.17 897.45 893.97 893.97

Retail trade

14.01 14.32 14.36 14.38 423.10 431.03 430.80 432.84

Transportation and warehousing

19.77 20.51 20.53 20.54 757.19 789.64 790.41 788.74

Utilities

32.14 32.78 32.86 32.72 1,343.45 1,386.59 1,383.41 1,377.51

Information

28.00 28.61 28.61 28.71 1,010.80 1,035.68 1,032.82 1,036.43

Financial activities

23.89 24.56 24.63 24.70 879.15 898.90 903.92 906.49

Professional and business services

23.69 24.15 24.19 24.26 836.26 854.91 861.16 861.23

Education and health services

21.27 21.53 21.56 21.58 682.77 691.11 689.92 690.56

Leisure and hospitality

11.76 11.96 12.01 12.01 294.00 301.39 301.45 301.45

Other services

17.96 18.34 18.33 18.41 551.37 563.04 562.73 563.35

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
Percent change from:
May
2014 - June
2014(p)
June
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014(p)
June
2014(p)
Percent change from:
May
2014 - June
2014(p)

Total private

106.1 108.1 108.3 108.5 0.2 142.7 148.0 148.6 149.3 0.5

Goods-producing

84.7 86.7 86.9 87.2 0.3 110.2 114.2 114.7 115.3 0.5

Mining and logging

153.8 165.3 165.3 166.7 0.8 242.3 254.7 257.9 261.1 1.2

Construction

87.2 90.3 89.7 90.0 0.3 114.1 120.0 119.4 119.8 0.3

Manufacturing

80.7 81.7 82.4 82.4 0.0 101.8 104.2 105.4 105.5 0.1

Durable goods

81.9 83.6 84.4 84.4 0.0 104.1 107.4 108.8 108.8 0.0

Nondurable goods

78.4 78.9 79.0 79.3 0.4 97.2 98.7 98.9 99.6 0.7

Private service-providing

111.9 113.9 114.1 114.4 0.3 152.6 158.5 159.1 159.8 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.5 104.4 104.2 104.5 0.3 129.7 135.8 135.5 136.1 0.4

Wholesale trade

105.4 107.7 108.1 107.9 -0.2 140.5 147.5 147.1 147.6 0.3

Retail trade

98.6 99.6 99.3 99.9 0.6 118.3 122.3 122.3 123.2 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

111.4 114.8 115.3 115.3 0.0 139.7 149.4 150.2 150.2 0.0

Utilities

95.4 96.3 95.9 96.0 0.1 128.0 131.8 131.6 131.1 -0.4

Information

89.6 89.2 88.5 88.8 0.3 124.2 126.3 125.4 126.3 0.7

Financial activities

105.1 105.3 105.7 106.2 0.5 154.5 159.2 160.2 161.3 0.7

Professional and business services

121.5 125.6 126.7 126.9 0.2 171.3 180.5 182.5 183.1 0.3

Education and health services

126.8 128.5 128.5 128.7 0.2 177.9 182.6 182.7 183.3 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

115.3 118.7 118.5 118.8 0.3 154.0 161.2 161.7 162.1 0.2

Other services

98.2 98.8 98.9 98.4 -0.5 128.6 132.0 132.1 132.0 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: July 03, 2014