Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                     USDL-14-1391
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 1, 2014

Technical information: 
  Household data:     (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
  Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:      (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 6.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains occurred in professional and business services, manufacturing, retail trade,
and construction.
 __________________________________________________________________________________
|										   |
|			Changes to the Establishment Survey 			   |
|										   |
|  Effective with the release of July 2014 data in this news release, the          |
|  establishment survey began implementing new sample units into production on     |
|  a quarterly basis, replacing the practice of implementing new sample units      |
|  annually. There was no change to the establishment survey sample design.        |
|  More information about the quarterly sample implementation is available at      |
|  www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm.	                                                   |
|__________________________________________________________________________________|

Household Survey Data

Both the unemployment rate (6.2 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (9.7
million) changed little in July. Over the past 12 months, the unemployment rate and the
number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million,
respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women increased to 5.7
percent and the rate for blacks edged up to 11.4 percent in July, following declines for
both groups in the prior month. The rates for adult men (5.7 percent), teenagers (20.2
percent), whites (5.3 percent), and Hispanics (7.8 percent) showed little or no change
in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 4.5 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little
changed from a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially
unchanged at 3.2 million in July. These individuals accounted for 32.9 percent of the
unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term unemployed has declined by
1.1 million. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.9 percent, changed little in July. The
participation rate has been essentially unchanged since April. The employment-population
ratio, at 59.0 percent, was unchanged over the month but has edged up by 0.3 percentage
point over the past 12 months. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers), at 7.5 million, was unchanged in July. These individuals
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable
to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by 236,000
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in
the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in
the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 741,000 discouraged workers in July, down by
247,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had
not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.
(See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 209,000 in July, the same as its average
monthly gain over the prior 12 months. In July, employment grew in professional and
business services, manufacturing, retail trade, and construction. (See table B-1.)

Professional and business services added 47,000 jobs in July and has added 648,000 jobs
over the past 12 months. In July, employment continued to trend up across much of the
industry, including a gain of 9,000 jobs in architectural and engineering services.
Employment in temporary help services changed little over the month.

Manufacturing added 28,000 jobs in July. Job gains occurred in motor vehicles and parts
(+15,000) and in furniture and related products (+3,000). Over the prior 12 months,
manufacturing had added an average of 12,000 jobs per month, primarily in durable goods
industries. 

In July, retail trade employment rose by 27,000. Employment continued to trend up in
automobile dealers, food and beverage stores, and general merchandise stores. Over the
past year, retail trade has added 298,000 jobs.

Employment in construction increased by 22,000 in July. Within the industry, employment
continued to trend up in residential building and in residential specialty trade
contractors. Over the year, construction has added 211,000 jobs.

Social assistance added 18,000 jobs over the month and 110,000 over the year. (The social
assistance industry includes child day care and services for the elderly and persons with
disabilities.) Employment in health care changed little over the month, with job gains in
ambulatory health care services (+21,000) largely offset by losses in hospitals (-7,000)
and nursing care facilities (-6,000).

Mining added 8,000 jobs in July, with the bulk of the increase occurring in support
activities for mining (+6,000). Over the year, mining employment has risen by 46,000.

Employment in leisure and hospitality changed little in July but has added 375,000 jobs
over the year, primarily in food services and drinking places.

Employment in other major industries, including wholesale trade, transportation and
warehousing, information, financial activities, and government, showed little change
in July.

In July, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 34.5 hours
for the fifth straight month. The manufacturing workweek decreased by 0.2 hour in July to
40.9 hours, and factory overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours. The average workweek
for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was 33.7 hours for
the fifth consecutive month. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up
by 1 cent to $24.45. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0
percent. In July, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 4 cents to $20.61. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +224,000 to
+229,000, and the change for June was revised from +288,000 to +298,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in May and June were 15,000 higher than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, September 5, 2014,
at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2013
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014
Change from:
June
2014-
July
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,756 247,622 247,814 248,023 209

Civilian labor force

155,693 155,613 155,694 156,023 329

Participation rate

63.4 62.8 62.8 62.9 0.1

Employed

144,285 145,814 146,221 146,352 131

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.9 59.0 59.0 0.0

Unemployed

11,408 9,799 9,474 9,671 197

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 0.1

Not in labor force

90,062 92,009 92,120 92,001 -119

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.3 6.3 6.1 6.2 0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.0 5.9 5.7 5.7 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.4 5.7 5.3 5.7 0.4

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.4 19.2 21.0 20.2 -0.8

White

6.6 5.4 5.3 5.3 0.0

Black or African American

12.6 11.5 10.7 11.4 0.7

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

5.7 5.3 5.1 4.5 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.5 7.7 7.8 7.8 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

6.0 5.2 5.0 5.0 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

10.9 9.1 9.1 9.6 0.5

High school graduates, no college

7.6 6.5 5.8 6.1 0.3

Some college or associate degree

6.0 5.5 5.0 5.3 0.3

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 3.2 3.3 3.1 -0.2

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,894 5,018 4,862 4,859 -3

Job leavers

970 875 854 862 8

Reentrants

3,234 2,857 2,707 2,848 141

New entrants

1,246 1,062 1,064 1,087 23

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,548 2,559 2,410 2,587 177

5 to 14 weeks

2,826 2,390 2,416 2,431 15

15 to 26 weeks

1,786 1,441 1,472 1,412 -60

27 weeks and over

4,246 3,374 3,081 3,155 74

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,180 7,269 7,544 7,511 -33

Slack work or business conditions

5,155 4,453 4,525 4,609 84

Could only find part-time work

2,641 2,537 2,648 2,519 -129

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,099 19,040 19,880 19,662 -218

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,414 2,130 2,028 2,178 -

Discouraged workers

988 697 676 741 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

149 229 298 209

Total private

170 228 270 198

Goods-producing

-5 26 38 58

Mining and logging

3 2 5 8

Construction

1 9 10 22

Manufacturing

-9 15 23 28

Durable goods(1)

-6 21 21 30

Motor vehicles and parts

-0.8 9.9 10.0 14.6

Nondurable goods

-3 -6 2 -2

Private service-providing(1)

175 202 232 140

Wholesale trade

11.7 6.0 14.2 2.7

Retail trade

48.4 12.0 41.2 26.7

Transportation and warehousing

-8.2 16.6 14.8 7.9

Information

12 -6 10 2

Financial activities

16 8 17 7

Professional and business services(1)

51 57 73 47

Temporary help services

10.5 14.5 13.9 8.5

Education and health services(1)

24 59 45 17

Health care and social assistance

11.7 58.1 32.7 25.4

Leisure and hospitality

23 45 23 21

Other services

-2 4 -6 7

Government

-21 1 28 11

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.7 82.7 82.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.97 $24.38 $24.44 $24.45

Average weekly earnings

$824.57 $841.11 $843.18 $843.53

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

98.6 100.6 100.8 101.0

Over-the-month percent change

-0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

112.7 117.0 117.6 117.8

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$20.15 $20.54 $20.57 $20.61

Average weekly earnings

$675.03 $692.20 $693.21 $694.56

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

105.7 108.3 108.5 108.7

Over-the-month percent change

-0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

142.3 148.6 149.2 149.7

Over-the-month percent change

-0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

57.8 64.4 65.3 61.9

Manufacturing (81 industries)

50.6 63.0 63.0 53.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

245,756 247,814 248,023 245,756 247,258 247,439 247,622 247,814 248,023

Civilian labor force

157,196 156,997 157,573 155,693 156,227 155,421 155,613 155,694 156,023

Participation rate

64.0 63.4 63.5 63.4 63.2 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.9

Employed

145,113 147,104 147,265 144,285 145,742 145,669 145,814 146,221 146,352

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.4 59.4 58.7 58.9 58.9 58.9 59.0 59.0

Unemployed

12,083 9,893 10,307 11,408 10,486 9,753 9,799 9,474 9,671

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.3 6.5 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2

Not in labor force

88,560 90,817 90,451 90,062 91,030 92,018 92,009 92,120 92,001

Persons who currently want a job

6,862 6,694 6,624 6,562 6,146 6,146 6,438 6,115 6,259

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,595 119,680 119,788 118,595 119,395 119,488 119,582 119,680 119,788

Civilian labor force

83,965 83,850 84,284 82,807 83,052 82,586 82,590 82,860 83,043

Participation rate

70.8 70.1 70.4 69.8 69.6 69.1 69.1 69.2 69.3

Employed

77,569 78,541 79,064 76,447 77,416 77,292 77,310 77,653 77,866

Employment-population ratio

65.4 65.6 66.0 64.5 64.8 64.7 64.7 64.9 65.0

Unemployed

6,396 5,310 5,220 6,361 5,636 5,294 5,280 5,207 5,177

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.3 6.2 7.7 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2

Not in labor force

34,630 35,830 35,503 35,788 36,343 36,902 36,992 36,821 36,744

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

110,054 111,230 111,342 110,054 110,930 111,027 111,126 111,230 111,342

Civilian labor force

80,275 80,458 80,684 79,871 80,171 79,851 79,830 80,068 80,208

Participation rate

72.9 72.3 72.5 72.6 72.3 71.9 71.8 72.0 72.0

Employed

74,854 76,018 76,245 74,301 75,230 75,134 75,127 75,510 75,654

Employment-population ratio

68.0 68.3 68.5 67.5 67.8 67.7 67.6 67.9 67.9

Unemployed

5,421 4,440 4,439 5,570 4,941 4,718 4,703 4,558 4,554

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.5 5.5 7.0 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

Not in labor force

29,778 30,772 30,658 30,182 30,760 31,176 31,296 31,162 31,133

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

127,161 128,133 128,236 127,161 127,863 127,951 128,040 128,133 128,236

Civilian labor force

73,231 73,147 73,288 72,886 73,175 72,835 73,023 72,835 72,979

Participation rate

57.6 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.2 56.9 57.0 56.8 56.9

Employed

67,543 68,563 68,201 67,838 68,325 68,376 68,504 68,568 68,486

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.5 53.2 53.3 53.4 53.4 53.5 53.5 53.4

Unemployed

5,688 4,584 5,087 5,048 4,850 4,459 4,519 4,267 4,494

Unemployment rate

7.8 6.3 6.9 6.9 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2

Not in labor force

53,930 54,987 54,947 54,275 54,688 55,116 55,017 55,299 55,256

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,907 119,948 120,052 118,907 119,669 119,760 119,852 119,948 120,052

Civilian labor force

69,656 69,795 69,853 69,986 70,361 70,037 70,153 69,987 70,177

Participation rate

58.6 58.2 58.2 58.9 58.8 58.5 58.5 58.3 58.5

Employed

64,754 65,952 65,468 65,514 66,008 66,057 66,137 66,254 66,197

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.0 54.5 55.1 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.2 55.1

Unemployed

4,902 3,843 4,386 4,473 4,352 3,980 4,016 3,733 3,980

Unemployment rate

7.0 5.5 6.3 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.7

Not in labor force

49,251 50,152 50,199 48,921 49,309 49,724 49,699 49,961 49,875

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,795 16,636 16,629 16,795 16,658 16,652 16,644 16,636 16,629

Civilian labor force

7,264 6,744 7,035 5,836 5,696 5,534 5,630 5,640 5,637

Participation rate

43.3 40.5 42.3 34.7 34.2 33.2 33.8 33.9 33.9

Employed

5,504 5,134 5,553 4,470 4,503 4,479 4,550 4,457 4,501

Employment-population ratio

32.8 30.9 33.4 26.6 27.0 26.9 27.3 26.8 27.1

Unemployed

1,760 1,610 1,483 1,365 1,193 1,055 1,080 1,183 1,136

Unemployment rate

24.2 23.9 21.1 23.4 20.9 19.1 19.2 21.0 20.2

Not in labor force

9,530 9,892 9,594 10,959 10,962 11,119 11,014 10,996 10,992

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

194,373 195,416 195,537 194,373 195,117 195,210 195,310 195,416 195,537

Civilian labor force

124,807 124,241 124,477 123,636 123,763 123,111 123,287 123,379 123,314

Participation rate

64.2 63.6 63.7 63.6 63.4 63.1 63.1 63.1 63.1

Employed

116,321 117,383 117,509 115,537 116,581 116,601 116,669 116,778 116,757

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.1 60.1 59.4 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.8 59.7

Unemployed

8,486 6,858 6,968 8,100 7,183 6,510 6,618 6,600 6,557

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.5 5.6 6.6 5.8 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.3

Not in labor force

69,565 71,175 71,060 70,736 71,353 72,099 72,022 72,037 72,222

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,906 64,697 64,794 64,575 64,724 64,445 64,343 64,435 64,430

Participation rate

73.3 72.6 72.6 73.0 72.7 72.4 72.2 72.3 72.2

Employed

60,995 61,652 61,833 60,526 61,282 61,182 61,129 61,291 61,361

Employment-population ratio

68.9 69.2 69.3 68.4 68.9 68.7 68.6 68.8 68.8

Unemployed

3,911 3,045 2,961 4,049 3,441 3,264 3,214 3,144 3,069

Unemployment rate

6.0 4.7 4.6 6.3 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,204 54,194 54,077 54,437 54,509 54,277 54,520 54,454 54,356

Participation rate

58.0 57.7 57.6 58.3 58.1 57.9 58.1 58.0 57.9

Employed

50,794 51,523 51,129 51,321 51,597 51,730 51,864 51,847 51,695

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.9 54.4 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.3 55.2 55.0

Unemployed

3,410 2,671 2,948 3,117 2,911 2,547 2,656 2,606 2,661

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.9 5.5 5.7 5.3 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,698 5,350 5,606 4,624 4,531 4,389 4,425 4,490 4,529

Participation rate

45.6 43.2 45.3 37.0 36.5 35.4 35.7 36.3 36.6

Employed

4,532 4,208 4,547 3,690 3,701 3,690 3,676 3,640 3,701

Employment-population ratio

36.2 34.0 36.7 29.5 29.9 29.8 29.7 29.4 29.9

Unemployed

1,165 1,143 1,059 934 830 699 749 850 827

Unemployment rate

20.5 21.4 18.9 20.2 18.3 15.9 16.9 18.9 18.3

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,390 30,821 30,856 30,390 30,719 30,755 30,787 30,821 30,856

Civilian labor force

18,825 18,992 19,249 18,653 18,756 18,720 18,715 18,791 19,025

Participation rate

61.9 61.6 62.4 61.4 61.1 60.9 60.8 61.0 61.7

Employed

16,311 16,885 16,895 16,310 16,437 16,556 16,564 16,784 16,853

Employment-population ratio

53.7 54.8 54.8 53.7 53.5 53.8 53.8 54.5 54.6

Unemployed

2,513 2,107 2,355 2,343 2,319 2,164 2,151 2,007 2,172

Unemployment rate

13.4 11.1 12.2 12.6 12.4 11.6 11.5 10.7 11.4

Not in labor force

11,565 11,829 11,607 11,736 11,963 12,035 12,072 12,029 11,832

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,450 8,674 8,753 8,433 8,496 8,435 8,496 8,592 8,671

Participation rate

67.7 68.1 68.6 67.6 67.0 66.4 66.8 67.5 68.0

Employed

7,398 7,752 7,749 7,382 7,470 7,522 7,519 7,660 7,704

Employment-population ratio

59.3 60.9 60.7 59.2 58.9 59.2 59.1 60.1 60.4

Unemployed

1,052 922 1,003 1,051 1,026 913 977 932 967

Unemployment rate

12.4 10.6 11.5 12.5 12.1 10.8 11.5 10.9 11.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,444 9,563 9,696 9,487 9,614 9,583 9,521 9,566 9,720

Participation rate

61.5 61.4 62.2 61.8 62.0 61.7 61.2 61.4 62.3

Employed

8,382 8,670 8,639 8,493 8,554 8,590 8,564 8,702 8,736

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.7 55.4 55.3 55.1 55.3 55.1 55.9 56.0

Unemployed

1,063 893 1,056 994 1,060 993 957 864 984

Unemployment rate

11.3 9.3 10.9 10.5 11.0 10.4 10.0 9.0 10.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

930 755 801 734 646 701 698 632 634

Participation rate

36.3 30.1 32.0 28.6 25.6 27.9 27.8 25.2 25.3

Employed

531 463 506 435 413 443 481 421 413

Employment-population ratio

20.7 18.4 20.2 17.0 16.4 17.6 19.1 16.8 16.5

Unemployed

399 292 295 298 233 258 217 211 221

Unemployment rate

42.9 38.7 36.8 40.7 36.1 36.8 31.1 33.4 34.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,298 13,807 13,765 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,641 8,746 8,717 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.0 63.3 63.3 - - - - - -

Employed

8,153 8,301 8,329 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.3 60.1 60.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

488 445 389 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.1 4.5 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,657 5,061 5,047 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,548 38,352 38,430 37,548 38,126 38,203 38,277 38,352 38,430

Civilian labor force

25,220 25,577 25,536 25,010 25,266 25,055 25,108 25,409 25,320

Participation rate

67.2 66.7 66.4 66.6 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.3 65.9

Employed

22,822 23,589 23,529 22,644 23,264 23,232 23,162 23,433 23,345

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.5 61.2 60.3 61.0 60.8 60.5 61.1 60.7

Unemployed

2,398 1,988 2,007 2,365 2,002 1,824 1,946 1,976 1,975

Unemployment rate

9.5 7.8 7.9 9.5 7.9 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.8

Not in labor force

12,328 12,775 12,895 12,538 12,859 13,148 13,169 12,943 13,110

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,847 14,127 14,086 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.7 81.4 81.0 - - - - - -

Employed

12,784 13,229 13,240 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

75.5 76.3 76.1 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,063 898 847 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.4 6.0 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,930 10,193 10,123 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.6 58.8 58.2 - - - - - -

Employed

9,041 9,458 9,348 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.3 54.5 53.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

889 735 775 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.0 7.2 7.7 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,443 1,257 1,326 - - - - - -

Participation rate

39.5 34.4 36.2 - - - - - -

Employed

997 902 941 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

27.3 24.6 25.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

446 355 385 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.9 28.3 29.0 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,886 10,673 10,168 10,890 11,199 10,891 10,861 10,451 10,221

Participation rate

45.4 44.3 44.2 45.4 45.9 44.6 44.2 43.3 44.4

Employed

9,723 9,795 9,210 9,700 10,128 9,925 9,869 9,497 9,243

Employment-population ratio

40.5 40.6 40.0 40.5 41.5 40.7 40.2 39.4 40.2

Unemployed

1,163 878 958 1,190 1,071 965 993 954 978

Unemployment rate

10.7 8.2 9.4 10.9 9.6 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,722 36,137 36,239 36,721 36,392 36,089 36,096 36,112 36,146

Participation rate

59.0 57.9 57.9 59.0 58.8 58.0 57.9 57.8 57.7

Employed

33,995 34,130 34,050 33,945 34,106 33,830 33,750 34,001 33,931

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.7 54.4 54.5 55.1 54.3 54.1 54.5 54.2

Unemployed

2,727 2,007 2,189 2,776 2,286 2,258 2,346 2,112 2,216

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.6 6.0 7.6 6.3 6.3 6.5 5.8 6.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,252 37,290 37,837 37,304 37,158 37,364 37,178 37,476 37,727

Participation rate

67.1 67.2 67.2 67.2 67.1 67.3 67.2 67.6 67.0

Employed

34,931 35,393 35,767 35,057 34,904 35,218 35,131 35,598 35,716

Employment-population ratio

62.9 63.8 63.6 63.2 63.0 63.4 63.5 64.2 63.5

Unemployed

2,320 1,896 2,070 2,247 2,254 2,146 2,047 1,878 2,011

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.1 5.5 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.0 5.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,831 50,047 49,891 49,137 49,908 49,934 50,208 50,383 50,355

Participation rate

75.0 74.7 74.0 75.4 74.7 75.1 75.4 75.2 74.7

Employed

46,779 48,364 48,154 47,272 48,198 48,279 48,611 48,728 48,771

Employment-population ratio

71.8 72.1 71.5 72.6 72.2 72.6 73.0 72.7 72.4

Unemployed

2,051 1,683 1,738 1,865 1,711 1,655 1,596 1,654 1,584

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,384 21,155 19,159 18,901 2,225 2,254

Civilian labor force

10,923 10,595 9,529 9,211 1,395 1,384

Participation rate

51.1 50.1 49.7 48.7 62.7 61.4

Employed

10,221 9,956 8,918 8,670 1,303 1,286

Employment-population ratio

47.8 47.1 46.5 45.9 58.6 57.1

Unemployed

702 638 610 541 92 97

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.0 6.4 5.9 6.6 7.0

Not in labor force

10,461 10,560 9,630 9,690 830 870

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,728 3,107 2,197 2,446 530 661

Civilian labor force

2,155 2,481 1,800 2,015 355 465

Participation rate

79.0 79.9 81.9 82.4 67.0 70.4

Employed

1,989 2,253 1,661 1,838 328 416

Employment-population ratio

72.9 72.5 75.6 75.2 61.8 62.8

Unemployed

166 228 138 178 27 50

Unemployment rate

7.7 9.2 7.7 8.8 7.7 10.7

Not in labor force

573 626 397 430 175 196

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,291 3,387 2,664 2,744 627 643

Civilian labor force

2,713 2,793 2,208 2,332 504 461

Participation rate

82.4 82.5 82.9 85.0 80.5 71.8

Employed

2,572 2,661 2,093 2,227 479 434

Employment-population ratio

78.1 78.6 78.6 81.2 76.4 67.5

Unemployed

141 132 115 105 26 28

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.7 5.2 4.5 5.1 6.0

Not in labor force

578 594 456 412 122 181

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,789 9,359 9,421 9,007 368 352

Civilian labor force

2,922 2,577 2,835 2,485 87 92

Participation rate

29.9 27.5 30.1 27.6 23.7 26.1

Employed

2,727 2,447 2,644 2,356 84 91

Employment-population ratio

27.9 26.1 28.1 26.2 22.7 25.8

Unemployed

195 130 192 129 4 1

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.0 6.8 5.2 4.0 1.3

Not in labor force

6,867 6,782 6,586 6,522 281 260

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,576 5,302 4,876 4,704 700 598

Civilian labor force

3,133 2,744 2,685 2,378 448 365

Participation rate

56.2 51.7 55.1 50.6 64.0 61.1

Employed

2,933 2,595 2,520 2,248 413 347

Employment-population ratio

52.6 48.9 51.7 47.8 58.9 57.9

Unemployed

200 149 165 130 36 19

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.4 6.1 5.5 7.9 5.1

Not in labor force

2,443 2,558 2,191 2,326 252 233

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,592 218,179 94,951 96,506 120,641 121,673

Civilian labor force

143,519 144,380 73,049 73,773 70,470 70,607

Participation rate

66.6 66.2 76.9 76.4 58.4 58.0

Employed

133,021 135,385 67,722 69,436 65,299 65,949

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.1 71.3 71.9 54.1 54.2

Unemployed

10,498 8,995 5,327 4,337 5,171 4,658

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.2 7.3 5.9 7.3 6.6

Not in labor force

72,072 73,799 21,902 22,733 50,171 51,065

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,406 29,116 217,349 218,908

Civilian labor force

5,778 5,648 151,418 151,924

Participation rate

20.3 19.4 69.7 69.4

Employed

4,926 4,962 140,186 142,303

Employment-population ratio

17.3 17.0 64.5 65.0

Unemployed

852 686 11,231 9,622

Unemployment rate

14.7 12.1 7.4 6.3

Not in labor force

22,628 23,467 65,932 66,983

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,638 2,557 76,858 77,252

Participation rate

35.3 32.9 83.6 83.9

Employed

2,240 2,222 71,084 72,573

Employment-population ratio

30.0 28.6 77.3 78.8

Unemployed

398 335 5,774 4,679

Unemployment rate

15.1 13.1 7.5 6.1

Not in labor force

4,841 5,207 15,073 14,788

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,188 2,133 67,576 67,415

Participation rate

28.3 27.5 71.0 70.6

Employed

1,778 1,844 62,468 62,831

Employment-population ratio

23.0 23.7 65.7 65.8

Unemployed

410 290 5,108 4,584

Unemployment rate

18.7 13.6 7.6 6.8

Not in labor force

5,556 5,637 27,574 28,033

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

953 958 6,984 7,258

Participation rate

7.2 7.1 23.1 23.1

Employed

908 896 6,634 6,900

Employment-population ratio

6.9 6.6 21.9 22.0

Unemployed

44 61 350 359

Unemployment rate

4.7 6.4 5.0 4.9

Not in labor force

12,232 12,624 23,285 24,162

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,941 38,475 18,391 18,723 19,550 19,752

Civilian labor force

25,382 25,411 14,634 14,809 10,748 10,602

Participation rate

66.9 66.0 79.6 79.1 55.0 53.7

Employed

23,689 24,082 13,767 14,152 9,922 9,930

Employment-population ratio

62.4 62.6 74.9 75.6 50.8 50.3

Unemployed

1,693 1,329 867 657 825 672

Unemployment rate

6.7 5.2 5.9 4.4 7.7 6.3

Not in labor force

12,559 13,064 3,757 3,914 8,802 9,150

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,815 209,549 100,204 101,065 107,611 108,484

Civilian labor force

131,814 132,162 69,331 69,475 62,483 62,686

Participation rate

63.4 63.1 69.2 68.7 58.1 57.8

Employed

121,424 123,183 63,803 64,913 57,621 58,271

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.8 63.7 64.2 53.5 53.7

Unemployed

10,390 8,978 5,528 4,563 4,862 4,416

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.8 8.0 6.6 7.8 7.0

Not in labor force

76,001 77,387 30,873 31,589 45,128 45,798

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,435 2,288 2,403 2,171 2,148 2,161 2,045 2,138 2,133

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,494 1,494 1,620 1,314 1,375 1,382 1,273 1,379 1,413

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

915 769 755 846 743 767 738 734 709

Unpaid family workers

25 25 28 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

142,678 144,815 144,862 142,081 143,543 143,531 143,843 144,159 144,274

Wage and salary workers(1)

133,606 136,186 136,203 133,220 134,745 134,860 135,355 135,687 135,823

Government

19,151 19,891 19,525 20,006 20,401 20,320 20,051 20,357 20,453

Private industries

114,455 116,294 116,679 113,115 114,327 114,532 115,257 115,294 115,297

Private households

704 859 889 - - - - - -

Other industries

113,752 115,435 115,790 112,465 113,444 113,643 114,460 114,487 114,456

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,010 8,571 8,582 8,850 8,674 8,559 8,375 8,370 8,424

Unpaid family workers

62 59 76 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,324 7,805 7,665 8,180 7,411 7,465 7,269 7,544 7,511

Slack work or business conditions

5,140 4,598 4,670 5,155 4,512 4,555 4,453 4,525 4,609

Could only find part-time work

2,757 2,793 2,608 2,641 2,731 2,669 2,537 2,648 2,519

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,503 18,825 18,134 19,099 19,216 18,886 19,040 19,880 19,662

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,207 7,706 7,568 8,049 7,324 7,333 7,199 7,436 7,400

Slack work or business conditions

5,068 4,552 4,607 5,074 4,454 4,487 4,407 4,474 4,548

Could only find part-time work

2,732 2,761 2,585 2,648 2,697 2,623 2,530 2,637 2,507

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,201 18,526 17,809 18,748 18,903 18,603 18,727 19,533 19,250

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

145,113 147,104 147,265 144,285 145,742 145,669 145,814 146,221 146,352

16 to 19 years

5,504 5,134 5,553 4,470 4,503 4,479 4,550 4,457 4,501

16 to 17 years

1,870 1,661 1,924 1,463 1,591 1,472 1,494 1,451 1,494

18 to 19 years

3,634 3,473 3,629 3,046 2,922 3,016 3,052 3,010 3,030

20 years and over

139,608 141,970 141,713 139,815 141,238 141,190 141,264 141,763 141,851

20 to 24 years

14,180 14,288 14,532 13,657 13,905 13,879 13,952 13,933 13,976

25 years and over

125,428 127,682 127,180 126,052 127,246 127,211 127,277 127,810 127,827

25 to 54 years

94,247 95,556 95,098 94,488 95,360 95,151 95,041 95,507 95,365

25 to 34 years

31,168 31,937 31,826 31,184 31,849 31,713 31,699 31,923 31,885

35 to 44 years

30,582 30,882 30,689 30,715 30,960 30,905 30,840 30,940 30,843

45 to 54 years

32,497 32,736 32,583 32,589 32,552 32,533 32,503 32,643 32,637

55 years and over

31,181 32,126 32,082 31,564 31,886 32,060 32,236 32,303 32,462

Men, 16 years and over

77,569 78,541 79,064 76,447 77,416 77,292 77,310 77,653 77,866

16 to 19 years

2,715 2,523 2,819 2,146 2,186 2,159 2,183 2,143 2,212

16 to 17 years

929 764 959 684 706 644 689 648 700

18 to 19 years

1,786 1,759 1,861 1,462 1,481 1,516 1,492 1,500 1,514

20 years and over

74,854 76,018 76,245 74,301 75,230 75,134 75,127 75,510 75,654

20 to 24 years

7,412 7,460 7,651 7,038 7,223 7,206 7,194 7,227 7,250

25 years and over

67,442 68,558 68,594 67,216 67,961 67,875 67,915 68,263 68,357

25 to 54 years

50,882 51,442 51,507 50,567 51,101 50,909 50,837 51,146 51,178

25 to 34 years

16,971 17,416 17,423 16,846 17,340 17,185 17,110 17,322 17,306

35 to 44 years

16,680 16,775 16,793 16,592 16,706 16,657 16,676 16,762 16,713

45 to 54 years

17,231 17,251 17,291 17,129 17,055 17,066 17,052 17,062 17,159

55 years and over

16,560 17,116 17,087 16,648 16,860 16,966 17,079 17,117 17,179

Women, 16 years and over

67,543 68,563 68,201 67,838 68,325 68,376 68,504 68,568 68,486

16 to 19 years

2,789 2,611 2,733 2,325 2,317 2,320 2,367 2,314 2,289

16 to 17 years

941 898 965 779 885 828 805 803 795

18 to 19 years

1,848 1,714 1,768 1,584 1,441 1,500 1,560 1,510 1,517

20 years and over

64,754 65,952 65,468 65,514 66,008 66,057 66,137 66,254 66,197

20 to 24 years

6,768 6,828 6,881 6,619 6,683 6,672 6,758 6,706 6,726

25 years and over

57,986 59,124 58,587 58,836 59,285 59,336 59,362 59,547 59,469

25 to 54 years

43,365 44,114 43,591 43,920 44,259 44,242 44,205 44,361 44,186

25 to 34 years

14,197 14,521 14,403 14,339 14,509 14,528 14,589 14,601 14,578

35 to 44 years

13,902 14,107 13,895 14,122 14,254 14,247 14,164 14,178 14,130

45 to 54 years

15,265 15,486 15,292 15,460 15,497 15,466 15,451 15,582 15,478

55 years and over

14,621 15,010 14,996 14,915 15,026 15,094 15,157 15,186 15,283

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,873 44,478 44,248 43,920 44,483 44,525 44,608 44,508 44,331

Married women, spouse present

33,950 34,380 33,946 34,598 34,779 34,813 34,716 34,728 34,598

Women who maintain families

9,291 9,572 9,477 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

117,688 119,472 119,900 116,156 118,003 118,415 118,727 118,204 118,489

Part-time workers(2)

27,425 27,631 27,365 28,184 27,695 27,297 27,219 28,018 28,070

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,897 6,960 6,787 7,036 6,998 7,093 7,113 7,031 6,939

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.7

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,187 5,302 5,324 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,925 9,340 9,337 9,696 9,417 9,326 9,113 9,104 9,133

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,408 9,474 9,671 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2

16 to 19 years

1,365 1,183 1,136 23.4 20.9 19.1 19.2 21.0 20.2

16 to 17 years

602 442 448 29.2 20.1 22.1 23.0 23.3 23.1

18 to 19 years

759 721 703 19.9 20.7 17.4 17.1 19.3 18.8

20 years and over

10,043 8,291 8,535 6.7 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.7

20 to 24 years

1,952 1,629 1,772 12.5 12.2 10.6 11.1 10.5 11.3

25 years and over

8,113 6,695 6,780 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.0

25 to 54 years

6,442 5,178 5,231 6.4 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.2

25 to 34 years

2,533 2,234 2,239 7.5 6.8 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.6

35 to 44 years

1,939 1,514 1,559 5.9 5.1 4.9 5.1 4.7 4.8

45 to 54 years

1,971 1,430 1,433 5.7 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.2 4.2

55 years and over

1,660 1,496 1,540 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.5

Men, 16 years and over

6,361 5,207 5,177 7.7 6.8 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.2

16 to 19 years

791 649 623 26.9 24.1 21.1 20.9 23.2 22.0

16 to 17 years

332 235 242 32.7 25.2 26.8 25.0 26.6 25.7

18 to 19 years

459 402 389 23.9 23.0 18.0 18.6 21.1 20.5

20 years and over

5,570 4,558 4,554 7.0 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7

20 to 24 years

1,144 962 1,039 14.0 13.2 12.0 11.9 11.7 12.5

25 years and over

4,412 3,617 3,502 6.2 5.3 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.9

25 to 54 years

3,431 2,736 2,724 6.4 5.5 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.1

25 to 34 years

1,404 1,226 1,204 7.7 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.6 6.5

35 to 44 years

1,026 787 839 5.8 5.0 4.8 5.1 4.5 4.8

45 to 54 years

1,000 723 681 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.1 3.8

55 years and over

981 881 778 5.6 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.9 4.3

Women, 16 years and over

5,048 4,267 4,494 6.9 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2

16 to 19 years

575 534 513 19.8 17.7 17.1 17.5 18.7 18.3

16 to 17 years

270 207 206 25.7 15.4 18.0 21.2 20.5 20.6

18 to 19 years

300 319 313 15.9 18.3 16.7 15.7 17.5 17.1

20 years and over

4,473 3,733 3,980 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.7

20 to 24 years

808 668 734 10.9 11.1 9.0 10.2 9.1 9.8

25 years and over

3,701 3,078 3,278 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.2

25 to 54 years

3,011 2,443 2,507 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.4

25 to 34 years

1,129 1,008 1,035 7.3 7.3 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.6

35 to 44 years

913 728 720 6.1 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.8

45 to 54 years

970 706 752 5.9 4.9 4.7 4.7 4.3 4.6

55 years and over

659 647 741 4.2 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.1 4.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,974 1,572 1,548 4.3 3.8 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4

Married women, spouse present

1,666 1,359 1,432 4.6 4.2 3.9 4.0 3.8 4.0

Women who maintain families(1)

1,095 847 949 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.4 8.1 9.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

9,592 7,878 8,113 7.6 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.2 6.4

Part-time workers(3)

1,875 1,626 1,651 6.2 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5,934 4,670 4,867 5,894 5,489 5,236 5,018 4,862 4,859

On temporary layoff

1,337 1,002 1,131 1,197 1,051 1,021 1,003 1,029 996

Not on temporary layoff

4,597 3,668 3,737 4,697 4,438 4,215 4,015 3,833 3,863

Permanent job losers

3,548 2,695 2,622 3,589 3,295 3,077 2,946 2,806 2,718

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,049 974 1,115 1,107 1,143 1,138 1,069 1,027 1,145

Job leavers

996 816 887 970 815 784 875 854 862

Reentrants

3,450 2,948 3,074 3,234 3,037 2,620 2,857 2,707 2,848

New entrants

1,703 1,459 1,479 1,246 1,169 1,043 1,062 1,064 1,087

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

49.1 47.2 47.2 52.0 52.2 54.1 51.1 51.2 50.3

On temporary layoff

11.1 10.1 11.0 10.6 10.0 10.5 10.2 10.8 10.3

Not on temporary layoff

38.0 37.1 36.3 41.4 42.2 43.5 40.9 40.4 40.0

Job leavers

8.2 8.3 8.6 8.5 7.8 8.1 8.9 9.0 8.9

Reentrants

28.6 29.8 29.8 28.5 28.9 27.1 29.1 28.5 29.5

New entrants

14.1 14.7 14.3 11.0 11.1 10.8 10.8 11.2 11.3

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.8 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6

Reentrants

2.2 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8

New entrants

1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,842 3,239 2,933 2,548 2,461 2,447 2,559 2,410 2,587

5 to 14 weeks

3,348 2,207 2,923 2,826 2,581 2,359 2,390 2,416 2,431

15 weeks and over

5,892 4,448 4,452 6,031 5,417 4,985 4,814 4,553 4,566

15 to 26 weeks

1,570 1,443 1,244 1,786 1,677 1,533 1,441 1,472 1,412

27 weeks and over

4,322 3,005 3,207 4,246 3,739 3,452 3,374 3,081 3,155

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

35.3 31.4 30.8 36.7 35.6 35.1 34.5 33.5 32.4

Median duration, in weeks

13.8 11.3 11.3 15.8 16.3 16.0 14.6 13.1 13.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

23.5 32.7 28.5 22.3 23.5 25.0 26.2 25.7 27.0

5 to 14 weeks

27.7 22.3 28.4 24.8 24.7 24.1 24.5 25.8 25.4

15 weeks and over

48.8 45.0 43.2 52.9 51.8 50.9 49.3 48.5 47.6

15 to 26 weeks

13.0 14.6 12.1 15.7 16.0 15.7 14.8 15.7 14.7

27 weeks and over

35.8 30.4 31.1 37.2 35.8 35.3 34.6 32.8 32.9

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

145,113 147,265 12,083 10,307 7.7 6.5

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,064 55,381 2,286 2,011 4.1 3.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,754 23,490 737 656 3.1 2.7

Professional and related occupations

31,309 31,891 1,549 1,355 4.7 4.1

Service occupations

26,768 26,369 2,573 2,076 8.8 7.3

Sales and office occupations

33,142 33,616 2,450 2,168 6.9 6.1

Sales and related occupations

15,840 15,616 1,170 1,034 6.9 6.2

Office and administrative support occupations

17,301 18,000 1,280 1,135 6.9 5.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,973 14,150 1,288 1,048 8.4 6.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,157 1,179 78 94 6.3 7.4

Construction and extraction occupations

7,665 7,973 930 691 10.8 8.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,151 4,999 280 263 5.2 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,167 17,749 1,735 1,489 9.2 7.7

Production occupations

8,337 8,505 857 714 9.3 7.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,830 9,244 878 774 9.0 7.7

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

12,083 10,307 7.7 6.5

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,683 7,366 7.1 5.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

57 34 5.1 3.0

Construction

767 666 9.1 7.5

Manufacturing

1,082 825 6.9 5.2

Durable goods

619 510 6.3 5.2

Nondurable goods

463 315 7.8 5.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,389 1,283 6.8 6.2

Transportation and utilities

388 372 6.4 6.0

Information

172 128 5.8 4.5

Financial activities

412 341 4.5 3.6

Professional and business services

1,265 1,066 8.1 6.7

Education and health services

1,283 1,051 5.7 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

1,470 1,171 10.0 8.1

Other services

396 430 6.0 6.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

97 93 6.5 5.7

Government workers

1,073 937 5.3 4.6

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

528 432 5.0 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.7 2.8 2.8 3.9 3.5 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.8 3.0 3.1 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.7 6.3 6.5 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.2

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.3 6.7 7.0 7.9 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.5 6.6

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.1 7.5 7.8 8.7 8.0 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.5

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

14.3 12.4 12.6 13.9 12.7 12.3 12.2 12.1 12.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014
July
2013
July
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

88,560 90,451 34,630 35,503 53,930 54,947

Persons who currently want a job

6,862 6,624 3,113 2,851 3,749 3,773

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,414 2,178 1,260 1,069 1,154 1,108

Discouraged workers(2)

988 741 572 444 416 297

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,426 1,437 688 626 738 811

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,897 6,787 3,568 3,440 3,329 3,347

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.9 4.9

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,689 3,606 2,061 2,028 1,627 1,578

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,810 1,743 715 628 1,094 1,115

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

289 288 174 204 115 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,038 1,099 584 566 454 533

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
Change from:
June2014 - July2014(p)

Total nonfarm

136,050 139,184 139,776 138,666 136,434 138,497 138,795 139,004 209

Total private

115,513 116,929 117,904 118,031 114,603 116,614 116,884 117,082 198

Goods-producing

19,010 19,047 19,336 19,454 18,679 19,021 19,059 19,117 58

Mining and logging

881 900 915 930 867 903 908 916 8

Logging

53.3 52.4 55.1 56.9 51.7 54.1 54.9 55.2 0.3

Mining

827.3 847.6 860.3 872.8 815.3 849.1 852.7 860.8 8.1

Oil and gas extraction

199.7 209.6 212.9 214.5 197.5 210.1 211.4 212.3 0.9

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

215.4 214.1 217.5 218.3 209.5 211.5 211.5 212.5 1.0

Coal mining

79.7 78.5 79.3 79.5 79.5 78.3 78.8 79.2 0.4

Support activities for mining

412.2 423.9 429.9 440.0 408.3 427.5 429.8 436.0 6.2

Construction

6,089 6,052 6,212 6,309 5,830 6,009 6,019 6,041 22

Construction of buildings

1,326.5 1,340.9 1,383.5 1,403.5 1,286.1 1,347.1 1,355.9 1,361.6 5.7

Residential building

635.7 656.4 678.9 691.6 612.8 655.9 661.1 667.2 6.1

Nonresidential building

690.8 684.5 704.6 711.9 673.3 691.2 694.8 694.4 -0.4

Heavy and civil engineering construction

942.7 942.4 964.7 978.0 884.7 916.6 916.0 918.5 2.5

Specialty trade contractors

3,819.5 3,768.5 3,863.7 3,927.6 3,658.8 3,745.7 3,746.9 3,760.8 13.9

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,635.8 1,618.6 1,672.8 1,700.7 1,556.5 1,606.1 1,610.8 1,617.7 6.9

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,183.7 2,149.9 2,190.9 2,226.9 2,102.3 2,139.6 2,136.1 2,143.1 7.0

Manufacturing

12,040 12,095 12,209 12,215 11,982 12,109 12,132 12,160 28

Durable goods

7,540 7,647 7,715 7,711 7,526 7,644 7,665 7,695 30

Wood products

357.1 367.8 372.2 374.7 351.6 367.2 367.6 369.0 1.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

382.9 390.2 395.8 395.1 373.4 385.2 386.3 384.9 -1.4

Primary metals

391.8 398.9 400.8 401.3 391.9 398.1 399.8 401.5 1.7

Fabricated metal products

1,435.9 1,454.8 1,463.1 1,461.8 1,428.9 1,452.5 1,453.2 1,455.8 2.6

Machinery

1,106.8 1,124.1 1,133.4 1,134.4 1,102.0 1,124.1 1,127.5 1,128.6 1.1

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,073.3 1,052.2 1,059.8 1,064.7 1,067.7 1,055.4 1,056.2 1,057.8 1.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.2 162.8 166.3 169.0 159.5 164.0 165.5 166.7 1.2

Communications equipment

102.5 97.3 98.3 97.9 102.5 97.8 97.9 97.7 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

376.3 367.2 368.6 369.5 374.5 368.2 367.7 367.4 -0.3

Electronic instruments

394.5 386.3 387.4 389.2 392.7 386.8 386.2 387.1 0.9

Electrical equipment and appliances

375.2 373.5 375.3 375.0 373.1 374.3 374.0 373.0 -1.0

Transportation equipment(1)

1,474.2 1,538.4 1,562.0 1,548.7 1,499.4 1,540.2 1,553.8 1,573.0 19.2

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

794.3 852.1 869.5 859.7 818.6 854.7 864.7 879.3 14.6

Furniture and related products

362.4 366.8 371.2 374.0 358.6 366.2 367.2 370.4 3.2

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.4 580.0 581.8 581.3 579.7 580.8 579.8 580.9 1.1

Nondurable goods

4,500 4,448 4,494 4,504 4,456 4,465 4,467 4,465 -2

Food manufacturing

1,490.7 1,458.4 1,478.8 1,489.9 1,465.6 1,476.2 1,473.2 1,469.6 -3.6

Textile mills

117.2 116.5 117.8 117.3 117.0 116.7 116.9 117.1 0.2

Textile product mills

112.8 110.5 111.1 113.4 112.6 111.1 110.5 112.9 2.4

Apparel

140.1 132.4 132.7 131.0 141.0 132.2 132.3 132.1 -0.2

Paper and paper products

382.0 375.7 378.8 377.2 379.5 376.3 375.9 374.8 -1.1

Printing and related support activities

448.8 441.4 443.3 441.5 447.4 441.3 441.5 440.5 -1.0

Petroleum and coal products

113.5 114.1 116.8 116.3 110.8 113.0 113.8 113.6 -0.2

Chemicals

798.8 800.8 806.6 808.0 794.6 800.3 802.3 802.6 0.3

Plastics and rubber products

661.1 663.9 668.7 667.2 657.5 662.8 664.3 664.2 -0.1

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

234.5 234.1 239.7 242.6 229.8 234.7 236.2 237.5 1.3

Private service-providing

96,503 97,882 98,568 98,577 95,924 97,593 97,825 97,965 140

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,851 26,258 26,441 26,429 25,862 26,329 26,399 26,438 39

Wholesale trade

5,784.2 5,871.7 5,915.1 5,912.0 5,749.1 5,859.5 5,873.7 5,876.4 2.7

Durable goods

2,891.9 2,940.4 2,962.7 2,960.3 2,873.9 2,938.5 2,943.3 2,941.9 -1.4

Nondurable goods

1,997.2 2,018.7 2,033.4 2,032.1 1,984.7 2,008.9 2,016.6 2,019.3 2.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

895.1 912.6 919.0 919.6 890.5 912.1 913.8 915.2 1.4

Retail trade

15,089.5 15,232.2 15,352.4 15,393.3 15,088.8 15,318.5 15,359.7 15,386.4 26.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,812.6 1,854.5 1,875.9 1,878.7 1,794.0 1,846.5 1,858.7 1,859.4 0.7

Automobile dealers

1,145.5 1,174.0 1,183.4 1,186.0 1,138.5 1,171.8 1,176.5 1,178.6 2.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

439.2 442.2 443.0 442.9 445.3 448.4 449.1 449.4 0.3

Electronics and appliance stores

484.2 482.8 488.2 490.9 495.3 496.0 501.7 502.5 0.8

Building material and garden supply stores

1,243.2 1,297.2 1,293.6 1,272.3 1,209.0 1,225.9 1,233.6 1,236.2 2.6

Food and beverage stores

2,957.3 2,995.3 3,030.8 3,040.6 2,936.1 3,002.1 3,010.8 3,018.4 7.6

Health and personal care stores

1,009.7 1,013.1 1,017.0 1,018.8 1,013.7 1,018.5 1,018.9 1,021.9 3.0

Gasoline stations

883.1 877.4 888.4 889.0 869.1 876.8 876.2 875.0 -1.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,384.4 1,354.0 1,366.2 1,398.5 1,398.4 1,404.7 1,404.4 1,411.3 6.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

579.6 577.9 576.9 572.4 593.0 593.7 591.4 588.0 -3.4

General merchandise stores(1)

3,035.4 3,061.2 3,079.3 3,093.1 3,067.0 3,116.2 3,119.0 3,125.5 6.5

Department stores

1,317.2 1,299.2 1,304.7 1,313.4 1,344.0 1,339.7 1,339.6 1,339.3 -0.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

809.8 805.2 811.4 817.3 805.0 804.7 805.4 808.9 3.5

Nonstore retailers

451.0 471.4 481.7 478.8 462.9 485.0 490.5 489.9 -0.6

Transportation and warehousing

4,420.8 4,602.7 4,617.9 4,567.0 4,471.6 4,599.7 4,614.5 4,622.4 7.9

Air transportation

451.9 458.1 461.0 460.4 447.9 456.0 456.3 456.0 -0.3

Rail transportation

232.4 237.2 237.3 237.1 231.9 235.9 236.2 236.4 0.2

Water transportation

67.9 68.1 69.5 70.6 65.7 68.0 68.3 68.3 0.0

Truck transportation

1,398.5 1,405.8 1,422.7 1,427.6 1,379.6 1,402.5 1,406.4 1,408.7 2.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

365.2 468.7 443.2 382.0 430.9 450.5 449.6 449.5 -0.1

Pipeline transportation

44.4 45.3 45.7 46.0 44.1 45.3 45.5 45.6 0.1

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

37.3 32.5 36.6 38.0 28.8 30.1 29.4 29.6 0.2

Support activities for transportation

595.0 611.9 615.0 615.9 594.7 611.2 613.6 614.5 0.9

Couriers and messengers

521.1 544.3 551.5 548.0 538.1 561.9 567.2 569.4 2.2

Warehousing and storage

707.1 730.8 735.4 741.4 709.9 738.3 742.0 744.4 2.4

Utilities

556.7 551.8 555.5 557.1 552.4 551.0 551.2 552.4 1.2

Information

2,710 2,660 2,674 2,682 2,697 2,654 2,664 2,666 2

Publishing industries, except Internet

736.9 723.9 727.7 728.8 733.5 727.4 728.1 725.7 -2.4

Motion picture and sound recording industries

368.1 316.5 312.5 311.6 357.6 302.9 304.8 301.3 -3.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

283.9 289.1 292.9 294.6 284.7 290.8 292.6 294.7 2.1

Telecommunications

854.9 855.3 860.3 860.8 856.2 857.8 860.1 860.9 0.8

Data processing, hosting and related services

269.4 269.5 270.5 274.3 270.0 268.7 270.2 273.9 3.7

Other information services

196.7 205.8 210.2 211.9 194.8 206.8 208.6 209.8 1.2

Financial activities

7,967 7,919 7,997 8,022 7,901 7,927 7,944 7,951 7

Finance and insurance

5,912.0 5,869.7 5,905.4 5,927.2 5,891.9 5,885.1 5,894.2 5,902.4 8.2

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.2 18.1 18.3 18.4 18.0 18.2 18.2 18.2 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,636.3 2,563.2 2,574.9 2,579.3 2,626.9 2,569.8 2,571.3 2,568.4 -2.9

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,740.8 1,698.4 1,704.6 1,705.3 1,732.8 1,701.2 1,700.8 1,696.9 -3.9

Commercial banking

1,314.2 1,272.1 1,275.0 1,275.6 1,308.8 1,275.0 1,272.6 1,269.9 -2.7

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

872.1 871.4 876.8 884.9 867.1 874.3 873.9 879.6 5.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,385.4 2,417.0 2,435.4 2,444.6 2,379.9 2,422.8 2,430.8 2,436.2 5.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,054.5 2,048.9 2,091.4 2,094.9 2,009.2 2,041.4 2,049.3 2,048.8 -0.5

Real estate

1,492.7 1,479.9 1,506.5 1,508.0 1,465.5 1,478.3 1,483.2 1,481.1 -2.1

Rental and leasing services

538.2 546.9 562.6 564.6 520.4 540.7 543.9 545.7 1.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.6 22.1 22.3 22.3 23.3 22.4 22.2 22.0 -0.2

Professional and business services

18,718 19,150 19,351 19,374 18,621 19,149 19,222 19,269 47

Professional and technical services(1)

8,131.1 8,270.2 8,327.8 8,367.5 8,148.0 8,324.5 8,352.4 8,377.3 24.9

Legal services

1,143.3 1,131.7 1,145.6 1,147.1 1,132.0 1,135.2 1,136.1 1,135.9 -0.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

866.7 903.3 895.6 894.5 937.1 947.5 953.8 959.0 5.2

Architectural and engineering services

1,372.6 1,395.8 1,418.1 1,433.6 1,354.6 1,398.5 1,406.2 1,415.0 8.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,712.1 1,758.6 1,761.2 1,774.9 1,703.7 1,760.0 1,763.2 1,767.1 3.9

Management and technical consulting services

1,190.7 1,219.1 1,236.0 1,241.6 1,185.7 1,221.4 1,232.1 1,234.8 2.7

Management of companies and enterprises

2,114.8 2,129.7 2,149.1 2,157.9 2,101.4 2,133.2 2,136.5 2,142.9 6.4

Administrative and waste services

8,471.8 8,749.9 8,874.0 8,849.0 8,371.4 8,691.3 8,732.8 8,748.9 16.1

Administrative and support services(1)

8,084.8 8,370.4 8,486.1 8,455.9 7,994.6 8,311.6 8,351.5 8,366.4 14.9

Employment services(1)

3,321.7 3,557.2 3,609.4 3,584.5 3,341.5 3,569.7 3,591.4 3,605.1 13.7

Temporary help services

2,640.6 2,850.3 2,889.6 2,856.0 2,664.2 2,858.5 2,872.4 2,880.9 8.5

Business support services

842.3 849.1 853.9 851.8 855.4 860.2 864.6 864.8 0.2

Services to buildings and dwellings

2,010.0 2,009.2 2,056.8 2,062.6 1,893.4 1,931.0 1,940.8 1,945.0 4.2

Waste management and remediation services

387.0 379.5 387.9 393.1 376.8 379.7 381.3 382.5 1.2

Education and health services

20,762 21,484 21,270 21,137 21,108 21,421 21,466 21,483 17

Educational services

3,063.2 3,423.9 3,207.5 3,099.6 3,355.4 3,389.7 3,401.9 3,393.9 -8.0

Health care and social assistance

17,698.3 18,059.7 18,062.4 18,037.5 17,753.0 18,031.2 18,063.9 18,089.3 25.4

Health care(3)

14,522.5 14,702.6 14,742.4 14,748.2 14,504.1 14,703.6 14,723.8 14,730.8 7.0

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,487.8 6,650.8 6,675.9 6,693.0 6,489.7 6,652.0 6,670.2 6,691.5 21.3

Offices of physicians

2,434.8 2,480.7 2,490.5 2,499.7 2,436.4 2,487.2 2,492.3 2,499.8 7.5

Outpatient care centers

684.3 717.2 717.0 717.4 684.2 715.3 716.9 717.4 0.5

Home health care services

1,236.7 1,281.8 1,287.6 1,288.9 1,239.4 1,280.3 1,286.1 1,291.3 5.2

Hospitals

4,798.2 4,797.5 4,805.6 4,801.9 4,788.8 4,800.3 4,802.1 4,795.0 -7.1

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,236.5 3,254.3 3,260.9 3,253.3 3,225.6 3,251.3 3,251.5 3,244.3 -7.2

Nursing care facilities

1,654.9 1,653.3 1,657.8 1,650.6 1,650.5 1,651.4 1,652.3 1,646.4 -5.9

Social assistance(1)

3,175.8 3,357.1 3,320.0 3,289.3 3,248.9 3,327.6 3,340.1 3,358.5 18.4

Child day care services

771.5 887.5 842.9 801.3 838.8 861.8 865.4 868.8 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

14,965 14,873 15,264 15,353 14,272 14,603 14,626 14,647 21

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,345.4 2,179.5 2,364.8 2,421.7 2,026.4 2,096.7 2,096.2 2,098.4 2.2

Performing arts and spectator sports

432.5 464.8 466.7 465.8 409.3 440.6 443.0 441.9 -1.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

150.7 148.6 154.1 156.1 136.8 142.8 142.1 142.3 0.2

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,762.2 1,566.1 1,744.0 1,799.8 1,480.3 1,513.3 1,511.1 1,514.2 3.1

Accommodation and food services

12,619.5 12,693.6 12,899.0 12,931.5 12,245.7 12,505.9 12,529.7 12,548.3 18.6

Accommodation

2,012.7 1,884.2 1,975.0 2,023.8 1,863.6 1,878.1 1,874.1 1,874.1 0.0

Food services and drinking places

10,606.8 10,809.4 10,924.0 10,907.7 10,382.1 10,627.8 10,655.6 10,674.2 18.6

Other services

5,530 5,538 5,571 5,580 5,463 5,510 5,504 5,511 7

Repair and maintenance

1,213.6 1,227.9 1,223.6 1,221.2 1,207.2 1,217.5 1,215.3 1,214.6 -0.7

Personal and laundry services

1,351.2 1,379.7 1,379.9 1,377.3 1,342.8 1,365.3 1,363.2 1,368.2 5.0

Membership associations and organizations

2,965.6 2,930.3 2,967.6 2,981.0 2,913.2 2,927.5 2,925.6 2,928.3 2.7

Government

20,537 22,255 21,872 20,635 21,831 21,883 21,911 21,922 11

Federal

2,772.0 2,715.0 2,727.0 2,729.0 2,756.0 2,712.0 2,714.0 2,714.0 0.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,180.6 2,126.7 2,138.0 2,138.9 2,165.5 2,122.8 2,122.8 2,124.4 1.6

U.S. Postal Service

590.9 588.0 588.9 590.5 590.2 589.6 591.4 590.0 -1.4

State government

4,711.0 5,087.0 4,828.0 4,748.0 5,025.0 5,062.0 5,067.0 5,066.0 -1.0

State government education

2,041.4 2,418.7 2,146.5 2,067.5 2,372.0 2,401.6 2,406.4 2,403.4 -3.0

State government, excluding education

2,669.4 2,668.2 2,681.4 2,680.0 2,652.6 2,660.4 2,660.4 2,662.9 2.5

Local government

13,054.0 14,453.0 14,317.0 13,158.0 14,050.0 14,109.0 14,130.0 14,142.0 12.0

Local government education

6,549.9 8,143.0 7,826.0 6,593.2 7,779.1 7,793.4 7,813.9 7,816.0 2.1

Local government, excluding education

6,504.1 6,309.5 6,490.6 6,564.3 6,270.7 6,315.4 6,315.9 6,326.1 10.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.3 40.6 40.6 40.5

Mining and logging

44.0 44.4 44.9 44.4

Construction

38.9 39.1 39.1 39.3

Manufacturing

40.7 41.1 41.1 40.9

Durable goods

41.0 41.6 41.5 41.3

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.2 40.2 40.0

Private service-providing

33.2 33.3 33.3 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.4 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.9 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

31.5 31.3 31.2 31.3

Transportation and warehousing

38.6 38.6 38.3 38.5

Utilities

42.1 42.3 42.2 42.5

Information

36.8 36.9 36.9 36.6

Financial activities

37.0 37.3 37.2 37.1

Professional and business services

36.0 36.2 36.2 36.1

Education and health services

32.7 32.8 32.7 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

25.9 26.1 26.1 26.2

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.7 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.5 3.5 3.4

Durable goods

3.2 3.6 3.6 3.5

Nondurable goods

3.3 3.4 3.3 3.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

Total private

$23.97 $24.38 $24.44 $24.45 $824.57 $841.11 $843.18 $843.53

Goods-producing

25.16 25.63 25.75 25.77 1,013.95 1,040.58 1,045.45 1,043.69

Mining and logging

29.48 30.98 31.13 31.01 1,297.12 1,375.51 1,397.74 1,376.84

Construction

26.17 26.63 26.73 26.71 1,018.01 1,041.23 1,045.14 1,049.70

Manufacturing

24.36 24.73 24.84 24.89 991.45 1,016.40 1,020.92 1,018.00

Durable goods

25.77 26.06 26.20 26.24 1,056.57 1,084.10 1,087.30 1,083.71

Nondurable goods

21.92 22.38 22.44 22.48 878.99 899.68 902.09 899.20

Private service-providing

23.69 24.08 24.13 24.14 786.51 801.86 803.53 803.86

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.99 21.40 21.40 21.42 726.25 738.30 736.16 738.99

Wholesale trade

27.71 28.09 28.09 28.10 1,072.38 1,092.70 1,089.89 1,090.28

Retail trade

16.63 16.97 16.99 17.03 523.85 531.16 530.09 533.04

Transportation and warehousing

22.41 22.92 22.90 22.87 865.03 884.71 877.07 880.50

Utilities

35.20 35.47 35.43 35.45 1,481.92 1,500.38 1,495.15 1,506.63

Information

32.78 33.85 33.99 34.12 1,206.30 1,249.07 1,254.23 1,248.79

Financial activities

30.28 30.58 30.76 30.80 1,120.36 1,140.63 1,144.27 1,142.68

Professional and business services

28.50 29.11 29.16 29.20 1,026.00 1,053.78 1,055.59 1,054.12

Education and health services

24.44 24.64 24.66 24.67 799.19 808.19 806.38 809.18

Leisure and hospitality

13.50 13.80 13.83 13.86 349.65 360.18 360.96 363.13

Other services

21.40 21.78 21.89 21.88 678.38 692.60 693.91 693.60

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
Percent change from:
June
2014 - July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
Percent change from:
June
2014 - July
2014(p)

Total private

98.6 100.6 100.8 101.0 0.2 112.7 117.0 117.6 117.8 0.2

Goods-producing

85.8 88.0 88.2 88.2 0.0 97.5 101.9 102.6 102.7 0.1

Mining and logging

119.9 126.0 128.1 127.8 -0.2 141.9 156.7 160.1 159.1 -0.6

Construction

78.2 81.0 81.1 81.8 0.9 88.9 93.7 94.2 95.0 0.8

Manufacturing

87.7 89.5 89.7 89.5 -0.2 99.4 103.0 103.6 103.6 0.0

Durable goods

86.9 89.5 89.6 89.5 -0.1 99.4 103.6 104.2 104.3 0.1

Nondurable goods

89.2 89.6 89.6 89.1 -0.6 99.2 101.7 102.0 101.7 -0.3

Private service-providing

101.9 104.0 104.2 104.4 0.2 117.1 121.4 122.0 122.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.3 98.8 98.8 99.2 0.4 109.9 113.8 113.8 114.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

97.1 99.5 99.4 99.5 0.1 112.3 116.6 116.6 116.7 0.1

Retail trade

96.5 97.4 97.3 97.8 0.5 106.1 109.3 109.3 110.1 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

98.8 101.6 101.2 101.9 0.7 112.3 118.2 117.5 118.2 0.6

Utilities

100.6 100.8 100.6 101.6 1.0 117.0 118.2 117.8 119.0 1.0

Information

90.6 89.4 89.8 89.1 -0.8 105.8 107.8 108.7 108.3 -0.4

Financial activities

95.7 96.8 96.8 96.6 -0.2 113.1 115.5 116.1 116.1 0.0

Professional and business services

105.4 109.0 109.4 109.4 0.0 121.7 128.6 129.3 129.4 0.1

Education and health services

110.8 112.8 112.7 113.1 0.4 127.5 130.9 130.9 131.4 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

105.5 108.7 108.9 109.5 0.6 114.9 121.1 121.5 122.4 0.7

Other services

96.0 97.1 96.7 96.8 0.1 116.5 120.0 120.1 120.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

67,465 68,419 68,559 68,627 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

55,029 55,928 56,052 56,110 48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9

Goods-producing

4,112 4,166 4,173 4,166 22.0 21.9 21.9 21.8

Mining and logging

116 121 121 122 13.4 13.4 13.3 13.3

Construction

745 761 765 765 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,251 3,284 3,287 3,279 27.1 27.1 27.1 27.0

Durable goods

1,737 1,761 1,763 1,758 23.1 23.0 23.0 22.8

Nondurable goods

1,514 1,523 1,524 1,521 34.0 34.1 34.1 34.1

Private service-providing

50,917 51,762 51,879 51,944 53.1 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,473 10,667 10,686 10,705 40.5 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,703.9 1,732.5 1,737.1 1,737.3 29.6 29.6 29.6 29.6

Retail trade

7,579.0 7,714.5 7,726.2 7,737.6 50.2 50.4 50.3 50.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,053.5 1,086.3 1,089.4 1,094.8 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.7

Utilities

136.7 134.0 133.5 135.1 24.7 24.3 24.2 24.5

Information

1,074 1,066 1,072 1,073 39.8 40.2 40.2 40.2

Financial activities

4,550 4,542 4,554 4,553 57.6 57.3 57.3 57.3

Professional and business services

8,315 8,552 8,582 8,593 44.7 44.7 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

16,205 16,449 16,487 16,511 76.8 76.8 76.8 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,430 7,593 7,604 7,612 52.1 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,870 2,893 2,894 2,897 52.5 52.5 52.6 52.6

Government

12,436 12,491 12,507 12,517 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

Total private

94,660 96,398 96,626 96,796

Goods-producing

13,417 13,707 13,739 13,789

Mining and logging

637 662 663 666

Construction

4,397 4,535 4,540 4,556

Manufacturing

8,383 8,510 8,536 8,567

Durable goods

5,166 5,262 5,284 5,317

Nondurable goods

3,217 3,248 3,252 3,250

Private service-providing

81,243 82,691 82,887 83,007

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,874 22,244 22,303 22,320

Wholesale trade

4,635.4 4,738.2 4,754.5 4,748.3

Retail trade

12,934.3 13,082.0 13,115.3 13,129.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,858.2 3,978.1 3,987.3 3,995.0

Utilities

446.2 445.4 446.3 447.8

Information

2,196 2,155 2,162 2,167

Financial activities

6,083 6,119 6,136 6,149

Professional and business services

15,400 15,883 15,945 15,992

Education and health services

18,526 18,807 18,847 18,872

Leisure and hospitality

12,605 12,892 12,908 12,916

Other services

4,559 4,591 4,586 4,591

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.2 41.5 41.6 41.6

Mining and logging

45.9 47.0 47.4 47.2

Construction

39.5 39.5 39.6 39.9

Manufacturing

41.7 42.2 42.2 42.0

Durable goods

42.1 42.7 42.6 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.3 41.4 41.2

Private service-providing

32.2 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.6 33.5 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.7 38.6 38.5

Retail trade

30.0 29.9 29.9 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.5 38.3 38.4

Utilities

41.7 42.2 42.2 42.3

Information

35.9 36.1 36.0 36.0

Financial activities

36.5 36.7 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.5 35.4 35.5

Education and health services

31.9 32.0 32.0 31.9

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 25.1 25.1 25.1

Other services

30.6 30.7 30.6 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.6 4.5 4.4

Durable goods

4.3 4.8 4.7 4.6

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.2 4.3 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)

Total private

$20.15 $20.54 $20.57 $20.61 $675.03 $692.20 $693.21 $694.56

Goods-producing

21.22 21.55 21.57 21.63 874.26 894.33 897.31 899.81

Mining and logging

26.69 26.84 26.91 27.06 1,225.07 1,261.48 1,275.53 1,277.23

Construction

24.24 24.65 24.66 24.65 957.48 973.68 976.54 983.54

Manufacturing

19.27 19.55 19.57 19.64 803.56 825.01 825.85 824.88

Durable goods

20.34 20.67 20.66 20.74 856.31 882.61 880.12 881.45

Nondurable goods

17.51 17.68 17.74 17.77 719.66 730.18 734.44 732.12

Private service-providing

19.92 20.33 20.36 20.39 641.42 658.69 659.66 660.64

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.76 18.25 18.27 18.29 594.96 613.20 612.05 612.72

Wholesale trade

22.64 23.18 23.23 23.37 873.90 897.07 896.68 899.75

Retail trade

14.02 14.36 14.39 14.41 420.60 429.36 430.26 430.86

Transportation and warehousing

19.83 20.51 20.49 20.40 759.49 789.64 784.77 783.36

Utilities

32.24 32.82 32.81 32.71 1,344.41 1,385.00 1,384.58 1,383.63

Information

27.84 28.68 28.81 29.11 999.46 1,035.35 1,037.16 1,047.96

Financial activities

23.97 24.61 24.67 24.69 874.91 903.19 905.39 906.12

Professional and business services

23.72 24.18 24.23 24.23 834.94 858.39 857.74 860.17

Education and health services

21.30 21.55 21.56 21.57 679.47 689.60 689.92 688.08

Leisure and hospitality

11.78 12.01 12.02 12.06 292.14 301.45 301.70 302.71

Other services

17.98 18.33 18.41 18.47 550.19 562.73 563.35 565.18

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
Percent change from:
June
2014 - July
2014(p)
July
2013
May
2014
June
2014(p)
July
2014(p)
Percent change from:
June
2014 - July
2014(p)

Total private

105.7 108.3 108.5 108.7 0.2 142.3 148.6 149.2 149.7 0.3

Goods-producing

84.5 86.9 87.3 87.7 0.5 109.8 114.7 115.4 116.1 0.6

Mining and logging

155.4 165.3 167.0 167.0 0.0 241.2 258.1 261.4 262.9 0.6

Construction

87.0 89.7 90.0 91.0 1.1 113.8 119.4 119.9 121.1 1.0

Manufacturing

80.2 82.4 82.7 82.6 -0.1 101.1 105.4 105.8 106.1 0.3

Durable goods

81.7 84.4 84.6 84.9 0.4 103.8 109.0 109.1 109.9 0.7

Nondurable goods

77.9 79.0 79.3 78.9 -0.5 96.4 98.7 99.4 99.1 -0.3

Private service-providing

111.4 114.1 114.4 114.6 0.2 152.2 159.1 159.7 160.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.2 104.2 104.2 104.2 0.0 129.4 135.6 135.8 136.0 0.1

Wholesale trade

105.4 108.0 108.1 107.7 -0.4 140.5 147.5 147.9 148.2 0.2

Retail trade

98.2 99.0 99.3 99.4 0.1 118.0 121.9 122.4 122.7 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

111.2 115.3 115.0 115.5 0.4 139.9 150.0 149.4 149.4 0.0

Utilities

95.2 96.1 96.3 96.9 0.6 128.1 131.7 131.9 132.3 0.3

Information

90.0 88.8 88.8 89.0 0.2 124.0 126.1 126.7 128.3 1.3

Financial activities

104.5 105.7 106.0 106.2 0.2 154.1 160.1 160.9 161.4 0.3

Professional and business services

121.5 126.4 126.5 127.2 0.6 171.5 181.8 182.4 183.5 0.6

Education and health services

126.1 128.5 128.7 128.5 -0.2 177.3 182.6 183.1 182.9 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

114.5 118.5 118.7 118.7 0.0 153.2 161.7 162.0 162.6 0.4

Other services

97.8 98.8 98.4 98.5 0.1 128.2 132.0 132.0 132.6 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 01, 2014