Last Modified Date: June 09, 2016
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) measures the average cost to employers for wages
and salaries and benefits per employee hour worked.
ECEC includes the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local
government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed and farm and private household
workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector. The private industry series
and the state and local government series provide data for the two sectors separately.
Data for the March 2016 reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately
28,900 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 6,900 private industry establishments
and approximately 8,800 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,500 state and
local government establishments that provided data at the initial interview.
Comparing private and public sector data
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in
private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities
and occupational structures. Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private
industry work activities but are rare in state and local government. Professional and administrative
support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of the state and local government
workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.
ECEC quarterly publication focus
ECEC news releases are published quarterly, providing civilian, private industry, and state and local
government cost per hour estimates as well as additional detail on a specific compensation cost topic of
interest. This quarter focuses on employer compensation costs in selected metropolitan areas and health
benefit costs in private industry. Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as
* June 2016—Retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry
* September 2016—Compensation costs in state and local government
ECEC detailed information and measures
For detailed information on Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, see Chapter 8,”National
Compensation Measures,” of the BLS Handbook of Methods at: