Last Modified Date: March 12, 2013
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC) measures the average cost to employers for wages
and salaries and benefits per employee hour worked.
ECEC includes the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and state and local
government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed and farm and private household
workers. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector. The private industry series
and the state and local government series provide data for the two sectors separately.
The cost levels for this quarter were collected from a probability sample of approximately 46,300
occupations selected from a sample of about 9,300 establishments in private industry and approximately
9,200 occupations from a sample of about 1,400 establishments in state and local government.
Comparing private and public sector data
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels in
private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work activities
and occupational structures. Manufacturing and sales, for example, make up a large part of private
industry work activities but are rare in state and local government. Professional and administrative
support occupations (including teachers) account for two-thirds of the state and local government
workforce, compared with one-half of private industry.
ECEC quarterly publication focus
ECEC news releases are published quarterly, providing estimates on civilian, private industry, and state
and local government cost per hour worked as well as additional detail on a specific compensation cost
topic of interest. This quarter focuses on paid leave and legally required benefits costs in private
industry. Topics of news releases for the upcoming reference periods are as follows:
* March 2013—Health benefit costs in private industry
* June 2013—Retirement and savings benefit costs in private industry
* September 2013—Compensation costs in state and local government
ECEC detailed information and measures
For detailed information on the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, see Chapter 8, “National
Compensation Measures,” of the BLS Handbook of Methods at: