Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, third quarters 2011 and 2012 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
Third quarter 2012(p)

Total business process

885 1,125 14 57 702 54 30 76 112 60 20

Business demand

393 520 7 18 381 24 8 19 39 16 8

Contract cancellation

26 54 1 4 25 1 1 4 9 5 4

Contract
completion

263 300 1 7 260 9 2 5 8 8 -

Domestic competition

(2) 4 - - 2 1 - 1 - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

(2) 4 - - 3 - - - 1 - -

Import
competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

99 158 5 7 91 13 5 9 21 3 4

Organizational changes

62 149 5 11 48 7 10 18 32 10 8

Business-
ownership
change

11 28 1 3 10 1 2 4 5 2 -

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

51 121 4 8 38 6 8 14 27 8 8

Financial issues

63 122 2 6 56 10 5 16 19 6 2

Bankruptcy

9 16 - 2 7 - - 3 3 1 -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

29 59 1 1 26 5 5 9 8 2 2

Financial difficulty

25 47 1 3 23 5 - 4 8 3 -

Production
specific

(2) 37 - 5 18 1 1 2 5 3 2

Disaster/Safety

(2) 8 - 2 3 1 - 1 - 1 -

Seasonal

179 259 - 15 174 9 4 20 13 24 -

Other/
Miscellaneous

167 30 - - 22 2 2 - 4 - -
Third quarter 2011

Total business process

1,393 1,712 10 99 1,100 73 56 82 179 90 23

Business demand

629 811 4 33 600 37 20 24 57 26 10

Contract cancellation

36 68 1 7 33 3 2 3 12 5 2

Contract
completion

419 466 - 5 406 12 5 7 12 15 4

Domestic competition

(2) 4 - - 3 - - - 1 - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

4 7 - 1 4 - - 1 1 - -

Import
competition

(2) 1 - - 1 - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

166 265 3 20 153 22 13 13 31 6 4

Organizational changes

76 146 2 6 67 5 8 11 36 5 6

Business-
ownership
change

18 30 1 1 14 3 - 2 8 - 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

58 116 1 5 53 2 8 9 28 5 5

Financial issues

102 250 4 31 93 15 13 20 51 17 6

Bankruptcy

21 47 1 6 17 2 1 6 10 4 -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

44 116 1 14 41 9 9 8 22 8 4

Financial difficulty

37 87 2 11 35 4 3 6 19 5 2

Production
specific

17 27 - 2 16 1 2 1 5 - -

Disaster/Safety

9 19 - 1 9 1 3 1 4 - -

Seasonal

303 419 - 24 291 14 8 22 20 40 -

Other/
Miscellaneous

257 40 - 2 24 - 2 3 6 2 1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.