Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: August 2018 to August 2019(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
May
2019
June
2019
July
2019
Aug.
2019
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2018
to
Aug.
2019
Apr.
2019
to
May
2019
May
2019
to
June
2019
June
2019
to
July
2019
July
2019
to
Aug.
2019

Industrialized Countries(2)

98.2 (r)99.7 (r)100.0 100.2 0.2 -0.5 (r)1.5 (r)0.3 0.2

Canada

94.2 (r)98.3 (r)99.2 99.8 -0.7 -0.3 (r)4.4 (r)0.9 0.6

European Union

102.7 (r)102.7 (r)103.3 103.3 2.0 -0.4 (r)0.0 0.6 0.0

Germany

105.5 (r)105.8 106.9 106.9 2.8 0.2 (r)0.3 (r)1.0 0.0

Latin America(3)

101.8 (r)101.2 102.2 101.4 -0.9 -1.2 (r)-0.6 (r)1.0 -0.8

Mexico

(r)101.2 (r)101.2 (r)101.7 101.0 -1.9 (r)-0.6 0.0 (r)0.5 -0.7

Pacific Rim(4)

100.0 (r)100.1 (r)100.9 100.5 0.9 -0.7 (r)0.1 (r)0.8 -0.4

China

99.3 (r)99.3 (r)99.7 98.2 -1.5 -1.3 (r)0.0 (r)0.4 -1.5

Japan

98.8 (r)98.9 99.8 99.0 -0.5 -0.7 (r)0.1 (r)0.9 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(r) Revised

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available

 

Last Modified Date: September 13, 2019