HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2017

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,461 10,148 35,535 35,760 38,188 37,897 22,926 22,376 15,263 15,521 54,095 55,824

Participation rate

44.9 44.8 57.5 57.5 66.0 66.2 64.0 63.4 69.4 70.7 73.6 73.4

Employed

9,621 9,455 33,710 34,245 36,795 36,590 22,020 21,512 14,774 15,078 52,843 54,701

Employment-population ratio

41.3 41.8 54.6 55.1 63.6 63.9 61.5 61.0 67.1 68.7 71.9 72.0

Unemployed

840 693 1,825 1,515 1,394 1,307 905 864 488 443 1,252 1,123

Unemployment rate

8.0 6.8 5.1 4.2 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.9 3.2 2.9 2.3 2.0

Men

Civilian labor force

6,605 6,439 20,616 20,590 19,089 19,408 12,028 12,007 7,061 7,401 27,472 28,070

Participation rate

56.8 57.1 67.3 66.7 72.6 73.2 70.9 71.0 75.6 77.0 78.0 78.0

Employed

6,095 6,011 19,575 19,744 18,321 18,696 11,542 11,515 6,778 7,180 26,842 27,482

Employment-population ratio

52.4 53.3 63.9 64.0 69.6 70.5 68.0 68.1 72.6 74.7 76.2 76.4

Unemployed

511 428 1,041 846 768 712 486 491 283 220 631 589

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.6 5.0 4.1 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.0 2.3 2.1

Women

Civilian labor force

3,855 3,709 14,919 15,170 19,099 18,489 10,898 10,369 8,202 8,120 26,623 27,753

Participation rate

33.0 32.6 47.9 48.4 60.6 60.2 57.8 56.4 64.7 65.8 69.6 69.3

Employed

3,526 3,444 14,135 14,501 18,474 17,894 10,478 9,996 7,996 7,898 26,001 27,219

Employment-population ratio

30.1 30.3 45.4 46.3 58.6 58.3 55.6 54.4 63.1 64.0 68.0 68.0

Unemployed

329 265 784 669 626 595 420 373 206 223 621 534

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.1 5.3 4.4 3.3 3.2 3.9 3.6 2.5 2.7 2.3 1.9

White

Civilian labor force

8,133 7,996 27,729 27,793 29,733 29,362 17,489 17,071 12,244 12,290 42,783 43,988

Participation rate

46.1 46.8 56.7 56.8 65.1 65.1 62.7 61.8 69.1 70.3 73.2 72.8

Employed

7,531 7,497 26,417 26,665 28,722 28,456 16,858 16,494 11,864 11,962 41,877 43,181

Employment-population ratio

42.7 43.9 54.0 54.5 62.9 63.1 60.4 59.7 66.9 68.5 71.7 71.5

Unemployed

602 499 1,312 1,128 1,011 905 632 577 380 328 906 807

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.2 4.7 4.1 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.4 3.1 2.7 2.1 1.8

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,288 1,116 5,083 5,302 5,710 5,710 3,667 3,654 2,043 2,056 4,770 5,067

Participation rate

38.6 34.1 59.2 59.9 70.4 70.1 69.2 68.9 72.7 72.5 76.1 78.4

Employed

1,090 982 4,697 4,993 5,426 5,431 3,464 3,449 1,962 1,982 4,598 4,909

Employment-population ratio

32.7 30.0 54.7 56.4 66.9 66.7 65.4 65.0 69.8 69.8 73.4 76.0

Unemployed

198 134 386 309 284 279 203 205 81 75 172 158

Unemployment rate

15.4 12.0 7.6 5.8 5.0 4.9 5.5 5.6 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.1

Asian

Civilian labor force

509 493 1,491 1,478 1,433 1,437 878 754 555 683 5,308 5,495

Participation rate

38.3 39.4 61.1 60.0 66.3 68.1 66.8 64.7 65.5 72.3 73.2 72.8

Employed

497 483 1,444 1,451 1,403 1,389 857 739 546 650 5,188 5,372

Employment-population ratio

37.3 38.6 59.2 58.9 65.0 65.8 65.2 63.5 64.5 68.7 71.5 71.2

Unemployed

13 10 47 27 29 48 21 14 9 34 121 123

Unemployment rate

2.5 2.0 3.1 1.8 2.1 3.4 2.4 1.9 1.5 4.9 2.3 2.2

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,882 5,637 6,870 7,419 5,295 5,247 3,390 3,273 1,905 1,975 4,546 4,755

Participation rate

59.7 58.7 68.6 70.6 75.0 74.1 74.8 73.2 75.3 75.8 79.2 78.2

Employed

5,487 5,296 6,504 7,104 5,095 5,067 3,261 3,142 1,834 1,925 4,439 4,615

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.2 65.0 67.6 72.2 71.6 72.0 70.3 72.5 73.9 77.4 75.9

Unemployed

395 341 366 315 200 180 129 130 71 50 107 141

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.1 5.3 4.3 3.8 3.4 3.8 4.0 3.7 2.5 2.4 3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 05, 2018