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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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HOUSEHOLD DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
A-17. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's
degree
and higher(2)
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019
Oct.
2018
Oct.
2019

TOTAL

Civilian labor force

10,078 9,588 36,254 36,439 37,808 37,881 22,101 21,794 15,707 16,086 58,022 59,700

Participation rate

46.9 46.3 57.8 58.0 65.7 65.3 63.0 62.3 69.9 70.0 73.6 74.0

Employed

9,567 9,137 34,879 35,160 36,706 36,862 21,375 21,138 15,331 15,725 56,890 58,520

Employment-population ratio

44.5 44.1 55.6 56.0 63.8 63.6 61.0 60.4 68.2 68.4 72.2 72.6

Unemployed

510 452 1,375 1,279 1,102 1,018 726 657 376 362 1,132 1,180

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.7 3.8 3.5 2.9 2.7 3.3 3.0 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.0

Men

Civilian labor force

6,483 6,019 21,332 21,537 19,312 19,509 11,891 11,713 7,421 7,797 28,626 29,182

Participation rate

60.0 58.4 67.9 67.8 72.4 72.4 70.6 69.9 75.5 76.5 77.3 77.4

Employed

6,198 5,779 20,540 20,821 18,801 19,072 11,556 11,432 7,245 7,641 28,067 28,604

Employment-population ratio

57.3 56.0 65.4 65.6 70.5 70.8 68.6 68.2 73.7 75.0 75.8 75.8

Unemployed

284 241 792 715 511 437 334 281 176 156 559 578

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.0 3.7 3.3 2.6 2.2 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.0 2.0 2.0

Women

Civilian labor force

3,595 3,569 14,922 14,903 18,496 18,371 10,210 10,082 8,286 8,290 29,396 30,519

Participation rate

33.7 34.3 47.7 48.0 59.9 59.2 56.0 55.3 65.5 64.8 70.3 71.1

Employed

3,369 3,358 14,339 14,339 17,905 17,790 9,819 9,706 8,086 8,084 28,823 29,916

Employment-population ratio

31.5 32.3 45.8 46.2 58.0 57.3 53.9 53.3 63.9 63.1 69.0 69.7

Unemployed

226 211 583 564 591 581 391 375 200 206 573 603

Unemployment rate

6.3 5.9 3.9 3.8 3.2 3.2 3.8 3.7 2.4 2.5 1.9 2.0

White

Civilian labor force

8,009 7,606 28,233 28,132 29,251 29,209 16,894 16,498 12,357 12,712 44,997 46,426

Participation rate

48.6 48.1 57.2 57.5 64.7 64.2 61.7 60.6 69.4 69.6 72.9 73.3

Employed

7,673 7,302 27,310 27,218 28,524 28,507 16,444 16,051 12,080 12,456 44,209 45,614

Employment-population ratio

46.6 46.2 55.3 55.7 63.1 62.7 60.0 59.0 67.9 68.2 71.6 72.1

Unemployed

336 303 924 915 726 702 450 446 276 256 788 812

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.0 3.3 3.3 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.2 2.0 1.8 1.7

Black or African American

Civilian labor force

1,072 986 5,183 5,526 5,667 5,640 3,538 3,490 2,129 2,150 5,840 5,730

Participation rate

36.9 36.3 59.4 59.0 69.9 69.4 68.7 67.5 72.1 72.6 77.8 77.6

Employed

946 899 4,837 5,224 5,394 5,428 3,333 3,335 2,061 2,093 5,651 5,550

Employment-population ratio

32.6 33.1 55.4 55.8 66.5 66.7 64.7 64.5 69.8 70.7 75.3 75.1

Unemployed

126 87 346 302 272 213 205 155 67 58 189 180

Unemployment rate

11.8 8.8 6.7 5.5 4.8 3.8 5.8 4.4 3.2 2.7 3.2 3.1

Asian

Civilian labor force

427 517 1,482 1,484 1,427 1,430 764 780 663 651 5,972 6,238

Participation rate

38.4 39.4 60.4 60.5 66.4 69.7 63.9 69.2 69.6 70.2 74.2 75.5

Employed

416 487 1,450 1,470 1,369 1,398 728 776 640 622 5,847 6,075

Employment-population ratio

37.4 37.2 59.1 59.9 63.7 68.1 60.9 68.9 67.2 67.1 72.6 73.5

Unemployed

12 30 32 14 58 32 35 3 23 29 124 164

Unemployment rate

2.7 5.8 2.1 0.9 4.1 2.3 4.6 0.4 3.4 4.5 2.1 2.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian labor force

5,849 5,391 7,620 7,850 5,474 5,876 3,415 3,622 2,059 2,254 4,876 5,548

Participation rate

60.0 58.4 70.4 71.6 73.3 74.9 71.7 73.4 76.1 77.4 77.5 79.4

Employed

5,591 5,228 7,343 7,603 5,320 5,720 3,325 3,508 1,995 2,212 4,763 5,402

Employment-population ratio

57.4 56.6 67.8 69.4 71.2 72.9 69.8 71.1 73.8 75.9 75.7 77.3

Unemployed

257 164 277 246 154 155 90 113 64 42 113 146

Unemployment rate

4.4 3.0 3.6 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.6 3.1 3.1 1.9 2.3 2.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: November 01, 2019