A to Z Index  |  FAQs  |  About BLS  |  Contact Us    
Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment 2016 2017 2018 2019
3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,683 10,577 10,315 10,247 10,558 10,240 10,262 10,354 10,240 10,247 10,158 9,979 9,979

Participation rate

46.0 45.1 45.6 45.2 46.5 45.5 45.8 45.7 46.4 46.8 46.1 45.1 46.7

Employed

9,886 9,771 9,571 9,588 9,860 9,644 9,692 9,772 9,683 9,653 9,586 9,444 9,468

Employment-population ratio

42.6 41.7 42.3 42.3 43.4 42.8 43.2 43.1 43.9 44.1 43.5 42.7 44.3

Unemployed

796 806 744 658 698 596 570 582 557 594 572 535 511

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.6 7.2 6.4 6.6 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.1

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,720 35,848 35,810 36,025 35,773 35,867 35,891 35,789 36,285 36,053 36,171 35,934 36,306

Participation rate

57.2 57.8 57.9 57.9 57.5 57.4 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.8 58.2 57.7 57.5

Employed

33,893 33,991 34,031 34,358 34,115 34,330 34,314 34,321 34,872 34,686 34,818 34,633 35,003

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.8 55.0 55.2 54.8 55.0 54.9 55.1 55.3 55.6 56.0 55.6 55.5

Unemployed

1,827 1,857 1,779 1,666 1,658 1,537 1,577 1,468 1,414 1,367 1,353 1,301 1,302

Unemployment rate

5.1 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,791 38,053 37,926 37,521 37,474 37,865 37,704 37,842 37,396 37,393 37,273 37,368 37,461

Participation rate

66.7 66.1 66.0 65.6 65.7 66.1 65.7 65.4 65.4 65.4 65.3 64.8 65.2

Employed

36,198 36,587 36,482 36,080 36,084 36,486 36,396 36,582 36,161 36,213 36,041 36,260 36,313

Employment-population ratio

63.8 63.5 63.5 63.1 63.3 63.7 63.5 63.2 63.2 63.3 63.2 62.9 63.2

Unemployed

1,593 1,466 1,444 1,441 1,390 1,379 1,309 1,260 1,235 1,180 1,232 1,109 1,148

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.1

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

54,117 54,112 54,525 55,075 55,701 55,682 56,417 56,739 57,340 58,374 58,521 58,370 58,848

Participation rate

74.0 73.9 73.6 74.0 74.0 73.6 73.7 74.1 73.8 73.6 73.7 73.8 73.7

Employed

52,738 52,764 53,204 53,771 54,409 54,505 55,180 55,528 56,150 57,125 57,236 57,145 57,611

Employment-population ratio

72.1 72.1 71.9 72.2 72.3 72.1 72.1 72.5 72.2 72.0 72.1 72.3 72.2

Unemployed

1,379 1,348 1,320 1,304 1,292 1,177 1,237 1,211 1,190 1,249 1,285 1,225 1,237

Unemployment rate

2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 04, 2019