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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links
HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-3. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment 2019 2020 2021 2022
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

10,160 10,014 9,986 9,737 9,510 8,447 8,552 9,208 9,026 8,970 9,188 8,843 8,915

Participation rate

46.1 45.2 46.7 46.4 46.4 42.8 44.6 45.6 45.1 43.6 46.0 45.5 45.6

Employed

9,592 9,490 9,477 9,199 8,932 6,839 7,464 8,316 8,205 8,114 8,426 8,309 8,448

Employment-population ratio

43.6 42.9 44.4 43.8 43.5 34.7 38.9 41.2 41.0 39.5 42.1 42.7 43.2

Unemployed

568 524 508 538 578 1,607 1,087 893 822 857 763 534 468

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.2 5.1 5.5 6.1 19.0 12.7 9.7 9.1 9.6 8.3 6.0 5.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,189 35,969 36,399 36,078 35,907 33,704 34,459 35,156 34,360 34,926 35,143 35,518 36,833

Participation rate

58.2 57.8 57.7 57.9 58.1 55.2 55.3 55.5 54.8 55.7 55.4 55.5 56.7

Employed

34,815 34,685 35,107 34,737 34,459 28,572 31,068 32,338 31,970 32,511 33,061 33,733 35,227

Employment-population ratio

56.0 55.7 55.6 55.8 55.8 46.8 49.8 51.0 51.0 51.8 52.1 52.7 54.2

Unemployed

1,374 1,284 1,293 1,340 1,447 5,132 3,390 2,818 2,390 2,415 2,082 1,786 1,606

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.6 3.6 3.7 4.0 15.2 9.8 8.0 7.0 6.9 5.9 5.0 4.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,308 37,423 37,471 37,455 37,312 36,435 36,216 35,770 35,587 35,892 35,805 35,430 35,422

Participation rate

65.4 64.9 65.2 64.7 64.7 63.4 63.6 62.5 62.8 63.3 63.1 62.7 63.4

Employed

36,055 36,335 36,349 36,379 36,104 31,593 33,162 33,430 33,469 33,783 34,107 34,057 34,200

Employment-population ratio

63.2 63.0 63.3 62.8 62.6 55.0 58.2 58.5 59.1 59.5 60.1 60.3 61.2

Unemployed

1,252 1,088 1,122 1,076 1,208 4,843 3,054 2,341 2,118 2,110 1,699 1,372 1,223

Unemployment rate

3.4 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.2 13.3 8.4 6.5 6.0 5.9 4.7 3.9 3.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

58,467 58,383 58,858 59,841 60,193 60,769 61,184 59,702 60,690 60,641 60,835 61,134 61,766

Participation rate

73.7 73.8 73.7 73.8 73.3 72.0 72.3 72.0 72.0 72.3 72.3 72.1 72.6

Employed

57,175 57,152 57,642 58,644 58,911 56,194 57,777 57,265 58,353 58,603 59,141 59,758 60,445

Employment-population ratio

72.0 72.3 72.2 72.3 71.7 66.6 68.3 69.1 69.3 69.9 70.2 70.4 71.0

Unemployed

1,291 1,231 1,216 1,197 1,282 4,575 3,407 2,437 2,337 2,038 1,694 1,375 1,321

Unemployment rate

2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.1 7.5 5.6 4.1 3.9 3.4 2.8 2.2 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Detail for the data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals for those 25 years and over because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 01, 2022