HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2016 2017 2018 2019
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777 199,082 199,381 199,803 200,040 200,356 200,687 200,446 200,660

Civilian labor force

124,532 124,784 124,773 124,739 124,766 125,181 125,067 125,607 125,710 125,560 126,371 126,356 126,041

Participation rate

62.9 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.8 62.9 62.7 62.9 62.8 62.7 63.0 63.0 62.8

Employed

119,195 119,396 119,431 119,678 120,041 120,487 120,511 121,107 121,294 121,363 122,092 122,064 121,984

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.4 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.6 60.6 60.8 60.9 60.8

Unemployed

5,337 5,387 5,342 5,061 4,725 4,694 4,556 4,501 4,416 4,197 4,279 4,292 4,057

Unemployment rate

4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.2

Not in labor force

73,485 73,597 73,968 73,788 74,012 73,902 74,314 74,196 74,330 74,796 74,315 74,090 74,619

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,057 65,329 65,278 65,171 65,209 65,342 65,446 65,822 65,862 65,601 65,947 66,039 65,901

Participation rate

71.9 72.1 71.9 71.8 71.8 71.8 71.8 72.0 71.9 71.5 71.8 71.9 71.7

Employed

62,501 62,638 62,655 62,725 62,949 63,084 63,290 63,617 63,714 63,619 63,930 63,971 63,982

Employment-population ratio

69.1 69.1 69.0 69.1 69.3 69.3 69.4 69.6 69.6 69.3 69.6 69.7 69.6

Unemployed

2,556 2,691 2,623 2,446 2,261 2,258 2,156 2,205 2,148 1,981 2,017 2,068 1,919

Unemployment rate

3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,897 54,794 54,874 55,018 54,979 55,330 55,080 55,112 55,295 55,429 55,864 55,787 55,634

Participation rate

57.7 57.5 57.4 57.6 57.5 57.8 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.6 57.9 57.9 57.6

Employed

52,757 52,762 52,793 52,977 53,052 53,409 53,274 53,370 53,527 53,724 54,104 54,083 53,998

Employment-population ratio

55.4 55.3 55.2 55.5 55.5 55.8 55.6 55.6 55.7 55.8 56.1 56.1 56.0

Unemployed

2,140 2,033 2,081 2,042 1,926 1,921 1,806 1,742 1,767 1,706 1,760 1,703 1,635

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.1 2.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,579 4,661 4,621 4,549 4,577 4,509 4,541 4,673 4,554 4,530 4,560 4,531 4,507

Participation rate

37.1 37.7 37.4 36.9 37.1 36.5 36.8 37.9 37.0 36.8 37.1 36.9 36.8

Employed

3,938 3,997 3,983 3,976 4,039 3,994 3,947 4,120 4,053 4,020 4,058 4,009 4,003

Employment-population ratio

31.9 32.4 32.2 32.2 32.7 32.4 32.0 33.4 32.9 32.7 33.0 32.7 32.7

Unemployed

641 663 638 573 538 515 594 553 501 510 502 522 503

Unemployment rate

14.0 14.2 13.8 12.6 11.8 11.4 13.1 11.8 11.0 11.3 11.0 11.5 11.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193 32,296 32,403 32,607 32,704 32,810 32,922 32,897 32,984

Civilian labor force

19,476 19,716 19,854 19,983 20,060 20,145 20,162 20,407 20,300 20,461 20,492 20,545 20,527

Participation rate

61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3 62.4 62.2 62.6 62.1 62.4 62.2 62.5 62.2

Employed

17,796 18,084 18,253 18,412 18,542 18,663 18,727 18,959 19,021 19,175 19,210 19,144 19,233

Employment-population ratio

55.9 56.6 56.9 57.4 57.6 57.8 57.8 58.1 58.2 58.4 58.3 58.2 58.3

Unemployed

1,680 1,632 1,601 1,571 1,517 1,482 1,434 1,447 1,278 1,287 1,282 1,401 1,294

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.3 8.1 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.1 7.1 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.8 6.3

Not in labor force

12,353 12,230 12,214 12,113 12,134 12,152 12,242 12,200 12,405 12,348 12,430 12,352 12,457

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,965 8,983 9,031 9,114 9,102 9,220 9,208 9,345 9,271 9,356 9,331 9,394 9,394

Participation rate

67.7 67.5 67.6 68.1 67.7 68.4 68.0 68.5 67.7 68.0 67.6 68.0 67.8

Employed

8,202 8,261 8,330 8,395 8,487 8,554 8,563 8,738 8,681 8,795 8,765 8,731 8,804

Employment-population ratio

61.9 62.1 62.3 62.7 63.2 63.4 63.2 64.1 63.4 64.0 63.5 63.2 63.6

Unemployed

763 722 701 719 614 667 646 607 590 561 567 663 590

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.0 7.8 7.9 6.7 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.0 6.1 7.1 6.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,782 9,987 10,110 10,133 10,184 10,142 10,230 10,269 10,295 10,401 10,330 10,367 10,425

Participation rate

60.9 61.9 62.5 62.6 62.7 62.2 62.6 62.4 62.4 62.8 62.1 62.4 62.6

Employed

9,076 9,274 9,399 9,464 9,471 9,508 9,612 9,637 9,768 9,812 9,787 9,815 9,879

Employment-population ratio

56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.3 58.3 58.8 58.6 59.2 59.2 58.9 59.1 59.3

Unemployed

706 713 710 669 712 634 618 632 527 589 542 552 546

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.1 7.0 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.2 5.1 5.7 5.2 5.3 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

729 746 713 736 774 782 723 793 734 705 831 785 708

Participation rate

29.0 29.7 28.3 29.3 30.8 31.2 28.8 31.6 29.4 28.2 33.3 31.7 28.7

Employed

518 549 524 553 584 601 553 585 572 568 657 598 549

Employment-population ratio

20.7 21.8 20.8 22.0 23.2 24.0 22.0 23.3 22.9 22.8 26.4 24.2 22.3

Unemployed

210 197 189 183 191 181 171 208 162 137 173 187 159

Unemployment rate

28.9 26.4 26.6 24.9 24.7 23.1 23.6 26.3 22.0 19.4 20.9 23.8 22.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396 15,371 15,482 15,835 15,914 16,009 16,088 16,111 16,403

Civilian labor force

9,472 9,694 9,704 9,666 9,792 9,884 9,778 9,970 10,042 10,240 10,292 10,356 10,336

Participation rate

63.4 63.5 63.1 63.5 63.6 64.3 63.2 63.0 63.1 64.0 64.0 64.3 63.0

Employed

9,113 9,313 9,407 9,328 9,452 9,511 9,501 9,668 9,770 9,912 9,978 10,035 10,102

Employment-population ratio

61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.9 61.4 61.1 61.4 61.9 62.0 62.3 61.6

Unemployed

359 381 297 338 340 374 277 302 272 328 314 321 234

Unemployment rate

3.8 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.8 2.8 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.3

Not in labor force

5,469 5,582 5,663 5,557 5,604 5,487 5,704 5,865 5,871 5,769 5,796 5,755 6,067

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242 41,492 41,749 42,334 42,593 42,863 43,145 43,126 43,371

Civilian labor force

26,605 26,959 27,029 27,204 27,226 27,497 27,426 27,931 28,265 28,381 28,765 28,879 28,697

Participation rate

65.6 66.0 65.8 66.3 66.0 66.3 65.7 66.0 66.4 66.2 66.7 67.0 66.2

Employed

25,038 25,385 25,465 25,718 25,854 26,083 26,094 26,539 26,925 27,087 27,497 27,541 27,481

Employment-population ratio

61.7 62.2 62.0 62.7 62.7 62.9 62.5 62.7 63.2 63.2 63.7 63.9 63.4

Unemployed

1,567 1,574 1,564 1,486 1,372 1,414 1,333 1,392 1,340 1,294 1,268 1,338 1,216

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.0 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.2

Not in labor force

13,954 13,867 14,072 13,798 14,016 13,994 14,323 14,403 14,328 14,482 14,379 14,246 14,674

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,677 14,863 14,889 14,910 14,927 15,083 15,029 15,337 15,500 15,454 15,565 15,735 15,667

Participation rate

80.3 80.8 80.4 80.8 80.4 80.7 79.9 80.3 80.6 79.9 79.9 80.8 80.0

Employed

13,986 14,120 14,140 14,235 14,322 14,415 14,450 14,693 14,895 14,896 15,008 15,123 15,103

Employment-population ratio

76.5 76.7 76.3 77.1 77.1 77.2 76.9 76.9 77.5 77.0 77.0 77.7 77.1

Unemployed

691 743 749 675 605 668 580 644 605 558 557 612 564

Unemployment rate

4.7 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.1 4.4 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,732 10,927 10,979 11,093 11,048 11,183 11,185 11,307 11,520 11,662 11,876 11,868 11,819

Participation rate

58.0 58.6 58.5 59.2 58.6 59.0 58.6 58.5 59.3 59.6 60.3 60.3 59.7

Employed

10,068 10,290 10,373 10,479 10,459 10,606 10,624 10,751 10,957 11,117 11,354 11,350 11,348

Employment-population ratio

54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.5 55.9 55.7 55.7 56.4 56.8 57.6 57.6 57.3

Unemployed

663 637 606 613 590 576 561 556 563 545 522 519 472

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,197 1,169 1,161 1,201 1,250 1,232 1,212 1,287 1,244 1,265 1,325 1,275 1,210

Participation rate

31.8 30.9 30.5 31.5 32.6 32.0 31.3 32.9 31.7 32.1 33.4 32.2 30.4

Employed

984 975 952 1,004 1,074 1,061 1,020 1,096 1,073 1,074 1,135 1,068 1,030

Employment-population ratio

26.1 25.7 25.0 26.3 28.0 27.5 26.4 28.0 27.3 27.2 28.6 26.9 25.9

Unemployed

213 194 209 197 177 170 192 191 171 191 190 207 180

Unemployment rate

17.8 16.6 18.0 16.4 14.1 13.8 15.8 14.9 13.7 15.1 14.3 16.2 14.9

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 05, 2019