HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2014 2015 2016 2017
4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777 199,082 199,381

Civilian labor force

123,444 123,705 123,638 123,372 123,732 124,657 124,545 124,730 124,724 124,833 124,783 125,105 125,022

Participation rate

63.0 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.7 63.0 62.9 62.9 62.8 62.9 62.8 62.8 62.7

Employed

117,457 117,769 117,841 117,909 118,303 119,313 119,204 119,354 119,405 119,745 120,052 120,427 120,489

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.3 60.2 60.2 60.1 60.3 60.4 60.5 60.4

Unemployed

5,987 5,936 5,797 5,463 5,429 5,344 5,341 5,376 5,319 5,088 4,730 4,678 4,534

Unemployment rate

4.9 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6

Not in labor force

72,550 72,688 73,039 73,655 73,641 73,065 73,472 73,651 74,017 73,694 73,995 73,978 74,359

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,457 64,760 64,738 64,678 64,660 65,123 65,083 65,273 65,220 65,256 65,246 65,267 65,383

Participation rate

72.0 72.3 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.1 71.9 72.0 71.8 71.9 71.8 71.7 71.7

Employed

61,633 61,853 61,959 62,010 62,036 62,579 62,520 62,597 62,618 62,787 62,976 63,028 63,248

Employment-population ratio

68.9 69.0 69.0 68.9 68.8 69.3 69.1 69.1 68.9 69.2 69.3 69.3 69.4

Unemployed

2,824 2,906 2,780 2,668 2,624 2,544 2,564 2,677 2,602 2,468 2,270 2,239 2,135

Unemployment rate

4.4 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.4 3.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,448 54,393 54,364 54,289 54,606 54,910 54,886 54,803 54,892 55,003 54,965 55,337 55,107

Participation rate

57.8 57.6 57.5 57.3 57.5 57.8 57.7 57.5 57.4 57.6 57.5 57.8 57.5

Employed

51,985 52,073 52,041 52,110 52,432 52,763 52,746 52,766 52,814 52,962 53,038 53,412 53,305

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.3 55.3 55.5 55.5 55.8 55.6

Unemployed

2,463 2,320 2,323 2,179 2,174 2,147 2,140 2,037 2,078 2,041 1,927 1,925 1,802

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.3 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,539 4,553 4,535 4,405 4,466 4,624 4,575 4,653 4,612 4,575 4,572 4,501 4,532

Participation rate

36.8 36.9 36.8 35.8 36.3 37.5 37.1 37.7 37.3 37.1 37.0 36.5 36.7

Employed

3,839 3,842 3,841 3,789 3,835 3,971 3,938 3,991 3,973 3,996 4,038 3,987 3,936

Employment-population ratio

31.1 31.1 31.2 30.8 31.1 32.2 31.9 32.3 32.2 32.4 32.7 32.3 31.9

Unemployed

700 710 694 616 631 653 637 662 639 579 534 513 596

Unemployment rate

15.4 15.6 15.3 14.0 14.1 14.1 13.9 14.2 13.9 12.7 11.7 11.4 13.2

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193 32,296 32,403

Civilian labor force

19,026 19,054 19,430 19,344 19,424 19,508 19,474 19,718 19,848 19,993 20,054 20,149 20,154

Participation rate

61.4 61.0 62.0 61.5 61.6 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3 62.4 62.2

Employed

16,990 17,119 17,513 17,561 17,689 17,787 17,796 18,094 18,247 18,406 18,544 18,676 18,721

Employment-population ratio

54.8 54.8 55.9 55.9 56.1 56.1 55.9 56.6 56.9 57.3 57.6 57.8 57.8

Unemployed

2,036 1,935 1,917 1,783 1,735 1,721 1,677 1,623 1,600 1,587 1,509 1,473 1,433

Unemployment rate

10.7 10.2 9.9 9.2 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.1

Not in labor force

11,979 12,169 11,897 12,095 12,132 12,208 12,355 12,228 12,220 12,103 12,140 12,148 12,250

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,668 8,689 8,871 8,755 8,773 8,875 8,969 8,985 9,029 9,109 9,104 9,224 9,207

Participation rate

67.5 67.1 68.2 67.0 66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6 68.0 67.8 68.4 68.0

Employed

7,737 7,807 8,002 7,970 7,974 8,121 8,202 8,267 8,322 8,396 8,486 8,561 8,556

Employment-population ratio

60.3 60.3 61.5 61.0 60.8 61.5 61.9 62.1 62.3 62.7 63.2 63.5 63.2

Unemployed

931 883 869 784 799 754 767 719 706 713 618 663 651

Unemployment rate

10.7 10.2 9.8 9.0 9.1 8.5 8.5 8.0 7.8 7.8 6.8 7.2 7.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,621 9,676 9,854 9,900 9,939 9,894 9,773 9,993 10,109 10,136 10,172 10,152 10,225

Participation rate

61.4 61.3 62.2 62.3 62.3 61.8 60.8 62.0 62.4 62.6 62.6 62.3 62.5

Employed

8,749 8,823 9,019 9,104 9,175 9,112 9,077 9,280 9,403 9,450 9,476 9,516 9,613

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.9 57.0 57.3 57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.3 58.4 58.8

Unemployed

872 854 835 796 764 783 696 713 706 685 697 636 612

Unemployment rate

9.1 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.3 6.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

737 688 705 690 712 739 732 739 710 748 777 772 722

Participation rate

29.6 27.6 28.3 27.7 28.6 29.6 29.2 29.4 28.2 29.8 30.9 30.8 28.8

Employed

504 489 493 487 540 554 517 547 522 559 582 599 552

Employment-population ratio

20.2 19.6 19.8 19.6 21.7 22.2 20.6 21.8 20.7 22.2 23.2 23.9 22.0

Unemployed

233 199 212 203 172 185 215 192 188 189 195 173 170

Unemployment rate

31.6 28.9 30.1 29.4 24.2 25.0 29.3 25.9 26.5 25.3 25.0 22.5 23.5

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396 15,371 15,482

Civilian labor force

8,805 8,960 9,086 9,069 9,099 9,378 9,467 9,693 9,707 9,667 9,787 9,883 9,781

Participation rate

63.5 62.7 63.2 62.4 62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.2 63.5 63.6 64.3 63.2

Employed

8,387 8,623 8,717 8,740 8,746 9,019 9,111 9,314 9,408 9,328 9,449 9,511 9,503

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.4 60.6 60.1 60.4 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4 61.9 61.4

Unemployed

418 337 369 329 353 358 356 379 299 339 338 372 279

Unemployment rate

4.7 3.8 4.1 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.8 2.8

Not in labor force

5,060 5,320 5,289 5,466 5,391 5,523 5,475 5,582 5,660 5,556 5,609 5,488 5,701

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242 41,492 41,749

Civilian labor force

25,692 26,027 26,168 26,077 26,237 26,617 26,623 26,939 27,006 27,227 27,249 27,474 27,402

Participation rate

66.3 66.3 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.0 65.6 66.0 65.7 66.4 66.1 66.2 65.6

Employed

23,995 24,260 24,391 24,366 24,589 25,119 25,053 25,374 25,449 25,730 25,872 26,070 26,076

Employment-population ratio

61.9 61.8 61.8 61.3 61.5 62.3 61.8 62.2 61.9 62.8 62.7 62.8 62.5

Unemployed

1,698 1,767 1,777 1,711 1,648 1,498 1,570 1,565 1,557 1,497 1,377 1,404 1,326

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.8

Not in labor force

13,067 13,217 13,316 13,661 13,767 13,684 13,936 13,886 14,095 13,775 13,993 14,018 14,347

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,281 14,455 14,466 14,411 14,443 14,691 14,691 14,851 14,866 14,929 14,945 15,069 15,004

Participation rate

81.4 81.7 81.3 80.4 80.1 80.9 80.4 80.7 80.2 80.9 80.5 80.7 79.8

Employed

13,490 13,603 13,590 13,619 13,686 13,988 13,998 14,114 14,122 14,246 14,336 14,409 14,429

Employment-population ratio

76.9 76.9 76.4 76.0 75.9 77.0 76.6 76.7 76.2 77.2 77.2 77.1 76.8

Unemployed

790 852 876 792 757 703 694 736 744 683 609 660 575

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.1 4.4 3.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,231 10,372 10,554 10,557 10,671 10,733 10,736 10,924 10,980 11,090 11,054 11,178 11,186

Participation rate

58.3 58.0 58.7 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.5 59.2 58.7 59.0 58.6

Employed

9,542 9,707 9,878 9,847 9,979 10,133 10,072 10,286 10,374 10,477 10,464 10,602 10,625

Employment-population ratio

54.4 54.3 54.9 54.4 54.7 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.5 55.9 55.7

Unemployed

689 666 676 709 692 600 664 638 606 613 590 576 561

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,180 1,200 1,148 1,109 1,124 1,193 1,195 1,165 1,160 1,207 1,249 1,227 1,212

Participation rate

32.1 32.5 31.1 29.9 30.2 31.9 31.7 30.7 30.5 31.6 32.6 31.8 31.3

Employed

962 950 923 900 924 999 983 973 953 1,006 1,073 1,059 1,022

Employment-population ratio

26.2 25.7 25.0 24.3 24.8 26.7 26.1 25.7 25.0 26.4 28.0 27.5 26.4

Unemployed

218 250 225 209 200 194 212 192 207 201 177 168 190

Unemployment rate

18.5 20.8 19.6 18.8 17.8 16.3 17.7 16.4 17.8 16.7 14.1 13.7 15.7

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 05, 2018