HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2014 2015 2016 2017
2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

195,312 195,655 195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381 198,741 198,527 198,777

Civilian labor force

123,181 123,305 123,370 123,770 123,620 123,400 123,646 124,732 124,519 124,777 124,632 124,859 124,765

Participation rate

63.1 63.0 62.9 63.0 62.9 62.6 62.6 63.1 62.9 62.9 62.7 62.9 62.8

Employed

116,620 116,875 117,385 117,834 117,858 117,905 118,222 119,385 119,220 119,357 119,314 119,744 120,043

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.7 59.9 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.4 60.2 60.2 60.0 60.3 60.4

Unemployed

6,560 6,431 5,985 5,936 5,762 5,495 5,424 5,347 5,300 5,419 5,317 5,115 4,722

Unemployment rate

5.3 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.1 3.8

Not in labor force

72,131 72,350 72,624 72,624 73,058 73,627 73,727 72,990 73,498 73,604 74,110 73,668 74,012

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,361 64,439 64,409 64,837 64,738 64,643 64,613 65,212 65,078 65,233 65,176 65,309 65,249

Participation rate

72.2 72.2 72.0 72.4 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.2 71.9 72.0 71.8 72.0 71.8

Employed

61,164 61,415 61,575 61,928 61,975 61,975 61,977 62,663 62,536 62,555 62,559 62,819 62,979

Employment-population ratio

68.7 68.8 68.8 69.1 69.0 68.9 68.8 69.4 69.1 69.0 68.9 69.2 69.3

Unemployed

3,197 3,023 2,834 2,909 2,763 2,668 2,636 2,549 2,542 2,677 2,618 2,490 2,270

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,394 54,370 54,429 54,386 54,340 54,350 54,570 54,904 54,850 54,891 54,844 54,980 54,928

Participation rate

58.0 57.8 57.8 57.6 57.4 57.4 57.5 57.8 57.6 57.6 57.4 57.6 57.5

Employed

51,801 51,778 51,975 52,066 52,035 52,139 52,415 52,755 52,736 52,810 52,790 52,936 53,025

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.1 55.2 55.1 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.4 55.2 55.5 55.5

Unemployed

2,593 2,591 2,454 2,320 2,304 2,211 2,155 2,149 2,114 2,082 2,054 2,044 1,903

Unemployment rate

4.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.5

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,425 4,497 4,532 4,547 4,542 4,407 4,462 4,616 4,591 4,653 4,611 4,570 4,588

Participation rate

35.7 36.4 36.7 36.8 36.9 35.8 36.2 37.5 37.2 37.7 37.3 37.0 37.2

Employed

3,655 3,681 3,834 3,840 3,848 3,791 3,829 3,966 3,948 3,993 3,966 3,989 4,038

Employment-population ratio

29.5 29.8 31.0 31.1 31.2 30.8 31.1 32.2 32.0 32.3 32.1 32.3 32.7

Unemployed

771 816 697 707 694 616 633 649 643 660 645 582 550

Unemployment rate

17.4 18.1 15.4 15.6 15.3 14.0 14.2 14.1 14.0 14.2 14.0 12.7 12.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

30,788 30,894 31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946 32,067 32,095 32,193

Civilian labor force

18,773 18,985 19,020 19,060 19,424 19,348 19,414 19,519 19,466 19,714 19,834 19,998 20,062

Participation rate

61.0 61.5 61.3 61.0 62.0 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.2 61.7 61.9 62.3 62.3

Employed

16,660 16,832 16,977 17,125 17,523 17,560 17,668 17,799 17,811 18,089 18,219 18,411 18,550

Employment-population ratio

54.1 54.5 54.8 54.8 55.9 55.9 56.0 56.1 56.0 56.6 56.8 57.4 57.6

Unemployed

2,113 2,152 2,044 1,935 1,901 1,789 1,746 1,720 1,655 1,625 1,614 1,587 1,513

Unemployment rate

11.3 11.3 10.7 10.2 9.8 9.2 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.2 8.1 7.9 7.5

Not in labor force

12,014 11,909 11,984 12,163 11,903 12,090 12,142 12,197 12,362 12,232 12,234 12,098 12,131

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,509 8,694 8,670 8,694 8,866 8,752 8,774 8,879 8,968 8,981 9,029 9,106 9,106

Participation rate

66.9 68.0 67.5 67.2 68.2 67.0 66.9 67.3 67.7 67.5 67.6 68.0 67.8

Employed

7,564 7,728 7,728 7,808 8,012 7,969 7,961 8,124 8,217 8,263 8,306 8,396 8,494

Employment-population ratio

59.5 60.5 60.2 60.3 61.6 61.0 60.7 61.6 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.7 63.2

Unemployed

945 967 942 886 854 783 814 755 751 718 723 710 612

Unemployment rate

11.1 11.1 10.9 10.2 9.6 8.9 9.3 8.5 8.4 8.0 8.0 7.8 6.7

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,585 9,618 9,618 9,683 9,853 9,896 9,935 9,906 9,772 9,985 10,102 10,153 10,179

Participation rate

61.6 61.6 61.4 61.4 62.2 62.3 62.3 61.8 60.8 61.9 62.4 62.7 62.7

Employed

8,643 8,646 8,747 8,830 9,016 9,101 9,172 9,123 9,073 9,276 9,399 9,462 9,479

Employment-population ratio

55.6 55.4 55.8 56.0 56.9 57.3 57.5 56.9 56.5 57.5 58.1 58.4 58.4

Unemployed

942 972 871 852 838 795 763 783 699 709 704 691 699

Unemployment rate

9.8 10.1 9.1 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

680 673 733 684 705 700 705 734 727 747 702 739 778

Participation rate

27.0 26.9 29.4 27.4 28.3 28.1 28.3 29.4 29.0 29.7 27.9 29.4 31.0

Employed

452 459 502 487 495 489 536 553 521 550 515 552 577

Employment-population ratio

18.0 18.3 20.1 19.5 19.9 19.7 21.5 22.1 20.8 21.9 20.5 22.0 23.0

Unemployed

227 214 230 197 209 211 169 181 205 198 187 186 201

Unemployment rate

33.4 31.8 31.4 28.8 29.7 30.1 24.0 24.7 28.2 26.5 26.6 25.2 25.9

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,806 13,752 13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275 15,367 15,223 15,396

Civilian labor force

8,749 8,717 8,799 8,951 9,090 9,080 9,093 9,366 9,471 9,706 9,703 9,661 9,793

Participation rate

63.4 63.4 63.5 62.7 63.2 62.5 62.8 62.9 63.4 63.5 63.1 63.5 63.6

Employed

8,276 8,333 8,388 8,614 8,719 8,746 8,747 9,009 9,113 9,321 9,409 9,325 9,453

Employment-population ratio

59.9 60.6 60.5 60.3 60.7 60.2 60.4 60.5 61.0 61.0 61.2 61.3 61.4

Unemployed

473 384 411 336 371 334 347 357 358 385 294 336 340

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 4.7 3.8 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.0 3.5 3.5

Not in labor force

5,058 5,035 5,066 5,329 5,284 5,455 5,397 5,534 5,470 5,569 5,664 5,562 5,603

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

38,277 38,513 38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826 41,101 41,002 41,242

Civilian labor force

25,232 25,431 25,690 26,027 26,163 26,084 26,230 26,623 26,613 26,951 27,000 27,227 27,256

Participation rate

65.9 66.0 66.3 66.3 66.3 65.6 65.6 66.1 65.6 66.0 65.7 66.4 66.1

Employed

23,330 23,568 23,990 24,258 24,395 24,368 24,580 25,123 25,053 25,379 25,441 25,722 25,880

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.2 61.9 61.8 61.8 61.3 61.4 62.3 61.8 62.2 61.9 62.7 62.8

Unemployed

1,902 1,863 1,699 1,769 1,768 1,716 1,650 1,500 1,560 1,572 1,559 1,505 1,377

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.3 5.6 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1

Not in labor force

13,046 13,082 13,069 13,217 13,321 13,654 13,774 13,678 13,946 13,875 14,101 13,775 13,986

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,988 14,101 14,272 14,461 14,462 14,418 14,432 14,699 14,687 14,859 14,855 14,931 14,947

Participation rate

80.8 80.9 81.3 81.8 81.3 80.5 80.0 80.9 80.3 80.7 80.2 80.9 80.5

Employed

13,088 13,254 13,481 13,609 13,593 13,620 13,675 13,994 14,000 14,115 14,111 14,244 14,338

Employment-population ratio

75.6 76.1 76.8 77.0 76.4 76.0 75.8 77.0 76.6 76.7 76.2 77.2 77.2

Unemployed

899 847 790 852 869 799 757 704 686 744 744 687 608

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.0 5.5 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.2 4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,151 10,233 10,237 10,372 10,551 10,555 10,678 10,734 10,731 10,921 10,989 11,091 11,059

Participation rate

58.6 58.7 58.4 58.0 58.7 58.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 58.6 58.6 59.2 58.7

Employed

9,400 9,480 9,548 9,706 9,875 9,846 9,987 10,133 10,067 10,284 10,383 10,477 10,468

Employment-population ratio

54.3 54.4 54.5 54.3 54.9 54.4 54.8 55.1 54.4 55.2 55.3 56.0 55.6

Unemployed

751 753 689 666 676 709 691 601 664 637 606 614 591

Unemployment rate

7.4 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,093 1,097 1,181 1,194 1,150 1,110 1,120 1,191 1,195 1,171 1,157 1,205 1,251

Participation rate

29.9 29.9 32.1 32.4 31.1 29.9 30.1 31.8 31.7 30.9 30.4 31.6 32.6

Employed

841 835 961 943 927 902 917 996 986 980 947 1,002 1,073

Employment-population ratio

23.0 22.8 26.1 25.6 25.1 24.3 24.6 26.6 26.2 25.9 24.9 26.2 28.0

Unemployed

252 262 220 251 223 208 202 195 210 191 210 203 177

Unemployment rate

23.1 23.9 18.6 21.0 19.4 18.8 18.1 16.4 17.6 16.3 18.1 16.9 14.2

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: July 07, 2017