Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Employment Cost Trends
ECT XYZ Program Links

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation Relative Standard Errors

(NOTE: This news release was reissued on December 17, 2021, correcting data in table 4, see www.bls.gov/errata.)

Because the Employer Costs for Employee Compensation is a sample survey, it is subject to sampling errors. Sampling errors are differences that occur between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. The estimates derived from different samples selected using the same sample design may differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is the standard error. The relative standard error is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost. It can be used to measure the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the expected result of all possible samples. The chances are about 68 out of 100 that an estimate from the survey differs from a complete population figure by less than the standard error. The chances are about 90 out of 100 that this difference would be less than 1.6 times the standard error. Footnotes have been added for estimates with relative standard errors greater than 30 percent.

For a more detailed explanation of relative standard errors, see Measuring Trends in the Structure and Levels of Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Summer 1997. For a detailed explanation of how to use standard error data to analyze differences in year-to-year changes, see Analyzing Year-to-Year Changes in Employer Costs for Employee Compensation, Compensation and Working Conditions, Spring 1998. This article supplements an article from the Summer 1997 issue of Compensation and Working Conditions, Explaining the Differential Growth Rates of the ECI and ECEC, which examined how differences in the construction of these measures contribute to differing trends.

Standard errors relate to differences that occur from sampling errors, but not from nonsampling errors. Sampling errors are differences between the results computed from a sample of observations and those computed from all observations in the population. Nonsampling errors are not measured and include survey nonresponse and data collection and processing errors. Survey nonresponse is when sample members are unwilling or unable to participate in the survey. Data collection errors include provision of inaccurate data by respondents and definitional difficulties. Processing errors include errors in recording, coding, and entering data. Although nonsampling errors are not measured, BLS quality assurance programs contain procedures for reducing such errors. These procedures include data collection reinterviews, observed interviews, computer data edits, and systematic review of reports on which data are recorded. Extensive field economist training also is conducted to maintain high data collection standards.

Obtaining information

Articles, bulletins, and other information may be obtained through the Employment Cost Trends webpage by contacting us by email or calling (202) 691-6199. Information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691- 5200; Federal Relay Service Number: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Sept. 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error
Cost ($) Relative
standard error

Total compensation(2)

39.55 1.1 37.24 1.3 54.46 0.8

Wages and salaries

27.35 1.0 26.36 1.2 33.76 0.7

Total benefits

12.20 1.3 10.88 1.5 20.70 1.0

Paid leave

2.91 1.8 2.74 2.2 4.04 1.7

Vacation

1.42 2.2 1.40 2.5 1.53 2.6

Holiday

0.86 1.6 0.82 1.9 1.14 2.1

Sick

0.47 1.6 0.38 2.1 1.04 1.3

Personal

0.17 2.0 0.14 2.6 0.32 2.4

Supplemental pay

1.16 2.5 1.26 2.8 0.53 3.9

Overtime and premium(3)

0.33 1.8 0.34 1.9 0.24 4.9

Shift differentials

0.07 5.3 0.07 5.8 0.05 6.7

Nonproduction bonuses

0.76 3.7 0.84 3.9 0.24 5.0

Insurance

3.27 1.3 2.80 1.6 6.28 1.0

Life

0.05 2.0 0.04 2.4 0.08 3.4

Health

3.10 1.3 2.64 1.6 6.12 1.0

Short-term disability

0.07 2.7 0.08 2.8 0.03 4.0

Long-term disability

0.05 2.3 0.04 2.6 0.05 3.5

Retirement and savings

2.04 2.0 1.28 2.8 6.88 1.5

Defined benefit

1.25 2.7 0.45 4.9 6.41 1.6

Defined contribution

0.79 2.5 0.84 2.7 0.47 4.9

Legally Required benefits

2.83 0.8 2.80 0.9 2.97 1.2

Social Security and Medicare

2.22 1.0 2.21 1.1 2.33 1.1

Social Security(4)

1.77 1.0 1.77 1.1 1.77 1.4

Medicare

0.45 1.1 0.44 1.3 0.55 0.7

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 1.0 0.03 1.0 (5)- (5)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 1.8 0.13 1.7 0.06 7.9

Workers' compensation

0.46 1.1 0.45 1.3 0.58 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.

Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Sept. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Civilian workers(3)

39.55 1.1 27.35 1.0 12.20 1.3 2.91 1.8 1.16 2.5 3.27 1.3 2.04 2.0 2.83 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

63.96 1.0 43.76 1.1 20.20 1.1 5.58 1.5 1.84 4.3 5.02 1.2 3.82 2.0 3.94 0.8

Management, business and financial

75.05 1.7 51.68 2.1 23.37 1.6 7.21 2.0 3.06 7.7 5.01 1.9 3.54 2.6 4.54 1.1

Professional and related

59.02 1.2 40.24 1.2 18.78 1.4 4.85 2.0 1.30 4.4 5.02 1.6 3.95 2.7 3.67 1.1

Teachers(4)

66.06 2.2 44.90 2.1 21.16 2.6 3.42 3.3 0.24 6.2 6.38 2.8 7.74 3.3 3.39 2.3

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

65.08 2.8 43.14 2.6 21.94 3.4 2.99 3.8 0.20 6.7 7.01 3.7 8.66 4.6 3.07 2.6

Registered nurses

61.00 1.3 39.85 1.4 21.15 1.8 6.28 3.3 2.27 5.5 5.45 2.5 3.08 5.0 4.07 1.6

Sales and office

29.50 1.3 20.96 1.4 8.54 1.6 1.96 2.0 0.78 4.4 2.63 2.0 1.04 3.2 2.13 1.0

Sales and related

29.08 3.0 22.28 3.1 6.80 3.3 1.60 4.7 0.85 9.2 1.54 3.4 0.63 5.4 2.17 2.4

Office and administrative support

29.77 1.0 20.11 0.9 9.66 1.6 2.18 1.6 0.73 3.4 3.34 2.1 1.30 3.4 2.11 0.9

Service

21.39 1.4 15.51 1.2 5.87 2.4 1.10 3.5 0.45 4.0 1.58 3.9 0.93 5.4 1.81 1.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

39.97 1.8 26.91 1.5 13.06 2.7 2.24 3.0 1.43 3.1 3.39 3.3 2.39 6.8 3.61 1.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

41.09 2.6 27.34 2.2 13.75 3.9 1.85 4.3 1.51 4.7 3.51 4.8 2.94 9.5 3.93 1.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

38.73 2.2 26.42 1.8 12.30 3.4 2.68 3.7 1.34 3.7 3.26 4.4 1.78 6.9 3.25 1.5

Production, transportation, and material moving

31.31 1.9 21.00 1.7 10.31 2.5 1.92 3.6 1.30 3.9 3.08 2.8 1.31 6.5 2.70 1.5

Production

29.84 1.6 20.05 1.3 9.80 2.6 1.85 3.0 1.41 4.5 3.11 3.3 0.97 6.3 2.46 1.0

Transportation and material moving

32.64 3.4 21.86 2.9 10.78 4.5 1.99 6.2 1.20 6.8 3.06 5.1 1.62 9.3 2.92 2.6

Industry group

Education and health services

44.66 2.1 30.35 2.0 14.31 2.3 3.45 3.6 0.68 5.8 4.24 2.1 3.13 3.5 2.81 1.9

Educational services

56.56 0.8 37.42 0.8 19.15 1.2 3.60 1.7 0.27 6.2 5.96 1.4 6.32 1.9 3.00 1.3

Elementary and secondary schools

55.27 1.2 36.09 1.1 19.18 1.9 2.87 2.6 0.22 5.2 6.28 2.1 7.05 2.4 2.77 1.4

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

62.98 1.7 41.79 1.8 21.19 1.8 5.46 2.6 0.37 8.5 6.04 2.2 5.80 3.3 3.52 1.9

Health care and social assistance

37.95 3.7 26.38 3.5 11.58 4.2 3.36 5.6 0.91 6.3 3.28 3.6 1.33 6.9 2.69 2.9

Hospitals

53.04 1.9 34.58 1.9 18.46 2.5 5.24 2.9 1.83 4.3 5.31 3.2 2.68 7.1 3.40 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(4) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Sept. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

State and local government workers

54.46 0.8 33.76 0.7 20.70 1.0 4.04 1.7 0.53 3.9 6.28 1.0 6.88 1.5 2.97 1.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

65.22 1.0 41.84 1.0 23.38 1.3 4.53 2.2 0.40 4.3 6.86 1.3 8.26 1.6 3.33 1.5

Professional and related

63.36 1.0 40.93 1.0 22.43 1.3 4.03 2.3 0.38 4.6 6.83 1.4 7.97 1.7 3.22 1.5

Teachers(3)

71.71 1.2 47.58 1.2 24.13 1.5 3.50 3.1 0.25 5.7 7.36 1.6 9.63 1.8 3.39 1.9

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

71.50 1.2 46.77 1.2 24.73 1.6 3.18 3.2 0.23 6.2 7.89 2.1 10.23 2.1 3.21 2.1

Sales and office

37.83 1.5 21.74 1.5 16.10 1.8 3.30 2.1 0.34 7.8 5.92 2.0 4.29 2.9 2.25 2.0

Office and administrative support

38.00 1.5 21.78 1.6 16.23 1.9 3.31 2.1 0.34 7.8 5.99 2.0 4.34 3.0 2.24 1.9

Service

40.46 2.7 23.10 2.3 17.36 3.4 3.38 3.6 0.88 7.2 4.99 2.1 5.60 5.5 2.50 2.6

Industry group

Education and health services

56.84 0.9 36.49 0.8 20.36 1.3 3.69 2.5 0.35 4.2 6.42 1.3 6.99 1.6 2.90 1.5

Educational services

58.38 0.8 37.70 0.7 20.68 1.3 3.52 2.6 0.25 4.2 6.54 1.3 7.47 1.6 2.89 1.5

Elementary and secondary schools

56.90 1.0 36.75 0.9 20.15 1.6 2.92 3.0 0.22 4.6 6.62 1.8 7.63 1.9 2.76 1.4

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

62.81 1.9 40.54 2.1 22.27 2.1 5.35 3.7 0.33 11.8 6.29 2.9 7.01 4.0 3.29 2.8

Health care and social assistance

48.20 4.0 29.67 4.2 18.53 4.3 4.65 6.2 0.92 7.3 5.76 4.6 4.29 6.1 2.92 4.9

Hospitals

50.98 4.8 32.02 4.9 18.96 5.0 4.92 7.5 1.05 7.3 5.71 5.0 4.23 9.4 3.06 6.1

Public administration

52.52 1.6 30.30 1.7 22.22 1.8 4.84 2.2 0.81 6.2 6.23 1.4 7.17 3.1 3.16 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.

Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Sept. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Private industry workers

37.24 1.3 26.36 1.2 10.88 1.5 2.74 2.2 1.26 2.8 2.80 1.6 1.28 2.8 2.80 0.9

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.55 1.3 44.38 1.4 19.17 1.4 5.91 1.7 2.30 4.7 4.43 1.6 2.40 2.7 4.13 1.0

Management, business, and financial occupations

74.89 2.0 52.24 2.3 22.64 1.8 7.17 2.2 3.38 7.9 4.76 2.0 2.72 3.1 4.61 1.2

Professional and related occupations

57.15 1.7 39.94 1.6 17.21 2.1 5.20 2.2 1.69 4.7 4.24 2.2 2.21 4.1 3.86 1.4

Sales and office occupations

28.78 1.5 20.89 1.5 7.89 1.8 1.84 2.4 0.82 4.6 2.35 2.3 0.76 4.3 2.12 1.2

Sales and related occupations

29.06 3.0 22.29 3.1 6.77 3.3 1.59 4.7 0.86 9.3 1.53 3.3 0.62 5.5 2.17 2.5

Office and administrative support occupations

28.58 1.2 19.87 1.0 8.71 1.9 2.02 1.9 0.79 3.6 2.95 2.5 0.86 5.2 2.09 1.1

Service occupations

18.68 1.8 14.44 1.5 4.25 3.3 0.78 5.1 0.38 4.8 1.10 6.4 0.27 6.4 1.72 1.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

39.45 1.9 26.86 1.6 12.59 2.9 2.10 3.4 1.48 3.3 3.18 3.7 2.18 7.8 3.65 1.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

40.69 2.8 27.37 2.4 13.33 4.1 1.68 4.9 1.58 4.9 3.28 5.1 2.78 10.5 4.01 1.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.08 2.4 26.30 1.9 11.78 3.9 2.55 4.1 1.36 4.0 3.06 5.2 1.53 8.7 3.27 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.86 2.0 20.85 1.7 10.00 2.6 1.88 3.8 1.31 3.9 2.96 3.0 1.16 7.4 2.69 1.5

Production occupations

29.55 1.6 19.91 1.3 9.63 2.7 1.81 3.1 1.41 4.5 3.06 3.4 0.90 6.8 2.45 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.10 3.6 21.75 3.1 10.35 4.9 1.94 6.7 1.22 7.0 2.87 5.7 1.41 11.3 2.91 2.7

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.41 1.5 28.03 1.6 13.38 1.7 2.69 2.2 1.78 2.1 3.62 1.8 1.91 5.4 3.38 1.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

71.82 1.7 49.15 1.6 22.67 2.2 6.52 2.5 2.77 6.0 5.14 1.8 3.50 4.9 4.73 1.3

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.63 1.7 53.50 1.8 23.13 2.0 7.00 2.9 2.86 5.0 5.03 2.1 3.23 5.1 5.01 1.6

Professional and related occupations

66.97 2.7 44.78 2.5 22.20 3.6 6.04 3.6 2.69 9.5 5.25 2.9 3.78 7.0 4.44 2.2

Sales and office occupations

34.68 3.9 24.92 4.5 9.76 3.4 2.14 5.0 1.10 7.4 2.99 4.2 0.94 8.4 2.60 1.9

Office and administrative support occupations

30.38 1.9 21.42 1.5 8.96 3.1 1.88 3.8 0.98 6.1 2.96 4.7 0.79 7.0 2.36 1.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.65 2.3 27.47 1.9 13.18 3.6 1.80 4.2 1.66 3.9 3.26 4.3 2.50 10.4 3.95 1.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

41.16 2.9 27.69 2.4 13.47 4.2 1.63 5.3 1.65 4.9 3.27 5.3 2.81 11.2 4.11 2.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.98 2.0 26.77 1.7 12.21 3.2 2.37 3.7 1.69 4.2 3.25 5.0 1.45 10.0 3.45 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

31.00 1.2 20.42 1.2 10.58 1.8 1.91 2.4 1.62 3.5 3.46 2.6 1.02 4.9 2.57 1.1

Production occupations

31.17 1.2 20.53 1.1 10.64 2.1 1.97 2.5 1.63 4.4 3.55 2.6 0.97 6.1 2.53 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

30.20 3.8 19.91 3.3 10.29 5.1 1.59 5.1 1.61 5.4 3.03 6.2 1.27 13.0 2.78 3.4

Construction industry

41.40 2.5 28.95 2.4 12.45 3.3 1.89 4.6 1.50 5.2 3.05 4.5 2.10 9.2 3.91 1.7

Manufacturing industry

41.25 1.7 27.44 1.7 13.81 2.1 3.14 2.6 1.90 3.6 3.94 1.9 1.78 7.5 3.05 1.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

73.85 1.8 49.84 1.9 24.00 2.1 6.99 2.5 2.90 6.9 5.47 1.5 3.91 5.2 4.73 1.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

80.24 1.8 55.13 2.0 25.11 1.9 7.79 2.9 3.08 7.7 5.43 1.5 3.77 5.9 5.04 1.6

Professional and related occupations

68.87 2.9 45.72 2.7 23.14 3.6 6.36 3.6 2.76 9.9 5.50 2.5 4.02 7.1 4.50 2.4

Sales and office occupations

34.61 3.9 24.04 3.9 10.57 4.6 2.42 6.8 1.24 10.7 3.31 4.9 1.11 11.5 2.49 3.2

Office and administrative support occupations

31.56 2.5 21.66 1.8 9.91 4.2 2.13 5.1 1.13 7.8 3.40 5.7 0.96 10.1 2.29 2.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

44.62 3.8 27.94 2.3 16.68 9.0 2.94 4.8 2.32 8.0 4.42 8.9 (4)3.43 31.5 3.57 1.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

42.40 2.6 27.94 2.1 14.46 3.9 3.04 3.9 2.14 5.7 4.14 5.8 1.73 9.5 3.41 1.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.70 1.2 20.18 1.1 10.52 1.9 1.95 2.3 1.61 3.9 3.49 2.6 0.96 5.4 2.51 1.0

Production occupations

31.08 1.2 20.43 1.1 10.65 2.1 1.99 2.5 1.62 4.4 3.57 2.6 0.96 6.2 2.51 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

28.30 2.9 18.60 2.5 9.70 3.9 1.66 3.7 1.52 6.1 3.02 6.3 1.00 5.7 2.51 2.2

Aircraft manufacturing industry

86.04 2.7 49.05 3.2 36.99 2.6 7.53 4.5 4.30 3.7 7.49 2.2 12.71 4.2 4.95 2.4

Service-providing industries(5)

36.39 1.5 26.02 1.4 10.38 1.9 2.75 2.6 1.16 3.4 2.63 1.9 1.16 3.4 2.69 1.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

62.57 1.5 43.81 1.6 18.75 1.6 5.84 1.9 2.25 5.2 4.34 1.8 2.27 3.1 4.06 1.1

Management, business, and financial occupations

74.58 2.3 52.02 2.7 22.56 2.1 7.20 2.5 3.47 9.0 4.71 2.4 2.63 3.8 4.54 1.4

Professional and related occupations

56.25 1.9 39.50 1.8 16.76 2.3 5.13 2.5 1.60 5.2 4.15 2.5 2.07 4.6 3.81 1.6

Sales and office occupations

28.36 1.6 20.60 1.6 7.75 1.9 1.82 2.4 0.80 5.0 2.30 2.4 0.74 4.4 2.09 1.2

Sales and related occupations

28.33 3.1 21.75 3.1 6.58 3.4 1.54 4.9 0.83 9.8 1.48 3.5 0.59 5.6 2.13 2.6

Office and administrative support occupations

28.38 1.2 19.70 1.0 8.68 2.0 2.04 2.0 0.77 4.0 2.95 2.7 0.87 5.6 2.06 1.1

Service occupations

18.65 1.8 14.43 1.5 4.22 3.3 0.78 5.2 0.38 4.9 1.09 6.5 0.27 6.5 1.72 1.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

37.70 3.3 25.97 2.7 11.73 5.0 2.53 5.5 1.21 5.7 3.05 6.8 1.72 9.8 3.22 2.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.71 3.3 26.11 2.5 11.60 5.3 2.63 5.4 1.23 5.4 2.99 7.1 1.56 11.4 3.20 2.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.74 3.5 21.18 3.0 9.56 4.8 1.85 6.7 1.08 6.2 2.58 5.4 1.27 11.9 2.78 2.6

Production occupations

24.98 4.1 18.18 3.1 6.80 7.3 1.35 8.9 0.81 10.6 1.69 11.1 0.71 19.0 2.24 2.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.42 4.2 22.05 3.6 10.37 5.7 2.00 7.7 1.16 8.4 2.84 6.6 1.43 12.9 2.93 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.67 2.4 22.57 2.2 9.10 3.0 2.08 3.9 0.97 5.1 2.38 3.2 1.16 6.9 2.52 1.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

61.70 4.8 43.92 4.9 17.78 5.2 5.49 5.7 2.20 14.8 3.71 5.1 2.32 8.1 4.05 3.8

Management, business, and financial occupations

69.86 5.0 49.74 5.3 20.12 5.4 6.39 6.3 2.83 17.1 3.93 6.3 2.52 7.0 4.46 3.6

Professional and related occupations

50.23 6.0 35.75 5.9 14.48 6.9 4.22 8.1 1.32 14.8 3.41 5.5 2.04 11.8 3.49 5.1

Sales and office occupations

24.54 2.5 18.40 2.4 6.14 3.0 1.35 4.3 0.60 5.6 1.67 3.8 0.60 5.4 1.93 1.9

Sales and related occupations

23.47 3.6 18.24 3.4 5.22 4.3 1.15 6.5 0.57 8.2 1.17 4.3 0.46 6.8 1.87 2.7

Office and administrative support occupations

26.59 1.9 18.70 1.6 7.89 2.9 1.74 3.2 0.65 4.7 2.61 4.3 0.87 7.7 2.03 1.5

Service occupations

20.97 3.7 15.30 3.1 5.67 5.5 1.11 8.9 0.55 6.5 1.52 7.1 0.70 15.9 1.80 2.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.12 2.7 27.17 2.4 12.94 3.7 2.75 4.1 1.40 5.7 3.38 4.8 2.08 8.2 3.33 2.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.15 3.1 27.34 2.6 12.82 4.2 2.76 4.4 1.42 5.8 3.31 5.5 2.00 9.5 3.32 3.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

35.15 4.3 23.55 3.8 11.60 5.6 2.33 7.8 1.26 8.3 3.22 6.3 1.72 11.8 3.07 3.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.55 4.9 23.79 4.3 11.77 6.4 2.35 8.8 1.27 9.6 3.25 7.3 1.77 12.9 3.13 3.4

Wholesale trade industry

42.92 3.1 30.52 3.0 12.40 4.1 3.26 5.0 1.61 10.1 3.01 4.4 1.38 7.6 3.14 2.3

Sales and office occupations

42.28 5.0 30.95 5.4 11.34 4.5 3.03 6.8 1.15 9.8 2.94 4.6 1.27 8.1 2.95 4.0

Office and administrative support occupations

29.18 2.3 20.44 1.9 8.74 4.2 2.07 4.9 1.04 10.5 2.74 4.9 0.73 10.2 2.15 1.8

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

29.84 3.6 20.33 2.9 9.51 5.3 1.85 5.9 1.33 8.7 2.64 5.9 1.03 13.2 2.67 2.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.66 4.2 20.26 3.3 9.39 6.4 1.79 7.0 1.30 9.8 2.54 7.2 1.05 16.6 2.71 2.8

Retail trade industry

22.51 2.0 17.19 1.9 5.32 2.5 1.13 4.7 0.56 4.6 1.33 2.7 0.44 4.1 1.87 1.4

Sales and office occupations

19.87 1.3 15.41 1.1 4.46 2.2 0.88 3.2 0.47 6.0 1.12 3.2 0.35 5.2 1.64 1.2

Sales and related occupations

19.16 1.6 15.12 1.4 4.04 2.7 0.76 3.5 0.48 7.3 0.91 4.6 0.28 6.0 1.62 1.4

Office and administrative support occupations

22.22 1.5 16.37 1.3 5.84 2.8 1.25 3.3 0.44 6.7 1.84 4.6 0.58 6.4 1.73 1.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.21 2.5 15.97 2.3 6.24 3.7 1.09 5.0 0.56 6.2 1.84 4.9 0.57 8.9 2.18 2.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

21.83 2.9 15.73 2.6 6.10 4.1 1.05 5.2 0.55 7.5 1.76 5.2 0.52 9.6 2.22 3.5

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.77 5.1 26.97 4.7 13.80 6.2 2.98 7.9 1.31 11.2 3.98 6.3 2.21 11.8 3.32 4.3

Utilities industry

69.20 1.9 42.63 2.1 26.57 2.6 6.11 2.7 2.38 12.2 6.55 4.0 6.68 5.9 4.85 2.1

Information industry

58.89 4.0 39.34 3.7 19.56 5.1 5.60 6.2 2.61 7.9 4.96 4.6 2.56 13.8 3.82 3.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

76.57 3.0 51.67 2.7 24.90 4.2 7.75 6.7 3.68 7.7 5.84 4.7 2.84 8.2 4.79 2.6

Professional and related occupations

69.95 4.9 47.17 4.9 22.78 6.0 6.78 10.5 3.04 9.8 5.72 5.1 2.76 12.3 4.47 4.3

Sales and office occupations

37.87 7.7 25.16 7.3 12.71 11.5 3.13 9.3 1.37 13.5 3.86 10.7 (4)1.80 36.8 2.55 5.7

Financial activities industry

54.04 3.8 36.73 4.8 17.30 2.4 4.57 3.1 3.11 8.7 4.47 2.4 1.84 4.0 3.30 2.0

Financial and insurance industry

60.75 3.9 40.95 5.2 19.80 2.2 5.26 2.8 3.80 9.7 4.97 1.3 2.24 3.2 3.53 1.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

80.56 4.6 54.32 6.6 26.24 2.9 7.52 2.9 5.39 16.4 5.68 1.4 3.04 3.1 4.61 1.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

82.29 5.9 55.77 8.3 26.52 3.8 7.54 3.6 5.84 20.4 5.59 1.8 2.97 3.8 4.59 2.2

Professional and related occupations

75.00 2.7 49.66 2.8 25.34 2.6 7.45 3.4 3.95 5.6 5.99 1.9 3.25 5.0 4.70 2.5

Sales and office occupations

38.01 2.5 26.08 2.5 11.93 3.3 2.78 2.5 1.78 13.4 3.82 3.1 1.14 4.9 2.40 1.7

Sales and related occupations

52.96 7.4 38.94 7.4 14.02 9.6 3.40 7.1 (4)2.88 30.7 3.18 7.8 1.49 13.0 3.07 5.0

Office and administrative support occupations

32.65 1.2 21.47 0.9 11.18 1.9 2.56 1.8 1.39 6.1 4.05 2.6 1.02 4.3 2.15 1.2

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

55.74 8.1 38.29 10.9 17.45 2.9 4.81 2.6 2.78 8.1 4.70 2.0 1.92 3.9 3.24 3.5

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

52.62 1.9 34.76 1.9 17.85 2.3 4.65 2.2 2.89 5.5 4.87 2.2 2.12 4.6 3.32 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

32.82 5.7 23.40 5.0 9.42 8.2 2.42 9.9 0.93 12.5 2.90 11.1 0.60 15.4 2.57 4.6

Professional and business services industry

45.36 3.3 32.66 3.2 12.70 3.8 3.65 5.0 1.58 6.3 2.87 4.2 1.35 7.4 3.25 2.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

68.77 2.1 48.69 2.0 20.08 2.9 6.42 3.5 2.55 7.6 4.23 2.8 2.39 6.6 4.49 1.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.47 3.2 54.07 3.2 22.40 3.4 7.45 4.9 3.26 6.8 4.43 3.8 2.52 5.6 4.74 2.6

Professional and related occupations

63.36 3.3 44.91 2.9 18.44 4.9 5.70 5.0 2.05 13.7 4.09 3.7 2.29 11.3 4.31 2.6

Sales and office occupations

31.75 4.9 23.32 5.2 8.43 5.4 2.08 6.4 0.90 10.0 2.42 6.6 0.70 12.7 2.33 3.9

Office and administrative support occupations

28.13 3.9 20.23 3.2 7.90 6.0 1.95 7.4 0.80 11.1 2.45 7.5 0.62 14.0 2.08 3.6

Service occupations

20.20 3.0 15.64 2.4 4.56 5.7 0.83 9.3 0.52 9.8 1.11 11.9 0.19 17.4 1.90 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.73 4.9 17.21 4.0 5.52 9.0 0.81 19.6 0.92 15.5 1.17 16.3 0.33 29.6 2.30 3.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

24.67 7.6 18.16 6.9 6.51 11.3 0.90 28.8 1.16 21.7 1.62 17.0 (4)0.31 30.8 2.52 6.1

Professional and technical services industry

60.28 3.7 43.08 3.5 17.19 4.6 5.36 5.3 2.05 11.9 3.84 3.9 1.93 7.8 4.03 3.1

Administrative and waste services industry

25.00 3.8 19.06 3.1 5.94 6.9 1.22 9.9 0.67 11.3 1.43 9.2 0.39 21.4 2.23 2.6

Education and health services industry

38.68 3.4 27.34 3.2 11.33 4.0 3.33 5.3 0.84 6.8 3.17 3.5 1.23 6.9 2.76 2.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.51 2.9 37.57 2.9 15.94 3.3 5.04 4.1 1.17 6.5 4.18 3.7 1.95 5.2 3.60 2.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

66.73 6.5 46.60 6.8 20.13 6.1 7.53 8.1 0.95 26.4 4.95 4.6 2.54 8.9 4.16 4.3

Professional and related occupations

52.15 3.0 36.64 2.9 15.51 3.5 4.78 4.2 1.19 6.0 4.10 4.1 1.89 5.5 3.55 2.5

Sales and office occupations

28.70 2.4 20.12 2.4 8.57 3.9 2.34 5.4 0.39 9.2 3.01 7.0 0.73 11.3 2.10 3.5

Office and administrative support occupations

27.85 2.2 19.34 2.2 8.51 4.1 2.25 4.3 0.42 8.2 3.05 7.3 0.78 8.2 2.01 2.1

Service occupations

22.06 3.5 16.04 3.0 6.02 6.0 1.35 7.0 0.55 8.8 1.85 9.5 0.42 10.1 1.84 3.0

Educational services industry

50.27 3.4 36.44 3.3 13.83 4.7 3.85 7.3 0.33 21.1 3.95 5.0 2.31 6.0 3.39 3.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

55.38 3.2 40.57 3.0 14.80 4.8 4.18 7.6 0.34 24.7 4.09 5.3 2.50 6.5 3.68 3.2

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.72 7.3 53.43 8.0 23.28 5.8 8.76 7.8 (4)0.81 44.3 5.76 5.2 3.41 5.1 4.55 5.2

Professional and related occupations

51.62 3.5 38.31 3.7 13.31 4.6 3.38 7.0 0.26 14.2 3.79 5.8 2.35 7.3 3.53 4.0

Sales and office occupations

34.54 3.2 22.83 2.8 11.71 5.4 3.05 6.0 0.18 15.2 4.46 8.3 1.75 8.5 2.27 2.9

Office and administrative support occupations

34.19 3.2 22.38 2.3 11.81 5.5 2.99 6.0 0.18 16.0 4.60 7.9 1.80 8.2 2.23 2.4

Service occupations

25.10 4.2 17.54 2.8 7.56 9.6 1.87 10.9 0.29 19.2 2.19 14.3 1.20 15.9 2.01 4.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

63.31 2.2 44.24 2.4 19.08 2.1 5.69 3.0 0.46 10.1 5.54 2.4 3.44 3.2 3.96 2.0

Health care and social assistance industry

37.09 4.0 26.10 3.8 10.99 4.6 3.26 6.0 0.91 6.9 3.07 4.1 1.09 8.7 2.68 3.2

Registered nurse occupations

61.42 1.8 40.22 1.9 21.20 2.5 6.49 3.9 2.46 6.4 5.33 3.4 2.74 5.7 4.18 2.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.07 3.6 36.86 3.5 16.21 3.9 5.24 4.5 1.36 6.2 4.20 4.4 1.82 6.7 3.58 2.8

Professional and related occupations

52.27 3.5 36.28 3.5 15.99 3.9 5.09 4.4 1.39 5.6 4.16 4.8 1.80 6.9 3.55 2.9

Sales and office occupations

28.06 2.8 19.83 2.8 8.23 4.4 2.26 6.3 0.42 10.1 2.86 7.9 0.62 12.7 2.08 4.0

Office and administrative support occupations

27.13 2.3 19.00 2.3 8.13 4.4 2.17 4.7 0.44 8.9 2.87 8.3 0.66 9.3 1.99 2.4

Service occupations

21.97 3.7 16.00 3.1 5.97 6.2 1.33 7.2 0.56 9.0 1.84 9.9 0.40 10.6 1.84 3.1

Hospitals industry

53.47 2.3 35.12 2.4 18.35 3.0 5.31 3.5 2.00 4.5 5.22 4.2 2.35 8.0 3.47 1.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.59 3.1 42.25 3.1 21.34 3.6 6.54 4.3 2.30 5.6 5.60 4.7 2.83 8.5 4.07 2.3

Registered nurse occupations

64.20 2.0 41.52 1.9 22.67 2.7 6.70 3.3 2.81 6.9 5.88 3.9 3.04 6.9 4.26 2.2

Service occupations

29.46 1.9 18.26 1.6 11.21 2.9 2.28 3.7 1.55 5.4 4.02 5.0 1.27 6.9 2.09 2.3

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

25.61 2.2 18.53 1.8 7.08 3.8 1.77 4.1 0.62 6.5 2.18 5.1 0.41 8.4 2.09 2.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

38.69 3.1 27.99 2.9 10.71 4.4 3.10 4.2 0.89 10.1 3.05 5.2 0.77 16.7 2.89 3.1

Service occupations

20.46 2.5 14.83 1.8 5.63 4.6 1.23 6.0 0.54 5.6 1.80 6.9 0.28 14.4 1.78 2.3

Nursing care facilities industry

27.97 5.4 20.12 4.1 7.86 8.7 1.94 9.2 0.76 11.7 2.45 10.6 0.48 18.9 2.24 4.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

42.00 4.7 30.68 3.9 11.32 7.4 3.23 7.3 1.05 14.6 3.14 8.7 0.77 15.0 3.13 5.0

Service occupations

21.32 5.5 15.13 3.9 6.19 9.8 1.30 11.6 0.64 10.2 2.09 12.8 0.34 27.0 1.82 4.4

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.91 2.4 13.66 2.1 3.25 4.8 0.51 7.4 0.23 13.1 0.70 11.9 0.17 12.3 1.64 2.4

Sales and office occupations

20.20 6.8 15.40 4.7 4.80 18.6 0.95 16.8 0.23 23.5 (4)1.64 41.6 0.25 28.4 1.73 6.0

Service occupations

15.53 2.2 12.74 1.9 2.78 4.7 0.35 9.8 0.20 12.3 0.55 13.6 0.14 14.1 1.55 2.4

Accommodation and food services industry

16.14 3.5 13.05 2.9 3.08 6.8 0.43 12.2 0.24 15.6 0.67 14.2 0.16 18.8 1.59 3.1

Other services industry

30.77 5.1 22.91 4.7 7.86 8.0 1.97 10.6 0.49 11.5 1.85 11.6 1.09 26.3 2.46 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.
(5) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Sept. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

Union workers

51.31 2.8 30.67 2.7 20.64 3.2 3.65 4.8 1.82 5.7 6.84 2.4 4.57 5.9 3.77 2.4

Goods-producing industries(3)

54.04 3.0 31.03 2.8 23.01 3.9 2.94 5.5 2.38 6.5 7.51 3.3 5.93 7.9 4.25 3.4

Manufacturing industry

45.16 3.8 25.51 3.4 19.65 5.5 3.19 6.7 2.64 9.1 6.91 4.6 3.69 16.2 3.23 2.9

Service-providing industries(3)

50.05 3.9 30.50 3.7 19.55 4.4 3.97 6.2 1.56 8.3 6.52 3.3 3.94 8.3 3.55 3.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

49.62 5.2 30.27 5.3 19.34 5.3 3.85 7.4 1.70 13.9 6.24 4.7 4.01 9.0 3.54 5.2

Retail trade industry

26.01 2.4 16.09 2.9 9.92 2.5 1.56 5.8 0.51 7.0 3.99 2.9 1.85 6.8 2.01 2.8

Transportation and warehousing industry

62.63 6.6 38.40 7.0 24.24 6.3 5.16 8.5 2.33 18.8 7.54 6.3 4.88 12.6 4.34 6.4

Education and health services industry

56.10 9.9 33.64 9.7 22.46 10.4 5.10 14.1 1.85 14.5 8.02 5.6 3.76 17.6 3.74 7.6

Health care and social assistance industry

55.37 11.1 32.92 10.9 22.44 11.5 5.09 15.7 2.00 14.8 7.97 6.2 3.68 19.8 3.70 8.5

Nonunion workers

36.05 1.4 25.99 1.3 10.06 1.7 2.66 2.3 1.21 3.0 2.46 1.8 1.01 3.0 2.72 1.0

Goods-producing industries(3)

39.24 1.6 27.52 1.7 11.72 1.7 2.64 2.4 1.67 2.5 2.96 2.1 1.22 5.2 3.23 1.2

Manufacturing industries

40.60 1.9 27.76 1.9 12.84 2.1 3.13 2.8 1.77 4.1 3.45 2.4 1.47 5.9 3.02 1.4

Service-providing industries(4)

35.46 1.6 25.71 1.5 9.75 2.0 2.66 2.7 1.13 3.6 2.36 2.2 0.97 3.6 2.63 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

29.12 2.6 21.48 2.4 7.64 3.2 1.82 4.3 0.87 5.7 1.83 2.9 0.75 6.6 2.37 1.7

Retail trade industries

22.23 2.2 17.27 2.1 4.96 3.1 1.10 5.3 0.56 4.7 1.12 4.4 0.32 4.8 1.86 1.6

Transportation and warehousing industries

31.88 5.5 22.33 5.1 9.56 7.1 2.10 8.8 0.89 13.3 2.53 8.0 1.13 13.4 2.90 3.8

Education and health services industries

37.59 3.3 26.95 3.1 10.64 4.0 3.22 5.2 0.78 7.6 2.87 4.0 1.07 6.4 2.70 2.7

Health care and social assistance industries

35.92 3.9 25.66 3.7 10.26 4.7 3.14 6.0 0.84 7.7 2.75 4.8 0.92 8.5 2.61 3.1

Full-time workers

43.25 1.1 29.99 1.1 13.26 1.2 3.43 1.7 1.58 2.6 3.52 1.3 1.62 2.5 3.12 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

66.09 1.3 45.81 1.4 20.28 1.3 6.26 1.6 2.48 4.9 4.76 1.3 2.56 2.8 4.22 1.0

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.65 2.0 52.68 2.4 22.97 1.8 7.29 2.2 3.43 8.0 4.84 1.9 2.77 3.1 4.64 1.2

Professional and related occupations

59.83 1.7 41.31 1.6 18.52 2.0 5.58 2.2 1.85 5.0 4.72 1.7 2.42 4.3 3.95 1.5

Sales and office occupations

33.66 1.6 23.82 1.7 9.83 1.7 2.41 2.1 1.05 4.8 3.03 1.8 0.98 4.1 2.36 1.3

Sales and related occupations

39.81 3.5 29.71 3.6 10.10 3.5 2.60 4.4 1.34 10.5 2.42 2.7 0.99 6.1 2.74 3.0

Office and administrative support occupations

30.54 1.1 20.85 1.0 9.70 1.7 2.31 1.8 0.91 3.9 3.34 1.9 0.97 5.1 2.17 1.0

Service occupations

22.51 1.6 16.42 1.5 6.10 2.5 1.27 3.9 0.61 4.7 1.90 4.1 0.44 6.2 1.88 1.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.11 1.9 27.21 1.6 12.90 2.8 2.16 3.3 1.52 3.3 3.29 3.6 2.23 7.6 3.69 1.4

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

41.05 2.7 27.59 2.4 13.47 3.8 1.72 4.9 1.60 4.9 3.35 4.8 2.77 10.1 4.03 1.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

39.05 2.4 26.80 1.9 12.26 3.8 2.67 3.9 1.43 3.7 3.23 5.0 1.62 8.5 3.31 1.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.90 2.1 21.90 1.9 11.00 2.6 2.14 3.8 1.47 3.7 3.34 2.6 1.30 7.8 2.75 1.7

Production occupations

30.68 1.4 20.44 1.2 10.24 2.3 1.94 2.7 1.52 4.2 3.31 2.8 0.97 6.4 2.50 1.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.48 4.0 23.59 3.6 11.89 4.9 2.38 6.9 1.40 7.1 3.39 4.8 1.67 12.2 3.05 3.1

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.88 1.5 28.29 1.6 13.58 1.5 2.74 2.1 1.81 2.0 3.70 1.6 1.93 4.9 3.40 1.2

Construction industry

41.85 2.5 29.19 2.4 12.66 3.3 1.92 4.6 1.54 5.2 3.12 4.3 2.15 9.3 3.93 1.7

Manufacturing industry

41.71 1.6 27.70 1.7 14.01 1.9 3.20 2.5 1.92 3.4 4.02 1.8 1.79 6.5 3.08 1.2

Service-providing industries(4)

43.64 1.3 30.47 1.3 13.17 1.5 3.62 2.1 1.51 3.4 3.46 1.6 1.53 3.1 3.04 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

38.56 2.3 26.80 2.2 11.76 2.6 2.87 3.3 1.30 5.2 3.13 2.7 1.55 6.7 2.91 1.9

Information industry

64.00 2.9 42.50 2.8 21.50 3.7 6.06 3.9 2.94 7.5 5.52 3.3 2.87 12.8 4.10 2.3

Financial activities industry

56.23 3.9 38.07 4.9 18.16 2.3 4.83 2.7 3.29 9.2 4.70 2.0 1.95 3.6 3.40 2.0

Professional and business services industry

49.97 2.9 35.60 2.9 14.37 3.2 4.22 4.7 1.80 6.8 3.32 2.8 1.58 6.5 3.45 2.3

Education and health services industry

41.57 3.3 28.75 3.2 12.82 3.8 3.80 4.9 0.91 7.5 3.84 3.2 1.42 6.5 2.84 2.5

Leisure and hospitality industry

22.79 2.7 17.33 2.3 5.47 5.2 1.16 8.1 0.48 13.1 1.50 9.4 0.37 12.7 1.95 2.6

Other services industry

35.86 6.3 25.80 6.0 10.05 8.6 2.66 10.9 0.63 13.0 2.53 11.2 1.52 26.4 2.71 4.2

Part-time workers

19.87 2.1 15.85 1.9 4.02 3.5 0.75 7.2 0.34 5.5 0.72 6.5 0.33 8.5 1.88 1.7

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

42.75 4.4 32.66 4.2 10.08 6.0 3.09 9.4 0.88 9.0 1.66 10.0 1.08 10.0 3.37 4.0

Professional and related occupations

42.79 4.8 32.59 4.5 10.20 6.5 3.19 10.1 0.86 8.4 1.67 10.8 1.11 10.7 3.38 4.5

Sales and office occupations

17.60 1.1 14.17 0.8 3.43 3.6 0.54 5.2 0.28 7.2 0.78 10.9 0.26 7.7 1.57 1.0

Sales and related occupations

15.73 1.3 13.10 1.2 2.64 2.9 0.34 5.0 0.25 7.4 0.42 11.8 0.16 6.8 1.47 1.6

Office and administrative support occupations

20.67 2.5 15.94 1.7 4.73 6.7 0.87 6.9 0.33 12.9 1.38 16.4 0.41 10.8 1.75 2.3

Service occupations

15.19 2.6 12.63 2.2 2.56 5.9 0.33 12.9 0.18 9.9 0.37 21.8 0.11 17.4 1.57 2.3

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

21.04 3.1 15.84 2.5 5.21 6.2 0.61 8.4 0.59 12.3 1.13 13.9 0.50 15.0 2.37 2.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.16 3.7 16.33 2.8 5.83 8.0 0.65 10.6 0.68 14.4 1.35 17.2 0.63 17.3 2.52 2.8

Industry group

Service-providing industries(4)

19.77 2.2 15.79 1.9 3.98 3.5 0.75 7.3 0.33 5.6 0.72 6.6 0.31 7.1 1.87 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

18.41 2.1 14.42 1.4 3.98 4.8 0.54 5.9 0.35 6.6 0.92 9.3 0.41 9.8 1.75 1.8

Professional and business services industry

21.37 5.1 17.39 4.7 3.99 7.6 0.71 12.1 0.44 20.9 0.52 19.0 0.14 22.8 2.18 4.4

Education and health services industry

30.41 6.1 23.33 5.9 7.08 7.5 1.97 11.9 0.64 8.1 1.26 12.3 0.68 12.4 2.52 5.4

Leisure and hospitality industry

13.85 2.7 11.75 2.5 2.10 6.3 0.17 15.6 0.10 22.6 (5)0.28 30.5 0.07 27.0 1.48 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(5) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.

Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Sept. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2) Cost ($) RSE(2)

All workers

37.24 1.3 26.36 1.2 10.88 1.5 2.74 2.2 1.26 2.8 2.80 1.6 1.28 2.8 2.80 0.9

1-99 workers

31.03 1.7 23.12 1.7 7.91 2.1 1.92 2.7 0.76 5.0 1.96 2.6 0.75 5.4 2.52 1.2

1-49 workers

30.02 2.3 22.67 2.2 7.35 2.8 1.79 3.6 0.70 6.3 1.75 3.6 0.64 7.0 2.47 1.6

50-99 workers

35.18 3.0 24.98 2.9 10.19 3.5 2.44 4.9 0.99 5.0 2.81 3.8 1.21 8.2 2.74 2.3

100 workers or more

45.21 1.5 30.51 1.5 14.70 1.7 3.79 2.4 1.90 3.8 3.88 1.6 1.97 3.1 3.17 1.1

100-499 workers

38.06 2.1 26.63 2.1 11.43 2.3 2.89 3.3 1.31 3.5 3.09 2.4 1.29 4.1 2.86 1.5

500 workers or more

54.80 2.0 35.71 2.0 19.09 2.3 4.99 3.0 2.70 5.8 4.93 2.1 2.87 4.1 3.59 1.6

Goods-producing industries(3)

41.41 1.5 28.03 1.6 13.38 1.7 2.69 2.2 1.78 2.1 3.62 1.8 1.91 5.4 3.38 1.3

1-99 workers

35.23 2.3 25.06 2.0 10.17 3.7 1.84 3.8 1.23 3.2 2.58 4.9 1.31 14.6 3.21 1.7

1-49 workers

33.19 2.4 24.14 1.9 9.05 4.8 1.64 4.2 1.10 4.5 2.17 7.7 1.00 21.0 3.14 1.9

50-99 workers

41.29 3.8 27.78 3.5 13.51 4.9 2.42 5.7 1.64 6.8 3.79 4.6 2.22 16.3 3.44 4.2

100 workers or more

47.14 2.2 30.79 2.5 16.35 2.0 3.47 3.0 2.28 3.0 4.59 1.6 2.47 4.7 3.54 1.9

100-499 workers

43.61 2.3 29.03 2.6 14.58 2.1 2.94 3.6 1.99 3.6 4.18 2.6 2.01 6.2 3.47 1.9

500 workers or more

52.78 3.4 33.60 3.9 19.18 2.9 4.33 4.6 2.75 6.0 5.25 2.5 3.20 5.4 3.65 2.8

Manufacturing industry

41.25 1.7 27.44 1.7 13.81 2.1 3.14 2.6 1.90 3.6 3.94 1.9 1.78 7.5 3.05 1.3

1-99 workers

33.12 3.2 23.35 3.1 9.77 4.7 2.11 5.2 1.24 5.5 2.74 5.3 1.02 25.9 2.66 2.7

1-49 workers

30.79 4.2 22.15 3.8 8.63 7.0 1.80 7.3 1.09 7.7 2.32 8.5 (4)0.84 40.6 2.58 3.2

50-99 workers

37.91 3.9 25.80 3.6 12.12 5.5 2.75 5.9 1.54 8.2 3.59 6.1 1.39 24.7 2.85 4.0

100 workers or more

45.86 2.6 29.75 2.8 16.10 2.4 3.72 3.6 2.27 4.1 4.63 1.8 2.22 5.5 3.27 2.0

100-499 workers

39.81 2.5 26.49 2.7 13.32 2.6 3.07 4.1 1.81 3.9 4.04 2.9 1.38 8.6 3.02 1.7

500 workers or more

53.27 3.7 33.76 4.2 19.51 3.2 4.52 4.6 2.83 6.2 5.35 2.6 3.24 5.9 3.58 3.2

Service-providing industries(5)

36.39 1.5 26.02 1.4 10.38 1.9 2.75 2.6 1.16 3.4 2.63 1.9 1.16 3.4 2.69 1.1

1-99 workers

30.33 2.0 22.80 2.0 7.53 2.4 1.93 3.0 0.68 6.1 1.86 3.1 0.66 5.2 2.40 1.5

1-49 workers

29.53 2.7 22.44 2.6 7.09 3.2 1.82 4.1 0.64 7.7 1.69 4.1 0.59 6.9 2.36 1.9

50-99 workers

33.79 3.7 24.35 3.5 9.44 4.5 2.44 5.9 0.84 7.0 2.59 5.0 0.98 9.2 2.58 2.8

100 workers or more

44.73 1.8 30.44 1.7 14.29 2.2 3.86 2.8 1.81 4.8 3.70 2.0 1.84 4.0 3.08 1.4

100-499 workers

36.55 2.7 25.97 2.6 10.58 3.1 2.88 4.1 1.12 4.9 2.79 3.3 1.10 5.5 2.69 2.0

500 workers or more

55.24 2.4 36.17 2.3 19.06 2.7 5.14 3.5 2.70 7.0 4.86 2.5 2.80 5.1 3.58 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

31.67 2.4 22.57 2.2 9.10 3.0 2.08 3.9 0.97 5.1 2.38 3.2 1.16 6.9 2.52 1.8

1-99 workers

28.40 2.8 21.29 2.7 7.11 3.5 1.63 4.7 0.74 8.4 1.71 4.1 0.66 7.4 2.38 2.2

1-49 workers

27.98 3.0 21.21 2.9 6.77 3.8 1.57 5.1 0.71 11.2 1.56 4.4 0.57 8.2 2.36 2.2

50-99 workers

29.91 3.6 21.57 3.1 8.34 5.8 1.88 6.9 0.85 12.4 2.25 7.0 0.95 11.2 2.42 3.1

100 workers or more

35.90 3.2 24.23 3.0 11.67 3.7 2.65 4.6 1.27 5.5 3.24 3.7 1.81 7.9 2.70 2.8

100-499 workers

30.45 3.8 21.29 3.6 9.16 4.4 2.06 5.7 1.00 7.9 2.53 3.6 1.16 8.3 2.40 2.8

500 workers or more

49.55 6.3 31.59 6.1 17.96 6.8 4.11 8.6 1.95 11.0 5.02 7.4 3.43 11.7 3.44 5.8

Wholesale trade industry

42.92 3.1 30.52 3.0 12.40 4.1 3.26 5.0 1.61 10.1 3.01 4.4 1.38 7.6 3.14 2.3

1-99 workers

42.54 4.0 30.82 4.2 11.72 4.9 3.08 6.5 1.51 15.0 2.83 4.7 1.16 8.3 3.14 3.0

1-49 workers

42.05 5.0 30.67 5.3 11.39 5.9 2.95 7.7 1.42 19.0 2.74 5.6 1.15 10.2 3.13 3.4

100 workers or more

43.72 6.0 29.91 5.9 13.81 6.8 3.64 8.4 1.82 11.2 3.36 5.5 1.82 16.1 3.15 4.5

100-499 workers

44.44 7.9 30.73 7.9 13.70 8.5 3.70 11.2 1.66 14.6 3.33 5.2 1.82 20.0 3.20 5.7

Retail trade industry

22.51 2.0 17.19 1.9 5.32 2.5 1.13 4.7 0.56 4.6 1.33 2.7 0.44 4.1 1.87 1.4

1-99 workers

21.46 2.6 16.94 2.5 4.52 3.5 0.93 6.7 0.44 8.4 1.01 4.8 0.29 7.1 1.85 2.4

1-49 workers

21.35 2.9 17.04 2.7 4.31 4.2 0.91 8.2 0.43 10.5 0.88 5.8 0.24 7.9 1.85 2.7

50-99 workers

21.90 3.7 16.60 3.7 5.29 5.2 1.00 6.7 0.45 12.1 1.53 7.7 0.49 14.1 1.83 3.8

100 workers or more

24.08 2.2 17.55 2.1 6.53 2.9 1.43 4.5 0.74 4.2 1.80 3.9 0.65 4.9 1.91 1.4

100-499 workers

23.80 2.0 17.34 1.9 6.46 2.6 1.40 3.8 0.73 4.2 1.79 3.8 0.64 5.2 1.90 1.4

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.77 5.1 26.97 4.7 13.80 6.2 2.98 7.9 1.31 11.2 3.98 6.3 2.21 11.8 3.32 4.3

1-99 workers

29.92 4.7 21.64 4.0 8.28 7.3 1.75 8.8 0.57 12.3 2.18 10.7 0.78 18.7 2.99 4.1

1-49 workers

28.90 4.4 21.16 4.0 7.74 6.8 1.64 9.3 0.49 12.7 2.02 13.6 0.62 15.6 2.96 4.7

100 workers or more

47.61 5.6 30.33 5.5 17.28 6.1 3.76 8.0 1.77 12.7 5.11 6.4 3.11 11.1 3.52 5.2

100-499 workers

39.63 8.8 25.97 8.8 13.66 9.0 2.75 12.2 1.37 19.6 4.23 8.2 1.97 16.8 3.33 5.7

Information industry

58.89 4.0 39.34 3.7 19.56 5.1 5.60 6.2 2.61 7.9 4.96 4.6 2.56 13.8 3.82 3.4

1-99 workers

44.32 8.6 30.86 8.6 13.46 9.9 3.78 11.2 1.57 28.7 3.34 8.7 1.67 26.0 3.10 7.1

100 workers or more

69.18 3.5 45.32 3.4 23.86 4.4 6.89 7.0 3.35 6.8 6.11 3.0 3.18 18.9 4.32 3.1

100-499 workers

57.65 6.4 38.97 6.2 18.68 7.8 5.41 9.5 2.03 14.9 5.37 5.3 2.02 23.8 3.85 4.6

500 workers or more

82.09 5.5 52.43 5.6 29.66 6.2 8.55 11.1 4.84 7.0 6.94 4.6 4.48 22.1 4.85 4.7

Financial activities industry

54.04 3.8 36.73 4.8 17.30 2.4 4.57 3.1 3.11 8.7 4.47 2.4 1.84 4.0 3.30 2.0

1-99 workers

45.03 8.4 32.19 9.8 12.84 6.6 3.32 5.8 1.92 20.2 3.57 5.0 1.18 9.2 2.84 3.9

1-49 workers

43.89 10.0 31.46 11.7 12.43 7.7 3.16 6.6 1.93 24.0 3.46 5.8 1.09 10.2 2.78 4.5

100 workers or more

64.46 2.4 41.99 2.1 22.47 4.3 6.02 2.6 4.49 18.1 5.52 1.5 2.61 3.6 3.83 1.7

100-499 workers

60.20 4.2 41.03 4.2 19.17 4.7 5.51 5.4 2.52 8.0 5.21 3.7 2.24 8.7 3.70 3.3

500 workers or more

68.19 2.3 42.83 2.2 25.35 5.3 6.47 2.5 6.21 23.6 5.78 1.4 2.94 3.4 3.95 1.6

Professional and business services industry

45.36 3.3 32.66 3.2 12.70 3.8 3.65 5.0 1.58 6.3 2.87 4.2 1.35 7.4 3.25 2.6

1-99 workers

41.72 4.3 31.09 4.2 10.63 5.0 3.04 5.5 1.01 9.3 2.55 6.7 0.91 11.4 3.13 3.3

1-49 workers

39.73 6.2 29.95 5.9 9.78 7.4 2.77 8.2 0.89 9.4 2.31 10.8 0.78 15.2 3.02 4.5

50-99 workers

50.48 8.8 36.11 8.7 14.37 9.6 4.19 14.0 1.52 13.1 3.58 8.1 1.46 18.9 3.61 6.7

100 workers or more

48.98 4.3 34.23 4.1 14.75 5.3 4.27 6.5 2.15 7.5 3.19 5.5 1.78 11.0 3.37 3.5

100-499 workers

43.38 6.3 31.33 6.2 12.05 7.4 3.65 9.4 1.43 11.4 2.76 9.0 1.10 13.0 3.10 4.8

500 workers or more

55.02 5.4 37.35 5.2 17.67 6.3 4.93 8.5 2.92 10.2 3.64 6.5 2.52 12.4 3.66 4.3

Education and health services industry

38.68 3.4 27.34 3.2 11.33 4.0 3.33 5.3 0.84 6.8 3.17 3.5 1.23 6.9 2.76 2.8

1-99 workers

31.74 3.8 23.80 3.8 7.94 4.9 2.39 6.5 0.33 10.9 2.12 7.8 0.64 10.3 2.45 3.2

1-49 workers

31.77 5.0 24.23 4.8 7.54 6.5 2.36 8.5 0.30 16.7 1.82 9.6 0.60 13.2 2.46 4.0

50-99 workers

31.63 5.0 22.46 4.7 9.17 6.8 2.45 9.9 0.42 14.2 3.08 9.9 0.79 12.7 2.43 4.0

100 workers or more

44.84 3.8 30.49 3.6 14.35 4.4 4.16 5.7 1.29 6.0 4.11 4.0 1.75 7.6 3.04 3.0

100-499 workers

33.49 8.9 24.35 8.5 9.14 10.2 2.74 13.9 0.63 25.6 2.58 8.7 0.70 13.8 2.48 6.2

500 workers or more

53.99 3.3 35.44 3.2 18.55 3.6 5.31 4.7 1.82 3.6 5.33 3.2 2.60 7.9 3.48 2.8

Educational services industry

50.27 3.4 36.44 3.3 13.83 4.7 3.85 7.3 0.33 21.1 3.95 5.0 2.31 6.0 3.39 3.1

1-99 workers

35.91 6.1 27.85 6.4 8.06 11.3 1.89 21.7 0.11 20.0 2.12 16.8 1.15 20.0 2.79 7.2

100 workers or more

61.43 2.5 43.13 2.6 18.31 2.6 5.37 4.1 0.50 21.3 5.37 3.1 3.21 3.8 3.85 2.5

100-499 workers

52.64 8.9 37.99 9.1 14.65 8.8 4.54 14.3 (4)0.35 64.7 4.37 7.9 1.88 14.2 3.51 8.5

500 workers or more

67.36 2.4 46.59 2.8 20.77 1.7 5.94 3.9 0.60 9.8 6.05 1.8 4.11 3.2 4.07 2.6

Health care and social assistance industry

37.09 4.0 26.10 3.8 10.99 4.6 3.26 6.0 0.91 6.9 3.07 4.1 1.09 8.7 2.68 3.2

1-99 workers

31.22 4.3 23.29 4.3 7.92 5.4 2.45 6.7 0.36 11.2 2.12 8.5 0.58 12.0 2.41 3.5

1-49 workers

31.40 5.4 23.83 5.1 7.57 6.9 2.42 8.8 0.32 17.1 1.84 10.2 0.58 14.3 2.41 4.2

50-99 workers

30.55 6.2 21.40 5.8 9.14 8.1 2.53 10.7 0.49 15.5 3.13 11.6 0.59 18.7 2.40 4.7

100 workers or more

42.41 4.6 28.64 4.5 13.77 5.2 3.99 6.8 1.41 5.9 3.92 4.6 1.54 9.7 2.92 3.6

100-499 workers

30.99 11.1 22.57 10.6 8.42 12.8 2.51 17.3 0.67 26.5 2.35 10.7 0.55 21.1 2.35 7.5

500 workers or more

51.85 3.8 33.65 3.7 18.20 4.3 5.21 5.5 2.02 3.7 5.22 3.7 2.36 9.9 3.39 3.2

Leisure and hospitality industry

16.91 2.4 13.66 2.1 3.25 4.8 0.51 7.4 0.23 13.1 0.70 11.9 0.17 12.3 1.64 2.4

1-99 workers

16.20 2.7 13.30 2.4 2.91 5.5 0.42 9.2 0.19 16.9 0.58 15.8 0.12 15.0 1.60 2.7

1-49 workers

15.80 4.0 13.04 3.4 2.76 8.2 0.36 14.6 0.19 21.5 0.54 20.4 0.08 26.2 1.57 3.7

50-99 workers

18.79 9.7 14.91 8.9 3.88 13.6 0.81 20.6 (4)0.21 30.1 0.79 16.8 (4)0.32 38.8 1.76 8.2

100 workers or more

21.34 5.0 15.95 3.6 5.39 10.3 1.05 12.7 0.45 20.9 1.48 15.9 0.52 22.7 1.89 4.2

100-499 workers

20.23 5.4 15.58 4.5 4.65 10.1 0.86 10.0 0.50 24.8 1.06 17.5 0.32 21.4 1.91 4.7

500 workers or more

24.34 12.1 16.93 9.5 7.41 18.9 1.59 18.9 0.33 23.2 2.59 20.3 (4)1.06 34.7 1.84 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.
(5) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Sept. 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3) Cost ($) RSE(3)

Northeast

41.35 1.6 28.67 1.5 12.69 2.0 3.21 3.4 1.45 5.9 3.25 2.6 1.59 5.2 3.18 1.2

New England

41.69 2.9 29.19 2.9 12.49 3.2 3.34 7.0 1.26 5.8 3.20 4.3 1.50 5.1 3.18 2.0

Middle Atlantic

41.23 1.9 28.47 1.7 12.76 2.6 3.16 4.0 1.52 7.6 3.27 3.1 1.62 6.6 3.18 1.6

South

33.41 2.5 24.34 2.4 9.07 3.0 2.37 4.0 1.09 5.2 2.17 2.9 1.00 5.1 2.44 1.8

South Atlantic

34.59 3.3 25.12 3.1 9.47 4.2 2.54 6.0 1.05 7.3 2.25 3.6 1.07 5.4 2.56 2.4

East South Central

30.53 2.0 21.98 1.4 8.55 4.0 2.15 2.3 0.91 4.5 2.24 7.7 1.02 10.6 2.22 2.3

West South Central

32.72 5.4 24.11 5.5 8.60 6.1 2.16 6.8 1.26 9.9 1.99 6.1 0.85 14.0 2.35 3.9

Midwest

35.60 2.9 24.71 2.8 10.89 3.3 2.53 5.6 1.31 2.6 3.04 3.1 1.36 6.4 2.65 1.8

East North Central

36.68 3.7 25.42 3.5 11.25 4.2 2.60 7.5 1.39 3.0 3.06 3.8 1.50 7.9 2.70 2.2

West North Central

33.31 3.7 23.19 3.8 10.12 4.0 2.39 6.1 1.13 4.7 3.01 5.3 1.05 8.9 2.54 3.1

West

41.44 2.5 29.25 2.4 12.19 3.2 3.13 4.3 1.31 7.4 3.15 3.1 1.41 5.2 3.21 1.6

Mountain

34.78 3.1 24.40 2.8 10.38 3.9 2.42 5.1 1.34 6.7 2.83 6.2 1.18 7.8 2.60 2.0

Pacific

44.11 3.0 31.19 2.8 12.92 4.0 3.41 5.4 1.29 10.1 3.27 3.6 1.49 6.3 3.45 2.0

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error expressed as a percent of the cost.

 

Last Modified Date: December 16, 2021