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News Release Information

22-1851-SAN
Tuesday, September 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — August 2022

Area prices were unchanged percent over the past month, up 8.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), were unchanged in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) A decrease in gasoline prices helped offset higher prices for shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 10.8 percent. Energy prices rose 20.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 6.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, August 2019-August 2022
Food

Food prices increased 0.7 percent for the month of August. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.7 percent, with increases in five of the six subcategories. Prices for food away from home advanced 0.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 10.8 percent. Prices for food at home rose 13.4 percent since a year ago, with price increases above 10.0 percent in all six subcategories. Prices for food away from home advanced 7.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 5.4 percent over the month. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for gasoline (-9.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service advanced 3.0 percent, and prices for electricity rose 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 20.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (24.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 22.0 percent, and prices for electricity increased 10.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in August. Higher prices for medical care (1.2 percent) and shelter (0.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 6.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (11.0 percent), new and used motor vehicles (9.3 percent), and shelter (6.7 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4 0.9 7.7

February

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.8 8.1

March

0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.3 8.7

April

0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9 0.7 8.3

May

0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7 0.8 8.3

June

0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1 1.2 8.8

July

0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2 0.1 8.3

August

0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0 0.0 8.1

September

0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3

October

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0

November

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The September 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on October 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Aug.
2021
Jun.
2022
Jul.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

313.496 313.951 314.013 8.1 0.2 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

506.748 507.484 507.585      

Food and beverages

317.106 319.435 321.522 10.5 1.4 0.7

Food

318.838 321.428 323.582 10.8 1.5 0.7

Food at home

304.172 307.392 309.684 13.4 1.8 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

305.463 311.396 315.874 15.3 3.4 1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

342.481 339.241 338.220 10.8 -1.2 -0.3

Dairy and related products

277.787 280.307 284.299 14.9 2.3 1.4

Fruits and vegetables

385.744 387.540 390.537 10.7 1.2 0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

211.020 215.558 216.670 11.2 2.7 0.5

Other food at home

257.084 263.070 266.031 16.9 3.5 1.1

Food away from home

336.151 337.584 339.446 7.3 1.0 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

290.005 288.488 289.581 4.7 -0.1 0.4

Housing

337.805 339.184 341.297 7.5 1.0 0.6

Shelter

385.252 387.370 390.037 6.7 1.2 0.7

Rent of primary residence(1)

406.873 409.379 412.007 6.4 1.3 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

404.144 406.994 409.704 6.7 1.4 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

403.973 406.820 409.522 6.6 1.4 0.7

Fuels and utilities

377.106 374.545 376.664 10.8 -0.1 0.6

Household energy

329.280 325.206 327.690 13.3 -0.5 0.8

Energy services(1)

329.956 326.537 329.254 13.0 -0.2 0.8

Electricity(1)

354.959 355.360 355.707 10.2 0.2 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

291.702 279.382 287.655 22.0 -1.4 3.0

Household furnishings and operations

155.275 155.742 156.027 11.0 0.5 0.2

Apparel

122.336 121.815 123.502 5.3 1.0 1.4

Transportation

295.312 292.198 283.159 13.6 -4.1 -3.1

Private transportation

290.744 288.693 281.395 13.1 -3.2 -2.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

130.289 131.187 131.094 9.3 0.6 -0.1

New vehicles

172.591 173.173 173.955 8.2 0.8 0.5

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

           

New cars(4)

172.281 173.081 173.975 9.8 1.0 0.5

Used cars and trucks

204.799 205.520 204.650 8.1 -0.1 -0.4

Motor fuel

463.924 441.270 401.599 24.9 -13.4 -9.0

Gasoline (all types)

461.261 438.278 398.778 24.3 -13.5 -9.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

458.717 435.287 395.449 24.6 -13.8 -9.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

435.612 415.325 379.059 23.9 -13.0 -8.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

441.970 422.219 386.612 23.4 -12.5 -8.4

Medical Care

567.250 568.682 575.535 6.1 1.5 1.2

Medical care commodities

430.052 434.655 434.650 4.2 1.1 0.0

Medical care services

609.643 610.102 619.063 6.5 1.5 1.5

Professional services

387.899 386.038 391.203 3.4 0.9 1.3

Recreation(3)

123.361 124.108 124.640 2.5 1.0 0.4

Education and communication(3)

141.800 141.617 142.874 1.5 0.8 0.9

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,582.560 1,578.362 1,611.267 5.4 1.8 2.1

Other goods and services

500.908 504.605 508.756 6.9 1.6 0.8

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

313.496 313.951 314.013 8.1 0.2 0.0

Commodities

230.794 230.358 228.731 10.3 -0.9 -0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

186.739 185.340 182.479 10.3 -2.3 -1.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

252.083 247.292 239.234 12.6 -5.1 -3.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

341.968 334.339 319.900 14.6 -6.5 -4.3

Durables

130.502 131.121 131.431 8.1 0.7 0.2

Services

388.311 389.690 391.538 6.8 0.8 0.5

Rent of shelter(2)

410.511 412.791 415.664 6.7 1.3 0.7

Transportation services

365.608 367.484 359.466 12.3 -1.7 -2.2

Other services

383.227 384.005 386.802 3.0 0.9 0.7

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

301.783 302.196 301.976 8.3 0.1 -0.1

All items less food

312.800 312.922 312.659 7.7 0.0 -0.1

All items less shelter

285.454 285.234 284.237 9.0 -0.4 -0.3

Commodities less food

191.052 189.636 186.834 10.0 -2.2 -1.5

Nondurables

285.238 283.881 280.709 11.4 -1.6 -1.1

Nondurables less food

255.785 251.151 243.561 12.1 -4.8 -3.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

336.728 329.662 316.645 13.7 -6.0 -3.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

403.705 404.055 404.763 6.9 0.3 0.2

Services less medical care services

372.832 374.268 375.643 6.8 0.8 0.4

Energy

411.874 397.191 375.830 20.0 -8.8 -5.4

All items less energy

309.614 311.066 312.536 7.3 0.9 0.5

All items less food and energy

308.894 310.157 311.515 6.7 0.8 0.4

Commodities less food and energy commodities

163.061 163.664 164.285 7.1 0.8 0.4

Energy commodities

471.276 448.036 408.291 24.9 -13.4 -8.9

Services less energy services

393.215 394.874 396.679 6.5 0.9 0.5

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 13, 2022