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News Release Information

22-867-SAN
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — April 2022

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past month, up 8.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The April increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and food. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices advanced 9.1 percent. Energy prices jumped 31.7 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, April 2019-April 2022

Food

Food prices rose 0.9 percent for the month of April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 1.0 percent, led by higher prices for dairy and related products (2.3 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.0 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 0.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 9.1 percent. Prices for food at home jumped 11.1 percent since a year ago, led by higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (15.4 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 6.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 1.1 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (2.2 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 1.0 percent, and natural gas service prices declined 0.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 31.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (45.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 20.9 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 11.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent in April. Higher prices for new vehicles (1.1 percent), shelter (0.7 percent), and medical care (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-1.4 percent) and recreation (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (16.5 percent), household furnishings and operations (9.3 percent), and shelter (5.7 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4 0.9 7.7

February

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.8 8.1

March

0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.3 8.7

April

0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9 0.7 8.3

May

0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7

June

0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1

July

0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2

August

0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0

September

0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3

October

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0

November

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The May 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on June 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

301.158 305.082 307.145 8.3 2.0 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

486.805 493.149 496.483      

Food and beverages

304.228 306.818 309.523 8.9 1.7 0.9

Food

305.426 308.084 310.827 9.1 1.8 0.9

Food at home

288.722 293.496 296.397 11.1 2.7 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

289.271 294.139 296.523 10.1 2.5 0.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

319.495 326.704 333.278 15.4 4.3 2.0

Dairy and related products

259.727 260.589 266.489 7.8 2.6 2.3

Fruits and vegetables

375.946 378.227 380.205 8.7 1.1 0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

203.121 206.730 207.667 8.3 2.2 0.5

Other food at home

243.433 248.920 249.705 12.3 2.6 0.3

Food away from home

326.611 325.535 327.934 6.3 0.4 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

285.027 286.615 288.754 5.5 1.3 0.7

Housing

329.267 331.428 333.144 6.6 1.2 0.5

Shelter

376.280 378.224 380.733 5.7 1.2 0.7

Rent of primary residence(1)

398.598 400.197 402.333 4.9 0.9 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

395.783 397.457 399.367 5.6 0.9 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

395.614 397.286 399.190 5.5 0.9 0.5

Fuels and utilities

360.162 368.276 366.517 11.4 1.8 -0.5

Household energy

309.516 319.827 316.902 13.5 2.4 -0.9

Energy services(1)

310.804 320.630 317.845 12.9 2.3 -0.9

Electricity(1)

341.086 355.794 352.316 11.0 3.3 -1.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

259.426 258.683 257.317 20.9 -0.8 -0.5

Household furnishings and operations

151.716 152.223 152.675 9.3 0.6 0.3

Apparel

123.871 124.640 122.895 5.7 -0.8 -1.4

Transportation

261.970 274.446 279.914 20.6 6.8 2.0

Private transportation

261.597 273.820 276.601 20.4 5.7 1.0

New and used motor vehicles(3)

126.930 126.163 127.166 16.5 0.2 0.8

New vehicles

169.586 168.029 169.815 12.3 0.1 1.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

117.856 116.755        

New cars(4)

167.061 165.812 168.523 13.3 0.9 1.6

Used cars and trucks

202.981 199.731 198.827 22.7 -2.0 -0.5

Motor fuel

337.333 405.789 415.438 45.5 23.2 2.4

Gasoline (all types)

335.897 403.994 412.907 45.0 22.9 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

332.621 401.205 409.882 45.8 23.2 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

320.157 382.288 391.619 43.6 22.3 2.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

327.605 389.377 398.622 42.0 21.7 2.4

Medical Care

561.235 562.215 563.983 3.6 0.5 0.3

Medical care commodities

433.685 431.541 426.330 1.3 -1.7 -1.2

Medical care services

600.663 602.602 606.513 4.1 1.0 0.6

Professional services

386.503 386.169 386.357 2.8 0.0 0.0

Recreation(3)

122.253 123.430 122.587 4.2 0.3 -0.7

Education and communication(3)

141.868 141.415 141.206 0.7 -0.5 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,563.378 1,564.403 1,564.665 3.8 0.1 0.0

Other goods and services

490.764 493.279 497.305 5.1 1.3 0.8

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

301.158 305.082 307.145 8.3 2.0 0.7

Commodities

217.767 222.597 223.972 12.8 2.8 0.6

Commodities less food & beverages

174.406 179.758 180.579 15.4 3.5 0.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

221.901 238.360 240.215 18.0 8.3 0.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

290.886 317.736 321.910 21.5 10.7 1.3

Durables

129.329 127.989 128.152 13.2 -0.9 0.1

Services

377.199 380.009 382.716 5.7 1.5 0.7

Rent of shelter(2)

400.918 403.006 405.700 5.7 1.2 0.7

Transportation services

329.493 336.388 349.770 8.6 6.2 4.0

Other services

379.258 381.540 380.983 3.2 0.5 -0.1

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

289.227 293.260 295.328 8.7 2.1 0.7

All items less food

300.624 304.748 306.706 8.2 2.0 0.6

All items less shelter

271.700 276.446 278.335 9.8 2.4 0.7

Commodities less food

178.753 184.078 184.938 15.0 3.5 0.5

Nondurables

263.290 273.103 275.383 12.8 4.6 0.8

Nondurables less food

226.845 242.563 244.446 17.0 7.8 0.8

Nondurables less food and apparel

289.879 314.412 318.396 19.9 9.8 1.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

389.312 393.397 396.432 5.7 1.8 0.8

Services less medical care services

361.605 364.466 367.087 5.9 1.5 0.7

Energy

331.185 374.648 378.794 31.7 14.4 1.1

All items less energy

301.662 303.023 304.966 6.8 1.1 0.6

All items less food and energy

301.848 302.993 304.805 6.4 1.0 0.6

Commodities less food and energy commodities

161.474 160.890 160.950 9.4 -0.3 0.0

Energy commodities

343.844 412.864 422.320 45.3 22.8 2.3

Services less energy services

382.519 384.938 387.970 5.4 1.4 0.8

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022