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19-1266-SAN
Thursday, July 11, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Seattle area — June 2019

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 2.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Seattle area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in June 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the June increase was influenced by higher prices for household furnishings and operations and education and communication. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices edged up 0.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.5 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent for the two months ending in June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home also rose 0.5 percent, and prices for food away from home increased 0.4 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 2.0 percent. Prices for food away from home moved up 2.1 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home rose 1.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 0.8 percent for the two months ending in June. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.8 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 1.8 percent, and prices for electricity declined 0.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices edged up 0.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (0.7 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 1.1 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 7.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (8.4 percent) and education and communication (2.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-1.2 percent) and new vehicles (-0.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.5 percent. Components contributing to the increase included household furnishings and operations (9.4 percent), apparel (5.2 percent), and shelter (3.1 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a decline in the price of new vehicles (-8.1 percent).

Table A. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.2 1.1 0.2 2.2 1.0 3.4 0.8 3.3 0.7 2.7

April

0.9 0.4 1.1 2.5 0.8 3.1 0.8 3.3 0.5 2.4

June

1.6 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.8 3.0 0.8 3.3 0.7 2.3

August

0.0 1.8 0.3 2.1 -0.2 2.5 -0.3 3.1

October

-0.3 1.2 0.0 2.4 0.5 3.0 0.4 3.1

December

-0.2 2.2 0.0 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.2 2.8

The August 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue area is scheduled to be released on September 12, 2019.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS introduced a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). As part of the new sample, the index for this area was renamed. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/additional-resources/geographic-revision-2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 94 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties in the State of Washington.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2019
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jun.
2018
Apr.
2019
May
2019

Expenditure category

All items

276.765 - 278.631 2.3 0.7 -

All items (1967=100)

843.688 - 849.377 - - -

Food and beverages

274.083 - 275.571 2.2 0.5 -

Food

276.621 - 277.874 2.0 0.5 -

Food at home

253.812 256.405 254.986 1.9 0.5 -0.6

Cereals and bakery products

317.245 - 304.231 10.4 -4.1 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

211.457 - 217.192 5.6 2.7 -

Dairy and related products

212.898 - 212.438 -3.0 -0.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

404.213 - 406.015 1.4 0.4 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

303.481 - 304.021 0.7 0.2 -

Other food at home

210.672 - 213.358 -1.3 1.3 -

Food away from home

311.597 - 312.973 2.1 0.4 -

Food away from home

311.597 - 312.973 2.1 0.4 -

Alcoholic beverages

243.450 - 247.778 4.8 1.8 -

Housing

326.987 - 329.145 3.4 0.7 -

Shelter

378.411 379.042 378.254 3.1 0.0 -0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

387.464 383.266 384.479 2.6 -0.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

396.251 397.587 397.971 4.3 0.4 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

396.251 397.587 397.971 4.3 0.4 0.1

Fuels and utilities

272.578 - 271.612 0.2 -0.4 -

Household energy

244.460 242.558 242.143 -1.0 -0.9 -0.2

Energy services(2)

288.359 286.975 286.996 -0.6 -0.5 0.0

Electricity(2)

320.213 319.644 319.636 1.1 -0.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

151.718 148.913 148.993 -7.9 -1.8 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

171.427 - 185.770 9.4 8.4 -

Apparel

130.313 - 130.110 5.2 -0.2 -

Transportation

226.901 - 229.333 -2.8 1.1 -

Private transportation

238.682 - 240.238 -1.6 0.7 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

98.488 - 98.852 -4.8 0.4 -

New vehicles(1)

196.026 - 194.280 -8.1 -0.9 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

321.639 - 323.281 2.0 0.5 -

Motor fuel

377.829 399.736 384.651 0.7 1.8 -3.8

Gasoline (all types)

385.795 408.255 392.759 0.7 1.8 -3.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

419.033 443.464 426.280 0.6 1.7 -3.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

304.910 319.121 309.666 1.9 1.6 -3.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

352.888 374.074 360.967 1.5 2.3 -3.5

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

584.118 - 584.118 0.3 0.0 -

Medical care

405.557 - 406.516 1.9 0.2 -

Recreation(6)

99.473 - 98.301 1.5 -1.2 -

Education and communication(6)

136.262 - 139.860 5.2 2.6 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,560.351 - 1,644.177 13.9 5.4 -

Other goods and services

412.268 - 418.440 2.7 1.5 -

Commodity and service group

All items

276.765 - 278.631 2.3 0.7 -

Commodities

194.769 - 197.028 1.5 1.2 -

Commodities less food & beverages

155.995 - 158.470 1.1 1.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

196.125 - 196.679 1.2 0.3 -

Durables

116.985 - 120.995 1.0 3.4 -

Services

353.349 - 354.795 2.7 0.4 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

270.996 - 272.910 2.3 0.7 -

All items less shelter

237.885 - 240.558 1.8 1.1 -

Commodities less food

159.612 - 162.157 1.3 1.6 -

Nondurables

233.642 - 234.631 1.7 0.4 -

Nondurables less food

200.250 - 201.038 1.5 0.4 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

331.279 - 334.802 2.2 1.1 -

Services less medical care services

345.811 - 347.221 2.6 0.4 -

Energy

318.978 329.877 321.557 0.1 0.8 -2.5

All items less energy

277.434 - 279.283 2.4 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

277.826 - 279.775 2.5 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 11, 2019