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News Release Information

20-1400-SAN
Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Seattle area — June 2020

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past two months, up 0.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Seattle area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), edged up 0.2 percent for the two months ending in June 2020, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the June increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and recreation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 0.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.1 percent over the year. Food prices rose 5.2 percent. Energy prices dropped 14.8 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices increased 0.5 percent for the two months ending in June. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 0.8 percent, while prices for food away from home were unchanged for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 5.2 percent. Prices for food at home increased 5.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 4.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index moved down 0.2 percent for the two months ending in June. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for natural gas service (-4.3 percent). Prices for gasoline inched down 0.1 percent, but prices for electricity rose 0.8 percent for the same period.

Energy prices dropped 14.8 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-25.4 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 9.0 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (4.1 percent), recreation (2.5 percent), and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-1.7 percent), household furnishings and operations (-1.1 percent), and education and communication (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (3.6 percent) and medical care (2.4 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in apparel (-5.4 percent) and used cars and trucks (-3.3 percent).

Table A. Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.2 2.2 1.0 3.4 0.8 3.3 0.7 2.7 1.0 2.5

April

1.1 2.5 0.8 3.1 0.8 3.3 0.5 2.4 -0.6 1.3

June

0.9 1.8 0.8 3.0 0.8 3.3 0.7 2.3 0.2 0.9

August

0.3 2.1 -0.2 2.5 -0.3 3.1 0.6 3.2

October

0.0 2.4 0.5 3.0 0.4 3.1 -0.6 2.2

December

0.0 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.2 2.8 0.3 2.2

The August 2020 Consumer Price Index for the Seattle area is scheduled to be released on September 11, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on June 2020 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in June was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 94 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE:Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of King, Pierce, and Snohomish Counties in the State of Washington.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2020
May
2020
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2019
Apr.
2020
May
2020

Expenditure category

All items

280.484 - 281.055 0.9 0.2 -

All items (1967=100)

855.025 - 856.764 - - -

Food and beverages

286.133 - 288.774 4.8 0.9 -

Food

290.923 - 292.237 5.2 0.5 -

Food at home

267.831 267.244 270.013 5.9 0.8 1.0

Cereals and bakery products

317.045 - 303.237 -0.3 -4.4 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

232.225 - 240.243 10.6 3.5 -

Dairy and related products

228.942 - 239.761 12.9 4.7 -

Fruits and vegetables

404.772 - 412.102 1.5 1.8 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

342.323 - 337.909 11.1 -1.3 -

Other food at home

222.158 - 222.317 4.2 0.1 -

Food away from home

326.660 - 326.729 4.4 0.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

236.020 - 250.088 0.9 6.0 -

Housing

339.029 - 339.670 3.2 0.2 -

Shelter

390.109 394.223 391.737 3.6 0.4 -0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

400.789 403.365 403.095 4.8 0.6 -0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

413.375 414.911 414.385 4.1 0.2 -0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

413.375 414.911 414.385 4.1 0.2 -0.1

Fuels and utilities

280.128 - 279.628 3.0 -0.2 -

Household energy

249.108 248.301 248.339 2.6 -0.3 0.0

Energy services(2)

295.169 293.960 293.960 2.4 -0.4 0.0

Electricity(2)

321.535 324.170 324.170 1.4 0.8 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

169.760 162.430 162.430 9.0 -4.3 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

184.163 - 182.133 -2.0 -1.1 -

Apparel

118.257 - 123.056 -5.4 4.1 -

Transportation

213.554 - 209.356 -8.7 -2.0 -

Private transportation

227.142 - 221.685 -7.7 -2.4 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

- - 97.548 -1.3 - -

New vehicles(1)

- - 196.819 1.3 - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

318.029 - 312.760 -3.3 -1.7 -

Motor fuel

287.649 277.141 287.264 -25.3 -0.1 3.7

Gasoline (all types)

293.277 282.383 292.956 -25.4 -0.1 3.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

315.445 302.757 315.504 -26.0 0.0 4.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

246.930 233.948 241.537 -22.0 -2.2 3.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

278.048 272.040 277.016 -23.3 -0.4 1.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

576.371 - 576.371 -1.3 0.0 -

Medical care

414.474 - 416.143 2.4 0.4 -

Recreation(6)

95.375 - 97.752 -0.6 2.5 -

Education and communication(6)

140.886 - 139.880 0.0 -0.7 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,682.370 - 1,686.953 2.6 0.3 -

Other goods and services

- - 418.547 0.0 - -

Commodity and service group

All items

280.484 - 281.055 0.9 0.2 -

Commodities

195.138 - 195.331 -0.9 0.1 -

Commodities less food & beverages

151.509 - 150.599 -5.0 -0.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

179.826 - 180.075 -8.4 0.1 -

Durables

121.876 - 120.119 -0.7 -1.4 -

Services

360.232 - 361.176 1.8 0.3 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

274.468 - 274.986 0.8 0.2 -

All items less shelter

238.623 - 238.818 -0.7 0.1 -

Commodities less food

154.822 - 154.580 -4.7 -0.2 -

Nondurables

231.096 - 232.530 -0.9 0.6 -

Nondurables less food

184.417 - 185.961 -7.5 0.8 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

332.799 - 332.998 -0.5 0.1 -

Services less medical care services

352.587 - 353.244 1.7 0.2 -

Energy

274.629 268.826 274.040 -14.8 -0.2 1.9

All items less energy

283.463 - 284.092 1.7 0.2 -

All items less food and energy

282.362 - 282.867 1.1 0.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 14, 2020