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News Release Information

21-1853-SAN
Wednesday, October 13, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Riverside Area – September 2021

Area prices were up 0.8 percent over the past two months, up 6.8 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Riverside area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.8 percent for the two months ending in September 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.8 percent. Food prices increased 4.2 percent. Energy prices jumped 27.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 5.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 1.1 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 1.3 percent, led by higher prices for nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials (4.0 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.3 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 0.8 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 4.2 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 4.3 percent since a year ago, influenced by a jump in prices of 14.2 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. Prices for food away from home rose 4.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index rose 1.4 percent for the two months ending in September. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.4 percent). Prices for electricity rose 1.7 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 1.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices surged 27.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (36.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 16.0 percent, and prices for electricity jumped 15.5 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.6 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (5.9 percent), new vehicles (4.2 percent), and shelter (1.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-5.4 percent), recreation (-4.1 percent), and household furnishings and operations (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 5.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (18.2 percent), household furnishings and operations (6.1 percent), and shelter (4.9 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in recreation (-2.7 percent) and apparel (-2.0 percent).

The November 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Riverside area is scheduled to be released on December 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on September 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in September was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA metropolitan area includes Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario (December 2017=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021
Sep.
2021
Sep.
2020
Jul.
2021
Aug.
2021

Expenditure category

All items

114.682 - 115.557 6.8 0.8 -

Food and beverages

114.876 - 116.213 4.1 1.2 -

Food

115.351 - 116.564 4.2 1.1 -

Food at home

114.183 113.869 115.655 4.3 1.3 1.6

Cereals and bakery products

119.875 - 119.893 3.6 0.0 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

118.483 - 121.158 14.2 2.3 -

Dairy and related products

108.333 - 105.590 -1.9 -2.5 -

Fruits and vegetables

114.204 - 116.447 -0.6 2.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

115.090 - 119.676 3.8 4.0 -

Other food at home

109.189 - 109.625 1.7 0.4 -

Food away from home

116.163 - 117.066 4.1 0.8 -

Alcoholic beverages

106.547 - 110.294 2.2 3.5 -

Housing

115.204 - 116.848 5.7 1.4 -

Shelter

114.225 114.983 116.173 4.9 1.7 1.0

Rent of primary residence

114.534 115.176 116.578 4.3 1.8 1.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

114.070 114.961 115.856 4.4 1.6 0.8

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

114.070 114.961 115.856 4.4 1.6 0.8

Fuels and utilities

126.873 - 128.311 11.3 1.1 -

Household energy

129.340 130.444 131.382 15.2 1.6 0.7

Energy services

130.160 131.270 132.178 15.6 1.6 0.7

Electricity

125.387 126.319 127.491 15.5 1.7 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service

148.992 150.838 150.636 16.0 1.1 -0.1

Household furnishings and operations

109.019 - 108.177 6.1 -0.8 -

Apparel

99.178 - 105.003 -2.0 5.9 -

Transportation

123.234 - 122.634 21.6 -0.5 -

Private transportation

125.090 - 125.208 22.6 0.1 -

New and used motor vehicles

114.513 - 113.728 18.2 -0.7 -

New vehicles

109.450 - 114.090 12.5 4.2 -

Used cars and trucks

144.266 - 136.488 23.5 -5.4 -

Motor fuel

139.197 140.639 141.089 36.0 1.4 0.3

Gasoline (all types)

139.544 141.036 141.459 36.0 1.4 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

140.051 141.559 141.977 36.6 1.4 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

140.177 141.640 142.077 34.2 1.4 0.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

136.760 138.188 138.624 33.4 1.4 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

124.119 - 123.914 6.5 -0.2 -

Medical care

111.171 - 111.558 1.8 0.3 -

Recreation

104.158 - 99.851 -2.7 -4.1 -

Education and communication

109.439 - 109.805 2.8 0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

119.305 - 120.178 0.8 0.7 -

Other goods and services

114.563 - 115.833 6.1 1.1 -

Commodity and service group

All items

114.682 - 115.557 6.8 0.8 -

Commodities

115.009 - 116.214 9.4 1.0 -

Commodities less food & beverages

115.045 - 116.173 12.7 1.0 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

115.722 - 118.249 15.1 2.2 -

Durables

113.748 - 113.380 10.1 -0.3 -

Services

114.594 - 115.277 5.3 0.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

114.925 - 115.834 7.1 0.8 -

All items less shelter

115.048 - 115.293 8.0 0.2 -

Commodities less food

114.765 - 115.966 12.4 1.0 -

Nondurables

115.272 - 117.167 9.0 1.6 -

Nondurables less food

115.192 - 117.783 14.4 2.2 -

Services less rent of shelter

115.055 - 113.974 6.1 -0.9 -

Services less medical care services

114.599 - 115.360 5.7 0.7 -

Energy

135.842 137.153 137.806 27.0 1.4 0.5

All items less energy

112.816 - 113.596 5.0 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

112.440 - 113.149 5.2 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, October 13, 2021