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19-1979-SAN
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Riverside Area – September 2019

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past two months, up 3.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Riverside area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.6 percent for the two months ending in September 2019, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and apparel. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 3.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.2 percent over the year. Food prices advanced 2.5 percent. Energy prices rose 3.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.7 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 1.1 percent, and prices for food at home inched up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.5 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.9 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home edged up 0.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 0.9 percent for the two months ending in September. The decrease was mainly due to lower prices for electricity (-3.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 1.7 percent, while prices for gasoline were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices rose 3.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (2.8 percent). Prices paid for electricity advanced 6.5 percent, but prices for natural gas service declined 1.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for apparel (5.3 percent) and shelter (0.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for new and used motor vehicles (-1.5 percent) and other goods and services (-0.4 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.9 percent) and medical care (4.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in new and used vehicles (-2.0 percent) and recreation (-1.6 percent).

The November 2019 Consumer Price Index for the Riverside area is scheduled to be released on December 11, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario metropolitan area covered in this release consists of Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario (December 2017=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All items

105.816 - 106.412 3.1 0.6 -

Food and beverages

103.941 - 104.565 2.4 0.6 -

Food

104.110 - 104.819 2.5 0.7 -

Food at home

101.244 100.711 101.440 0.2 0.2 0.7

Cereals and bakery products

104.160 - 104.417 -0.3 0.2 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

99.090 - 101.027 -0.5 2.0 -

Dairy and related products

101.720 - 100.287 -2.3 -1.4 -

Fruits and vegetables

100.899 - 101.854 2.3 0.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

106.864 - 106.858 2.8 0.0 -

Other food at home

99.291 - 98.057 -0.5 -1.2 -

Food away from home

107.013 - 108.242 4.9 1.1 -

Food away from home

107.013 - 108.242 4.9 1.1 -

Alcoholic beverages

101.082 - 100.275 -0.7 -0.8 -

Housing

106.527 - 107.048 4.6 0.5 -

Shelter

107.354 107.640 108.236 4.9 0.8 0.6

Rent of primary residence

106.753 107.035 107.864 4.7 1.0 0.8

Owners' equiv. rent of residences

107.627 107.920 108.330 5.2 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence

107.627 107.920 108.330 5.2 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

104.852 - 103.093 4.8 -1.7 -

Household energy

100.097 97.511 97.338 4.1 -2.8 -0.2

Energy services

100.191 97.614 97.393 4.4 -2.8 -0.2

Electricity

95.590 92.582 92.563 6.5 -3.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

116.109 115.025 114.107 -1.2 -1.7 -0.8

Household furnishings and operations

100.647 - 100.572 0.8 -0.1 -

Apparel

101.186 - 106.510 1.7 5.3 -

Transportation

108.664 - 108.799 1.3 0.1 -

Private transportation

108.785 - 108.647 1.0 -0.1 -

New and used motor vehicles

100.963 - 99.454 -2.0 -1.5 -

New vehicles

100.553 - 100.417 -1.1 -0.1 -

Used cars and trucks

104.139 - 101.173 1.7 -2.8 -

Motor fuel

120.735 116.093 120.653 2.7 -0.1 3.9

Gasoline (all types)

120.868 116.190 120.785 2.8 -0.1 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(1)

121.129 116.337 121.008 2.7 -0.1 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(1)

120.917 116.511 120.741 3.5 -0.1 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(1)

119.420 115.281 119.545 3.0 0.1 3.7

Motor vehicle insurance

110.121 - 110.121 0.4 0.0 -

Medical care

103.777 - 104.586 4.6 0.8 -

Recreation

100.590 - 101.354 -1.6 0.8 -

Education and communication

105.592 - 105.604 2.8 0.0 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care

112.161 - 114.277 5.3 1.9 -

Other goods and services

105.894 - 105.500 2.1 -0.4 -

Commodity and service group

All items

105.816 - 106.412 3.1 0.6 -

Commodities

104.892 - 105.489 1.6 0.6 -

Commodities less food & beverages

105.529 - 106.107 1.0 0.5 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

107.950 - 108.946 1.0 0.9 -

Durables

102.044 - 102.020 1.1 0.0 -

Services

106.384 - 106.981 4.0 0.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

105.958 - 106.540 3.0 0.5 -

All items less shelter

104.955 - 105.392 2.0 0.4 -

Commodities less food

105.369 - 105.897 1.0 0.5 -

Nondurables

105.820 - 106.618 1.7 0.8 -

Nondurables less food

107.541 - 108.430 0.9 0.8 -

Services less rent of shelter

105.064 - 105.259 2.7 0.2 -

Services less medical care services

106.494 - 107.068 3.9 0.5 -

Energy

113.202 109.311 112.143 3.1 -0.9 2.6

All items less energy

105.153 - 105.898 3.1 0.7 -

All items less food and energy

105.347 - 106.099 3.2 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019