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Thursday, June 29, 2017


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale — May 2016

Workers in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $26.71 in May 2016, about 12 percent above the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 18 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; legal; and architecture and engineering. Only one group had a significantly lower wage than its respective national average: production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 9 of the 22 occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; office and administrative support; and business and financial operations. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including construction and extraction; installation, maintenance, and repair; and healthcare practitioners and technical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Los Angeles United States Los Angeles Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $26.71* 12


5.1 5.4* 56.74 61.23* 8

Business and financial operations

5.2 5.8* 36.09 38.78* 7

Computer and mathematical

3.0 2.5* 42.25 43.78* 4

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.5* 40.53 46.85* 16

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.8 35.06 36.98* 5

Community and social service

1.4 1.6* 22.69 27.83* 23


0.8 0.9* 50.95 61.83* 21

Education, training, and library

6.2 6.0 26.21 31.25* 19

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 3.8* 28.07 41.53* 48

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.1* 38.06 43.68* 15

Healthcare support

2.9 2.3* 14.65 17.09* 17

Protective service

2.4 2.7* 22.03 27.13 23

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 9.4* 11.47 12.76* 11

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.4* 13.47 15.06* 12

Personal care and service

3.2 3.2 12.74 14.66* 15

Sales and related

10.4 10.1 19.50 20.25* 4

Office and administrative support

15.7 17.0* 17.91 19.46* 9

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 14.58 9

Construction and extraction

4.0 2.5* 23.51 26.87* 14

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.0* 22.45 24.71* 10


6.5 6.3* 17.88 16.80* -6

Transportation and material moving

6.9 7.4* 17.34 17.52 1

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale had 162,160 jobs in arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media, accounting for 3.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 1.4-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $41.53, significantly above the national wage of $28.07.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media group included producers and directors (22,090), actors (12,490), and film and video editors (12,050). Among the higher paying jobs were producers and directors and art directors, with mean hourly wages of $67.81 and $62.46, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were dancers ($15.47) and merchandise displayers and window trimmers ($16.30). (Detailed occupational data for arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media group. For instance, film and video editors were employed at 13.4 times the national rate in Los Angeles, and camera operators, television, video, and motion picture, at 9.4 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, coaches and scouts had a location quotient of 1.0 in Los Angeles, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the California Employment Development Department.

Notes on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division included 12,466 establishments with a response rate of 55 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. Metropolitan Division  includes Los Angeles County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

162,160 2.8 $41.53 $86,380

Art directors

3,430 3.2 62.46 129,920

Craft artists

180 1.2 27.89 58,020

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators

1,640 4.7 38.50 80,080

Multimedia artists and animators

5,670 6.3 39.37 81,890

Artists and related workers, all other

330 1.6 32.23 67,040

Commercial and industrial designers

1,420 1.5 34.65 72,060

Fashion designers

4,590 7.9 37.94 78,920

Floral designers

690 0.5 16.74 34,810

Graphic designers

10,960 1.7 28.36 59,000

Interior designers

2,510 1.6 36.92 76,790

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

2,340 0.7 16.30 33,890

Set and exhibit designers

2,530 7.0 31.47 65,450

Designers, all other

1,270 5.8 43.14 89,730


12,490 8.6 (5) (5)

Producers and directors

22,090 6.4 67.81 141,040

Coaches and scouts

6,730 1.0 (5) 44,390

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

460 0.8 (5) 25,460


280 0.9 15.47 (6)


120 0.8 20.97 43,630

Music directors and composers

740 1.3 28.27 58,810

Musicians and singers

3,110 2.6 38.57 (6)

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

3,200 8.1 26.64 (6)

Radio and television announcers

1,050 1.2 37.75 78,530

Public address system and other announcers

420 1.7 24.52 51,010

Broadcast news analysts

(5) (5) 37.14 77,260

Reporters and correspondents

1,510 1.3 26.58 55,280

Public relations specialists

7,610 1.1 35.34 73,500


4,570 1.6 39.45 82,050

Technical writers

1,310 0.9 38.72 80,530

Writers and authors

4,910 3.7 53.78 111,870

Interpreters and translators

1,650 1.1 26.64 55,410

Media and communication workers, all other

7,270 10.4 26.15 54,400

Audio and video equipment technicians

9,590 4.6 27.61 57,420

Broadcast technicians

2,400 2.6 26.63 55,390

Radio operators

30 1.2 (5) (5)

Sound engineering technicians

3,690 8.1 37.97 78,970


2,900 2.0 28.73 59,750

Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture

6,110 9.4 36.49 75,910

Film and video editors

12,050 13.4 51.80 107,740

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

7,760 13.9 40.44 84,120

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.


Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 29, 2017