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News Release Information

22-2150-SAN
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — October 2022

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past month, up 8.1 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.7 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The October increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 8.1 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 10.5 percent. Energy prices increased 24.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, October 2019-October 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 0.6 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 0.2 percent, with higher prices in four of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home rose 1.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 10.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 11.8 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 8.1 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 14.9 percent for other food at home. Prices for food away from home rose 8.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 5.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (8.3 percent). Prices for electricity advanced 1.9 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 3.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 24.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (33.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 12.7 percent, and prices for electricity rose 9.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in October. Higher prices for shelter (0.6 percent) and recreation (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-2.2 percent), medical care (-0.5 percent), and household furnishings and operations (-0.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (7.2 percent), new and used motor vehicles (6.8 percent), and medical care (5.8 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4 0.9 7.7

February

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.8 8.1

March

0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.3 8.7

April

0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9 0.7 8.3

May

0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7 0.8 8.3

June

0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1 1.2 8.8

July

0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2 0.1 8.3

August

0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0 0.0 8.1

September

0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3 0.3 8.3

October

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0 0.7 8.1

November

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The November 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on December 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

314.013 315.094 317.299 8.1 1.0 0.7

All items (December 1977=100)

507.585 509.331 512.896      

Food and beverages

321.522 323.196 325.289 10.1 1.2 0.6

Food

323.582 325.368 327.312 10.5 1.2 0.6

Food at home

309.684 311.473 312.155 11.8 0.8 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

315.874 316.590 320.348 14.3 1.4 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

338.220 342.424 343.299 8.1 1.5 0.3

Dairy and related products

284.299 285.055 283.916 14.0 -0.1 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

390.537 395.247 391.901 9.7 0.3 -0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

216.670 219.904 220.708 11.0 1.9 0.4

Other food at home

266.031 264.816 266.416 14.9 0.1 0.6

Food away from home

339.446 341.180 345.261 8.5 1.7 1.2

Alcoholic beverages

289.581 289.606 293.879 4.9 1.5 1.5

Housing

341.297 343.325 345.092 7.4 1.1 0.5

Shelter

390.037 392.875 395.367 7.2 1.4 0.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

412.007 415.793 418.953 7.2 1.7 0.8

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

409.704 413.541 416.203 7.2 1.6 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

409.522 413.341 415.996 7.1 1.6 0.6

Fuels and utilities

376.664 378.177 379.933 8.8 0.9 0.5

Household energy

327.690 329.464 332.078 10.8 1.3 0.8

Energy services(1)

329.254 331.435 333.224 10.5 1.2 0.5

Electricity(1)

355.707 356.042 362.797 9.8 2.0 1.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

287.655 294.166 284.737 12.7 -1.0 -3.2

Household furnishings and operations

156.027 155.649 155.108 7.5 -0.6 -0.3

Apparel

123.502 125.596 125.343 4.3 1.5 -0.2

Transportation

283.159 281.109 287.321 15.1 1.5 2.2

Private transportation

281.395 279.405 285.147 14.1 1.3 2.1

New and used motor vehicles(3)

131.094 129.218 128.176 6.8 -2.2 -0.8

New vehicles

173.955 174.083 174.748 7.0 0.5 0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

           

New cars(4)

173.975 174.279 174.793 8.9 0.5 0.3

Used cars and trucks

204.650 195.855 191.640 2.7 -6.4 -2.2

Motor fuel

401.599 400.726 433.144 33.8 7.9 8.1

Gasoline (all types)

398.778 398.085 430.968 33.6 8.1 8.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

395.449 394.709 427.664 33.9 8.1 8.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

379.059 378.897 409.380 33.0 8.0 8.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

386.612 386.142 416.636 32.2 7.8 7.9

Medical Care

575.535 581.386 578.273 5.8 0.5 -0.5

Medical care commodities

434.650 433.516 433.426 3.7 -0.3 0.0

Medical care services

619.063 627.061 623.019 6.3 0.6 -0.6

Professional services

391.203 399.239 397.833 5.0 1.7 -0.4

Recreation(3)

124.640 124.771 125.367 2.4 0.6 0.5

Education and communication(3)

142.874 143.433 143.188 0.8 0.2 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,611.267 1,631.390 1,625.960 3.9 0.9 -0.3

Other goods and services

508.756 506.461 509.802 5.5 0.2 0.7

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

314.013 315.094 317.299 8.1 1.0 0.7

Commodities

228.731 228.268 230.415 9.8 0.7 0.9

Commodities less food & beverages

182.479 181.280 183.324 9.6 0.5 1.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

239.234 239.801 247.557 14.9 3.5 3.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

319.900 319.531 332.569 17.8 4.0 4.1

Durables

131.431 129.390 128.069 4.6 -2.6 -1.0

Services

391.538 394.206 396.383 7.2 1.2 0.6

Rent of shelter(2)

415.664 418.772 421.427 7.3 1.4 0.6

Transportation services

359.466 361.129 367.184 15.5 2.1 1.7

Other services

386.802 388.271 390.163 2.8 0.9 0.5

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

301.976 302.853 305.272 8.3 1.1 0.8

All items less food

312.659 313.629 315.876 7.8 1.0 0.7

All items less shelter

284.237 284.606 286.702 8.7 0.9 0.7

Commodities less food

186.834 185.649 187.765 9.4 0.5 1.1

Nondurables

280.709 281.818 286.867 12.2 2.2 1.8

Nondurables less food

243.561 244.101 251.708 14.2 3.3 3.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

316.645 316.311 328.539 16.7 3.8 3.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

404.763 407.158 408.954 7.0 1.0 0.4

Services less medical care services

375.643 377.954 380.535 7.2 1.3 0.7

Energy

375.830 376.137 395.694 24.1 5.3 5.2

All items less energy

312.536 313.676 314.760 7.0 0.7 0.3

All items less food and energy

311.515 312.548 313.489 6.4 0.6 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

164.285 163.111 162.359 4.7 -1.2 -0.5

Energy commodities

408.291 407.149 440.236 33.6 7.8 8.1

Services less energy services

396.679 399.386 401.594 7.0 1.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022