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19-1795-SAN
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, West Region — September 2019

Area prices were up 0.3 percent over the past month, up 2.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.3 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The September increase was influenced by higher prices for apparel and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 3.0 percent over the year. Food prices advanced 2.7 percent. Energy prices decreased 1.1 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent for the month of September. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home increased 0.6 percent, and prices for food at home rose 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 2.7 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 3.8 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 1.7 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 0.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (1.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service decreased 1.0 percent, and prices for electricity decreased 0.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 1.1 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-2.2 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 3.9 percent, but prices paid for electricity advanced 2.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent in September. Higher prices for apparel (4.3 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for other goods and services (-0.3 percent) and medical care (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 3.0 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (4.6 percent) and household furnishings and operations (3.7 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in apparel (-0.7 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.3 0.7 0.5 2.6 0.5 2.5 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7

February

0.6 0.9 0.1 2.1 0.6 3.0 0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4

March

0.8 1.1 0.2 1.5 0.3 3.1 0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4

April

0.3 1.0 0.5 1.8 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9

May

0.8 1.2 0.5 1.5 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9

June

0.0 1.1 0.2 1.6 0.0 2.5 0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7

July

0.3 1.3 0.1 1.4 0.1 2.5 0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7

August

-0.1 1.3 0.0 1.5 0.2 2.7 0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6

September

-0.2 1.0 0.3 2.0 0.5 2.9 0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6

October

0.0 1.1 0.3 2.3 0.3 2.9 0.4 3.5

November

-0.2 1.5 -0.2 2.3 0.0 3.1 -0.2 3.3

December

-0.1 1.8 0.0 2.5 0.1 3.1 -0.2 3.1

The October 2019 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on November 13, 2019.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

Expenditure category

All Items

271.029 271.264 272.102 2.6 0.4 0.3

All items (December 1977=100)

438.103 438.483 439.839      

Food and beverages

265.981 265.684 266.908 2.6 0.3 0.5

Food

265.820 265.531 266.870 2.7 0.4 0.5

Food at home

250.450 249.406 250.531 1.7 0.0 0.5

Cereals and bakery products

267.252 265.039 268.127 3.8 0.3 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

257.627 257.263 259.437 1.5 0.7 0.8

Dairy and related products

229.565 232.001 231.028 2.2 0.6 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

335.658 332.753 332.862 1.4 -0.8 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

173.183 171.176 171.955 0.3 -0.7 0.5

Other food at home

213.575 212.771 213.654 1.3 0.0 0.4

Food away from home

285.801 286.485 288.102 3.8 0.8 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

264.692 264.307 264.029 1.3 -0.3 -0.1

Housing

300.107 301.000 301.774 4.3 0.6 0.3

Shelter

346.749 348.257 349.189 4.6 0.7 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

367.222 368.205 370.096 4.8 0.8 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

363.373 364.784 366.097 4.5 0.7 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

363.387 364.792 366.101 4.5 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

310.304 309.466 308.582 2.2 -0.6 -0.3

Household energy

263.307 261.438 259.801 0.9 -1.3 -0.6

Energy services(1)

265.733 263.965 262.225 1.0 -1.3 -0.7

Electricity(1)

299.276 297.286 295.549 2.4 -1.2 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

201.779 200.433 198.516 -3.9 -1.6 -1.0

Household furnishings and operations

133.648 133.167 134.040 3.7 0.3 0.7

Apparel

114.572 115.220 120.198 -0.7 4.9 4.3

Transportation

221.551 219.655 219.408 0.0 -1.0 -0.1

Private transportation

217.085 215.380 215.030 0.0 -0.9 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles(3)

101.437 101.234 99.719 0.4 -1.7 -1.5

New vehicles

148.020 147.708 147.517 1.1 -0.3 -0.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

102.785 102.566 102.436 1.1 -0.3 -0.1

New cars(4)

146.176 146.207 145.982 1.6 -0.1 -0.2

Used cars and trucks

137.543 138.797 133.329 2.2 -3.1 -3.9

Motor fuel

271.868 263.895 267.730 -2.3 -1.5 1.5

Gasoline (all types)

270.957 262.925 266.861 -2.2 -1.5 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

267.890 259.833 263.710 -2.4 -1.6 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

259.061 252.338 255.446 -1.5 -1.4 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

265.401 257.964 262.003 -1.5 -1.3 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

847.192 846.586 847.027 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Medical Care

509.995 513.165 512.817 3.6 0.6 -0.1

Medical care commodities

388.206 392.902 388.800 1.6 0.2 -1.0

Medical care services

548.445 551.076 552.011 4.1 0.7 0.2

Professional services

359.806 359.808 358.709 1.2 -0.3 -0.3

Recreation(3)

114.362 114.405 114.847 0.8 0.4 0.4

Education and communication(3)

137.607 138.033 138.154 0.0 0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,475.057 1,482.731 1,491.739 2.4 1.1 0.6

Other goods and services

448.392 450.917 449.522 2.8 0.3 -0.3

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

271.029 271.264 272.102 2.6 0.4 0.3

Commodities

187.703 187.223 188.239 1.3 0.3 0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

148.918 148.394 149.280 0.5 0.2 0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

196.202 194.665 197.192 -0.6 0.5 1.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

253.475 250.370 251.095 -0.5 -0.9 0.3

Durables

106.584 106.852 106.454 2.1 -0.1 -0.4

Services

348.499 349.461 350.092 3.4 0.5 0.2

Rent of shelter(2)

369.260 370.879 371.879 4.6 0.7 0.3

Transportation services

322.397 321.034 320.998 0.3 -0.4 0.0

Other services

357.133 357.889 358.571 1.3 0.4 0.2

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

260.103 260.212 261.099 2.6 0.4 0.3

All items less food

272.022 272.339 273.100 2.6 0.4 0.3

All items less shelter

241.338 241.063 241.866 1.6 0.2 0.3

Commodities less food

153.199 152.675 153.538 0.5 0.2 0.6

Nondurables

231.325 230.342 232.299 1.1 0.4 0.8

Nondurables less food

201.333 199.853 202.233 -0.4 0.4 1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

254.234 251.390 252.020 -0.4 -0.9 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

361.099 361.338 361.575 1.9 0.1 0.1

Services less medical care services

334.514 335.364 335.975 3.3 0.4 0.2

Energy

272.575 266.906 268.626 -1.1 -1.4 0.6

All items less energy

273.171 273.838 274.619 2.9 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

275.257 276.089 276.778 3.0 0.6 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

140.168 140.533 141.049 1.2 0.6 0.4

Energy commodities

276.455 268.359 272.235 -2.3 -1.5 1.4

Services less energy services

354.648 355.764 356.528 3.5 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019