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News Release Information

22-1160-SAN
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, West Region — May 2022

Area prices were up 0.8 percent over the past month, up 8.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the West Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.8 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The May increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter, food, and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 9.8 percent. Energy prices jumped 31.7 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, West Region, May 2019-May 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 1.2 percent for the month of May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.2 percent, led by higher prices for dairy and related products (3.2 percent) and meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (1.5 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 1.1 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 9.8 percent. Prices for food at home jumped 11.9 percent since a year ago, with increases above 10.0 percent in five of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home rose 6.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 3.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (3.5 percent). Prices for natural gas service increased 7.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 1.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 31.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (44.5 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service increased 22.2 percent, and prices for electricity rose 10.8 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.5 percent in May. Higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent), new and used motor vehicles (0.5 percent), and medical care (0.5 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-0.4 percent), education and communication (-0.1 percent), and recreation (-0.1 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.0 percent), household furnishings and operations (8.0 percent), and shelter (5.9 percent).

Table A. West region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.7 0.3 2.9 0.2 1.4 0.9 7.7

February

0.5 3.1 0.2 2.4 0.4 3.1 0.5 1.6 0.8 8.1

March

0.4 3.2 0.4 2.4 -0.2 2.5 0.7 2.4 1.3 8.7

April

0.4 3.2 0.8 2.9 -0.4 1.3 1.0 3.9 0.7 8.3

May

0.5 3.5 0.5 2.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 4.7 0.8 8.3

June

0.2 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.4 1.2 0.9 5.1

July

0.1 3.6 0.0 2.7 0.5 1.7 0.6 5.2

August

0.2 3.6 0.1 2.6 0.3 1.9 0.2 5.0

September

0.3 3.4 0.3 2.6 0.0 1.6 0.2 5.3

October

0.4 3.5 0.5 2.8 0.2 1.2 0.8 6.0

November

-0.2 3.3 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.4 0.5 6.5

December

-0.2 3.1 -0.2 2.8 -0.1 1.5 0.4 7.1

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the West Region is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The West Region covered in this release is comprised of the following thirteen states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

West (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Expenditure category

All Items

305.082 307.145 309.645 8.3 1.5 0.8

All items (December 1977=100)

493.149 496.483 500.524      

Food and beverages

306.818 309.523 312.918 9.5 2.0 1.1

Food

308.084 310.827 314.456 9.8 2.1 1.2

Food at home

293.496 296.397 299.993 11.9 2.2 1.2

Cereals and bakery products

294.139 296.523 300.153 10.3 2.0 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

326.704 333.278 338.424 15.0 3.6 1.5

Dairy and related products

260.589 266.489 275.029 11.4 5.5 3.2

Fruits and vegetables

378.227 380.205 381.664 9.5 0.9 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

206.730 207.667 210.726 11.1 1.9 1.5

Other food at home

248.920 249.705 251.380 12.1 1.0 0.7

Food away from home

325.535 327.934 331.529 6.9 1.8 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

286.615 288.754 288.689 5.1 0.7 0.0

Housing

331.428 333.144 335.311 6.7 1.2 0.7

Shelter

378.224 380.733 382.726 5.9 1.2 0.5

Rent of primary residence(1)

400.197 402.333 404.198 5.0 1.0 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

397.457 399.367 401.519 5.7 1.0 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

397.286 399.190 401.344 5.7 1.0 0.5

Fuels and utilities

368.276 366.517 373.469 11.7 1.4 1.9

Household energy

319.827 316.902 325.330 13.8 1.7 2.7

Energy services(1)

320.630 317.845 326.508 13.3 1.8 2.7

Electricity(1)

355.794 352.316 356.644 10.8 0.2 1.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

258.683 257.317 276.358 22.2 6.8 7.4

Household furnishings and operations

152.223 152.675 153.479 8.0 0.8 0.5

Apparel

124.640 122.895 122.382 6.0 -1.8 -0.4

Transportation

274.446 279.914 285.185 19.2 3.9 1.9

Private transportation

273.820 276.601 280.414 18.5 2.4 1.4

New and used motor vehicles(3)

126.163 127.166 127.860 13.0 1.3 0.5

New vehicles

168.029 169.815 171.505 11.6 2.1 1.0

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

116.755          

New cars(4)

165.812 168.523 170.996   3.1 1.5

Used cars and trucks

199.731 198.827 200.407 16.0 0.3 0.8

Motor fuel

405.789 415.438 430.133 45.0 6.0 3.5

Gasoline (all types)

403.994 412.907 427.409 44.5 5.8 3.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

401.205 409.882 424.606 45.1 5.8 3.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

382.288 391.619 404.185 43.0 5.7 3.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

389.377 398.622 411.339 41.8 5.6 3.2

Motor vehicle insurance(6)

           

Medical Care

562.215 563.983 566.873 4.5 0.8 0.5

Medical care commodities

431.541 426.330 427.357 1.6 -1.0 0.2

Medical care services

602.602 606.513 609.977 5.2 1.2 0.6

Professional services

386.169 386.357 387.767 3.2 0.4 0.4

Recreation(3)

123.430 122.587 122.490 3.6 -0.8 -0.1

Education and communication(3)

141.415 141.206 141.034 0.4 -0.3 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,564.403 1,564.665 1,566.464 3.8 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

493.279 497.305 499.546 5.5 1.3 0.5

Commodity and Service Group

All Items

305.082 307.145 309.645 8.3 1.5 0.8

Commodities

222.597 223.972 226.272 12.4 1.7 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

179.758 180.579 182.356 14.3 1.4 1.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

238.360 240.215 243.622 18.4 2.2 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

317.736 321.910 327.889 21.8 3.2 1.9

Durables

127.989 128.152 128.840 10.5 0.7 0.5

Services

380.009 382.716 385.326 5.9 1.4 0.7

Rent of shelter(2)

403.006 405.700 407.841 6.0 1.2 0.5

Transportation services

336.388 349.770 355.856 8.3 5.8 1.7

Other services

381.540 380.983 381.253 3.0 -0.1 0.1

Special aggregate indexes:

All items less medical care

293.260 295.328 297.802 8.7 1.5 0.8

All items less food

304.748 306.706 309.031 8.1 1.4 0.8

All items less shelter

276.446 278.335 281.050 9.7 1.7 1.0

Commodities less food

184.078 184.938 186.692 13.9 1.4 0.9

Nondurables

273.103 275.383 278.804 13.4 2.1 1.2

Nondurables less food

242.563 244.446 247.677 17.4 2.1 1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

314.412 318.396 323.822 20.2 3.0 1.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

393.397 396.432 399.962 5.9 1.7 0.9

Services less medical care services

364.466 367.087 369.635 6.0 1.4 0.7

Energy

374.648 378.794 390.935 31.7 4.3 3.2

All items less energy

303.023 304.966 306.854 6.8 1.3 0.6

All items less food and energy

302.993 304.805 306.402 6.2 1.1 0.5

Commodities less food and energy commodities

160.890 160.950 161.495 8.1 0.4 0.3

Energy commodities

412.864 422.320 437.032 44.9 5.9 3.5

Services less energy services

384.938 387.970 390.245 5.6 1.4 0.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

- Data not available
Regions defined as the four Census regions. West includes Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022