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News Release Information

22-872-SAN
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — April 2022

Area prices were up 1.5 percent over the past two months, up 5.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.5 percent for the two months ending in April 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 5.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices moved up 10.2 percent. Energy prices jumped 31.1 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Francisco, April 2019-April 2022
Food

Food prices rose 1.1 percent for the two months ending in April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home advanced 1.7 percent, led by higher prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (7.3 percent) and dairy and related products (6.3 percent). Prices for food away from home advanced 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 10.2 percent. Prices for food at home jumped 13.9 percent since a year ago. Increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 6.8 percent for fruits and vegetables to 19.3 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs. Prices for food away from home increased 6.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index jumped 13.5 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (20.4 percent). Prices for electricity increased 8.6 percent, but prices for natural gas service declined 1.8 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 31.1 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (43.0 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 23.4 percent, and prices for electricity increased 18.2 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for other goods and services (3.2 percent) and medical care (1.0 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-2.4 percent), recreation (-2.1 percent), and used cars and trucks (-2.1 percent).    

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 2.7 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (22.3 percent), recreation (8.0 percent), and medical care (3.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decrease in shelter (-0.1 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

1.4 3.6 0.5 3.5 0.9 2.9 0.5 1.6 1.4 5.2

April

0.8 3.2 1.2 4.0 -0.5 1.1 1.7 3.8 1.5 5.0

June

0.9 3.9 0.2 3.2 0.7 1.6 0.0 3.2

August

0.6 4.3 0.1 2.7 0.0 1.6 0.5 3.7

October

0.7 4.4 1.0 3.0 0.5 1.1 0.7 3.8

December

0.1 4.5 -0.5 2.5 0.4 2.0 0.8 4.2

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

320.195 - 324.878 5.0 1.5 -

All items (1967=100)

984.369 - 998.766 - - -

Food and beverages

334.605 - 338.207 9.5 1.1 -

Food

336.402 - 340.217 10.2 1.1 -

Food at home

305.485 308.745 310.554 13.9 1.7 0.6

Cereals and bakery products

308.332 - 308.815 15.1 0.2 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

333.698 - 358.126 19.3 7.3 -

Dairy and related products

302.103 - 321.150 12.0 6.3 -

Fruits and vegetables

397.584 - 394.023 6.8 -0.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

216.230 - 218.623 8.1 1.1 -

Other food at home

264.150 - 258.799 16.2 -2.0 -

Food away from home

370.023 - 371.272 6.0 0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

315.737 - 316.572 1.4 0.3 -

Housing

370.763 - 372.662 1.2 0.5 -

Shelter

415.760 414.415 416.308 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Rent of primary residence(2)

469.286 469.629 471.426 0.8 0.5 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

444.617 444.852 444.585 1.4 0.0 -0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

444.617 444.852 444.585 1.4 0.0 -0.1

Fuels and utilities

514.971 - 535.078 13.9 3.9 -

Household energy

469.032 499.960 496.178 18.3 5.8 -0.8

Energy services(2)

470.615 501.111 497.554 18.2 5.7 -0.7

Electricity(2)

494.214 548.767 536.767 18.2 8.6 -2.2

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

423.823 401.193 416.368 23.4 -1.8 3.8

Household furnishings and operations

160.063 - 162.568 4.0 1.6 -

Apparel

113.006 - 110.297 3.1 -2.4 -

Transportation

238.498 - 257.897 19.1 8.1 -

Private transportation

241.233 - 255.212 19.4 5.8 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

- - 117.730 - - -

New vehicles(1)

- - 189.443 - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

376.607 - 368.593 22.3 -2.1 -

Motor fuel

343.538 408.338 414.030 43.2 20.5 1.4

Gasoline (all types)

342.218 406.871 411.914 43.0 20.4 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

342.591 408.300 413.186 43.5 20.6 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

319.134 377.244 382.446 42.5 19.8 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

322.988 380.191 385.567 40.8 19.4 1.4

Medical care

567.774 - 573.254 3.2 1.0 -

Recreation(6)

137.237 - 134.314 8.0 -2.1 -

Education and communication(6)

155.546 - 155.644 2.3 0.1 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

- - - - - -

Other goods and services

540.581 - 557.976 4.1 3.2 -

Commodity and service group

All items

320.195 - 324.878 5.0 1.5 -

Commodities

222.186 - 227.995 12.5 2.6 -

Commodities less food & beverages

162.426 - 168.703 15.3 3.9 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

212.593 - 226.684 16.3 6.6 -

Durables

- - 114.742 - - -

Services

402.721 - 406.485 2.0 0.9 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

309.967 - 314.604 5.1 1.5 -

All items less shelter

282.565 - 289.662 9.2 2.5 -

Commodities less food

169.355 - 175.590 14.4 3.7 -

Nondurables

275.005 - 283.926 12.1 3.2 -

Nondurables less food

220.811 - 234.134 14.7 6.0 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

405.976 - 415.532 5.8 2.4 -

Services less medical care services

391.232 - 394.977 2.0 1.0 -

Energy

395.621 447.197 449.124 31.1 13.5 0.4

All items less energy

320.537 - 323.112 3.7 0.8 -

All items less food and energy

318.955 - 321.347 2.7 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022