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News Release Information

22-2152-SAN
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — October 2022

Area prices were up 1.0 percent over the past two months, up 6.0 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 1.0 percent for the two months ending in October 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.0 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 10.0 percent. Energy prices increased 25.9 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Francisco, October 2019-October 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 1.6 percent for the two months ending in October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.3 percent, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables (4.9 percent). Prices for food away from home rose 2.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 10.0 percent. Prices for food at home rose 10.6 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 6.4 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 15.3 percent for dairy and related products. Prices for food away from home rose 9.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 7.1 percent for the two months ending in October. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (11.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 12.4 percent, but prices for electricity fell 1.3 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 25.9 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (32.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 18.9 percent, and prices for natural gas service advanced 16.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for education and communication (1.2 percent) and shelter (0.4 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for used cars and trucks (-6.5 percent), apparel (-1.1 percent), and medical care (-0.7 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (15.1 percent), medical care (5.6 percent), and shelter (2.6 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

1.4 3.6 0.5 3.5 0.9 2.9 0.5 1.6 1.4 5.2

April

0.8 3.2 1.2 4.0 -0.5 1.1 1.7 3.8 1.5 5.0

June

0.9 3.9 0.2 3.2 0.7 1.6 0.0 3.2 1.7 6.8

August

0.6 4.3 0.1 2.7 0.0 1.6 0.5 3.7 -0.5 5.7

October

0.7 4.4 1.0 3.0 0.5 1.1 0.7 3.8 1.0 6.0

December

0.1 4.5 -0.5 2.5 0.4 2.0 0.8 4.2

The December 2022 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco area is scheduled to be released on January 12, 2023.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

328.871 - 332.062 6.0 1.0 -

All items (1967=100)

1,011.040 - 1,020.851 - - -

Food and beverages

347.940 - 353.755 9.6 1.7 -

Food

350.468 - 356.160 10.0 1.6 -

Food at home

320.223 323.811 324.289 10.6 1.3 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

309.012 - 323.030 9.9 4.5 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

352.123 - 352.305 6.4 0.1 -

Dairy and related products

337.802 - 337.695 15.3 0.0 -

Fruits and vegetables

404.120 - 424.105 12.9 4.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

224.431 - 234.793 8.1 4.6 -

Other food at home

281.560 - 275.706 12.0 -2.1 -

Food away from home

381.888 - 390.174 9.0 2.2 -

Alcoholic beverages

319.555 - 327.094 4.1 2.4 -

Housing

377.070 - 378.800 3.7 0.5 -

Shelter

420.049 420.799 421.899 2.6 0.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

476.384 477.579 479.999 2.8 0.8 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

449.725 451.708 453.373 2.4 0.8 0.4

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

449.725 451.708 453.373 2.4 0.8 0.4

Fuels and utilities

550.167 - 558.399 12.9 1.5 -

Household energy

515.068 524.719 526.540 19.0 2.2 0.3

Energy services(2)

515.039 526.170 526.891 18.6 2.3 0.1

Electricity(2)

550.218 550.218 542.853 18.9 -1.3 -1.3

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

443.035 479.051 497.759 16.3 12.4 3.9

Household furnishings and operations

167.074 - 166.432 7.3 -0.4 -

Apparel

112.328 - 111.124 3.3 -1.1 -

Transportation

256.288 - 264.174 17.2 3.1 -

Private transportation

256.064 - 263.700 15.9 3.0 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

121.083 - 120.852 15.1 -0.2 -

New vehicles(1)

192.915 - 194.542 18.1 0.8 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

383.123 - 358.099 3.3 -6.5 -

Motor fuel

391.441 401.663 435.974 32.1 11.4 8.5

Gasoline (all types)

389.207 399.469 434.285 32.0 11.6 8.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

389.898 400.233 435.633 32.2 11.7 8.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

362.823 372.567 403.504 31.7 11.2 8.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

366.263 375.683 406.453 31.1 11.0 8.2

Medical care

591.731 - 587.405 5.6 -0.7 -

Recreation(6)

137.162 - 138.058 0.4 0.7 -

Education and communication(6)

154.392 - 156.273 0.1 1.2 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,889.617 - 1,943.403 1.6 2.8 -

Other goods and services

559.463 - 571.546 8.1 2.2 -

Commodity and service group

All items

328.871 - 332.062 6.0 1.0 -

Commodities

231.403 - 235.596 10.9 1.8 -

Commodities less food & beverages

169.379 - 172.641 12.4 1.9 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

225.306 - 233.954 14.2 3.8 -

Durables

116.529 - 116.272 11.1 -0.2 -

Services

410.978 - 413.349 3.9 0.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

318.049 - 321.507 6.0 1.1 -

All items less shelter

293.958 - 298.004 8.7 1.4 -

Commodities less food

176.341 - 179.774 11.9 1.9 -

Nondurables

288.106 - 295.387 11.4 2.5 -

Nondurables less food

233.031 - 241.666 13.2 3.7 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

421.685 - 425.089 6.1 0.8 -

Services less medical care services

398.449 - 401.337 3.8 0.7 -

Energy

443.030 453.077 474.556 25.9 7.1 4.7

All items less energy

327.598 - 329.571 4.9 0.6 -

All items less food and energy

324.964 - 326.374 4.1 0.4 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022