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17-987-SAN
Friday, July 14, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, San Diego - First Half 2017

Area prices were up 1.7 percent over the past six months, up 3.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego Area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.7 percent in the first half of 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the six-month increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 3.3 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices rose 9.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.4 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent in the first half of 2017. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home increased 1.2 percent, while prices for food away from home decreased 0.5 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices edged up 0.1 percent. Prices for food away from home advanced 0.3 percent since a year ago, while prices for food at home were unchanged.

Energy

The energy index increased 6.1 percent since the second half of 2016. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (7.7 percent). Prices for electricity increased 5.4 percent, while prices for natural gas service were unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices rose 9.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (8.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity and natural gas service rose 11.4 percent and 10.5 percent, respectively, during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent in the latest-six month period. Higher prices for apparel (5.3 percent), other goods and services (3.8 percent), and shelter (1.9 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for education and communication (-1.4 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.3 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.4 percent. Components contributing to the increase included apparel (10.9 percent), shelter (4.5 percent), and recreation (4.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases was a price decline in education and communication (-1.5 percent).

Table A. San Diego CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

1.3 1.7 0.6 0.9 1.4 2.4 0.9 0.8 0.4 2.0 1.7 3.3

Second Half

0.3 1.5 1.1 1.7 -0.1 1.3 1.6 2.4 1.5 2.0    

The Second Half 2017 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego is scheduled to be released mid-January 2018.

Consumer Price Index Geographic Revision for 2018

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This index will change to a bimonthly publication schedule beginning in January, 2018. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego, CA metropolitan area covered in this release consists of San Diego County in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2017 from-
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
1st half
2017
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

272.628 276.837 281.561 3.3 1.7

All items (1967=100)

921.839 936.069 952.043 - -

Food and beverages

250.802 249.953 251.054 0.1 0.4

Food

247.966 247.261 248.274 0.1 0.4

Food at home

224.494 221.896 224.516 0.0 1.2

Food away from home

278.205 280.339 278.933 0.3 -0.5

Alcoholic beverages

271.582 269.043 271.156 -0.2 0.8

Housing

310.972 318.689 324.086 4.2 1.7

Shelter

350.446 359.328 366.122 4.5 1.9

Rent of primary residence

343.020 350.857 361.348 5.3 3.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)

372.674 379.648 386.679 3.8 1.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)

372.674 379.648 386.679 3.8 1.9

Fuels and utilities

284.088 297.785 307.267 8.2 3.2

Household energy

244.828 260.242 270.931 10.7 4.1

Energy services

240.003 256.076 266.827 11.2 4.2

Electricity

233.377 246.655 259.907 11.4 5.4

Utility (piped) gas service

185.479 204.947 204.875 10.5 0.0

Household furnishings and operations

183.793 184.004 181.619 -1.2 -1.3

Apparel

146.727 154.573 162.789 10.9 5.3

Transportation

205.418 205.124 213.765 4.1 4.2

Private transportation

196.071 196.296 205.400 4.8 4.6

Motor fuel

219.589 220.884 237.819 8.3 7.7

Gasoline (all types)

219.773 220.989 237.910 8.3 7.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(2)

227.481 228.832 246.440 8.3 7.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(2)(3)

189.936 192.187 206.095 8.5 7.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium(2)

225.955 226.391 243.429 7.7 7.5

Medical care

- - - - -

Recreation(4)

149.835 155.012 156.316 4.3 0.8

Education and communication(4)

145.529 145.421 143.358 -1.5 -1.4

Other goods and services

376.381 376.440 390.846 3.8 3.8
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

272.628 276.837 281.561 3.3 1.7

Commodities

193.789 193.756 196.843 1.6 1.6

Commodities less food & beverages

163.718 164.100 168.180 2.7 2.5

Nondurables less food & beverages

182.225 185.256 192.748 5.8 4.0

Durables

145.336 142.460 142.441 -2.0 0.0

Services

342.113 350.117 356.289 4.1 1.8
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

264.169 268.293 273.132 3.4 1.8

All items less shelter

242.232 244.491 248.381 2.5 1.6

Commodities less food

168.454 168.727 172.749 2.5 2.4

Nondurables

216.911 218.079 222.520 2.6 2.0

Nondurables less food

189.833 192.515 199.708 5.2 3.7

Services less rent of shelter(1)

350.633 357.854 363.498 3.7 1.6

Services less medical care services

330.490 338.590 344.987 4.4 1.9

Energy

225.813 232.520 246.783 9.3 6.1

All items less energy

278.406 282.473 286.556 2.9 1.4

All items less food and energy

285.278 290.280 294.969 3.4 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 14, 2017