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News Release Information

22-1163-SAN
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, San Diego Area – May 2022

Area prices were up 1.1 percent over the past two months, up 8.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Diego area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.1 percent for the two months ending in May 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the May increase was influenced by higher prices for food and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices jumped 12.5 percent. Energy prices rose 34.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, San Diego, May 2019-May 2022
Food

Food prices advanced 2.4 percent for the two months ending in May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 2.7 percent, with prices rising in all six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home increased 1.9 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices jumped 12.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 13.9 percent since a year ago, with increases above 10.0 percent in five of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home increased 10.8 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.8 percent for the two months ending in May. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (3.9 percent). Prices for natural gas service jumped 12.9 percent, but prices for electricity decreased 2.4 percent for the same period.

Energy prices jumped 34.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (43.3 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 18.3 percent, and prices for natural gas service increased 18.1 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.7 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (2.1 percent), medical care (1.3 percent), and shelter (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-0.8 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included recreation (9.3 percent), new and used motor vehicles (9.1 percent), and shelter (5.5 percent).

Table A. San Diego-Carlsbad, CA, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.6 0.3 2.3 0.4 1.7 2.0 8.2

March

0.5 2.2 0.0 1.8 2.4 4.1 2.1 7.9

May

1.0 3.8 -0.4 0.3 0.7 5.3 1.1 8.3

July

-0.3 1.4 1.4 2.1 2.1 6.0

September

0.6 1.7 -0.4 1.1 0.1 6.5

November

0.2 2.6 0.6 1.6 0.7 6.6

The July 2022 Consumer Price Index for the San Diego area is scheduled to be released on August 10, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Diego-Carlsbad, CA metropolitan area includes San Diego County in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Diego-Carlsbad (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

339.852 - 343.502 8.3 1.1 -

All items (1967=100)

1,149.144 - 1,161.486 - - -

Food and beverages

304.398 - 310.855 11.6 2.1 -

Food

302.758 - 309.882 12.5 2.4 -

Food at home

266.660 270.494 273.966 13.9 2.7 1.3

Cereals and bakery products

321.331 - 327.663 15.8 2.0 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

280.300 - 289.617 17.4 3.3 -

Dairy and related products

207.524 - 215.288 11.9 3.7 -

Fruits and vegetables

287.894 - 289.872 6.9 0.7 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

297.646 - 309.898 10.7 4.1 -

Other food at home

248.690 - 256.132 15.9 3.0 -

Food away from home

350.255 - 356.873 10.8 1.9 -

Alcoholic beverages

310.468 - 309.469 3.2 -0.3 -

Housing

392.844 - 395.709 6.2 0.7 -

Shelter

441.681 442.824 444.264 5.5 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

435.388 437.248 441.266 5.7 1.4 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

464.350 465.949 469.361 5.6 1.1 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

464.350 465.949 469.361 5.6 1.1 0.7

Fuels and utilities

442.879 - 445.229 14.3 0.5 -

Household energy

440.427 430.326 443.703 18.8 0.7 3.1

Energy services

433.798 423.676 437.324 18.3 0.8 3.2

Electricity

434.562 424.132 424.132 18.3 -2.4 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service

300.576 294.319 339.431 18.1 12.9 15.3

Household furnishings and operations

205.181 - 209.474 7.1 2.1 -

Apparel

167.162 - 165.849 2.9 -0.8 -

Transportation

295.251 - 300.607 17.2 1.8 -

Private transportation

290.372 - 293.849 17.2 1.2 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

134.800 - 134.633 9.1 -0.1 -

New vehicles(1)

246.933 - 250.180 0.8 1.3 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

340.478 - 342.790 15.5 0.7 -

Motor fuel

454.330 461.652 472.181 43.6 3.9 2.3

Gasoline (all types)

453.547 461.047 471.163 43.3 3.9 2.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

471.073 478.636 489.408 43.8 3.9 2.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

392.350 399.558 407.541 42.2 3.9 2.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

457.920 466.378 475.547 41.5 3.8 2.0

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

- - - - - -

Medical care

531.954 - 538.781 3.1 1.3 -

Recreation(3)

177.289 - 178.918 9.3 0.9 -

Education and communication(3)

139.394 - 139.665 2.9 0.2 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,608.448 - 1,608.448 3.5 0.0 -

Other goods and services

454.015 - 455.979 2.3 0.4 -

Commodity and service group

All items

339.852 - 343.502 8.3 1.1 -

Commodities

240.740 - 244.863 12.6 1.7 -

Commodities less food & beverages

206.861 - 209.874 13.4 1.5 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

251.503 - 255.224 18.0 1.5 -

Durables

161.780 - 164.092 8.1 1.4 -

Services

425.688 - 428.743 5.9 0.7 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

330.677 - 334.185 8.7 1.1 -

All items less shelter

299.379 - 303.480 10.1 1.4 -

Commodities less food

211.537 - 214.425 12.6 1.4 -

Nondurables

279.613 - 284.708 14.4 1.8 -

Nondurables less food

257.510 - 260.900 16.2 1.3 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

429.484 - 433.326 6.7 0.9 -

Services less medical care services

412.553 - 415.303 6.1 0.7 -

Energy

443.558 444.552 455.966 34.0 2.8 2.6

All items less energy

337.007 - 340.199 6.8 0.9 -

All items less food and energy

344.288 - 346.791 5.8 0.7 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a November 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022