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News Release Information

22-2151-SAN
Thursday, November 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — October 2022

Area prices were up 0.6 percent over the past month, up 7.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.6 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 7.5 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 7.8 percent. Energy prices increased 23.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.0 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Los Angeles, October 2019-October 2022
Food

Food prices fell 0.2 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home declined 0.9 percent, with lower prices in four of the six grocery categories. Prices for food away from home rose 0.7 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 7.8 percent. Prices for food at home rose 10.8 percent since a year ago. Price increases across food at home expenditure categories ranged from 3.0 percent for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs to 18.9 percent for cereals and bakery products. Prices for food away from home rose 4.5 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 5.4 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (9.9 percent). Prices for electricity advanced 5.4 percent, but prices for natural gas service decreased 14.5 percent for the same period.

Energy prices increased 23.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (35.1 percent). Prices paid for electricity rose 7.5 percent, and prices for natural gas service increased 5.9 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in October. Higher prices for medical care (1.1 percent) and shelter (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.8 percent) and used cars and trucks (-2.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.0 percent. Components contributing to the increase included new and used motor vehicles (13.4 percent), medical care (7.2 percent), and shelter (5.6 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9 1.1 7.5

February

0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4 0.4 1.0 0.3 7.4

March

0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 0.7 1.9 0.5 2.2 1.5 8.5

April

0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7 1.1 3.6 0.5 7.9

May

0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 3.9 0.8 8.0

June

-0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4 0.6 4.0 1.1 8.6

July

0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9 0.6 3.9 -0.2 7.7

August

0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0 0.2 4.0 0.1 7.6

September

0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2 0.3 4.6 0.5 7.8

October

0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7 0.9 5.4 0.6 7.5

November

-0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0 0.6 6.0

December

-0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5 0.4 6.6

The November 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on December 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Oct.
2022
Oct.
2021
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

313.608 315.033 317.014 7.5 1.1 0.6

All items (1967=100)

926.537 930.748 936.600 - - -

Food and beverages

317.736 320.536 320.025 7.6 0.7 -0.2

Food

319.021 322.266 321.612 7.8 0.8 -0.2

Food at home

310.558 315.111 312.279 10.8 0.6 -0.9

Cereals and bakery products

331.841 337.095 343.234 18.9 3.4 1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

337.247 338.514 337.257 3.0 0.0 -0.4

Dairy and related products

304.347 300.335 298.565 12.0 -1.9 -0.6

Fruits and vegetables

417.611 421.582 413.551 7.4 -1.0 -1.9

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

296.194 303.892 304.976 10.3 3.0 0.4

Other food at home

244.159 252.369 245.990 17.6 0.7 -2.5

Food away from home

321.602 323.031 325.274 4.5 1.1 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

279.473 275.849 277.382 4.5 -0.7 0.6

Housing

352.247 353.666 355.306 5.8 0.9 0.5

Shelter

400.693 402.407 404.703 5.6 1.0 0.6

Rent of primary residence(2)

423.239 425.229 427.667 5.6 1.0 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

415.107 418.239 420.304 5.8 1.3 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

415.083 418.215 420.280 5.8 1.3 0.5

Fuels and utilities

450.050 449.727 445.079 6.4 -1.1 -1.0

Household energy

405.977 405.583 400.078 7.5 -1.5 -1.4

Energy services(2)

403.902 403.730 397.756 7.3 -1.5 -1.5

Electricity(2)

424.685 424.685 447.621 7.5 5.4 5.4

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

404.711 404.215 345.765 5.9 -14.6 -14.5

Household furnishings and operations

130.500 131.327 132.504 8.4 1.5 0.9

Apparel

122.620 124.475 118.557 6.1 -3.3 -4.8

Transportation

269.677 272.931 279.793 17.1 3.8 2.5

Private transportation

272.449 275.222 281.868 16.9 3.5 2.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

116.345 116.884 115.380 13.4 -0.8 -1.3

New vehicles(1)

194.828 194.696 195.817 7.4 0.5 0.6

Used cars and trucks(1)

405.360 387.496 378.884 3.3 -6.5 -2.2

Motor fuel

406.125 415.712 456.213 35.2 12.3 9.7

Gasoline (all types)

395.770 405.371 445.375 35.1 12.5 9.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

396.978 406.580 447.050 35.3 12.6 10.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

377.878 387.495 424.768 34.5 12.4 9.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

377.309 386.549 423.341 34.1 12.2 9.5

Medical care

546.372 547.429 553.630 7.2 1.3 1.1

Recreation(6)

120.067 119.993 120.946 5.4 0.7 0.8

Education and communication(6)

157.399 155.189 155.490 1.0 -1.2 0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

2,216.400 2,193.934 2,183.793 5.0 -1.5 -0.5

Other goods and services

489.187 485.279 490.726 3.5 0.3 1.1

Commodity and service group

All items

313.608 315.033 317.014 7.5 1.1 0.6

Commodities

218.853 219.715 221.871 9.9 1.4 1.0

Commodities less food & beverages

167.480 167.525 170.620 11.8 1.9 1.8

Nondurables less food & beverages

232.395 235.332 243.757 16.8 4.9 3.6

Durables

106.495 104.841 104.390 5.7 -2.0 -0.4

Services

396.914 398.845 400.614 6.2 0.9 0.4

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

303.339 304.774 306.582 7.5 1.1 0.6

All items less shelter

275.119 276.418 278.261 8.8 1.1 0.7

Commodities less food

172.615 172.565 175.659 11.4 1.8 1.8

Nondurables

276.532 279.420 283.446 11.5 2.5 1.4

Nondurables less food

238.295 240.859 248.961 15.9 4.5 3.4

Services less rent of shelter(3)

402.260 404.555 405.670 7.2 0.8 0.3

Services less medical care services

382.702 384.634 386.008 6.1 0.9 0.4

Energy

408.390 414.015 436.228 23.8 6.8 5.4

All items less energy

309.953 311.134 311.908 6.3 0.6 0.2

All items less food and energy

308.463 309.292 310.310 6.0 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 10, 2022