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News Release Information

22-2006-SAN
Thursday, October 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Honolulu Area — September 2022

Area prices were up 0.8 percent over the past two months, up 6.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Honolulu area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), increased 0.8 percent for the two months ending in September 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Chris Rosenlund noted that the September increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and electricity. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 6.6 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices rose 7.4 percent. Energy prices rose 36.3 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of electricity. The index for all items less food and energy increased 4.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Urban Hawaii, September 2019-September 2022
Food

Food prices rose 0.1 percent for the two months ending in September. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home decreased 0.4 percent, led by lower prices for cereals and bakery products (-4.3 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 1.0 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices rose 7.4 percent. Prices for food at home increased 6.7 percent since a year ago, with higher prices in all six subcategories. Prices for food away from home increased 8.2 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 0.1 percent for the two months ending in September. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (6.8 percent). Prices for natural gas service declined 7.7 percent, and gasoline prices decreased 5.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 36.3 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for electricity (45.4 percent). Prices paid for gasoline increased 29.3 percent, and prices for natural gas service rose 15.4 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.0 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (2.6 percent) and household furnishings and operations (0.6 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for recreation (-3.7 percent), new and used motor vehicles (-1.9 percent), and education and communication (-0.9 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included used cars and trucks (8.1 percent), household furnishings and operations (5.3 percent), and shelter (3.6 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in recreation (-4.8 percent) and apparel (-1.6 percent).

Table A. Urban Hawaii CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

January

-0.2 1.9 0.5 1.7 0.3 1.4 0.9 6.0

March

0.5 1.8 0.6 1.8 0.9 1.8 2.4 7.5

May

0.7 2.1 0.2 1.3 2.1 3.8 1.6 7.0

July

-0.1 1.6 0.0 1.3 0.8 4.6 0.6 6.8

September

0.1 1.1 0.6 1.9 1.0 5.0 0.8 6.6

November

0.1 0.9 -0.2 1.6 0.1 5.4

The November 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Honolulu area is scheduled to be released on December 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Urban Hawaii area covered in this release consists of Honolulu in the State of Hawaii.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Urban Hawaii (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Historical
data
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jul.
2022
Aug.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

319.197 - 321.799 6.6 0.8 -

All items (1967=100)

878.741 - 885.905 - - -

Food and beverages

341.029 - 340.216 6.6 -0.2 -

Food

343.005 - 343.424 7.4 0.1 -

Food at home

340.949 342.886 339.491 6.7 -0.4 -1.0

Cereals and bakery products

388.722 - 372.177 9.8 -4.3 -

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

333.777 - 329.487 0.3 -1.3 -

Dairy and related products

284.156 - 291.259 19.0 2.5 -

Fruits and vegetables

390.481 - 402.349 6.7 3.0 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

441.207 - 424.765 0.9 -3.7 -

Other food at home

325.244 - 326.293 11.5 0.3 -

Food away from home

335.330 - 338.681 8.2 1.0 -

Alcoholic beverages

306.792 - 285.605 -6.9 -6.9 -

Housing

339.456 - 348.542 6.0 2.7 -

Shelter

363.431 366.926 372.986 3.6 2.6 1.7

Rent of primary residence(2)

363.306 364.707 367.314 5.1 1.1 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)

369.860 375.404 376.417 3.5 1.8 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)

369.860 375.404 376.417 3.5 1.8 0.3

Fuels and utilities

478.301 - 498.580 28.5 4.2 -

Household energy

416.358 427.642 441.180 43.6 6.0 3.2

Energy services

408.957 420.218 434.147 43.9 6.2 3.3

Electricity

404.339 416.176 431.972 45.4 6.8 3.8

Utility (piped) gas service

428.121 424.583 395.091 15.4 -7.7 -6.9

Household furnishings and operations

158.698 - 159.590 5.3 0.6 -

Apparel

111.570 - 111.439 -1.6 -0.1 -

Transportation

283.847 - 274.317 13.5 -3.4 -

Private transportation

293.834 - 286.238 14.3 -2.6 -

New and used motor vehicles(3)

129.781 - 127.311 - -1.9 -

New vehicles(1)

186.539 - 186.513 - 0.0 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

366.186 - 348.646 8.1 -4.8 -

Motor fuel

435.119 418.470 412.504 29.4 -5.2 -1.4

Gasoline (all types)

446.510 429.488 423.263 29.3 -5.2 -1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

464.773 446.392 439.823 29.8 -5.4 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

369.149 356.542 351.372 28.5 -4.8 -1.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

414.171 400.831 395.405 27.1 -4.5 -1.4

Medical care

476.406 - - - - -

Recreation(3)

142.290 - 137.042 -4.8 -3.7 -

Education and communication(3)

154.395 - 152.985 0.8 -0.9 -

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,923.533 - 1,949.176 4.1 1.3 -

Other goods and services

565.667 - 560.816 4.8 -0.9 -

Commodity and service group

All items

319.197 - 321.799 6.6 0.8 -

Commodities

248.240 - 245.504 8.8 -1.1 -

Commodities less food & beverages

191.034 - 187.583 10.8 -1.8 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

249.691 - 242.510 14.0 -2.9 -

Durables

131.401 - 130.657 7.5 -0.6 -

Services

382.144 - 388.822 5.5 1.7 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

310.728 - 312.626 6.2 0.6 -

All items less shelter

302.141 - 300.810 8.8 -0.4 -

Commodities less food

195.587 - 191.653 10.0 -2.0 -

Nondurables

297.105 - 293.287 9.3 -1.3 -

Nondurables less food

253.374 - 245.348 12.2 -3.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

406.283 - 407.889 8.7 0.4 -

Services less medical care services

372.901 - 378.399 5.0 1.5 -

Energy

424.227 421.251 424.809 36.3 0.1 0.8

All items less energy

314.409 - 317.162 4.6 0.9 -

All items less food and energy

311.172 - 314.316 4.1 1.0 -

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 13, 2022