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News Release Information

21-636-SAN
Tuesday, April 06, 2021

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Fatal Work Injuries in Washington – 2019

Fatal work injuries totaled 84 in 2019 for Washington, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Acting Regional Commissioner Dennis Reid noted that the number of work-related fatalities in Washington was down from the previous year. (See chart 1.) Fatal occupational injuries in the state have ranged from a high of 128 in 1996 to a low of 56 in 2013.

Nationwide, a total of 5,333 fatal work injuries were recorded in 2019, a 2-percent increase from the 5,250 in 2018, according to the results from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) program. The 5,333 fatal occupational injuries in 2019 represents the largest annual number since 2007.

Chart 1. Number of fatal occupational injuries by employee status, Washington, 2010-19

Fatal event or exposure

In Washington, transportation incidents resulted in 29 fatal work injuries and violence and other injuries by persons or animals accounted for 25 fatalities. These two major categories accounted for 64 percent of all workplace fatalities in the state. (See table 1.) Worker deaths from transportation incidents were unchanged over the year and worker fatalities due to violence or other injuries by persons or animals were up from 20.

Falls, slips, or trips was the third-most frequent fatal work event with 13 fatalities, down from 17 in the prior year. Contact with objects or equipment resulted in 9 work-related deaths compared to 13 in 2018.

Nationally, transportation incidents were the most frequent fatal workplace event in 2019, accounting for 40 percent of fatal work injuries. (See chart 2.) Falls, slips, and trips was the second-most common fatal event (17 percent), followed by violence and other injuries by persons or animals (16 percent).

Chart 2. Distribution of total fatal occupational injuries by event, United States and Washington, 2019

Industry

In private industry, the construction industry had the highest number of fatalities in Washington with 17. (See table 2.) The agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting industry had 12 workplace fatalities, and the retail trade industry had 8 fatalities.

Occupation

The transportation and material moving occupational group had the highest number of workplace fatalities with 20. (See table 3.) Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers accounted for 11 of the 20 fatalities among transportation and material moving workers. The construction and extraction occupational group had the second highest number of workplace fatalities with 15, followed by farming, fishing, and forestry occupations with 10. Construction trades workers suffered 11 of the work-related deaths within the construction and extraction occupational group. Agricultural workers accounted for 5 of the 10 farming, fishing, and forestry occupational fatalities.

Additional highlights:

  • Men accounted for 86 percent of the work-related fatalities in Washington, compared to the 92-percent national share. (See table 4.)
  • White non-Hispanics accounted for 71 percent of those who died from a workplace injury. Nationwide, this group accounted for 62 percent of work-related deaths.
  • Workers 25-54 years old accounted for 54 percent of the state’s work-related fatalities in 2019, compared to 55 percent of on-the-job fatalities nationally.
  • Of the 84 fatal work injuries in Washington, 76 percent worked for wages and salaries; the remainder were self-employed. The most frequent fatal event for wage and salary workers was transportation incidents; violence and other injuries by persons or animals was the most frequent fatal event for self-employed workers.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Data in this news release are for reference year 2019. No changes in collection procedures or outputs were necessary due to COVID-19. Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-on-workplace-injuries-and-illnesses-compensation-and-occupational-requirements.htm.

Changes in Industry and Occupation Classification Structure

Information in this release incorporates revisions to both the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the Standard Occupational Classification codes (SOC). Comparison of data for 2019 to prior years should be done with caution due to these changes, and thus analysis in this release is limited to 2019 for industries and occupations. More information on NAICS can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm. More information on SOC can be found at www.bls.gov/soc/2018/home.htm.


Technical Note

Background of the program. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Safety and Health Statistics (OSHS) program, is a count of all fatal work injuries occurring in the U.S. during the calendar year. The CFOI uses a variety of state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. This ensures counts are as complete and accurate as possible. For the 2019 national data, over 25,100 unique source documents were reviewed as part of the data collection process. For technical information and definitions for the CFOI, see the BLS Handbook of Methods on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/home.htm and the CFOI definitions at www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. 

Federal/State agency coverage. The CFOI includes data for all fatal work injuries, some of which may be outside the scope of other agencies or regulatory coverage. Comparisons between CFOI counts and those released by other agencies should account for the different coverage requirements and definitions used by each agency. For more information on the scope of CFOI, see www.bls.gov/iif/cfoiscope.htm and www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cfoi/concepts.htm.

Acknowledgments. BLS thanks the Washington Department of Labor and Industries for their efforts in collecting accurate, comprehensive, and useful data on fatal work injuries. BLS also appreciates the efforts of all federal, state, local, and private sector entities that provided source documents used to identify fatal work injuries. Among these agencies are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration; the National Transportation Safety Board; the U.S. Coast Guard; the Mine Safety and Health Administration; the Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs (Federal Employees' Compensation and Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation divisions); the Federal Railroad Administration; the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; state vital statistics registrars, coroners, and medical examiners; state departments of health, labor, and industrial relations and workers' compensation agencies; state and local police departments; and state farm bureaus.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, Washington, 2018–19
Event or exposure (1)20182019
NumberNumberPercent

Total

8684100

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

202530

Intentional injury by person

202327

Intentional injury by other person

91518

Shooting by other person--intentional

7810

Stabbing, cutting, slashing, piercing

--34

Hitting, kicking, beating, shoving

--34

Multiple violent acts by other person

--11

Self-inflicted injury--intentional

11810

Hanging, strangulation, asphyxiation--intentional self-harm

756

Transportation incidents

292935

Aircraft incidents

322

Aircraft crash during takeoff or landing

111

Other in-flight crash

--11

Other in-flight crash due to mechanical failure

--11

Pedestrian vehicular incident

467

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in roadway

--34

Pedestrian struck by forward-moving vehicle in roadway

--34

Pedestrian struck by vehicle in nonroadway area

------

Pedestrian struck by vehicle backing up in nonroadway area

--11

Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicle

161821

Roadway collision with other vehicle

81113

Roadway collision--moving in opposite directions, oncoming

--78

Roadway noncollision incident

356

Jack-knifed or overturned, roadway

356

Fires and explosions

------

Falls, slips, trips

171315

Falls to lower level

141113

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment

--34

Fall from collapsing structure or equipment more than 30 feet

--34

Other fall to lower level

1278

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

556

Exposure to other harmful substances

445

Nonmedical use of drugs or alcohol--unintentional overdose

345

Exposure to oxygen deficiency, n.e.c.

--11

Drowning, submersion, n.e.c.

--11

Contact with objects and equipment

13911

Struck by object or equipment

8911

Struck by powered vehicle--nontransport

--34

Struck or run over by rolling powered vehicle

--34

Struck by falling object or equipment--other than powered vehicle

445

Overexertion and bodily reaction

------

Footnotes:
(1) Based on the BLS Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OIICS) 2.01 implemented for 2011 data forward.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.

Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by industry, Washington, 2019
Industry (1)NumberPercent

Total

84100

Private industry (2)

7690

Goods producing

----

Natural resources and mining

1214

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

1214

Crop production

56

Forestry and logging

34

Logging

34

Logging

34

Construction

1720

Construction

1720

Heavy and civil engineering construction

11

Utility system construction

11

Power and communication line and related structures construction

11

Service providing (3)

----

Trade, transportation, and utilities

2327

Retail trade

810

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

34

Gasoline stations

22

Gasoline stations

22

Gasoline stations with convenience stores

22

Financial activities

34

Real estate and rental and leasing

34

Real estate

34

Professional and business services

----

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

34

Administrative and support services

34

Educational and health services

34

Educational services

11

Educational services

11

Technical and trade schools

11

Technical and trade schools

11

Flight training

11

Leisure and hospitality

----

Other services, except public administration

45

Other services, except public administration

45

Government (4)

810

Federal government

22

State government

----

Local government

67

Footnotes:
(1) CFOI has used several versions of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) since 2003 to define industry. For complete information on the version of NAICS used in this year, see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm.
(2) Cases where ownership is unknown are included in private industry counts.
(3) Cases where industry is unknown are included in the service sector counts.
(4) Includes fatal injuries to workers employed by governmental organizations regardless of industry. Cases classified as foreign government and other government are included in all government counts, but not displayed separately.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.

Table 3. Fatal occupational injuries by occupation, Washington, 2019
Occupation (1)NumberPercent

Total

84100

Management occupations

56

Other management occupations

45

Lodging managers

11

Lodging managers

11

Property, real estate, and community association managers

34

Property, real estate, and community association managers

34

Business and financial operations occupations

34

Business operations specialists

34

Computer and mathematical occupations

----

Architecture and engineering occupations

11

Engineers

11

Civil engineers

11

Civil engineers

11

Life, physical, and social science occupations

----

Community and social service occupations

----

Legal occupations

----

Educational instruction and library occupations

----

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

----

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

----

Healthcare support occupations

----

Protective service occupations

56

Supervisors of protective service workers

22

First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers

11

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

11

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

11

First-line supervisors of firefighting and prevention workers

11

Law enforcement workers

34

Police officers

34

Food preparation and serving related occupations

----

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

----

Personal care and service occupations

11

Personal appearance workers

11

Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists

11

Barbers

11

Sales and related occupations

67

Supervisors of sales workers

45

First-line supervisors of sales workers

45

Retail sales workers

----

Cashiers

11

Office and administrative support occupations

----

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1012

Agricultural workers

56

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

56

Forest, conservation, and logging workers

45

Construction and extraction occupations

1518

Construction trades workers

1113

Painters and paperhangers

11

Painters, construction and maintenance

11

Structural iron and steel workers

22

Structural iron and steel workers

22

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

67

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

34

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

34

Line installers and repairers

11

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

11

Production occupations

45

Transportation and material moving occupations

2024

Air transportation workers

22

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

22

Commercial pilots

22

Motor vehicle operators

1518

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

1417

Driver/sales workers

34

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

1113

Military specific occupations (2)

11

Footnotes:
(1) CFOI has used several versions of the Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) system since 2003 to define occupation. For complete information on the version of SOC used in this year, see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Cases where occupation is unknown are included in the total.
(2) Includes fatal injuries to persons identified as resident armed forces regardless of individual occupation listed.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.

Table 4. Fatal occupational injuries by selected demographic characteristics, Washington, 2018–19
Worker characteristics20182019
NumberNumberPercent

Total

8684100

Employee status

Wage and salary workers (1)

716476

Self-employed (2)

152024

Gender

Men

787286

Women

81214

Age (3)

16 to 17 years

--11

20 to 24 years

445

25 to 34 years

151821

35 to 44 years

121417

45 to 54 years

151315

55 to 64 years

251923

65 years and over

141518

Race or ethnic origin (4)

White, non-Hispanic

576071

Black or African-American, non-Hispanic

3----

Hispanic or Latino

161315

American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic

222

Asian, non-Hispanic

6911

Footnotes:
(1) May include volunteers and workers receiving other types of compensation. Cases where employment status is unknown are included in the counts of wage and salary workers.
(2) Includes self-employed workers, owners of unincorporated businesses and farms, paid and unpaid family workers, and may include some owners of incorporated businesses or members of partnerships.
(3) Information may not be available for all age groups.
(4) Persons identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. The race categories shown exclude data for Hispanics and Latinos. Cases where ethnicity is unknown are included in counts of non-Hispanic workers.

NOTE: Data for all years are final. Totals for major categories may include subcategories not shown separately. For complete information on how the data are coded and presented see our definitions page at https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshcfdef.htm. Dashes indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria. CFOI fatal injury counts exclude illness-related deaths unless precipitated by an injury event.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, April 06, 2021