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News Release Information

21-240-SAN
Wednesday, February 10, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (415) 625-2270

Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area – January 2021

Area prices were up 0.2 percent over the past month, up 0.9 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.2 percent in January, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the January increase was influenced by higher prices for gasoline and shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 0.9 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This marks the eleventh consecutive month of price increases of 2.0 percent or less. Food prices increased 3.5 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent over the year. Energy prices declined 2.4 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. (See table 1.)

   

Food

Food prices advanced 0.3 percent for the month of January. (See table 1.) Prices for food away from home rose 0.5 percent. Prices for food at home increased 0.2 percent for the same period, largely due to price advances for dairy and related products (2.5 percent) and fruits and vegetables (1.4 percent).

Over the year, food prices increased 3.5 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.4 percent. Prices for food at home increased 2.5 percent since a year ago, led by higher prices for fruits and vegetables (5.2 percent).

Energy

The energy index rose 3.2 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (5.1 percent). Prices for natural gas service moved up 2.5 percent, but prices for electricity inched down 0.1 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 2.4 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-8.0 percent). Prices paid for electricity advanced 7.4 percent, and prices for natural gas service rose 6.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy were unchanged in January. Higher prices for apparel (2.5 percent) and shelter (0.2 percent) helped counter lower prices for recreation (-3.6 percent), new vehicles (-1.9 percent), and education and communication (-1.5 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 0.6 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (2.3 percent) and shelter (1.2 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price decreases in recreation (-5.2 percent) and apparel (-4.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.9 2.1 0.8 3.5 0.7 3.2 0.8 3.1 0.2 0.9

February

0.6 2.7 0.7 3.6 0.1 2.5 0.3 3.4

March

0.3 2.7 0.4 3.8 0.6 2.7 -0.7 1.9

April

0.2 2.7 0.4 4.0 1.0 3.3 -0.3 0.7

May

0.3 2.5 0.4 4.1 0.2 3.1 0.4 0.9

June

-0.2 2.2 -0.2 4.0 0.0 3.3 0.5 1.4

July

0.3 2.5 0.2 3.9 0.1 3.3 0.6 1.9

August

0.3 2.8 0.2 3.9 0.0 3.0 0.1 2.0

September

0.4 3.1 0.5 3.9 0.5 3.0 -0.3 1.2

October

0.4 3.1 0.5 4.1 0.7 3.2 0.2 0.7

November

0.1 3.6 -0.3 3.6 -0.3 3.2 0.1 1.0

December

0.0 3.6 -0.3 3.2 -0.6 3.0 -0.2 1.5

The February 2021 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles area is scheduled to be released on March 10, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on January 2021 Consumer Price Index Data

Data collection by personal visit for the Consumer Price Index (CPI) program has been suspended since March 16, 2020. When possible, data normally collected by personal visit were collected either online or by phone. Additionally, data collection in January was affected by the temporary closing or limited operations of certain types of establishments. These factors resulted in an increase in the number of prices considered temporarily unavailable and imputed.

While the CPI program attempted to collect as much data as possible, many indexes are based on smaller amounts of collected prices than usual, and a small number of indexes that are normally published were not published this month. Additional information is available at https://www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-consumer-price-index.htm.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA metropolitan area includes Los Angeles and Orange Counties in California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020
Jan.
2021
Jan.
2020
Nov.
2020
Dec.
2020

Expenditure category

All items

280.102 279.560 280.178 0.9 0.0 0.2

All items (1967=100)

827.545 825.943 827.771 - - -

Food and beverages

281.077 281.658 282.411 4.1 0.5 0.3

Food

280.852 281.552 282.453 3.5 0.6 0.3

Food at home

264.325 265.017 265.426 2.5 0.4 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

276.914 277.127 274.140 0.2 -1.0 -1.1

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

294.640 294.757 290.529 2.6 -1.4 -1.4

Dairy and related products

254.654 257.360 263.911 3.1 3.6 2.5

Fruits and vegetables

360.548 359.525 364.430 5.2 1.1 1.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

263.921 267.137 270.014 1.5 2.3 1.1

Other food at home

199.194 199.659 199.499 1.6 0.2 -0.1

Food away from home

294.116 294.816 296.186 4.4 0.7 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

263.423 262.588 261.550 11.6 -0.7 -0.4

Housing

324.681 324.149 324.947 1.5 0.1 0.2

Shelter

374.409 374.059 374.862 1.2 0.1 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

399.286 399.271 399.228 1.1 0.0 0.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

391.008 391.045 391.601 1.5 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

390.986 391.023 391.579 1.5 0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

358.059 359.099 363.244 7.3 1.4 1.2

Household energy

311.089 312.367 314.114 7.1 1.0 0.6

Energy services(2)

309.675 310.964 312.707 7.1 1.0 0.6

Electricity(2)

361.082 361.082 360.746 7.4 -0.1 -0.1

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

245.671 249.775 256.013 6.3 4.2 2.5

Household furnishings and operations

120.354 118.717 118.378 -0.3 -1.6 -0.3

Apparel

109.352 104.579 107.232 -4.4 -1.9 2.5

Transportation

205.939 206.284 208.813 -2.7 1.4 1.2

Private transportation

202.898 205.099 208.134 -1.5 2.6 1.5

New and used motor vehicles(4)

91.440 92.134 91.787 1.2 0.4 -0.4

New vehicles(1)

170.244 171.936 168.749 -0.4 -0.9 -1.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

289.811 287.062 284.903 9.1 -1.7 -0.8

Motor fuel

238.730 240.660 252.791 -8.0 5.9 5.0

Gasoline (all types)

233.181 235.018 246.904 -8.0 5.9 5.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

232.135 234.021 246.180 -8.2 6.1 5.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

227.580 228.316 238.894 -7.9 5.0 4.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

228.358 230.072 240.606 -6.5 5.4 4.6

Motor vehicle insurance(1)

768.182 788.183 802.689 2.5 4.5 1.8

Medical care

507.010 506.219 509.547 2.3 0.5 0.7

Recreation(6)

107.758 105.869 102.102 -5.2 -5.2 -3.6

Education and communication(6)

151.268 151.838 149.515 0.3 -1.2 -1.5

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,963.776 1,963.558 1,910.404 -2.6 -2.7 -2.7

Other goods and services

452.822 454.213 462.877 2.9 2.2 1.9

Commodity and service group

All items

280.102 279.560 280.178 0.9 0.0 0.2

Commodities

184.780 184.677 186.017 0.8 0.7 0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

135.708 135.296 136.865 -2.1 0.9 1.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

180.616 178.861 184.195 -4.0 2.0 3.0

Durables

91.581 92.245 90.772 1.2 -0.9 -1.6

Services

365.011 364.052 363.933 0.9 -0.3 0.0

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

270.256 269.726 270.245 0.8 0.0 0.2

All items less shelter

238.544 237.923 238.459 0.7 0.0 0.2

Commodities less food

141.120 140.691 142.180 -1.3 0.8 1.1

Nondurables

232.028 231.437 234.499 0.7 1.1 1.3

Nondurables less food

188.518 186.814 191.729 -2.7 1.7 2.6

Services less rent of shelter(3)

361.281 359.424 357.969 0.6 -0.9 -0.4

Services less medical care services

351.674 350.789 350.343 0.7 -0.4 -0.1

Energy

266.204 267.915 276.433 -2.4 3.8 3.2

All items less energy

283.257 282.559 282.653 1.1 -0.2 0.0

All items less food and energy

283.873 282.907 282.846 0.6 -0.4 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, February 10, 2021