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News Release Information

21-1731-DAL
Monday, November 08, 2021

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Texas – First Quarter 2021

From December 2020 to March 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Texas were 597,160, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 512,772, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 84,388 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 277,253. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 5.7 percent of private-sector employment in Texas; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.8 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Texas, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 490,206 in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 137,874 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 106,954 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2021, a decrease of 31,541 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 5.0 percent of private-sector employment in Texas; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Texas, contracting establishments lost 435,269 jobs in the first quarter of 2021, an increase of 45,501 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 77,503 jobs, a decrease of 22,051 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 9 of the 11 industry sectors in Texas in the first quarter of 2021. Professional and business services had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 32,112 jobs. This was the result of 133,274 gross job gains and 101,162 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had a net gain of 13,923 jobs. Transportation and warehousing showed a net loss of 13,930 jobs. The education and health services sector had a net loss of 980 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 26, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2021 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Texas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

553,858 487,183 726,414 766,575 597,160 5.1 4.7 7.3 7.6 5.7

At expanding establishments

454,496 386,278 604,781 628,080 490,206 4.2 3.7 6.1 6.2 4.7

At opening establishments

99,362 100,905 121,633 138,495 106,954 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.0

Gross job losses

614,010 1,418,059 608,180 489,322 512,772 5.7 13.8 6.1 4.8 5.0

At contracting establishments

516,201 1,274,797 488,299 389,768 435,269 4.8 12.4 4.9 3.8 4.2

At closing establishments

97,809 143,262 119,881 99,554 77,503 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-60,152 -930,876 118,234 277,253 84,388 -0.6 -9.1 1.2 2.8 0.7

Construction

Gross job gains

57,490 43,737 50,972 59,083 56,196 7.4 5.8 7.1 8.2 7.8

At expanding establishments

48,906 35,302 42,516 49,589 47,805 6.3 4.7 5.9 6.9 6.6

At opening establishments

8,584 8,435 8,456 9,494 8,391 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2

Gross job losses

61,446 94,721 65,248 49,547 46,253 7.8 12.5 9.1 6.9 6.3

At contracting establishments

54,133 87,003 55,994 41,233 38,903 6.9 11.5 7.8 5.7 5.3

At closing establishments

7,313 7,718 9,254 8,314 7,350 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-3,956 -50,984 -14,276 9,536 9,943 -0.4 -6.7 -2.0 1.3 1.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

28,495 21,376 31,853 36,060 30,054 3.1 2.4 3.8 4.3 3.5

At expanding establishments

24,562 17,627 27,978 32,201 26,570 2.7 2.0 3.3 3.8 3.1

At opening establishments

3,933 3,749 3,875 3,859 3,484 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4

Gross job losses

31,739 73,878 38,602 26,828 26,668 3.5 8.4 4.5 3.1 3.1

At contracting establishments

28,044 69,780 34,474 23,484 23,531 3.1 7.9 4.0 2.7 2.7

At closing establishments

3,695 4,098 4,128 3,344 3,137 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-3,244 -52,502 -6,749 9,232 3,386 -0.4 -6.0 -0.7 1.2 0.4

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

23,968 20,377 25,823 29,914 24,703 3.9 3.4 4.4 5.1 4.3

At expanding establishments

19,881 16,016 20,924 25,217 20,833 3.2 2.7 3.6 4.3 3.6

At opening establishments

4,087 4,361 4,899 4,697 3,870 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

23,521 54,105 27,807 20,980 19,507 3.8 9.0 4.8 3.6 3.4

At contracting establishments

18,951 48,677 22,293 16,155 15,446 3.1 8.1 3.8 2.8 2.7

At closing establishments

4,570 5,428 5,514 4,825 4,061 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

447 -33,728 -1,984 8,934 5,196 0.1 -5.6 -0.4 1.5 0.9

Retail trade

Gross job gains

69,235 85,593 108,793 76,756 63,967 5.3 6.6 8.5 5.9 4.9

At expanding establishments

61,898 76,773 98,147 68,218 56,389 4.7 5.9 7.7 5.2 4.3

At opening establishments

7,337 8,820 10,646 8,538 7,578 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

69,641 167,723 69,891 67,450 60,153 5.3 12.9 5.4 5.1 4.6

At contracting establishments

61,998 157,008 59,549 57,709 54,042 4.7 12.1 4.6 4.4 4.1

At closing establishments

7,643 10,715 10,342 9,741 6,111 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-406 -82,130 38,902 9,306 3,814 0.0 -6.3 3.1 0.8 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

24,166 38,736 39,982 60,404 24,242 4.5 7.4 7.7 11.2 4.4

At expanding establishments

20,855 34,425 33,546 40,534 21,068 3.9 6.6 6.5 7.5 3.8

At opening establishments

3,311 4,311 6,436 19,870 3,174 0.6 0.8 1.2 3.7 0.6

Gross job losses

36,505 53,505 32,287 25,208 38,172 6.8 10.3 6.2 4.7 6.9

At contracting establishments

33,089 47,309 27,440 21,392 35,802 6.2 9.1 5.3 4.0 6.5

At closing establishments

3,416 6,196 4,847 3,816 2,370 0.6 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-12,339 -14,769 7,695 35,196 -13,930 -2.3 -2.9 1.5 6.5 -2.5

Information

Gross job gains

9,620 6,482 14,146 9,548 10,703 4.6 3.3 7.2 4.9 5.4

At expanding establishments

7,998 4,756 10,966 7,449 8,521 3.8 2.4 5.6 3.8 4.3

At opening establishments

1,622 1,726 3,180 2,099 2,182 0.8 0.9 1.6 1.1 1.1

Gross job losses

11,610 25,903 9,392 9,659 7,898 5.5 12.8 4.8 4.9 4.0

At contracting establishments

9,062 21,616 7,168 7,299 6,259 4.3 10.7 3.7 3.7 3.2

At closing establishments

2,548 4,287 2,224 2,360 1,639 1.2 2.1 1.1 1.2 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,990 -19,421 4,754 -111 2,805 -0.9 -9.5 2.4 0.0 1.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

33,847 30,887 39,365 40,591 37,160 4.2 4.0 5.1 5.2 4.7

At expanding establishments

27,212 23,035 30,722 31,663 29,112 3.4 3.0 4.0 4.1 3.7

At opening establishments

6,635 7,852 8,643 8,928 8,048 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

31,762 54,728 33,940 29,060 28,379 4.0 7.0 4.4 3.8 3.6

At contracting establishments

25,093 46,212 24,770 21,511 22,012 3.2 5.9 3.2 2.8 2.8

At closing establishments

6,669 8,516 9,170 7,549 6,367 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

2,085 -23,841 5,425 11,531 8,781 0.2 -3.0 0.7 1.4 1.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

112,697 95,997 152,218 167,240 133,274 6.2 5.5 8.9 9.5 7.3

At expanding establishments

91,933 73,708 126,456 140,932 110,193 5.1 4.2 7.4 8.0 6.0

At opening establishments

20,764 22,289 25,762 26,308 23,081 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.3

Gross job losses

109,228 227,517 116,910 99,873 101,162 6.0 12.9 6.8 5.7 5.6

At contracting establishments

89,075 202,569 90,011 75,308 83,274 4.9 11.5 5.2 4.3 4.6

At closing establishments

20,153 24,948 26,899 24,565 17,888 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.0

Net employment change (2)

3,469 -131,520 35,308 67,367 32,112 0.2 -7.4 2.1 3.8 1.7

Education and health services

Gross job gains

73,713 54,688 78,639 98,834 70,737 4.3 3.3 4.8 6.0 4.3

At expanding establishments

58,790 40,425 64,938 83,601 59,631 3.4 2.4 4.0 5.1 3.6

At opening establishments

14,923 14,263 13,701 15,233 11,106 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

69,157 141,325 79,004 62,672 71,717 4.0 8.4 4.8 3.8 4.3

At contracting establishments

56,457 125,507 62,389 48,167 60,350 3.3 7.5 3.8 2.9 3.6

At closing establishments

12,700 15,818 16,615 14,505 11,367 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

4,556 -86,637 -365 36,162 -980 0.3 -5.1 0.0 2.2 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

80,214 59,996 134,436 137,570 91,425 5.7 4.8 11.8 11.6 7.5

At expanding establishments

60,765 44,618 110,185 109,771 70,902 4.3 3.6 9.7 9.3 5.8

At opening establishments

19,449 15,378 24,251 27,799 20,523 1.4 1.2 2.1 2.3 1.7

Gross job losses

122,681 390,056 88,468 61,335 77,502 8.8 31.3 7.9 5.2 6.3

At contracting establishments

103,186 349,093 67,362 49,619 67,431 7.4 28.0 6.0 4.2 5.5

At closing establishments

19,495 40,963 21,106 11,716 10,071 1.4 3.3 1.9 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-42,467 -330,060 45,968 76,235 13,923 -3.1 -26.5 3.9 6.4 1.2

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

20,866 16,535 28,640 26,650 24,579 6.5 5.6 10.1 9.2 8.3

At expanding establishments

16,120 10,374 22,332 20,366 19,635 5.0 3.5 7.9 7.0 6.6

At opening establishments

4,746 6,161 6,308 6,284 4,944 1.5 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.7

Gross job losses

25,621 62,529 20,551 17,608 18,551 8.0 21.0 7.3 6.1 6.2

At contracting establishments

19,957 54,579 14,930 12,936 14,570 6.2 18.3 5.3 4.5 4.9

At closing establishments

5,664 7,950 5,621 4,672 3,981 1.8 2.7 2.0 1.6 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-4,755 -45,994 8,089 9,042 6,028 -1.5 -15.4 2.8 3.1 2.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private-sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021

United States(1)

5.6 4.8 9.5 7.4 6.8 6.2 17.0 6.0 5.7 5.4

Alabama

5.5 4.7 7.8 7.6 5.9 5.9 12.6 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

9.3 6.6 12.2 13.4 11.0 9.9 24.3 9.8 7.7 9.4

Arizona

5.7 5.8 7.8 7.3 6.3 6.0 11.8 6.1 5.0 5.5

Arkansas

5.1 4.8 7.6 7.2 5.9 5.6 12.1 5.7 5.2 5.1

California

6.1 5.3 8.9 8.5 7.7 6.9 18.6 7.1 6.1 5.9

Colorado

6.3 5.7 10.1 7.5 8.6 7.0 15.1 6.4 7.2 5.6

Connecticut

5.9 4.3 11.4 6.6 6.3 6.0 19.5 5.1 5.9 5.3

Delaware

6.1 4.9 10.3 6.8 6.8 6.7 17.0 6.4 6.0 6.0

District of Columbia

5.3 3.3 8.2 5.3 5.5 5.4 22.3 5.7 5.5 5.3

Florida

5.5 6.0 9.5 8.0 6.9 6.2 14.1 6.7 6.0 5.8

Georgia

5.7 5.3 9.3 7.9 6.7 6.3 14.9 6.5 5.2 5.7

Hawaii

5.4 3.6 7.5 14.7 8.5 5.9 30.3 12.2 4.6 5.9

Idaho

7.6 6.3 8.4 8.7 8.1 6.1 11.2 6.4 6.1 5.7

Illinois

5.0 4.5 9.7 6.5 7.2 6.0 18.2 5.6 6.1 4.9

Indiana

4.9 4.6 8.3 6.8 6.0 6.0 13.5 5.2 5.0 5.1

Iowa

5.4 4.4 7.5 6.8 6.1 6.0 13.0 5.5 5.1 5.4

Kansas

5.4 5.0 7.9 7.0 6.2 6.0 13.3 5.9 5.9 5.5

Kentucky

5.5 4.6 9.0 7.3 7.3 6.1 15.2 5.1 6.1 5.1

Louisiana

5.4 4.4 9.1 8.7 6.4 6.5 16.8 7.0 5.6 5.9

Maine

6.7 5.2 12.3 8.5 9.0 7.3 21.9 6.0 6.3 6.3

Maryland

5.7 4.8 11.2 7.3 6.3 6.8 21.5 5.5 5.8 5.5

Massachusetts

5.2 3.7 12.4 7.0 6.6 6.1 24.2 5.4 5.5 5.0

Michigan

5.1 4.0 10.9 6.7 8.5 5.7 20.5 4.8 6.9 4.9

Minnesota

5.0 4.2 9.0 6.9 9.2 5.7 17.6 5.4 6.8 4.9

Mississippi

5.5 5.0 8.7 8.0 5.6 6.4 12.9 5.5 4.9 6.6

Missouri

5.2 4.6 8.5 7.1 6.3 5.9 14.4 5.7 5.2 5.3

Montana

7.5 6.8 9.9 9.4 8.8 7.8 13.9 7.2 6.8 6.9

Nebraska

5.8 4.8 8.2 6.8 6.5 6.1 12.2 5.8 5.5 6.2

Nevada

5.3 5.3 12.9 8.8 7.3 6.4 29.5 6.4 5.7 5.5

New Hampshire

6.1 4.5 11.8 7.4 7.4 6.5 18.8 5.3 6.4 5.4

New Jersey

5.7 4.8 15.7 8.1 7.0 6.5 28.3 5.6 5.9 5.6

New Mexico

6.2 4.5 8.5 7.3 8.5 6.7 17.7 6.1 7.5 5.7

New York

5.5 3.9 13.3 7.4 6.9 6.5 26.9 5.9 6.3 5.4

North Carolina

5.9 4.9 8.7 7.9 6.6 5.8 14.6 5.6 5.0 5.4

North Dakota

6.9 5.3 8.9 7.2 7.8 7.2 17.1 6.9 7.1 6.5

Ohio

5.1 4.5 7.8 6.6 6.1 5.7 14.4 5.3 5.2 5.0

Oklahoma

5.4 5.5 7.1 7.9 6.1 6.6 12.3 6.6 5.8 6.1

Oregon

6.9 5.0 9.0 7.4 8.5 6.5 18.2 6.3 6.5 5.6

Pennsylvania

5.0 3.6 10.3 6.2 6.4 5.7 18.3 4.9 5.3 4.6

Rhode Island

6.0 4.5 13.0 7.6 9.8 6.5 25.1 5.3 7.1 5.5

South Carolina

5.7 5.0 8.8 8.0 6.2 6.6 14.6 5.9 5.2 6.1

South Dakota

6.0 5.1 8.6 7.2 7.3 6.7 11.5 5.5 6.2 6.0

Tennessee

5.2 4.4 8.1 7.5 5.6 5.5 13.9 5.5 4.6 5.0

Texas

5.1 4.7 7.3 7.6 5.7 5.7 13.8 6.1 4.8 5.0

Utah

6.6 6.6 9.1 8.1 7.1 6.5 10.9 6.3 5.6 6.1

Vermont

5.9 4.6 12.9 7.6 8.2 7.7 18.4 5.8 8.0 6.1

Virginia

5.6 4.6 10.4 7.0 6.0 6.1 18.3 5.4 5.3 5.4

Washington

7.7 4.8 8.9 7.2 7.9 7.8 17.4 6.3 6.1 5.4

West Virginia

6.6 5.1 8.9 7.4 7.2 7.0 14.1 6.9 6.2 5.8

Wisconsin

5.1 4.3 7.6 6.3 5.8 5.4 14.4 5.1 5.1 4.7

Wyoming

8.6 6.4 10.8 10.0 9.1 9.6 17.9 7.7 7.7 8.3

Puerto Rico

5.0 4.1 11.1 6.6 6.6 5.6 16.9 5.1 4.9 5.0

Virgin Islands

8.5 5.3 7.8 9.9 7.4 9.0 18.8 12.5 5.8 10.8

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, November 08, 2021