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News Release Information

21-786-DAL
Tuesday, May 11, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2020

From June 2020 to September 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 126,510, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 101,773, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 24,737 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2020. This was the third-highest level of net job gains since the series began in 1992. During the previous quarter, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 186,733. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 8.8 percent of private-sector employment in Louisiana; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 9.4 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Louisiana, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 101,695 in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 49,425 jobs compared to the previous quarter. Opening establishments accounted for 24,815 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2020, an increase of 10,246 jobs from the previous quarter. (See table 1.)


Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 7.2 percent of private-sector employment in Louisiana; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.0 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Louisiana, contracting establishments lost 82,166 jobs in the third quarter of 2020, a decrease of 132,806 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 19,607 jobs, a decrease of 18,993 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 8 of the 11 industry sectors in Louisiana in the third quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 10,144 jobs. This was the result of 29,844 gross job gains and 19,700 gross job losses. The retail trade sector had a net gain of 6,384 jobs. Manufacturing showed a net loss of 1,835 jobs, the largest net loss of any sector in the state. Louisiana’s financial activities industry sector had a net loss of 757 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 28, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Third Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 Table 1. Private-sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

95,554 94,925 84,883 66,839 126,510 5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8

At expanding establishments

80,422 78,264 69,114 52,270 101,695 5.0 4.9 4.3 3.5 7.1

At opening establishments

15,132 16,661 15,769 14,569 24,815 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.7

Gross job losses

98,111 92,085 100,952 253,572 101,773 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2

At contracting establishments

82,143 76,928 84,278 214,972 82,166 5.1 4.8 5.3 14.3 5.8

At closing establishments

15,968 15,157 16,674 38,600 19,607 1.0 0.9 1.0 2.6 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-2,557 2,840 -16,069 -186,733 24,737 -0.2 0.2 -1.0 -12.4 1.6

Construction

Gross job gains

10,485 11,271 10,613 7,345 13,899 7.6 8.2 7.8 5.9 12.1

At expanding establishments

9,262 9,991 9,265 5,754 11,413 6.7 7.3 6.8 4.6 9.9

At opening establishments

1,223 1,280 1,348 1,591 2,486 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.3 2.2

Gross job losses

13,193 11,501 13,971 28,041 12,293 9.5 8.4 10.2 22.5 10.7

At contracting establishments

11,770 10,294 12,826 26,192 11,048 8.5 7.5 9.4 21.0 9.6

At closing establishments

1,423 1,207 1,145 1,849 1,245 1.0 0.9 0.8 1.5 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-2,708 -230 -3,358 -20,696 1,606 -1.9 -0.2 -2.4 -16.6 1.4

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,184 4,844 4,304 3,168 4,784 3.0 3.5 3.1 2.4 3.7

At expanding establishments

3,984 4,445 3,914 2,493 4,382 2.9 3.2 2.8 1.9 3.4

At opening establishments

200 399 390 675 402 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3

Gross job losses

5,277 4,156 4,595 12,889 6,619 3.8 3.0 3.3 9.6 5.2

At contracting establishments

4,706 3,863 4,020 11,661 6,162 3.4 2.8 2.9 8.7 4.8

At closing establishments

571 293 575 1,228 457 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,093 688 -291 -9,721 -1,835 -0.8 0.5 -0.2 -7.2 -1.5

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,810 3,214 2,841 1,998 2,924 4.1 4.7 4.2 3.0 4.6

At expanding establishments

2,360 2,587 2,388 1,642 2,483 3.4 3.8 3.5 2.5 3.9

At opening establishments

450 627 453 356 441 0.7 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.7

Gross job losses

2,870 2,855 3,017 7,183 3,462 4.2 4.1 4.4 10.9 5.4

At contracting establishments

2,439 2,351 2,453 5,938 2,686 3.6 3.4 3.6 9.0 4.2

At closing establishments

431 504 564 1,245 776 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.9 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-60 359 -176 -5,185 -538 -0.1 0.6 -0.2 -7.9 -0.8

Retail trade

Gross job gains

12,465 12,870 11,941 14,082 19,058 5.5 5.8 5.4 6.5 9.0

At expanding establishments

10,823 11,426 10,566 13,237 16,813 4.8 5.1 4.8 6.1 7.9

At opening establishments

1,642 1,444 1,375 845 2,245 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.1

Gross job losses

13,854 12,576 12,631 27,646 12,674 6.2 5.7 5.7 12.8 5.9

At contracting establishments

11,811 10,902 11,125 24,401 10,887 5.3 4.9 5.0 11.3 5.1

At closing establishments

2,043 1,674 1,506 3,245 1,787 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,389 294 -690 -13,564 6,384 -0.7 0.1 -0.3 -6.3 3.1

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,641 4,471 3,689 2,974 4,580 6.3 5.9 4.9 4.1 6.8

At expanding establishments

4,148 4,087 3,260 2,523 4,105 5.6 5.4 4.3 3.5 6.1

At opening establishments

493 384 429 451 475 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7

Gross job losses

3,630 3,857 4,885 11,417 4,462 4.8 5.1 6.4 16.1 6.6

At contracting establishments

3,147 3,223 4,246 10,162 3,747 4.2 4.3 5.6 14.3 5.5

At closing establishments

483 634 639 1,255 715 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.8 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,011 614 -1,196 -8,443 118 1.5 0.8 -1.5 -12.0 0.2

Information

Gross job gains

2,487 1,488 1,406 487 2,600 11.5 6.9 6.5 2.6 15.6

At expanding establishments

1,996 1,230 1,226 372 2,055 9.2 5.7 5.7 2.0 12.3

At opening establishments

491 258 180 115 545 2.3 1.2 0.8 0.6 3.3

Gross job losses

2,283 1,510 1,728 5,944 951 10.6 7.0 8.1 31.9 5.7

At contracting establishments

2,033 1,318 1,407 4,567 583 9.4 6.1 6.6 24.5 3.5

At closing establishments

250 192 321 1,377 368 1.2 0.9 1.5 7.4 2.2

Net employment change (2)

204 -22 -322 -5,457 1,649 0.9 -0.1 -1.6 -29.3 9.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

4,376 4,443 3,776 3,022 5,304 5.2 5.2 4.5 3.7 6.7

At expanding establishments

3,556 3,480 2,862 2,132 4,239 4.2 4.1 3.4 2.6 5.4

At opening establishments

820 963 914 890 1,065 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3

Gross job losses

4,093 4,518 4,370 8,310 6,061 4.8 5.4 5.2 10.2 7.7

At contracting establishments

3,241 3,535 3,357 6,993 4,911 3.8 4.2 4.0 8.6 6.2

At closing establishments

852 983 1,013 1,317 1,150 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.5

Net employment change (2)

283 -75 -594 -5,288 -757 0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -6.5 -1.0

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

14,911 15,175 15,557 11,412 21,030 6.9 7.0 7.3 5.6 10.6

At expanding establishments

11,589 11,902 12,879 7,869 16,637 5.4 5.5 6.0 3.9 8.4

At opening establishments

3,322 3,273 2,678 3,543 4,393 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.7 2.2

Gross job losses

15,508 15,412 15,465 30,711 15,709 7.2 7.1 7.2 15.1 8.0

At contracting establishments

12,480 12,510 11,973 25,867 11,360 5.8 5.8 5.6 12.7 5.8

At closing establishments

3,028 2,902 3,492 4,844 4,349 1.4 1.3 1.6 2.4 2.2

Net employment change (2)

-597 -237 92 -19,299 5,321 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -9.5 2.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

14,038 13,729 11,560 9,107 15,314 4.6 4.4 3.8 3.0 5.2

At expanding establishments

12,062 11,198 8,922 6,668 12,601 4.0 3.6 2.9 2.2 4.3

At opening establishments

1,976 2,531 2,638 2,439 2,713 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

11,966 11,363 12,709 28,450 13,310 3.9 3.7 4.1 9.5 4.6

At contracting establishments

9,815 9,272 10,243 25,393 10,668 3.2 3.0 3.3 8.5 3.7

At closing establishments

2,151 2,091 2,466 3,057 2,642 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

2,072 2,366 -1,149 -19,343 2,004 0.7 0.7 -0.3 -6.5 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

18,721 17,328 13,792 9,489 29,844 7.9 7.3 5.9 4.7 17.3

At expanding establishments

15,197 13,172 9,423 6,668 21,536 6.4 5.5 4.0 3.3 12.5

At opening establishments

3,524 4,156 4,369 2,821 8,308 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.4 4.8

Gross job losses

18,365 17,636 21,211 76,097 19,700 7.7 7.5 9.1 38.2 11.4

At contracting establishments

15,061 14,191 17,474 59,311 14,885 6.3 6.0 7.5 29.8 8.6

At closing establishments

3,304 3,445 3,737 16,786 4,815 1.4 1.5 1.6 8.4 2.8

Net employment change (2)

356 -308 -7,419 -66,608 10,144 0.2 -0.2 -3.2 -33.5 5.9

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,340 3,058 2,784 1,927 4,513 7.5 6.8 6.3 4.7 11.6

At expanding establishments

2,801 2,199 2,163 1,320 3,222 6.3 4.9 4.9 3.2 8.3

At opening establishments

539 859 621 607 1,291 1.2 1.9 1.4 1.5 3.3

Gross job losses

3,156 3,440 3,195 8,485 2,907 7.1 7.7 7.3 20.8 7.5

At contracting establishments

2,489 2,688 2,330 6,658 2,174 5.6 6.0 5.3 16.3 5.6

At closing establishments

667 752 865 1,827 733 1.5 1.7 2.0 4.5 1.9

Net employment change (2)

184 -382 -411 -6,558 1,606 0.4 -0.9 -1.0 -16.1 4.1

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 Table 2. Private-sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
June
2020
Sept.
2020

United States(1)

5.9 6.2 5.5 4.8 9.4 5.8 5.5 6.1 17.0 6.0

Alabama

5.8 6.2 5.5 4.8 7.8 5.9 5.5 5.9 12.6 5.9

Alaska

9.6 10.3 9.2 6.9 12.2 10.1 10.2 9.5 24.5 9.9

Arizona

6.3 6.4 5.6 5.7 7.9 4.9 5.2 5.9 11.7 6.2

Arkansas

5.6 6.5 5.1 4.8 7.5 5.8 4.9 5.5 12.0 5.6

California

6.3 6.8 6.1 5.2 8.7 6.0 6.0 6.7 18.6 7.3

Colorado

6.6 6.7 6.3 5.8 10.0 6.4 6.2 7.0 14.9 6.3

Connecticut

5.5 5.5 5.2 4.3 11.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 19.7 5.1

Delaware

6.2 6.7 6.2 4.9 10.3 6.3 6.2 6.6 17.7 6.3

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.2 3.3 8.3 5.3 4.7 5.3 22.4 5.8

Florida

6.6 6.6 5.4 6.1 9.5 5.8 5.9 6.2 13.9 6.8

Georgia

6.2 6.5 5.6 5.4 9.2 6.0 5.5 5.9 15.0 6.4

Hawaii

5.6 5.7 5.2 3.6 7.4 5.2 5.2 5.8 29.8 12.7

Idaho

7.0 7.7 7.6 6.4 8.4 6.8 6.3 6.1 11.2 6.5

Illinois

5.0 5.6 5.0 4.6 9.7 5.6 5.2 6.0 18.4 5.6

Indiana

5.4 6.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 5.6 5.1 6.0 13.7 5.4

Iowa

5.3 5.8 5.2 4.4 7.4 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.0 5.6

Kansas

5.6 6.3 5.4 5.0 7.9 5.7 5.7 6.0 13.3 6.0

Kentucky

5.9 6.2 5.3 4.6 8.8 5.7 5.6 6.1 15.3 5.0

Louisiana

5.9 5.9 5.3 4.5 8.8 6.1 5.7 6.3 16.9 7.2

Maine

6.5 7.3 6.4 5.4 12.0 7.3 6.9 7.0 21.7 6.0

Maryland

6.2 6.4 5.7 4.7 11.0 6.3 5.9 6.7 21.9 5.9

Massachusetts

5.3 5.8 5.2 3.7 12.5 5.9 5.6 6.0 24.2 5.6

Michigan

5.1 5.8 5.0 4.0 10.9 5.9 5.3 5.7 20.7 4.8

Minnesota

5.4 5.8 5.0 4.3 9.0 5.8 5.6 5.6 17.6 5.4

Mississippi

5.7 6.2 5.6 5.1 8.7 5.7 5.6 6.2 12.9 5.5

Missouri

5.8 6.2 5.2 4.7 8.5 5.8 5.3 5.7 14.3 5.7

Montana

7.4 8.6 7.7 6.8 9.9 7.7 7.2 7.7 13.8 7.2

Nebraska

5.7 6.2 5.8 4.9 8.1 5.5 5.8 6.1 12.1 5.9

Nevada

6.1 6.8 5.4 5.3 12.8 5.5 5.0 6.3 29.2 6.4

New Hampshire

5.8 6.6 6.0 4.5 11.9 6.6 6.0 6.4 18.8 5.1

New Jersey

6.0 6.5 5.7 4.6 15.7 6.2 5.8 6.3 28.1 5.8

New Mexico

6.8 7.0 6.1 4.5 8.3 6.1 6.3 6.5 17.6 6.0

New York

5.8 6.0 5.5 3.9 13.3 5.9 5.7 6.4 26.9 5.9

North Carolina

5.8 6.3 5.8 4.8 8.5 6.0 5.4 5.7 14.5 5.6

North Dakota

6.5 6.7 6.8 5.2 8.8 7.1 6.6 7.0 17.2 6.9

Ohio

5.3 5.7 5.1 4.5 7.7 5.9 5.3 5.6 14.4 5.3

Oklahoma

6.4 6.5 5.4 5.6 6.8 6.2 6.2 6.7 12.3 6.4

Oregon

6.2 6.7 6.2 5.0 9.0 6.2 5.8 6.5 18.4 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 4.9 3.6 10.3 5.1 4.9 5.6 18.2 5.0

Rhode Island

6.0 6.5 6.1 4.5 12.9 6.2 5.9 6.5 25.2 5.3

South Carolina

6.0 6.5 5.5 5.1 8.8 5.9 5.9 6.6 14.9 6.1

South Dakota

5.9 6.4 6.0 5.1 8.6 6.0 5.8 6.6 11.6 5.5

Tennessee

5.5 5.7 4.9 4.4 8.1 5.1 5.0 5.3 13.7 5.4

Texas

5.9 6.0 5.0 4.7 7.2 5.3 5.1 5.5 13.6 6.0

Utah

6.8 6.8 6.6 6.5 9.1 6.3 6.3 6.4 10.9 6.2

Vermont

6.3 6.9 5.8 4.6 12.3 7.6 6.4 7.6 18.5 5.7

Virginia

5.5 6.5 5.6 4.7 10.2 6.3 5.5 6.1 18.2 5.3

Washington

6.1 6.6 7.4 4.9 8.9 6.1 5.8 7.4 16.9 6.2

West Virginia

5.9 6.2 6.0 5.1 8.8 6.7 7.1 6.8 13.8 7.0

Wisconsin

4.8 5.4 5.0 4.4 7.6 5.9 5.0 5.3 14.4 5.2

Wyoming

8.6 9.4 8.6 6.4 10.7 8.9 8.7 9.3 18.1 7.7

Puerto Rico

5.9 5.4 5.0 4.0 11.0 5.5 4.9 5.2 16.9 5.1

Virgin Islands

12.0 10.3 7.2 5.3 8.4 6.4 7.3 8.3 19.8 12.3

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 11, 2021