News Release Information

18-351-DAL
Thursday, March 15, 2018

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Houston Area Employment — January 2018

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,029,500 in January 2018, up 64,400 or 2.2 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.4 percent. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that January marked the third consecutive month that the Houston job growth rate has exceeded the U.S. average. Prior to this period, annual local job growth rates had been below the national average for more than two years. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

In the Houston metropolitan area, professional and business services added the largest number of jobs from January 2017 to January 2018, up 21,400 during the period. Job gains in the sector came primarily from the employment services industry which had a 16.7-percent rate of job growth over the year. Houston’s professional and business services employment rose 4.6 percent since January 2017, more than double the national increase of 2.2 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

Trade, transportation, and utilities, Houston’s largest employer, added 9,300 jobs from January 2017 to January 2018. Employment rose in all three sub-sectors: wholesale trade (+4,800); retail trade (+3,100); and transportation, warehousing, and utilities (+1,400). Over the year, local employment in the trade, transportation, and utilities sector increased 1.5 percent compared to a 0.6-percent increase nationwide.

Construction employment rose by 9,200 from January a year ago. This was the third consecutive month of annual job gains for the sector following more than a year of annual declines. Job gains occurred in the three reporting industries: construction of buildings (+6,900), specialty trade contractors (+1,200), and heavy and civil engineering construction (+1,100). Area employment in the construction supersector rose at a 4.4-percent pace compared to the 3.6-percent gain for the nation.

Houston’s leisure and hospitality supersector added 6,400 jobs over the year. The 2.1-percent local rate of job growth compared to the 2.2-percent increase for the nation. Local job gains were concentrated in the sector’s largest industry, food services and drinking places, which added 6,600 jobs during the period.

Government employment rose by 5,000 in the Houston area from January 2017 to January 2018. Employment in Houston’s government supersector increased 1.2 percent over the year; nationally, employment in the supersector was essentially unchanged. In Houston, local government educational services accounted for the bulk of the increase, rising 2.8 percent.

Manufacturing employment in Houston rose by 4,600 from January a year ago, marking the third consecutive month of annual job growth. The durable goods manufacturing industry produced all of the job growth, as employment in non-durable goods manufacturing edged down over the year. Non-durable goods manufacturing has experienced annual employment declines each month since April 2017. Area employment in the manufacturing sector rose 2.1 percent from January a year ago, compared to 1.7 percent nationally.

Four other local sectors each had annual job gains of at least 1,100: financial activities (+3,100), mining and logging (+2,700), other services (+2,200), and education and health services (+1,100).

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2018. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 6 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.4 percent. Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale had the fastest rate of job growth, up 2.7 percent, followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 2.4 percent. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin had the slowest rate of job growth, 0.5 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim added the largest number of jobs over the year, 114,600, followed by New York-Newark-Jersey City, up 104,000. Boston-Cambridge-Nashua had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 22,400 jobs. Chicago and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington each added 23,200 jobs. Annual gains in the remaining seven metropolitan areas ranged from 85,800 in Dallas to 29,700 in Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in five areas: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Philadelphia, and Phoenix. Professional and business services gained the most jobs in four areas: Boston, Houston, Miami, and San Francisco.

Metropolitan area employment data for February 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability–that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2017.pdf

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2017
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan. 2017 to
Jan. 2018(p)
Net change Percent change

United States

Total nonfarm

143,393 148,783 148,530 145,472 2,079 1.4

Mining and logging

637 703 700 693 56 8.8

Construction

6,459 7,117 6,970 6,692 233 3.6

Manufacturing

12,277 12,522 12,560 12,484 207 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,305 28,171 28,337 27,464 159 0.6

Information

2,778 2,799 2,784 2,724 -54 -1.9

Financial activities

8,345 8,499 8,516 8,461 116 1.4

Professional and business services

19,875 20,864 20,770 20,319 444 2.2

Education and health services

22,766 23,609 23,556 23,250 484 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

15,124 15,877 15,862 15,452 328 2.2

Other services

5,656 5,809 5,800 5,751 95 1.7

Government

22,171 22,813 22,675 22,182 11 0.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

2,965.1 3,063.4 3,073.4 3,029.5 64.4 2.2

Mining and logging

76.1 77.5 77.9 78.8 2.7 3.5

Construction

210.1 221.6 221.4 219.3 9.2 4.4

Manufacturing

217.1 220.1 221.1 221.7 4.6 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

613.1 633.7 640.2 622.4 9.3 1.5

Information

32.3 31.4 31.9 31.7 -0.6 -1.9

Financial activities

157.0 160.3 160.4 160.1 3.1 2.0

Professional and business services

467.2 491.9 492.8 488.6 21.4 4.6

Education and health services

379.3 384.1 383.9 380.4 1.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

306.4 319.5 318.5 312.8 6.4 2.1

Other services

106.0 108.0 109.2 108.2 2.2 2.1

Government

400.5 415.3 416.1 405.5 5.0 1.2

(p) preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan.
2017
Nov.
2018
Dec.
2018
Jan.
2018(p)
Jan. 2017 to
Jan. 2018(p)
Net change Percent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,665.5 2,770.3 2,767.0 2,709.8 44.3 1.7

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

116.7 126.0 125.6 121.1 4.4 3.8

Manufacturing

166.2 168.6 169.4 167.3 1.1 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

595.0 619.2 622.9 606.6 11.6 1.9

Information

96.9 100.2 99.5 91.5 -5.4 -5.6

Financial activities

167.1 170.7 170.4 166.8 -0.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

487.7 504.4 501.2 492.4 4.7 1.0

Education and health services

334.2 348.4 349.2 344.0 9.8 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

274.7 290.7 290.3 285.5 10.8 3.9

Other services

96.9 99.0 100.3 98.9 2.0 2.1

Government

328.5 341.5 336.6 334.1 5.6 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,676.6 2,770.4 2,767.7 2,699.0 22.4 0.8

Mining, logging, and construction

102.8 117.7 114.5 107.4 4.6 4.5

Manufacturing

186.6 187.6 188.7 187.7 1.1 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

423.9 431.7 436.7 421.9 -2.0 -0.5

Information

78.8 79.7 79.0 79.2 0.4 0.5

Financial activities

183.2 183.9 184.2 181.8 -1.4 -0.8

Professional and business services

467.0 489.6 487.5 478.7 11.7 2.5

Education and health services

569.0 589.9 589.0 575.0 6.0 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

254.2 267.5 267.4 257.6 3.4 1.3

Other services

99.5 104.9 103.9 101.1 1.6 1.6

Government

311.6 317.9 316.8 308.6 -3.0 -1.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,583.7 4,758.6 4,730.9 4,606.9 23.2 0.5

Mining and logging

1.3 1.6 1.5 1.5 0.2 15.4

Construction

151.8 179.4 171.4 155.4 3.6 2.4

Manufacturing

411.2 419.1 420.2 416.2 5.0 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

944.4 973.9 980.3 942.0 -2.4 -0.3

Information

80.6 77.8 78.2 76.7 -3.9 -4.8

Financial activities

299.8 304.3 304.8 306.5 6.7 2.2

Professional and business services

797.3 840.2 827.6 796.8 -0.5 -0.1

Education and health services

714.3 734.6 727.1 721.2 6.9 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

452.0 474.2 467.7 456.7 4.7 1.0

Other services

192.7 193.2 194.2 192.5 -0.2 -0.1

Government

538.3 560.3 557.9 541.4 3.1 0.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,522.0 3,671.0 3,666.8 3,607.8 85.8 2.4

Mining, logging, and construction

205.3 215.6 211.9 209.6 4.3 2.1

Manufacturing

265.8 275.0 274.6 272.6 6.8 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

762.3 792.2 796.0 773.2 10.9 1.4

Information

83.2 83.2 84.2 83.4 0.2 0.2

Financial activities

286.7 296.4 295.5 294.3 7.6 2.7

Professional and business services

581.2 604.6 602.3 588.4 7.2 1.2

Education and health services

434.4 452.6 450.4 447.9 13.5 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

357.5 382.6 383.1 378.1 20.6 5.8

Other services

117.6 123.8 123.3 121.8 4.2 3.6

Government

428.0 445.0 445.5 438.5 10.5 2.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

2,965.1 3,063.4 3,073.4 3,029.5 64.4 2.2

Mining and logging

76.1 77.5 77.9 78.8 2.7 3.5

Construction

210.1 221.6 221.4 219.3 9.2 4.4

Manufacturing

217.1 220.1 221.1 221.7 4.6 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

613.1 633.7 640.2 622.4 9.3 1.5

Information

32.3 31.4 31.9 31.7 -0.6 -1.9

Financial activities

157.0 160.3 160.4 160.1 3.1 2.0

Professional and business services

467.2 491.9 492.8 488.6 21.4 4.6

Education and health services

379.3 384.1 383.9 380.4 1.1 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

306.4 319.5 318.5 312.8 6.4 2.1

Other services

106.0 108.0 109.2 108.2 2.2 2.1

Government

400.5 415.3 416.1 405.5 5.0 1.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

5,948.0 6,152.5 6,169.0 6,062.6 114.6 1.9

Mining and logging

2.9 2.9 2.9 2.9 0.0 0.0

Construction

224.4 243.8 242.9 241.1 16.7 7.4

Manufacturing

511.6 506.8 507.8 503.1 -8.5 -1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,097.9 1,131.0 1,138.9 1,107.8 9.9 0.9

Information

237.9 247.3 246.2 233.5 -4.4 -1.8

Financial activities

337.5 341.2 343.9 339.9 2.4 0.7

Professional and business services

889.8 933.5 939.1 916.7 26.9 3.0

Education and health services

988.7 1,030.0 1,031.9 1,026.5 37.8 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

712.3 750.4 752.1 740.7 28.4 4.0

Other services

200.2 204.3 203.2 201.0 0.8 0.4

Government

744.8 761.3 760.1 749.4 4.6 0.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,616.2 2,666.5 2,679.3 2,645.9 29.7 1.1

Mining and logging

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

125.2 133.0 133.4 131.3 6.1 4.9

Manufacturing

87.8 90.8 92.0 91.2 3.4 3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

599.2 614.1 619.0 601.5 2.3 0.4

Information

50.8 50.6 50.5 50.3 -0.5 -1.0

Financial activities

178.1 179.5 181.7 177.9 -0.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

429.5 441.4 443.2 437.4 7.9 1.8

Education and health services

387.0 393.4 395.6 392.0 5.0 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

322.8 322.4 324.9 327.7 4.9 1.5

Other services

122.5 124.4 125.7 123.2 0.7 0.6

Government

312.6 316.2 312.6 312.7 0.1 0.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,434.7 9,825.7 9,838.2 9,538.7 104.0 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

372.2 405.7 398.2 377.1 4.9 1.3

Manufacturing

362.1 363.8 363.6 358.8 -3.3 -0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,734.1 1,796.2 1,814.0 1,749.4 15.3 0.9

Information

280.7 290.2 288.3 280.7 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

763.3 779.3 781.8 770.6 7.3 1.0

Professional and business services

1,495.5 1,564.6 1,563.5 1,517.4 21.9 1.5

Education and health services

1,875.9 1,974.9 1,979.7 1,928.2 52.3 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

854.8 904.6 904.6 858.6 3.8 0.4

Other services

415.2 425.3 426.8 417.3 2.1 0.5

Government

1,280.9 1,321.1 1,317.7 1,280.6 -0.3 0.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,854.8 2,955.7 2,950.9 2,878.0 23.2 0.8

Mining, logging, and construction

110.3 116.8 113.8 106.3 -4.0 -3.6

Manufacturing

178.4 180.5 181.8 179.7 1.3 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

523.0 537.2 542.1 523.7 0.7 0.1

Information

46.2 45.0 45.2 44.9 -1.3 -2.8

Financial activities

212.1 215.0 215.6 214.0 1.9 0.9

Professional and business services

455.3 475.3 472.1 457.0 1.7 0.4

Education and health services

628.4 659.4 656.5 644.3 15.9 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

248.2 262.4 260.0 252.0 3.8 1.5

Other services

118.9 119.2 119.9 118.6 -0.3 -0.3

Government

334.0 344.9 343.9 337.5 3.5 1.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

1,999.5 2,086.3 2,088.4 2,052.5 53.0 2.7

Mining and logging

3.1 3.2 3.1 3.1 0.0 0.0

Construction

106.8 117.8 118.4 116.7 9.9 9.3

Manufacturing

120.2 125.7 128.2 127.2 7.0 5.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

391.4 409.0 409.2 397.5 6.1 1.6

Information

35.0 35.4 35.6 35.3 0.3 0.9

Financial activities

182.8 190.3 188.8 189.1 6.3 3.4

Professional and business services

340.5 353.1 354.0 345.0 4.5 1.3

Education and health services

301.4 314.9 315.4 314.8 13.4 4.4

Leisure and hospitality

216.2 224.0 225.9 222.4 6.2 2.9

Other services

64.7 65.4 65.7 65.3 0.6 0.9

Government

237.4 247.5 244.1 236.1 -1.3 -0.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,347.4 2,435.7 2,437.7 2,398.3 50.9 2.2

Mining and logging

0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.1 25.0

Construction

111.5 120.8 119.5 116.1 4.6 4.1

Manufacturing

135.7 142.4 141.6 140.4 4.7 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

382.8 394.5 399.2 385.6 2.8 0.7

Information

101.9 108.2 108.1 106.9 5.0 4.9

Financial activities

140.6 142.5 143.9 142.3 1.7 1.2

Professional and business services

468.7 487.4 485.9 479.6 10.9 2.3

Education and health services

341.8 356.5 356.4 352.4 10.6 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

260.0 271.4 273.7 268.2 8.2 3.2

Other services

85.0 85.6 84.4 84.7 -0.3 -0.4

Government

319.0 325.9 324.5 321.6 2.6 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,214.7 3,306.2 3,310.2 3,258.5 43.8 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

153.5 159.6 159.5 156.6 3.1 2.0

Manufacturing

54.2 55.1 54.7 54.5 0.3 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

404.8 414.6 421.0 406.0 1.2 0.3

Information

73.6 73.4 74.9 74.7 1.1 1.5

Financial activities

154.8 157.3 158.6 157.8 3.0 1.9

Professional and business services

734.1 751.4 748.6 744.8 10.7 1.5

Education and health services

433.2 451.7 449.8 443.2 10.0 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

308.9 325.9 326.0 321.9 13.0 4.2

Other services

202.2 209.0 210.6 206.5 4.3 2.1

Government

695.4 708.2 706.5 692.5 -2.9 -0.4

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, March 15, 2018