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Tuesday, July 11, 2017


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Tulsa, May 2016

Workers in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.56 in May 2016, about 10 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 16 of the 22 major groups, including education, training, and library; computer and mathematical; and food preparation and serving related. Only one local group–production occupations–had wages that were measurably higher than the national average. Wage levels in the five remaining occupational groups were not statistically different from their respective national averages.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and sales and related. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Tulsa, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesTulsa, OKUnited StatesTulsa, OKPercent

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0 $23.86$21.56*-10



Business and financial operations


Computer and mathematical


Architecture and engineering


Life, physical, and social science

0.80.5*35.0633.33 -5

Community and social service



0.80.8 50.9552.64 3

Education, training, and library


Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media


Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.95.6*38.0637.50 -1

Healthcare support

2.93.2 14.6513.64*-7

Protective service


Food preparation and serving related

9.29.5 11.479.73*-15

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance


Personal care and service


Sales and related


Office and administrative support

15.715.8 17.9116.99*-5

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.30.1*13.3712.35 -8

Construction and extraction


Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.95.3*22.4522.43 0



Transportation and material moving

6.96.5 17.3416.42*-5

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Tulsa, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.

Note: * The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group–installation, maintenance, and repair–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Tulsa had 22,850 jobs in installation, maintenance, and repair, accounting for 5.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 3.9-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $22.43, not significantly different from the national average of $22.45.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the installation, maintenance, and repair group included general maintenance and repair workers (4,580), aircraft mechanics and service technicians (2,780), and automotive service technicians and mechanics (2,080). Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers, as well as aircraft mechanics and service technicians, with mean hourly wages of $31.68 and $31.27, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were tire repairers and changers ($10.62) and helpers-installation, maintenance, and repair workers ($14.68). (Detailed data for installation, maintenance, and repair workers are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of occupations see

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Tulsa metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the installation, maintenance, and repair group. For instance, aircraft mechanics and service technicians were employed at 7.0 times the national rate in Tulsa, and machinery maintenance workers, at 3.3 times the U.S. average. The Tulsa location quotient for aircraft mechanics and service technicians was among the highest in all metropolitan areas for this particular occupation. On the other hand, automotive service technicians and mechanics had a location quotient of 1.0 in Tulsa, indicating that this occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,539 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Creek, Okmulgee, Osage, Pawnee, Rogers, Tulsa, and Wagoner Counties in Oklahoma.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Tulsa, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation(1)EmploymentMean wages

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations


First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers


Aircraft mechanics and service technicians


Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment


Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door


Industrial machinery mechanics


Electrical power-line installers and repairers




Telecommunications equipment installers & repairers, except line installers


Telecommunications line installers and repairers


Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines


Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers




Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists


Medical equipment repairers


Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics


Automotive body and related repairers


Security and fire alarm systems installers


Maintenance workers, machinery


Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers


Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians


Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other


Automotive service technicians and mechanics


Motorcycle mechanics


Locksmiths and safe repairers


Home appliance repairers


Maintenance and repair workers, general


Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other


Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers


Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers


Helpers-installation, maintenance, and repair workers


Mechanical door repairers


Tire repairers and changers


(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Tulsa, OK Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 11, 2017