News Release Information

17-382-DAL
Monday, May 15, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Louisiana – Third Quarter 2016

From June 2016 to September 2016 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Louisiana totaled 105,759, while gross job losses numbered 102,408, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,351, compared to the previous quarter when gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 16,328. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in Louisiana rose by more than 10,800 between June and September 2016 after falling by about 1,700 in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Louisiana’s gross job losses fell by more than 8,800 between June and September 2016, to the lowest level since September 2015. The gain of 3,351 jobs was the largest net increase since the September to December 2014 period.

With one exception, Louisiana’s rates of gross job gain equaled or exceeded the U.S. rates from December 2004 to June 2015. More recently, the national gross job gain rate has exceeded the state’s rate in three of the last five quarters, although in the quarter ended September 2016, gross job gains represented 6.6 percent of private sector employment in Louisiana, compared to 6.4 percent for the nation.(See chart 2.) Gross jobs losses in the state represented 6.5 percent of private sector employment in the latest period, above the national rate of 5.8 percent. Louisiana’s rates of gross job losses have exceeded the national averages since June 2009.

During the third quarter of 2016, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors in Louisiana. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,972. While more than 16,300 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, more than 19,300 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2016. In education and health services, approximately 14,500 jobs were created in opening and expending establishments and nearly 11,700 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 2,794 jobs. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by more than 1,000 in one other sector, construction. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in Louisiana. Within leisure and hospitality, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 1,362. Gross job losses also exceeded gross job gains by more than 1,000 in the manufacturing sector. Among the three other sectors with losses–retail trade, information, and transportation and warehousing–gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,000.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics release for Fourth Quarter 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 26, 2017.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Louisiana, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

99,727106,45196,60994,903105,7596.26.56.05.96.6

At expanding establishments

81,56284,72979,03978,57787,8455.15.24.94.95.5

At opening establishments

18,16521,72217,57016,32617,9141.11.31.11.01.1

Gross job losses

100,776103,367105,846111,231102,4086.26.46.66.96.5

At contracting establishments

85,95988,31190,01591,48585,4955.35.55.65.75.4

At closing establishments

14,81715,05615,83119,74616,9130.90.91.01.21.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,0493,084-9,237-16,3283,3510.00.1-0.6-1.00.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

14,03013,91613,96413,74114,05510.09.89.89.810.0

At expanding establishments

12,51312,21312,38712,16112,3698.98.68.78.78.8

At opening establishments

1,5171,7031,5771,5801,6861.11.21.11.11.2

Gross job losses

10,92514,33114,16514,12412,9657.810.110.010.19.2

At contracting establishments

9,70512,64912,24712,10411,2236.98.98.68.78.0

At closing establishments

1,2201,6821,9182,0201,7420.91.21.41.41.2

Net employment change (2)

3,105-415-201-3831,0902.2-0.3-0.2-0.30.8

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

4,9965,1064,5784,4325,3883.53.63.33.24.0

At expanding establishments

4,5004,5764,0663,9904,6783.23.22.92.93.5

At opening establishments

4965305124427100.30.40.40.30.5

Gross job losses

6,6547,1886,6807,7186,4554.75.14.85.64.7

At contracting establishments

5,9766,5826,2786,8705,8564.24.74.55.04.3

At closing establishments

6786064028485990.50.40.30.60.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,658-2,082-2,102-3,286-1,067-1.2-1.5-1.5-2.4-0.7

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,8923,3832,8062,9183,3804.04.74.04.14.9

At expanding establishments

2,4412,5442,1872,4142,8523.43.53.13.44.1

At opening establishments

4518396195045280.61.20.90.70.8

Gross job losses

3,1523,3553,4973,8933,1044.44.74.95.64.4

At contracting establishments

2,5852,7012,9223,1502,5323.63.84.14.53.6

At closing establishments

5676545757435720.80.90.81.10.8

Net employment change (2)

-26028-691-975276-0.40.0-0.9-1.50.5

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

13,15114,39214,76613,15213,6725.76.16.35.55.8

At expanding establishments

10,90012,44212,47611,42311,7394.75.35.34.85.0

At opening establishments

2,2511,9502,2901,7291,9331.00.81.00.70.8

Gross job losses

13,65913,24113,55913,75614,5465.85.75.85.86.1

At contracting establishments

11,95311,61812,22012,11212,5895.15.05.25.15.3

At closing establishments

1,7061,6231,3391,6441,9570.70.70.60.70.8

Net employment change (2)

-5081,1511,207-604-874-0.10.40.5-0.3-0.3

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

4,3564,5383,2733,2044,2785.86.14.54.56.1

At expanding establishments

3,6843,9742,6292,6953,5814.95.33.63.85.1

At opening establishments

6725646445096970.90.80.90.71.0

Gross job losses

4,5985,0985,5445,6004,3286.06.87.57.86.1

At contracting establishments

3,9634,4334,7954,8523,7435.25.96.56.85.3

At closing establishments

6356657497485850.80.91.01.00.8

Net employment change (2)

-242-560-2,271-2,396-50-0.2-0.7-3.0-3.30.0

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,8373,7693,0641,7872,4397.014.612.07.510.8

At expanding establishments

1,6123,1232,3811,2151,6336.112.19.35.17.2

At opening establishments

2256466835728060.92.52.72.43.6

Gross job losses

3,9412,7484,1454,3062,53315.010.616.118.011.2

At contracting establishments

3,7412,5333,3912,5662,10114.29.813.210.79.3

At closing establishments

2002157541,7404320.80.82.97.31.9

Net employment change (2)

-2,1041,021-1,081-2,519-94-8.04.0-4.1-10.5-0.4

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,3504,8143,9414,4095,2335.05.64.55.16.0

At expanding establishments

3,4523,7103,1483,4594,4364.04.33.64.05.1

At opening establishments

8981,1047939507971.01.30.91.10.9

Gross job losses

5,0324,7344,6025,1074,3825.85.55.35.95.0

At contracting establishments

4,0583,7173,6274,2153,4934.74.34.24.94.0

At closing establishments

9741,0179758928891.11.21.11.01.0

Net employment change (2)

-68280-661-698851-0.80.1-0.8-0.81.0

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,91216,06415,65715,83919,3078.07.67.47.69.2

At expanding establishments

13,49811,67112,26312,52415,5446.45.55.86.07.4

At opening establishments

3,4144,3933,3943,3153,7631.62.11.61.61.8

Gross job losses

17,43716,99517,17316,79816,3358.28.08.28.07.7

At contracting establishments

14,19013,93713,63912,61113,3056.76.66.56.06.3

At closing establishments

3,2473,0583,5344,1873,0301.51.41.72.01.4

Net employment change (2)

-525-931-1,516-9592,972-0.2-0.4-0.8-0.41.5

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

13,60415,19611,05012,81214,4914.75.23.84.45.0

At expanding establishments

11,47611,0009,37310,83112,2804.03.83.23.74.2

At opening establishments

2,1284,1961,6771,9812,2110.71.40.60.70.8

Gross job losses

10,81611,48312,55313,21811,6973.73.94.34.54.0

At contracting establishments

8,6889,33210,3879,9189,4853.03.23.63.43.2

At closing establishments

2,1282,1512,1663,3002,2120.70.70.71.10.8

Net employment change (2)

2,7883,713-1,503-4062,7941.01.3-0.5-0.11.0

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

17,06718,93016,80516,75617,4297.58.37.27.37.5

At expanding establishments

12,50714,42212,52212,92213,7515.56.35.45.65.9

At opening establishments

4,5604,5084,2833,8343,6782.02.01.81.71.6

Gross job losses

16,42415,59615,57817,49218,7917.26.86.77.58.1

At contracting establishments

14,16313,26713,41915,10215,2726.25.85.86.56.6

At closing establishments

2,2612,3292,1592,3903,5191.01.00.91.01.5

Net employment change (2)

6433,3341,227-736-1,3620.31.50.5-0.2-0.6

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

3,4353,2633,2622,9853,3277.67.17.16.57.4

At expanding establishments

2,6772,5632,5612,4662,6175.95.65.65.45.8

At opening establishments

7587007015197101.71.51.51.11.6

Gross job losses

3,2603,0513,0133,3383,3257.26.76.67.47.3

At contracting establishments

2,7362,5642,4142,6762,6366.05.65.35.95.8

At closing establishments

5244875996626891.21.11.31.51.5

Net employment change (2)

175212249-35320.40.40.5-0.90.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
StateGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016
Sept.
2015
Dec.
2015
Mar.
2016
June
2016
Sept.
2016

United States(1)

6.36.65.86.26.45.85.85.76.05.8

Alabama

5.86.25.85.86.25.55.35.45.85.7

Alaska

9.19.69.410.39.010.310.59.711.911.1

Arizona

6.86.96.06.17.15.45.45.76.15.2

Arkansas

6.16.35.45.46.25.35.35.35.85.4

California

6.97.66.56.86.95.96.76.36.76.1

Colorado

7.07.06.66.97.16.46.46.16.56.2

Connecticut

5.15.55.25.45.25.94.95.05.35.3

Delaware

6.17.36.56.76.36.16.26.46.66.5

District of Columbia

6.16.25.25.86.25.44.65.66.15.7

Florida

6.97.26.16.47.45.85.85.85.95.7

Georgia

6.56.96.17.06.75.95.75.66.65.9

Hawaii

5.15.84.95.45.84.64.44.96.05.0

Idaho

7.87.98.27.17.97.06.96.37.17.1

Illinois

5.46.45.35.95.75.85.65.45.95.7

Indiana

5.56.25.55.25.85.34.95.35.25.1

Iowa

5.76.06.05.66.06.05.75.36.15.8

Kansas

5.76.25.85.66.25.85.65.96.35.6

Kentucky

6.16.75.76.26.75.75.45.85.86.2

Louisiana

6.26.56.05.96.66.26.46.66.96.5

Maine

6.68.68.07.76.77.17.16.96.77.4

Maryland

6.56.86.26.36.56.25.96.06.36.0

Massachusetts

5.45.95.26.05.75.65.25.05.25.5

Michigan

5.46.15.45.95.65.65.34.95.35.6

Minnesota

5.46.15.45.96.15.85.75.25.65.6

Mississippi

6.27.15.75.76.35.95.46.16.55.6

Missouri

5.76.35.75.75.75.55.35.35.45.4

Montana

7.68.57.87.97.67.77.37.28.67.8

Nebraska

6.06.15.85.76.45.65.55.56.05.9

Nevada

6.26.86.36.56.75.65.35.75.65.5

New Hampshire

6.16.76.06.56.46.45.65.85.96.3

New Jersey

6.36.75.96.56.36.25.95.95.85.8

New Mexico

6.57.06.26.56.86.66.96.36.76.2

New York

6.36.46.16.26.36.05.75.75.85.9

North Carolina

6.36.76.06.36.15.75.55.65.85.8

North Dakota

7.16.76.66.88.18.58.18.99.07.1

Ohio

5.56.05.45.65.65.65.15.15.65.6

Oklahoma

6.16.35.75.86.36.16.56.46.86.0

Oregon

7.07.07.06.76.96.46.25.86.56.4

Pennsylvania

5.35.75.45.35.75.35.15.25.45.1

Rhode Island

5.86.65.86.25.65.85.75.96.26.0

South Carolina

6.17.16.16.36.35.85.35.85.85.7

South Dakota

5.96.76.26.46.46.15.96.16.26.2

Tennessee

5.86.35.25.75.95.14.85.15.35.2

Texas

5.96.14.76.36.25.55.55.55.45.4

Utah

7.07.27.36.77.46.06.05.96.46.5

Vermont

6.97.26.67.47.27.76.56.97.27.4

Virginia

7.16.45.96.46.05.85.65.96.06.1

Washington

6.76.87.17.26.76.86.25.65.86.4

West Virginia

5.86.65.95.86.66.76.36.96.96.6

Wisconsin

5.66.05.65.75.55.65.25.25.75.5

Wyoming

8.59.07.97.78.39.29.39.410.48.9

Puerto Rico

5.96.35.75.65.86.35.76.05.65.7

Virgin Islands

6.07.35.76.36.27.35.35.45.86.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, May 15, 2017