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Friday, June 30, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages for Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers in Alabama’s Metropolitan Areas – May 2016

Among the 13 metropolitan areas located entirely or partially in Alabama, 5 had annual wages that were significantly higher than the national average for driver/sales workers. Ten areas had below-average wages for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, and eight areas had below-average wages for light truck or delivery services drivers, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that driver/sales workers was the only occupation of the three selected that had measurably higher wages than their respective national average. Nationwide, the average (mean) wage for driver/sales workers was $28,440; for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, $43,590; and for light truck or delivery services drivers, $34,790. (See table A. For comprehensive definitions of metropolitan areas in Alabama, please see Technical Note.)


Table A. Average (mean) annual wages for driver/sales workers and truck drivers in the United States, Alabama, and metropolitan areas in Alabama, May 2016
Area Driver/Sales Workers Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers

United States

$28,440 $43,590 $34,790

Alabama

31,280* 39,050* 29,600*

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

27,670 35,250* 26,140*

Auburn-Opelika

33,270* 39,000* 36,010

Birmingham-Hoover

33,080* 40,580* 29,030*

Columbus

19,900* 44,490 29,640*

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

23,000* 41,720 33,260

Decatur

26,690 36,400* 30,360

Dothan

35,420* 39,950 31,080

Florence-Muscle Shoals

30,680 33,360* 30,590*

Gadsden

29,660 39,900* 37,640

Huntsville

41,210* 40,740* 31,470*

Mobile

33,490 41,710* 30,700*

Montgomery

38,050* 39,940* 30,200*

Tuscaloosa

26,600 35,920* 28,750*

Note: An asterisk indicates that the mean annual wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.  


Of the 13 metropolitan areas located entirely or partially in the state, the Birmingham-Hoover area had the largest numbers of driver/sales workers, heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers, and light truck or delivery services drivers, with employment of 13,890 in the three selected occupations combined. Employment in these three occupations combined was less than 4,400 in each of the remaining metropolitan areas in Alabama. (See table B.)


Table B. Employment of driver/sales workers and truck drivers in the United States, Alabama, and metropolitan areas in Alabama, May 2016
Area Driver/Sales Workers Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers

United States

426,310 1,704,520 858,710

Alabama

5,770 31,890 11,600

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

140 530 280

Auburn-Opelika

80 680 210

Birmingham-Hoover

1,390 8,810 3,690

Columbus

(1) 720 710

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

220 700 300

Decatur

320 1,080 260

Dothan

240 1,200 570

Florence-Muscle Shoals

220 640 390

Gadsden

110 480 160

Huntsville

330 1,800 960

Mobile

450 2,720 1,220

Montgomery

290 1,680 1,420

Tuscaloosa

600 1,450 480

Footnotes:
(1) Data not available.  


Location quotients (LQs) allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally.

Three metropolitan areas in Alabama had above-average concentrations of employment for the three selected occupations. In the Decatur and Tuscaloosa areas, driver/sales workers were employed at 2.0 times the national rate. Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers were employed at 1.8 times the national rate in Dothan, and 1.7 times the U.S. average in Decatur. Dothan had a LQ of 1.7 for light truck or delivery services drivers. (See table C.)


Table C. Location quotients of driver/sales workers and truck drivers in the United States, Alabama, and metropolitan areas in Alabama, May 2016
Area Driver/Sales Workers Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers

United States

1.0 1.0 1.0

Alabama

1.0 1.4 1.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

1.1 1.1 1.1

Auburn-Opelika

0.5 1.0 0.6

Birmingham-Hoover

0.9 1.4 1.2

Columbus

(1) 0.5 1.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

1.0 0.8 0.7

Decatur

2.0 1.7 0.8

Dothan

1.4 1.8 1.7

Florence-Muscle Shoals

1.4 1.0 1.2

Gadsden

1.0 1.1 0.7

Huntsville

0.5 0.7 0.7

Mobile

0.9 1.3 1.2

Montgomery

0.6 0.8 1.4

Tuscaloosa

2.0 1.2 0.8

Footnotes:
(1) Data not available.  


Wages for driver/sales workers in metropolitan areas in Alabama

Five metropolitan areas had wages significantly higher than the U.S. average of $28,440 for driver/sales workers: Huntsville ($41,210), Montgomery ($38,050), Dothan ($35,420), Auburn-Opelika ($33,270), and Birmingham-Hoover ($33,080). Two localities—Columbus and Daphne-Fairhope-Foley—had wages that were measurably below the national average.

Wages for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers in metropolitan areas in Alabama

Wages were significantly below the national average of $43,590 for heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers in 10 of the 13 areas in Alabama, including Florence-Muscle Shoals ($33,360), Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville ($35,250), and Tuscaloosa ($35,920). Wages in three areas—Columbus, Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, and Dothan—were not measurably different from the national average.

Wages for light truck or delivery services drivers in metropolitan areas in Alabama

Eight metropolitan areas earned wages significantly lower than the national average of $34,790 for light truck or delivery services drivers. Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville ($26,140), Tuscaloosa ($28,750), Birmingham-Hoover ($29,030), and Columbus ($29,640) were among the lower-paying areas. Light truck or delivery services drivers in five areas in Alabama earned wages that were not measurably different from the national average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Alabama Department of Labor.

Note on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

  • Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, Ala. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Calhoun County in Alabama.
  • Auburn-Opelika, Ala. MSA includes Lee County in Alabama.
  • Birmingham-Hoover, Ala. MSA includes Bibb, Blount, Chilton, Jefferson, Shelby, St. Clair, and Walker Counties in Alabama.
  • Columbus, Ga.-Ala. MSA includes Chattahoochee, Harris, Marion, and Muscogee Counties in Georgia; Russell County in Alabama.
  • Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, Ala. MSA includes Baldwin County in Alabama.
  • Decatur, Ala. MSA includes Lawrence and Morgan Counties in Alabama.
  • Dothan, Ala. MSA includes Geneva, Henry, and Houston Counties in Alabama.
  • Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala. MSA includes Colbert and Lauderdale Counties in Alabama.
  • Gadsden, Ala. MSA includes Etowah County in Alabama.
  • Huntsville, Ala. MSA includes Limestone and Madison Counties in Alabama.
  • Mobile, Ala. MSA includes Mobile County in Alabama.
  • Montgomery, Ala. MSA includes Autauga, Elmore, Lowndes, and Montgomery Counties in Alabama.
  • Tuscaloosa, Ala. MSA includes Hale, Pickens, and Tuscaloosa Counties in Alabama.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 30, 2017