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News Release Information

22-194-ATL
Tuesday, February 08, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (404) 893-4220

Business Employment Dynamics in Alabama — Second Quarter 2021

From March 2021 to June 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Alabama were 98,458, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 94,344, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 4,114 jobs in the private sector during the second quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 270. (See chart 1.)


The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the second quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 6.2 percent of private-sector employment in Alabama; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 6.7 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Alabama, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 77,743 in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 3,465 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 20,715 jobs gained in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 2,616 jobs from the previous quarter.


Gross job losses

In the second quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 6.0 percent of private-sector employment in Alabama; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 5.9 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Alabama, contracting establishments lost 82,154 jobs in the second quarter of 2021, an increase of 5,925 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 12,190 jobs, a decrease of 3,688 jobs from the previous quarter.


Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 10 industry sectors in Alabama in the second quarter of 2021. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 5,157 jobs. This was the result of 19,144 gross job gains and 13,987 gross job losses. The education and health services industry had a net gain of 2,684 jobs. Professional and business services showed a net loss of 2,136 jobs, the largest loss of any sector in the state. Alabama’s transportation and warehousing industry sector had a net loss of 1,675 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Third Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 27, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Second Quarter 2021 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Alabama, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

73,891 119,278 119,294 92,377 98,458 4.7 7.8 7.6 5.9 6.2

At expanding establishments

59,415 103,815 98,626 74,278 77,743 3.8 6.8 6.3 4.7 4.9

At opening establishments

14,476 15,463 20,668 18,099 20,715 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

196,681 90,585 84,720 92,107 94,344 12.6 5.9 5.5 5.9 6.0

At contracting establishments

175,322 71,650 66,510 76,229 82,154 11.2 4.7 4.3 4.9 5.2

At closing establishments

21,359 18,935 18,210 15,878 12,190 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-122,790 28,693 34,574 270 4,114 -7.9 1.9 2.1 0.0 0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

7,346 7,937 9,571 7,679 7,142 7.9 8.6 10.3 8.1 7.6

At expanding establishments

5,877 6,541 7,867 6,324 5,561 6.3 7.1 8.5 6.7 5.9

At opening establishments

1,469 1,396 1,704 1,355 1,581 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.7

Gross job losses

9,308 9,005 6,934 8,374 7,684 9.9 9.8 7.5 8.9 8.2

At contracting establishments

7,979 7,466 5,609 7,082 6,398 8.5 8.1 6.1 7.5 6.8

At closing establishments

1,329 1,539 1,325 1,292 1,286 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-1,962 -1,068 2,637 -695 -542 -2.0 -1.2 2.8 -0.8 -0.6

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

5,011 13,621 11,400 9,074 8,288 2.0 5.3 4.4 3.5 3.2

At expanding establishments

4,340 13,055 10,395 8,057 7,600 1.7 5.1 4.0 3.1 2.9

At opening establishments

671 566 1,005 1,017 688 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3

Gross job losses

23,342 8,703 7,444 7,872 9,466 8.9 3.4 2.9 2.9 3.6

At contracting establishments

22,541 7,601 6,256 7,224 8,739 8.6 3.0 2.4 2.7 3.3

At closing establishments

801 1,102 1,188 648 727 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-18,331 4,918 3,956 1,202 -1,178 -6.9 1.9 1.5 0.6 -0.4

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,678 3,747 4,452 3,270 3,500 3.6 5.3 6.2 4.5 4.8

At expanding establishments

1,937 3,067 3,456 2,767 2,900 2.6 4.3 4.8 3.8 4.0

At opening establishments

741 680 996 503 600 1.0 1.0 1.4 0.7 0.8

Gross job losses

5,974 3,944 2,819 3,080 3,379 8.2 5.5 3.9 4.2 4.6

At contracting establishments

5,190 2,736 2,162 2,435 2,708 7.1 3.8 3.0 3.3 3.7

At closing establishments

784 1,208 657 645 671 1.1 1.7 0.9 0.9 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-3,296 -197 1,633 190 121 -4.6 -0.2 2.3 0.3 0.2

Retail trade

Gross job gains

16,453 17,180 13,734 13,695 14,172 7.2 7.6 6.1 6.0 6.1

At expanding establishments

14,840 15,694 11,789 11,541 11,824 6.5 6.9 5.2 5.1 5.1

At opening establishments

1,613 1,486 1,945 2,154 2,348 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

24,469 13,470 14,530 12,770 13,471 10.7 5.9 6.4 5.6 5.9

At contracting establishments

22,395 11,793 12,426 10,787 12,405 9.8 5.2 5.5 4.7 5.4

At closing establishments

2,074 1,677 2,104 1,983 1,066 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-8,016 3,710 -796 925 701 -3.5 1.7 -0.3 0.4 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

3,662 4,782 6,367 3,673 3,724 6.0 7.8 9.9 5.5 5.6

At expanding establishments

3,111 4,308 5,648 2,917 2,738 5.1 7.0 8.8 4.4 4.1

At opening establishments

551 474 719 756 986 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.5

Gross job losses

5,533 3,227 3,075 4,569 5,399 9.0 5.2 4.8 6.9 8.2

At contracting establishments

4,908 2,675 2,502 3,731 4,995 8.0 4.3 3.9 5.6 7.6

At closing establishments

625 552 573 838 404 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.3 0.6

Net employment change (2)

-1,871 1,555 3,292 -896 -1,675 -3.0 2.6 5.1 -1.4 -2.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,983 4,782 5,014 5,207 5,132 4.2 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.3

At expanding establishments

3,055 3,869 3,830 4,220 4,054 3.2 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.2

At opening establishments

928 913 1,184 987 1,078 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

5,788 4,355 5,113 4,317 4,634 6.1 4.6 5.4 4.5 4.8

At contracting establishments

4,926 3,018 4,122 3,358 3,646 5.2 3.2 4.4 3.5 3.8

At closing establishments

862 1,337 991 959 988 0.9 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-1,805 427 -99 890 498 -1.9 0.5 0.0 0.9 0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

13,031 27,432 26,594 17,650 18,441 5.4 11.7 10.8 7.0 7.4

At expanding establishments

10,010 23,752 21,996 13,339 13,736 4.1 10.1 8.9 5.3 5.5

At opening establishments

3,021 3,680 4,598 4,311 4,705 1.3 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.9

Gross job losses

38,821 15,898 15,516 17,955 20,577 16.1 6.8 6.3 7.2 8.3

At contracting establishments

34,746 11,255 11,366 15,072 17,649 14.4 4.8 4.6 6.0 7.1

At closing establishments

4,075 4,643 4,150 2,883 2,928 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

-25,790 11,534 11,078 -305 -2,136 -10.7 4.9 4.5 -0.2 -0.9

Education and health services

Gross job gains

7,249 11,996 13,800 10,684 12,145 3.1 5.3 6.1 4.7 5.3

At expanding establishments

5,554 10,430 10,862 8,608 9,608 2.4 4.6 4.8 3.8 4.2

At opening establishments

1,695 1,566 2,938 2,076 2,537 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

21,208 10,962 10,534 12,143 9,461 9.2 4.9 4.6 5.3 4.1

At contracting establishments

18,645 8,520 7,702 9,462 8,341 8.1 3.8 3.4 4.1 3.6

At closing establishments

2,563 2,442 2,832 2,681 1,120 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-13,959 1,034 3,266 -1,459 2,684 -6.1 0.4 1.5 -0.6 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

9,811 21,723 21,846 15,149 19,144 5.3 12.7 12.2 8.2 10.3

At expanding establishments

7,057 18,167 17,729 12,143 14,849 3.8 10.6 9.9 6.6 8.0

At opening establishments

2,754 3,556 4,117 3,006 4,295 1.5 2.1 2.3 1.6 2.3

Gross job losses

52,251 15,301 12,174 15,323 13,987 28.0 9.0 6.8 8.3 7.5

At contracting establishments

45,731 12,295 9,643 12,705 11,896 24.5 7.2 5.4 6.9 6.4

At closing establishments

6,520 3,006 2,531 2,618 2,091 3.5 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-42,440 6,422 9,672 -174 5,157 -22.7 3.7 5.4 -0.1 2.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,300 3,371 3,796 3,444 3,786 5.5 8.5 9.4 8.4 9.1

At expanding establishments

1,620 2,788 2,863 2,570 2,616 3.9 7.0 7.1 6.3 6.3

At opening establishments

680 583 933 874 1,170 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.1 2.8

Gross job losses

5,812 2,813 2,958 3,113 2,859 14.0 7.1 7.3 7.6 6.9

At contracting establishments

4,722 2,024 2,171 2,214 2,439 11.4 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.9

At closing establishments

1,090 789 787 899 420 2.6 2.0 1.9 2.2 1.0

Net employment change (2)

-3,512 558 838 331 927 -8.5 1.4 2.1 0.8 2.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private-sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
June
2020
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021

United States(1)

4.8 9.5 7.4 6.8 6.7 17.0 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.9

Alabama

4.7 7.8 7.6 5.9 6.2 12.6 5.9 5.5 5.9 6.0

Alaska

6.6 12.2 13.4 11.0 9.5 24.3 9.8 7.7 9.4 9.2

Arizona

5.8 7.8 7.3 6.3 6.8 11.8 6.1 5.0 5.5 6.0

Arkansas

4.8 7.6 7.2 5.9 5.5 12.1 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.6

California

5.3 8.9 8.5 7.7 7.8 18.6 7.1 6.1 5.9 6.4

Colorado

5.7 10.1 7.5 8.6 7.8 15.1 6.4 7.2 5.6 6.4

Connecticut

4.3 11.4 6.6 6.3 6.6 19.5 5.1 5.9 5.3 5.9

Delaware

4.9 10.3 6.8 6.8 6.4 17.0 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.4

District of Columbia

3.3 8.2 5.3 5.5 7.0 22.3 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.4

Florida

6.0 9.5 8.0 6.9 7.8 14.1 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.2

Georgia

5.3 9.3 7.9 6.7 6.9 14.9 6.5 5.2 5.7 6.2

Hawaii

3.6 7.5 14.7 8.5 10.7 30.3 12.2 4.6 5.9 5.6

Idaho

6.3 8.4 8.7 8.1 7.2 11.2 6.4 6.1 5.7 7.2

Illinois

4.5 9.7 6.5 7.2 6.0 18.2 5.6 6.1 4.9 5.6

Indiana

4.6 8.3 6.8 6.0 5.7 13.5 5.2 5.0 5.1 6.0

Iowa

4.4 7.5 6.8 6.1 6.0 13.0 5.5 5.1 5.4 6.0

Kansas

5.0 7.9 7.0 6.2 6.2 13.3 5.9 5.9 5.5 6.1

Kentucky

4.6 9.0 7.3 7.3 6.4 15.2 5.1 6.1 5.1 6.5

Louisiana

4.4 9.1 8.7 6.4 6.8 16.8 7.0 5.6 5.9 6.2

Maine

5.2 12.3 8.5 9.0 7.7 21.9 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8

Maryland

4.8 11.2 7.3 6.3 6.6 21.5 5.5 5.8 5.5 6.6

Massachusetts

3.7 12.4 7.0 6.6 6.9 24.2 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.7

Michigan

4.0 10.9 6.7 8.5 6.2 20.5 4.8 6.9 4.9 5.6

Minnesota

4.2 9.0 6.9 9.2 6.1 17.6 5.4 6.8 4.9 5.5

Mississippi

5.0 8.7 8.0 5.6 6.4 12.9 5.5 4.9 6.6 6.5

Missouri

4.6 8.5 7.1 6.3 6.0 14.4 5.7 5.2 5.3 6.3

Montana

6.8 9.9 9.4 8.8 8.3 13.9 7.2 6.8 6.9 8.1

Nebraska

4.8 8.2 6.8 6.5 6.2 12.2 5.8 5.5 6.2 6.0

Nevada

5.3 12.9 8.8 7.3 9.5 29.5 6.4 5.7 5.5 5.7

New Hampshire

4.5 11.8 7.4 7.4 7.0 18.8 5.3 6.4 5.4 6.4

New Jersey

4.8 15.7 8.1 7.0 7.2 28.3 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.7

New Mexico

4.5 8.5 7.3 8.5 7.1 17.7 6.1 7.5 5.7 6.6

New York

3.9 13.3 7.4 6.9 7.1 26.9 5.9 6.3 5.4 5.7

North Carolina

4.9 8.7 7.9 6.6 6.4 14.6 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.8

North Dakota

5.3 8.9 7.2 7.8 6.9 17.1 6.9 7.1 6.5 6.5

Ohio

4.5 7.8 6.6 6.1 5.9 14.4 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.8

Oklahoma

5.5 7.1 7.9 6.1 6.5 12.3 6.6 5.8 6.1 6.0

Oregon

5.0 9.0 7.4 8.5 6.6 18.2 6.3 6.5 5.6 6.6

Pennsylvania

3.6 10.3 6.2 6.4 5.6 18.3 4.9 5.3 4.6 5.3

Rhode Island

4.5 13.0 7.6 9.8 7.0 25.1 5.3 7.1 5.5 6.4

South Carolina

5.0 8.8 8.0 6.2 6.3 14.6 5.9 5.2 6.1 6.5

South Dakota

5.1 8.6 7.2 7.3 6.8 11.5 5.5 6.2 6.0 5.8

Tennessee

4.4 8.1 7.5 5.6 5.9 13.9 5.5 4.6 5.0 5.8

Texas

4.7 7.3 7.6 5.7 6.7 13.8 6.1 4.8 5.0 5.4

Utah

6.6 9.1 8.1 7.1 6.9 10.9 6.3 5.6 6.1 6.0

Vermont

4.6 12.9 7.6 8.2 8.4 18.4 5.8 8.0 6.1 6.8

Virginia

4.6 10.4 7.0 6.0 6.2 18.3 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.0

Washington

4.8 8.9 7.2 7.9 6.7 17.4 6.3 6.1 5.4 5.8

West Virginia

5.1 8.9 7.4 7.2 6.5 14.1 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.4

Wisconsin

4.3 7.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 14.4 5.1 5.1 4.7 5.4

Wyoming

6.4 10.8 10.0 9.1 8.8 17.9 7.7 7.7 8.3 8.5

Puerto Rico

4.1 11.1 6.6 6.6 7.7 16.9 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.0

Virgin Islands

5.3 7.8 9.9 7.4 10.6 18.8 12.5 5.8 10.8 6.2

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, February 08, 2022