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17-60-ATL
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Atlanta – December 2016

Area prices down 0.4 percent over the two months; up 2.6 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for Atlanta declined 0.4 percent over the November-December pricing period, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Janet S. Rankin noted that the energy index declined 3.0 percent and the all items less food and energy index edged down 0.2 percent. The food index inched up 0.1 percent during the November-December pricing period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the all items CPI-U increased 2.6 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.9 percent over the year reflecting price increases for shelter and medical care. (See chart 1 and table 1.)

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent during the November-December pricing period as prices for food away from home advanced 0.7 percent. Prices for food at home edged down 0.3 percent over the two months.

Over the year, the food index decreased 0.9 percent, reflecting a 3.4-percent decline in the food at home index. Since December 2015, the food away from home index advanced 2.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index declined 3.0 percent during the November-December pricing period, reflecting a 3.8 percent decrease in motor fuel prices and a 4.2-percent seasonal decline in electricity prices. Over the two months, prices for utility (piped) gas service increased 3.7 percent.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 5.9 percent, led by a 12.0-percent increase in motor fuel prices. Since December 2015, utility (piped) gas service prices rose 7.6 percent, while electricity prices declined 1.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged down 0.2 percent during the November-December pricing period as a seasonal decline in prices for apparel (-9.6 percent) were largely offset by a price increase for shelter (0.7 percent).

From December 2015 to December 2016, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.9 percent—led by increases for shelter (5.0 percent) and medical care (6.5 percent).

Table A. Atlanta CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

1.0 2.4 1.9 2.1 1.3 1.8 0.0 -0.3 0.3 1.6

April

1.1 1.8 0.1 1.1 0.8 2.5 0.7 -0.5 1.0 1.9

June

0.6 1.5 1.0 1.4 1.5 3.0 2.5 0.6 1.3 0.7

August

0.6 1.5 0.7 1.5 -0.1 2.2 -0.1 0.6 0.5 1.3

October

-1.2 1.8 -1.0 1.6 -1.1 2.2 -1.2 0.5 -0.1 2.4

December

-0.9 1.2 -0.2 2.4 -1.5 0.9 -0.6 1.4 -0.4 2.6

The Consumer Price Index for January 2017 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Atlanta, Ga. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Barrow, Bartow, Carroll, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Pickens, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties in Georgia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Atlanta, GA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.675 - 226.739 2.6 -0.4 -

All items (1967=100)

686.599 - 683.776 - - -

Food and beverages

248.266 - 248.549 -0.8 0.1 -

Food

258.778 - 259.160 -0.9 0.1 -

Food at home

243.572 247.035 242.843 -3.4 -0.3 -1.7

Food away from home

283.511 - 285.554 2.3 0.7 -

Alcoholic beverages

154.439 - 153.844 1.1 -0.4 -

Housing

225.868 - 226.670 4.2 0.4 -

Shelter

247.223 248.186 248.998 5.0 0.7 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

251.903 253.299 254.752 5.8 1.1 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

241.585 242.985 243.571 4.8 0.8 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

241.585 242.985 243.571 4.8 0.8 0.2

Fuels and utilities

275.411 - 270.820 0.4 -1.7 -

Household energy

234.651 227.392 229.513 0.6 -2.2 0.9

Energy Services(1)

233.324 226.014 228.093 0.6 -2.2 0.9

Electricity(1)

206.015 197.311 197.311 -1.8 -4.2 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

257.128 257.499 266.669 7.6 3.7 3.6

Household furnishings and operations

123.319 - 123.142 2.3 -0.1 -

Apparel

151.009 - 136.525 2.2 -9.6 -

Transportation

191.448 - 189.143 2.9 -1.2 -

Private transportation

189.702 - 188.229 3.5 -0.8 -

Motor fuel

205.699 198.441 197.842 12.0 -3.8 -0.3

Gasoline (all types)

204.530 197.229 196.619 12.1 -3.9 -0.3

Unleaded regular(3)

200.636 193.244 192.592 12.3 -4.0 -0.3

Unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

253.324 246.158 245.030 11.8 -3.3 -0.5

Unleaded premium(3)

219.082 213.051 213.033 10.7 -2.8 0.0

Medical Care

443.470 - 441.391 6.5 -0.5 -

Recreation(5)

85.224 - 84.906 -2.1 -0.4 -

Education and communication(5)

134.788 - 134.383 -0.2 -0.3 -

Other goods and services

362.462 - 366.978 0.7 1.2 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

227.675 - 226.739 2.6 -0.4 -

Commodities

177.684 - 175.059 1.4 -1.5 -

Commodities less food & beverages

146.036 - 142.217 3.2 -2.6 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

182.175 - 174.760 5.8 -4.1 -

Durables

108.687 - 108.487 -0.7 -0.2 -

Services

275.009 - 275.531 3.2 0.2 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

216.259 - 215.381 2.2 -0.4 -

All items less shelter

223.673 - 221.453 1.4 -1.0 -

Commodities less food

145.960 - 142.283 3.1 -2.5 -

Nondurables

210.634 - 206.761 2.1 -1.8 -

Nondurables less food

178.816 - 171.978 5.4 -3.8 -

Services less rent of shelter(2)

321.626 - 320.482 1.3 -0.4 -

Services less medical care services

258.068 - 258.639 3.1 0.2 -

Energy

200.189 193.566 194.194 5.9 -3.0 0.3

All items less energy

230.429 - 229.999 2.3 -0.2 -

All items less food and energy

226.391 - 225.831 2.9 -0.2 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017