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News Release Information

23-1545-BOS
Thursday, July 13, 2023

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3623

Occupational Employment and Wages in Norwich-New London-Westerly — May 2022

Workers in the Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $30.70 in May 2022, 3 percent above the nationwide average of $29.76, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 11 of the 20 major occupational groups for which hourly wage data were available, including life, physical, and social science; production; and construction and extraction. Four groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; computer and mathematical; and sales and related.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Norwich area employment was more highly concentrated in 7 of the 20 occupational groups for which employment data were available, including food preparation and serving related, personal care and service, and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance. Twelve groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving, business and financial operations, and production. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Norwich metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2022
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage ($)
United StatesNorwichUnited StatesNorwichPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.029.7630.70*3

Management

6.76.0*63.0863.330

Business and financial operations

6.54.1*41.3940.17*-3

Computer and mathematical

3.42.4*51.9947.43*-9

Architecture and engineering

1.7(2)45.52(2)(2)

Life, physical, and social science

0.91.2*40.2148.01*19

Community and social service

1.62.0*26.8127.432

Legal

0.80.6*59.87(2)(2)

Educational instruction and library

5.76.4*30.4132.89*8

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.41.2*36.7830.47*-17

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.15.6*46.5248.735

Healthcare support

4.64.0*17.1018.93*11

Protective service

2.32.6*25.9727.81*7

Food preparation and serving related

8.511.0*15.4517.72*15

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.93.8*17.2618.29*6

Personal care and service

1.93.8*17.4120.33*17

Sales and related

8.98.7*24.2220.63*-15

Office and administrative support

12.611.6*21.9023.65*8

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3(2)18.2118.632

Construction and extraction

4.14.228.0831.83*13

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.93.5*26.7730.30*13

Production

5.94.6*21.8128.11*29

Transportation and material moving

9.26.4*21.1220.91-1

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—educational instruction and library—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Norwich had 7,700 jobs in educational instruction and library, accounting for 6.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.7-percent share nationally. The average annual wage of $68,400 for this occupational group locally was significantly above the national wage of $63,240.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the educational instruction and library group included teaching assistants, except postsecondary (1,780); elementary school teachers, except special education (1,110); and secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education (1,070). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were secondary school special education teachers and middle school special education teachers, with mean annual wages of $93,980 and $88,840, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were teaching assistants, except postsecondary ($36,990), and preschool teachers, except special education ($41,330). (Detailed data for the educational instruction and library occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_76450.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Norwich area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the educational instruction and library group. For instance, career/technical education teachers, secondary school, were employed at 2.6 times the national rate in Norwich, and teaching assistants, except postsecondary, at 1.8 times the U.S. average. Elementary school teachers, except special education, had a location quotient of 1.0 in Norwich, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Connecticut Department of Labor, and the Rhode Island Labor Market Information Division.

Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Data

The May 2022 OEWS estimates use the model-based (MB3) estimation method implemented with the May 2021 estimates release. Additional updates were made to the MB3 wage processing methodology for May 2022. For more information, see the May 2022 Survey Methods and Reliability Statement.

The May 2022 estimates are the first OEWS estimates to be produced using the 2022 NAICS, which replaces the 2017 NAICS used for the May 2017-May 2021 estimates. See North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) at BLS for details.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 179,000 to 187,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by Internet or other electronic means, mail, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2022 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2022, November 2021, May 2021, November 2020, May 2020, and November 2019. The unweighted sampled employment of 80 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 65.4 percent based on establishments and 62.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,654 establishments with a response rate of 61 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Bozrah town, CT; Canterbury town, CT; East Lyme town, CT; Franklin town, CT; Griswold town, CT; Groton town, CT; Ledyard town, CT; Lisbon town, CT; Lyme town, CT; Montville town, CT; New London city, CT; North Stonington town, CT; Norwich city, CT; Old Lyme town, CT; Preston town, CT; Salem town, CT; Sprague town, CT; Stonington town, CT; Voluntown town, CT; Waterford town, CT; Hopkinton town, RI; and Westerly town, RI.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for educational instruction and library occupations, Norwich metropolitan area, May 2022
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages ($)
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Educational instruction and library occupations

7,7001.132.8968,400

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

500.9(5)(5)

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

(5)(5)(6)82,310

Postsecondary teachers, all other

1400.8(6)107,880

Preschool teachers, except special education

4001.219.8741,330

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

1001.0(6)87,610

Elementary school teachers, except special education

1,1101.0(6)84,030

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

6801.4(6)88,640

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

1,0701.3(6)78,470

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

1802.6(6)84,890

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

1901.2(6)86,790

Special education teachers, middle school

1101.6(6)88,840

Special education teachers, secondary school

1201.0(6)93,980

Adult basic education, adult secondary education, and english as a second language instructors

602.232.1566,870

Self-enrichment teachers

1700.823.9149,730

Substitute teachers, short-term

2900.925.3852,780

Tutors

1200.826.4755,060

Teachers and instructors, all other

1801.9(6)100,570

Librarians and media collections specialists

1601.529.7261,820

Library technicians

601.122.3846,540

Instructional coordinators

1100.738.1279,290

Teaching assistants, postsecondary

(5)(5)(6)50,200

Teaching assistants, except postsecondary

1,7801.8(6)36,990

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Norwich-New London-Westerly, CT-RI Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_76450.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, July 13, 2023