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News Release Information

22-863-NEW
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (646) 264-3620

Consumer Price Index, New York-Newark-Jersey City — April 2022

Area prices up 0.9 percent over the month and 6.3 percent over the year

Prices in the New York-Newark-Jersey City area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), rose 0.9 percent in April, following a 1.3-percent increase in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli attributed the April increase to higher prices for food, energy, and other items. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the year, the CPI-U advanced 6.3 percent, while the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The 12-month percent increase in the all-items index was the highest since October 1990. Energy prices climbed 29.8 percent, led by higher prices for gasoline. Food prices advanced 8.8 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.5 percent in April, following a 0.3-percent increase in March. Prices for food at home rose 1.8 percent, with all six grocery categories recording higher increases. Among the groceries with higher April prices in the New York area were citrus fruits, eggs, and milk. Prices for food away from home rose 1.1 percent.

From April 2021 to April 2022, food prices were up 8.8 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 10.0 percent—the largest over-the-year increase in 41 years. Prices for food away from home rose 6.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 1.2 percent in April, following a 12.9-percent jump in March. A 4.0-percent rise in household energy prices was partially offset by a 2.3-percent decline in gasoline prices. Within household energy, electricity and natural gas were up 4.2 and 1.8 percent, respectively.

For the year ended in April 2022, energy prices rose 29.8 percent, led by a 42.0-percent climb in gasoline prices. Household energy prices increased 21.2 percent. Prices for electricity advanced 12.6 percent, and natural gas prices increased 18.9 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in April. Prices for new and used motor vehicles, which include leased and rented vehicles, jumped 5.6 percent. Airline fares also rose. Shelter prices increased 0.4 percent for the second consecutive month. Within shelter, owners’ equivalent rent edged up 0.3 percent, and residential rent ticked up 0.1 percent. Lodging away from home also increased. In contrast, prices for apparel were down (-5.6 percent), as they often are at this time of year.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.4 percent. New and used motor vehicles were up 16.8 percent, including increases of 15.0 percent for new vehicles and 23.6 percent for used cars and trucks. A 2.2-percent increase in shelter prices reflected, in part, a 2.5-percent increase in owners’ equivalent rent and a 1.4-percent rise in residential rent. Other price increases included recreation (7.9 percent), household furnishings and operations (8.9 percent), and medical care (4.6 percent).

Table A. New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.4 1.4 0.5 1.6 0.8 2.5 0.4 1.2 1.1 5.1

February

0.5 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.2 2.4 0.3 1.4 0.3 5.1

March

0.0 1.7 0.3 1.6 -0.2 2.0 0.4 2.0 1.3 6.1

April

0.3 1.9 0.3 1.6 -0.5 1.1 0.7 3.2 0.9 6.3

May

0.4 2.2 0.2 1.5 0.5 1.4 0.5 3.2

June

0.1 2.0 0.3 1.7 0.1 1.3 1.0 4.1

July

0.0 2.2 0.0 1.7 0.5 1.7 -0.1 3.5

August

0.1 2.2 0.2 1.8 -0.1 1.4 0.1 3.7

September

0.4 2.0 0.0 1.4 0.4 1.9 0.5 3.8

October

-0.1 2.0 0.0 1.5 -0.2 1.7 0.3 4.3

November

-0.2 1.9 0.1 1.8 -0.3 1.4 0.3 5.0

December

-0.2 1.6 0.1 2.2 0.4 1.6 -0.2 4.4

The May 2022 Consumer Price Index for the New York-Newark-Jersey City area is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 10, 2022 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measures of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Core Based Statistical Area includes Bronx, Dutchess, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties in New York; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, and Union Counties in New Jersey; and Pike County in Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2022
March
2022
April
2022
April
2021
Feb.
2022
March
2022

Expenditure category

All items

301.151 305.024 307.781 6.3 2.2 0.9

All items (1967=100)

870.587 881.781 889.753      

Food and beverages

305.776 306.791 311.345 8.5 1.8 1.5

Food

307.079 307.940 312.658 8.8 1.8 1.5

Food at home

291.811 293.548 298.825 10.0 2.4 1.8

Cereals and bakery products

337.711 338.718 344.547 9.3 2.0 1.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

307.037 307.003 310.064 13.2 1.0 1.0

Dairy and related products

250.901 249.525 259.163 7.2 3.3 3.9

Fruits and vegetables

359.267 361.793 371.918 8.9 3.5 2.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

284.524 286.341 286.533 6.8 0.7 0.1

Other food at home

251.589 256.321 261.032 10.7 3.8 1.8

Food away from home

336.070 335.373 339.119 6.9 0.9 1.1

Alcoholic beverages

282.572 285.821 287.923 3.2 1.9 0.7

Housing

319.660 323.204 325.428 4.1 1.8 0.7

Shelter

401.151 402.690 404.237 2.2 0.8 0.4

Rent of primary residence

414.299 414.021 414.401 1.4 0.0 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

411.537 412.162 413.477 2.5 0.5 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

411.028 411.652 412.965 2.5 0.5 0.3

Fuels and utilities

213.733 230.781 238.903 18.5 11.8 3.5

Household energy

203.427 222.201 231.031 21.2 13.6 4.0

Energy services

189.255 204.719 211.740 14.6 11.9 3.4

Electricity

174.289 200.122 208.589 12.6 19.7 4.2

Utility (piped) gas service

206.281 199.830 203.460 18.9 -1.4 1.8

Household furnishings and operations

125.140 126.609 127.324 8.9 1.7 0.6

Apparel

129.746 134.936 127.341 2.1 -1.9 -5.6

Transportation

251.934 261.280 270.029 15.5 7.2 3.3

Private transportation

251.487 261.303 268.103 17.6 6.6 2.6

New and used motor vehicles(3)

114.029 114.712 121.113 16.8 6.2 5.6

New vehicles(1)

244.662 242.971 245.205 15.0 0.2 0.9

Used cars and trucks(1)

413.170 405.395 401.553 23.6 -2.8 -0.9

Motor fuel

285.025 335.871 328.344 42.1 15.2 -2.2

Gasoline (all types)

284.071 334.595 326.948 42.0 15.1 -2.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

283.876 334.932 326.734 42.7 15.1 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

289.984 339.305 334.962 40.2 15.5 -1.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

288.244 335.669 331.517 37.0 15.0 -1.2

Medical care

552.255 555.768 561.104 4.6 1.6 1.0

Recreation(3)

140.321 141.364 141.036 7.9 0.5 -0.2

Education and communication(3)

155.690 154.990 155.131 2.6 -0.4 0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,303.178 1,303.045 1,304.026 2.5 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

468.478 473.131 472.350 5.1 0.8 -0.2

Commodity and service group

All items

301.151 305.024 307.781 6.3 2.2 0.9

Commodities

217.392 221.613 221.803 11.1 2.0 0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

163.869 169.054 167.452 13.3 2.2 -0.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

202.433 216.380 212.172 14.4 4.8 -1.9

Durables

113.062 111.810 112.132 13.1 -0.8 0.3

Services

371.976 375.485 380.500 4.3 2.3 1.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

290.245 294.115 296.762 6.5 2.2 0.9

All items less shelter

261.445 266.211 269.430 8.9 3.1 1.2

Commodities less food

168.485 173.670 172.148 12.7 2.2 -0.9

Nondurables

255.344 263.104 263.145 10.9 3.1 0.0

Nondurables less food

207.296 220.650 216.797 13.4 4.6 -1.7

Services less rent of shelter(2)

351.667 357.505 366.603 6.9 4.2 2.5

Services less medical care services

355.939 359.440 364.242 4.1 2.3 1.3

Energy

236.894 267.556 270.704 29.8 14.3 1.2

All items less energy

309.836 311.558 314.315 5.0 1.4 0.9

All items less food and energy

312.563 314.449 316.879 4.4 1.4 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022