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17-483-NEW
Tuesday, April 25, 2017

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County Employment and Wages in Puerto Rico — Third Quarter 2016

Puerto Rico’s only large county, the municipio of San Juan, reported an employment decrease of 1.4 percent from September 2015 to September 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are defined as those with employment of 75,000 or more as measured by 2015 annual average employment.) Chief Regional Economist Martin Kohli noted that in September 2016, San Juan’s employment level of 244,976 accounted for 27.6 percent of total employment in the commonwealth.

In the United States, employment grew 1.7 percent over the year, as 307 of the 344 largest U.S. counties gained jobs. (See table 1 and chart 1.) The 344 largest counties made up 72.5 percent of total U.S. employment.

The average weekly wage in San Juan was $634 in the third quarter of 2016, a 2.8-percent increase from a year ago. By comparison, the U.S. weekly wage increased 5.4 percent over the year to $1,027. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

 

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 77 municipios in Puerto Rico with employment below 75,000. All 77 had wages below the U.S. average of $1,027. (See table 2.) Juncos, located on the eastern part of the island, had the highest average weekly wage, $891. Guaynabo, located on the northern part of the island, was the only other small municipio with an average weekly wage above $600. Thirty-two municipios had average weekly wages below $400, with roughly half of these low-wage municipios located in the western end of the island, including Lajas ($325) and Las Marias ($313). (See chart 3.)

In the neighboring Virgin Islands, average weekly wages were also below the U.S. average. The highest average weekly wage among the three Virgin Island counties was $802 in St. Croix. Average weekly wages on St. Thomas and St. John were $771 and $698, respectively.

Though employment on each island was below 25,000, more than half of the Virgin Island’s 37,443 jobs in September 2016 were on St. Thomas, and an additional 14,265 were on St. Croix.

Additional statistics and other information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. The 2015 edition of this publication contains selected data produced by Business Employment Dynamics (BED) on job gains and losses, as well as selected data from the first quarter 2016 version of the national news release. Tables and additional content from Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online are now available at www.bls.gov/cew/cewbultn15.htm. The 2016 edition of Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online will be available in September 2017.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

The County Employment and Wages release for fourth quarter 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 7, 2017.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The 9.8 million employer reports cover 142.9 million full- and part-time workers. The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/cew/; however, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s Web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS Web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS Web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Table 1. Covered employment and wages in the United States, Puerto Rico, and San Juan, third quarter 2016
Area Employment Average weekly wage (1)
September 2016 (thousands) Percent change, September 2015-16 (2) Average weekly wage Percent change, third quarter 2015-16 (2)

United States (3)

142,940.5 1.7 $1,027 5.4

Puerto Rico

888.2 -0.4 524 2.3

San Juan

245.0 -1.4 634 2.8

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from quarterly employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Table 2. Covered employment and wages in the United States and all counties in Puerto Rico, third quarter 2016
Area Employment September 2016 Average weekly wage (1)

United States (2)

142,940,452 $1,027

  Puerto Rico

888,207 524

    Adjuntas

1,908 349

    Aguada

4,110 349

    Aguadilla

17,912 592

    Aguas Buenas

1,782 379

    Aibonito

5,555 471

    Anasco

5,120 523

    Arecibo

20,540 492

    Arroyo

2,609 500

    Barceloneta

9,738 509

    Barranquitas

3,049 412

    Bayamon

55,122 465

    Cabo Rojo

5,959 339

    Caguas

45,530 477

    Camuy

3,503 370

    Canovanas

5,546 451

    Carolina

45,710 497

    Catano

10,429 591

    Cayey

9,686 512

    Ceiba

1,119 404

    Ciales

1,572 356

    Cidra

5,934 494

    Coamo

3,713 386

    Comerio

2,038 367

    Corozal

3,896 376

    Culebra

460 330

    Dorado

8,356 490

    Fajardo

11,384 474

    Florida

1,132 374

    Guanica

2,554 369

    Guayama

10,891 511

    Guayanilla

2,250 420

    Guaynabo

46,121 639

    Gurabo

6,493 513

    Hatillo

8,083 366

    Hormigueros

2,437 338

    Humacao

16,279 546

    Isabela

6,553 454

    Jayuya

2,822 517

    Juana Diaz

6,352 447

    Juncos

6,631 891

    Lajas

3,074 325

    Lares

3,721 333

    Las Marias

1,322 313

    Las Piedras

6,962 572

    Loiza

1,483 370

    Luquillo

1,957 403

    Manati

13,866 538

    Maricao

1,254 430

    Maunabo

1,295 557

    Mayaguez

30,670 461

    Moca

4,183 349

    Morovis

2,267 370

    Naguabo

2,190 386

    Naranjito

2,926 393

    Orocovis

3,103 356

    Patillas

1,647 389

    Penuelas

2,740 398

    Ponce

47,539 454

    Quebradillas

2,194 351

    Rincon

1,769 358

    Rio Grande

5,889 449

    Sabana Grande

3,136 353

    Salinas

3,479 467

    San German

9,389 424

    San Juan

244,976 634

    San Lorenzo

4,728 473

    San Sebastian

5,252 338

    Santa Isabel

5,320 420

    Toa Alta

3,532 408

    Toa Baja

12,754 452

    Trujillo Alto

10,354 338

    Utuado

3,873 417

    Vega Alta

4,509 412

    Vega Baja

7,922 501

    Vieques

1,846 405

    Villalba

3,377 567

    Yabucoa

2,884 370

    Yauco

5,942 389

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

Note: Includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs. Data are preliminary.
 

Table 3. Covered employment and wages by state, third quarter 2016
State Employment Average weekly wage (1)
September 2016 (thousands) Percent change, September 2015-16 Average weekly wage National ranking by level Percent change, third quarter 2015-16 National ranking by percent change

United States (2)

142,940.5 1.7 $1,027 -- 5.4 --

Alabama

1,923.8 1.5 870 36 4.9 38

Alaska

337.4 -2.6 1,055 12 1.2 49

Arizona

2,695.5 3.1 950 24 6.9 5

Arkansas

1,205.4 1.0 794 48 5.2 32

California

16,871.1 2.4 1,210 4 6.7 8

Colorado

2,576.5 2.6 1,062 10 5.6 23

Connecticut

1,674.2 0.3 1,204 5 5.0 34

Delaware

440.7 0.8 1,022 16 5.6 23

District of Columbia

759.2 1.7 1,728 1 3.8 45

Florida

8,320.2 3.7 905 29 6.2 14

Georgia

4,290.4 2.9 969 21 5.9 18

Hawaii

648.4 1.8 956 23 6.7 8

Idaho

703.7 3.5 782 50 6.3 12

Illinois

5,933.6 0.6 1,062 10 4.4 40

Indiana

3,025.9 1.8 866 37 5.9 18

Iowa

1,548.6 0.8 873 35 6.2 14

Kansas

1,377.2 0.5 857 39 5.9 18

Kentucky

1,880.2 1.5 857 39 6.5 10

Louisiana

1,908.8 -0.9 883 32 2.9 48

Maine

616.2 0.9 825 45 5.9 18

Maryland

2,648.1 1.4 1,124 8 5.3 30

Massachusetts

3,522.9 2.0 1,277 2 6.8 7

Michigan

4,292.2 2.1 976 19 5.9 18

Minnesota

2,849.5 1.6 1,053 13 6.4 11

Mississippi

1,126.9 0.7 739 51 4.7 39

Missouri

2,782.1 1.6 888 30 5.0 34

Montana

464.5 1.5 792 49 4.3 41

Nebraska

973.9 0.9 857 39 5.5 26

Nevada

1,300.7 3.8 949 25 10.1 1

New Hampshire

655.0 1.8 1,027 15 7.9 2

New Jersey

4,000.0 1.8 1,173 7 5.0 34

New Mexico

811.5 0.2 830 44 4.0 43

New York

9,216.6 1.6 1,222 3 3.5 46

North Carolina

4,290.3 2.3 909 28 5.3 30

North Dakota

423.2 -3.4 964 22 0.7 50

Ohio

5,347.3 1.1 924 26 5.4 27

Oklahoma

1,578.7 -1.3 854 42 3.5 46

Oregon

1,866.5 2.6 970 20 5.2 32

Pennsylvania

5,776.7 1.0 1,013 17 5.4 27

Rhode Island

481.1 0.8 990 18 7.6 3

South Carolina

2,008.6 2.5 832 43 5.6 23

South Dakota

424.2 1.1 809 47 7.0 4

Tennessee

2,918.8 2.5 912 27 5.4 27

Texas

11,830.7 1.3 1,042 14 4.3 41

Utah

1,407.4 3.8 881 33 6.3 12

Vermont

309.9 0.5 880 34 6.2 14

Virginia

3,801.0 1.0 1,063 9 5.0 34

Washington

3,278.9 3.0 1,188 6 6.9 5

West Virginia

691.5 -1.6 816 46 3.9 44

Wisconsin

2,850.1 1.0 885 31 6.2 14

Wyoming

274.8 -4.7 865 38 0.0 51

Puerto Rico

888.2 -0.4 524 (3) 2.3 (3)

Virgin Islands

37.4 1.4 778 (3) 5.9 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.
 

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, April 25, 2017