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News Release Information

22-1431-BOS
Thursday, June 30, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

County Employment And Wages In Maine — Fourth Quarter 2021

Employment rose in Maine’s only large county, Cumberland, 2.1 percent from December 2020 to December 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (Large counties are those with annual average employment levels of 75,000 or more in 2020.) Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that Cumberland’s employment gain ranked 291st among the 343 large U.S. counties (See table 1.)

National employment increased 5.2 percent over the year, with 334 of the 343 largest U.S. counties reporting gains. Clark, NV, had the largest over-the-year increase in employment with a gain of 13.3 percent. Hinds, MS, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment with a loss of 0.9 percent.

Employment in Cumberland County stood at 182,900 in December 2021 and accounted for 29.8 percent of total employment within the state. Within Cumberland County’s private industry, health care and social assistance accounted for the largest employment. Nationwide, the 343 largest counties made up 72.4 percent of total U.S. employment.

Employment and wage levels (but not over-the-year changes) are also available for the 15 counties in Maine with employment below 75,000. Wage levels in all of these smaller counties were below the national average of $1,418 in the fourth quarter of 2021. (See table 2.)

Large County Wage Changes

Cumberland County reported an average weekly wage gain from the fourth quarter of 2020 to the fourth quarter of 2021 of 5.9 percent. This matched the national rate (+5.9 percent). Among the 343 largest counties in the United States, 334 had over-the-year wage increases. Palm Beach, FL, had the largest percentage wage increase (+15.6 percent). Kitsap, WA, had the largest over-the-year percentage decrease (-5.5 percent).

Large County Average Weekly Wages

Weekly wages in Cumberland County were below the national average of $1,418 in the fourth quarter of 2021. The county’s average weekly wage of $1,355 was ranked 111th among the 343 large U.S. counties in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Among the largest U.S. counties, 84 reported average weekly wages above the U.S. average in the fourth quarter of 2021. Santa Clara, CA, had the highest average weekly wage at $4,005. Average weekly wages were below the national average in the remaining 259 counties. At $826 a week, Hidalgo, TX, had the lowest average weekly wage.

Average Weekly Wages in Maine’s Smaller Counties

All 15 smaller counties in Maine—those with employment below 75,000—had average weekly wages lower than the national average of $1,418. York reported the highest average weekly wage among the small counties in the state at $1,145 per week. Franklin ($881) reported the lowest weekly wages.

When all 16 counties in Maine were considered, all had weekly wages that were lower than the national average. Six had wages of $999 or lower, three had wages from $1,000 to $1,049, five had wages from $1,050 to $1,099 and two had wages of $1,100 or more. (See chart 1.) The highest-paid counties were located in the southwest portion of the state within the Portland-South Portland Metropolitan Area.

Additional Statistics and other Information

QCEW data for states have been included in this release in table 3. For additional information about quarterly employment and wages data, please read the Technical Note or visit www.bls.gov/cew.

Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online features comprehensive information by detailed industry on establishments, employment, and wages for the nation and all states. This publication is typically published in September of the following year of the reference period or shortly after the QCEW first quarter full data update. The Employment and Wages Annual Averages Online is available at www.bls.gov/cew/publications/employment-and-wages-annual-averages/.

The County Employment and Wages release for first quarter 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 24, 2022. The County Employment and Wages full data update for first quarter 2022 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, September 7, 2022.


Technical Note

Average weekly wage data by county are compiled under the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, also known as the ES-202 program. The data are derived from summaries of employment and total pay of workers covered by state and federal unemployment insurance (UI) legislation and provided by State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). The average weekly wage values are calculated by dividing quarterly total wages by the average of the three monthly employment levels of those covered by UI programs. The result is then divided by 13, the number of weeks in a quarter. It is to be noted, therefore, that over-the-year wage changes for geographic areas may reflect shifts in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and such other factors as hours of work. Thus, wages may vary among counties, metropolitan areas, or states for reasons other than changes in the average wage level. Data for all states, Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), counties, and the nation are available on the BLS web site at www.bls.gov/cew. However, data in QCEW press releases have been revised and may not match the data contained on the Bureau’s web site.

QCEW data are not designed as a time series. QCEW data are simply the sums of individual establishment records reflecting the number of establishments that exist in a county or industry at a point in time. Establishments can move in or out of a county or industry for a number of reasons–some reflecting economic events, others reflecting administrative changes.

The preliminary QCEW data presented in this release may differ from data released by the individual states as well as from the data presented on the BLS web site. These potential differences result from the states’ continuing receipt, review and editing of UI data over time. On the other hand, differences between data in this release and the data found on the BLS web site are the result of adjustments made to improve over-the-year comparisons. Specifically, these adjustments account for administrative (noneconomic) changes such as a correction to a previously reported location or industry classification. Adjusting for these administrative changes allows users to more accurately assess changes of an economic nature (such as a firm moving from one county to another or changing its primary economic activity) over a 12-month period. Currently, adjusted data are available only from BLS press releases.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Covered establishments, employment, and wages in the United States and the largest county in Maine, fourth quarter 2021
Area Establishments,
fourth quarter
(thousands)
Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2021
(thousands)
Percent change,
December
2020–21 (2)
National ranking
by percent change (3)
Fourth quarter
2021
National ranking
by level (3)
Percent change,
fourth quarter
2020–21 (2)
National ranking
by percent change (3)

United States (4)

11,194.1 148,293.6 5.2 -- $1,418 -- 5.9 --

Maine

59.7 613.7 3.3 -- 1,163 34 6.4 14

Cumberland

15.6 182.9 2.1 291 1,355 111 5.9 109

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Percent changes were computed from employment and pay data adjusted for noneconomic county reclassifications.
(3) Ranking does not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(4) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

Table 2. Covered establishments, employment, and wages in the United States and all counties in Maine, fourth quarter 2021
Area Establishments Employment December 2021 Average weekly wage (1)

United States (2)

11,194,120 148,293,597 $1,418

Maine

59,683 613,677 1,163

Androscoggin

3,306 47,552 1,058

Aroostook

2,312 25,338 939

Cumberland

15,646 182,941 1,355

Franklin

1,036 10,425 881

Hancock

2,777 20,847 1,008

Kennebec

3,984 59,697 1,099

Knox

2,134 16,659 1,065

Lincoln

1,643 10,458 967

Oxford

1,664 16,547 933

Penobscot

4,859 69,757 1,058

Piscataquis

574 5,534 901

Sagadahoc

1,206 16,598 1,074

Somerset

1,443 15,639 1,000

Waldo

1,306 11,180 1,007

Washington

1,095 10,064 916

York

7,641 72,240 1,145

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

Table 3. Covered establishments, employment, and wages by state, fourth quarter 2021
State Establishments,
fourth quarter
(thousands)
Employment Average weekly wage (1)
December 2021
(thousands)
Percent change,
December
2020–21
Fourth quarter
2021
National ranking
by level
Percent change,
fourth quarter
2020–21
National ranking
by percent change

United States (2)

11,194.1 148,293.6 5.2 $1,418 -- 5.9 --

Alabama

141.2 2,007.0 3.1 1,153 36 4.9 34

Alaska

24.1 299.4 3.1 1,311 19 4.1 43

Arizona

190.2 3,057.8 5.1 1,281 23 5.5 27

Arkansas

97.0 1,236.1 3.4 1,064 49 6.4 14

California

1,701.9 17,622.2 7.4 1,804 4 4.8 37

Colorado

232.9 2,776.4 6.2 1,484 10 7.8 3

Connecticut

134.0 1,639.9 3.9 1,611 6 3.9 45

Delaware

37.0 452.0 4.5 1,337 16 5.9 23

District of Columbia

46.1 749.4 5.1 2,320 1 1.0 50

Florida

834.7 9,241.1 6.7 1,297 20 9.7 2

Georgia

351.2 4,629.8 5.0 1,292 21 7.0 9

Hawaii

50.4 613.8 9.2 1,229 28 0.8 51

Idaho

81.8 802.3 5.1 1,111 42 7.4 6

Illinois

400.5 5,877.3 5.4 1,473 11 6.9 11

Indiana

179.4 3,089.3 3.4 1,153 36 7.0 9

Iowa

107.3 1,527.4 2.2 1,157 35 5.3 30

Kansas

92.5 1,381.0 2.4 1,132 41 5.8 24

Kentucky

136.5 1,919.8 4.5 1,110 43 5.0 33

Louisiana

146.1 1,853.9 2.9 1,142 40 6.0 21

Maine

59.7 613.7 3.3 1,163 34 6.4 14

Maryland

178.1 2,648.4 3.9 1,499 9 3.8 46

Massachusetts

281.8 3,556.9 5.5 1,832 2 3.7 47

Michigan

274.9 4,250.8 6.3 1,291 22 2.7 49

Minnesota

191.0 2,823.7 5.2 1,378 13 4.0 44

Mississippi

78.5 1,147.3 2.4 944 51 4.8 37

Missouri

226.1 2,804.8 2.9 1,179 33 4.5 40

Montana

56.7 489.0 4.6 1,108 44 7.1 8

Nebraska

77.5 978.5 1.5 1,144 38 6.1 19

Nevada

98.3 1,432.6 11.5 1,246 25 5.8 24

New Hampshire

61.2 662.2 3.9 1,580 7 12.3 1

New Jersey

315.6 4,123.7 6.8 1,563 8 3.0 48

New Mexico

66.5 819.1 6.5 1,097 47 4.4 41

New York

674.4 9,195.8 5.8 1,829 3 6.8 13

North Carolina

324.7 4,646.6 4.7 1,241 26 7.8 3

North Dakota

33.3 407.9 3.4 1,192 31 4.9 34

Ohio

318.8 5,352.6 2.9 1,221 29 5.2 31

Oklahoma

117.8 1,604.5 2.1 1,080 48 6.9 11

Oregon

173.4 1,915.0 4.8 1,332 17 6.1 19

Pennsylvania

379.7 5,807.9 4.5 1,352 15 5.1 32

Rhode Island

44.1 475.5 5.7 1,315 18 4.4 41

South Carolina

155.8 2,147.9 3.5 1,101 46 6.4 14

South Dakota

37.6 435.5 2.7 1,108 44 5.7 26

Tennessee

191.7 3,123.3 3.9 1,258 24 7.3 7

Texas

779.4 13,012.7 6.1 1,376 14 6.3 17

Utah

126.9 1,624.1 4.3 1,231 27 6.2 18

Vermont

28.7 298.7 4.3 1,189 32 4.9 34

Virginia

303.4 3,918.0 3.1 1,424 12 4.8 37

Washington

276.1 3,427.0 6.3 1,683 5 6.0 21

West Virginia

54.7 674.4 3.1 1,053 50 5.5 27

Wisconsin

194.0 2,832.6 2.4 1,202 30 5.4 29

Wyoming

28.8 267.2 2.7 1,143 39 7.7 5

Puerto Rico

48.2 935.3 6.8 645 (3) 3.9 (3)

Virgin Islands

3.4 35.0 -0.4 1,090 (3) 3.0 (3)

Footnotes:
(1) Average weekly wages were calculated using unrounded data.
(2) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
(3) Data not included in the national ranking.

Note: Data are preliminary. Covered employment and wages includes workers covered by Unemployment Insurance (UI) and Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) programs.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 30, 2022