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News Release Information

21-852-BOS
Monday, May 10, 2021

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Boston Area Employment — March 2021

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,571,500 in March 2021, down 215,100 over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted the local rate of job loss, 7.7 percent, compared to the 4.4-percent national decline. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the- year analysis is used throughout.)

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions¾separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA Metropolitan Division, which made up nearly 68 percent of the area’s total nonfarm employment, lost 159,300 jobs from March 2020 to March 2021. The other divisions for which data are published also lost jobs over the year.

Industry employment

In the greater Boston area, leisure and hospitality had the largest job loss (-76,200). (See chart 2.) The 29.9-percent decline in Boston’s leisure and hospitality supersector compared to the 14.4-percent loss on a national level.

Education and health services, the largest supersector in the Boston area, lost 46,500 jobs over the year. The 7.7-percent decline in Boston’s education and health services supersector compared to a 3.9-percent decline nationally. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton division lost 34,400 jobs, or 74 percent of the local area’s employment loss in this industry. Within the Boston division, employment in the educational services sector was down 18,600 and employment in the healthcare and social assistance sector was down 15,800.

Trade, transportation, and utilities lost 22,400 jobs over the year in the local area. The local area had a 5.4- percent loss compared to the 1.9-percent decline for the nation.

The other services supersector in the Boston area lost 17,900 jobs over the year. The local area had a 17.6-percent loss compared to the 5.2-percent decline for the nation.

Two other supersectors in the local area had significant job losses: manufacturing (-7,900) and information (-4,800).

Employment in the twelve largest metropolitan areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in March 2021. All 12 areas lost jobs over the year. New York-Newark-Jersey City had the largest decline (-932,900). Phoenix-Mesa- Scottsdale had the smallest loss (-53,300) among the largest areas. (See table 2 and chart 3.)

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA had a 9.6-percent rate of job loss, followed by San Francisco-Hayward- Oakland and New York (-9.5 percent each). The rates of job losses in the remaining nine areas ranged from 7.7 percent in Boston to 2.4 percent in Phoenix.

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.

The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment release for April 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 2, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on March 2021 Establishment Survey Data

BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes, the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the February final and March preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model. In addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.

In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount monthly.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/ces-20110307.pdf.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing, total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/bmrk_article.htm.

Area definitions  The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions¾subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include: Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Framingham, MA; Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH; Lowell- Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA; Nashua, NH-MA; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA; Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA; and select cities and towns within. (See https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm#71650 for full definitions.)

Additional information

Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Mar
2020
Jan
2021
Feb
2021
Mar
2021(p)
Change from Mar
2020 to Mar 2021
Net change Percent change

U.S.

Total nonfarm

149,952 140,980 142,133 143,309 -6,643 -4.4

Mining and logging

669 593 589 609 -60 -9.0

Construction

7,297 7,067 7,008 7,204 -93 -1.3

Manufacturing

12,672 12,142 12,206 12,271 -401 -3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,423 26,957 26,803 26,899 -524 -1.9

Information

2,888 2,648 2,672 2,681 -207 -7.2

Financial activities

8,805 8,733 8,732 8,751 -54 -0.6

Professional and business services

21,050 20,291 20,449 20,546 -504 -2.4

Educational and health services

24,471 23,105 23,388 23,520 -951 -3.9

Leisure and hospitality

15,745 12,576 13,065 13,428 -2,317 -14.7

Other services

5,805 5,415 5,457 5,506 -299 -5.2

Government

23,127 21,453 21,764 21,894 -1,233 -5.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,786.6 2,532.1 2,556.4 2,571.5 -215.1 -7.7

Mining, logging, and construction

117.1 114.1 111.8 112.9 -4.2 -3.6

Manufacturing

185.8 175.2 176.4 177.9 -7.9 -4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

417.7 399.7 395.3 395.3 -22.4 -5.4

Information

83.8 79.0 78.4 79.0 -4.8 -5.7

Financial activities

184.0 181.1 181.3 181.5 -2.5 -1.4

Professional and business services

514.1 496.0 502.2 502.4 -11.7 -2.3

Educational and health services

605.1 543.7 554.9 558.6 -46.5 -7.7

Leisure and hospitality

254.8 165.4 173.7 178.6 -76.2 -29.9

Other services

101.5 83.9 83.3 83.6 -17.9 -17.6

Government

322.7 294.0 299.1 301.7 -21.0 -6.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

Total nonfarm

1,895.4 1,707.1 1,726.2 1,736.1 -159.3 -8.4

Mining, logging, and construction

71.5 69.4 67.8 67.9 -3.6 -5.0

Manufacturing

76.8 71.6 72.4 73.3 -3.5 -4.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

247.6 234.3 231.0 230.8 -16.8 -6.8

Information

64.5 61.2 60.8 61.3 -3.2 -5.0

Financial activities

153.6 151.5 151.7 151.7 -1.9 -1.2

Professional and business services

396.4 380.9 385.8 386.7 -9.7 -2.4

Educational and health services

439.2 392.7 402.5 404.8 -34.4 -7.8

Leisure and hospitality

176.1 102.4 109.4 112.8 -63.3 -35.9

Other services

67.4 55.1 54.6 54.8 -12.6 -18.7

Government

202.3 188.0 190.2 192.0 -10.3 -5.1
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Mar
2020
Jan
2021
Feb
2021
Mar
2021(p)
Mar 2020 to
Mar 2021(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States(1)

Total nonfarm

149,952 140,980 142,133 143,309 -6,643 -4.4

Mining and logging

669 593 589 609 -60 -9.0

Construction

7,297 7,067 7,008 7,204 -93 -1.3

Manufacturing

12,672 12,142 12,206 12,271 -401 -3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,423 26,957 26,803 26,899 -524 -1.9

Information

2,888 2,648 2,672 2,681 -207 -7.2

Financial activities

8,805 8,733 8,732 8,751 -54 -0.6

Professional and business services

21,050 20,291 20,449 20,546 -504 -2.4

Education and health services

24,471 23,105 23,388 23,520 -951 -3.9

Leisure and hospitality

15,745 12,576 13,065 13,428 -2,317 -14.7

Other services

5,805 5,415 5,457 5,506 -299 -5.2

Government

23,127 21,453 21,764 21,894 -1,233 -5.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,853.7 2,697.6 2,713.3 2,728.1 -125.6 -4.4

Mining and logging

1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

131.1 126.3 128.3 130.7 -0.4 -0.3

Manufacturing

171.1 162.9 163.7 163.7 -7.4 -4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

600.7 588.4 589.3 589.1 -11.6 -1.9

Information

104.6 97.9 98.9 100.1 -4.5 -4.3

Financial activities

180.7 178.8 178.9 179.8 -0.9 -0.5

Professional and business services

549.9 530.3 531.4 534.0 -15.9 -2.9

Education and health services

375.6 354.2 360.2 362.0 -13.6 -3.6

Leisure and hospitality

292.6 236.7 241.9 246.5 -46.1 -15.8

Other services

105.4 91.8 91.2 91.5 -13.9 -13.2

Government

340.3 328.6 327.8 329.0 -11.3 -3.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,786.6 2,532.1 2,556.4 2,571.5 -215.1 -7.7

Mining, logging, and construction

117.1 114.1 111.8 112.9 -4.2 -3.6

Manufacturing

185.8 175.2 176.4 177.9 -7.9 -4.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

417.7 399.7 395.3 395.3 -22.4 -5.4

Information

83.8 79.0 78.4 79.0 -4.8 -5.7

Financial activities

184.0 181.1 181.3 181.5 -2.5 -1.4

Professional and business services

514.1 496.0 502.2 502.4 -11.7 -2.3

Education and health services

605.1 543.7 554.9 558.6 -46.5 -7.7

Leisure and hospitality

254.8 165.4 173.7 178.6 -76.2 -29.9

Other services

101.5 83.9 83.3 83.6 -17.9 -17.6

Government

322.7 294.0 299.1 301.7 -21.0 -6.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,674.9 4,287.4 4,312.8 4,343.7 -331.2 -7.1

Mining and logging

1.8 1.4 1.4 1.5 -0.3 -16.7

Construction

163.4 148.5 145.6 156.2 -7.2 -4.4

Manufacturing

415.0 389.6 393.9 392.8 -22.2 -5.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

934.9 917.3 907.2 905.9 -29.0 -3.1

Information

77.9 71.0 71.1 70.4 -7.5 -9.6

Financial activities

318.4 313.7 314.4 313.4 -5.0 -1.6

Professional and business services

808.5 772.5 771.3 769.4 -39.1 -4.8

Education and health services

744.1 692.2 700.7 703.5 -40.6 -5.5

Leisure and hospitality

460.8 297.0 315.7 332.9 -127.9 -27.8

Other services

193.7 175.2 174.6 176.9 -16.8 -8.7

Government

556.4 509.0 516.9 520.8 -35.6 -6.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,819.2 3,701.8 3,694.6 3,723.2 -96.0 -2.5

Mining, logging, and construction

225.7 216.4 214.6 218.4 -7.3 -3.2

Manufacturing

290.1 280.8 279.4 281.6 -8.5 -2.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

799.4 810.5 807.6 809.2 9.8 1.2

Information

82.2 79.1 79.2 79.2 -3.0 -3.6

Financial activities

325.8 326.4 327.0 328.5 2.7 0.8

Professional and business services

649.7 645.2 636.0 643.1 -6.6 -1.0

Education and health services

468.8 449.6 449.7 452.5 -16.3 -3.5

Leisure and hospitality

389.2 330.8 332.9 342.5 -46.7 -12.0

Other services

126.2 114.0 113.8 115.7 -10.5 -8.3

Government

462.1 449.0 454.4 452.5 -9.6 -2.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,174.2 2,952.3 2,965.0 2,999.2 -175.0 -5.5

Mining and logging

77.5 67.0 68.1 68.6 -8.9 -11.5

Construction

237.1 198.3 199.6 206.1 -31.0 -13.1

Manufacturing

233.6 205.6 208.0 207.5 -26.1 -11.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

625.7 620.0 621.5 624.7 -1.0 -0.2

Information

32.1 28.7 28.7 28.6 -3.5 -10.9

Financial activities

168.3 162.8 162.1 162.6 -5.7 -3.4

Professional and business services

511.1 479.7 477.3 486.7 -24.4 -4.8

Education and health services

411.6 393.6 395.1 397.5 -14.1 -3.4

Leisure and hospitality

330.0 282.9 283.2 295.2 -34.8 -10.5

Other services

117.2 104.9 103.2 105.7 -11.5 -9.8

Government

430.0 408.8 418.2 416.0 -14.0 -3.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

6,221.2 5,492.7 5,574.5 5,626.5 -594.7 -9.6

Mining and logging

2.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 -0.4 -17.4

Construction

252.7 247.8 247.9 247.4 -5.3 -2.1

Manufacturing

494.1 445.0 448.0 449.1 -45.0 -9.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,088.7 1,045.5 1,042.0 1,048.3 -40.4 -3.7

Information

259.0 197.1 200.8 204.2 -54.8 -21.2

Financial activities

339.8 323.3 322.8 322.8 -17.0 -5.0

Professional and business services

955.6 883.8 895.1 903.7 -51.9 -5.4

Education and health services

1,097.8 1,039.7 1,051.2 1,053.8 -44.0 -4.0

Leisure and hospitality

749.2 458.4 508.7 531.8 -217.4 -29.0

Other services

210.9 153.1 157.9 162.2 -48.7 -23.1

Government

771.1 697.1 698.2 701.3 -69.8 -9.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,731.4 2,542.4 2,560.6 2,571.3 -160.1 -5.9

Mining and logging

0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.0 0.0

Construction

141.9 137.4 138.1 139.4 -2.5 -1.8

Manufacturing

91.1 86.2 87.8 87.9 -3.2 -3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

611.8 580.0 576.6 580.5 -31.3 -5.1

Information

50.6 46.0 46.5 46.6 -4.0 -7.9

Financial activities

191.4 187.2 187.5 188.4 -3.0 -1.6

Professional and business services

450.1 438.5 443.4 442.7 -7.4 -1.6

Education and health services

418.7 395.2 399.2 399.0 -19.7 -4.7

Leisure and hospitality

334.7 263.4 269.6 274.4 -60.3 -18.0

Other services

118.3 106.0 107.1 107.9 -10.4 -8.8

Government

322.0 301.7 304.0 303.7 -18.3 -5.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,855.8 8,767.6 8,828.7 8,922.9 -932.9 -9.5

Mining, logging, and construction

402.3 359.7 343.8 355.4 -46.9 -11.7

Manufacturing

352.7 325.9 327.5 330.8 -21.9 -6.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,699.3 1,553.1 1,532.8 1,536.3 -163.0 -9.6

Information

315.3 281.7 287.0 291.4 -23.9 -7.6

Financial activities

786.4 756.7 755.7 755.0 -31.4 -4.0

Professional and business services

1,567.3 1,434.8 1,451.7 1,465.8 -101.5 -6.5

Education and health services

2,110.0 1,917.6 1,957.1 1,977.2 -132.8 -6.3

Leisure and hospitality

865.6 525.4 546.7 571.4 -294.2 -34.0

Other services

410.8 341.0 342.0 344.3 -66.5 -16.2

Government

1,346.1 1,271.7 1,284.4 1,295.3 -50.8 -3.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,965.3 2,732.2 2,757.8 2,779.1 -186.2 -6.3

Mining, logging, and construction

117.8 110.3 111.0 111.7 -6.1 -5.2

Manufacturing

182.2 172.1 172.6 172.6 -9.6 -5.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

522.0 506.3 503.2 506.1 -15.9 -3.0

Information

53.3 49.1 49.5 49.7 -3.6 -6.8

Financial activities

218.0 214.4 214.3 213.7 -4.3 -2.0

Professional and business services

467.4 449.0 452.0 456.2 -11.2 -2.4

Education and health services

679.1 626.5 639.0 642.3 -36.8 -5.4

Leisure and hospitality

259.3 177.4 184.6 191.8 -67.5 -26.0

Other services

120.5 103.1 103.0 104.1 -16.4 -13.6

Government

345.7 324.0 328.6 330.9 -14.8 -4.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,218.0 2,140.5 2,155.0 2,164.7 -53.3 -2.4

Mining and logging

3.3 2.8 2.8 2.8 -0.5 -15.2

Construction

136.5 132.0 130.4 133.1 -3.4 -2.5

Manufacturing

136.0 133.4 134.4 135.4 -0.6 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

415.7 424.0 428.0 429.6 13.9 3.3

Information

40.7 37.5 38.0 37.1 -3.6 -8.8

Financial activities

205.5 203.3 203.6 202.7 -2.8 -1.4

Professional and business services

369.2 361.4 362.2 362.1 -7.1 -1.9

Education and health services

350.9 344.5 346.2 347.7 -3.2 -0.9

Leisure and hospitality

237.9 195.1 199.7 203.8 -34.1 -14.3

Other services

69.8 65.9 67.0 67.5 -2.3 -3.3

Government

252.5 240.6 242.7 242.9 -9.6 -3.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,477.4 2,202.5 2,227.5 2,242.5 -234.9 -9.5

Mining and logging

0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 -0.1 -25.0

Construction

127.6 122.1 122.2 122.2 -5.4 -4.2

Manufacturing

145.7 140.6 141.9 141.6 -4.1 -2.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

366.3 336.9 335.0 335.1 -31.2 -8.5

Information

134.4 134.6 134.0 134.6 0.2 0.1

Financial activities

145.4 138.1 137.3 136.6 -8.8 -6.1

Professional and business services

501.4 477.2 482.4 485.9 -15.5 -3.1

Education and health services

373.3 347.2 353.9 356.1 -17.2 -4.6

Leisure and hospitality

271.1 141.5 153.5 159.8 -111.3 -41.1

Other services

87.0 65.2 66.4 67.8 -19.2 -22.1

Government

324.8 298.8 300.6 302.5 -22.3 -6.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,336.0 3,115.9 3,125.0 3,147.8 -188.2 -5.6

Mining, logging, and construction

163.3 158.7 156.4 159.8 -3.5 -2.1

Manufacturing

55.9 54.1 55.0 55.3 -0.6 -1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

402.0 391.4 386.0 385.0 -17.0 -4.2

Information

77.1 73.1 72.7 72.4 -4.7 -6.1

Financial activities

159.4 152.5 152.4 151.9 -7.5 -4.7

Professional and business services

782.5 759.9 764.1 769.5 -13.0 -1.7

Education and health services

454.9 421.6 427.2 427.9 -27.0 -5.9

Leisure and hospitality

317.6 220.6 221.8 230.3 -87.3 -27.5

Other services

207.6 187.9 187.8 188.6 -19.0 -9.2

Government

715.7 696.1 701.6 707.1 -8.6 -1.2

Footnotes
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, May 10, 2021