News Release Information

17-358-BOS
Friday, March 24, 2017

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Boston Area Employment — January 2017

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,690,900 in January 2017, up 59,100 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that nonfarm employment rose 2.2 percent locally from January a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.5 percent.(See chart 1 and table 1; Technical note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions – separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton metropolitan division, which made up 67 percent of the workforce, gained 46,700 jobs from January 2016 to January 2017. Seven divisions for which data are published also added jobs over the year. The Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem and Lynn- Saugus- Marblehead metropolitan divisions lost jobs over the year.

 

Industry employment

Education and health services, the largest industry in the Boston area, had the largest local employment gain, adding 25,100 jobs from January 2016 to January 2017. The 4.5-percent rate of local job growth in this supersector outpaced the 2.3-percent gain nationwide.

Professional and business services had the next largest annual employment gain in the Boston area from January 2016, adding 12,500 jobs. The 2.8-percent rate of job growth in Boston’s professional and business services supersector matched the nationwide gain.

The financial activities and government supersectors added 6,400 and 5,100 jobs respectively. The rates of local job growth in both supersectors outpaced the respective national gains.  

 

Four other supersectors in the Boston area gained at least 1,000 jobs over the year—leisure and hospitality (+4,900), trade, transportation, and utilities (+4,100), other services (+2,200), and information (+1,300). The local rates of job growth in leisure and hospitality and in trade, transportation, and utilities were similar to the national rates. The local rate of job growth in other services, at 2.2 percent, outpaced the 1.1-percent national increase. In information, local area employment increased 1.7 percent, while employment in this supersector declined 0.1 percent nationally.

Employment in the 12 Largest Metropolitan Areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2017. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with 9 exceeding the national average of 1.5 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 4.0 percent, followed by Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell at 3.7 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (0.3 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (0.5 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 158,000, followed by Dallas (+135,400) and Atlanta (+96,800). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 9,300 jobs, followed by Chicago, which added 22,600 jobs.

 

The New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs over the year, 158,000, followed by Dallas (+135,400) and Atlanta (96,800). Houston had the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 9,300 jobs, followed by Chicago which added 22,600 jobs.

Over the year, education and health services added the most jobs in six areas: Boston, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, New York, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward. Manufacturing lost the most jobs over the year in four areas: Boston, Houston, Los Angeles, and New York.

Metropolitan area employment data for February 2017 are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 24, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include:  Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Framingham, MA; Haverhill- Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH; Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA; Nashua, NH-MA; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA; Taunton- Middleborough-Norton, MA; and select cities and towns within.  

 

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry Jan 2016 Nov 2016 Dec 2016 Jan 2017(p) Jan 2016 to Jan 2017(p)
Net change Percent change

U.S.

 

Total nonfarm

141,088 146,393 146,158 143,261 2,173 1.5

Mining and logging

721 673 669 662 -59 -8.2

Construction

6,252 6,869 6,660 6,414 162 2.6

Manufacturing

12,293 12,328 12,341 12,261 -32 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,907 27,819 28,090 27,235 328 1.2

Information

2,724 2,780 2,775 2,722 -2 -0.1

Financial activities

8,152 8,337 8,373 8,342 190 2.3

Professional and business services

19,539 20,564 20,521 20,088 549 2.8

Educational and health services

22,193 23,074 23,023 22,707 514 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

14,747 15,466 15,394 15,027 280 1.9

Other services

5,580 5,705 5,676 5,640 60 1.1

Government

21,980 22,778 22,636 22,163 183 0.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,631.8 2,739.5 2,741.4 2,690.9 59.1 2.2

Mining, logging, and construction

101.8 109.8 107.5 101.5 -0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing

187.7 187.2 187.4 185.5 -2.2 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

420.0 428.4 433.6 424.1 4.1 1.0

Information

77.6 77.7 78.8 78.9 1.3 1.7

Financial activities

183.5 187.4 188.6 189.9 6.4 3.5

Professional and business services

452.5 477.1 475.8 465.0 12.5 2.8

Educational and health services

556.3 584.5 586.0 581.4 25.1 4.5

Leisure and hospitality

246.4 262.6 260.0 251.3 4.9 2.0

Other services

98.1 101.7 100.9 100.3 2.2 2.2

Government

307.9 323.1 322.8 313.0 5.1 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

 

Total nonfarm

1,765.8 1,842.9 1,845.1 1,812.5 46.7 2.6

Mining, logging, and construction

62.6 65.9 65.0 61.2 -1.4 -2.2

Manufacturing

79.7 79.9 79.8 78.7 -1.0 -1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

247.4 252.9 256.0 250.1 2.7 1.1

Information

57.4 58.2 59.1 59.3 1.9 3.3

Financial activities

152.4 156.1 157.1 158.4 6.0 3.9

Professional and business services

338.5 357.6 357.0 349.0 10.5 3.1

Educational and health services

397.1 419.5 421.0 416.6 19.5 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

170.2 182.3 180.4 173.8 3.6 2.1

Other services

64.8 67.5 66.7 66.2 1.4 2.2

Government

195.7 203.0 203.0 199.2 3.5 1.8

(p) preliminary

 
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jan 2016 Nov 2016 Dec 2016 Jan 2017(p) Jan 2016 to Jan 2017(p)
Net change Percent change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,602.0 2,729.1 2,735.8 2,698.8 96.8 3.7

Mining and logging

1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 0.1 5.9

Construction

109.1 119.9 119.1 117.7 8.6 7.9

Manufacturing

160.4 163.6 163.5 163.1 2.7 1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

584.4 606.2 614.7 599.4 15.0 2.6

Information

91.9 96.6 98.9 98.0 6.1 6.6

Financial activities

163.4 170.0 169.0 170.7 7.3 4.5

Professional and business services

476.8 506.9 506.9 498.5 21.7 4.6

Education and health services

326.8 341.9 340.3 338.0 11.2 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

266.6 289.3 288.9 285.2 18.6 7.0

Other services

95.4 99.0 98.5 97.0 1.6 1.7

Government

325.5 333.9 334.2 329.4 3.9 1.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

 

Total nonfarm

2,631.8 2,739.5 2,741.4 2,690.9 59.1 2.2

Mining, logging, and construction

101.8 109.8 107.5 101.5 -0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing

187.7 187.2 187.4 185.5 -2.2 -1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

420.0 428.4 433.6 424.1 4.1 1.0

Information

77.6 77.7 78.8 78.9 1.3 1.7

Financial activities

183.5 187.4 188.6 189.9 6.4 3.5

Professional and business services

452.5 477.1 475.8 465.0 12.5 2.8

Education and health services

556.3 584.5 586.0 581.4 25.1 4.5

Leisure and hospitality

246.4 262.6 260.0 251.3 4.9 2.0

Other services

98.1 101.7 100.9 100.3 2.2 2.2

Government

307.9 323.1 322.8 313.0 5.1 1.7

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,542.4 4,705.6 4,683.8 4,565.0 22.6 0.5

Mining and logging

1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 0.0 0.0

Construction

149.1 176.6 163.1 154.8 5.7 3.8

Manufacturing

412.2 414.1 413.1 411.2 -1.0 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

930.2 959.8 975.0 937.4 7.2 0.8

Information

80.2 80.5 81.3 80.5 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

293.9 298.4 300.5 302.0 8.1 2.8

Professional and business services

799.5 833.7 820.3 794.1 -5.4 -0.7

Education and health services

704.6 727.6 718.8 709.5 4.9 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

440.8 460.8 458.4 443.0 2.2 0.5

Other services

192.2 191.9 191.1 190.2 -2.0 -1.0

Government

538.3 560.6 560.6 540.9 2.6 0.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,422.8 3,583.3 3,593.6 3,558.2 135.4 4.0

Mining, logging, and construction

197.9 209.9 208.6 207.7 9.8 5.0

Manufacturing

263.0 266.4 266.1 266.1 3.1 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

734.3 774.3 783.0 766.3 32.0 4.4

Information

81.1 83.0 83.1 82.1 1.0 1.2

Financial activities

276.9 286.4 288.6 289.4 12.5 4.5

Professional and business services

564.6 596.9 598.5 588.7 24.1 4.3

Education and health services

422.2 436.3 435.7 436.0 13.8 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

345.3 369.8 370.0 367.9 22.6 6.5

Other services

116.6 123.3 122.6 122.9 6.3 5.4

Government

420.9 437.0 437.4 431.1 10.2 2.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,976.8 3,021.6 3,036.0 2,986.1 9.3 0.3

Mining and logging

95.2 85.7 86.3 86.6 -8.6 -9.0

Construction

216.5 215.4 214.9 208.3 -8.2 -3.8

Manufacturing

231.6 217.9 222.1 222.1 -9.5 -4.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

609.0 618.3 627.3 608.9 -0.1 0.0

Information

32.2 33.1 33.4 32.5 0.3 0.9

Financial activities

153.3 155.9 156.6 154.9 1.6 1.0

Professional and business services

466.9 473.0 472.5 465.9 -1.0 -0.2

Education and health services

372.2 385.7 387.5 383.1 10.9 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

300.0 314.4 313.1 310.3 10.3 3.4

Other services

106.3 107.2 107.2 107.1 0.8 0.8

Government

393.6 415.0 415.1 406.4 12.8 3.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,878.4 6,074.9 6,064.6 5,957.8 79.4 1.4

Mining and logging

4.4 4.0 4.0 3.9 -0.5 -11.4

Construction

223.5 232.1 228.9 221.9 -1.6 -0.7

Manufacturing

517.8 514.3 515.2 508.9 -8.9 -1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,083.4 1,121.7 1,132.4 1,095.1 11.7 1.1

Information

249.6 262.7 253.4 245.7 -3.9 -1.6

Financial activities

333.0 338.3 340.3 339.1 6.1 1.8

Professional and business services

885.8 919.8 911.5 899.0 13.2 1.5

Education and health services

953.5 990.0 988.1 986.2 32.7 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

696.2 731.1 730.0 708.1 11.9 1.7

Other services

198.6 207.6 206.8 207.2 8.6 4.3

Government

732.6 753.3 754.0 742.7 10.1 1.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,552.7 2,643.4 2,651.4 2,624.0 71.3 2.8

Mining and logging

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

116.2 124.8 125.1 122.0 5.8 5.0

Manufacturing

87.0 88.7 89.3 89.2 2.2 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

589.3 607.9 614.2 600.4 11.1 1.9

Information

48.6 49.5 49.4 48.8 0.2 0.4

Financial activities

174.4 175.4 176.3 173.8 -0.6 -0.3

Professional and business services

415.2 436.6 434.0 428.5 13.3 3.2

Education and health services

374.3 388.7 389.4 390.2 15.9 4.2

Leisure and hospitality

318.3 329.1 331.9 330.7 12.4 3.9

Other services

122.8 127.5 128.4 128.4 5.6 4.6

Government

305.9 314.5 312.7 311.3 5.4 1.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,272.4 9,678.4 9,697.0 9,430.4 158.0 1.7

Mining, logging, and construction

362.6 388.8 380.9 365.2 2.6 0.7

Manufacturing

364.7 364.5 363.5 355.8 -8.9 -2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,710.1 1,776.4 1,798.6 1,730.4 20.3 1.2

Information

280.2 290.9 291.8 286.1 5.9 2.1

Financial activities

763.2 767.2 770.1 765.9 2.7 0.4

Professional and business services

1,464.2 1,550.2 1,547.1 1,499.8 35.6 2.4

Education and health services

1,816.4 1,915.5 1,924.9 1,890.2 73.8 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

828.1 883.4 879.8 842.0 13.9 1.7

Other services

407.5 417.2 418.3 412.6 5.1 1.3

Government

1,275.4 1,324.3 1,322.0 1,282.4 7.0 0.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,797.4 2,931.5 2,933.6 2,864.5 67.1 2.4

Mining, logging, and construction

106.0 116.7 112.6 107.7 1.7 1.6

Manufacturing

177.6 177.7 178.5 177.5 -0.1 -0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

516.8 538.8 546.5 527.4 10.6 2.1

Information

46.3 46.3 46.9 46.3 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

209.2 212.5 214.4 212.0 2.8 1.3

Professional and business services

447.2 470.9 467.6 456.3 9.1 2.0

Education and health services

606.0 645.3 644.7 633.7 27.7 4.6

Leisure and hospitality

240.1 258.4 258.0 248.8 8.7 3.6

Other services

116.2 120.1 119.9 118.6 2.4 2.1

Government

332.0 344.8 344.5 336.2 4.2 1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,940.6 2,023.4 2,032.6 1,987.8 47.2 2.4

Mining and logging

3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

100.4 104.2 104.7 103.7 3.3 3.3

Manufacturing

120.4 120.9 122.2 121.8 1.4 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

380.8 402.8 403.4 387.3 6.5 1.7

Information

36.0 36.0 35.8 35.5 -0.5 -1.4

Financial activities

170.3 179.2 180.0 180.1 9.8 5.8

Professional and business services

332.4 349.9 355.0 340.6 8.2 2.5

Education and health services

288.0 297.0 299.1 297.7 9.7 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

211.7 220.8 221.4 220.9 9.2 4.3

Other services

63.4 61.9 62.6 61.0 -2.4 -3.8

Government

234.0 247.5 245.2 236.0 2.0 0.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,286.2 2,385.2 2,392.9 2,344.4 58.2 2.5

Mining and logging

0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.0 0.0

Construction

106.9 116.8 114.2 111.5 4.6 4.3

Manufacturing

130.2 131.8 132.6 131.3 1.1 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

372.0 388.9 395.1 377.6 5.6 1.5

Information

95.2 101.1 102.2 100.5 5.3 5.6

Financial activities

139.3 144.4 146.0 144.6 5.3 3.8

Professional and business services

460.3 478.4 478.8 468.9 8.6 1.9

Education and health services

329.7 344.1 344.6 342.7 13.0 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

255.9 267.1 267.8 260.0 4.1 1.6

Other services

83.5 86.4 86.2 84.8 1.3 1.6

Government

312.3 325.2 324.5 321.6 9.3 3.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,162.6 3,267.8 3,269.8 3,217.4 54.8 1.7

Mining, logging, and construction

151.3 156.1 153.4 152.6 1.3 0.9

Manufacturing

52.9 54.4 54.1 53.2 0.3 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

400.4 414.6 420.0 404.4 4.0 1.0

Information

75.0 72.8 72.0 71.7 -3.3 -4.4

Financial activities

154.6 157.7 155.9 154.6 0.0 0.0

Professional and business services

719.9 746.9 745.1 737.6 17.7 2.5

Education and health services

430.5 441.4 440.9 437.5 7.0 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

300.3 321.6 324.9 316.6 16.3 5.4

Other services

191.1 196.0 196.0 193.0 1.9 1.0

Government

686.6 706.3 707.5 696.2 9.6 1.4

(p) preliminary

 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, March 24, 2017