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News Release Information

22-1103-BOS
Thursday, June 02, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Boston Area Employment — April 2022

Total nonfarm employment for the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH, metropolitan area increased by 132,100 over the year in April, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See chart 1 and table 1.) Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted that the local rate of job gain, 5.0 percent, compared to the 4.6-percent national increase. (All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH, includes 10 metropolitan divisions--separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA, which made up 68 percent of the metropolitan area’s total nonfarm employment, gained 105,000 jobs from April 2021 to April 2022. Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH (+7,400); Nashua, NH-MA (+5,800); and Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, MA-NH (+3,500), made up 5.8, 4.8, and 2.9 percent of the area’s employment, respectively.

Industry employment

In Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH, leisure and hospitality had the largest gain (+45,100) among the metropolitan area’s private-industry supersectors. (See chart 2.) The 23.0-percent increase in the metropolitan area’s leisure and hospitality supersector compared to the 14.1-percent gain on a national level. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA, division gained 37,100 jobs in leisure and hospitality, or 82 percent of the metropolitan area’s employment gain in this industry, and 30,200 of those jobs were in the accommodation and food services sector.

Professional and business services added 32,700 jobs over the year in the metropolitan area, a 6.4-percent gain compared to the 5.7-percent gain for the nation.

Education and health services, the largest supersector in the metropolitan area, gained 17,000 jobs over the year. The 2.9-percent rise in this supersector compared to a 2.6-percent gain nationally. The Boston- Cambridge-Newton, MA, division gained 14,500 jobs, or 85 percent of the metropolitan area’s employment gain in this industry.

Significant job gains were also recorded in trade, transportation, and utilities (+13,400), manufacturing (+7,000), and other services (+6,100).

Employment in the twelve largest metropolitan areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH, was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in April 2022. All 12 areas gained jobs over the year. New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA, had the largest increase (+483,900). Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ, had the smallest gain (+82,800) among the largest areas. (See table 2 and chart 3.)

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX had a 7.4-percent rate of job gain, followed by Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (+6.7 percent). The rates of job increase in the remaining ten areas ranged from 6.0 percent in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA, to 3.2 percent in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV.

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.

The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment release for May 2022 is scheduled to be released on June 29, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the CES program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions.Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria. For some employment series, the estimates are produced with a model that uses direct sample estimates (described above) combined with other regressors to decrease volatility in estimation.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/bmrk_article.htm.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal totals shown in the same tables due to rounding.

Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm.

Area definitions  The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018. The 12metropolitanareasdiscussedinthisreleasearethemetropolitan areas with the largest population according to the U.S. Census Bureau.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions--subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include: Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Framingham, MA; Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH; Lowell- Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA; Nashua, NH-MA; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA; Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA; and select cities and towns within.

Additional information

Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States, Boston metropolitan area, and its largest division, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryApr
2021
Feb
2022
Mar
2022
Apr
2022(p)
Change from Apr
2021 to Apr 2022(p)
Net changePercent change

U.S.

Total nonfarm

144,358149,143149,912150,9836,6254.6

Mining and logging

5495906006085910.7

Construction

7,3227,2857,3957,5592373.2

Manufacturing

12,17812,58012,63212,6795014.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,15228,33028,36128,3721,2204.5

Information

2,7822,9012,9292,9451635.9

Financial activities

8,7068,8458,8558,9001942.2

Professional and business services

20,93021,81021,92022,1181,1885.7

Educational and health services

23,72024,14224,24524,3346142.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,42114,71714,93915,3181,89714.1

Other services

5,3575,5845,6075,6492925.5

Government

22,24122,35922,42922,5012601.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,642.22,715.42,733.92,774.3132.15.0

Mining, logging, and construction

120.2120.4121.9126.66.45.3

Manufacturing

177.4181.0182.1184.47.03.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

393.2404.4405.3406.613.43.4

Information

81.283.283.984.93.74.6

Financial activities

181.7179.2179.7178.9-2.8-1.5

Professional and business services

511.7526.4530.6544.432.76.4

Educational and health services

585.6597.2603.2602.617.02.9

Leisure and hospitality

196.5221.7225.4241.645.123.0

Other services

88.993.893.995.06.16.9

Government

305.8308.1307.9309.33.51.1

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

Total nonfarm

1,791.91,851.21,865.61,896.9105.05.9

Mining, logging, and construction

71.971.872.876.04.15.7

Manufacturing

73.975.576.377.63.75.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

228.8237.1237.5239.610.84.7

Information

63.466.166.667.54.16.5

Financial activities

151.2149.2149.7149.0-2.2-1.5

Professional and business services

394.0407.6410.5421.327.36.9

Educational and health services

429.3439.6445.2443.814.53.4

Leisure and hospitality

127.3148.4151.4164.437.129.1

Other services

58.462.162.162.94.57.7

Government

193.7193.8193.5194.81.10.6

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
AreaApr
2021
Feb
2022
Mar
2022
Apr
2022(p)
Apr 2021 to
Apr 2022(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States(1)

Total nonfarm

144,358149,143149,912150,9836,6254.6

Mining and logging

5495906006085910.7

Construction

7,3227,2857,3957,5592373.2

Manufacturing

12,17812,58012,63212,6795014.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,15228,33028,36128,3721,2204.5

Information

2,7822,9012,9292,9451635.9

Financial activities

8,7068,8458,8558,9001942.2

Professional and business services

20,93021,81021,92022,1181,1885.7

Education and health services

23,72024,14224,24524,3346142.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,42114,71714,93915,3181,89714.1

Other services

5,3575,5845,6075,6492925.5

Government

22,24122,35922,42922,5012601.2

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,764.92,922.22,938.12,949.0184.16.7

Mining and logging

1.81.91.91.90.15.6

Construction

129.7130.3131.3130.71.00.8

Manufacturing

165.3173.8174.8174.79.45.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

588.7631.1633.1633.845.17.7

Information

105.5115.2117.8119.914.413.6

Financial activities

182.5192.0191.4191.69.15.0

Professional and business services

542.3583.2585.5591.749.49.1

Education and health services

365.4384.7386.9387.321.96.0

Leisure and hospitality

256.4276.6280.0282.526.110.2

Other services

97.2100.8101.7101.13.94.0

Government

330.1332.6333.7333.83.71.1

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,642.22,715.42,733.92,774.3132.15.0

Mining, logging, and construction

120.2120.4121.9126.66.45.3

Manufacturing

177.4181.0182.1184.47.03.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

393.2404.4405.3406.613.43.4

Information

81.283.283.984.93.74.6

Financial activities

181.7179.2179.7178.9-2.8-1.5

Professional and business services

511.7526.4530.6544.432.76.4

Education and health services

585.6597.2603.2602.617.02.9

Leisure and hospitality

196.5221.7225.4241.645.123.0

Other services

88.993.893.995.06.16.9

Government

305.8308.1307.9309.33.51.1

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,457.64,582.94,611.54,647.5189.94.3

Mining and logging

1.61.71.71.90.318.8

Construction

172.4156.9162.6176.74.32.5

Manufacturing

399.6404.6407.1409.710.12.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

912.4951.6950.4947.334.93.8

Information

72.677.277.478.05.47.4

Financial activities

313.8313.9316.7314.20.40.1

Professional and business services

802.3828.3834.5836.534.24.3

Education and health services

717.8724.1726.9729.411.61.6

Leisure and hospitality

369.7412.8419.3435.365.617.7

Other services

179.4185.0185.2186.57.14.0

Government

516.0526.8529.7532.016.03.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,779.73,999.14,020.64,057.6277.97.4

Mining, logging, and construction

218.5222.8227.0231.513.05.9

Manufacturing

283.2290.0293.2294.211.03.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

814.4872.6877.1876.962.57.7

Information

80.685.685.885.54.96.1

Financial activities

335.4357.6360.5360.024.67.3

Professional and business services

667.5727.3722.7737.369.810.5

Education and health services

458.2477.0482.0483.124.95.4

Leisure and hospitality

351.0388.6391.5404.653.615.3

Other services

118.0125.0127.3129.911.910.1

Government

452.9452.6453.5454.61.70.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

3,028.63,162.53,168.63,198.3169.75.6

Mining and logging

59.865.367.268.48.614.4

Construction

209.5215.3218.8222.513.06.2

Manufacturing

211.0217.7219.3220.39.34.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

618.7654.2656.9660.241.56.7

Information

28.531.531.531.63.110.9

Financial activities

167.3170.9171.3172.55.23.1

Professional and business services

495.5513.7505.6512.817.33.5

Education and health services

405.9425.4426.5431.225.36.2

Leisure and hospitality

301.9324.0326.5332.030.110.0

Other services

107.6109.9110.9110.42.82.6

Government

422.9434.6434.1436.413.53.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

5,805.76,088.46,116.66,139.4333.75.7

Mining and logging

2.12.02.02.0-0.1-4.8

Construction

253.0255.5258.5254.31.30.5

Manufacturing

457.3466.1468.5469.512.22.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,051.11,092.41,089.31,088.137.03.5

Information

224.5251.8250.8253.128.612.7

Financial activities

329.1323.2324.8326.8-2.3-0.7

Professional and business services

943.7979.0978.5983.439.74.2

Education and health services

1,074.51,111.41,119.41,116.842.33.9

Leisure and hospitality

574.7683.4695.7712.1137.423.9

Other services

177.6195.0197.5199.421.812.3

Government

718.1728.6731.6733.915.82.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,624.72,758.62,758.02,767.9143.25.5

Mining and logging

0.80.90.90.90.112.5

Construction

139.7140.3141.6143.33.62.6

Manufacturing

88.992.193.694.05.15.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

591.8635.2633.0633.241.47.0

Information

48.752.252.252.13.47.0

Financial activities

193.0201.2200.3203.010.05.2

Professional and business services

459.6482.5479.3483.924.35.3

Education and health services

408.0416.6417.0413.75.71.4

Leisure and hospitality

280.9318.1320.1324.143.215.4

Other services

109.8114.1115.0115.96.15.6

Government

303.5305.4305.0303.80.30.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

9,157.49,453.29,530.69,641.3483.95.3

Mining, logging, and construction

385.1369.6376.5387.01.90.5

Manufacturing

331.1336.0339.0339.18.02.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,562.41,627.61,633.31,632.870.44.5

Information

299.8317.9318.3319.319.56.5

Financial activities

761.9767.7770.6773.111.21.5

Professional and business services

1,508.71,562.31,574.01,599.590.86.0

Education and health services

2,020.72,034.82,054.82,073.953.22.6

Leisure and hospitality

643.1761.7782.3819.3176.227.4

Other services

362.7388.5390.4398.535.89.9

Government

1,281.91,287.11,291.41,298.816.91.3

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,840.52,907.02,925.12,948.9108.43.8

Mining, logging, and construction

119.5115.1117.4121.01.51.3

Manufacturing

172.0176.7177.0177.75.73.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

513.8535.8536.5536.622.84.4

Information

47.948.548.749.21.32.7

Financial activities

216.4217.5218.3218.21.80.8

Professional and business services

470.1480.2485.3492.922.84.9

Education and health services

649.7655.6657.0660.811.11.7

Leisure and hospitality

210.2230.5235.7243.933.716.0

Other services

109.9115.7116.5116.26.35.7

Government

331.0331.4332.7332.41.40.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,193.02,270.82,267.82,275.882.83.8

Mining and logging

2.62.93.03.00.415.4

Construction

138.0140.9141.9141.13.12.2

Manufacturing

135.8141.4141.1143.57.75.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

428.5457.9457.9454.425.96.0

Information

38.840.939.640.82.05.2

Financial activities

216.0215.0213.4213.3-2.7-1.3

Professional and business services

368.8379.4377.0379.210.42.8

Education and health services

344.3351.7353.8355.110.83.1

Leisure and hospitality

208.9226.7226.7230.922.010.5

Other services

67.170.970.770.63.55.2

Government

244.2243.1242.7243.9-0.3-0.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,293.52,402.12,421.02,431.9138.46.0

Mining and logging

0.40.40.40.40.00.0

Construction

122.8123.7124.7124.01.21.0

Manufacturing

145.8151.3153.0152.76.94.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

340.9356.5356.9356.815.94.7

Information

137.0142.6143.8143.66.64.8

Financial activities

138.8142.1141.2141.42.61.9

Professional and business services

484.0507.7512.4516.832.86.8

Education and health services

363.0370.9373.3371.88.82.4

Leisure and hospitality

181.8215.4220.0226.344.524.5

Other services

71.679.680.882.510.915.2

Government

307.4311.9314.5315.68.22.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

3,182.63,252.43,269.33,286.0103.43.2

Mining, logging, and construction

160.8160.4163.1162.71.91.2

Manufacturing

54.655.055.355.50.91.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

386.9400.9400.3399.212.33.2

Information

75.676.577.276.61.01.3

Financial activities

156.7152.7152.9152.5-4.2-2.7

Professional and business services

780.4787.1793.3795.515.11.9

Education and health services

428.2428.2430.6435.97.71.8

Leisure and hospitality

238.2282.2287.1296.458.224.4

Other services

193.2194.4195.0197.03.82.0

Government

708.0715.0714.5714.76.70.9

Footnotes
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 02, 2022