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News Release Information

21-1270-BOS
Tuesday, July 06, 2021

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Technical information:
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Boston Area Employment — May 2021

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,630,300 in May 2021, up 252,900 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of LaborStatistics reported today. Regional Commissioner William J. Sibley noted the local rate of job gain, 10.6 percent, compared to the 9.0-percent national rise. (See table 1 and chart 1; Technical note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the- year analysis is used throughout.)

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua area includes 10 metropolitan divisions - separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA Metropolitan Division, which made up nearly 68 percent of the workforce, gained 161,600 jobs from May 2020 to May 2021. The other divisions also added jobs over the year.

Industry employment

In the greater Boston area, leisure and hospitality had the largest job gain (+74,800). (See chart 2.) The 56.3-

percent rise in Boston’s leisure and hospitality supersector compared to the 41.7-percent gain on a national level. 

Trade, transportation, and utilities added 57,100 jobs over the year in the local area. The local area had a 16.7- percent gain compared to the 8.8-percent increase for the nation.

Education and health services, the largest supersector in the Boston area, gained 32,900 jobs over the year. The 6.3-percent rise in this supersector compared to a 6.4-percent gain nationally. The Boston- Cambridge-Newton division gained 19,700 jobs, or 60 percent of the local area’s employment gain in this industry.  Within the supersector, employment in the healthcare and social assistance sector was up 25,200 in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton division.

Professional and business services added 30,800 in the area over the year. The Boston-Cambridge-Newton division gained 20,900 jobs, or 68 percent of the local area’s employment gain in this industry. Within the supersector, employment in the administrative and support and waste management and remediation services increased by 12,900 in the Boston-Cambridge-Newton division.

The mining, logging and construction supersector in the Boston area gained 25,200 jobs over the year.  Significant job gains were also recorded in the other services and manufacturing supersectors, up 17,900 and 6,100 jobs, respectively.  

Employment in the twelve largest metropolitan areas

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in May 2021. All 12 areas gained jobs over the year. New York-Newark-Jersey City had the largest increase (+878,700). San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (+131,900) and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (+132,900) had the smallest gains among the largest areas. (See table 2 and chart 3.)

New York-Newark-Jersey City had a 10.7-percent rate of job gain, followed by Boston (10.6 percent) and Philadelphia (10.4 percent). The rates of job gain in the remaining nine areas ranged from 8.6 percent in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim to 4.8 percent in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land.

Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.
Total nonfarm employment in the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. Metropolitan New England City and Town Area stood at 2,813,000 in July 2018, up 62,200 from one year ago, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that local nonfarm employment rose 2.3 percent from July a year ago. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.6 percent.

The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment release for June 2021 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 28, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on May 2021 Establishment Survey Data

BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes, the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program uses a model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship between business births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with zero employment are not included in estimation. For the April final and May preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model. In addition for both months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports that returned to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.

In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount monthly.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2017 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/ces-20110307.pdf.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Changes in metropolitan area nonfarm payroll employment are cited in the analysis of this release only if they have been determined to be statistically significant at the 90-percent confidence level. Measures of sampling error for the total nonfarm employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states at the supersector level and for the private service-providing, goods-producing, total private and total nonfarm levels are available on the BLS website at https://www.bls.gov/web/laus/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/bmrk_article.htm.

Area definitions  The substate area data published in this news release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on April 10, 2018.

Areas in the six New England states are defined as Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based and identified as metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions.  However, for comparative purposes, the Boston NECTA and its divisions have been referred to as a metropolitan area and metropolitan divisions. 

The Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH Metropolitan New England City and Town Area (NECTA) includes 10 NECTA divisions¾subdivisions of the larger NECTA which function as distinct social, economic, and cultural areas within the larger region. The NECTA divisions that compose the Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH NECTA include: Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA; Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA; Framingham, MA; Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury town, MA-NH; Lawrence-Methuen town-Salem, MA-NH; Lowell- Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH; Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, MA; Nashua, NH-MA; Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA; Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA; and select cities and towns within. (See https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/msa_def.htm#71650 for full definitions.)

Additional information

Employment data from the CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800)-877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Boston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and IndustryMay
2020
Mar
2021
Apr
2021
May
2021(p)
Change from May
2020 to May 2021
Net changePercent change

U.S.

Total nonfarm

133,419143,315144,397145,36911,9509.0

Mining and logging

602610612618162.7

Construction

7,0707,2037,3657,4774075.8

Manufacturing

11,62912,26712,22612,2826535.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,83026,89726,84527,0192,1898.8

Information

2,5852,6752,6952,7161315.1

Financial activities

8,5938,7508,7708,7811882.2

Professional and business services

19,23820,54920,71020,7651,5277.9

Educational and health services

22,15323,51823,59723,5381,3856.3

Leisure and hospitality

10,30313,44814,02014,6114,30841.8

Other services

4,7975,5045,5675,60480716.8

Government

21,61921,89421,99021,9583391.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

Total nonfarm

2,377.42,572.32,611.52,630.3252.910.6

Mining, logging, and construction

96.9113.2117.4122.125.226.0

Manufacturing

172.2177.9178.2178.36.13.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

342.4396.2397.3399.557.116.7

Information

78.278.779.679.41.21.5

Financial activities

178.6181.6182.7183.04.42.5

Professional and business services

487.2502.8514.8518.030.86.3

Educational and health services

521.0558.5560.4553.932.96.3

Leisure and hospitality

132.9178.6193.2207.774.856.3

Other services

68.083.685.285.917.926.3

Government

300.0301.2302.7302.52.50.8

Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA division

Total nonfarm

1,614.81,735.91,763.91,776.4161.610.0

Mining, logging, and construction

56.268.168.972.716.529.4

Manufacturing

70.573.373.674.03.55.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

198.3231.6232.4233.535.217.8

Information

59.761.161.861.51.83.0

Financial activities

149.1151.9152.7152.93.82.5

Professional and business services

376.8386.7395.9397.720.95.5

Educational and health services

380.8404.5406.4400.519.75.2

Leisure and hospitality

87.3112.6124.6135.548.255.2

Other services

45.754.855.756.110.422.8

Government

190.4191.3191.9192.01.60.8
Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
AreaMay
2020
Mar
2021
Apr
2021
May
2021(p)
May 2020 to
May 2021(p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States(1)

Total nonfarm

133,419143,315144,397145,36911,9509.0

Mining and logging

602610612618162.7

Construction

7,0707,2037,3657,4774075.8

Manufacturing

11,62912,26712,22612,2826535.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,83026,89726,84527,0192,1898.8

Information

2,5852,6752,6952,7161315.1

Financial activities

8,5938,7508,7708,7811882.2

Professional and business services

19,23820,54920,71020,7651,5277.9

Education and health services

22,15323,51823,59723,5381,3856.3

Leisure and hospitality

10,30313,44814,02014,6114,30841.8

Other services

4,7975,5045,5675,60480716.8

Government

21,61921,89421,99021,9583391.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

Total nonfarm

2,561.22,730.12,733.32,748.7187.57.3

Mining and logging

1.61.71.61.60.00.0

Construction

126.2130.4130.8128.72.52.0

Manufacturing

157.8163.1165.5168.010.26.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

550.9590.2582.4582.331.45.7

Information

89.699.7100.9101.311.713.1

Financial activities

175.8180.4179.4178.83.01.7

Professional and business services

502.5534.3537.7539.937.47.4

Education and health services

341.1362.7365.1368.527.48.0

Leisure and hospitality

200.9247.1246.7254.954.026.9

Other services

86.591.693.696.49.911.4

Government

328.3328.9329.6328.30.00.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,377.42,572.32,611.52,630.3252.910.6

Mining, logging, and construction

96.9113.2117.4122.125.226.0

Manufacturing

172.2177.9178.2178.36.13.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

342.4396.2397.3399.557.116.7

Information

78.278.779.679.41.21.5

Financial activities

178.6181.6182.7183.04.42.5

Professional and business services

487.2502.8514.8518.030.86.3

Education and health services

521.0558.5560.4553.932.96.3

Leisure and hospitality

132.9178.6193.2207.774.856.3

Other services

68.083.685.285.917.926.3

Government

300.0301.2302.7302.52.50.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

Total nonfarm

4,136.14,345.94,401.64,439.8303.77.3

Mining and logging

1.81.51.61.7-0.1-5.6

Construction

165.3155.2168.5172.77.44.5

Manufacturing

387.7392.5389.9390.93.20.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

840.4907.7909.7916.676.29.1

Information

72.270.370.270.3-1.9-2.6

Financial activities

310.5313.8314.7314.94.41.4

Professional and business services

750.2772.0784.8788.137.95.1

Education and health services

668.8703.8704.9704.535.75.3

Leisure and hospitality

269.0331.4352.7370.7101.737.8

Other services

158.5176.8178.6179.521.013.2

Government

511.7520.9526.0529.918.23.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

Total nonfarm

3,499.13,728.13,736.63,759.3260.27.4

Mining, logging, and construction

218.6218.5215.2215.7-2.9-1.3

Manufacturing

272.4281.6279.8280.98.53.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

758.3812.5810.6813.254.97.2

Information

76.779.278.879.73.03.9

Financial activities

320.0328.2326.5328.48.42.6

Professional and business services

603.0642.8647.9651.348.38.0

Education and health services

431.2452.7450.8453.522.35.2

Leisure and hospitality

280.2341.9352.9361.281.028.9

Other services

100.2115.5115.8119.018.818.8

Government

438.5455.2458.3456.417.94.1

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

Total nonfarm

2,898.03,000.23,018.03,037.7139.74.8

Mining and logging

67.769.569.569.82.13.1

Construction

215.5208.1207.5206.9-8.6-4.0

Manufacturing

220.2208.5207.7207.0-13.2-6.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

587.7624.3623.1624.236.56.2

Information

28.428.628.528.50.10.4

Financial activities

161.9163.4162.5163.71.81.1

Professional and business services

474.0485.3490.8493.419.44.1

Education and health services

384.2396.7396.8402.618.44.8

Leisure and hospitality

248.7292.4305.2312.764.025.7

Other services

93.2107.2109.6111.318.119.4

Government

416.5416.2416.8417.61.10.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

Total nonfarm

5,300.45,632.95,695.85,755.9455.58.6

Mining and logging

1.91.91.91.90.00.0

Construction

242.6248.7251.1249.67.02.9

Manufacturing

446.4449.7450.8455.28.82.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

928.81,045.81,040.11,044.5115.712.5

Information

186.8204.8204.8205.218.49.9

Financial activities

320.8323.2323.6323.72.90.9

Professional and business services

859.8903.0909.7917.457.66.7

Education and health services

1,008.31,054.61,063.71,071.463.16.3

Leisure and hospitality

425.9536.7574.7603.6177.741.7

Other services

149.7160.4167.1168.618.912.6

Government

729.4704.1708.3714.8-14.6-2.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

Total nonfarm

2,389.92,573.32,575.42,583.3193.48.1

Mining and logging

0.80.80.80.80.00.0

Construction

137.7139.9138.0139.61.91.4

Manufacturing

85.087.887.787.52.52.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

535.2578.9574.7576.641.47.7

Information

45.446.146.346.61.22.6

Financial activities

183.0188.1189.2189.46.43.5

Professional and business services

414.5444.3447.0447.733.28.0

Education and health services

384.4401.2401.1401.216.84.4

Leisure and hospitality

198.7274.1277.8280.081.340.9

Other services

96.3108.4110.2110.714.415.0

Government

308.9303.7302.6303.2-5.7-1.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

Total nonfarm

8,216.68,922.39,003.19,095.3878.710.7

Mining, logging, and construction

321.2354.2366.9371.250.015.6

Manufacturing

302.0331.0331.0333.231.210.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,339.31,538.61,538.81,557.2217.916.3

Information

278.9290.1289.3294.215.35.5

Financial activities

751.2754.2754.0753.32.10.3

Professional and business services

1,404.91,471.51,490.31,497.892.96.6

Education and health services

1,818.41,978.11,983.01,986.7168.39.3

Leisure and hospitality

426.6569.9609.0656.5229.953.9

Other services

287.0345.5348.1352.565.522.8

Government

1,287.11,289.21,292.71,292.75.60.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

Total nonfarm

2,557.02,774.62,802.12,822.9265.910.4

Mining, logging, and construction

107.0112.1114.9117.910.910.2

Manufacturing

167.1172.1173.3172.85.73.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

445.8506.7508.1510.164.314.4

Information

49.049.750.650.71.73.5

Financial activities

212.3213.6215.2216.44.11.9

Professional and business services

432.1453.2458.2461.229.16.7

Education and health services

602.8641.4643.3640.637.86.3

Leisure and hospitality

133.1191.7203.1218.985.864.5

Other services

78.9103.6105.0105.326.433.5

Government

328.9330.5330.4329.00.10.0

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

Total nonfarm

2,039.32,165.62,171.72,172.2132.96.5

Mining and logging

3.22.82.82.8-0.4-12.5

Construction

134.3133.1133.5134.50.20.1

Manufacturing

131.5135.4135.4136.04.53.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

388.9429.5427.9429.240.310.4

Information

36.237.036.636.60.41.1

Financial activities

202.2202.9204.1204.82.61.3

Professional and business services

349.6360.3362.3364.214.64.2

Education and health services

324.5348.0349.2348.223.77.3

Leisure and hospitality

165.4205.8209.2209.944.526.9

Other services

60.267.867.165.95.79.5

Government

243.3243.0243.6240.1-3.2-1.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

Total nonfarm

2,148.02,248.02,264.82,279.9131.96.1

Mining and logging

0.30.30.30.30.00.0

Construction

113.7122.9122.8126.913.211.6

Manufacturing

133.7141.6140.2140.97.25.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

309.3333.9333.2333.023.77.7

Information

131.8134.6135.2134.72.92.2

Financial activities

139.3138.0138.7139.60.30.2

Professional and business services

470.1486.6490.1488.118.03.8

Education and health services

335.8358.9358.5358.322.56.7

Leisure and hospitality

145.2160.3173.0187.342.129.0

Other services

62.268.268.967.65.48.7

Government

306.6302.7303.9303.2-3.4-1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Total nonfarm

2,979.93,144.33,175.33,187.0207.16.9

Mining, logging, and construction

156.7158.7159.8160.74.02.6

Manufacturing

51.955.155.355.53.66.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

344.4386.8387.7388.844.412.9

Information

73.172.673.873.50.40.5

Financial activities

154.0151.6152.8151.9-2.1-1.4

Professional and business services

754.5765.8773.0775.521.02.8

Education and health services

396.7429.8433.0433.536.89.3

Leisure and hospitality

170.6228.7242.1247.977.345.3

Other services

180.1188.2188.9190.110.05.6

Government

697.9707.0708.9709.611.71.7

Footnotes
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, July 06, 2021