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News Release Information

22-789-KAN
Thursday, May 05, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Utah — Third Quarter 2021

From June 2021 to September 2021, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Utah were 98,710, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 92,372, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Michael Hirniak noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment gain of 6,338 jobs in the private sector during the third quarter of 2021. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 12,150. (See chart 1.)  

 

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the third quarter of 2021, gross job gains represented 7.3 percent of private-sector employment in Utah; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 7.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Utah, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 78,479 in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 3,781 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 20,231 jobs gained in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 2,205 jobs from the previous quarter.

 

Gross job losses

In the third quarter of 2021, gross job losses represented 6.8 percent of private-sector employment in Utah; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.2 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 3.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Utah, contracting establishments lost 74,261 jobs in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 6,900 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 18,111 jobs, an increase of 4,898 jobs from the previous quarter.

 

Industries

Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Utah in the third quarter of 2021. Manufacturing had the largest over-the-quarter net job increase, with a gain of 1,376 jobs. This was the result of 6,467 gross job gains and 5,091 gross job losses. The leisure and hospitality industry had the second largest over-the-quarter net job gain with 1,272 jobs. Transportation and warehousing showed a net loss of 381 jobs, the only loss of any sector in the state. Net employment gains in the remaining eight industry sectors ranged from 925 in information, to 159 in construction.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2021 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 27, 2022.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Utah, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept
2021
Sept
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept
2021

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

114,757 104,801 94,104 92,724 98,710 9.1 8.1 7.1 6.9 7.3

At expanding establishments

93,628 84,504 76,368 74,698 78,479 7.4 6.5 5.8 5.6 5.8

At opening establishments

21,129 20,297 17,736 18,026 20,231 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.5

Gross job losses

78,612 71,466 80,546 80,574 92,372 6.3 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.8

At contracting establishments

63,724 57,513 67,030 67,361 74,261 5.1 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.5

At closing establishments

14,888 13,953 13,516 13,213 18,111 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3

Net employment change (2)

36,145 33,335 13,558 12,150 6,338 2.8 2.5 1.0 0.9 0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

9,937 13,240 11,967 9,485 10,408 8.7 11.4 9.8 7.7 8.6

At expanding establishments

7,985 10,568 9,442 7,280 7,965 7.0 9.1 7.7 5.9 6.6

At opening establishments

1,952 2,672 2,525 2,205 2,443 1.7 2.3 2.1 1.8 2.0

Gross job losses

10,929 8,408 8,224 11,248 10,249 9.7 7.2 6.7 9.1 8.6

At contracting establishments

9,047 6,631 6,664 9,364 7,982 8.0 5.7 5.4 7.6 6.7

At closing establishments

1,882 1,777 1,560 1,884 2,267 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.9

Net employment change (2)

-992 4,832 3,743 -1,763 159 -1.0 4.2 3.1 -1.4 0.0

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

6,123 6,529 6,707 5,637 6,467 4.5 4.8 4.8 4.0 4.4

At expanding establishments

5,418 5,912 6,053 5,119 5,706 4.0 4.3 4.3 3.6 3.9

At opening establishments

705 617 654 518 761 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

4,750 3,538 3,516 4,765 5,091 3.5 2.6 2.5 3.3 3.5

At contracting establishments

4,153 2,996 3,077 4,353 4,478 3.1 2.2 2.2 3.0 3.1

At closing establishments

597 542 439 412 613 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Net employment change (2)

1,373 2,991 3,191 872 1,376 1.0 2.2 2.3 0.7 0.9

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,856 3,327 2,896 3,060 3,160 7.3 6.2 5.3 5.6 5.7

At expanding establishments

3,215 2,742 2,288 2,464 2,437 6.1 5.1 4.2 4.5 4.4

At opening establishments

641 585 608 596 723 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3

Gross job losses

2,608 2,213 2,405 2,458 2,904 5.0 4.1 4.4 4.5 5.3

At contracting establishments

2,033 1,437 1,895 2,034 2,189 3.9 2.7 3.5 3.7 4.0

At closing establishments

575 776 510 424 715 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,248 1,114 491 602 256 2.3 2.1 0.9 1.1 0.4

Retail trade

Gross job gains

16,344 12,122 11,448 11,324 11,979 9.6 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.5

At expanding establishments

14,174 10,343 9,808 9,675 10,168 8.3 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.5

At opening establishments

2,170 1,779 1,640 1,649 1,811 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

9,455 8,900 9,631 9,918 11,410 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.5 6.2

At contracting establishments

7,960 7,643 8,000 8,898 10,080 4.6 4.4 4.5 4.9 5.5

At closing establishments

1,495 1,257 1,631 1,020 1,330 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7

Net employment change (2)

6,889 3,222 1,817 1,406 569 4.1 1.8 1.0 0.7 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

6,048 6,548 2,853 3,951 4,009 10.0 10.1 4.4 6.2 6.3

At expanding establishments

5,388 5,900 2,343 3,463 3,481 8.9 9.1 3.6 5.4 5.5

At opening establishments

660 648 510 488 528 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

3,107 2,762 5,978 3,890 4,390 5.1 4.3 9.3 6.2 6.9

At contracting establishments

2,637 2,308 5,628 3,472 3,954 4.3 3.6 8.8 5.5 6.2

At closing establishments

470 454 350 418 436 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

2,941 3,786 -3,125 61 -381 4.9 5.8 -4.9 0.0 -0.6

Information

Gross job gains

3,772 2,594 2,791 3,272 3,390 10.3 6.9 7.3 8.3 8.4

At expanding establishments

2,792 1,813 2,218 2,474 2,530 7.6 4.8 5.8 6.3 6.3

At opening establishments

980 781 573 798 860 2.7 2.1 1.5 2.0 2.1

Gross job losses

2,261 2,399 2,380 2,247 2,465 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.7 6.1

At contracting establishments

1,789 1,920 1,889 1,803 1,823 4.9 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5

At closing establishments

472 479 491 444 642 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.6

Net employment change (2)

1,511 195 411 1,025 925 4.1 0.5 1.1 2.6 2.3

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,285 6,206 5,383 6,744 5,862 6.7 6.6 5.7 7.0 6.0

At expanding establishments

4,578 4,308 3,991 5,032 4,041 4.9 4.6 4.2 5.2 4.1

At opening establishments

1,707 1,898 1,392 1,712 1,821 1.8 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.9

Gross job losses

5,393 4,677 4,783 4,454 5,674 5.7 4.9 5.0 4.6 5.8

At contracting establishments

4,052 3,432 3,303 3,479 4,084 4.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 4.2

At closing establishments

1,341 1,245 1,480 975 1,590 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.6

Net employment change (2)

892 1,529 600 2,290 188 1.0 1.7 0.7 2.4 0.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

20,925 21,768 17,956 17,077 19,402 9.4 9.5 7.8 7.4 8.4

At expanding establishments

15,957 16,895 14,071 12,888 14,007 7.2 7.4 6.1 5.6 6.1

At opening establishments

4,968 4,873 3,885 4,189 5,395 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.8 2.3

Gross job losses

16,245 14,887 15,443 16,008 18,859 7.3 6.6 6.7 6.9 8.2

At contracting establishments

12,833 11,524 12,069 12,531 14,012 5.8 5.1 5.2 5.4 6.1

At closing establishments

3,412 3,363 3,374 3,477 4,847 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 2.1

Net employment change (2)

4,680 6,881 2,513 1,069 543 2.1 2.9 1.1 0.5 0.2

Education and health services

Gross job gains

12,277 12,054 10,506 9,627 10,963 6.4 6.2 5.3 4.8 5.5

At expanding establishments

10,374 9,520 8,556 7,646 9,133 5.4 4.9 4.3 3.8 4.6

At opening establishments

1,903 2,534 1,950 1,981 1,830 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 0.9

Gross job losses

8,068 7,390 13,237 11,185 10,391 4.2 3.8 6.8 5.6 5.2

At contracting establishments

6,474 5,820 11,752 9,663 7,941 3.4 3.0 6.0 4.8 4.0

At closing establishments

1,594 1,570 1,485 1,522 2,450 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.2

Net employment change (2)

4,209 4,664 -2,731 -1,558 572 2.2 2.4 -1.5 -0.8 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

23,720 15,611 17,123 17,902 18,073 18.3 11.5 12.2 12.2 11.9

At expanding establishments

19,567 12,878 14,171 14,925 15,154 15.1 9.5 10.1 10.2 10.0

At opening establishments

4,153 2,733 2,952 2,977 2,919 3.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.9

Gross job losses

11,649 12,692 10,806 10,813 16,801 8.9 9.4 7.7 7.4 11.1

At contracting establishments

9,525 10,842 9,373 8,914 14,626 7.3 8.0 6.7 6.1 9.7

At closing establishments

2,124 1,850 1,433 1,899 2,175 1.6 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

12,071 2,919 6,317 7,089 1,272 9.4 2.1 4.5 4.8 0.8

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

3,736 3,135 2,947 3,219 3,190 11.1 9.1 8.4 8.9 8.7

At expanding establishments

2,693 2,237 2,289 2,558 2,338 8.0 6.5 6.5 7.1 6.4

At opening establishments

1,043 898 658 661 852 3.1 2.6 1.9 1.8 2.3

Gross job losses

2,452 2,408 2,423 2,388 2,919 7.2 7.0 6.9 6.6 8.0

At contracting establishments

1,765 1,931 1,873 1,798 2,100 5.2 5.6 5.3 5.0 5.8

At closing establishments

687 477 550 590 819 2.0 1.4 1.6 1.6 2.2

Net employment change (2)

1,284 727 524 831 271 3.9 2.1 1.5 2.3 0.7

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021
Sept.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
June
2021
Sept.
2021

United States(1)

9.5 7.4 6.8 6.7 7.2 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.9 6.2

Alabama

7.8 7.6 5.9 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.5 5.9 6.0 6.7

Alaska

12.2 13.4 11.0 9.5 10.4 9.8 7.7 9.4 9.2 9.5

Arizona

7.8 7.3 6.3 6.8 6.9 6.1 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.0

Arkansas

7.6 7.2 5.9 5.5 6.6 5.7 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.9

California

8.9 8.5 7.7 7.8 7.8 7.1 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.3

Colorado

10.1 7.5 8.6 7.8 8.1 6.4 7.2 5.6 6.4 7.0

Connecticut

11.4 6.6 6.3 6.6 6.8 5.1 5.9 5.3 5.9 6.0

Delaware

10.3 6.8 6.8 6.4 7.2 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.4 7.0

District of Columbia

8.2 5.3 5.5 7.0 7.9 5.7 5.5 5.3 5.4 4.8

Florida

9.5 8.0 6.9 7.8 9.2 6.7 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.0

Georgia

9.3 7.9 6.7 6.9 7.4 6.5 5.2 5.7 6.2 6.2

Hawaii

7.5 14.7 8.5 10.7 7.2 12.2 4.6 5.9 5.6 6.6

Idaho

8.4 8.7 8.1 7.2 7.7 6.4 6.1 5.7 7.2 7.3

Illinois

9.7 6.5 7.2 6.0 6.3 5.6 6.1 4.9 5.6 6.0

Indiana

8.3 6.8 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.2 5.0 5.1 6.0 5.8

Iowa

7.5 6.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.4 6.0 6.0

Kansas

7.9 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.6

Kentucky

9.0 7.3 7.3 6.4 6.6 5.1 6.1 5.1 6.5 6.5

Louisiana

9.1 8.7 6.4 6.8 6.9 7.0 5.6 5.9 6.2 8.6

Maine

12.3 8.5 9.0 7.7 7.8 6.0 6.3 6.3 7.8 8.0

Maryland

11.2 7.3 6.3 6.6 7.5 5.5 5.8 5.5 6.6 6.7

Massachusetts

12.4 7.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 5.4 5.5 5.0 5.7 5.9

Michigan

10.9 6.7 8.5 6.2 6.6 4.8 6.9 4.9 5.6 6.1

Minnesota

9.0 6.9 9.2 6.1 6.4 5.4 6.8 4.9 5.5 6.8

Mississippi

8.7 8.0 5.6 6.4 7.5 5.5 4.9 6.6 6.5 6.2

Missouri

8.5 7.1 6.3 6.0 6.7 5.7 5.2 5.3 6.3 6.1

Montana

9.9 9.4 8.8 8.3 8.4 7.2 6.8 6.9 8.1 8.3

Nebraska

8.2 6.8 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.5 6.2 6.0 6.6

Nevada

12.9 8.8 7.3 9.5 8.9 6.4 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8

New Hampshire

11.8 7.4 7.4 7.0 7.0 5.3 6.4 5.4 6.4 6.8

New Jersey

15.7 8.1 7.0 7.2 7.4 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1

New Mexico

8.5 7.3 8.5 7.1 7.9 6.1 7.5 5.7 6.6 6.3

New York

13.3 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.5 5.9 6.3 5.4 5.7 6.0

North Carolina

8.7 7.9 6.6 6.4 6.8 5.6 5.0 5.4 5.8 6.4

North Dakota

8.9 7.2 7.8 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.1 6.5 6.5 6.7

Ohio

7.8 6.6 6.1 5.9 6.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.8 6.0

Oklahoma

7.1 7.9 6.1 6.5 7.1 6.6 5.8 6.1 6.0 7.0

Oregon

9.0 7.4 8.5 6.6 7.0 6.3 6.5 5.6 6.6 6.5

Pennsylvania

10.3 6.2 6.4 5.6 6.2 4.9 5.3 4.6 5.3 5.3

Rhode Island

13.0 7.6 9.8 7.0 7.6 5.3 7.1 5.5 6.4 6.6

South Carolina

8.8 8.0 6.2 6.3 7.2 5.9 5.2 6.1 6.5 6.6

South Dakota

8.6 7.2 7.3 6.8 6.6 5.5 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.5

Tennessee

8.1 7.5 5.6 5.9 6.8 5.5 4.6 5.0 5.8 5.5

Texas

7.3 7.6 5.7 6.7 7.1 6.1 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.4

Utah

9.1 8.1 7.1 6.9 7.3 6.3 5.6 6.1 6.0 6.8

Vermont

12.9 7.6 8.2 8.4 7.9 5.8 8.0 6.1 6.8 7.5

Virginia

10.4 7.0 6.0 6.2 6.8 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.0 6.1

Washington

8.9 7.2 7.9 6.7 7.2 6.3 6.1 5.4 5.8 5.7

West Virginia

8.9 7.4 7.2 6.5 6.7 6.9 6.2 5.8 6.4 6.5

Wisconsin

7.6 6.3 5.8 5.8 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.7 5.4 5.8

Wyoming

10.8 10.0 9.1 8.8 8.9 7.7 7.7 8.3 8.5 8.6

Puerto Rico

11.1 6.6 6.6 7.7 8.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.1

Virgin Islands

7.8 9.9 7.4 10.6 7.4 12.5 5.8 10.8 6.2 8.5

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, May 05, 2022