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News Release Information

18-1006-KAN
Monday, June 11, 2018

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Technical information:
Media contact:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Utah – Third Quarter 2017

From June 2017 to September 2017, gross job gains in Utah totaled 82,619, while gross job losses numbered 75,903, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,716.  In the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 7,423.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The number of gross job gains in September was higher than in June and exceeded 80,000 for the third consecutive quarter. Gross job losses increased by 1,899 for the 3-months ended in September 2017, and were higher than in the prior two quarters. Gross job gains have exceeded gross job losses in each quarter since June 2010. (See chart 1.)

Gross job gains represented 6.8 percent of private sector employment in Utah in the quarter ended September 2017, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.0 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With one exception, the rate of gross job gains in Utah has been above the U.S. rate in each quarter since data were first published in 1992. The rate of gross job losses in Utah was 6.3 percent compared to the national rate of 6.1 percent. Utah’s rate has generally exceeded the U.S. rate each quarter since December 1995.

During the third quarter of 2017, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Utah. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross jobs losses by 3,254. While 16,355 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 13,101 were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2017. In education and health services, approximately 9,000 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and more than 7,000 jobs lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors. Within manufacturing, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 678. Nearly 4,500 jobs were added by opening and expanding establishments, but over 5,000 were lost in closing and contracting establishments.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics data for fourth quarter 2017 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 25, 2018.

Effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the Business Employment Dynamics

Hurricanes Irma and Maria made landfall in the United States on September 7 and September 20, 2017, respectively, during the BED third quarter reference period. These events did not cause changes to BED methodology. However, they did affect data collection in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. For more information, please visit the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) section of the following webpage: www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the quarterly QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Utah, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017
Sept
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept
2017

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

86,460 79,259 91,646 81,427 82,619 7.4 6.8 7.7 6.8 6.8

At expanding establishments

69,215 64,232 74,614 66,671 66,526 5.9 5.5 6.3 5.6 5.5

At opening establishments

17,245 15,027 17,032 14,756 16,093 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

77,794 75,963 72,367 74,004 75,903 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.3

At contracting establishments

61,802 61,349 60,207 60,693 62,718 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.2

At closing establishments

15,992 14,614 12,160 13,311 13,185 1.4 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

8,666 3,296 19,279 7,423 6,716 0.7 0.4 1.6 0.6 0.5

Construction

Gross job gains

8,499 9,324 11,772 9,559 8,358 9.3 10.2 12.3 9.7 8.6

At expanding establishments

6,571 7,340 9,687 7,889 6,343 7.2 8.0 10.1 8.0 6.5

At opening establishments

1,928 1,984 2,085 1,670 2,015 2.1 2.2 2.2 1.7 2.1

Gross job losses

8,912 8,172 6,849 8,819 8,152 9.8 9.0 7.1 9.0 8.4

At contracting establishments

7,460 6,560 5,393 6,784 6,820 8.2 7.2 5.6 6.9 7.0

At closing establishments

1,452 1,612 1,456 2,035 1,332 1.6 1.8 1.5 2.1 1.4

Net employment change (2)

-413 1,152 4,923 740 206 -0.5 1.2 5.2 0.7 0.2

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,674 4,569 5,233 4,687 4,495 3.7 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.5

At expanding establishments

4,239 4,106 4,791 3,975 3,982 3.4 3.3 3.8 3.1 3.1

At opening establishments

435 463 442 712 513 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.4

Gross job losses

3,632 3,874 4,021 4,008 5,173 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.1 4.0

At contracting establishments

3,233 3,264 3,618 3,365 3,734 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.9

At closing establishments

399 610 403 643 1,439 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.5 1.1

Net employment change (2)

1,042 695 1,212 679 -678 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.6 -0.5

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

2,558 2,536 2,858 2,859 2,435 5.1 5.0 5.7 5.6 4.8

At expanding establishments

2,096 2,115 2,262 2,248 2,047 4.2 4.2 4.5 4.4 4.0

At opening establishments

462 421 596 611 388 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.2 0.8

Gross job losses

2,267 2,477 2,188 2,534 2,317 4.6 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.5

At contracting establishments

1,793 1,808 1,734 1,887 1,907 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7

At closing establishments

474 669 454 647 410 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.8

Net employment change (2)

291 59 670 325 118 0.5 0.1 1.3 0.6 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

12,138 10,010 11,730 10,180 10,854 7.3 6.0 7.1 6.0 6.4

At expanding establishments

10,017 8,831 10,123 8,923 9,002 6.0 5.3 6.1 5.3 5.3

At opening establishments

2,121 1,179 1,607 1,257 1,852 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.7 1.1

Gross job losses

10,843 11,443 9,215 9,960 9,857 6.5 6.9 5.5 5.9 5.9

At contracting establishments

9,287 9,667 7,897 8,328 8,411 5.6 5.8 4.7 4.9 5.0

At closing establishments

1,556 1,776 1,318 1,632 1,446 0.9 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,295 -1,433 2,515 220 997 0.8 -0.9 1.6 0.1 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

3,189 3,546 3,755 3,002 3,084 6.2 6.8 7.0 5.6 5.7

At expanding establishments

2,645 3,307 3,323 2,572 2,679 5.1 6.3 6.2 4.8 5.0

At opening establishments

544 239 432 430 405 1.1 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.7

Gross job losses

2,636 2,567 3,143 2,629 2,427 5.2 5.0 5.9 4.9 4.5

At contracting establishments

2,248 2,122 2,777 2,262 2,081 4.4 4.1 5.2 4.2 3.9

At closing establishments

388 445 366 367 346 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

553 979 612 373 657 1.0 1.8 1.1 0.7 1.2

Information

Gross job gains

2,378 3,287 2,713 2,280 3,248 6.8 9.4 7.4 6.1 8.7

At expanding establishments

1,883 1,475 2,028 1,988 2,135 5.4 4.2 5.5 5.3 5.7

At opening establishments

495 1,812 685 292 1,113 1.4 5.2 1.9 0.8 3.0

Gross job losses

3,831 2,169 2,114 2,481 3,102 10.9 6.2 5.7 6.7 8.3

At contracting establishments

1,383 1,723 1,890 2,049 2,530 3.9 4.9 5.1 5.5 6.8

At closing establishments

2,448 446 224 432 572 7.0 1.3 0.6 1.2 1.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,453 1,118 599 -201 146 -4.1 3.2 1.7 -0.6 0.4

Financial activities

Gross job gains

5,337 4,812 4,860 5,457 4,651 6.5 5.8 5.8 6.5 5.4

At expanding establishments

4,003 3,425 3,661 4,256 3,586 4.9 4.1 4.4 5.1 4.2

At opening establishments

1,334 1,387 1,199 1,201 1,065 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

4,451 4,580 4,262 4,202 4,657 5.4 5.6 5.1 5.0 5.5

At contracting establishments

3,316 3,366 3,254 3,249 3,675 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.3

At closing establishments

1,135 1,214 1,008 953 982 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

886 232 598 1,255 -6 1.1 0.2 0.7 1.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

16,934 15,266 17,749 15,769 16,355 8.4 7.6 8.8 7.7 8.0

At expanding establishments

13,115 11,872 13,415 12,479 13,213 6.5 5.9 6.7 6.1 6.5

At opening establishments

3,819 3,394 4,334 3,290 3,142 1.9 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

14,480 15,637 16,291 14,148 13,101 7.2 7.8 8.1 6.9 6.4

At contracting establishments

11,677 11,664 12,905 10,885 10,436 5.8 5.8 6.4 5.3 5.1

At closing establishments

2,803 3,973 3,386 3,263 2,665 1.4 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.3

Net employment change (2)

2,454 -371 1,458 1,621 3,254 1.2 -0.2 0.7 0.8 1.6

Education and health services

Gross job gains

10,762 7,986 9,701 8,957 9,041 6.2 4.5 5.4 5.0 5.0

At expanding establishments

8,561 6,746 7,749 7,304 7,429 4.9 3.8 4.3 4.1 4.1

At opening establishments

2,201 1,240 1,952 1,653 1,612 1.3 0.7 1.1 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

7,661 7,504 7,019 8,392 7,216 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.7 4.0

At contracting establishments

6,083 6,189 5,865 7,123 6,033 3.5 3.5 3.3 4.0 3.3

At closing establishments

1,578 1,315 1,154 1,269 1,183 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

3,101 482 2,682 565 1,825 1.8 0.3 1.5 0.3 1.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

15,360 13,989 16,865 14,201 16,052 11.0 10.0 11.9 9.9 11.2

At expanding establishments

12,482 11,894 14,079 11,511 12,928 8.9 8.5 9.9 8.0 9.0

At opening establishments

2,878 2,095 2,786 2,690 3,124 2.1 1.5 2.0 1.9 2.2

Gross job losses

14,632 13,398 13,893 13,255 15,242 10.5 9.6 9.8 9.2 10.5

At contracting establishments

11,973 11,619 12,065 11,781 13,337 8.6 8.3 8.5 8.2 9.2

At closing establishments

2,659 1,779 1,828 1,474 1,905 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.3

Net employment change (2)

728 591 2,972 946 810 0.5 0.4 2.1 0.7 0.7

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,947 2,721 2,732 3,017 2,521 8.8 8.1 8.1 8.7 7.4

At expanding establishments

2,219 2,212 2,114 2,416 1,881 6.6 6.6 6.3 7.0 5.5

At opening establishments

728 509 618 601 640 2.2 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.9

Gross job losses

2,726 2,624 2,221 2,387 3,167 8.2 7.8 6.6 6.9 9.3

At contracting establishments

2,134 2,082 1,813 1,894 2,457 6.4 6.2 5.4 5.5 7.2

At closing establishments

592 542 408 493 710 1.8 1.6 1.2 1.4 2.1

Net employment change (2)

221 97 511 630 -646 0.6 0.3 1.5 1.8 -1.9

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Sept.
2016
Dec.
2016
Mar.
2017
June
2017
Sept.
2017

United States(1)

6.4 6.2 6.0 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.4 5.8 6.1

Alabama

6.2 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8

Alaska

9.1 9.8 9.4 11.0 8.5 11.2 10.0 9.8 9.9 10.5

Arizona

7.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.6 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.3

Arkansas

6.2 5.9 5.6 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.0 5.6 5.5

California

6.9 6.9 6.7 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.6 6.4

Colorado

7.1 6.6 6.8 7.1 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.4

Connecticut

5.2 5.1 5.5 5.7 5.2 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.7

Delaware

6.3 6.2 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.6 6.2 5.9 7.0 6.6

District of Columbia

6.2 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.6 4.7 5.6 5.3

Florida

7.4 6.7 6.1 6.6 5.6 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.1 7.5

Georgia

6.7 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.2

Hawaii

6.0 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.8 5.4 5.3

Idaho

7.9 7.5 7.9 7.3 6.7 7.3 6.7 6.3 6.6 6.6

Illinois

5.7 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.5 6.0

Indiana

5.8 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.1 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.5

Iowa

6.1 5.7 6.1 5.6 5.4 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.7

Kansas

6.2 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.3 5.6 5.7 5.6 6.6 5.7

Kentucky

6.8 6.1 5.7 6.1 5.9 6.3 5.8 5.4 5.9 5.8

Louisiana

6.8 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.5 6.1

Maine

6.7 7.4 7.2 7.7 6.5 7.4 7.1 6.4 7.7 7.5

Maryland

6.6 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.2

Massachusetts

5.7 5.6 5.5 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.6

Michigan

5.7 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.4 5.0 5.3 6.0

Minnesota

6.1 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.7 4.7 5.3 5.7

Mississippi

6.3 6.3 5.7 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.9

Missouri

5.7 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.6 4.9 5.6 5.9

Montana

7.6 7.8 8.1 7.9 7.2 7.7 7.5 7.1 7.7 8.0

Nebraska

6.4 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.2 5.2 6.1 5.9

Nevada

6.8 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.5 5.6 5.2 6.0 5.8

New Hampshire

6.4 6.3 5.7 6.6 5.6 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.9 6.5

New Jersey

6.3 6.4 5.5 6.7 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.2

New Mexico

7.0 6.6 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.3

New York

6.3 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 6.1

North Carolina

6.3 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.9 6.0

North Dakota

8.2 6.7 7.6 6.8 6.7 7.1 7.7 6.7 6.9 6.8

Ohio

5.7 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.1 5.7 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.6

Oklahoma

6.3 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.5 5.9 6.0

Oregon

6.9 6.6 6.9 6.5 6.5 6.4 6.3 5.7 5.9 6.3

Pennsylvania

5.6 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.4 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.2

Rhode Island

5.6 5.7 6.3 6.5 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9 6.3

South Carolina

6.3 6.5 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.6 6.0 6.4

South Dakota

6.4 6.0 6.4 6.3 5.7 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.0

Tennessee

5.9 5.8 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.2

Texas

6.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.7

Utah

7.4 6.8 7.7 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.3

Vermont

7.2 7.0 6.6 7.9 6.7 7.4 7.0 6.8 6.8 7.8

Virginia

6.2 6.2 6.0 6.2 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.9 6.2

Washington

6.7 7.1 6.8 7.1 6.3 6.6 6.7 5.6 6.1 6.3

West Virginia

6.5 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.9 6.4 6.2 6.4 6.5 6.5

Wisconsin

5.5 5.5 5.9 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.3 4.8 5.5 5.7

Wyoming

8.5 8.8 8.8 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.1 9.0 7.9

Puerto Rico

5.8 5.8 5.1 5.2 4.1 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.2 6.2

Virgin Islands

6.2 6.0 5.3 6.2 4.2 6.8 6.0 5.5 4.7 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 11, 2018