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17-1002-KAN
Friday, July 14, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – June 2017

Prices in the Midwest unchanged in June and 0.9 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was unchanged for the second month in a row in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Higher costs for electricity (8.1 percent) and shelter (0.4 percent) had the largest upward impact on the index, while lower prices for apparel (-3.1 percent) and gasoline (-1.7 percent) had the largest offsetting movements. The all items less food and energy index was essentially unchanged (-0.1 percent) in June, food prices were down 0.4 percent, and energy costs rose 2.2 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 0.9 percent from June 2016 to June 2017. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, registered little change (-0.1 percent) and food prices increased 0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.1 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were 0.4 percent lower in June. Costs for food away from home were down 0.4 percent while prices for food at home declined 0.3 percent.

From June 2016 to June 2017, the index for food was 0.3 percent higher attributable to an increase of 0.9 percent in costs for food away from home. Prices for food at home were little changed (-0.1 percent).

Energy

The energy index turned up 2.2 percent in June following a decline of 0.7 percent in May. Higher prices for electricity, up 8.1 percent, were largely responsible for the increase in the energy component. Costs for utility (piped) gas service also contributed to the increase with an advance of 1.2 percent, while lower prices for gasoline (-1.7 percent) moderated the overall gain.

Energy costs were essentially unchanged (-0.1 percent) from June 2016 to June 2017 due to mixed movements within the index.  Higher prices for utility (piped) gas service (15.2 percent) and electricity (3.2 percent) were more than offset by a decline in costs for gasoline (-7.3 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed, -0.1 percent, in June after registering no change in May. A 3.1-percent decrease in apparel prices had the largest downward impact on the index. Among the other expenditure categories that declined over the month were new and used motor vehicles (-0.3 percent) and education and communication (-0.3 percent). Moderating the overall change, shelter costs advanced 0.4 percent for the second month in a row. Expenditure categories registering no change in June included recreation and medical care.

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.1 percent from June 2016 to June 2017. Higher costs for shelter (2.6 percent) led the advance.

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 229.780 in June 2017. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $229.78 in June 2017.

CPI-W

In June, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 223.625, unchanged over the month. The CPI-W increased 0.6 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8 0.7 2.2

February

1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4 0.2 2.4

March

0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5 0.1 1.9

April

-0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.8

May

0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8 0.0 1.4

June

0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8 0.0 0.9

July

-0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4    

August

0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6    

September

0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1    

October

-0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0    

November

-0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2    

December

-0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8    

The July 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 11, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments–department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2017
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jun.
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

229.682 229.705 229.780 0.9 0.0 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

373.705 373.743 373.866      

Food and beverages

241.056 241.489 240.701 0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Food

240.532 240.989 240.139 0.3 -0.2 -0.4

Food at home

226.011 226.674 226.024 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

264.944 265.048 263.857 0.9 -0.4 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages

246.063 246.153 246.259 0.7 0.1 0.0

Housing

220.351 221.420 223.325 2.7 1.3 0.9

Shelter

261.077 262.233 263.258 2.6 0.8 0.4

Rent of primary residence(1)

260.446 261.025 261.592 2.9 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

265.072 265.570 266.170 2.7 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

265.044 265.537 266.136 2.7 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

217.646 220.578 230.574 6.0 5.9 4.5

Household energy

177.850 180.686 190.907 6.5 7.3 5.7

Energy services(1)

184.941 188.212 199.401 6.5 7.8 5.9

Electricity(1)

199.158 203.168 219.647 3.2 10.3 8.1

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

150.223 152.087 153.965 15.2 2.5 1.2

Household furnishings and operations

114.475 114.194 113.930 -0.6 -0.5 -0.2

Apparel

121.045 119.265 115.627 -1.0 -4.5 -3.1

Transportation

197.985 196.661 195.076 -1.9 -1.5 -0.8

Private transportation

191.861 190.495 189.157 -1.9 -1.4 -0.7

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.357 97.292 96.986 -2.2 -0.4 -0.3

New vehicles

139.372 138.683 138.148 -1.1 -0.9 -0.4

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

98.443 97.982 97.598 -1.2 -0.9 -0.4

New cars(4)

136.270 135.482 134.571 -0.7 -1.2 -0.7

Used cars and trucks

140.920 141.096 140.044 -4.8 -0.6 -0.7

Motor fuel

216.986 209.895 206.410 -7.1 -4.9 -1.7

Gasoline (all types)

215.921 208.788 205.304 -7.3 -4.9 -1.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

210.112 202.827 199.448 -7.7 -5.1 -1.7

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

249.021 243.102 238.057 -6.1 -4.4 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

238.399 233.053 229.497 -4.6 -3.7 -1.5

Medical Care

479.011 478.245 478.231 2.3 -0.2 0.0

Medical care commodities

389.171 388.795 389.037 2.8 0.0 0.1

Medical care services

509.103 508.201 508.096 2.1 -0.2 0.0

Professional services

415.167 415.343 414.938 2.1 -0.1 -0.1

Recreation(3)

121.578 121.097 121.091 1.1 -0.4 0.0

Education and communication(3)

136.820 136.537 136.183 -2.9 -0.5 -0.3

Other goods and services

413.453 414.166 413.821 1.1 0.1 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

229.682 229.705 229.780 0.9 0.0 0.0

Commodities

177.904 177.144 175.889 -1.2 -1.1 -0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

147.169 145.955 144.551 -2.1 -1.8 -1.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.108 189.499 187.076 -1.9 -2.6 -1.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

238.749 235.593 233.934 -2.2 -2.0 -0.7

Durables

103.805 103.708 103.157 -2.4 -0.6 -0.5

Services

283.077 283.900 285.334 2.2 0.8 0.5

Rent of shelter(2)

268.285 269.496 270.545 2.6 0.8 0.4

Transportation services

307.524 308.659 307.070 2.2 -0.1 -0.5

Other services

334.651 333.809 333.611 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

217.879 217.940 218.019 0.7 0.1 0.0

All items less food

227.797 227.750 227.974 1.0 0.1 0.1

All items less shelter

220.635 220.255 219.993 0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Commodities less food

150.281 149.095 147.724 -2.0 -1.7 -0.9

Nondurables

216.276 215.106 213.451 -0.7 -1.3 -0.8

Nondurables less food

194.949 192.491 190.209 -1.7 -2.4 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

237.998 235.144 233.649 -2.0 -1.8 -0.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

315.697 316.146 318.083 1.8 0.8 0.6

Services less medical care services

266.229 267.175 268.720 2.2 0.9 0.6

Energy

195.496 194.062 198.416 -0.1 1.5 2.2

All items less energy

235.908 236.075 235.729 0.9 -0.1 -0.1

All items less food and energy

235.785 235.900 235.645 1.1 -0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.431 144.929 143.785 -1.2 -1.1 -0.8

Energy commodities

216.339 209.325 205.849 -6.6 -4.8 -1.7

Services less energy services

295.607 296.177 296.590 1.9 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Apr.
2017
May
2017
Jun.
2017
Jun.
2016
Apr.
2017
May
2017

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.577 223.575 223.625 0.6 0.0 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

361.573 361.571 361.651      

Food and beverages

240.588 241.107 240.324 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Food

240.033 240.581 239.755 0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Food at home

226.316 227.031 226.382 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Food away from home

266.003 266.201 265.018 0.8 -0.4 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages

247.886 247.930 247.837 0.7 0.0 0.0

Housing

215.300 216.239 218.158 2.8 1.3 0.9

Shelter

249.938 250.764 251.552 2.6 0.6 0.3

Rent of primary residence(1)

261.098 261.657 262.225 2.9 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

246.979 247.408 247.956 2.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

246.972 247.401 247.946 2.6 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

218.824 221.758 231.734 5.9 5.9 4.5

Household energy

178.752 181.549 191.653 6.5 7.2 5.6

Energy services(1)

184.412 187.606 198.700 6.4 7.7 5.9

Electricity(1)

197.468 201.420 217.404 3.2 10.1 7.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

151.719 153.407 155.296 15.3 2.4 1.2

Household furnishings and operations

112.176 112.003 111.753 -0.9 -0.4 -0.2

Apparel

119.304 117.574 114.369 0.3 -4.1 -2.7

Transportation

194.703 193.291 191.559 -2.6 -1.6 -0.9

Private transportation

191.008 189.555 187.924 -2.6 -1.6 -0.9

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.914 96.952 96.543 -2.9 -0.4 -0.4

New vehicles

142.541 141.898 141.350 -1.2 -0.8 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

141.436 141.604 140.551 -4.8 -0.6 -0.7

Motor fuel

217.303 210.279 206.544 -7.3 -5.0 -1.8

Gasoline (all types)

216.135 209.080 205.342 -7.4 -5.0 -1.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

210.151 202.965 199.310 -7.8 -5.2 -1.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

248.767 242.796 237.732 -6.3 -4.4 -2.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

237.977 232.684 228.978 -4.7 -3.8 -1.6

Medical Care

484.383 483.564 483.419 2.2 -0.2 0.0

Medical care commodities

380.291 380.008 380.131 2.4 0.0 0.0

Medical care services

516.619 515.617 515.377 2.1 -0.2 0.0

Professional services

417.329 417.520 417.051 2.1 -0.1 -0.1

Recreation(3)

117.073 117.037 117.155 1.4 0.1 0.1

Education and communication(3)

127.522 127.204 126.698 -4.1 -0.6 -0.4

Other goods and services

462.509 463.284 463.219 1.4 0.2 0.0
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.577 223.575 223.625 0.6 0.0 0.0

Commodities

180.335 179.541 178.263 -1.5 -1.1 -0.7

Commodities less food & beverages

150.940 149.654 148.221 -2.5 -1.8 -1.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

200.045 197.108 194.696 -2.2 -2.7 -1.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

249.799 246.119 244.066 -2.8 -2.3 -0.8

Durables

105.523 105.512 104.881 -3.0 -0.6 -0.6

Services

274.739 275.578 277.036 2.1 0.8 0.5

Rent of shelter(2)

248.332 249.162 249.936 2.6 0.6 0.3

Transportation services

307.520 308.970 307.506 2.5 0.0 -0.5

Other services

306.731 306.541 306.304 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

213.580 213.610 213.667 0.5 0.0 0.0

All items less food

220.195 220.105 220.295 0.7 0.0 0.1

All items less shelter

216.612 216.315 216.102 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food

153.866 152.603 151.193 -2.4 -1.7 -0.9

Nondurables

220.693 219.389 217.739 -1.0 -1.3 -0.8

Nondurables less food

202.491 199.701 197.403 -2.0 -2.5 -1.2

Nondurables less food and apparel

248.062 244.688 242.795 -2.5 -2.1 -0.8

Services less rent of shelter(2)

278.068 278.841 280.898 1.6 1.0 0.7

Services less medical care services

258.774 259.720 261.274 2.1 1.0 0.6

Energy

195.884 194.116 197.763 -0.7 1.0 1.9

All items less energy

228.871 229.080 228.702 0.8 -0.1 -0.2

All items less food and energy

226.778 226.924 226.630 0.9 -0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

148.189 147.789 146.709 -1.4 -1.0 -0.7

Energy commodities

216.746 209.868 206.141 -6.7 -4.9 -1.8

Services less energy services

286.692 287.247 287.540 1.8 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 14, 2017