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News Release Information

22-1159-KAN
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – May 2022

Area prices were up 1.5 percent over the past month, up 8.8 percent from a year ago.

Prices in the Midwest Region, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.5 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) The food index rose 1.3 percent in May and the index for energy increased 8.6 percent. The all items less food and energy index advanced 0.8 percent due to increases in costs for shelter and public transportation. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.8 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.9 percent over the year. Energy prices rose 33.8 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices were up 12.0 percent compared to May 2021. (See table 1.)

 

Food

Food prices advanced 1.3 percent for the month of May. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.6 percent. All six of the major grocery store food group indexes increased over the month including meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (2.1 percent) and cereals and bakery products (2.9 percent). Prices for food away from home increased 0.9 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 12.0 percent. Prices for food at home were up 13.9 percent since a year ago. Among the grocery food categories, the index for other food at home (includes sugar, sweets, fats, and oils, for example) was up 14.1 percent and the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs rose 17.5 percent. Prices for food away from home rose 8.8 percent compared to May 2021.

Energy

The energy index advanced 8.6 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (10.0 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 15.3 percent, and prices for electricity increased 2.0 percent for the same period.

Energy prices were up 33.8 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (48.3 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service rose 38.5 percent, and prices for electricity increased 6.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.8 percent in May. Higher prices for shelter (0.6 percent) and public transportation were contributing factors. Lower prices for apparel (-0.2 percent) only partially offset these increases.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 5.9 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (5.2 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (14.5 percent).

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 1.6 0.2 0.8 0.4 2.5 0.5 1.2 0.8 7.9

February

0.2 1.7 0.7 1.3 0.3 2.1 0.8 1.7 0.9 8.0

March

0.2 1.8 0.6 1.7 -0.5 1.0 0.7 3.0 1.3 8.6

April

0.4 1.8 0.3 1.5 -1.1 -0.4 0.8 4.9 0.5 8.2

May

0.5 2.3 0.3 1.3 0.3 -0.4 1.0 5.6 1.5 8.8

June

0.2 2.5 0.0 1.2 0.8 0.4 1.0 5.8

July

0.0 2.4 0.2 1.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 5.9

August

0.0 2.1 0.0 1.5 0.4 1.1 0.2 5.7

September

0.1 1.9 0.0 1.4 0.2 1.3 0.2 5.7

October

0.1 2.2 0.2 1.5 -0.1 1.0 0.8 6.6

November

-0.6 1.4 -0.2 1.9 -0.2 1.0 0.4 7.3

December

-0.4 1.3 0.0 2.3 0.1 1.1 0.3 7.5

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest Region is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Midwest Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

All items

267.312 268.639 272.673 8.8 2.0 1.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

434.932 437.090 443.653      

Food and beverages

282.806 286.541 290.312 11.4 2.7 1.3

Food

283.955 287.716 291.562 12.0 2.7 1.3

Food at home

263.145 267.001 271.278 13.9 3.1 1.6

Cereals and bakery products

295.390 295.817 304.482 13.1 3.1 2.9

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

297.971 304.145 310.507 17.5 4.2 2.1

Dairy and related products

226.265 229.773 238.026 13.9 5.2 3.6

Fruits and vegetables

308.709 311.498 312.710 9.2 1.3 0.4

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

188.710 193.118 193.467 14.7 2.5 0.2

Other food at home

225.938 229.463 232.401 14.1 2.9 1.3

Food away from home

316.829 320.291 323.169 8.8 2.0 0.9

Alcoholic beverages

266.416 269.782 272.542 3.5 2.3 1.0

Housing

257.919 258.909 262.201 7.1 1.7 1.3

Shelter

305.136 305.815 307.740 5.2 0.9 0.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

306.249 307.494 308.779 5.0 0.8 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)(2)

311.127 312.010 313.386 4.7 0.7 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)(2)

311.032 311.918 313.293 4.7 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

255.742 258.711 272.993 15.4 6.7 5.5

Household energy

209.458 212.464 227.379 19.1 8.6 7.0

Energy services(1)

214.235 217.557 233.469 18.0 9.0 7.3

Electricity(1)

211.991 213.120 217.404 6.6 2.6 2.0

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

203.997 210.375 242.597 38.5 18.9 15.3

Household furnishings and operations

133.561 134.321 135.434 10.4 1.4 0.8

Apparel

117.961 117.101 116.845 4.2 -0.9 -0.2

Transportation

255.194 256.638 266.058 19.7 4.3 3.7

Private transportation

254.075 254.332 261.914 19.5 3.1 3.0

New and used motor vehicles(3)

124.732 125.166 126.262 14.5 1.2 0.9

New vehicles

160.582 162.178 163.564 14.0 1.9 0.9

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

113.510          

New cars(4)

157.143 159.136 161.183 14.7 2.6 1.3

Used cars and trucks

207.335 206.173 207.154 15.6 -0.1 0.5

Motor fuel

359.560 355.170 390.374 48.7 8.6 9.9

Gasoline (all types)

357.348 352.539 387.676 48.3 8.5 10.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

349.752 344.759 379.752 49.0 8.6 10.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

403.804 401.136 435.648 44.8 7.9 8.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

369.407 367.783 397.010 41.0 7.5 7.9

Medical care

534.114 535.170 537.633 2.7 0.7 0.5

Medical care commodities

376.595 375.652 377.208 0.9 0.2 0.4

Medical care services

586.374 588.088 590.852 3.0 0.8 0.5

Professional services

441.545 441.379 443.290 1.8 0.4 0.4

Recreation(3)

131.349 132.268 132.741 4.2 1.1 0.4

Education and communication(3)

141.202 141.027 141.049 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(6)

1,226.718 1,230.916 1,233.091 0.7 0.5 0.2

Other goods and services

479.494 481.370 485.161 7.0 1.2 0.8

Commodity and service group

Commodities

211.636 212.407 216.136 13.4 2.1 1.8

Commodities less food and beverages

176.146 175.906 179.405 14.6 1.9 2.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

229.328 228.410 237.165 18.4 3.4 3.8

Durables

125.337 125.472 125.842 11.7 0.4 0.3

Services

323.807 325.726 330.014 5.7 1.9 1.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

256.186 257.744 262.533 10.3 2.5 1.9

All items less medical care

254.749 256.094 260.223 9.5 2.1 1.6

Commodities less food

179.173 179.013 182.515 14.1 1.9 2.0

Nondurables

255.873 257.145 263.599 14.7 3.0 2.5

Nondurables less food

231.061 230.394 238.785 17.3 3.3 3.6

Services less rent of shelter(2)

353.216 356.581 363.634 6.1 2.9 2.0

Services less medical care services

304.232 306.181 310.623 6.1 2.1 1.5

Energy

275.376 275.275 298.959 33.8 8.6 8.6

All items less energy

270.226 271.700 274.001 6.8 1.4 0.8

All items less food and energy

268.639 269.741 271.794 5.9 1.2 0.8

(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022