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17-50-KAN
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Midwest Region – December 2016

Prices in the Midwest little changed in December, but 1.8 percent higher over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Midwest was virtually unchanged, edging up 0.1 percent in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Movements within the index were mixed, with prices for motor fuel (6.0 percent) having the largest upward impact and costs for apparel (-4.3 percent) contributing the largest offsetting movement. The broader energy index was 2.7 percent higher over the month, but food prices were little changed (-0.1 percent). The index for all items less food and energy also changed little over the month, down 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

The CPI-U for the Midwest rose 1.8 percent from December 2015 to December 2016. (See chart 1 and table A.) Food prices decreased 0.4 percent, and the energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was up 8.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the CPI-U advanced 1.7 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices in the Midwest were virtually unchanged, down 0.1 percent, in December. Prices for food at home declined 0.3 percent while costs for food away from home, up 0.1 percent, changed little over the month.

The index for food decreased 0.4 percent in 2016. Prices for food at home registered their fifteenth consecutive over-the-year decrease and ended the year 2.4 percent lower than in December 2015. Costs for food away from home were 2.5 percent higher over the year.  

Energy

The energy index had the greatest upward impact on the all items index, turning up 2.7 percent in December following two consecutive monthly declines. Motor fuel prices led the rise with a 6.0-percent increase in December after leading the index downward in November with a decline of the same magnitude. Costs for electricity (-0.3 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-0.2 percent) were lower over the month.

Energy costs rose 8.1 percent from December 2015 to December 2016 and posted their first over-the-year increase since September 2014.  Motor fuel prices also turned up after more than two years of annual declines and advanced 14.9 percent in 2016. Costs for utility (piped) gas service contributed to the rise in energy costs with a gain of 8.9 percent, but electricity prices were unchanged over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy for the Midwest was little changed in December, down 0.1 percent, due to offsetting movements. Apparel prices reflected seasonal trends with a decrease of 4.3 percent in December after declining 1.9 percent in the prior month. Expenditure categories registering higher prices over the month included owners’ equivalent rent of residences (0.2 percent) and other goods and services (0.6 percent).

The index for all items less food and energy was up 1.7 percent from December 2015 to December 2016. A 2.9-percent rise in shelter costs led the advance. Prices for medical care, up 4.7 percent, had the next largest upward impact as prices for medical care services rose 4.8 percent and costs for medical care commodities increased 4.1 percent. Among the expenditure categories that ended 2016 with lower prices were new and used motor vehicles (-1.5 percent), apparel (-2.4 percent), household furnishings and operations (-1.6 percent) and education and communication (-0.2 percent).

The Midwest Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) stood at 226.794 in December 2016. A typical market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $226.79 in December 2016.

CPI-W

In December, the Midwest Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 220.938, up 0.2 percent over the month. The CPI-W increased 1.8 percent over the year.

Table A. Midwest region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.6 2.8 0.1 1.3 0.5 1.4 -0.6 -0.3 0.3 0.8

February

0.2 2.7 1.1 2.2 0.6 0.9 0.3 -0.5 0.0 0.4

March

1.0 2.8 0.2 1.4 0.9 1.5 0.6 -0.9 0.6 0.5

April

0.2 2.3 -0.1 1.2 0.3 1.9 0.1 -1.1 0.4 0.8

May

-0.1 1.5 0.5 1.8 0.2 1.6 0.4 -0.8 0.4 0.8

June

-0.1 1.4 0.3 2.2 0.5 1.7 0.5 -0.7 0.6 0.8

July

0.0 1.3 -0.4 1.8 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.5 -0.5 0.4

August

0.7 1.8 0.1 1.2 -0.2 1.6 0.0 -0.3 0.1 0.6

September

0.3 1.9 0.1 1.0 0.1 1.6 -0.3 -0.8 0.2 1.1

October

-0.3 2.2 -0.5 0.8 -0.5 1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 1.0

November

-0.4 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.6 1.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 1.2

December

-0.2 1.8 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.7 -0.6 0.0 0.1 1.8

The January 2017 Consumer Price Index for the Midwest region is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 15, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Midwest region is comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

227.358 226.673 226.794 1.8 -0.2 0.1

All items (December 1977=100)

369.924 368.810 369.006      

Food and beverages

240.694 239.741 239.494 -0.3 -0.5 -0.1

Food

240.215 239.266 238.923 -0.4 -0.5 -0.1

Food at home

226.418 224.801 224.151 -2.4 -1.0 -0.3

Food away from home

263.390 263.583 263.767 2.5 0.1 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

245.048 244.058 245.204 1.2 0.1 0.5

Housing

217.842 217.903 217.867 2.4 0.0 0.0

Shelter

257.898 258.337 258.348 2.9 0.2 0.0

Rent of primary residence(1)

256.812 257.599 258.228 2.9 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

261.657 262.476 263.042 2.9 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

261.647 262.463 263.028 2.9 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

214.514 214.152 214.249 3.1 -0.1 0.0

Household energy

175.687 175.203 175.144 2.9 -0.3 0.0

Energy services(1)

183.223 182.653 182.197 2.7 -0.6 -0.2

Electricity(1)

198.414 196.587 196.059 0.0 -1.2 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

147.027 148.536 148.229 8.9 0.8 -0.2

Household furnishings and operations

114.233 113.379 113.109 -1.6 -1.0 -0.2

Apparel

120.841 118.575 113.436 -2.4 -6.1 -4.3

Transportation

192.021 189.630 192.164 2.9 0.1 1.3

Private transportation

186.761 184.199 186.910 3.3 0.1 1.5

New and used motor vehicles(3)

97.075 96.534 96.626 -1.5 -0.5 0.1

New vehicles

138.623 138.778 138.938 -0.6 0.2 0.1

New cars and trucks(3)(4)

97.983 98.149 98.261 -0.6 0.3 0.1

New cars(4)

134.836 135.129 134.687 -0.9 -0.1 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

140.615 138.451 138.152 -3.2 -1.8 -0.2

Motor fuel

200.608 188.560 199.912 14.9 -0.3 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.519 187.382 198.809 15.1 -0.4 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.667 181.479 192.964 15.4 -0.4 6.3

Gasoline, Unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

232.708 219.491 232.281 14.0 -0.2 5.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

223.743 213.638 223.666 13.6 0.0 4.7

Medical Care

476.005 477.271 477.476 4.7 0.3 0.0

Medical care commodities

384.715 381.666 382.672 4.1 -0.5 0.3

Medical care services

506.627 509.428 509.346 4.8 0.5 0.0

Professional services

407.456 413.224 412.901 4.8 1.3 -0.1

Recreation(3)

118.379 118.505 117.984 1.0 -0.3 -0.4

Education and communication(3)

140.679 140.313 140.552 -0.2 -0.1 0.2

Other goods and services

410.481 410.145 412.612 2.4 0.5 0.6
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

227.358 226.673 226.794 1.8 -0.2 0.1

Commodities

176.386 174.471 174.645 0.4 -1.0 0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.235 142.994 143.331 0.9 -1.3 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

187.811 183.686 184.435 3.3 -1.8 0.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

231.805 226.466 230.989 5.3 -0.4 2.0

Durables

103.756 103.066 103.073 -2.2 -0.7 0.0

Services

279.926 280.495 280.562 2.8 0.2 0.0

Rent of shelter(2)

265.035 265.471 265.482 2.9 0.2 0.0

Transportation services

297.744 300.125 300.775 2.0 1.0 0.2

Other services

334.135 334.004 334.126 1.5 0.0 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.587 214.809 214.926 1.5 -0.3 0.1

All items less food

225.153 224.512 224.706 2.2 -0.2 0.1

All items less shelter

218.594 217.503 217.663 1.4 -0.4 0.1

Commodities less food

148.362 146.145 146.503 0.9 -1.3 0.2

Nondurables

213.835 211.204 211.481 1.3 -1.1 0.1

Nondurables less food

190.836 186.888 187.658 3.2 -1.7 0.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.612 226.684 230.886 4.9 -0.3 1.9

Services less rent of shelter(2)

312.469 313.216 313.347 2.6 0.3 0.0

Services less medical care services

263.032 263.438 263.516 2.5 0.2 0.0

Energy

187.192 181.718 186.581 8.1 -0.3 2.7

All items less energy

234.145 233.924 233.578 1.4 -0.2 -0.1

All items less food and energy

233.754 233.665 233.317 1.7 -0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.231 144.090 143.124 -1.1 -1.5 -0.7

Energy commodities

199.951 188.488 199.799 14.6 -0.1 6.0

Services less energy services

292.280 292.974 293.096 2.8 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Midwest (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016
Dec.
2016
Dec.
2015
Oct.
2016
Nov.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.422 220.560 220.938 1.8 -0.2 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

358.088 356.695 357.306      

Food and beverages

240.522 239.342 239.052 -0.6 -0.6 -0.1

Food

240.041 238.828 238.435 -0.7 -0.7 -0.2

Food at home

227.013 225.150 224.477 -2.5 -1.1 -0.3

Food away from home

264.589 264.729 264.918 2.5 0.1 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

246.605 245.971 247.365 1.5 0.3 0.6

Housing

212.788 212.953 213.121 2.5 0.2 0.1

Shelter

246.847 247.415 247.677 2.8 0.3 0.1

Rent of primary residence(1)

257.429 258.260 258.864 2.9 0.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

243.870 244.640 245.159 2.9 0.5 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

243.868 244.636 245.154 2.9 0.5 0.2

Fuels and utilities

215.568 215.161 215.230 3.1 -0.2 0.0

Household energy

176.426 175.895 175.838 2.8 -0.3 0.0

Energy services(1)

182.614 181.961 181.470 2.6 -0.6 -0.3

Electricity(1)

196.441 194.762 194.292 -0.1 -1.1 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

148.654 149.843 149.344 9.3 0.5 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

112.128 111.257 111.177 -1.8 -0.8 -0.1

Apparel

118.284 116.462 111.581 -2.9 -5.7 -4.2

Transportation

189.054 185.941 188.866 3.2 -0.1 1.6

Private transportation

185.725 182.510 185.507 3.4 -0.1 1.6

New and used motor vehicles(3)

96.723 95.859 95.890 -1.9 -0.9 0.0

New vehicles

141.593 141.628 141.986 -0.7 0.3 0.3

Used cars and trucks

141.168 139.023 138.710 -3.2 -1.7 -0.2

Motor fuel

200.987 188.914 200.289 14.7 -0.3 6.0

Gasoline (all types)

199.797 187.655 199.100 14.9 -0.3 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

193.780 181.609 193.094 15.2 -0.4 6.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

232.624 219.398 232.155 14.0 -0.2 5.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

223.462 213.395 223.429 13.5 0.0 4.7

Medical Care

481.483 482.770 482.922 4.6 0.3 0.0

Medical care commodities

376.491 373.183 374.113 3.5 -0.6 0.2

Medical care services

514.068 516.982 516.854 4.9 0.5 0.0

Professional services

409.604 415.777 415.482 5.1 1.4 -0.1

Recreation(3)

114.319 114.372 113.785 0.7 -0.5 -0.5

Education and communication(3)

132.270 131.861 132.022 -0.5 -0.2 0.1

Other goods and services

457.734 457.311 460.687 2.6 0.6 0.7
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.422 220.560 220.938 1.8 -0.2 0.2

Commodities

178.440 176.184 176.770 0.5 -0.9 0.3

Commodities less food & beverages

148.383 145.774 146.688 1.2 -1.1 0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.246 189.554 191.593 4.1 -1.4 1.1

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

241.232 234.844 240.701 6.0 -0.2 2.5

Durables

105.474 104.539 104.580 -2.5 -0.8 0.0

Services

272.257 272.854 273.020 2.7 0.3 0.1

Rent of shelter(2)

245.271 245.826 246.088 2.9 0.3 0.1

Transportation services

299.780 302.212 303.158 2.6 1.1 0.3

Other services

308.541 308.397 308.316 1.1 -0.1 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

211.454 210.510 210.897 1.5 -0.3 0.2

All items less food

217.699 216.897 217.398 2.2 -0.1 0.2

All items less shelter

214.767 213.386 213.810 1.3 -0.4 0.2

Commodities less food

151.325 148.747 149.676 1.2 -1.1 0.6

Nondurables

217.597 214.553 215.492 1.6 -1.0 0.4

Nondurables less food

196.914 192.422 194.430 3.9 -1.3 1.0

Nondurables less food and apparel

240.101 234.187 239.670 5.7 -0.2 2.3

Services less rent of shelter(2)

276.431 277.018 277.067 2.5 0.2 0.0

Services less medical care services

256.309 256.763 256.947 2.4 0.2 0.1

Energy

187.081 181.202 186.445 8.4 -0.3 2.9

All items less energy

227.487 227.214 227.018 1.2 -0.2 -0.1

All items less food and energy

225.136 225.038 224.878 1.6 -0.1 -0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.780 146.549 145.844 -1.3 -1.3 -0.5

Energy commodities

200.432 188.981 200.280 14.4 -0.1 6.0

Services less energy services

284.118 284.869 285.116 2.7 0.4 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
 

Regions defined as the four Census regions. Midwest includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017