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17-52-KAN
Wednesday, January 18, 2017

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Consumer Price Index, Kansas City – Second Half 2016

Prices increased 0.9 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area increased 0.9 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher costs for shelter (2.6 percent) and medical care (4.6 percent) had the largest upward impacts on the index. The overall increase was moderated by lower costs for expenditure categories such as motor fuel (-7.2 percent) and apparel (-4.3 percent). The energy index decreased 0.3 percent and food prices were virtually unchanged, down 0.1 percent. The all items less food and energy index advanced 1.4 percent over the year.   

Food

Food prices registered little change (-0.1 percent) from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016 due to offsetting movements within the index. Costs for food at home were 1.5 percent lower, while prices for food away from home rose 1.9 percent over the year. These compared with changes of -0.2 and 1.6 percent, respectively, in the same period one year ago.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, decreased a modest 0.3 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, due to offsetting movements over the year. Price decreases during the first half of the period were largely offset by increases during the most recent half. Lower prices for motor fuel (-7.2 percent) were largely responsible for the decrease in the energy index, though the magnitude was moderated as prices rose during the second half of the period. Costs for utility (piped) gas service (3.4 percent) and electricity (6.9 percent) were up over the year. During the same period one year ago, energy costs declined 14.3 percent, motor fuel costs fell 23.8 percent, prices for utility (piped) gas service were down 14.8 percent, and electricity costs rose 2.8 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016, after registering a gain of 2.0 percent in the same period one year ago. Shelter costs advanced 2.6 percent and had the largest upward impact on the all items less food and energy index. Other expenditure categories that registered higher prices over the year included medical care (4.6 percent) and other goods and services (1.7 percent). In contrast, prices for apparel (-4.3 percent) were among those that declined over the period.

The Kansas City CPI-U stood at 225.156 for the second half of 2016. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $225.16 in the second half of 2016. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area for the second half of 2016 was 215.325. The CPI-W increased 0.7 percent from the second half of 2015 to the second half of 2016.

The Consumer Price Index for the First Half of 2017 is scheduled to be released on July 14, 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., area covered in this release includes Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties in Kansas; and Cass, Clay, Clinton, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte, and Ray Counties in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2016 from-
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

223.051 222.963 225.156 0.9 1.0

All items (1967=100)

662.319 662.056 668.568    

Food and beverages

256.995 257.393 256.807 -0.1 -0.2

Food

262.238 262.669 261.866 -0.1 -0.3

Food at home

250.644 249.547 246.847 -1.5 -1.1

Food away from home

280.691 283.599 286.005 1.9 0.8

Alcoholic beverages

196.205 196.394 197.672 0.7 0.7

Housing

212.652 214.379 217.805 2.4 1.6

Shelter

237.754 240.152 243.898 2.6 1.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

244.553 246.057 250.146 2.3 1.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

232.980 235.752 239.495 2.8 1.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

232.980 235.752 239.495 2.8 1.6

Fuels and utilities

228.211 229.021 239.664 5.0 4.6

Household energy

190.042 189.950 200.657 5.6 5.6

Energy services(1)

187.788 187.969 198.530 5.7 5.6

Electricity(1)

162.729 164.219 173.925 6.9 5.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

175.896 173.163 181.844 3.4 5.0

Household furnishings and operations

123.274 123.940 121.934 -1.1 -1.6

Apparel

113.271 115.314 108.345 -4.3 -6.0

Transportation

193.754 186.195 189.955 -2.0 2.0

Private transportation

190.784 182.426 186.884 -2.0 2.4

Motor fuel

211.472 175.268 196.168 -7.2 11.9

Gasoline (all types)

210.870 174.716 195.582 -7.2 11.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

205.278 168.989 189.326 -7.8 12.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.434 220.676 244.913 -4.5 11.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

215.168 187.095 208.870 -2.9 11.6

Medical Care

351.078 355.503 367.129 4.6 3.3

Recreation(5)

130.430 131.011 129.729 -0.5 -1.0

Education and communication(5)

126.657 125.488 125.802 -0.7 0.3

Other goods and services

390.107 395.622 396.601 1.7 0.2
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

223.051 222.963 225.156 0.9 1.0

Commodities

184.292 181.264 181.170 -1.7 -0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

150.384 145.920 146.004 -2.9 0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.169 186.746 190.926 -2.2 2.2

Durables

107.470 106.664 104.186 -3.1 -2.3

Services

260.832 263.455 267.781 2.7 1.6
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.827 215.469 217.118 0.6 0.8

All items less shelter

219.148 218.087 219.697 0.3 0.7

Commodities less food

152.136 147.842 147.970 -2.7 0.1

Nondurables

224.884 220.653 222.629 -1.0 0.9

Nondurables less food

195.874 188.056 192.001 -2.0 2.1

Services less rent of shelter(2)

297.152 300.077 305.173 2.7 1.7

Services less medical care services

247.680 250.064 254.096 2.6 1.6

Energy

202.359 186.212 201.685 -0.3 8.3

All items less energy

226.388 227.955 228.948 1.1 0.4

All items less food and energy

220.554 222.293 223.547 1.4 0.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
2nd half 2016 from-
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
2nd half
2016
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

213.868 213.196 215.325 0.7 1.0

All items (1967=100)

626.633 624.664 630.903    

Food and beverages

259.831 259.773 259.074 -0.3 -0.3

Food

264.192 264.135 263.141 -0.4 -0.4

Food at home

250.242 248.784 246.255 -1.6 -1.0

Food away from home

287.437 290.218 292.829 1.9 0.9

Alcoholic beverages

200.198 200.579 201.964 0.9 0.7

Housing

203.691 205.214 208.493 2.4 1.6

Shelter

224.932 227.212 230.802 2.6 1.6

Rent of primary residence(1)

244.553 246.057 250.146 2.3 1.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(1)(2)

212.114 214.638 218.045 2.8 1.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(1)(2)

212.114 214.638 218.045 2.8 1.6

Fuels and utilities

228.152 228.864 239.584 5.0 4.7

Household energy

190.412 190.110 200.849 5.5 5.6

Energy services(1)

188.408 188.631 199.245 5.8 5.6

Electricity(1)

162.731 164.221 173.927 6.9 5.9

Utility (piped) gas service(1)

175.895 173.162 181.843 3.4 5.0

Household furnishings and operations

111.770 112.441 109.642 -1.9 -2.5

Apparel

104.280 106.550 100.626 -3.5 -5.6

Transportation

179.155 169.706 173.435 -3.2 2.2

Private transportation

177.767 168.115 171.970 -3.3 2.3

Motor fuel

211.469 175.213 196.100 -7.3 11.9

Gasoline (all types)

210.865 174.712 195.578 -7.2 11.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

205.276 168.987 189.324 -7.8 12.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

256.434 220.676 244.913 -4.5 11.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

215.160 187.088 208.862 -2.9 11.6

Medical Care

358.431 363.653 375.722 4.8 3.3

Recreation(5)

128.708 129.432 127.213 -1.2 -1.7

Education and communication(5)

114.530 113.167 113.224 -1.1 0.1

Other goods and services

423.491 429.832 431.505 1.9 0.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

213.868 213.196 215.325 0.7 1.0

Commodities

180.299 176.358 176.114 -2.3 -0.1

Commodities less food & beverages

145.284 139.552 139.455 -4.0 -0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.348 182.878 187.785 -2.9 2.7

Durables

108.145 107.286 104.610 -3.3 -2.5

Services

251.338 253.865 258.510 2.9 1.8
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.560 206.612 208.354 0.4 0.8

All items less shelter

210.680 208.849 210.429 -0.1 0.8

Commodities less food

147.182 141.595 141.550 -3.8 0.0

Nondurables

225.016 219.429 221.898 -1.4 1.1

Nondurables less food

194.460 184.447 189.025 -2.8 2.5

Services less rent of shelter(2)

259.681 262.283 267.682 3.1 2.1

Services less medical care services

238.302 240.561 244.933 2.8 1.8

Energy

199.800 182.606 198.213 -0.8 8.5

All items less energy

217.249 218.758 219.457 1.0 0.3

All items less food and energy

208.045 209.765 210.677 1.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, January 18, 2017